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Encyclopedia > Perioeci

Former Spartan slaves, now free (possibly from escape). Not considered citizens but did much of the jobs that Spartan men were not allowed to do due to military obligations.

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Perioeci - LoveToKnow 1911 (469 words)
PERIOECI (rEpioucoc, those who dwell around, in the neighbourhood), in ancient Laconia the class intermediate between the Spartan citizens and the serfs or helots.
Perioeci might serve as petty officers or even rise to divisional commands, especially in the fleet, but seemingly they were never set over Spartiates.
Yet except at the beginning of the 4th century the perioeci were, so far as we can judge, fairly contented, and only two of their cities joined the insurgent helots in 464 B.C. (Thuc.
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