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Encyclopedia > Perrey and Kingsley
Album cover art from The In Sound from Way Out!
Album cover art from The In Sound from Way Out!

The musical duo Perrey and Kingsley (Jean-Jacques Perrey, b. 1929 and Gershon Kingsley, b. 1925), are pioneers in the field of electronic music. Before their collaboration, starting in 1965, electronic music was considered to be purely avant-garde. They were the first to create enjoyable electronic music for the general public. Cover art deemed fair use from http://tralfaz-archives. ... Cover art deemed fair use from http://tralfaz-archives. ... Album cover art from In Sound from Way Out! The musical duo Perrey and Kingsley (Jean-Jacques Perrey, b. ... Gershon Kingsley, (b. ... Electronic music is a term for music created using electronic devices. ... A work similar to Marcel Duchamps Fountain Avant garde (written avant-garde) is a French phrase, one of many French phrases used by English speakers. ...

Contents

Biographies

German-born Kingsley fled Nazi Germany for Israel and began his career in music as a pit conductor for Broadway musical shows after graduating from the Los Angeles Conservatory of Music. Perrey was a French accordion player and medical student who abandoned his studies after meeting Georges Jenny in Paris in 1952. Jenny was the inventor of the Ondioline, a vacuum tube-powered keyboard instrument that was a forerunner of today's synthesizers and was capable of creating an amazing variety of sounds. Its keyboard featured a unique feature: the keyboard was suspended on special springs that were capable of introducing a natural vibrato, if the player moved the keyboard from side to side with the playing hand. The result was a beautiful, almost human-like vibrato that lent the Ondioline a wide range of expression. The keyboard was also pressure-sensitive, and the instrument had a knee volume lever as well. Jenny hired Perrey as a salesman and demonstrator of the new instrument. As a result he came to the attention of French singer Édith Piaf, who sponsored him to record a demo tape that later facilitated him access to work and live in the United States between 1960 and 1970. Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Broadway theatre[1] is often considered the highest professional form of theatre in the United States. ... Entrance to CalArts on McBean Parkway The California Institute of the Arts is commonly referred to as CalArts. ... The Ondioline was a vacuum tube-powered keyboard instrument, invented by Georges Jenny, which was a forerunner of todays synthesizers. ... In electronics, a vacuum tube (U.S. and Canadian English) or (thermionic) valve (outside North America) is a device generally used to amplify, or otherwise modify, a signal by controlling the movement of electrons in an evacuated space. ... The term synthesiser is also used to mean frequency synthesiser, an electronic system found in communications. ... Édith Piaf (December 19, 1915 – October 11, 1963)[1] was one of Frances most loved singers and a national icon. ...


Their first meeting

Perrey and Kingsley came together during Kingsley's stint as a staff arranger at Vanguard Records, an independent label in New York City that specialized not in avant-garde music, but in folk music. At that time, Perrey was experimenting with tape loops, which he had been introduced to by the French avant-garde musician Pierre Schaeffer. Each loop was a laboriously hand-spliced assemblage of filtered sounds, pitch-manipulated sounds and sometimes even animal calls. The end result of their first collaborative effort in 1966 combined Perrey's tape loops, and his inventive melodies with Kingsley's complementary arrangements and instrumentation. The resulting album was filled with tunes that sounded like music from an animated cartoon gone berserk. Their first LP was titled The In Sound From Way Out! and was released on Vanguard Records that same year. Since this was decades before the advent of widespread digital technology, each tune took weeks of painstaking editing and splicing to produce. Vanguard Records was a record label set up in 1950 by brothers Maynard and Seymour Solomon in New York. ... Folk music, in the original sense of the term, is music by and for the common people. ... Tape loops are loops of prerecorded magnetic tape used to create repetitive, rhythmic musical patterns. ... Pierre Henri Marie Schaeffer (August 14, 1910–August 19, 1995) was a French composer, noted as the inventor of musique concrète. ...


The twelve rather whimsical tracks bore names like "Unidentified Flying Object" and "The Little Man From Mars" in an attempt to make electronic music more accessible to the general public. The offbeat titles and happy, upbeat melodies added a genuine sense of humor to popular music years before another notable musician, Frank Zappa, would do likewise. In fact, "Unidentified Flying Object" and another of the album's cuts, "Electronic Can-Can" eventually became theme music for "Wonderama," a Metromedia Television children's program of the early 1970s. Though most of the melodies were original, two borrowed from the classics. "Swan's Splashdown" was based on Pyotr Tchaikovsky's "Swan Lake" while "Countdown At 6" borrowed from Amilcare Ponchielli's "Dance of the Hours," much as Allan Sherman did in 1963 with his hit recording, "Hello Muddah, Hello Fadduh." The final cut on the album, "Visa To The Stars" is co-credited to "Andy Badale," who would go on to fame as Angelo Badalamenti, arranger of the music in many of David Lynch's movies. In contrast to the rest of the album, "Visa To The Stars" is a more serious gesture and lacks the unusual sound effects of the other eleven cuts. It is highly reminiscent of the style of Joe Meek and his hit, "Telstar" by The Tornados. Perrey's Ondioline carries the melody throughout. Frank Vincent Zappa (December 21, 1940 – December 4, 1993) was an American composer, guitarist, singer, film director, and satirist. ... Wonderama was a long-running childrens television program that was syndicated nationally before changing title and to some extent format to Kids Are People Too. ... Metromedia (also often MetroMedia) was a conglomeration of radio and television stations in the United States that existed from the demise of the DuMont Television Network in the 1950s until the formation of the Fox Network in the 1980s. ... Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (Russian Пётр Ильи́ч Чайко́вский, sometimes transliterated as Piotr, Anglicised as Peter Ilich), (May 7, 1840 – November 6, 1893 (N.S.); April 25, 1840 – October... // Swan Lake (Russian: Лебединое Озеро) is one of the most famous and critically-acclaimed ballets, with music by Tchaikovsky (opus 20). ... Amilcare Ponchielli (August 31, 1834 – January 17, 1886) was an Italian composer, largely of operas. ... Dance of the Hours is a song from La Gioconda composed by Amilcare Ponchielli. ... Allan Sherman (sometimes incorrectly Alan and Allen), November 30, 1924 – November 20, 1973, was an American musician, parodist, satirist, and television producer. ... Allan Shermans Camp Granada Game, released by Milton Bradley Hello Muddah, Hello Fadduh (also Faddah) is Allan Shermans best known song parody. ... Angelo Badalamenti (born March 22, 1937) is a music composer, best known for his movie soundtrack work for surrealist movie director David Lynch. ... David Lynch at Cannes in 2001. ... Joe Meek Joe Meek (born Robert George Meek; April 5, 1929 in Newent, Gloucestershire, England—February 3, 1967) was a pioneering British record producer and songwriter acknowledged as one of the worlds first and most imaginative independent producers. ... Telstar was a 1962 instrumental record by The Tornados. ... Tornados is a British instrumental group of the 1960s who acted as the in-house back-up group for many of Joe Meeks productions. ...


Hollywood takes notice

Their second and final collaborative effort came in 1967 with the release of Spotlight On The Moog (Kaleidoscopic Vibrations). This was a similar sounding effort, but instead of all original compositions, the album was mostly versions of popular songs of the day. In this album, Perrey's tape loops and effects were added in post-production after Kingsley's orchestrations were recorded, a technique now commonly used by electronic artists to this day. The album was one of the first to use the new Moog modular synthesizer, a massive, complicated electronic instrument resembling an old-style telephone switchboard. The album also bore two notable singles. In fact, the Moog album was released a year and a half before the release of Wendy Carlos' ground-breaking Switched-On Bach. "The Savers" would go on to fame in 1968 as the Clio Award-winning music for a television ad for No-Cal diet drinks, and in 1972 as the theme to the American television game show "The Joker's Wild". About the time "The Savers" was being used on television, engineers with the Walt Disney Company were at work on a new parade at Disneyland Park, the "Main Street Electrical Parade." The idea was to cover floats with thousands of electronically-controlled colored lights and to set the show to music. Paul Beaver and then later Disney musician Don Dorsey helped rework a Perrey-Kingsley composition called "Baroque Hoedown," an upbeat, almost sparkling number best described as "harpsichord gone country." It would become the underlying theme song of the parade for the next three decades at Disneyland, Magic Kingdom, Tokyo Disneyland, Disneyland Paris, and is still in use today at its new home, Disney's California Adventure Park. Moog modular synthesizer refers to any of a number of monophonic analog modular synthesizers designed by the late electronic instrument pioneer Dr. Robert Moog and manufactured by R.A Moog Co. ... Wendy Carlos publicity photo Wendy Carlos (born Walter Carlos, November 14, 1939 in Pawtucket, Rhode Island) is an American composer and electronic musician. ... Switched-On Bach is a musical album by Walter Carlos on CBS Records, released in 1968. ... The Clio Awards are given to reward excellence in advertising and design. ... The Jokers Wild was an American game show of the 1970s and 1980s, billed as the game where knowledge is king and lady luck is queen. // Broadcast History The Jokers Wild debuted on CBS September 4, 1972, incidentally on the same Labor Day as the modern incarnation of... Alternate meanings: Disney (disambiguation) The Walt Disney Company (also known as Disney Enterprises, Inc. ... Disneyland is a theme park at Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California. ... Disneys Electrical Parade at Disneys California Adventure. ... Paul Beaver (1925-1975) was an obscure jazz musician and a pioneer in electronic music. ... Don Dorsey Don Dorsey is an audio production consultant, and a designer and director of fireworks and nighttime spectacular shows (including IllumiNations and Sorcery in the Sky. ... Baroque Hoedown was created by electronic music artists Perrey and Kingsley. ... Disneyland Park, formerly referred to simply as Disneyland from 1955-1998, is a theme park at Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California, USA (28 miles from Downtown Los Angeles). ... The Magic Kingdom is a theme park covering 107 acres (433,000 m²) at the Walt Disney World Resort in Bay Lake, Florida, near Orlando. ... The current version of the article or section reads like an advertisement. ... Disneyland Park, known as Disneyland Paris in France, is the jewel in the crown of the Disneyland Resort Paris. ... Disneys California Adventure Park is a Disney theme park in Anaheim, California, adjacent to Disneyland Park and part of the larger Disneyland Resort. ...


Several segments of Sesame Street produced in the 1970s also made use of music from The In Sound from Way Out, as did other television programs, such as "The Red Skelton Show." Sesame Street is an American educational childrens television series for preschoolers and is a pioneer of the contemporary educational television standard, combining both education and entertainment. ...


Their impact today

Though Perrey and Kingsley never enjoyed tremendous commercial success, their music inspired a generation of musicians and was used (and still is used) extensively in advertising. Moog Indigo, a Jean-Jacques Perrey solo album from 1970 featured a cut called "E.V.A." This slow, funky track is one of the most sampled in hip hop and rap music history. In the U.S., it is currently being used in a TV ad for Zelnorm, a prescription medication for, of all things, female irritable bowel syndrome. The same album produced "The Elephant Never Forgets" which is still being used as the theme of the Mexican sitcom, "El Chavo Del Ocho." aired by Televisa which is Mexico's most important broadcast company. Even the Beastie Boys (who asked permission from Perrey and Kingsley) used both the title and cover art of P & K's first album for their own The In Sound From Way Out! album in 1996, while Smash Mouth (who *didn't* ask for permission) borrowed the opening riff from "Swan's Splashdown" for their 1997 hit, "Walkin' On the Sun". Gershon Kingsley's biggest contribution to mainstream pop music came in the early 1970s as the composer of "Popcorn," the single biggest hit of the German phantom-band "Hot Butter" led by American Stan Free. Hip hop music, also referred to as rap or rap music, is a style of popular music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Popular West Coast rapper Snoop Dogg performing for the US Navy. ... Tegaserod is a 5-HT4 agonist used for the management of constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). ... Televisa is the largest media company in the Spanish-speaking world, followed by TV Azteca, and a major player in the international entertainment business. ... The Beastie Boys are a hip hop group from the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Manhattan. ... The In Sound From Way Out! is an instrumental compilation by the Beastie Boys. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Walkin On the Sun was first single on the Smash Mouth album Fush Yu Mang. ... Popcorn is a reasonably famous early synthpop instrumental. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Hot Butter is an alias for the keyboard master Stan Free. ...


Their work for Vanguard is available on a three-CD set called The Out Sound From Way In! The Complete Vanguard Recordings. The bonus CD features two remixes of "E.V.A." by Fatboy Slim, remixes of "Winchester Cathedral" and "Lover's Concerto" from Kaleidoscopic Vibrations as well as "Electronic Can-Can" and "Unidentified Flying Object," each by techno artists Eurotrash. Fatboy Slim (born Quentin Leo Cook on July 31, 1963, also known as Norman Cook) is an English musician in the dance music genre. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Eurotrash can refer to The light adult TV show Eurotrash An ethnic slur referring to uncultured residents of Europe. ...


Perrey has recorded two fairly recent CDs, Eclektronics - recorded in 1997 with musician David Chazam (Basta, 2000), and Circus of Life - recorded in 1999, with musician Gilbert Sigrist (PHMP, 2000). Perrey is currently recording a new CD entitled The Happy Electropop Music Machine with musician and arranger Dana Countryman. Information and sound samples can be found at http://www.jeanjacquesperrey.com/jjp/news/news.html


Perrey lives in France, and is in high demand for lectures and concerts all over the world. He most recently completed a concert tour with Dana Countryman, of Seattle, San Francisco and Hollywood, to support the release of "The Happy Electropop Music Machine" CD.


Gershon Kingsley lives in New York City, and is semi-retired, but is still passionate about music.


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
CMT.com : Jean Jacques Perrey : Biography (344 words)
Perrey helped popularize electronic music with a series of albums in the 1960s that used Moog synthesizers, the ondioline, and magnetic tape.
In the early '50s, Perrey became fascinated by the ondioline, a keyboard instrument that anticipated the synthesizer with its emulation of other instruments.
Perrey returned to France in 1970, where he continued to work in radio, TV, soundtracks, and other musical projects.
Jean Jacques Perrey: "Eclektronics" | BastaMusic.com (496 words)
The name JEAN JACQUES PERREY should be immediately familiar to electronic music fans, particularly those who are aware of the Moog synthesizer's golden age of the 1960s and '70s, when Moog synthesizer records were plentiful in record stores...
In addition to their records for Vanguard, during the early '60s, Perrey and Kingsley also created many commercials for radio and television.
Perrey's reply was positive and said simply "When, where and how?" Perrey joined Chazam in the studio, bringing his prepared tape loops (digitally loaded into his Kurzweil synthesizer/sampler), but bringing no actual tunes to record.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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