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Encyclopedia > People of Turkey
This article is about the Cultural historiography of the Turkey. For a statistical/ethnic distribution or snap shot see "Demographics of Turkey". Conceptual issues are cowered in Turkish people article.

The People of Turkey covers the changes to Turkish people during the 20th century. Turkey is a country that contains every extreme depiction of East and West culture and many gray tones. From the cultural view point, balkanization was the end of Ottoman Empire, however it is the beginning of the Republic of Turkey and Turkish People or People of Turkey. Image File history File links Information_icon. ... Historiography is the study of the practice of history. ... Disclaimer: It must be noted that state terminology of Turkish people is People of Turkey. Turkish people as an ethnic group is not present in Turkish official terminology. ... Language Turkish Religion Muslim or nominally Muslim, predominantly Sunni Islam, followed by Alevis. ... Language Turkish Religion Muslim or nominally Muslim, predominantly Sunni Islam, followed by Alevis. ... Balkanization is a geopolitical term originally used to describe the process of fragmentation or division of a region into smaller regions that are often hostile or non-cooperative with each other. ... Language Turkish Religion Muslim or nominally Muslim, predominantly Sunni Islam, followed by Alevis. ...


The transformation during the 20th century undeniably produced many grey colors of east-west duality in the Turkey. These besides its pains and hardships the Turkish experience in democracy was a cauldron of ideas and representations or of many different colors that exist in Turkey.

Contents

Background

The country of Turkey has been the site of wide variety of empires and has literally been a crossroads for much of Eurasia. Some of the earliest known inhabitants include the Hattians also known as Hattis, 2500-2000 BCE, who were quite possibly an aboriginal people of Anatolia. They were followed by the Hittites, 2000-1750 BCE, an Indo-European people from the steppes of modern Russia and the Ukraine, who merged with the local population. Later invaders included Phrygians, Lydians, Assyrians, Persians, Urartians, Armenians, Kurds, Greeks, Romans, Galatians, Byzantines, Mongols, Arabs and of course Turkic tribes. Most, if not all, of these groups contributed to the modern identity of the Turks, although to varying degrees. Eurasia African-Eurasian aspect of Earth Eurasia is the landmass composed of Europe and Asia. ... The Hattians were an ancient people who inhabited the land of Hatti in Asia Minor in the 3rd to 2nd millennia BC. They spoke a non-Indo-European language of uncertain affiliation called Hattic (now believed by some to be related to the Northwest Caucasian language group). ... Hatti is the reconstructed ancient name of a region in Anatolia inhabited by the Hattians between the 3rd and 2nd millennia BC, and later by the Hittites, who were at the height of their power ca 1400 BC–1200 BC. The capital city of both peoples was Hattusa (modern... Relief of Suppiluliuma II, last known king of the Hittite Empire The Hittites were an ancient people who spoke an Indo-European language, and established a kingdom centered at Hattusa (Hittite URU) in north-central Anatolia from the 18th century BC. In the 14th century BC, the Hittite empire was... The Proto-Indo-Europeans are the hypothetical speakers of the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European language, a prehistoric people of the Chalcolithic and early Bronze Age. ... In antiquity, Phrygia was a kingdom in the west central part of the Anatolian highlands, part of modern Turkey. ... See 110 Lydia for the asteroid. ... It has been suggested that Assyrian people be merged into this article or section. ... The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (locally named Fârsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ... Urartu (Biainili in Urartian) was an ancient kingdom in the mountainous plateau between Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, and Caucasus mountains, later known as the Armenian Highland, and it centered around Lake Van (present-day eastern Turkey). ... Languages Kurdish Religions Predominantly Sunni Muslim also some Shia, Yazidism, Yarsan, Judaism, Christianity Related ethnic groups other Iranian peoples (Talysh Baluch Gilak Bakhtiari Persians) The Kurds are an ethnic group who are indigenous to a region referred to as Kurdistan, an area which includes adjacent parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria... The Roman Forum was the central area around which ancient Rome developed. ... The Epistle to Galatians is a book of the Bible New Testament. ... Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered around its capital in Constantinople. ... Mongols (Mongolian: Монгол Mongol, Turkish: MoÄŸollar) are an ethnic group that originated in what is now Mongolia, Russia, and China or more specifically on the Central Asian plateau north of the Gobi desert and south of Siberia. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... This article is about the various peoples speaking one of the Turkic languages. ...


Ultimately, the linguistic and cultural contribution of the Turkic tribes cannot be ignored. Anatolia was an ethnic mosaic, a region with a wide variety of peoples, but dominated by the Greek-speaking Byzantines (who were themselves Hellenized Anatolians) and other prominent regional groups such as Armenians, Kurds, and others. Ultimately, it is difficult to speak of any ‘Turkish race’ in the diverse ethnic web of Anatolia. Race as a genetic-based social category that is in any case a concept of the XIXth century, is no longer accepted by many social scientists.


Turkey has successfully assimilated a wide variety of peoples and many reject certain ethnic or ancestral distinctions. One Turkish saying clarifies this view, "We Turks resemble ourselves." As such, official Turkish history relates the population as derived from Oghuz Turks, although in recent years many historians have put forth the possibilities of long forgotten ancestors such as the Hittites as well. The Oghuz Turks (also with various alternate spellings, including Oguz, OÄŸuz, Ouz, Okuz, Oufoi, Guozz and Ghuzz) are regarded as one of the major branches of Turkic peoples. ... Relief of Suppiluliuma II, last known king of the Hittite Empire The Hittites were an ancient people who spoke an Indo-European language, and established a kingdom centered at Hattusa (Hittite URU) in north-central Anatolia from the 18th century BC. In the 14th century BC, the Hittite empire was...

Central - a Turkish shepherd in 1920s

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1203x632, 903 KB)Anatolia shepherd File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1203x632, 903 KB)Anatolia shepherd File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Recovery from WWI

With the onset of Republic of Turkey, Turkish people found themselves in a country that was devastated. Turkish peasantry of Anatolia droped to 40% of the pre-war levels.[1].

Cholera epidemic During World War I
Turkish People resettling after World War I
A Turkish girl in Istanbul in 1920

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (813x610, 375 KB) From Constantinople settings and traits (1926) Big Chlore in Istanbul File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (813x610, 375 KB) From Constantinople settings and traits (1926) Big Chlore in Istanbul File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Franz... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (808x584, 380 KB) From Constantinople settings and traits (1926) Refugees, they had turkish flag on their arms. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (808x584, 380 KB) From Constantinople settings and traits (1926) Refugees, they had turkish flag on their arms. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Franz... Image File history File links Constantinople_settings_and_traits_(1926)-_Turkish_refugees_seeking_help. ... Image File history File links Constantinople_settings_and_traits_(1926)-_Turkish_refugees_seeking_help. ...

The State Control Area

The state support in industry (such as Sumerbank) developed under the social support Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ...


The Beginning of liberal movement

The multi-party area generates a force against the social policies of the state. Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ...


The Ozal Area

The wide liberalization movement generates a new cultural segment which was symbolized as "One night millionaires". Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ...


The EU accession Area

Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ...

See also


 
 

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