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Encyclopedia > People's Artist of the USSR
Maria Yermolova, first People's Artist of the Republic (1920).
Maria Yermolova, first People's Artist of the Republic (1920).

People's Artist of the USSR (Russian: народный артист СССР; fem. народная артистка СССР), also translated as National Artist of the USSR, was a title bestowed for exceptional achievements in performing arts in the former USSR. Its recipients include many of the most aclaimed composers, dancers, singers, film and theatre directors and actors of every republic. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (351x700, 56 KB)Valentin Serov. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (351x700, 56 KB)Valentin Serov. ... Maria Nikolayevna Yermolova (1853-1928) was the greatest actress in the history of the Malyi Theatre in Moscow and the first person to be proclaimed the Peoples Artist of the Republic (1921). ...


The title was introduced in 1936, replacing an earlier title of "People's Artist of the Republic". The first recepient of the title was the actress Maria Yermolova. The last persons to be honoured with the title were Oleg Yankovsky and Alla Pugacheva, just hours before the Union's demise. 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Maria Nikolayevna Yermolova (1853-1928) was the greatest actress in the history of the Malyi Theatre in Moscow and the first person to be proclaimed the Peoples Artist of the Republic (1921). ... Alla on the Star Factory television show, 2004 Alla Borisovna Pugacheva (А́лла Бори́совна Пугачё́ва), pronounced Pougachyova, born April 15, 1949 in Moscow, Russia, is perhaps the best known musical performer in Russia, her career having started in 1965 and continuing to this day. ...


Originally, the title was bestowed on theatre actors, ballet dancers, and opera singers only. Gradually, it came to be bestowed upon film actors (e.g., Lyubov Orlova), composers (e.g., Dmitry Shostakovich), pop singers (e.g., Leonid Utyosov), comics (e.g., Arkady Raikin), and even clowns (e.g., Oleg Popov). Dmitri Dmitrievich Shostakovich  listen (Russian: ) (September 25, 1906 – August 9, 1975) was a Russian composer of the Soviet period. ... Oleg Konstantinovich Popov is an extremely famous Russian clown and circus artist. ...


Normally, a person was named the People's Artist of the USSR after 40 years of age. Exception was made for ballet artists, e.g., Nadezhda Pavlova received the title at the age of 28. Among the actors, the youngest recipient was Sergey Bondarchuk (age 32). The youngest actress to receive the title was Yuri Andropov's daughter-in-law, Lyudmila Chursina (age 40). Yuri Vladimirovich Andropov (Ю́рий Влади́мирович Андро́пов), (June 2 (O.S.) = June 15 (N.S.), 1914 – February 9, 1984) was a Soviet politician and General Secretary of the CPSU from November 12, 1982 until his death just sixteen months later. ...


As of 2005, the earliest living recipients of the title were three ballet artists: Olga Lepeshinskaya (1951), Igor Moiseyev (1953), and Maya Plisetskaya (1959). 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Igor A. Moiseyev Igor Alexandrovich Moiseyev (Russian: ; born Kiev, January 21 (O.S. January 8) 1906) has been widely acclaimed as the greatest 20th-century choreographer of folk dance. ... Maya in the 1964 production of Don Quixote. ...


Each Soviet Republic, as well as the Autonomous Republics (ASSRs), had a similar award held previously by virtually every receiver of the higher title of People's Artist of the USSR. In its final decades of its existence, the Soviet Union consisted of 15 Soviet Socialist Republics (SSR), often called simply Soviet republics. ...

Sofia Rotaru, for example, was named Distinguished Artist of the Ukrainian SSR in 1973, People's Artist of the Ukrainian SSR in 1976, People's Artist of the Moldovian SSR in 1983, and finally People's Artist of the USSR in 1988. State motto: Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Workers of the world, unite!) Official language None (Russian in practice) Capital Moscow (last) Chairman of the Supreme Council Boris Yeltsin Established In the USSR:  - Since  - Until November 7, 1917 December 30, 1922 December 12, 1991 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 1st in former Soviet Union 17,075,200... State motto: Пролетарі всіх країн, єднайтеся! Official language None. ... State motto: Пралетарыі ўсіх краін, яднайцеся! Belarusian: Workers of the world, unite! Official language None. ... State motto: Барлық елдердің пролетарлары, бірігіңдер! Official language None. ... State motto: Visų Å¡alių proletarai, vienykitÄ—s (Workers of all countries, unite) Official language Constitutionally, all languages were equal. ... State motto: Пролетарь дин тоате цэриле, униць-вэ! Official language None. ... State motto: Visu zemju proletārieÅ¡i, savienojieties! Official language Latvian, Russian (de facto). ... State motto: Kõigi maade proletaarlased, ühinege Official language Estonian, Russian (de facto) Capital Tallinn Chairman of the Supreme Council Arnold Rüütel (at the time of regaining independence) Established In the USSR:  - Since  - Until July 21, 1940 August 6, 1940 August 20, 1991 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 13th in... Sofia Rotaru (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ; born Marshyntsi, Chernivtsi Oblast, August 7, 1947 is a Soviet / Ukrainian singer from a Moldovan family. ... 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ... 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1983 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 is a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


See also

  • Category:People's Artists of the USSR - list of recipients
  • Hero of Socialist Labour - the highest civilian decoration in the USSR

 
 

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