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Encyclopedia > Pernik
Pernik
Map of Bulgaria, Pernik is indicated
Province
(oblast)
Pernik
Population 108.366 (2006)
Altitude 710 m
Postal code 2300
Area code 076
Geographic
coordinates
42° 61' north,
23° 03' east
Time zone EET
(UTC+2; UTC+3 in summer)
Mayor Antoaneta Georgieva
Overview of the city
Overview of the city

Pernik (Bulgarian: Перник) is a city in western Bulgaria with a population of 91,883 as of 2006. It is the main city of Pernik Province and lies on both banks of the Struma River in the Pernik Valley between the Viskyar, Vitosha and Golo Bardo mountains. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links English: Map of Bulgaria – the red point is the position of Pernik. ... Since 1999 Bulgaria is divided into 28 oblasts (provinces or regions) that correspond aproximatly to the 28 okrugs that existet before 1987. ... The metre or meter is a measure of length. ... Blagoevgrad - 2700 Bansko - 2770 Bania - 2778 Kremen - 2771 Eleshnitza - 2782 Dobrinishte - 2777 Belitsa - 2780 Gotse Delchev - 2900 Gurmen - 2960 Kresna - 2840 Petrich - 2850 Razlog - 2760 Sandanski - 2800 Satovcha - 2950 Simitli - 2730 Strumiani - 2825 Hadzidimovo - 2933 Yakoruda - 2790 Riltzi Burgas - 8000 Dyuny - 8001 Elenite - 8002 Slunchev Briag/Sunny Beach - 8240 Aitos... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing daylight saving Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pernik Province is a province in western Bulgaria, neighbouring Serbia. ... The Struma (Bulgarian: Струма, Greek: Strimonis, Turkish: Karasu (meaning black water in Turkish)) is a river in Bulgaria and Greece. ... Vitosha (Bulgarian: Витоша  ) is a mountain massif, on the outskirts of Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria. ...


Originally the site of a Thracian fortress founded in the 4th century BC, and later a Roman settlement, Pernik became part of the Bulgarian Empire in the early 9th century as an important fortress. The name Pernik is thought to have originated from that of Slavic god Perun with the Slavic placename suffix –nik (or –ik) added, and was first mentioned in the 9th century. The medieval town was a key Bulgarian stronghold during Bulgarian tsar Samuil's wars against the Byzantine Empire in the 11th century, when it was governed by the local noble Krakra of Pernik, withstanding Byzantine sieges a number of times. Thraciae veteris typvs. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... The First Bulgarian Empire was founded in 681 AD in the lands near the Danube delta and disintegrated in 1018 AD by annexion to the Byzantine Empire. ... Note; many of the names that follow, such as Perun are those taken and renamed by those who have discovered evidence, and are not the actual, acurate historical names of many of the real gods, or figures in slavic mythology. ... In Slavic mythology, Perun (with many spelling and pronunciation variants among modern Slavic languages) is the highest god of the pantheon and the god of thunder and lightning. ... Bulgarian placename etymology is characterized by the linguistic and ethnic diversity of the Balkans through the ages and the position of the country in the centre of the region. ... This is a list of Bulgarian monarchs from the earliest records in the Nominalia of the Bulgarian khans to 1946, when the monarchy in the country was abolished. ... Samuil (also Samuel)[1] (Bulgarian: ; IPA: ) ruled as Emperor (Tsar) of Macedonia from 997 to 6 October 1014, having prior to that co-ruled with Roman between 976 and 997. ... It has been suggested that Eastern Roman Empire be merged into this article or section. ... Krakra of Pernik (Bulgarian: , Krakra Pernishki) , also known as Krakra Voevoda or simply Krakra, was an 11th-century feudal lord in the First Bulgarian Empire whose domain encompassed 36 castles in what is today southwestern Bulgaria, with his capital at Pernik. ...


From 1396 until 1878 the city was under Ottoman rule. In the 20th century Pernik developed rapidly as a centre for coal mining and heavy industry. During the Communist rule of Bulgaria it was called Dimitrovo between 1949 and 1962 after Bulgarian Communist leader Georgi Dimitrov. The Surva International Festival of the Masquerade Games is held in the city every January. Pernik has two football teams, PFC Minyor Pernik and FC Metalurg. Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–65) Edirne (1365–1453) Constantinople (Ä°stanbul, 1453–1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–22 Mehmed VI... Surface coal mining in Wyoming. ... Heavy industry does not have a single fixed meaning compared to light industry. ... Georgi Dimitrov Georgi Mikhailov Dimitrov (Георги Михайлов Димитров, also known as Георгий Михайлович Димитров- Georgiy Mikhailovich Dimitrov) (June 18, 1882, Kovachevtsi, Pernik Province - July 2, 1949, Moscow) was a Bulgarian Communist leader. ...

Contents

History

Pernik is a successor of the medieval town of Krakra. In the 4th century the Thracians built a fortress there. There is a rich collection of archaeological findings that evidence the existence of a Thracian settlement in the late Neolithic. The richest collection of pottery in the Central Balkans dates from that time. It is kept in the Historical Museum. Krakra of Pernik (Bulgarian: , Krakra Pernishki) , also known as Krakra Voevoda or simply Krakra, was an 11th-century feudal lord in the First Bulgarian Empire whose domain encompassed 36 castles in what is today southwestern Bulgaria, with his capital at Pernik. ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ...


A wonderful exhibition of relieves and sculptures is kept there, dedicated to the health-giving gods Asclepius and Hygieia, held in reverence in this region because of the presence of mineral springs. Asclepius (Greek also rendered Aesculapius in Latin and transliterated Asklepios) was the god of medicine and healing in ancient Greek mythology, according to which he was born a mortal but was given immortality as the constellation Ophiuchus after his death. ... In Greek mythology, Hygieia (Roman equivalent: Salus) was a daughter of Asclepius. ...


Bulgarians took advantage of the fortified spot and built one of the mightiest Bulgarian strongholds — Pernik. This name was first mentioned in the 9th century. It is associated with the Slavic god Perun. At the beginning of the 11th century the settlement was a fortress, impenetrable to the Byzantines. It was the seat of the legendary governor Krakra of Pernik, who played an important role in the time of the First Bulgarian Empire. Today, the fortress is one of the greatest historical sites of the city. In the time of the Ottoman occupation Pernik lost its significance as a fortress because it was located deep in the interior of the Empire. Until after the Liberation of Bulgaria Pernik was a small stockbreeding village, consisting of several scattered hamlets. In Bulgarian historiography, the term Liberation of Bulgaria is used to denote the events of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78 that led to the establishment of a Bulgarian state with the Treaty of San Stefano of 3 March 1878. ...


The beginning of Pernik's modern history is set in the 20th century with the development of the rich coal-beds of the region. According to some scientists, the existence of coal was already known in the 10th and 11th centuries. Before their industrial exploitation started, the local people dug it up with picks and shovels and transported coal with carts and wheelbarrows. Pernik's rapid development is associated with the large shipments of coal to the capital city, intended for household needs and for the railroad transport. Until then, coal for the railroads and the river and sea steamboats was delivered from as far as Cardiff in the United Kingdom. Cardiff (English:  , Welsh: ) is the capital, largest and core city of Wales. ...


As the first miners' quarters were built on the terraces of the Struma River, the beginning of the miners' settlement of Pernik was set, one kilometre to the east of the village of the same name. It is a town since 1929, and since 1958 — a regional centre. The coal output reached its apogee at that time. Pernik has been an energy centre of Bulgaria for a few decades.

The Central Mining Office
The Central Mining Office

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 274 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Pernik Metadata This... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 274 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Pernik Metadata This...

Landmarks

Palace of Culture in Winter time
Palace of Culture in Winter time
  • Palace of Culture
  • History Museum
  • Mining Museum
  • Krakra's stronghold
  • Duhlata cave
  • Church of St John of Rila

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 330 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Pernik Metadata This... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 330 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Pernik Metadata This... Krakra of Pernik (Bulgarian: , Krakra Pernishki) , also known as Krakra Voevoda or simply Krakra, was an 11th-century feudal lord in the First Bulgarian Empire whose domain encompassed 36 castles in what is today southwestern Bulgaria, with his capital at Pernik. ... Saint John of Rila or Saint Ivan Rilski (Bulgarian: свети Иван Рилски, sveti Ivan Rilski) (876 – circa 946) was the first Bulgarian hermit and the founder of the Rila Monastery. ...

Famous natives

Georgi Dimitrov Georgi Mikhailov Dimitrov (Георги Михайлов Димитров, also known as Георгий Михайлович Димитров- Georgiy Mikhailovich Dimitrov) (June 18, 1882, Kovachevtsi, Pernik Province - July 2, 1949, Moscow) was a Bulgarian Communist leader. ... Georgi Sedefchov Parvanov (Bulgarian: ) (born 28 June 1957) has been president of Bulgaria since 22 January 2002. ... Velizar Dimitrov (born April 13, 1979) is a Bulgarian football player who, as of 2004 was playing for CSKA Sofia. ... For the East Asian measure of weight, see Catty Kati is a town in Malis Koulikoro Region, about 15 km from Bamako, Malis capital. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...

Interner providers

  • Resound Internet
  • Pernik-LAN
  • Spectur Net
  • Zoom Internet
  • VipNet
  • SGC Lan
  • Rotop Net
  • Dimond

Commerce

Office Building "Elena"
Office Building "Elena"
  • Office Building "Elena"
  • Hypermarket Billa 1 store
  • Hypermarket Kaufland 1 store
  • Supermarket CBA 3 stores
  • Supermarket T-market 2 stores
  • Хипермаркет за бяла и черна техника „Технокомерс“ 3 stores
  • Mall — in processes of building. The Mall is going to be very big and luxurious. Many famous brands will place their stores in the new Mall of Pernik.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Municipality

Pernik is the seat of the eponymous Pernik municipality (part of Pernik Province), which includes the following 24 places (towns in bold): Pernik Province is a province in western Bulgaria, neighbouring Serbia. ...

  • Batanovtsi
  • Bogdanovdol
  • Bosnek
  • Cherna Gora
  • Chuypetlovo
  • Divotino
  • Dragichevo
  • Golemo Buchino
  • Kladnitsa
  • Kralev Dol
  • Leskovets
  • Lyulin
  • Meshtitsa
  • Pernik
  • Planinitsa
  • Raduy
  • Rasnik
  • Rudartsi
  • Selishten Dol
  • Studena
  • Viskyar
  • Vitanovtsi
  • Yardzhilovtsi
  • Zidartsi

Batanovtsi (Bulgarian Батановци) is a town in Western Bulgaria. ...

Town twinning

Pernik is twinned with:

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Nickname: Location in Davidson County and the state of Tennessee Coordinates: Country United States State Tennessee Counties Davidson County Founded: 1779 Incorporated: 1806 Government  - Mayor Bill Purcell (D) Area  - City  526. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... This article is about the German city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Hanover (German: , IPA: ), on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Bremen, see Bremen (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Macedonia. ... The church of St. ... For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... For other uses, see Lublin (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Wawel Hill, Old Town, Kraków. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Caen (pronounced /kɑ̃/) is a commune of northwestern France. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... New city flag Traditional coat of arms Motto: – Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Region Nord-Pas de Calais Department Nord (59) Intercommunality Urban Community of Lille Métropole Mayor Martine Aubry  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land area¹ 39. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Cardiff (English:  , Welsh: ) is the capital, largest and core city of Wales. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Norte  - Subregion Grande Porto  - District or A.R. Porto Mayor Rui Rio  - Party PSD Area 41. ...

Gallery

External links

  • Pernik municipality website
  • Pernik Info
  • Pernik.net
  • The Surva International Festival of the Masquerade Games in the city of Pernik


Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This is a list of cities in Bulgaria with over 20,000 inhabitants. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... Aytos / Ajtos (Bulgarian: , Greek/Thracian: Αετός) is a town located in the eastern part of Bulgaria, belonging to the administrative boundaries of Burgas Province. ... Asenovgrad (Bulgarian Асеновград) is a town in Southern Bulgaria. ... The centre of the town Houses in Varosha, the old quarter of Blagoevgrad Blagoevgrad (Bulgarian: Благоевград, formerly Горна Джумая, Gorna Dzhumaya) is a town in southwestern Bulgaria, situated in Blagoevgrad Province, with a population of about 76,000. ... all my regards and wishes to Angela Marinova from [email protected] ... Burgas (also transliterated as Bourgas; Bulgarian: ) is the second-largest city on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. ... Dimitrovgrad (Cyrillic: Димитровград) is a town and a municipality in the Haskovo region of southern Bulgaria. ... Dobrich (Bulgarian: Добрич) is a town in northeastern Bulgaria and the administrative centre of Dobrich Province. ... Dupnitsa (Дупница) is a town in western Bulgaria. ... Gabrovo municipality is located in Northern Bulgaria, in Gabrovo micro region. ... Gorna Oryahovitsa (Bulgarian: ) is a town in northern Bulgaria, situated in Veliko Tarnovo Province, between the towns of Veliko Tarnovo and Dolna Oryahovitsa. ... Goce Delchev location in Bulgaria Gotse Delchev (Гоце Делчев), population 23,573, is a town in Southwestern Bulgaria (Pirin Macedonia). ... Harmanli is a town in south-eastern Bulgaria. ... Haskovo (Bulgarian: Хасково) is the name of a town (and administrative center of the region of the same name) in Southern Bulgaria. ... Karlovo is a town in Central Bulgaria located in a fertile valley along the river Striama (in Bulgarian: Стряма). It has a population of 28,000 (as of 2005). ... Karnobat, a city in the Bourgaska State, Karnobat Municipality of Bulgaria. ... Kazanlak (Bulgarian: ) is a town located in Stara Zagora Province, Bulgaria. ... Kardzhali (Bulgarian: , Turkish: ) is a town in Bulgaria, capital of Kardzhali Province in the Eastern Rhodopes. ... Kyustendil Coat of arms Kyustendil (Bulgarian: , historically , Velbazhd, Turkish: ) is a town in the very west of Bulgaria, and the capital of Kyustendil Province, with a population of 47,196 (2005 calculation). ... Shishman Street - a street in Lom, Bulgaria Soviet style tower blocks characterize Loms skyline, with the Danube River and Romania visible in the background. ... View over Lovech The Covered Bridge Lovech (Bulgarian: Ловеч) is a town in north-central Bulgaria with a population of about 50,000. ... Montana (Монтана) is a city in northwestern Bulgaria and the administrative centre of Montana Province. ... Nova Zagora (Bulgarian: ) is a town with a population of approximately 26,000 people in the city, and approximately 48,000 in the entire municipality (which includes 33 surrounding villages). ... Panagyurishte (Bulgarian: ) is a town in Pazardzhik Province, western Bulgaria. ... Pazardzhik (Bulgarian: , also spelled as Pazardjik or Pazarjik) is a town situated along the banks of the Maritsa river in Bulgaria. ... Petrich is a small town in the Blagoevgrad district in Bulgaria, located at the foot of the Belasitza. ... Pleven (Bulgarian: Плевен , known as Plevna in English in some historical documents) is the seventh most populated town in Bulgaria. ... Plovdiv (Bulgarian: ) is the second-largest city in Bulgaria after Sofia, with a population of 341,873([1]). It is the administrative centre of Plovdiv Province in southern Bulgaria, as well as the largest and most important city of the historical region of Upper (or Northern) Thrace, famous for its... Ibrahim Pasha (Ä°brahim PaÅŸa) Mosque Razgrad (Разград) is a city in northeastern Bulgaria and the capital of Razgrad Province, built upon the ruins of the Ancient Roman town of Abritus on the banks of the Beli Lom. ... Dohodno Zdanie is a theatre building which is considered a symbol of the city Rousse (also transliterated as Ruse or Russe; Bulgarian: ; formerly also Rustchuk) is the fifth-largest city in Bulgaria, with a population of 176,115. ... Samokov (Bulgarian: ) is a town in Sofia Province in the southwest of Bulgaria. ... Sandanski (Bulgarian: , formerly Свети Врач, Sveti Vrach) is a town and recreation centre in southwestern Bulgaria, part of Blagoevgrad Province. ... Sevlievo is a town in north-central Bulgaria, between Sofia and Varna. ... Shumen (Bulgarian: ; Turkish: ) is a city in the northeastern part of Bulgaria, capital of Shumen Province. ... Silistra (Bulgarian: , historically Bulgarian Дръстър (Drastar, ) and Romanian Dârstor) is a port city of northeastern Bulgaria, lying on the southern side of the lower Danube at the countrys border with Romania. ... Sliven (Bulgarian: Сливен) is a town in southeast Bulgaria and the administrative centre of Sliven Province. ... Smolyan (Bulgarian: ; Turkish: or Ahiçelebi) is a town in the very south of Bulgaria, the administrative center of Smolyan Province. ... Position of Sofia in Bulgaria Coordinates: Country Bulgaria Province Sofia-City Government  - Mayor Boyko Borisov Area  - City 1,349 km²  (520. ... Stara Zagora (Bulgarian: ) is a city in the cental part of Southern Bulgaria, and represents an important economic center. ... Svishtov is a Bulgarian town at Danube river, nearly 235 km north-east from Sofia. ... A street in Targovishte TârgoviÅŸte is also a city in Romania. ... Coat of arms of Troyan Troyan (also spelled Troian, Bulgarian: Троян) is a town in central Bulgaria with population of about 30,000 and territory of 888,850 m². It is located 160km from Sofia. ... {{TownBG| Map0/catid_23]. // onal Revival]] era; and the Sts. ... Veliko Tarnovo (Bulgarian: Велико Търново; also transliterated as Veliko Turnovo) is a city in central northern Bulgaria and the administrative centre of Veliko Tarnovo Province. ... Velingrad is the most beautiful and most famous among the Bulgarian Balneological resorts. ... Vidin (Bulgarian: Видин; Romanian: Vidin, Diiu) is a town on the southern bank of the Danube in northwestern Bulgaria. ... Vratsa or Vraca or Vratza (Bulgarian: Враца) is a city in northwestern Bulgaria, at the foothills of the Balkan mountains. ... Yambol (Bulgarian: Ямбол, also transliterated as Jambol) is the principal town in Yambol Province, Bulgaria, located on the Tunzha River. ...

edit Municipalities of Pernik Province Flag of Bulgaria

Breznik | Kovachevtsi | Pernik | Radomir | Tran | Zemen Pernik Province is a province in western Bulgaria, neighbouring Serbia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... Breznik (Bulgarian Брезник) is a town in Western Bulgaria. ... Map of Bulgaria showing Radomir Radomir (Bulgarian: Радомир) is a city in the Pernik region of Bulgaria with a population of about 16,503. ... Tran (Трън) is a small town in Pernik Province, western Bulgaria. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
The town of Pernik (1459 words)
The town of Pernik is situated in a pictureque hollow in the western part of Middle Bulgaria.
Tenth and 11th century history of Pernik is associated with the legendary name of Krakra, a chieftain who twice, in 1004 and in 1016, repelled the attacks of the army of Emperor basil II.
In the year Pernik achived the status of a town (1929) a hospital with 50 hospital beds was opened near the "St. Pantaleimon" monastry, to be known today as a state pulmonary hospital.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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