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Encyclopedia > People's Army of Vietnam

The People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) is the term used by the Vietnamese for their armed forces. During the Vietnam War (1957–1975), the U.S. referred to it as the North Vietnamese Army (NVA), or Army of North Vietnam. The name in Vietnamese is Quân Đội Nhân Dân Việt Nam, and has always been officially known as such since its initial formation in 1944. The PAVN was not the Viet Cong (although certain elements disguised as such occasionally), nor the Viet Minh. The PAVN now includes Ground Forces (including PAVN Strategic Rear Forces and Border Defence Forces), PAVN Navy (including PAVN Naval infantry), PAVN Air Force, and PAVN Coast Guard. The armed forces of a state are its government sponsored defense and fighting forces and organizations. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) United States of America South Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand the Philippines Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) National Liberation Front (Viet Cong) Strength ~1,200,000 (1968) ~420,000 (1968) Casualties South Vietnamese dead: 1,250,000+ US dead: 58,226 US wounded... A Viet Cong soldier, heavily guarded, awaits interrogation following capture in the attacks on Saigon during the festive Tet holiday period of 1968. ... The Viet Minh (abbreviated from Việt Nam ộc Lập ồng Minh Hội, League for the Independence of Vietnam) was formed by Ho Ngoc Lam and Nguyen Hai Than in 1941 to seek independence for Vietnam from France. ... Army or Ground Force of the Peoples Army of Vietnam consists of: artillery unit combat engineering unit signal chemical warfare unit armor special forces units (icluding PAVN Strategic Rear Forces) Prior to 1975, Vietnams army consisted of: Army of the Republic of Vietnam - supported by the US Army... The Vietnamese Navy (or PAVN Navy) is part of the Peoples Army of Vietnam and is responsible for the protection of national waters, islands and interests of the maritime economy, as well as for the coordination of maritime police, customs service and the border defense force. ... The Air Guard and Air Force The air component of the Peoples Army of Vietnam consists of: Air Guard Air Force Both consist of anti-aircraft troops as well as air force troops. ... In addition to naval control of the waters around Vietnam, PAVN also maintain marine border control or PAVN Coast Guard. ...

Contents


History

The predecessor of the PAVN was the Armed Propaganda Unit for National Liberation, an organization that was formed by Ho Chi Minh on December 22, 1944 to drive the French colonialists and Japanese occupiers from Vietnam. http://indochine54.free.fr/vm/vietminh.html#top Hồ Chí Minh (Chinese : 胡志明) (help· info) (May 19, 1890 – September 2, 1969) was a Vietnamese revolutionary and statesman, who later became Prime Minister (1946-1955) and President (1955-1969) of North Vietnam. ... December 22 is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... According to Vietnamese legends, the History of Vietnam dates back more than 4,000 years. ...


General Vo Nguyen Giap was the first Commander-in-Chief of PAVN and the fourth Minister of National Defence (after Chu Van Tan, Phan Anh, Ta Quang Buu). Võ Nguyên Giáp General Võ Nguyên Giáp (born 25 August 1911) is a Vietnamese four-star general, who was the military leader of the Viet Minh guerrilla group under Hồ Chí Minhs political leadership, and of the Peoples Army of Vietnam (PAVN) in the Democratic...


During peaceful periods, the PAVN has actively been involved in Vietnam's workforce to develop the economy of Vietnam, in order to coordinate national defense and the economy. The PAVN is involved in such areas as industry, agriculture, forestry, fishery and telecommunications. // History after 1985 In 1986, the Sixth Party Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam formally abandoned Marxist economic planning and began introducing market elements as part of a broad economic reform package called Doi Moi (Renovation). In many ways, this followed the Chinese model and achieved similar results. ... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... A lobster boat unloading its catch in Ilfracombe harbour, North Devon, England A fishery (plural: fisheries) is an organized effort by humans to catch fish or other aquatic species, an activity known as fishing. ... BlackBerry 7100t Telecommunication refers to the communication of information at a distance. ...


The Vietnamese People’s Army today

Organization

The President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is the Commander-in-Chief, while the Minister of National Defense oversees operations of the PAVN. The Minister of National Defense oversees such agencies as the General Staff and the General Logistics Department. However, military policy is ultimately directed by the Central Military Commission of the ruling Communist Party of Vietnam. Commander-in-Chief (in NATO-lingo often C-in-C or CINC pronounced sink) is the commander of all the military forces within a particular region or of all the military forces of a state. ... A minister or a secretary is a politician who heads a government ministry or department (e. ... A General Staff is a group of professional military officers who act in a staff or administrative role under the command of a general officer. ... Stamp featuring Ho Chi Minh commemorating the 70th anniversary of the Communist Party The Communist Party of Vietnam (Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam) is the currently and indefinitely ruling, as well as the only legal political party in Vietnam. ...


The PAVN is composed of a main force and local forces. As with most countries' armed forces, the PAVN consists of standing, or regular, forces as well as reserve forces. During peacetime, the standing forces are minimized in number, and kept combat-ready by regular physical and weapons training, and stock maintenance. The bayonet, still used in war as both knife and spearpoint. ...


Branches

The People's Army of Vietnam is comprised of various units of the main forces (Chủ lực), local forces (Địa phương) and the People's Defence Forces (Dân quân-Tự vệ).


It is subdivided into the following branches and sub-branches:

  • Lục quân (Ground Force)
    • Biên phòng (Border Defence Force)
    • Quân cơ động (Strategic Rear Force)
  • Hải quân (Naval Force)
    • (Naval Infantry or Marines)
    • Hải phòng (Coast Guard)
  • Phòng không-Không quân (Air Defence and Air Force).

As mentioned above, reserves exist in all branches and are organized in the same way as the standing forces, with the same chain of command, and with officers and non-commissioned officers. This article deals with the military concept. ... An officer is a member of a military service who holds a position of responsibility. ... A non-commissioned officer (sometimes noncommissioned officer), also known as an NCO or noncom, is a non-commissioned member of an armed force who has been given authority by a commissioned officer. ...


See Vietnamese military ranks and insignia. The Peoples Army of Vietnam distinguishes three careerpaths: Officers (sĩ quan), non-commissioned officers (hạ sĩ quan), and enlisted members (chiến sĩ). // Commisioned Officers of the Peoples Army of Vietnam General Officers and Brass Highest Rank (Army Forces) Đại Tướng (General) Army Forces, Air and Air...


International presence

The Foreign Relations Department of the Ministry of National Defense organizes international operations of the PAVN.


Apart from its occupation of half of the disputed Spratly Islands, which have been claimed as Vietnamese territory since the 17th century, Vietnam has not had forces stationed internationally since its withdrawal from Cambodia and Laos in early 1990.


Components

Main Force

The main force of the PAVN consists of combat ready troops, as well as educational institutions for logistics, officer training, and technical training.


Local Forces

Local forces are an entity of the PAVN that, together with the militia and "self-defense forces," act on the local level in protection of people and local authorities. While the local forces are regular PAVN forces, the militia consists of rural civilians, and the self-defense forces consist of civilians who live in urban areas and/or work in large groups, such as at construction sites or farms. Lexington Minuteman representing militia minuteman John Parker A militia is a group of citizens organized to provide paramilitary service. ...


Manpower

The People's Army of Vietnam consists of:

  • Military manpower - military age: age for compulsory service: 18-27 years old; conscript service obligation - 18 months
  • Military manpower - availability:
    • males age 15-49: 21,341,813 (2005 est.)
  • Military manpower - fit for military service:
    • males age 15-49: 16,032,358 (2005 est.)
  • Military manpower - reaching military age annually:
    • males: 915,572 (2005 est.)
  • Military expenditures: $1 billion (FY2002)
  • Military expenditures - percent of GDP: 0.5% (FY2002)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Vietnam People's Army - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (806 words)
During the Second Indochinese War (Vietnam War) (1957–1975), the U.S. incorrectly referred to it as the North Vietnamese Army (NVA), or People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and this term is commonly found throughout Vietnam War-related subjects.
The President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is the Commander-in-Chief, while the Minister of National Defense oversees operations of the VPA.
The Vietnam People's Army is comprised of various units of the main forces (Chủ lực), local forces (Địa phương) and the People's Defence Forces (Dân quân-Tự vệ).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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