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Encyclopedia > People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals logo

People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) is an animal rights organization based in the United States. With 1.8 million members and supporters, PETA claims to be the largest animal rights group in the world.[1] Image File history File links Peta_logo. ... Animal liberation redirects here. ...


Founded in 1980 and based in Norfolk, Virginia, PETA is a nonprofit, tax exempt 501(c)(3) corporation with 187 employees,[2] and funded almost exclusively by the contributions of its members.[1] Outside the U.S., there are affiliated offices in Canada, France, Germany, India, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, South Africa, Taiwan, and the United Kingdom.[3] There is also the peta2 Street Team for high school and college-age activists.[4] Ingrid Newkirk is PETA's international president. Motto: Crescas (Latin for, Thou shalt grow. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... A non-profit organization (abbreviated NPO, or non-profit or not-for-profit) is an organization whose primary objective is to support an issue or matter of private interest or public concern for non-commercial purposes, without concern for monetary profit. ... A tax exemption is an exemption to the tax law of a state or nation in which part of the taxes that would normally be collected from an individual or an organization are instead foregone. ... 501(c) is a provision of the United States Internal Revenue Code (26 U.S.C. Â§ 501(c)), listing twenty-eight types of non-profit organizations exempt from some Federal income taxes. ... PETAs president and co-founder Ingrid Newkirk Ingrid Newkirk (born July 11, 1949) is a British-born animal rights activist, author, and president of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), the worlds largest animal rights organization. ...


PETA's slogan is "animals are not ours to eat, wear, experiment on, or use for entertainment."[1] In support of that position, it focuses on four core issues: factory farming,[5] fur farming, animal testing, and animals in entertainment. It also campaigns against fishing, the killing of animals regarded as pests, abuse of chained, backyard dogs, cock fighting, bullfighting and the consumption of meat. It aims to inform the public of its position through advertisements, undercover investigations, animal rescue, and lobbying. The factual accuracy of part of this article is disputed. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Animal testing (disambiguation). ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish by hooking, trapping, or gathering. ... Larval form of some beetle is damaging specimen of Sceliphron destillatorius in entomogical collection. ... The Cock Fight by Jean-Léon Gérôme (1847) A cockfight is a contest, held in a cockpit between two fighting cocks (roosters) trained to severely injure and/or kill one another. ... Bullfighting, Edouard Manet, 1865-1866. ...


The organization has been criticized for some of its campaigns, for the actions of some of its employees regarding their treatment of animals,[6] and for the number of animals it euthanizes. It was also criticized in 2005 by American Senator James M. Inhofe for having acted as a "spokesgroup" for the Earth Liberation Front and Animal Liberation Front, after activists associated with those groups had committed what Inhofe called "acts of terrorism."[7] Put down redirects here you may be looking for Insult This article is about euthanasia of animals. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... James Mountain Inhofe (born November 17, 1934) is an American politician from Oklahoma. ... The Earth Liberation Front (ELF) is the collective name for anonymous and autonomous groups that, according to the now defunct Earth Liberation Front Press Office (ELFPO), use direct action in the form of economic sabotage to stop the exploitation and destruction of the natural environment. ... Beagles stolen by British ALF activists from a testing laboratory owned by the Boots Group. ...

Animal rights

Activists
Greg Avery · David Barbarash
Rod Coronado · Barry Horne
Ronnie Lee · Keith Mann
Ingrid Newkirk · Andrew Tyler
Jerry Vlasak · Robin Webb Animal liberation redirects here. ... Image File history File links Olive_baboon1. ... Greg Avery (born 1963), also known as Greg Jennings and Greg Harrison, is a British animal rights activist and co-founder of Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty (SHAC), an international campaign to force the closure of Huntingdon Life Sciences (HLS), a controversial animal-testing company with bases in Huntingdon, England, and... David Barbarash is the North American press officer for the Animal Liberation Front. ... Rod Coronado Rodney Adam Coronado is an American eco-anarchist and animal rights activist who has been convicted of arson, conspiracy and other crimes in connection with his activism but now advocates non-violent action. ... Barry Horne Barry Horne was a British animal rights activist who died of kidney failure in Ronkswood Hospital, Worcester on November 5, 2001, following a series of four hunger strikes while serving an 18-year sentence for planting incendiary devices. ... Ronnie Lee is a British animal rights activist, and founder of the Animal Liberation Front. ... Keith Mann is a British animal-rights campaigner, believed to be a senior Animal Liberation Front activist. ... PETAs president and co-founder Ingrid Newkirk Ingrid Newkirk (born July 11, 1949) is a British-born animal rights activist, author, and president of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), the worlds largest animal rights organization. ... Andrew Tyler is the director of Animal Aid, the UKs largest animal rights organization. ... Jerry Vlasak is a U.S. physician and prominent member of several controversial nonprofit organizations, including Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine and the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society. ... Robin Webb appearing on Channel 4s Dispatches Robin Webb runs the Animal Liberation Press Office in the UK. He was previously a member of the ruling council of the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA), and a director of Animal Aid. ...

Groups/campaigns
Animal Aid
Animal Liberation Front
Animal liberation movement
Animal Rights Militia
BUAV
Great Ape Project
Justice Department
PETA
Physicians Committee
Primate Freedom Project
Save the Newchurch Guinea Pigs
SPEAK
Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty
Viva! Animal Aid logo Animal Aid is the United Kingdoms largest animal rights group and one of the longest established in the world, having been founded in 1977. ... Beagles stolen by British ALF activists from a testing laboratory owned by the Boots Group. ... For the concept, see Animal rights The animal liberation movement or animal rights movement, sometimes called the animal personhood movement and animal advocacy movement, is the global movement of activists, academics, lawyers, campaigns, and organized groups who oppose the use of non-human animals in research, as food, as clothing... The Animal Rights Militia (ARM) is a name used by animal-rights activists who are prepared to carry out acts of violence against human beings. ... The British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection is a pressure group based near Highbury Corner in North London, United Kingdom that campaigns peacefully against vivisection. ... The logo of The Great Ape Project, which aims to expand moral equality to great apes, and to foster greater understanding of them by humans. ... The Justice Department is a militant animal-rights organization, set up in Britain in 1993, and active there and in the United States. ... The Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM) is a non-profit organization based in Washington, D.C., that promotes preventive medicine, conducts clinical research, and encourages higher standards for ethics and effectiveness in research. ... The Primate Freedom Project is a 501(c)3 not for profit grassroots abolitionist animal rights organization based in Atlanta, Georgia. ... A dying guinea pig. ... SPEAK, the Voice for the Animals is a British animal rights campaign that aims to end animal experimentation and vivisection in the UK. Its current focus is opposition to a new animal testing center being built by Oxford University. ... A monkey inside Huntingdon Life Sciences in the United States. ... Viva!, or Vegetarians International Voice For Animals, Founded by Juliet Gellatley in 1995, is an animal-rights based organisation which promotes vegetarianism and veganism. ...

Issues
Animal Enterprise Terrorism Act
Animal rights
Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act
Animal testing · Bile bear
Factory farming
Great Ape research ban
International trade in primates
Nafovanny
Non-human primate experiments
Open rescue
Operation Backfire
Speciesism Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Animal liberation redirects here. ... The Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act (ASPA) is a law passed by the U.K. parliament in 1986, which regulates the use of laboratory animals in the U.K. Fundamentally, actions that have the potential of causing pain, distress or lasting harm to animals are illegal in the U.K. under... For other uses, see Animal testing (disambiguation). ... A bile bear in Huizhou Farm, Vietnam. ... The factual accuracy of part of this article is disputed. ... A Great Ape research ban, or severe restrictions on the use of non-human great apes in research, is currently in place in the Netherlands, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Germany and Japan, and has been proposed in Austria. ... The international trade in primates sees 32,000 wild-caught primates sold on the international market every year. ... Nafovannys maternity clinic. ... Filmed by PETA, Covance primate-testing lab, Vienna, Virginia, 2004-5. ... Open rescue is a term for a form of direct action practiced by certain animal rights and animal welfare activists. ... Operation Backfire is an ongoing multi-agency criminal investigation, led by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), into violent acts in the name of animal rights and environmental causes in the United States [1]. // Background In 2004 the FBI merged seven independent investigations from its Portland, Oregon field office and... The relevance of particular information in (or previously in) this article or section is disputed. ...

Cases
Britches
Cambridge University primates
Covance · Huntingdon Life Sciences
Pit of despair · Silver Spring monkeys
Unnecessary Fuss Britches after being removed from the laboratory by the Animal Liberation Front Britches was the name given by researchers to a stumptail macaque monkey who was born into a breeding colony at the University of California, Riverside in March 1985. ... A marmoset inside Cambridge University, filmed by BUAV The use of primates in experiments at Cambridge University is controversial, first coming to widespread public attention in the UK following undercover investigations lasting ten months in 1998 by the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection (BUAV), the results of which... Covance (NYSE: CVD), formerly Hazleton Laboratories, with headquarters in Princeton, New Jersey, is one of the worlds largest and most comprehensive drug development services companies, according to its own website, with annual revenues over $1 billion, global operations in 17 countries, and approximately 6,700 employees worldwide. ... Huntingdon Life Sciences (HLS) is a contract animal-testing company founded in 1952 in England, now with facilities in Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire and Eye, Suffolk in the UK; New Jersey in the U.S.; and in Japan. ... Harry Harlows pit of despair The pit of despair, or vertical chamber, was a device used in experiments conducted on rhesus macaque monkeys during the 1970s by American comparative psychologist Harry Harlow and his students at the University of Wisconsin. ... The Silver Spring monkeys were 17 monkeys kept in small wire cages inside the Institute of Behavioral Research in Silver Spring, Maryland, by Dr. Edward Taub, who was researching regeneration of severed nerves with a grant from the National Institute of Health (NIH). ... Unnecessary Fuss is the name of a film produced by Ingrid Newkirk and Alex Pacheco of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), showing footage shot inside the University of Pennsylvanias Head Injury Clinic in Philadelphia, described by the university as the longest standing and most respected center...

Writers/advocates
Steven Best · Stephen R.L. Clark
Gary Francione · Gill Langley
Tom Regan · Richard D. Ryder
Peter Singer · Steven M. Wise Image:Steven best. ... Dr. Stephen Clark Stephen Richard Lyster Clark (born October 30, 1945) is a British philosopher and international authority on animal rights, currently professor of philosophy and Leverhulme Research Fellow at the University of Liverpool. ... Gary Lawrence Francione (1954) is an American law professor at Rutgers University. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Tom Regan (born November 28, 1938 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is an American philosopher and animal-rights activist. ... Richard D. Ryder (born 1940) is a British psychologist who, after performing psychology experiments on animals, began to speak out against the practice, and became one of the pioneers of the modern animal liberation and animal rights movements. ... For other persons named Peter Singer, see Peter Singer (disambiguation). ... Steven M. Wise is the author of Though the Heavens May Fall, a book concerning the 18th century trial in England which led to the abolition of slavery. ...

Films
Behind the Mask · Earthlings Behind the Mask: The Story Of The People Who Risk Everything To Save Animals is a 2006 documentary film about the Animal Liberation Front. ... Earthlings is a 2005 multi-award winning documentary written, produced and directed by Shaun Monson and co-produced by Persia White. ...

Categories
Animal testing
Animal Liberation Front
Animal rights
Animal rights movement

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Contents

Profile

In PETA's 2004 annual review, Newkirk stated:

Everyone eats, so we have done our best not only to reform the worst abuses in factory farming and slaughterhouses, but to promote a compassionate vegan diet, providing all the resources, from recipes to health tips, that a person could ever need. We have also revolutionized the way some companies do business, getting them to stop selling fur, boycott Australian merino wool, and abandon painful animal-poisoning tests in favor of sophisticated non-animal methods. We have shown how to prevent flooding without destroying beavers' homes and how to prevent birds from entering "big box" stores without using cruel glue traps. In the past year alone, former circus and zoo elephants were sent to sanctuaries, hog-dog rodeos were banned, and cruel companies were fined. We also educated millions of kids about animal rights through our teacher network and education programs. For the Batman villain, see Abattoir (comics). ... “Vegan” redirects here. ... This article is about the breed of sheep. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Hog-baiting, aka Hog dogging, Hog-dog fighting, or Hog-dog rodeo is a bloodsport involving the baiting of a hog or boar. ...

Ingrid Newkirk "PETA annual review 2004", Peta.org.

History

Founded in 1980, PETA first came to public attention in 1981 during what became known as the Silver Spring monkeys case.[8] Alex Pacheco (PETA co-founder with Ingrid Newkirk), conducted an undercover investigation inside a primate research laboratory at the Institute of Behavioral Research in Silver Spring, Maryland. The lead researcher, Dr. Edward Taub, was studying regeneration of severed nerves by cutting nerves in the limbs of 17 monkeys, then applying electric shocks, physical restraint of intact limbs, and withholding food to see what, if anything, would force them to use the damaged limbs.[9] Pacheco visited the institute at night and took photographs that showed the monkeys were living in "filthy conditions," according to the Institute for Animal Research's ILAR Journal.[10] He turned his evidence over to the police, who raided the lab and arrested Taub. Taub was later convicted of six counts of animal cruelty, the first conviction in the U.S. of a research scientist, although it was later overturned on appeal. The Silver Spring monkeys were 17 monkeys kept in small wire cages inside the Institute of Behavioral Research in Silver Spring, Maryland, by Dr. Edward Taub, who was researching regeneration of severed nerves with a grant from the National Institute of Health (NIH). ... Alex Pacheco is an animal rights activist and co-founder (and former chairman) of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA). ... PETAs president and co-founder Ingrid Newkirk Ingrid Newkirk (born July 11, 1949) is a British-born animal rights activist, author, and president of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), the worlds largest animal rights organization. ... Families 15, See classification A primate is any member of the biological order Primates, the group that contains all the species commonly related to the lemurs, monkeys, and apes, with the latter category including humans. ... Not to be confused with Silver Springs. ... Nerves (yellow) Nerves redirects here. ...

PETA believes that ... like you ... [animals] are capable of suffering and have an interest in leading their own lives; therefore, they are not ours to use — for food, clothing, entertainment, experimentation, or any other reason. — People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals [11]

The case, which lasted ten years, led to the amendment of the Animal Welfare Act in 1985,[12][13] and became the first animal-testing case to be argued before the United States Supreme Court,[8] which unanimously rejected PETA's application for custody of some of the monkeys. They remained instead with the National Institutes of Health, which had funded Taub's research, until they died or were euthanized.[10][14] Findings were made by the examining veterinarians that "the animals were suffering and in danger of serious life-threatening injuries due to their deteriorating health," and euthanasia was recommended by the primate center's blue ribbon panel of animal care experts and the Louisiana SPCA. PETA and other animal rights groups pleaded for the animals' lives, contending that their condition did not warrant euthanasia and that "they could live safely, humanely, and comfortably if transferred to a suitable facility."[citation needed]The director of the Delta Regional Primate Center said: “They still blocked the euthanasia with court action. They are going to fight very hard for every monkey because the more publicity they get, the more money they bring in.”[15] Ultimately, PETA's efforts to save the animals failed, and they were euthanized when the appeal was denied.[16][17] The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States... National Institutes of Health Building 50 at NIH Clinical Center - Building 10 The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services and is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical research. ... For mercy killings not performed on humans, see animal euthanasia. ... Look up veterinarian in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... The SPCA (Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals) is an acronym used to refer to a number of national societies to protect and provide shelter to animals in danger. ...


The case defined PETA as an activist group that was able and willing to use undercover methods, the courts, and the media to try and achieve its aims.


Philosophy and activism

See also List of notable supporters of PETA and List of notable opponents of PETA

The organization is known for its undercover investigations and aggressive media campaigns. Newkirk has said of PETA's campaign strategy: "How do we pick our battles? By trying to touch the public imagination, the public heart, and by choosing targets that will result in great change for large numbers of animals and set an example for others to follow when we win our battles with them."[citation needed] Main article: People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals This is an incomplete list of (mostly media-related) personalities, dead and alive, past and present, who have all accepted to endorse one or several of PETAs causes through an ad campaign, participation in a video, or similar acts. ... Main article: People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals This is an incomplete list of (mostly media-related) personalities, dead and alive, past and present, who have all voiced criticism of PETAs actions or causes through an ad campaign, participation in a video, or similar acts. ...


Many of PETA's campaigns have focused on large corporations, such as KFC, McDonald's, Wendy's, Burger King, PETCO, Procter & Gamble, Covance, and Huntingdon Life Sciences (HLS). PETA now focuses on KFC, and has launched the website kentuckyfriedcruelty.com.[18] In 1997, PETA initiated what has become an international, and sometimes violent, campaign against HLS, when video footage shot covertly inside the company by PETA investigator Michele Rokke[19] was aired on British television, showing staff beating the beagles in their care.[20] When HLS threatened legal action, PETA was forced to retreat from the campaign, fearing crippling costs, and Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty, a loose affiliation of activists with links to other groups, took its place.[19] KFC, also known as Kentucky Fried Chicken, is a food chain based in Louisville, Kentucky, known mainly for its fried chicken. ... McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants, primarily selling hamburgers, chicken, french fries, milkshakes and soft drinks. ... Wendy is a female name which may be used as a short form for Gwendolyn, or in its own right. ... Burger King (NYSE: BKC), often abbreviated to BK, is a global chain of hamburger fast food restaurants. ... PETCO is a chain of retail stores that offers pet supplies and services such as grooming and dog training. ... Procter & Gamble Co. ... Covance (NYSE: CVD), formerly Hazleton Laboratories, with headquarters in Princeton, New Jersey, is one of the worlds largest and most comprehensive drug development services companies, according to its own website, with annual revenues over $1 billion, global operations in 17 countries, and approximately 6,700 employees worldwide. ... Huntingdon Life Sciences (HLS) is a contract animal-testing company founded in 1952 in England, now with facilities in Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire and Eye, Suffolk in the UK; New Jersey in the U.S.; and in Japan. ... A monkey inside Huntingdon Life Sciences in the United States. ...

PETA's president and co-founder Ingrid Newkirk.
PETA's president and co-founder Ingrid Newkirk.
Thinkers may prepare revolutions, but bandits must carry them out. — Ingrid Newkirk [21]

Ingrid Newkirk is firm in her support of direct action. Both she and PETA have been criticized for providing financial support to Animal Liberation Front (ALF) activists when they were faced with legal action against them. The Observer noted what it calls a "network of relationships between seemly unconnected animal rights groups on both sides of the Atlantic,"[19] writing that, with assets of $6.5 million, and with the PETA Foundation holding further assets of $15 million, PETA funds individual activists and activist groups, some with "links to extremists."[19] This includes links to the ALF and Earth Liberation Front (ELF), which the Counterterrorism department of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation have named as "special interest extremism organizations" and "as a serious terrorist threat.[22] Image File history File links IngridNewkirk. ... Image File history File links IngridNewkirk. ... PETAs president and co-founder Ingrid Newkirk Ingrid Newkirk (born July 11, 1949) is a British-born animal rights activist, author, and president of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), the worlds largest animal rights organization. ... PETAs president and co-founder Ingrid Newkirk Ingrid Newkirk (born July 11, 1949) is a British-born animal rights activist, author, and president of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), the worlds largest animal rights organization. ... PETAs president and co-founder Ingrid Newkirk Ingrid Newkirk (born July 11, 1949) is a British-born animal rights activist, author, and president of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), the worlds largest animal rights organization. ... Direct action is a form of political activism which seeks immediate remedy for perceived ills, as opposed to indirect actions such as electing representatives who promise to provide remedy at some later date. ... Beagles stolen by British ALF activists from a testing laboratory owned by the Boots Group. ... The Earth Liberation Front (ELF) is the collective name for anonymous and autonomous groups that, according to the now defunct Earth Liberation Front Press Office (ELFPO), use direct action in the form of economic sabotage to stop the exploitation and destruction of the natural environment. ... F.B.I. and FBI redirect here. ...


Rod Coronado, a former ALF activist, received $64,000 from the group and two months later another $38,240 as a loan which has never been paid back to fund his legal defense when he was convicted of having set fire to a Michigan State University research lab in 1992. PETA claimed a tax refund from the Internal Revenue Service for the donation after the arson took place.[23][19] PETA is also alleged to have donated $1.3 million to the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM),[19] an organization that promotes the use of alternatives to animal testing, but which has been criticized for its links with the ALF, and in particular with Dr. Jerry Vlasak, a trauma surgeon who runs the North American Animal Liberation Press Office.[24] PETA also gave $5,000 to the Josh Harper Support Committee, before Harper was convicted of "animal enterprise terrorism" in the U.S. in connection with the Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty campaign[25] and, according to the New York Post, gave $1,500 to the ELF in 2001.[26] Newkirk said of the ELF donation that it was a mistake, and that the money was supposed to be used for "public education about destruction of habitat."[26] According to the Southern Poverty Law Center, PETA also provided $7,500 to Fran Trutt, convicted of the attempted murder of Leon Hirsch, the CEO of the United States Surgical Corporation.[27] Rod Coronado Rodney Adam Coronado is an American eco-anarchist and animal rights activist who has been convicted of arson, conspiracy and other crimes in connection with his activism but now advocates non-violent action. ... Seal of the Internal Revenue Service Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Part of the Taxation series        “IRS” redirects here. ... The Skyline Parkway Motel in Afton, Virginia after an arson fire on July 9, 2004. ... The Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM) is a non-profit organization based in Washington, D.C., that promotes preventive medicine, conducts clinical research, and encourages higher standards for ethics and effectiveness in research. ... Jerry Vlasak is a U.S. physician and prominent member of several controversial nonprofit organizations, including Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine and the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society. ... The Animal Liberation Press Office was set up in October 1991 to relay information to the media about direct action undertaken by the Animal Liberation Front, the Animal Rights Militia, the Justice Department, and other radical animal-rights groups. ... The Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) is an American non-profit legal organization, whose stated purpose is to combat racism and promote civil rights through research, education and litigation. ... Tyco Healthcare was the former healthcare division of Tyco International Ltd. ...


In general, Newkirk makes no apology for PETA's support of activists who may break the law, writing that "no movement for social change has ever succeeded without 'the militarism component'." Of the Animal Liberation Front, she writes: "Thinkers may prepare revolutions, but bandits must carry them out." [21]

Not until black demonstrators resorted to violence did the national government work seriously for civil rights legislation ... In 1850 white abolitionists, having given up on peaceful means, began to encourage and engage in actions that disrupted plantation operations and liberated slaves. Was that all wrong?Ingrid Newkirk [21]

During an event funded by several animal rights groups, including PETA, PETA's vegan campaigns director Bruce Friedrich said: "If we really believe that animals have the same right to be free from pain and suffering at our hands, then of course we're going to be blowing things up and smashing windows. ... I think it's a great way to bring about animal liberation, considering the level of suffering, the atrocities. I think it would be great if all of the fast-food outlets, slaughterhouses, these laboratories, and the banks that fund them, exploded tomorrow."[28] PETAs president and co-founder Ingrid Newkirk Ingrid Newkirk (born July 11, 1949) is a British-born animal rights activist, author, and president of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), the worlds largest animal rights organization. ... Bruce Friedrich is the vegan campaign coordinator for People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA). ...


PETA members have themselves crossed the line between campaigning and direct action, particularly in their long-standing efforts to halt the fur industry,[29] which has involved disrupting fashion shows and throwing paint at fur coats.[30] In 1996, PETA activists famously threw a dead raccoon onto the table of Anna Wintour, the editor-in-chief of Vogue, who promotes the use of fur in fashion, while she was dining at the Four Seasons in New York, and left bloody paw prints and the words "Fur Hag" on the steps of her home. PETA supporters have also pied Wintour more than once,[31] and a member delivered a package of maggot-infested innards to her office in April 2000, explaining in a press release that "Anna stole this animal’s skin and his life, she might as well have his guts."[32] Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Common Raccoon native range in red, feral range in blue. ... Anna Wintour (born November 3, 1949, in London) has been the editor-in-chief of American Vogue since 1988. ... For other meanings, see vogue. ... The Four Seasons can refer to: The annual cycle of the astronomical, geographic, and climatic phenomenon of season The Four Seasons, a singing group led by Frankie Valli; The Four Seasons, the collective name for four violin concertos by Antonio Vivaldi; The Four Seasons, the collective name for four tangos... Pieing is the act of throwing a pie at someone. ...


Campaigning

Christy Turlington during PETA's "I'd rather go naked than wear fur" campaign
Christy Turlington during PETA's "I'd rather go naked than wear fur" campaign[33]

PETA is best known for its highly visible, often controversial campaigns. (See below.) The Lettuce Ladies, young women dressed in bikinis which appear to be made of lettuce, gather in city centers to hand out leaflets about veganism. Every year the "Running of the Nudes" campaign sees PETA activists run naked through Pamplona, Spain in a parody of the annual Running of the Bulls tradition.[34] Supermodels such as Christy Turlington and Naomi Campbell have posed naked on billboards with the slogan "I'd Rather Go Naked than Wear Fur" emblazoned across their chests.[35] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Christy Nicole Turlington (born January 2, 1969 in Walnut Creek, California) is an American supermodel best known for representing Calvin Klein fragrances since 1987. ... People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals logo People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) is an animal rights organization based in the United States. ... “Vegan” redirects here. ... Pamplona (Basque: Iruñea or Iruña) is the capital city of Navarre, Spain. ... FUCK ME U DIRSTY MOTHER FUCKER {otheruses4|the Spanish tradition|other uses|Bull run}} An encierro in Pastrana, Spain. ... Christy Nicole Turlington (born January 2, 1969 in Walnut Creek, California) is an American supermodel best known for representing Calvin Klein fragrances since 1987. ... Naomi Campbell (born May 22, 1970) is an English supermodel, actress, singer, and author of Black Jamaican/Chinese descent. ...


PETA's campaigning tactics were described as not "much different than blackmail" in 2005 by Dr Len Stevens, the CEO of Australian Wool Innovations body.[36]. A similar worded accusation in a 60 minutes interview that "They were blackmailed by you" was dismissed by PETA representative Ingrid Newkirk as "It doesn't matter" so long as "They are on board" (referring to PETA achieving its boycott goal).[37]

Holocaust-Campaign by PETA
Holocaust-Campaign by PETA

Other campaigns are hard-hitting and controversial. The 2003 Holocaust on your Plate exhibition,[38] consisted of eight 60-square-foot panels, each juxtaposing images of the Holocaust with images of factory farming. Photographs of concentration camp inmates in wooden bunks were shown next to photographs of caged chickens, and piled bodies of Holocaust victims next to a pile of pig carcasses. Captions alleged that "like the Jews murdered in concentration camps, animals are terrorized when they are housed in huge filthy warehouses and rounded up for shipment to slaughter. The leather sofa and handbag are the moral equivalent of the lampshades made from the skins of people killed in the death camps."[39] Image File history File links Holocaust_plate. ... Image File history File links Holocaust_plate. ... PETA shows an image of children behind bars in a concentration camp next to a pen filled with pigs. ... For other uses, see Holocaust (disambiguation) and Shoah (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Internment be merged into this article or section. ... The extermination camps were the facilities set up by Nazi Germany in World War II for the express purpose of killing the Jews of Europe. ...

(The exhibition) was "outrageous, offensive and takes chutzpah to new heights ... The effort by Peta to compare the deliberate systematic murder of millions of Jews to the issue of animal rights is abhorrent.. — Abraham Foxman, chairman of the Jewish Anti-Defamation League. [38]

The creator of the campaign, Matt Prescott, who is Jewish and lost several relatives in the Holocaust, told The Guardian: "The very same mindset that made the Holocaust possible — that we can do anything we want to those we decide are 'different or inferior' — is what allows us to commit atrocities against animals every single day. ... The fact is, all animals feel pain, fear and loneliness. We're asking people to recognise that what Jews and others went through in the Holocaust is what animals go through every day in factory farms."[38] The project's website cited Jewish Nobel laureate Isaac Bashevis Singer, who wrote of animals: "In relation to them, all people are Nazis; for the animals it is an eternal Treblinka."[40][41] The Jewish Anti-Defamation League denounced the campaign.[42] The chairman of the ADL, Abraham Foxman said the exhibition, was "outrageous, offensive and takes chutzpah to new heights ... The effort by Peta to compare the deliberate systematic murder of millions of Jews to the issue of animal rights is abhorrent."[38] PETA has since apologized for this campaign. In a statement to the ADL, Ingrid Newkirk said she realized that the campaign had caused pain: "This was never our intention, and we are deeply sorry."[43] Look up Chutzpah in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Abraham Henry Foxman (born 1940) is the current National Director and chairman of the Anti-Defamation League of Bnai Brith. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... Treblinka is a small village in the Mazowieckie voivodship (province) of Poland. ... The Anti-Defamation League (or ADL) is an advocacy group founded by Bnai Brith in the United States whose stated aim is to stop, by appeals to reason and conscience and, if necessary, by appeals to law, the defamation of the Jewish people. ... Abraham Henry Foxman (born 1940) is the current National Director and chairman of the Anti-Defamation League of Bnai Brith. ... Look up Chutzpah in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


PETA has used Holocaust imagery before. A television public service announcement entitled "They Came for Us at Night," which aired on U.S. cable networks and in Warsaw, Poland, in July 2003, "showed the outside world through the slats of a boxcar and is narrated by a man (with an accent) who describes the plight of being transported with no food and water," according to the Anti-Defamation League, and drew an analogy between the plight of animals being transported to their deaths in cattle cars with Jews in the same situation during the Holocaust.[43] Newkirk has been quoted as saying "Six million Jews died in concentration camps, but six billion broiler chickens will die this year in slaughterhouses."[44]


The organization was criticized again in 2003 when Newkirk sent a letter [45] to then-PLO leader Yasser Arafat in response to a Jerusalem bombing attack, in which a donkey was loaded with explosives and blown up.[46] After being "bombarded with calls," according to a PETA spokesperson, Newkirk asked Arafat to appeal to those involved in the attacks to keep animals out of the conflict. When criticized for involving herself on behalf of the non-human victims only, Newkirk told the Washington Post: "It's not my business to inject myself into human wars."[47] Regarding PETA's controversial campaigns, Newkirk has said: Not to be confused with Yasir Arafat (cricketer). ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... There have been several documented incidents of donkeys and mules being used to deliver bombs. ...

The fact is we are the biggest group because we succeed in getting attention. ... The fact is we may be doing all sorts of things on a campaign but the one thing that gets attention is the outrageous thing. It simply goes to prove to us each time, that that is the thing that’s going to work; and so we won’t shirk from doing that facet — in addition to all the other things we do that you never hear about because no one cares.

Ingrid Newkirk, Satya, January, 2001

Many of the campaigns bear fruit for PETA. Burger King,[48] McDonalds,[49] Wendy's,[50] Petco,[51] and in 2006, after talks with PETA, Polo Ralph Lauren announced that it would no longer use fur in any of its lines.[52] Burger King (NYSE: BKC), often abbreviated to BK, is a global chain of hamburger fast food restaurants. ... McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants [1]. Although McDonalds did not invent the hamburger or fast food, its name has become nearly synonymous with both. ... Wendys is an international chain of fast food restaurants founded by Dave Thomas that sells primarily hamburgers, chicken sandwiches, french fries and beverages. ... PETCO is a chain of retail stores that offers pet supplies and services such as grooming and dog training. ... Polo Ralph Lauren (NYSE: RL) is American fashion designer Ralph Laurens luxury lifestyle company. ...


Undercover investigations

One of PETA's primary aims is to document the treatment of animals in research laboratories and other facilities where animals are used. To achieve this, it sends its employees into laboratories, circuses, and onto farms, sometimes requiring them to spend many months undercover, filming and otherwise documenting their experiences.[53] For other uses, see Animal testing (disambiguation). ...


PETA does not itself engage in raids on facilities to free animals, but it receives and publicizes tapes recorded by the ALF during the latter's raids, arranging to meet with ALF activists to receive video footage and documentation, or having them forward it via a third party.[8] This practice has led to criticism, as the raids are sometimes violent and may involve the destruction of property, and there has been one allegation that PETA may have had advance knowledge of an attack. In 1995, during the trial of ALF activist Rod Coronado for an arson attack on Michigan State University, U.S. Attorney Michael Dettmer alleged in a sentencing memorandum that Ingrid Newkirk had arranged, "days before the MSU arson occurred," to have Coronado send her documents from the lab and a videotape of the raid.[54] Michigan State University (MSU) is a co-educational public research university in East Lansing, Michigan USA. Founded in 1855, it was the pioneer land-grant institution and served as a model for future land-grant colleges in the United States under the 1862 Morrill Act. ...

A monkey in a restraint tube filmed by PETA in Covance laboratory in Vienna, Virginia, 2004–2005 [4]
A monkey in a restraint tube filmed by PETA in Covance laboratory in Vienna, Virginia, 2004–2005 [4]

Many of PETA's investigations have led to legal action against the target companies. PETA conducted an undercover investigation of Covance, a drug development services company, from April 2003 until March 2004, obtaining video footage that a British judge called "highly disturbing."[55] The evidence, which PETA submitted to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), appeared to show monkeys being hit, tormented, and humiliated.[56] According to PETA's website, Covance was subsequently fined for violations of the U.S. Animal Welfare Act based on PETA's documentation.[55] However, Covance was cleared of lab maltreatment charges in Germany, where the incident was filmed; Covance maintains that the footage was edited together to exaggerate evidence.[6] Image File history File links This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links This work is copyrighted. ... Approximate worldwide distribution of monkeys. ... Covance (NYSE: CVD), formerly Hazleton Laboratories, with headquarters in Princeton, New Jersey, is one of the worlds largest and most comprehensive drug development services companies, according to its own website, with annual revenues over $1 billion, global operations in 17 countries, and approximately 6,700 employees worldwide. ... Vienna is a town in Fairfax County, Virginia, United States. ... Covance (NYSE: CVD), formerly Hazleton Laboratories, with headquarters in Princeton, New Jersey, is one of the worlds largest and most comprehensive drug development services companies, according to its own website, with annual revenues over $1 billion, global operations in 17 countries, and approximately 6,700 employees worldwide. ...


Researchers working for PETA went undercover into Huntingdon Life Sciences, a contract animal-testing facility, in 1997, where they filmed staff beating dogs in the UK[20] and what appears to be abuse of monkeys in the company's Princeton, New Jersey, facility.[57] The employees were fired and HLS's licence in the UK was suspended. After the video footage aired on British television in 1999, a group of activists set up Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty with a view to closing HLS down, a campaign that is still ongoing. Huntingdon Life Sciences (HLS) is a contract animal-testing company founded in 1952 in England, now with facilities in Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire and Eye, Suffolk in the UK; New Jersey in the U.S.; and in Japan. ... A monkey inside Huntingdon Life Sciences in the United States. ...


In 1990, a Las Vegas entertainer lost his entertainment license, as well as a later lawsuit against PETA, after the group filmed him beating orangutans. A North Carolina grand jury handed down indictments against pig-farm workers, the first indictments for animal cruelty within that industry, after they were filmed skinning a sow who was allegedly still conscious.[58] In 1985, the U.S. government suspended funding to the City of Hope biomedical research center in California over its alleged treatment of dogs, and East Carolina University agreed to stop using animals for classroom experiments after a PETA investigation. This article is about the primate. ... Sow may refer to: A female pig. ... East Carolina University is a public, coeducational, intensive research university located in Greenville, North Carolina, United States. ...

PETA's film Unnecessary Fuss shows researchers' footage from a study that involved inflicting brain damage on baboons.

In 1984, a 26-minute PETA film,[59] based on 60 hours of researchers' footage obtained by the Animal Liberation Front during a raid on the University of Pennsylvania's Head Injury Clinic, led to the suspension of funds from the university, the closure of the lab, the firing of the university's chief veterinarian, and a period of probation for the university. The footage was made by the researchers as part of a study that involved inflicting brain damage on 150 baboons using a hydraulic device intended to simulate whiplash. An independent investigation by the Office for Protection from Research Risks (OPRR) confirmed that there had been "extraordinarly serious violations" by the lab of the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals.[60] Image File history File linksMetadata UnnecessaryFuss. ... Image File history File linksMetadata UnnecessaryFuss. ... Unnecessary Fuss is the name of a film produced by Ingrid Newkirk and Alex Pacheco of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), showing footage shot inside the University of Pennsylvanias Head Injury Clinic in Philadelphia, described by the university as the longest standing and most respected center... For other uses, see Baboon (disambiguation). ... Beagles stolen by British ALF activists from a testing laboratory owned by the Boots Group. ... This article is about the private Ivy League university in Philadelphia. ... For other uses, see Baboon (disambiguation). ... Whiplash is the result of impulsive stretching of the spine, often the result of a rear-end collision between cars or trucks. ...


PETA was criticized by the OPRR for having edited the film in a misleading way. Twenty-five errors were identified in Newkirk's voiceover, including a scene where she described an accidental liquid spill over a conscious baboon as an acid spill, with no evidence to suggest it was anything but water. The film also gave the impression that a scene involving the hydraulic equipment smashing against a baboon's head represented several baboons being damaged, whereas subsequent examination of the 60 hours of original footage showed that the same scene had been constantly repeated.[10]


PETA was also criticized in 1999 regarding undercover film it took inside the Carolina Biological Supply Company, which appeared to show wriggling cats being embalmed alive. Two veterinarians from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) agreed that the cats appeared to have been alive at the time, and the video was introduced as evidence before a departmental hearing. An anatomist called by Carolina Biological's lawyer subsequently demonstrated that the wriggling may have been the effect of formalin on freshly dead muscle tissue, which causes muscle fibers to contract and move, and the case against the company was dismissed.[61] Embalming, in most modern cultures, is the art and science of temporarily preserving human remains to forestall decomposition and to make them suitable for display at a funeral. ... The chemical compound formaldehyde (also known by IUPAC nomenclature as methanal), is a gas with a strong pungent smell. ... A top-down view of skeletal muscle Muscle (from Latin musculus little mouse [1]) is contractile tissue of the body and is derived from the mesodermal layer of embryonic germ cells. ...


Community Animal Project

PETA has several programs helping cats and dogs in poorer areas of southeastern Virginia and northern North Carolina. It has spayed or neutered over 30,000 [citation needed] cats and dogs for reduced price or for free in the last few years. The organization comes to the aid of neglected dogs and cats who are severely ill and injured, and pursues cruelty cases. They offer free humane euthanasia services to counties that kill unwanted animals via gassing or shooting. PETA also offers free euthanasia for severely ill/dying pets when euthanasia at a veterinarian is unaffordable. PETA paid for and built a cat shelter in a North Carolina county. Each year the organization builds and sets up hundreds of sturdy dog houses, with straw bedding, for dogs that are chained outside all winter. PETA also creates and airs numerous public service announcements and billboards urging people to help control the pet overpopulation through spaying/neutering, and adopting animals from shelters instead of purchasing cats and dogs from pet stores or breeders.[62][63] Oophorectomy is the surgical removal of the ovaries of a female animal. ... The word neuter can refer to: the property of being neither biologically male or female: being asexual the sterilization (castration, spaying, etc. ... Oophorectomy is the surgical removal of the ovaries of a female animal. ... Neutering, from the Latin neÅ­ter (of neither type), is the removal of an animals reproductive organ, either all of it or a considerably large part of it. ...


Policy on euthanasia

PETA is against the no kill movement and euthanizes the majority of animals that are given to them.[64][65]. It recommends euthanasia for animals, for certain breeds of animals (e.g. pit bull terriers)[66] and in certain situations for unwanted animals in shelters: for example, for those living for long periods in cramped cages.[67][68] Ingrid Newkirk has said: "Our service is to provide a peaceful and painless death to animals who no one wants."[69] PETA recommends the use of an intravenous injection of sodium pentobarbital provided it is administered by a trained professional.[68] Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Put down redirects here you may be looking for Insult This article is about euthanasia of animals. ... The American Pit Bull Terrier is one of several bull terrier breeds, often kept as a pet. ... PETAs president and co-founder Ingrid Newkirk Ingrid Newkirk (born July 11, 1949) is a British-born animal rights activist, author, and president of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), the worlds largest animal rights organization. ... Pentobarbital is a short acting barbiturate that is available as both a free acid and a sodium salt, the former of which is only slightly soluble in water and ethanol. ...


Before founding PETA, Newkirk was chief of animal-disease control and director of the animal shelter in the District of Columbia.[66] During her time working in animal shelters, she said she would "go to work early, before anyone got there, and I would just kill the animals myself. Because I couldn't stand to let them go through ... [other workers abusing the animals]. I must have killed a thousand of them, sometimes dozens every day."[70] The organization says that it takes in feral cat colonies with diseases such as feline AIDS and leukemia, stray dogs, litters of parvo-infected puppies, and backyard dogs, and as such it would be unrealistic and unkind to operate a no-kill policy.[67] Newkirk has said: "It is a totally rotten business, but sometimes the only kind option for some animals is to put them to sleep forever."[71] ... Rescued feral kittens Most feral kittens have little chance of surviving more than a few months and are vulnerable to starvation, predators, disease and even flea-induced anemia[1][2]. Here, kittens from two feral litters are fostered by a domestic mother. ... Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a lentivirus that affects domesticated housecats worldwide. ... Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) is a retrovirus that infects cats. ... Species Canine minute virus Canine parvovirus Chicken parvovirus Feline panleukopenia virus Feline parvovirus HB virus H-1 virus Kilham rat virus Lapine parvovirus LUIII virus Mice minute virus Mink enteritis virus Mouse parvovirus 1 Porcine parvovirus Raccoon parvovirus RT parvovirus Tumor virus X Parvovirus, commonly called parvo, is a genus...

(I would) go to work early, before anyone got there, and I would just kill the animals myself. Because I couldn't stand to let them go through that. I must have killed a thousand of them, sometimes dozens every day.. — Ingrid Newkirk, president of PETA. ."[72]

According to the Wally Swett, President of Primarily Primates, PETA killed 1,946 pets in its home state of Virginia in 2005, transferring or adopting out 215, and killed 141 wild animals in the same year, transferring or releasing 52.[73] In 2004, PETA killed 2278 animals while finding homes for 368 animals.[74] Columnist Debra J. Saunders of the San Francisco Chronicle, quoting the Center for Consumer Freedom (CCF) data based on PETA's filing with the state of Virginia, has said that PETA killed over 10,000 animals from 1998 to 2003.[75] PETAs president and co-founder Ingrid Newkirk Ingrid Newkirk (born July 11, 1949) is a British-born animal rights activist, author, and president of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), the worlds largest animal rights organization. ... Todays San Francisco Chronicle was founded in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle by teenage brothers Charles de Young and Michael H. de Young. ... The Center for Consumer Freedom (CCF), formerly called the Guest Choice Network, is a non-profit tax-exempt 501(c)(3) U.S. lobby group. ...


In 1999, PETA took in 2,103 animals, of which 798 were either found new homes, were reclaimed by their owners or transferred to other facilities, while those remaining were euthanized.[76] During the years 2004 and 2005, PETA took in 20258 animals, of which 15438 were reclaimed by their owner. 4224 were euthanized, while 507 were adopted.[77][78] The San Francisco Chronicle reported in 1991 that after rescuing 18 rabbits and 14 roosters from a research facility,[75] PETA euthanized them because they didn't have the money to care for them.[79] This was questioned by critics in view of PETA's budget for that year which was over six million dollars.[80] Though PETA denied that such killings violated animal rights, US Congressman Vin Weber — founder of the Congressional Animal Welfare Caucus — doubted PETA's intentions highlighting the double standards employed in Silver Springs monkey case and the Aspin Hill killings.[81]


The Humane Society of the United States estimates that 3–4 million dogs and cats are euthanized annually in the U.S. for a lack of homes.[82] PETA and other animal protection groups blame people who don’t spay and neuter their animals, and people who buy animals from breeders instead of adopting from shelters, for causing the animal overpopulation crisis.[83]


Animal euthanasia and criminal charges

A dead cat and her two dead kittens left in the dumpster by PETA employees.

PETA was criticized in 2005 when police discovered that at least 80 animals had been euthanized and left in area dumpsters over the course of a month. Two PETA employees approached a dumpster in a van registered to PETA and left behind 18 dead animals. Thirteen more were found inside the van. The animals had been euthanized by the PETA employees immediately after taking them from shelters in Northampton and Bertie counties.[84] In a 2005 column in the San Francisco Chronicle, PETA’s director of the Domestic Animals Issues stated that PETA began euthanizing animals in some rural North Carolina shelters by injection after it found that the shelters were killing unwanted animals with rifles and dilapidated gas chambers, both of which they claim are inhumane ways to kill animals.[85] Officials from both counties said they were under the impression that the animals would be euthanized only if a home could not be found for them, and after being fully evaluated by a veterinarian. Both counties suspended their agreements with PETA after the incident.[86] Image File history File links PETA_dumpster_incident_cat_with_kittens. ... Image File history File links PETA_dumpster_incident_cat_with_kittens. ...


Among the bodies in the dumpster were a cat and two of her kittens, given to PETA by veterinarian Patrick Proctor of Ahoskie Animal Hospital. According to Proctor, the two kittens were very adoptable, and he said the PETA employees claimed they would have no trouble finding homes for them.[87][88][89] In an interview with CNN, Ingrid Newkirk said that Proctor — who himself carries out euthanasia on behalf of PETA — was not present when the kittens were removed and was therefore not in a position to know what PETA's employees had said. Newkirk added that it was unlikely the employees said they could find homes for the animals, given that the veterinarian's assistant handed the animals to PETA precisely because she knew homes could not be found. "If the veterinarian couldn't find homes for a few kittens and a cat, which is surprising, if they have clients coming in, then that's why they called us, because they know we don't have a magic wand either," Newkirk told CNN. [88] Ahoskie is a town in Hertford County, North Carolina, United States. ...


PETA condemned the dumping as against their policy, and suspended one of the employees involved for 90 days. Police charged the two employees with 31 felony counts of animal cruelty and eight misdemeanor counts of illegal disposal of dead animals. [90] In October, these charges were dropped, and replaced with 42 combined counts of animal cruelty, and 3 counts of "obtaining property under false pretense". [91][92] In the trial, which began on January 22, 2007, [93] both workers were acquitted of all charges, including animal cruelty charges, except a misdemeanor count for improper disposing of the euthanized animals. [7]


In May 2007, the United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) started investigations of how PETA handles euthanasia drugs.[94] According to the DEA, PETA could face fines or sanctions against its license if it finds any wrongdoing, while gross mishandling of drugs could lead to criminal charges. The DEAs enforcement activities may take agents anywhere from distant countries to suburban U.S. homes. ...


Conflicts with other activists

(Newkirk is) an abuser of the human animal...Many of us believe that the further we distance ourselves from PETA, the better off the animal rights movement will be.. — Sue Perna, animal rights activist and former PETA employee[95]

PETA has been the target of criticism by other animal rights advocates.


John "J.P." Goodwin, founder of the Coalition to Abolish the Fur Trade, argues that some of PETA's campaigns are detrimental to the credibility of the animal rights movement: "some people have positioned the movement as flaky, based on silly claims and goofy stunts. It's time to say no to pie throwing, manure dumping, and naked models, and get back to talking about animals."[95]


PETA's "I'd rather go naked than wear fur" campaign has generated criticism from feminists for objectifying the female body. In response to an ad campaign in which Patti Davis posed naked with Hugh Hefner's dog, Batya Bauman, director of Feminists for Animal Rights, asserts that "PETA has now escalated the tactic into pornography and got themselves into bed with Hugh Hefner and Playboy magazine." She added that PETA "severely overstepped the boundaries of respect toward women."[96] Carol J. Adams, a prominent feminist and animal rights advocate, objected to PETA's campaign saying "I don't liberate animals over the bodies of women" and "I think the further insult was the celebration of PETA's alliance with Playboy by having a jointly sponsored event last summer, at which Patti Davis was featured. I'm glad she gave some of her money to PETA. But like Catharine MacKinnon, I'm not sure reparations money is the way we go about changing the status of women. I abhor the alliance of any animal advocacy with pornography."[97] Patti Davis (born Patricia Ann Reagan on October 21, 1952 in Los Angeles, California) is the daughter of former President of the United States Ronald Reagan and First Lady Nancy Davis. ... Hugh Marston Hefner (born April 9, 1926 in Chicago, Illinois), also referred to colloquially as Hef, is the founder and editor-in-chief of Playboy magazine. ... Carol J. Adams calls herself a feminist vegetarian author. ...


Conflicts with wildlife conservation personalities

PETA is critical of those they call "self-professed wildlife warriors", television personalities such as Jack Hanna, Jim Fowler and Steve Irwin, who worked with animals on television. They argue that while those "wildlife exhibitors" express a conservationist message that is often right on target, some of their actions, such as invading animals' homes, netting them, subjecting them to stressful environments, and sometimes wrestling with them and provoking them are harmful to the animals they claim to protect. Those actions often involve babies which they say should be with their mothers.[98] The conflict between PETA and those personalities came to a head in 2006, when PETA's vice-president Dan Mathews stated that Steve Irwin, had "made a career out of antagonizing frightened wild animals, which is a very dangerous message to send to kids," adding "If you compare him with a responsible conservationist like Jacques Cousteau, he looks like a cheap reality TV star."[99] This prompted criticism from Australian Member of Parliament Bruce Scott who told his federal parliament that PETA should apologise to Steve Irwin's family and the rest of Australia.[100] Monkeys on the Interstate, 1989, by Jack Hanna Jack Hanna (b. ... Jim Fowler (born April 9, 1932 in Albany, Georgia) is a professional zoologist and was host of the Emmy Award-winning television show Mutual of Omahas Wild Kingdom. ... For the rugby league footballer of the same name, see Steve Irwin (rugby league). ... Dan Mathews, vice-president of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals Dan Mathews is the vice-president of PETA and known for heading PETAs most controversial and attention-getting campaigns, including the Id Rather Go Naked Than Wear Fur ads, as well as campaigns involving celebrities such... Jacques-Yves Cousteau (June 11, 1910 - June 25, 1997) was a French naval officer, explorer and researcher who studied the sea and all forms of life in water. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... Hon Bruce Scott The Hon Bruce Craig Scott MP (born 20 October 1943), Australian politician, has been a National Party member of the Australian House of Representatives since March 1990, representing the Division of Maranoa, Queensland. ...


Position on animal testing

[Even if animal research produced a cure for AIDS], we'd be against it.. — Ingrid Newkirk, PETA President [101]

In 2005, a coalition of advocates for AIDS patients launched a campaign assailing PETA for its opposition to using animals to test possible AIDS drugs and calling on PETA's celebrity supporters to account for their high-profile role in what they described as "hindering the search for a cure to AIDS."[101] PETA vice-president Dan Mathews responded that: "AIDS is an easy disease to avoid, but our government squanders millions on duplicative animal tests, rather than issue frank warnings, especially to young people." Dr. Genevieve Clavreul, the coalition's organizer, expressed concern that in order to find an AIDS vaccine "We are going to have to go to an animal model to do it and I don’t want to have to be fighting every five minutes against PETA."[102] In a letter, the Patient Advocates Against PETA, observed that PETA President Ingrid Newkirk made a statement that even if animal research produced a cure for AIDS, "we'd be against it."[101] For other uses, see AIDS (disambiguation). ...


In 2006, Britain’s Advertising Standards Authority ruled that PETA misrepresented both animal testing and the science behind animal experiments, ordering it to stop making the misleading claims and rewrite one of its publications. PETA had claimed that “nearly 3 million sensitive animals—monkeys, rabbits, mice and others—are killed in the UK each year in painful experiments” and that “animal experiments are crude and unreliable.” The ASA ruled that animals used in laboratories may suffer in experiments, but that PETA had failed to document that nearly 3 million died “as a result of painful experiments.”[103]


PETA supports embryonic stem cell research because it has "the potential to end the vast majority of animal testing".[104] However, their position has been criticised as being contradictory to their belief all species are equal, since it puts one animal species (humans) to be "preferentially sacrificed to save another"; i.e. that PETA exalts "animal life in trivial ways, while simultaneously devaluing human life to the point where it’s worthless."[104] Human embryonic stem cell colony. ...


Finance

PETA received donations from the public of over $25 million for the year ending July 31, 2005, according to the group's audited financial statement. Nearly 85 percent of its operating budget was spent directly on its programs; 10.83 percent on fundraising efforts; and 4.18 percent on management and general operations. Regarding its employees, 53 percent earned between $14,560 and $27,999; 32 percent between $28,000 and $38,499; and 15 percent over $38,500. Ingrid Newkirk earned $32,000 from her PETA position during that year.[105] Charity Navigator notes that others holding Vice President of Campaigns posts like Dan Matthews et al. were drawing remunerations up to $72,488.[106] is the 212th day of the year (213th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Charity Navigator is an independent, non-profit organization that evaluates American charities. ... Dan Matthews is the vice-president of PETA and is best known for heading PETAs most controversial and attention-getting campaigns, such as the recent Milk Gone Wild [1] advertisement rejected by ABC for potential airing during the 2006 Superbowl. ... Remuneration is pay or salary, typically monetary compensation for services rendered, as in a employment. ...


There have also been criticism over PETA's finances, with many questioning its nonprofit, tax exempt status, because its "leaders and personnel have been involved in criminal activities", according to the foundation Center for the Defense of Free Enterprise (CDFE).[107] The United States Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works has also pointed to these terrorist links by showing tax return claims for funding terrorist organizations.[108] Steven P Kendall, Vice President, Animal Husbandry Society, also corraborates this, stating that the majority of the donations are spent on fundraising, administrative costs and salaries[109] The BBB Wise Giving Alliance in its evaluation of PETA observed that it does not meet a couple of Charity Accountability standards.[110] The Center for the Defense of Free Enterprise or CDFE is a lobbying organization which describes itself as an educational foundation for individual liberty, free markets, property rights and limited government. It does so by playing down ecological issues and by likening environmentalism with religion, extremism and terrorism. ... The United States Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works is responsible for dealing with matters related to the environment and infrastructure. ... The BBB Wise Giving Alliance (WGA) is an alliance of charities formed by a merger of the National Charities Information Bureau and the Council of Better Business Bureaus Foundation and its Philanthropic Advisory Service. ...


Other campaigns

Anti-fur campaigns

Two long-running campaigns are "Here's the rest of your fur coat,"[8] and "I'd Rather Go Naked Than Wear Fur," in which supermodels appeared nude to express their opposition to wearing fur.[35] Singers Sophie Ellis-Bextor and Shirley Manson have posed for this cause. In May 2006, they held a naked protest near St Paul's Cathedral in London to highlight the use of real bear fur in the Bearskins used by the Foot Guards.[9] Brazilian supermodel Gisele Bündchen. ... For other uses, see Fur (disambiguation). ... Sophie Michelle Ellis-Bextor (born 10 April 1979) is a multi-platinum selling English pop singer and songwriter. ... Shirley Ann Manson[1][2] (born August 26, 1966) is a Scottish musician, the lead vocalist of the band Garbage. ... This article is about the cathedral church of the diocese of London. ... Irish Guards, wearing bearskins, march to the Cenotaph, London, on June 12th 2005 for a service of remembrance for Irish troops For the fairy tale of this title, see Bearskin (fairy tale). ... Foot guards is a term used to describe elite infantry regiments. ...


PETA severed its relationship with some of the models when they continued to wear fur. In 1997, Naomi Campbell wore a fur coat during a Milan fashion show after appearing in a 'Rather Go Naked Than Wear Fur' advertisement.[111] Other models PETA has ended its relationship with are Kate Moss and Cindy Crawford.[112] Naomi Campbell (born May 22, 1970) is an English supermodel, actress, singer, and author of Black Jamaican/Chinese descent. ... Not to be confused with Kate Mosse. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


PETA has held notable public protests in London and Hong Kong against Burberry's use of fur in some of its products.[113] A ladies Burberry handbag in the companys trademarked check pattern Burberry is a British luxury fashion house, manufacturing clothing and other apparel. ...


Lettuce Ladies

The 'Lettuce Ladies' are women, some of them Playboy models, who appear publicly in bikinis made to look like lettuce leaves, and distribute information about the vegan diet. [10] There is a lesser-known male counterpart to the Lettuce Ladies, called the Broccoli Boys. [11] For other uses, see Playboy (disambiguation). ... This article is about the womens bathing suit. ... Binomial name L. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... “Vegan” redirects here. ... Broccoli is a plant of the Cabbage family, Brassicaceae (formerly Cruciferae). ...


Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC)

See also: Kentucky Fried Cruelty.com

PETA has a major campaign targeting Kentucky Fried Chicken that has included more than 10,000 demonstrations worldwide and claimed support from the Dalai Lama (although the Dalai Lama later declared he was misrepresented by PETA because he did not intend to specifically address a specific KFC executive), [114] Al Sharpton, Paul McCartney, Dick Gregory, Tommy Lee, and Bring Me The Horizon among others. PETA has requested that KFC require that its suppliers adopt the welfare recommendations of KFC's own animal welfare committee, including stopping the breaking of birds' limbs and drowning conscious birds in tanks of scalding water. PETA shot video footage at a slaughterhouse in Moorefield, West Virginia, and posted the footage on PETA's website. According to news reports, PETA as a shareholder in YUM! Brands, submitted a shareholders' resolution asking KFC to kill chickens in a more humane manner.[115] KFC is PETA's fourth fast food target for alleged animal cruelty, after campaigns against McDonald's, Burger King, and Wendy's. Kentucky Fried Cruelty. ... KFC, also known as Kentucky Fried Chicken, is a food chain based in Louisville, Kentucky, known mainly for its fried chicken. ... This article is about the Dalai Lama lineage. ... This biographical article needs additional references for verification. ... Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born 18 June 1942) is an English singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist who first gained worldwide fame as one of the founding members of The Beatles. ... Dick Gregory (1964) Richard Dick Claxton Gregory, (born October 12, 1932) is an African American comedian, social activist, writer, entrepreneur, and nutritionist. ... This article is about the American drummer Tommy Lee. ... Oliver Sykes Bring Me the Horizon (or BMTH as often referred to) is a deathcore band from Sheffield, Yorkshire. ... Yum! Brands, Inc. ... McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants, primarily selling hamburgers, chicken, french fries, milkshakes and soft drinks. ... Burger King (NYSE: BKC), often abbreviated to BK, is a global chain of hamburger fast food restaurants. ... Wendys is an international chain of fast food restaurants founded by Dave Thomas that sells primarily hamburgers, chicken sandwiches, french fries and beverages. ...


Circuses

Shilpa Shetty in a Boycott the circus advertisement
Shilpa Shetty in a Boycott the circus advertisement

The group regularly protests circuses that use animals. The Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus is a frequent target of PETA's allegations of abuse. PETA asked a number of mayors to pass legislation banning items used to train elephants from cities the circus was due to visit. In one specific case, PETA asked that "bullhooks, electric prods and other devices that inflict pain on, or cause injury to, elephants" be banned, after the animal care director of the Carson & Barnes Circus, Tim Frisco, was filmed allegedly attacking elephants with bullhooks and electric prods.[12][116] PETA's videotape of one of Frisco's training sessions allegedly shows him attacking elephants with steel-tipped bullhooks, shocking them with electric prods, and shouting "Make 'em scream!"[116] The elephants are shown screaming and recoiling in pain, according to PETA.[117] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 129 KB) This work is a copyrighted publicity photograph. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 129 KB) This work is a copyrighted publicity photograph. ... Shilpa Shetty (Tulu: ಶಿಲ್ಪ ಶೆಟ್ಟಿ) (born 8 June 1975 in Tamil Nadu, India) is an award-winning Indian film actress and model. ... P. T. Barnum (July 5, 1810 – April 7, 1891), American showman is best remembered for his entertaining hoaxes and for founding the circus that eventually became Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus. ... The ankus (sometimes called bullhook, elephant hook, or elephant goad) is a tool used in the training of elephants. ... An electroshock gun, also referred to as a stun gun, is a weapon used for subduing a person by firing something which administers electric shock, disrupting superficial muscle functions. ... For other uses, see Elephant (disambiguation). ...


Comedian and civil rights activist Dick Gregory recorded a public service announcement, urging people to boycott circuses that use animals in what he calls "modern-day slavery."[118] Dick Gregory (1964) Richard Dick Claxton Gregory, (born October 12, 1932) is an African American comedian, social activist, writer, entrepreneur, and nutritionist. ...


In response to PETA's request, Mayor Rod DesJardins of Munising, Michigan, called the organization "radical extremists with a bizarre philosophy that considers the life of an insect equal to the life of a human being." [13]. One of these ad campaigns was promoted by Indian actress Shilpa Shetty (pictured). Munising harbor Munising is a city on the southern shore of Lake Superior in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. ... Shilpa Shetty (Tulu: ಶಿಲ್ಪ ಶೆಟ್ಟಿ) (born 8 June 1975 in Tamil Nadu, India) is an award-winning Indian film actress and model. ...


Religious compassion

In its www.jesusveg.com Web site, PETA makes an argument that Christian values of compassion extend to all living creatures and are inconsistent with cruelty to animals. It then promotes vegetarianism based on that argument.[119] It has a Muslim counterpart as well, www.islamveg.com, using Sunni hadith to justify veganism. There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Name changes of cities

PETA regularly asks towns and cities whose names in its view are suggestive of animal exploitation to change their names. In April 2003, they offered free veggie burgers to the city of Hamburg, New York, in exchange for changing its name to Veggieburg; the town declined the offer. PETA also campaigned in 1996 to have the town of Fishkill, New York, change its name, claiming the name suggests cruelty to fish. (The root "kill", found in many New York town names, is Dutch for "creek".)[120] In October 2003, the group urged the town of Rodeo, California, to change its name because it invokes images of the sport of rodeo, which they claim is harmful to animals. As a replacement name, they suggested Unity, an acknowledgment of Union Oil's role in saving the area economically in the late 19th century. PETA offered to donate $20,000 worth of veggie burgers to local schools if the name was changed. The town declined.[citation needed] Hamburg, New York may refer to the following locations in Erie County, New York: Hamburg (town), New York Hamburg (village), New York (within the Town of Hamburg) For other locations with a similar name see Hamburg (disambiguation). ... Main Street in Fishkill. ... Rodeo (pronounced row DAY oh) is a census-designated place located in Contra Costa County, California. ... It has been suggested that History of rodeo be merged into this article or section. ... The Unocal Corporation (NYSE: UCL), based in El Segundo, California, was founded in 1890 as the Union Oil Company of California. ... A homemade veggie burger. ...


Youth outreach

Joaquin Phoenix on the cover of PETA's Grrr! Magazine
Joaquin Phoenix on the cover of PETA's Grrr! Magazine

The group runs a website geared towards children at Petakids.com[121] with contests, online games, online videos, comics, songs that are supportive of PETA's causes, and a free subscription to Grrr! Magazine, over 500,000 copies of which were distributed in 2005.[122] The website also provides an e-News list.[123] Image File history File links Grrrcover2001. ... Image File history File links Grrrcover2001. ... Joaquín Rafael Phoenix (pronounced IPA: ) (born October 28, 1974), formerly credited as Leaf Phoenix, is as a two-time Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe and Grammy Award-winning Puerto Rican film actor. ...


PETA also runs a website dedicated teens/young adults at peta2.com with most of the same features. peta2 also includes an online message forum dedicated to linking activists together, and to offer help/advice for those new to the vegan lifestyle.


PETA teamed up with bands such as Deftones, STUN, and Further Seems Forever to record commercials on a variety of topics, including reporting animal abuse. The youth-oriented web site peta2.com featured over 50 interviews from bands such as Yellowcard, The Shins, The Used, and Good Charlotte. PETA’s efforts were covered by MTV, Rolling Stone, AP, and Revolver. Deftones are a Grammy award-winning experimental alternative rock band from Sacramento, California. ... Further Seems Forever (often abbreviated FSF) was a band based out of Pompano Beach, Florida, United States. ... This article is about the band. ... The Shins are an indie rock group with elements of folk and alternative country on Sub Pop Records comprising singer, songwriter and guitarist James Russell Mercer, keyboardist/guitarist/bassist Martin Crandall, bassist/guitarist Dave Hernandez, drummer Jesse Sandoval, and Eric Johnson of the Fruit Bats. ... The Used is an alternative rock band from Orem, Utah. ... Good Charlotte (IPA: ) is a rock band from Waldorf, Maryland and formed in 1996. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... This article is about the magazine. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... This is a hard rock magazine that comes out every month. ...


peta2 dispatched supporters on 61 summer concert and skateboard tours including the Warped, Phish, Taste of Chaos, and Morrissey tours. At these events, PETA screened the Meet Your Meat video and disseminated information. Warped is a song by the Red Hot Chili Peppers from their 1995 album One Hot Minute. ... This article is about the band. ... For the album, see Taste of Chaos (album). ... For other uses, see Morrissey (disambiguation). ...


Animal Liberation Project

The 2005 "Are Animals the New Slaves?" campaign [124] featured a display in which images of oppressed minorities, including black slaves, Indians, child laborers, and women, were juxtaposed with those of chained elephants and slaughtered cows. [125] The campaign was criticized by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, [14] and PETA agreed to suspend it. [15] Look up black in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Child labor is the employment of children under an age determined by law or custom. ... The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP, generally pronounced as EN Double AY SEE PEE) is one of the oldest and most influential civil rights organizations in the United States. ...


Graphic pamphlets

Cover of the "Your Daddy Kills Animals" pamphlet [5]PDF (490 KiB)
PETA comic: "Your Mommy Kills Animals"

The organization has been criticized for distributing graphic pamphlets to children. According to PETA's website,[126] the pamphlets are geared toward making parents aware of how their actions affect their children. One pamphlet, "Your Daddy Kills Animals!"[127] showed a cartoon father gutting a fish, and stated: "Since your daddy is teaching you the wrong lessons about right and wrong, you should teach him fishing is killing. Until your daddy learns it's not fun to kill, keep your doggies and kitties away from him. He's so hooked on killing defenseless animals, they could be next." Another pamphlet, addressing the wearing of fur, was headlined "Your Mommy Kills Animals"[128], and featured a cartoon of a mother slicing a knife into a rabbit's stomach. This comic was the inspiration for the naming of a 2007 documentary film about PETA entitled Your Mommy Kills Animals. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (552x852, 772 KB)From fishinghurts. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (552x852, 772 KB)From fishinghurts. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Your Mommy Kills Animals was a political comic book published by PETA. It is the inspiration for a 2007 film by the same name. ... Your Mommy Kills Animals is a 2007 documentary film about the animal liberation movement directed by Curt Johnson and filmed in several locations across the United States. ...


Dairy campaigns

As part of an effort to reduce milk consumption, PETA created the "Got Beer?" campaign, a parody of the Got Milk? campaign. The advertisements urged college students to "wipe off those milk moustaches and replace them with. . . foam." Mothers Against Drunk Driving and college officials of campuses targeted by the campaign complained that the campaign encouraged underage drinking. As a result of the criticism, PETA halted the campaign in March 2000.[129] In 2002, the effort to promote beer over milk was revived by PETA after a two year hiatus.[130] Got Milk? is an American advertising campaign encouraging the purchase of cows milk, which was created by the advertising agency Goodby Silverstein & Partners for the California Milk Processor Board in 1993 and later licensed for use by milk processors and dairy farmers. ... Mothers Against Drunk Driving, or MADD, is a single-issue non-profit victims rights organization in the United States and other countries. ... Many nations have a legal drinking age, or the minimum age one must be to drink alcohol. ...

One of the "Milk Sucks" themes

Following the removal of the beer campaign, PETA launched a new effort aimed at teenagers. The new campaign attempted to place advertisements in highschool newspapers and printed trading cards claiming that dairy products caused acne, obesity, heart disease, cancer, and strokes.[131] A similar campaign in the UK was ordered by the Advertising Standards Authority to discontinue claims it made about milk consumption in a campaign aimed at school children, concluding that the campaign "played on children's anxieties and were likely to cause some children undue fear and distress" and that the claims regarding supposed health risks "were unacceptable", and not directly supported by the cited articles. [132] Following the injunction, PETA revamped their trading cards in order to continue the effort.[133] Their website www.milksucks.com though, still makes the same claims regarding adverse health effects. Image File history File links Gotzitsop. ... Image File history File links Gotzitsop. ... Heart disease is an umbrella term for a number of different diseases which affect the heart and as of 2007 it is the leading cause of death in the United States,[1] and England and Wales. ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ... For other uses, see Stroke (disambiguation). ... The Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) is the independent British self regulatory organisation (SRO) of the advertising industry. ...


Running of the Nudes

See also: Running of the Nudes

Every year, naked PETA activists, wearing red scarves and bull horns, take to the streets of Pamplona two days before the city's annual "Running of the Bulls" in protest at the tradition, which sees bulls goaded by the crowd. Over 1,000 activists took part in 2006.[134] The annual Running of the Nudes in Pamplona - 2007. ... Pamplona (Basque: Iruñea or Iruña) is the capital city of Navarre, Spain. ... An encierro in Pastrana, Spain. ...


Michael Vick

Further information: Bad Newz Kennels dog fighting investigation

In April 2007, a home in rural Surry County, Virginia owned by Michael Vick, quarterback for the Atlanta Falcons football team, was searched on suspicion that Vick was leading dog fighting operations in the home. Additional legal action and searches led to the indictment of Vick, as investigators found nearly ten dog carcasses in shallow graves.[135] Consequently, on July 20, 2007, the PETA held a protest outside the National Football League offices in New York City, holding signs with statements such as "Sack Vick" and photographs of injured dogs with the caption "dogfighting victim", expressing the PETA's demand that Vick be suspended. Bruce Friedrich, Vice President of the PETA, stated in a letter to Nike, Inc. president Mark Parker: "Vick will be forever associated with cruelty to animals - and so will Nike unless it acts today." [136] On July 27, 2007, Nike suspended its contract with Vick without pay, so the PETA canceled its national "day of action" against Nike that was scheduled for July 30, in which they would have protested in all twelve "Niketown" stores in the United States for Nike to take action against Vick. [137] The Bad Newz Kennels dog fighting investigation began in April 2007 with a search of property in Surry County, Virginia owned by Atlanta Falcons football quarterback Michael Vick, and the subsequent discovery of evidence inculpating several individuals of dog fighting. ... Surry County is a county located in the South Hampton Roads region of the Commonwealth of Virginia, a state of the United States. ... Michael Dwayne Vick (born June 26, 1980 in Newport News, Virginia) is an American football quarterback for the National Football Leagues Atlanta Falcons franchise. ... Navy quarterback Aaron Polanco sets up to throw. ... City Atlanta, Georgia Team colors Black, Red, and White Head Coach Bobby Petrino Owner Arthur Blank General manager Rich McKay Mascot Freddie Falcon League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1966–present) Eastern Conference (1966) Western Conference (1967-69) Coastal Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC West (1970... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... Two dogs fighting Dog fighting is a physical fight between canines, sometimes involving the pitting of two dogs against each other for the entertainment of spectators, and for the purpose of gambling. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... NFL redirects here. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Vanderbilt Quarterback Jay Cutler is sacked by U.S. Naval Academy Midshipman 2nd Class Jeremy Chase. ... Two dogs fighting Dog fighting is a physical fight between canines, sometimes involving the pitting of two dogs against each other for the entertainment of spectators, and for the purpose of gambling. ... Nike, Inc. ... The third Nike CEO, after William Perez resigned citing differences with his predecessor as CEO, Phil Knight. ... A man in Shanghai who is asking for money and carrying a monkey that is missing a limb. ...


Domain name disputes

In February 1996 a parody website calling itself "People Eating Tasty Animals" registered the domain name peta.org. The site contained links to other sites advocating the consumption of meat, the use of leather and animal furs, and promoting the benefits of animal experimentation in medical research.[138] In response to the site, PETA filed a trademark infringement lawsuit against the website creator and Network Solutions, the company that issued the domain name, that resulted in PETA gaining control of the domain name.[139] A PETA spokesperson said that "the people who are doing this are the lowest of the low. We can't help but be amused that we are so threatening to people like this that they would go to so much trouble as to steal away our name."[140] In contemporary usage, a parody (or lampoon) is a work that imitates another work in order to ridicule, ironically comment on, or poke some affectionate fun at the work itself, the subject of the work, the author or fictional voice of the parody, or another subject. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... People Eating Tasty Animals is a website, hosted by Mike Doughney, that parodies the animal rights organization PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals). ... The term domain name has multiple related meanings: A name that identifies a computer or computers on the internet. ...


While still in the legal proceedings over "peta.org," PETA registered the domains www.ringlingbrothers.com and www.voguemagazine.com, using the sites to highlight the cruelty that they say Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus and Vogue were guilty of. PETA later surrendered the domains under threat of legal action over trademark infringement.[141][142] Ringling Bros. ... For other meanings, see vogue. ...


Cultural influences and context

PETA has been viewed as part of the modern humane movement, which formed in the mid-1970s following the views of philosophers like Peter Singer. Surveys of the supporters of PETA in the United States have shown that they tend to be middle-class, and well educated. Politically, they view themselves as independents, or Democrats, hold moderate to liberal political views, and tend to be distrustful of modern science.[143] A variety of scholarship holds that these beliefs tie into deeper trends in the popular discourse — namely, a feeling of alienation from the environment, egalitarianism, and a distrust of the modern nature of capitalism and "big business".[143] In the media, the association with PETA has often been used as a short-hand for exemplifying these types of positions; for instance, in The Simpsons episode G.I. (Annoyed Grunt), Lisa joins PETA; in contrast to her father enlisting in the US Army. A humane society is a group that aims to stop animal and human suffering due to cruelty or other reasons. ... For other persons named Peter Singer, see Peter Singer (disambiguation). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Egalitarianism (derived from the French word égal, meaning equal or level) is a political doctrine that holds that all people should be treated as equals from birth. ... For other uses, see Capitalism (disambiguation). ... Simpsons redirects here. ... G.I. (Annoyed Grunt), i. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ...


PETA's positions have been lampooned by Matt Stone and Trey Parker in a number of episodes of their cartoon South Park, including Douche and Turd; making the claim that PETA cares more about animals than humans. In addition, the comedic duo Penn & Teller attacked PETA in a 2004 episode of their television show Bullshit! over a number of issues, including purported hypocrisy by PETA spokespeople and leaders. Matthew Richard Matt Stone (born May 26, 1971) is an American animator, screenwriter, film director, voice actor and actor. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article is about the TV series. ... Douche and Turd is episode 119 of South Park. ... Penn & Teller at the 1988 Emmy Awards Penn & Teller are Las Vegas headliners whose act is an amalgam of illusion and comedy. ... Bullshit! (also known as Penn & Teller: Bullshit!) is an American, Emmy-nominated documentary television series, running since 2003 on the premium cable channel Showtime. ...


Notes

  1. ^ a b c "About Peta", retrieved July 10, 2006.
  2. ^ "People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals", Give.org, April 2006, retrieved April 12, 2006.
  3. ^ PETA UK, PETA India, PETA Germany, PETA Netherlands
  4. ^ PETA2 Street Team
  5. ^ "Meet your meat", Peta.org.
  6. ^ Freeman, Darren. "PETA workers face 25 felony counts in North Carolina", The Virginian Pilot, October 15, 2005
  7. ^ U.S. Senate Committee on Environment & Public Works, Hearing Statements, 05/18/2005
  8. ^ a b c Newkirk, Ingrid. Free the Animals. Lantern Books, 2000. ISBN 1-930051-22-0
  9. ^ Johnson, David. Review of The Mind and the Brain: Neuroplasticity and the Power of Mental Force, curledup.com
  10. ^ a b c Sideris, Lisa et al. "Roots of Concern with Nonhuman Animals in Biomedical Ethics", Institute for Laboratory Animal Research, ILAR Journal V40(1) 1999.
  11. ^ PETA's homepage.
  12. ^ Schwartz, Jeffrey M. and Begley, Sharon. The Mind and the Brain: Neuroplasticity and the Power of Mental Force, Regan Books, 2002.
  13. ^ Food Security Act of 1985 subtitle F
  14. ^ Researchers studied Silver Spring Monkeys under terminal anesthesia prior to euthanasia, and discovered new roles for the dorsal rool ganglia and thalamus. (Science. 1998 Nov 6;282(5391):1121–5)
  15. ^ The Washington Post, January 5, 1989, page 7.
  16. ^ Laboratory Primate Newsletter April 1989
  17. ^ Laboratory Primate Newsletter October 1990
  18. ^ Kentuckyfriedcruelty.com
  19. ^ a b c d e f Doward, Jamie. "Beauty and the beasts", The Observer, August 1, 2004.
  20. ^ a b Undercover video footage of HLS employees beating a puppy, filmed at the Huntingdon Research Centre, England. (video)
  21. ^ a b c Newkirk, Ingrid. "The ALF: Who, Why, and What?", Terrorists or Freedom Fighters? Reflections on the Liberation of Animals. Best, Steven & Nocella, Anthony J (eds). Lantern 2004, p. 341./
  22. ^ "The Threat of Eco-Terrorism" — Testimony of James F. Jarboe, Domestic Terrorism Section Chief, Counterterrorism Division, FBI February 12, 2002
  23. ^ Exhibit 11 — PETA Gives Over $70,000 to ALF Member After Burning Down Michigan State Research Lab
  24. ^ Doward, Jamie. "Kill scientists, says animal rights chief", The Observer, July 25, 2004. Vlasak caused controversy in 2004 when he told The Observer: "I don't think you'd have to kill too many [researchers]. I think for five lives, 10 lives, 15 human lives, we could save a million, two million, 10 million non-human lives."
  25. ^ Woolcock, Nicola. "Animal rights activists convicted in the US of terrorising British lab", The Times, March 4, 2006.
  26. ^ a b Friedman, Stefan C. [Friedman, Stefan C. "The PETA-ELF connection", New York Post.
  27. ^ Terrorists, Too: Exposing animal-rights terrorism. By Wesley J. Smith — October 2, 2002, National Review
  28. ^ From Push to Shove, page 2
  29. ^ History of PETA's fur campaign, Furisdead.com.
  30. ^ "Fur", Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2006.
  31. ^ Zappia, Corina. "Bloody Brilliant Pie, Anna Wintour, and the history of fur protest", Village Voice, October 20, 2005.
  32. ^ Loewenberg, Anna Sophie."The Fur Police", The New York Review of Magazines, undated, retrieved July 11, 2006.
  33. ^ I'd Rather Go Naked Than Wear Fur, retrieved on May 28th 2007.
  34. ^ Runningofthenudes.com (video)
  35. ^ a b "Fashion and Dress", Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2006.
  36. ^ Sydney Morning Herald Article on PETA wool campaign
  37. ^ 60 minutes transcript with Ingrid Newkirk
  38. ^ a b c d "'Holocaust on a plate' angers US Jews"David Teather, The Guardian, March 3, 2003.
  39. ^ Smith, Wesley J. "PETA to cannibals: Don't let them eat steak", San Francisco Chronicle, December 21, 2003.
  40. ^ "Eternal Treblinka", Peta.org.
  41. ^ Singer's words were spoken by a character in his novel "Enemies: A Love Story." ("Group blasts PETA 'Holocaust' project", CNN, February 28, 2003.)
  42. ^ Press Release "ADL Denounces Peta for its 'Holocaust On Your Plate', ADL Website Campaign; Calls Appeal for Jewish Community Support 'The Height Of Chutzpah', February 24, 2003
  43. ^ a b "Holocaust Imagery and Animal Rights", ADL Website, August 2, 2005
  44. ^ Shafran, Avi. "This time PETA's guilty of missing the point", Jewish News Weekly of Northern California, May 20, 2005.
  45. ^ PETA's letter to Yasser Arafat, February 3, 2003.
  46. ^ Lynne, Diana. "PETA likens chickens to Holocaust victims", February 25, 2003.
  47. ^ Dougherty, Kerry "Arafat gets ass-inine plea from PETA on intifada", Jewish World Review, February 10, 2003.
  48. ^ "Vegetarians Have It Our Way at Burger King", November 1, 2002
  49. ^ "McDonald's eyes PETA-friendly option", December 29, 2004
  50. ^ "Wendy's steps up animal welfare standards", September 5, 2001
  51. ^ "Petco Agreement with PETA", April 15, 2005
  52. ^ "Peta claims victory as fashion house drops fur", Associated Press, June 10, 2006.
  53. ^ Justin Rood, "Undercover Cameras OK, Judge Rules", April 13, 2007, ABC News
  54. ^ Government Sentencing Memorandum of U.S. Attorney Michael Dettmer in USA v. Rodney Coronado, July 31, 1995, pp. 8–10.
  55. ^ a b "Covance fined for violations of the Animal Welfare Act", Peta.org.
  56. ^ Video footage from inside Covance. (videos)
  57. ^ Undercover video footage of HLS employees apparently dissecting a live monkey, filmed at the HLS Princeton Research Center, NJ, USA. (video)
  58. ^ "Pig Farm Cruelty Revealed", Peta.org.
  59. ^ Unnecessary Fuss, Peta.org. The film can be downloaded from *Unnecessary Fuss Part 1 *Unnecessary Fuss Part 2 *Unnecessary Fuss Part 3 *Unnecessary Fuss Part 4 *Unnecessary Fuss Part 5 (video)
  60. ^ McCarthy, Charles. R. "Reflections on the Organizational Locus of the Office for Protection from Research Risks", The Online Ethics Center for Engineering and Science at Case Western Reserve University, undated, retrieved July 10, 2006.
  61. ^ Morrison, Adrian R. "Pogo Revisited: Caring about animals and creativity", National Animal Interest Alliance.
  62. ^ "Helping Animals in Our Region", PETA's Community Animal Project
  63. ^ Companion Animals FAQs, PETA's position on pets or 'companion animals'
  64. ^ Online Animal Reporting 2004, Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.
  65. ^ Online Animal Reporting 2005, Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.
  66. ^ a b Newkirk, Ingrid. "Controlling an animal as deadly as a weapon", San Francisco Chronicle, June 8, 2005.
  67. ^ a b "A reply from PETA to a letter inquiring about its euthanization decisions", Petrescueonline.net.
  68. ^ a b "Euthanasia: The Compassionate Option"[1], Peta.org
  69. ^ The Virginian Pilot, July 20, 2005.
  70. ^ The New Yorker, April 14, 2003.
  71. ^ Barakat, Matthew. "PETA Euthanized More Than 1000 Animals Last Year", Associated Press
  72. ^ The New Yorker, April 14, 2003.
  73. ^ Open Statement from Primarily Primates, Regarding Kermit and the Chimpanzees Formerly the Property of Ohio State University 14 March 2006, Ohio State University
  74. ^ Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services
  75. ^ a b Better dead than fed, PETA says by Debra J. Saunders June 23, 2005 San Francisco Chronicle
  76. ^ [2] PETA VDACS records
  77. ^ Online Animal Reporting 2004, Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.
  78. ^ Online Animal Reporting 2005, Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.
  79. ^ Murry, Iain & Osorio, Ivan. PETA: Cruel and Unusual from Human Events Jan 16, 2006.
  80. ^ "Must Love Dogs … to Death" — Jeff Perz, The Abolitionist Online
  81. ^ The American Physiological Society
  82. ^ [3], “HSUS Pet Overpopulation Estimates”],
  83. ^ “Spay/Neuter Immediately”, “HelpingAnimals.com”
  84. ^ Better dead than fed, PETA says — Debra J. Saunders, San Francisco Chronicle
  85. ^ “The Dilemma of the Unwanted” San Francisco Chronicle, June 30, 2005.
  86. ^ "Nhamp. suspends PETA agreement" — Roanoke-Chowan News-Herald
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  88. ^ a b CNN transcript of Anderson Cooper 360 Degrees
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PETAs president and co-founder Ingrid Newkirk Ingrid Newkirk (born July 11, 1949) is a British-born animal rights activist, author, and president of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), the worlds largest animal rights organization. ... National Review (NR) is a biweekly magazine of political opinion, founded by author William F. Buckley, Jr. ... ... Covance (NYSE: CVD), formerly Hazleton Laboratories, with headquarters in Princeton, New Jersey, is one of the worlds largest and most comprehensive drug development services companies, according to its own website, with annual revenues over $1 billion, global operations in 17 countries, and approximately 6,700 employees worldwide. ... The Ohio State University (OSU) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Ohio. ... Todays San Francisco Chronicle was founded in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle by teenage brothers Charles de Young and Michael H. de Young. ... 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Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Todays San Francisco Chronicle was founded in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle by teenage brothers Charles de Young and Michael H. de Young. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 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References

  • PETA homepage
  • "PETA annual review 2004", Peta.org.
  • "Animal rights", Encyclopedia Britannica, 2006.
  • Morrison, A.R. (2001). Personal Reflections on the “Animal-Rights” Phenomenon. In Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, vol 44:1, pp. 62–75. The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Meet Your Meat a PETA-produced film about the treatment of animals in the egg and meat industries. Narrated by Alec Baldwin
  • Newkirk, Ingrid. Free the Animals. Lantern Books, 2000. ISBN 1-930051-22-0
  • Quotes, Animal Law Section, National Association for Biomedical Research.
  • "We will win!", PETA interview with Sir Paul McCartney, retrieved July 10, 2006.
  • "Fur farm investigation", narrated by Stella McCartney, PETAtv.com
  • "Stella McCartney", Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2006.
  • Undercover video footage of HLS employees beating a puppy, filmed at the Huntingdon Research Centre, England.
  • History of PETA's fur campaign, Furisdead.com.
  • "Fashion and Dress", Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2006.
  • "Fur", Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2006.
  • Runningofthenudes.com (video).
  • Pictures from the 'Running of the nudes' 2006
  • "Eternal Treblinka", Peta.org.
  • Dougherty, Kerry "Arafat gets ass-inine plea from PETA on intifada", Jewish World Review, February 10, 2003.
  • Doward, Jamie. "Kill scientists, says animal rights chief", The Observer, July 25, 2004.
  • Doward, Jamie. "Beauty and the beasts", The Observer, August 1, 2004.
  • Freeman, Darren. "PETA workers face 25 felony counts in North Carolina", The Virginian Pilot, October 15, 2005
  • Friedman, Stefan C. "The PETA-ELF connection", New York Post.
  • Hsu, Spencer S. "FBI Papers Show Terror Inquiries Into PETA; Other Groups Tracked", The Washington Post, December 20, 2005.
  • Johnson, David. Review of The Mind and the Brain: Neuroplasticity and the Power of Mental Force, curledup.com.
  • Loewenberg, Anna Sophie. "The Fur Police", The New York Review of Magazines, undated, retrieved July 11, 2006.
  • Newkirk, Ingrid. "The ALF: Who, Why, and What?", Terrorists or Freedom Fighters? Reflections on the Liberation of Animals. Best, Steven & Nocella, Anthony J (eds). Lantern 2004,
  • Schwartz, Jeffrey M. and Begley, Sharon. The Mind and the Brain: Neuroplasticity and the Power of Mental Force, Regan Books, 2002.
  • Sideris, Lisa et al. "Roots of Concern with Nonhuman Animals in Biomedical Ethics", Institute for Laboratory Animal Research, ILAR Journal V40(1) 1999.
  • Smith, Wesley J. "PETA to cannibals: Don't let them eat steak", San Francisco Chronicle, December 21, 2003.
  • Teather, David. "'Holocaust on a plate' angers US Jews"], The Guardian, March 3, 2003.
  • Woolcock, Nicola. "Animal rights activists convicted in the US of terrorising British lab", The Times, March 4, 2006.
  • Zappia, Corina. "Bloody Brilliant Pie, Anna Wintour, and the history of fur protest", Village Voice, October 20, 2005.
  • Dave P. Workman. Peta Files: The Dark Side of the Animal Rights Movement 2003. ISBN 0-936783-32-X

Alexander Rae Alec Baldwin III (born April 3, 1958) is an Emmy- and Academy Award-nominated, and Golden Globe Award-winning, American actor. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
  • PETA's website
  • PETA's page at Network for Good
  • Craft, Nikki. "PeTA: Where Only Women Are Treated Like Meat"
  • No Kill Now!, a no-kill philosophy animal advocacy group opposed to PETA's broad support of euthanasia
  • In Defense of PETA's Naked Protest Tactics

 
 

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