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Encyclopedia > Permanent Council

The Permanent Council (Polish Rada Nieustająca) was the highest administrative authority in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth between 1775 and 1789 and the first modern government in Europe. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... 1775 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


The Permanent Council was created on the insistence of Catherine II of Russia, who saw it as a way to secure her influence over the internal politics of Poland. Contrary to the Sejm, which previously had the same prerogatives, the Council could not be vetoed nor disbanded. Also, it was much less prone to influence of the minor gentry. Finally, both Catherine and her embassador to Poland, O.M. Stackelberg believed, that the Council will be dominated by anti-royal magnates and that it would put an end to his push towards the reforms. H.I.M. Ekaterina II Aleksejevna the Great, Empress and Autocrat of all the Russias Catherine II (Екатерина II Алексеевна: Yekaterína II Alekséyevna, April 21, 1729 - November 6, 1796 (O.S.)), born Sophie Augusta Fredericka, known as Catherine the Great, reigned as empress of Russia from June 28, 1762, to... This article is about the lower chamber of Polish parliament. ... The word veto comes from Latin and literally means I forbid. ... Szlachta ( pronounced: [ʃlaxta]) was the noble class in Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania ( Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth). ... For a wealthy or powerful business baron, executive, or tycoon, see business magnate Magnate is a title of nobility commonly used in Sweden, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and some other medieval empires. ...

The Council was composed of the King Stanisław August Poniatowski (who acted as a modern prime minister and had two votes instead of one), 18 members of the Senat and 18 members of the Diet. The meetings were supervised by marshal Roman Ignacy Potocki. For other persons named Stanisław Poniatowski, see Stanisław Poniatowski. ... A prime minister may be either: the chief or leading member of the cabinet of the top-level government in a country having a parliamentary system of government; or the official, in countries with a semi-presidential system of government, appointed to manage the civil service and execute the directives... The Senate (Senat) is the upper house of the Polish parliament. ... Diet can refer to several things: The nutritional diet of an organism or group. ... Marszałek was one of the highest officials in the royal court since the 13th century in Poland. ... Noble Family Potocki Coat of Arms Piława Parents Eustachy Potocki Marianna Kątska Consorts Elżbieta Lubomirska Children with Elżbieta Lubomirska Krystyna Potocka Date of Birth February 28, 1750 Place of Birth Radzyn Podlaski Date of Death August 30, 1809 Place of Death Vienna Count Roman Ignacy Franciszek Potocki (generally known as...

The council was divided onto 5 separate ministeries called Departments:

  1. Foreign interests
  2. Military
  3. Police
  4. Treasury
  5. Justice

Among the prerogatives of the Council was heading the state administration, preparation of projects of laws and Sejm acts, which were later accepted by the parliament, control over law obedience and interptetation of the law. Although heavily-critisized, most notably by the so-called Patriotic Party and the Familia, the Council managed to start a period of economical prosperity in Poland and significantly strengthened the power of the monarch in Poland. It was liquidated in 1789 by the Four-Year Sejm and briefly reinstituted in 1793 by the Sejm of Grodno. However, this time it was directly headed by the Russian ambassador. This article is about the lower chamber of Polish parliament. ... Patriotic Party (Stronnictwo Patriotyczne) was a Polish political movement during the Four-Year Sejm of 1788-1792 that sought reforms aimed at bolstering Polands independence from Russia. ... Familia (The Family, from the Latin familia) was the name of a Polish political party led by the Czartoryski magnates and families allied with them, and formed toward the end of the reign of King August II (reigned 1697-1706, 1709-1733). ... 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Sejm Czteroletni (Four-Year Sejm, also known as Sejm Wielki, the Great Sejm) was a Sejm of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth held in Warsaw, inaugurated in 1788. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...

Notable members

  Results from FactBites:
Membership of the Security Council (220 words)
Presidency of the Security Council is held in turn by the members of the Security Council in the English alphabetical order of their names.
Decisions on procedural matters are made by an affirmative vote of at least nine of the 15 members.
While other organs of the United Nations make recommendations to Governments, the Council alone has the power to take decisions which Member States are obligated under the Charter to carry out.
  More results at FactBites »



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