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Encyclopedia > Pernambuco
Pernambuco
Flag of Pernambuco Coat of arms of Pernambuco
Capital
(and largest city)
Recife
Demonym Pernambucano
Government
 -  Governor Eduardo Campos
 -  Vice Governor João Lyra Neto
Area
 -  Total 98.311,616 km² (19th)
Population
 -  2006 estimate 8.502.603 (7th)
 -  2005 census 8.420.564 
 -  Density 86,5/km² (6th)
GDP 2005 estimate
 -  Total R$ 47.697.442 (8th)
 -  Per capita R$ 5.931 (21th)
HDI (2000) 0.705 (medium) (19th)
Abbreviation BR-PE
Time zone BRT (UTC-3)
 -  Summer (DST) BRST (UTC-2)

Pernambuco (pron. IPA: [pɛx.nɐ̃.'bu.ku] [1]) is a state of Brazil, located in the Northeast region of the country. To the north are the states of Paraíba and Ceará, to the west is Piauí, to the south are Alagoas and Bahia, and to the east is the Atlantic Ocean. The hospitable ways of the pernambucano, the natural beauties and the strong culture make the State full of attractions. There are about 185 kilometers (114 miles)of beaches, some of most beautiful of the country, as Porto de Galinhas, Carneiros and Calhetas. The capital, Recife, has one of most beautiful urban areas of the country: Boa Viagem. Together with its neighbor city of Olinda, is one of the most cosmopolitan cities of the northeastern part of Brazil. Both have European architecture, with secular casarões and churches, and kilometers of beaches and much culture. Pernambuco also has the most beautiful archipelago of Brazil, Fernando de Noronha. The proximity of the Equator guarantees an entire year of sun, with average temperatures of 26°C (78.8ºF). Image File history File links Bandeira_de_Pernambuco. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Brazil_State_Pernambuco. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Nickname: Motto: Ut luceat omnibus Latin: That it may shine on all (Matthew 5:15) Location in Brazil Country Region State Pernambuco Founded March 12, 1537 Incorporated (as village) 1709 Incorporated (as city) 1823 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Lima e Silva (PT) Area  - City 218 km² (84. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... There are 27 States of Brazil, or Estados in Portuguese, which are the federal states of Brazil, plus the Federal District which holds the capital city, Brasília. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... There are 26 States of Brazil, or Estados in Portuguese, which are the federal states of Brazil, plus the Federal District which holds the capital city, Brasília. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... There are 27 States of Brazil, or Estados in Portuguese, which are the federal states of Brazil, plus the Federal District which holds the capital city, Brasília. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... There are 26 States of Brazil, or Estados in Portuguese, which are the federal states of Brazil, plus the Federal District which holds the capital city, Brasília. ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... There are 26 States of Brazil, or Estados in Portuguese, which are the federal states of Brazil, plus the Federal District which holds the capital city, Brasília. ... This page talks about Human Developpment Index, for other HDIs see HDI (disambiguation) World map indicating Human Development Index (2007). ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... There are 26 States of Brazil, or Estados in Portuguese, which are the federal states of Brazil, plus the Federal District which holds the capital city, Brasília. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... ISO 3166-2 codes for Brazil cover 1 Federal District and 26 states. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Brazil has four time zones. ... UTC redirects here. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... For other uses, see Summer (disambiguation). ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Brazil has four time zones. ... UTC redirects here. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Brazilwood is a common name for several trees of the family Leguminosae (Pulse family) whose wood yields a red dye called brazilein. ... Look up pronunciation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Brazil is divided into twenty-six estados (states; singular estado) and one district, the Distrito Federal (Federal District) which contains the capital city, Brasília. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Flag of Paraíba See other Brazilian States Capital João Pessoa Largest City João Pessoa Area 56. ... Flag of Ceará See other Brazilian States Capital Fortaleza Largest City Fortaleza Area 148,016 km² Population   - Total   - Density 6,500,000 43. ... Capital (and largest city) Teresina Demonym Piauiense Government  -  Governor Wellington Dias  -  Vice Governor Wilson Martins Area  -  Total 251. ... Capital (and largest city) Maceió Demonym Alagoano Government  -  Governor Teotônio Vilela Filho  -  Vice Governor José Wanderley Neto Area  -  Total 27. ... Capital (and largest city) Salvador Demonym Baiano Government  -  Governor Jacques Wagner  -  Vice Governor Edmundo Pereira Santos Area  -  Total 564. ... For other uses, see Culture (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Beach (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Motto: Ut luceat omnibus Latin: That it may shine on all (Matthew 5:15) Location in Brazil Country Region State Pernambuco Founded March 12, 1537 Incorporated (as village) 1709 Incorporated (as city) 1823 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Lima e Silva (PT) Area  - City 218 km² (84. ... Boa Viagem can mean: the Portuguese greeting for good travel, equivalent to French Bon voyage. ... Igreja da Sé Ruas de Olinda Olinda (means oh beautiful) is a city in Pernambuco, Brazil, next to Recife and Paulista. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... This article is about building architecture. ... For the architectural structure, see Church (building). ... For other uses, see Culture (disambiguation). ... Aerial view of the island from the north east Image:Orthographic projection centred over Fernando de Noronha Fernando de Noronha is an archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, around 220 miles (354 km) offshore from the Brazilian coast. ... Sol redirects here. ...

Contents

Geography

Pernambuco comprises a comparatively narrow coastal zone, a high inland plateau, and an intermediate zone formed by the terraces and slopes between the two.


Its surface is much broken by the remains of the ancient plateau which has been worn down by erosion, leaving escarpments and ranges of flat-topped mountains, called chapadas, capped in places by horizontal layers of sandstone. Ranges of these chapadas form the boundary lines with three states–the Serra dos Irmaos and Serra Vermelha with Piauí, the Serra do Araripe with Ceará, and the Serra dos Cariris Velhos with Paraíba. A chapada is a flat-topped upland found in the Brazilian Highlands. ... Capital (and largest city) Teresina Demonym Piauiense Government  -  Governor Wellington Dias  -  Vice Governor Wilson Martins Area  -  Total 251. ... The Chapada do Araripe, also known as the Serra do Araripe, is a chapada (tableland) in northeastern Brazil. ... Flag of Ceará See other Brazilian States Capital Fortaleza Largest City Fortaleza Area 148,016 km² Population   - Total   - Density 6,500,000 43. ... Flag of Paraíba See other Brazilian States Capital João Pessoa Largest City João Pessoa Area 56. ...

Aurora street, in Recife Antigo, "Old Recife".
Aurora street, in Recife Antigo, "Old Recife".

The coastal area is fertile, and was formerly covered by the humid Pernambuco coastal forests, the northern extension of the Atlantic Forests (Mata Atlântica) of eastern Brazil. It is now place to extensive sugar cane plantations. It has a hot, humid climate, relieved to some extent by the south-east trade winds. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 530 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 679 pixel, file size: 121 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 530 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 679 pixel, file size: 121 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Actually not a neighborhood, but a specific area in downtown Recife. ... The Pernambuco coastal forests are a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of northeastern Brazil, part of the larger Atlantic Forest region. ... Araucaria moist forest in Curitiba, Paraná The Atlantic Forest (Mata Atlântica in Portuguese) is a region of tropical and subtropical moist forest, tropical dry forest, tropical savannas, and mangrove forests which extends along the Atlantic coast of Brazil from Rio Grande do Norte state in the north to Rio... Species Ref: ITIS 42058 as of 2004-05-05 Sugarcane is one of six species of a tall tropical southeast Asian grass (Family Poaceae) having stout fibrous jointed stalks whose sap at one time was the primary source of sugar. ...


The middle zone, called the agreste region, has a drier climate and lighter vegetation, including the semi-deciduous Pernambuco interior forests, where many trees lose their leaves in the dry season. The Pernambuco interior forests is an ecoregion of eastern Brazil. ...


The inland region, called the sertão is high, stony, and dry, and frequently devastated by prolonged droughts (secas). The climate is characterized by hot days and cool nights. There are two clearly defined seasons, a rainy season from March to June, and a dry season for the remaining months. The interior of the state is covered mostly by the dry thorny scrub vegetation called caatinga. The Rio São Francisco is the main water source for this area. In Brazil, the sertão (meaning backland in Portuguese) refers to the semi-arid region comprising parts of the states of Bahia, Pernambuco, Paraíba, Rio Grande do Norte, Ceará and Piauí. The plural of sertão is sertões. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Sertão. ... Rio São Francisco is a river in Brazil with a length of 3,160 kilometres. ...


The climate is more mild in the countryside of the state because of the Borborema Plateau ("Planalto da Borborema", popularly known as "Serra das Russas" or "Russians' Mountain"). Some towns are located more than 1000 meters above sea level, and the temperatures there can descend to 10°C (50ºF) and even 5°C (41ºF) in some cities (i.e., Triunfo) during the winter. The Borborema Plateau (Portuguese Planalto do Borborema, also known as the Serra do Borborema) is a plateau in northeastern Brazil which extends across the states of Pernambuco, Paraíba, and Rio Grande do Norte. ...

Santo Antônio Church.
Santo Antônio Church.

The island of Fernando de Noronha in the Atlantic Ocean, 535 km northeast of Recife, has been part of Pernambuco since 1988. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 468 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (500 × 640 pixel, file size: 210 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 468 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (500 × 640 pixel, file size: 210 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Aerial view of the island from the north east Image:Orthographic projection centred over Fernando de Noronha Fernando de Noronha is an archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, around 220 miles (354 km) offshore from the Brazilian coast. ... Nickname: Motto: Ut luceat omnibus Latin: That it may shine on all (Matthew 5:15) Location in Brazil Country Region State Pernambuco Founded March 12, 1537 Incorporated (as village) 1709 Incorporated (as city) 1823 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Lima e Silva (PT) Area  - City 218 km² (84. ...


The rivers of the state include a number of small plateau streams flowing southward to the São Francisco River, and several large streams in the eastern part flowing eastward to the Atlantic. The former are the Moxotó, Ema, Pajeú, Terra Nova, Brigida, Boa Vista and Pontai, and are dry channels the greater part of the year. The São Francisco River is a river in Brazil with a length of 3,160 kilometres. ... The Moxotó River is a tributary of the São Francisco River in northeastern Brazil. ... The Pajeú River is a tributary of the São Francisco River in Pernambuco state of northeastern Brazil. ... The Terra Nova River is a Canadian river in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ...


The largest of the coastal rivers are the Goiana River, which is formed by the confluence of the Tracunhaem and Capibaribe-mirim, and drains a rich agricultural region in the north-east part of the state; the Capibaribe, which has its source in the Serra de Jacarara and flows eastward to the Atlantic at Recife with a course of nearly 300 miles; the Ipojuca, which rises in the Serra de Aldeia Velha and reaches the coast south of Recife; the Serinhaen; and the Uná. A large tributary of the Uná, the Rio Jacuhipe, forms part of the boundary line with Alagoas. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Nickname: Motto: Ut luceat omnibus Latin: That it may shine on all (Matthew 5:15) Location in Brazil Country Region State Pernambuco Founded March 12, 1537 Incorporated (as village) 1709 Incorporated (as city) 1823 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Lima e Silva (PT) Area  - City 218 km² (84. ... The Uná River is a river of Pernambuco state in northeastern Brazil. ... Capital (and largest city) Maceió Demonym Alagoano Government  -  Governor Teotônio Vilela Filho  -  Vice Governor José Wanderley Neto Area  -  Total 27. ...


History

Originally inhabited by various indigenous peoples, Pernambuco was first settled by the Portuguese in the 16th century. Shortly after King João III of Portugal created the Hereditary Captaincies in 1534, Pernambuco was granted to Duarte Coelho, who arrived in Nova Lusitânia (or "New Lusitania", as the area was then known) in 1535. John III, the Pious (Port. ... Capitanias were the organisational units of the Portuguese state in its colony of Terra de Santa Cruz, or Land of the Holy Cross, which was later divided in the vice-kingdom of Brazil and that of Grão-Pará. Each was delivered to a single Capitão-Mor, who was...

Nossa Senhora do Carmo Church.
Nossa Senhora do Carmo Church.

Duarte directed military actions against the French-allied Caetê Indians and upon their defeat in 1537 established a settlement at the site of a former Marin Indian village, henceforth known as Olinda, as well as another village at Igarassu. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For the architectural structure, see Church (building). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Due to the cultivation of sugar and cotton, Pernambuco was one of the few prosperous captaincies (the other notable one being São Vincente). With the support of the Dutch East India Company, sugar mills (engenho) were built and a sugar-based economy developed. In 1612, Pernambuco produced 14,000 tons of sugar; in the 1640s, more than 24,000 tons of sugar were exported to Amsterdam alone. While the sugar industry relied at first on the labor of indigenous peoples, especially the Tupis and Tapuyas, high mortality and economic growth led to the importation of African slaves from the late 1600s. Some of these slaves escaped the sugar-producing coastal regions and formed independent inland communities called mocambos, including Palmares. Species Ref: ITIS 42058 as of 2004-05-05 Sugarcane is one of six species of a tall tropical southeast Asian grass (Family Poaceae) having stout fibrous jointed stalks whose sap at one time was the primary source of sugar. ... For other uses, see Cotton (disambiguation). ... This article is about the trading company. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... The Tupi people are one of the main ethnic groups of Brazilian indigenous people, together with the related Guaraní. They first inhabited the Amazon rainforest, then spread southward and gradually occupied the Atlantic coast. ... A mocambo was a village-sized community of runaway slaves in colonial America, particularly in colonial Brazil. ... Palmares is a municipality/county in the state of Pernambuco in Brazil. ...


In 1630, Pernambuco, as well as many Portuguese possessions in Brazil, was occupied by the Dutch. The occupation was strongly resisted and the Dutch conquest was only partially successful. In the interim, thousands of the enslaved Africans had fled to Palmares, and soon the mocambos there had grown into two significant states. The Dutch, who allowed sugar production to remain in Portuguese hands, regarded suppression of Palmares important, but they were unsuccessful.

Johan Maurits van Nassau-Siegen, count of Nassau, was appointed as ruler of the Nieuw Holland (Dutch colonization enterprise in Brazil). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... John Maurice of Nassau (Dutch: Johan Maurits van Nassau, 1604-1679) was a count of Nassau-Siegen. ... John Maurice of Nassau John Maurice of Nassau (Dutch: Johan Maurits, German: Johann Moritz, 17 June 1604 – 20 December 1679) was count and since 1674 prince of Nassau-Siegen. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Nassau's government built Maritania or Mauristaad (Recife) on delta islands, which have similarities to Holland's topography. This moved the political focus from Olinda to Recife. Nassau's Dutch administration was noted for advancements in urbanism, culture, and science. The Dutch legacy is still recognizable in Pernambuco's people, accent and architecture. Nickname: Motto: Ut luceat omnibus Latin: That it may shine on all (Matthew 5:15) Location in Brazil Country Region State Pernambuco Founded March 12, 1537 Incorporated (as village) 1709 Incorporated (as city) 1823 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Lima e Silva (PT) Area  - City 218 km² (84. ...


Portugal reconquered Recife in 1654 and Olinda regained its status of political center. However, Recife remained the commercial /port city. If the Dutch were gone, however, the threat of the now unified quilombo of Palmares remained. In spite of a treaty negotiated in 1678 with its ruler Ganga Zumba, a war between the two remained. Zumbi who became ruler following the peace treaty and later repudiated it, fought the Portuguese government until 1694 when soldiers brought from the south eventually defeated him. Ganga Zumba was the first of the leaders of Quilombo dos Palmares, in the present-day state of Alagoas, Brazil. ... Bust of Zumbi dos Palmares in Brasília. ...

In 1710 the Mascate War took place in Pernambuco. This conflict set the mascates (traveling salesman) from Recife against the establishment hosted in Olinda and led by the Senhores de Engenho (owners of the sugar mills, literally: sugar mill lords). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Igreja da Sé Ruas de Olinda Olinda (means oh beautiful) is a city in Pernambuco, Brazil, next to Recife and Paulista. ...


Pernambuco was the site of the most important rebellions and insurrections in Brazilian history, especially in the 19th century. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


1817 was the year of the Pernambucan Revolution, a republican separatist movement which resulted in the creation of the Republic of Pernambuco. The main cause of the revolution was dissatisfaction with the colonial administration. The republic was declared on March 7, 1817. After military intervention, the secession ended on May 20, 1817. The current flag of Pernambuco is actually the flag of that Republic. 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants Rebels of Pernambuco Portuguese Imperial forces Commanders Dom João of Portugal Domingos José Martins, Antônio Carlos de Andrada e Silva, Frei Caneca The Pernambucan Revolt of 1817 occurred in that province in the Northeastern region of Brazil, and was sparked mainly by the decline of sugar cane... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Separatism is a term usually applied to describe the attitudes or motivations of those seeking independence or separation of their land or region from the country that governs them. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


As a reaction to the Emperor Dom Pedro I dissolution of the Constituent Assembly, the Confederation of the Equator was set up on July 2, 1824. The Confederation was another separatist movement which encompassed the provinces of Pernambuco, Paraíba, Rio Grande do Norte, and Ceará. On November 29, 1824, the Confederated forces capitulated to the Imperial army. An emperorrefers to Nick Herringshaw, a title, empress may only indicate the wife of an emperor (empress consort. ... Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil; Pedro IV of Portugal Pedro I of Brazil, known as Dom Pedro (October 12, 1798 - September 24, 1834), proclaimed Brazil independent from Portugal and became Brazils first Emperor. ... A constituent assembly is a body elected with the purpose of drafting, and in some cases, adopting a constitution. ... Location map Capital Recife Created July 2, 1824 Dissolved November 9, 1824 The Confederation of the Equator, (Portuguese, Confederação do Equador) was a short lived state established in the northeastern region of Brazil during that nations struggle of independence against Portugal. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Flag of Paraíba See other Brazilian States Capital João Pessoa Largest City João Pessoa Area 56. ... Capital (and largest city) Natal Demonym Potiguar or Norte-rio-grandense Government  -  Governor Wilma de Faria  -  Vice Governor Iberê Paiva Ferreira de Souza Area  -  Total 52. ... Flag of Ceará See other Brazilian States Capital Fortaleza Largest City Fortaleza Area 148,016 km² Population   - Total   - Density 6,500,000 43. ... is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


Pernambuco was the site of the brief liberal republican Praieira revolt in 1848, which was Brazil's response to the European year of failed liberal revolutions. Deodoro da Fonseca, the marshal who crushed the revolt, later overthrew Emperor Pedro II, and served as the first president of the Brazilian republic. In Brazil, the Praieira revolt was a movement in Pernambuco that lasted from 1848 to 1852, linked to the unresolved conflicts remaining from the period of the Regency and local resistance to the consolidation of the Brazilian Empire that had been proclaimed in 1822. ... The European Revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Spring of Nations or the Year of Revolution, were a revolutionary wave which erupted in Sicily and then, further triggered by the revolutions of 1848 in France, soon spread to the rest of Europe and as far afield as... Deodoro da Fonseca (Manuel) Deodoro da Fonseca (August 5, 1827 - August 23, 1892) overthrew Emperor Pedro II to become the first president of a Republic of Brazil. ... Dom Pedro II (pron. ...


Demographics

Ethnic groups

A local inhabitant with carnival clothes.
A local inhabitant with carnival clothes.

According to the IBGE of 2007, there were 8.518.000 people residing in the state. The population density was 86,5 inh./km². The last PNAD (National Research for Sample of Domiciles) census revealed the following numbers: 3.151.660 million White people (37.0%), 4.707.166 million Pardo people (57.7%), 417 thousand Black people (4.9%), 34 thousand Asian or Amerindian people (0.4%).[2] Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... This article describes the festival season. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 523 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,024 × 669 pixels, file size: 153 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 523 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,024 × 669 pixels, file size: 153 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... A city-centre street in Frankfurt, Germany A residential street in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA A street is a public thoroughfare in the built environment. ... Igreja da Sé Ruas de Olinda Olinda (means oh beautiful) is a city in Pernambuco, Brazil, next to Recife and Paulista. ... IBGE, the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica), is the agency responsible for statistical, geographic, cartographic, geodetic and environmental information in Brazil. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... White Brazilians make up 49. ... In Brazil, the Pardos are a mixture of Europeans, Blacks and Amerindians, varying from light to dark complexion, as used by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) in censuses since 1950. ... Afro-Brazilian or African Brazilian is the term used to racially categorise Brazilian citizens who are black or part-black, yet it is rarely used in Brazil. ... Asian Brazilian is a Brazilian-born person of Asian descent. ... The Indigenous peoples in Brazil (provoke indía gnas in Portuguese) comprise a large number of distinct ethnic groups who inhabited the countrys present territory prior to its discovery by Europeans around 1500. ...


The majority of the Whites of the state is of Portuguese, Italian and Dutch descent. The Pardos are a mixture of Europeans with the Blacks and/or Amerindians, varying from light to dark complexion. The Blacks are of African descent. White Brazilians make up 49. ... In Brazil, the Pardos are a mixture of Europeans, Blacks and Amerindians, varying from light to dark complexion, as used by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) in censuses since 1950. ... The European peoples are the various nations and ethnic groups of Europe. ... Afro-Brazilian or African Brazilian is the term used to racially categorise Brazilian citizens who are black or part-black, yet it is rarely used in Brazil. ... The Indigenous peoples in Brazil (provoke indía gnas in Portuguese) comprise a large number of distinct ethnic groups who inhabited the countrys present territory prior to its discovery by Europeans around 1500. ... Afro-Brazilian or African Brazilian is the term used to racially categorise Brazilian citizens who are black or part-black, yet it is rarely used in Brazil. ... World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second_largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ...


Pernambuco received 2.2% of European immigrants established in Brazil.[3] The European peoples are the various nations and ethnic groups of Europe. ...


Urbanization: 75.5% (2004); Population growth: 1.2% (1991-2000); Houses: 2.252.433 (2005). Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Theoretical Human population increase from 10,000 BC – 2000 AD. Population growth is the change in population over time, and can be quantified as the change in the number of individuals in a population per unit time. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... House at Cúcuta, Colombia A house is a building typically lived in by one or more people. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Source: PNAD.


Pernambuco's demographics History

Pernambuco received thousands Portuguese people in colonial era, for be farmers or work in the commerce. Today, many Europeans are seeking 2nd residence in Pernambuco, mainly in the coastline.[4] In Recife, specially in Boa Viagem neighborhood, the Italians already are owners of many hotels and apartments.[5] For other uses, see Farm (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The European peoples are the various nations and ethnic groups of Europe. ... Nickname: Motto: Ut luceat omnibus Latin: That it may shine on all (Matthew 5:15) Location in Brazil Country Region State Pernambuco Founded March 12, 1537 Incorporated (as village) 1709 Incorporated (as city) 1823 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Lima e Silva (PT) Area  - City 218 km² (84. ... Boa Viagem can mean: the Portuguese greeting for good travel, equivalent to French Bon voyage. ...


Economy

Recife is the most important city of the state.
Recife is the most important city of the state.

The service sector is the largest component of GDP at 57.4%, followed by the industrial sector at 33.1%. Agriculture represents 9.5% of GDP (2004). Pernambuco exports: sugar 35.6%, fruit and juice 12.6%, fish and crustacean 12.3%, electric products 11.1%, chemicals 7.1%, woven 5.6% (2002). Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 190 KB) [edit] Sumário pt - Praia de Boa Viagem, em Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 190 KB) [edit] Sumário pt - Praia de Boa Viagem, em Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. ... Nickname: Motto: Ut luceat omnibus Latin: That it may shine on all (Matthew 5:15) Location in Brazil Country Region State Pernambuco Founded March 12, 1537 Incorporated (as village) 1709 Incorporated (as city) 1823 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Lima e Silva (PT) Area  - City 218 km² (84. ... The tertiary sector of industry, also called the service sector or the service industry, is one of the three main industrial categories of a developed economy, the others being the secondary industry (manufacturing and primary goods production such as agriculture), and primary industry (extraction such as mining and fishing). ... The industrial sector is generally defined as manufacturing, construction, mining, agriculture, fishing and forestry establishments. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about sugar as food and as an important and widely traded commodity. ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Juice (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... For the Dutch band, see Crustacean (band). ... A chemical substance is any material substance used in or obtained by a process in chemistry: A chemical compound is a substance consisting of two or more chemical elements that are chemically combined in fixed proportions. ... A woven is a cloth formed by weaving. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


Participation in the Brazilian economy: 2.7% (2004).[6] Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The economy itself base in the agriculture (sugarcane, manioc), livestock farming and creations, as well like in the industry (alimentary, chemical, metallurgical, electronic, textile). The state has to second bigger industrial output of the Northeast, stayed behind barely of the Bahia. In the period of October 2005 to October 2006, the industrial growth of the state was the biggest second of Brazil - 6.3%, more of the double of on average national in the same period (2.3%). Another segment that deserves highlight is the of mineral extrativism. The pole gesseiro of Araripina is the supplier from 95% of the plaster consumed in Brazil. The pole of data processing of the Recife - Digital Port - despite of created there is barely 6 years, is between the five biggest of Brazil. Employ around three thousand persons, and has 3.5% of participation in the PIB of the state. Capital (and largest city) Salvador Demonym Baiano Government  -  Governor Jacques Wagner  -  Vice Governor Edmundo Pereira Santos Area  -  Total 564. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Alcohol in Pernambuco State (Clean Air)

Pernambuco State has the 5th highest sugarcane Brazilian production. Brazil is by far the largest producer of alcohol fuel in the world, typically fermenting ethanol from sugarcane and sugar beets. The country produces a total of 18 billion liters annually, of which 3.5 billion are exported, 2 billion of them to the US. Species Saccharum arundinaceum Saccharum bengalense Saccharum edule Saccharum officinarum Saccharum procerum Saccharum ravennae Saccharum robustum Saccharum sinense Saccharum spontaneum Sugarcane or Sugar cane (Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation) of tall perennial grasses (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae), native to warm temperate to tropical... Species Saccharum arundinaceum Saccharum bengalense Saccharum edule Saccharum officinarum Saccharum procerum Saccharum ravennae Saccharum robustum Saccharum sinense Saccharum spontaneum Sugarcane or Sugar cane (Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation) of tall perennial grasses (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae), native to warm temperate to tropical... Two sugar beets - the one on the left has been cultivated to be smoother than the traditional beet, so that it traps less soil. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized...

Sugarcane in Escada, Pernambuco.
Sugarcane in Escada, Pernambuco.

Alcohol cars debuted in the Brazilian market in 1978 and became quite popular because of heavy subsidy, but in the 80's prices rose and gasoline regained the leading market share. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Species Saccharum arundinaceum Saccharum bengalense Saccharum edule Saccharum officinarum Saccharum procerum Saccharum ravennae Saccharum robustum Saccharum sinense Saccharum spontaneum Sugarcane or Sugar cane (Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation) of tall perennial grasses (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae), native to warm temperate to tropical... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ...


But from 2004 on, alcohol is rapidly rising its market share once again because of new technologies involving hybrid fuel car engines called "Flex" by all major car manufacturers (Volkswagen, General Motors, Ford, Peugeot, Honda, Citroën, Fiat, etc.). "Flex" engines work with gasoline, alcohol or any mixture of both fuels. As of February 2007, approx. 80% of new vehicles sold in Brazil are hybrid fuel. Because of the Brazilian leading production and technology, many countries became very interested in importing alcohol fuel and adopting the "Flex" vehicle concept. On March 7, 2007, US president George W. Bush visited the city of São Paulo to sign agreements with Brazilian president Lula on importing alcohol and its technology as an alternative fuel. Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A flexible-fuel vehicle (FFV) or dual-fuel vehicle (also sometimes called only flex-fuel) is an automobile that can typically alternate between two sources of fuel, with separate tanks and fuel systems for each fuel. ... VW redirects here. ... General Motors Corporation, also known as GM, an American multinational corporation, is the worlds largest auto company by production volume for the first 9 months of 2007, and by sales volume for 76 consecutive years. ... Ford may mean a number of things: A ford is a river crossing. ... Peugeot is a major French car brand, part of PSA Peugeot Citroën. ... This article is about the Japanese motor corporation. ... Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer, founded in 1919 by André Citroën. ... For other uses, see Fiat (disambiguation). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... This article is about the city. ... Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (pron. ...


Curiosity

Vehicles: 1.060.638 (jan./2006); Mobile phones: 3.7 million (2006); Telephones: 1.2 million (2006); Cities: 185 (2006). Vehicles are non-living means of transport. ... For other uses, see January (disambiguation). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Telephone (disambiguation). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A city is an urban area, differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Education

Portuguese is the official national language, and thus the primary language taught in schools. But English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... For other uses, see High school (disambiguation). ...


Colleges and Universities

The main educational installations of the state are concentrated in the capital, that count with the seventh best federal university of the country and to twentieth Monday of the Latin America, to UFPE. Pernambuco had your main universities and colleges founded in the 19th and 20th century. Some of them are known nationally. The Faculdade de Direito do Recife, or Recife's Law College, was founded in August, 11, 1827, was the first higher education institute in Brazil. Castro Alves and Joaquim Nabuco, two important people to Brazilian history, studied there. Others important institutions are: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... The Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), in English Federal University of Pernambuco, is located in Recife and was estabilished in 1946. ... Nickname: Motto: Ut luceat omnibus Latin: That it may shine on all (Matthew 5:15) Location in Brazil Country Region State Pernambuco Founded March 12, 1537 Incorporated (as village) 1709 Incorporated (as city) 1823 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Lima e Silva (PT) Area  - City 218 km² (84. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... The Federal University of Pernambuco (Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, UFPE) is public university located in Recife, Brazil, established in 1946. ... The Faculty of Law of Recife, now called Faculty of Law of the Federal University of Pernambuco, (in portuguese Faculdade de Dreito do Recife)is a higher eduation centre in the city of Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. ... Antônio de Castro Alves, more commonly known as Castro Alves, was born on March 14, 1847, in the town of Cachoeira, Bahia, Brazil. ... Joaquim Aurélio Barreto Nabuco de Araújo (August 19, 1849—January 17, 1910) was a Brazilian writer and statesman. ...

The Federal University of Pernambuco (Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, UFPE) is a public university located in Recife, Brazil, and established in 1946. ... The University of Pernambuco (Universidade de Pernambuco, UPE, former Fundação de Ensino Superior de Pernambuco FESP) is a public state university located in Recife, Pernambuco Brazil. ... The Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), in English Federal Rural University of Pernanmbuco, is located in Recife and was estabilished in 1912. ...

Festivals

Carnival in Pernambuco

2007 Carnival at Pátio de São Pedro square, in Recife.
2007 Carnival at Pátio de São Pedro square, in Recife.

The four-day period before Lent leading up to Ash Wednesday is carnival time in Brazil. Rich and poor alike forget their cares as they party in the streets. Pernambuco has large Carnival celebrations, including the Frevo, typical Pernambuco music. Another famous carnaval music style from Pernambuco is Maracatu. The cities of Recife and Olinda hold the most authentic and democratic carnaval celebrations in Brazil. The largest carnaval in all of Brazil is Galo da Madrugada, which takes place in downtown Recife in the Saturday of carnaval. Another famous event is the "Noite dos Tambores Silenciosos". Carnaval Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 1. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... This article describes the festival season. ... Nickname: Motto: Ut luceat omnibus Latin: That it may shine on all (Matthew 5:15) Location in Brazil Country Region State Pernambuco Founded March 12, 1537 Incorporated (as village) 1709 Incorporated (as city) 1823 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Lima e Silva (PT) Area  - City 218 km² (84. ... This article describes the festival season. ...

Frevo dancer.
Frevo dancer.

Recife’s joyous Carnaval is nationally known and admired, attracting thousands of people every year. The party starts a week before the official date, with electric trios “shaking” the Boa Viagem district. On Friday, people take to the streets to enjoy themselves to the sound of frevo and to dance with maracatu, ciranda, caboclinhos, afoxé, reggae and manguebeat (cultural movement created in Recife during the 90s) groups. There are still many other entertainment poles spread out around the city, featuring local and national artists. One of the highlights is Saturday when more than one million people follow the Galo da Madrugada group. From Sunday to Monday, there is the Night of the Silent Drums, on the Pátio do Terço, where Maracatus honor slaves that died in prisons. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 399 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (533 × 800 pixel, file size: 164 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 399 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (533 × 800 pixel, file size: 164 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Frevo describes is a wide range of musical styles originating from Recife, Brazil, all of which are traditionally associated with Carnaval. ...


Saint John's Day

Festa Junina was introduced to Northeastern Brazil by the Portuguese for whom St John's day (also celebrated as Midsummer Day in several European countries), on the 24th of June, is one of the oldest and most popular celebrations of the year. Festa Junina, typically termed São João (Saint John) as it is centered on that saints day, is the name of annual Brazilian celebrations (historically related to the Midsummer festivities in Europe) which take place in the beginning of the Brazilian winter, consequently during the European summer. ... Midsummer may refer to the period of time centered upon the summer solstice and the diverse celebrations of it around the world, but more often refers to European celebrations that accompany the summer solstice, or to Western festivals that take place in June and are usually related to Saint John... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...

Fireworks in Saint John's Festival.
Fireworks in Saint John's Festival.

Differently, of course, from what happens on the European Midsummer Day, the festivities in Brazil do not take place during the summer solstice but during the tropical winter solstice. The festivities traditionally begin after the 12th of June, on the eve of St Anthony's day, and last until the 29th, which is Saint Peter's day. During these fifteen days, there are bonfires, fireworks, and folk dancing in the streets. Once exclusively a rural festivity, today, in Brazil, it is largely a city festival during which people joyfully and theatrically mimic peasant stereotypes and clichés in a spirit of joke and good time. Typical refreshments and dishes are served. It should be noted that, like during Carnival, these festivities involve costumes-wearing (in this case, peasant costumes), dancing, heavy drinking, and visual spectacles (fireworks display and folk dancing). Like what happens on Midsummer and St John's Day in Europe, bonfires are a central part of these festivities in Brazil. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 911 KB) Summary A pic of Diwali fireworks. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 911 KB) Summary A pic of Diwali fireworks. ... For other uses, see Fireworks (disambiguation). ... Midsummer may refer to the period of time centered upon the summer solstice and the diverse celebrations of it around the world, but more often refers to European celebrations that accompany the summer solstice, or to Western festivals that take place in June and are usually related to Saint John... Illumination of Earth by the sun on the northern hemisphere summer solstice The summer solstice is an astronomical term regarding the position of the sun in relation to the celestial equator. ... This article is about the astronomical event of winter solstice or midwinter. ... A bonfire or balefire is a large controlled outdoor fire made from bales of straw or wood. ... For other uses, see Fireworks (disambiguation). ... Midsummer may refer to the period of time centered upon the summer solstice and the diverse celebrations of it around the world, but more often refers to European celebrations that accompany the summer solstice, or to Western festivals that take place in June and are usually related to Saint John... A bonfire or balefire is a large controlled outdoor fire made from bales of straw or wood. ...

Winter Festival

Gravatá, in the mountains.
Gravatá, in the mountains.

In the wild one and interior areas of exceptions appear - mainly cities with microclima of altitude, with temperatures that can arrive to 8°C during the winter, as Triumph, Garanhuns, Araripina and Taquaritinga of the North, that are considered Marshes of Altitude. Every year, in July, when the weather is milder, many persons of the neighboring states and of several cities of Pernambuco go for those cities for watch musicals shows in several cities of Pernambuco like Garanhuns, Gravatá, Triunfo and Taquaritinga of the North. Both national and international attractions parade in those cities. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 157 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 157 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... For other uses, see Winter (disambiguation). ... Altitude is the elevation of an object from a known level or datum. ... July is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... Portico Location of Garanhuns Garanhuns is a city in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, notable for being the hometown of Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, born in Caetés, which was a district of Garanhuns until 1963. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ...


Infrastructure

International Airport

Guararapes International Airport. The new Recife/Guararapes – Gilberto Freyre International Airport has been open since July 2004 and has 52 thousand square meters of area. The second largest airport in the North and Northeast regions, Guararapes had its capacity expanded from 1.5 million to 5 million passengers a year. Now there are 64 check-in counters, versus the former terminal’s 24. The shopping and leisure area was also totally remodeled, within the “Aeroshopping” concept, which transforms an airport into a center for business, comfort and high-quality products and services. The commercial spaces will be occupied in steps and the final total will be 142 shops. Since 2000, Recife has had the longest runway in the Northeast, at 3,305 meters. Its extension permits operations with jumbo jets, such as the Boeing 747-400, which can carry 290 passengers and 62 tons of cargo, with endurance to fly nonstop to anywhere in South and Central America, Africa and parts of Europe, the United States and Canada. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Guararapes International Airport (IATA: REC, ICAO: SBRF), also known as Gilberto Freyre International Airport, is an international airport located in the city of Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. ... Nickname: Motto: Ut luceat omnibus Latin: That it may shine on all (Matthew 5:15) Location in Brazil Country Region State Pernambuco Founded March 12, 1537 Incorporated (as village) 1709 Incorporated (as city) 1823 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Lima e Silva (PT) Area  - City 218 km² (84. ... Guararapes International Airport (IATA: REC, ICAO: SBRF), also known as Gilberto Freyre International Airport, is an international airport located in the city of Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. ... Guararapes International Airport (IATA: REC, ICAO: SBRF), also known as Gilberto Freyre International Airport, is an international airport located in the city of Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. ... Compass rose with north highlighted and at top Look up North in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A compass rose with South highlighted South is most commonly a noun, adjective, or adverb indicating direction or geography. ... For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ...


Port

Suape port. Suape serves ships 365 days a year without any restrictions in regards to tide schedules. To assist in the docking operation of the ships, the port offers a monitoring system and laser ship docking system that enables effective, secure control and upholds the same technical standards as the most important ports across the globe. The port moves over 5 million tons of cargo a year. The liquid granary (petroleum by-products, chemical products, alcohols, vegetable oils, etc.) constitutes more than 80% of the movement. The port can serve ships of up to 170,000 tpb and operational draft of 14.50m. With 27km² of backport, the internal and external ports offer the necessary conditions for serving large ships. The access canal has 5,000m of extension, 300m in width and 16.5m in length. For other uses, see Port (disambiguation). ...


Highways

Highways in Pernambuco.
Highways in Pernambuco.
  • BR-101
  • BR-104
  • BR-110
  • BR-116
  • BR-122
  • BR-232
  • BR-235
  • BR-316
  • BR-363
  • BR-407
  • BR-408
  • BR-423
  • BR-424
  • BR-428

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 557 pixelsFull resolution (900 × 627 pixel, file size: 119 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 557 pixelsFull resolution (900 × 627 pixel, file size: 119 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... For other uses, see Highway (disambiguation). ...

Tourism and recreation

Praia Sancho, beyond this beach a reserve for some 600 spinner dolphins is established in Fernando de Noronha, Pernambuco.
São Pedro dos Clérigos Cathedral, in Recife.
São Pedro dos Clérigos Cathedral, in Recife.
Mata Atlântica virgem.
Typical flower, in Pernambuco.
Typical flower, in Pernambuco.

The Pernambuco coastline is 187 km long. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 713 KB) Summary Praia Sancho, seen from a cliff on the south coast of the island. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 713 KB) Summary Praia Sancho, seen from a cliff on the south coast of the island. ... Aerial view of the island from the north east Image:Orthographic projection centred over Fernando de Noronha Fernando de Noronha is an archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, around 220 miles (354 km) offshore from the Brazilian coast. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 776 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 618 pixel, file size: 171 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 776 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 618 pixel, file size: 171 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... For other uses, see Cathedral (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Motto: Ut luceat omnibus Latin: That it may shine on all (Matthew 5:15) Location in Brazil Country Region State Pernambuco Founded March 12, 1537 Incorporated (as village) 1709 Incorporated (as city) 1823 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Lima e Silva (PT) Area  - City 218 km² (84. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 1. ... Nickname: Motto: Ut luceat omnibus Latin: That it may shine on all (Matthew 5:15) Location in Brazil Country Region State Pernambuco Founded March 12, 1537 Incorporated (as village) 1709 Incorporated (as city) 1823 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Lima e Silva (PT) Area  - City 218 km² (84. ... A composite image showing the terminator dividing night from day, running across Europe and Africa. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 338 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 338 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... A typical ecosystem of Mata Atlântica at Serra do Mar Mata Atlântica is the Atlantic Rain Forest formerly covering the wet coastal hills along the Atlantic coast of Brazil (mostly in the Serra do Mar). ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 236 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 236 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ...

Fernando de Noronha is an isolated group of 21 volcanic islands approximately 340 miles from Recife. The main islands are the visible parts of a range of submerged mountains, islets and rocks. The Archipelago of Fernando de Noronha hosts ecological sites ideal for exuberant marine animal life, due to its geographic location far from the continent and well within the path of the Southern Equatorial Currents, as well as the nature of its climate.
How to get there: by plane from Recife (545km) or from Natal (360). An environmental preservation fee is charged from tourists upon arrival.
  • Porto de Galinhas
It's famous for being one of the most beautiful beaches of the Brazilian coast, due to its landscape. Warm clear water pools scattered around its coral reefs, estuaries, mangroves, coconut trees and a number of other samples of abundant nature richness make Porto de Galinhas a place not to be missed or forgotten.
How to get there: can be reached through Highways BR-101 Sul, PE-060, PE-038 and PE-09.
If you are looking for a good beach but don't want to take a long journey to get there, Boa Viagem is the best choice. Located in the privileged southern Recife metropolitan area, Boa Viagem is the most important and frequented beach in town. It is protected by a long reef wall and has an extensive coastline.
How to get there: Boa Viagem, Recife.
  • Ilha de Itamaracá
Separated from the mainland by the Jaguaribe River, it has several highly frequented beaches. Among them are Forte Orange, Praia do Sossego and Pontal da Ilha. On the island you can visit the Marine Manatee Preservation Center.
How to get there: you can reach the island through Highway BR-101 Norte, going past Igarassu, Itapissuma, and reaching Itamaracá at km 34.
  • Maracaípe
Beach with big waves. Maracaípe hosts a phase of the Brazilian Surf Tournament. Highly frequented by surfers and neighbor to Porto de Galinhas, Maracaípe.
How to get there: can be reached through Highways BR-101 Sul, PE-060, PE-038 and PE-09.
  • Tamandaré
Small waves and fine sand can be found there. Considered by many as the best beach for bathing and swimming in Pernambuco. Easy to reach from Recife.
How to get there: through Highway BR-101 Sul, PE-060 and PE-076.
Small bay of difficult access. Searched for by many for diving.
How to get there: you can reach Calhetas through BR-101 Sul and PE-060.
  • Coroa do Avião
Famous small island, in the middle of the Jaguaribe River delta, which can be reached only by boat or raft, from Recife or Itamaracá.
How to get there: from Itamaracá only by boat or raft.

Aerial view of the island from the north east Image:Orthographic projection centred over Fernando de Noronha Fernando de Noronha is an archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, around 220 miles (354 km) offshore from the Brazilian coast. ... Boa Viagem can mean: the Portuguese greeting for good travel, equivalent to French Bon voyage. ... Tamandare Beach. ... Calhetas is a parish in the district of Ribeira Grande in the Azores. ...

Main Cities

Recife, the biggest city of the state.
Recife, the biggest city of the state.
Boa Viagem beach, in Recife.
Boa Viagem beach, in Recife.
Baobab in front of Government Palace, "Praça da República", in Recife Antigo, "Old Recife".
Baobab in front of Government Palace, "Praça da República", in Recife Antigo, "Old Recife".
  • Abreu e Lima
  • Araripina
  • Arcoverde
  • Cabo de Santo Agostinho - Where the important Suape port is situated.
  • Camaragibe
  • Carpina
  • Caruaru - Main city in the country side.
  • Condado - Condado is located at the Zona da Mata region of the state, also called Princesinha da
  • Exu
  • Floresta
  • Garanhuns - Highland city, pleasant climate.
  • Goiana
  • Gravatá - Another highland city with bland climate, known as the "Brazilian-northern Swiss" because of its weather and European-influenced architecture with Alpine-style buildings.
  • Igarassu
  • Ipojuca - It includes Porto de Galinhas beach.
  • Jaboatão dos Guararapes
  • Limoeiro
  • Moreno
  • Nazaré da Mata - Capital of the Maracatu
  • Olinda - Historical site, first capital.
  • Ouricuri
  • Palmares
  • Paulista
  • Pesqueira
  • Petrolândia
  • Petrolina
  • Recife - State capital.
  • Santa Cruz do Capibaribe
  • São Lourenço da Mata
  • Serra Talhada
  • Sertânia
  • Surubim
  • Triunfo
  • Timbaúba
  • Vitória de Santo Antão

See also: Image File history File linksMetadata RecifeBoaViagem. ... Image File history File linksMetadata RecifeBoaViagem. ... Nickname: Motto: Ut luceat omnibus Latin: That it may shine on all (Matthew 5:15) Location in Brazil Country Region State Pernambuco Founded March 12, 1537 Incorporated (as village) 1709 Incorporated (as city) 1823 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Lima e Silva (PT) Area  - City 218 km² (84. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1528 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Recife Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1528 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Recife Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Boa Viagem can mean: the Portuguese greeting for good travel, equivalent to French Bon voyage. ... Nickname: Motto: Ut luceat omnibus Latin: That it may shine on all (Matthew 5:15) Location in Brazil Country Region State Pernambuco Founded March 12, 1537 Incorporated (as village) 1709 Incorporated (as city) 1823 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Lima e Silva (PT) Area  - City 218 km² (84. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 481 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1251 × 1558 pixel, file size: 406 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 481 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1251 × 1558 pixel, file size: 406 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Actually not a neighborhood, but a specific area in downtown Recife. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Arcoverde is a town in Pernambuco, Brazil. ... Cabo de Santo Agostinho is 40 km south of the city of Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. ... Camaragibe (population 144,700) is a city in northeastern Brazil. ... Carpina is an city in Pernambuco, Brazil. ... Clay sculptures. ... Floresta is a municipality in Boyacá Department, Colombia. ... Portico Location of Garanhuns Garanhuns is a city in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, notable for being the hometown of Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, born in Caetés, which was a district of Garanhuns until 1963. ... Goiana is a city in Brazil in the northeast of the state of Pernambuco, about 65 km north of the city of Recife. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Jaboatão dos Guararapes is a city in Pernambuco, Brazil. ... Moreno is Spanish and Portuguese for a tanned or dark or brown-skinned person. ... Nazaré da Mata is a city located in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. ... Igreja da Sé Ruas de Olinda Olinda (means oh beautiful) is a city in Pernambuco, Brazil, next to Recife and Paulista. ... Palmares is a city located in the Mata Sul zone of the state of Pernambuco approximately 126 km from the state capital of Recife. ... Paulista is a city in Pernambuco, Brazil, population 294,000 (2005). ... Location of Pesqueira within Pernambuco. ... Petrolina is a city located on Pernambuco state, Brazil It is placed on the left bank of Rio São Francisco Population: 188,700 inhabitants Total area: 6. ... Nickname: Motto: Ut luceat omnibus Latin: That it may shine on all (Matthew 5:15) Location in Brazil Country Region State Pernambuco Founded March 12, 1537 Incorporated (as village) 1709 Incorporated (as city) 1823 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Lima e Silva (PT) Area  - City 218 km² (84. ... São Lourenço da Mata is a city located in the Great Recife, with population of 91. ... Serra Talhada is a city in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. ... Vitória de Santo Antão is a town in the State of Pernambuco, in Brazil. ...

Municipalities of Brazil This article is about the municipalities of Brazil. ...

Sports

The soccer in Pernambuco began in 1902, when English and Dutch sailors disembarked in Recife and played a game of soccer in the beach. The novelty awoke the interest of the people of Pernambuco, that soon passed to playing. Recife provides visitors and residents with various sport activities, the city has the pricipais teams of soccer of the state of Pernambuco. There are several soccer clubs based in Recife, such as Sport (1987 national soccer champion and 36 times state champion), Santa Cruz FC (24 times state champion), and Náutico (21 times state champion). Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 799 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1033 × 775 pixel, file size: 226 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 799 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1033 × 775 pixel, file size: 226 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Santa Cruz Futebol Clube, or simply Santa Cruz is a Brazilian football (soccer) team in Recife, Pernambuco. ... The new Wembley Stadium in London is the most expensive stadium ever built; it has a seating capacity of 90,000 This article is about the building type. ... Nickname: Motto: Ut luceat omnibus Latin: That it may shine on all (Matthew 5:15) Location in Brazil Country Region State Pernambuco Founded March 12, 1537 Incorporated (as village) 1709 Incorporated (as city) 1823 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Lima e Silva (PT) Area  - City 218 km² (84. ... Year 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Santa Cruz Futebol Clube, or simply Santa Cruz is a Brazilian football (soccer) team in Recife, Pernambuco. ... Clube Náutico Capibaribe, also known as Náutico, is a Brazilian sports club, including a professional football team, in Recife, Pernambuco. ...


Recife is one of the 18 remaining candidates to host games of the 2014 FIFA World Cup, for which Brazil is the only South American bidder. Nickname: Motto: Ut luceat omnibus Latin: That it may shine on all (Matthew 5:15) Location in Brazil Country Region State Pernambuco Founded March 12, 1537 Incorporated (as village) 1709 Incorporated (as city) 1823 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Lima e Silva (PT) Area  - City 218 km² (84. ... The 2014 FIFA World Cup will be held in Brazil[1] and will be the 20th FIFA World Cup. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...


References

  1. ^ The presented pronunciation is in Brazilian Portuguese variant spoken in Pernambuco. The European Portuguese pronunciation is: /pɨɾ.nɐ̃.'βu.ku/.
  2. ^ (2007) Síntese de Indicadores Sociais 2007 (PDF) (in Portuguese), Pernambuco, Brazil: IBGE. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Retrieved on 2007-07-18. 
  3. ^ (2003) European Immigration (PDF) (in Portuguese), Pernambuco, Brazil: Minimanual Compacto de Geografia do Brasil, Editora Rideel. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Retrieved on 2007-07-18. 
  4. ^ (2007) 2nd Residence (PDF) (in Portuguese), Pernambuco, Brazil: familiaimoveis. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Retrieved on 2007-11-28. 
  5. ^ (2007) Italians in Recife (PDF) (in Portuguese and Italian), Pernambuco, Brazil: Comunita Italiana. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Retrieved on 2007-11-28. 
  6. ^ (2004) List of Brazilian states by GDP (PDF) (in Portuguese), Pernambuco, Brazil: IBGE. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Retrieved on 2007-07-18. 

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. Brazilian Portuguese (português do Brasil in Portuguese) is a group of dialects of Portuguese written and spoken by virtually all the 190 million inhabitants of Brazil and by a couple of million Brazilian emigrants, mainly in the United States, United Kingdom, Portugal, Canada, Japan, and Paraguay. ... European Portuguese (also named Continental Portuguese or Lusitanian Portuguese) is a group of Portuguese dialects spoken in Portugal. ... IBGE, the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica), is the agency responsible for statistical, geographic, cartographic, geodetic and environmental information in Brazil. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... IBGE, the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica), is the agency responsible for statistical, geographic, cartographic, geodetic and environmental information in Brazil. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Pernambuco
  • (English) Brazil
  • (Portuguese) Official Website
  • (English) Brazilian Tourism Portal
  • (Portuguese) Tourism Official Website
  • (English) Cities of Pernambuco

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