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Encyclopedia > Penwith
Penwith District
Penzanze
Penwith
Shown within the UK and Cornwall
Geography
Status: Non-metropolitan district
Region: South West England
Ceremonial and Administrative County: Cornwall
Area:
- Total
Ranked 155th
303.56 km²
Admin. HQ: Penzance
ONS code: 15UF
Demographics
Population:
- Total (2005 est.)
- Density
Ranked 320th
64,000
211 / km²
Ethnicity: 98.9% White
Politics
Image:Penwith_Crest.JPG
Penwith District Council
http://www.penwith.gov.uk
Leadership: Alternative - Sec.31
Control: TBA (council NOC)
MP: Andrew George
Civil Parishes
Satellite image of the Penwith peninsula
farmland in St Buryan parish looking south towards the sea
farmland in St Buryan parish looking south towards the sea
Cattle being raised in the south of the district
Cattle being raised in the south of the district
Aerial photo looking across Land's End to Cape Cornwall
Aerial photo looking across Land's End to Cape Cornwall
Celtic cross near St Loy's Cove, St Buryan
Celtic cross near St Loy's Cove, St Buryan
Rocky cove at St Loy in the south of the district
Rocky cove at St Loy in the south of the district

Penwith (Cornish: Pennwydh) is a local government district in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom, whose council is based in Penzance. The district covers all of the Penwith peninsula, the toe-like promontory of land at the western end of Cornwall and which includes an area of land to the east that falls outside the peninsula, being the most westerly district on mainland England. The district is named after one of the ancient administrative hundreds of Cornwall which derives from the two Cornish words, penn meaning 'headland' and wydh meaning 'at the end'. The current district was created on April 1, 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, as a merger of Penzance and St. Ives boroughs, St Just urban district, and West Penwith Rural District. Image File history File links UK_england-PZ.png Summary Created from UK_england. ... Image File history File links map File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For other uses, see Cornwall (disambiguation). ... Non-metropolitan districts or commonly Shire districts are a type of local government district in England. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... South West England is one of the regions of England. ... The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England. ... A shire county or non-metropolitan county in England, is a county level entity which is not a metropolitan county. ... For other uses, see Cornwall (disambiguation). ... Area is the measure of how much exposed area any two dimensional object has. ... This is a list of districts of England ordered by area. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Penzance Harbour and surrounding area as seen from the air Penzance (Cornish: Pensans) is a civil parish and port town in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England, UK. Granted various Royal Charters from 1512 onwards and incorporated in 1614,[2] it has a population of 21,168[1] people and... The Office for National Statistics coding system is a hierarchical code used in the United Kingdom for tabulating census and other statistical data. ... For other uses, see Density (disambiguation). ... The figures are mid-year estimates for 2005, unless otherwise stated, from the Office for National Statistics [1]. See also: List of towns and cities in England by population - List of English counties by population - List of ceremonial counties of England by population - List of English districts by area - List... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The United Kingdom is divided into four parts, England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. ... NOC can refer to: National Olympic Committee, a group eligible to enter athletes and teams into an Olympic Games. ... This is a list of MPs elected in the UK general election, 2005 to the House of Commons for the Fifty-Fourth Parliament of the United Kingdom at the United Kingdom general election, 2005, arranged by constituency. ... Andrew Henry George (born December 2, 1958) British politician. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... St Buryan is a village and civil parish in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England. ... St Levan is a village and civil parish in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England. ... Looking due North over Sennen Bay Sennen is the most westerly village in mainland England (though not Britain), being less than a mile from Lands End, in Cornwall. ... St Just (Cornish: Lannyust) is a town in Cornwall. ... Morvah is a hamlet in the far west of Cornwall. ... Sancreed is a village and civil parish in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England. ... This is where Dolly Pentrieth, reputedly and disputedly, the last native speaker of Cornish lived. ... Penzance Harbour and surrounding area as seen from the air Penzance (Cornish: Pensans) is a civil parish and port town in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England, UK. Granted various Royal Charters from 1512 onwards and incorporated in 1614,[2] it has a population of 21,168[1] people and... Madron is a village in West Cornwall, Britain in the district of Penwith situated outside of the modern parish boundary of the town of Penzance. ... Zennor Quoit, about a mile southeast of Zennor village. ... Towednack is a small Cornish village, situated relatively near the seaside town of St. ... St Ives harbour and the local rescue lifeboat. ... Ludgvan is a village and civil parish in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England. ... Hayle (Cornish: Heyl) is a town and civil parish in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England, UK. The parish was created in 1888 from part of the now defunct Phillack parish, with which it was later combined in 1935, and incorporated part of St Erth in 1937. ... Gwinear-Gwithian is a civil parish in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England. ... Map sources for St Erth at grid reference SW544356 St Erth (Cornish: Lannudhno/Praze Pras) stands at the old crossing point of the river Hayle, in the west of Cornwall. ... St Hilary is a village and civil parish in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England. ... Perranuthnoe is a village and civil parish in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England. ... Marazion (Cornish: Marghasyow) is a civil parish and town in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England, UK. It lies on the shores of Mounts Bay, two miles east of Penzance and is served by the Great Western Railway. ... St. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 513 pixelsFull resolution (1316 × 844 pixel, file size: 125 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Screenshot from NASA WorldWind program. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 513 pixelsFull resolution (1316 × 844 pixel, file size: 125 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Screenshot from NASA WorldWind program. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 417 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Farmland cut for hay taken near St Buryan taken by Mammal4 I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 417 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Farmland cut for hay taken near St Buryan taken by Mammal4 I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and... St Buryan is a village and civil parish in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England. ... Satellite view of the English Channel The English Channel (French: , the sleeve) is an arm of the Atlantic Ocean that separates the island of Great Britain from northern France and joins the North Sea to the Atlantic. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 462 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) cattle in the south of the district taken by Mammal4 I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 462 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) cattle in the south of the district taken by Mammal4 I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 508 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Edited photo from Wikipedia commons and reuploaded - changed levels to take into account glass window of helicopter and made clearer Mammal4 14:16, 1 August... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 508 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Edited photo from Wikipedia commons and reuploaded - changed levels to take into account glass window of helicopter and made clearer Mammal4 14:16, 1 August... Lands End shown within Cornwall Lands End, the most westerly point in England The wreck of the RMS Mülheim at Lands End, 2003 This article is about the location at the western tip of Cornwall. ... Cape Cornwall, Englands only cape Cape Cornwall is a small headland in Cornwall, England, four miles north of Lands End near the village St Just. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1920 × 2560 pixel, file size: 1,004 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Celtic cross near St Loy cove taken by Mammal4 I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1920 × 2560 pixel, file size: 1,004 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Celtic cross near St Loy cove taken by Mammal4 I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or... St Loys Cove in the south of the parish of St Buryan St Loys Cove is a small bay in the south of the parish of St Buryan in the Penwith district of Cornwall, UK. It lies at the mouth of a deep cut wooded river valley and... St Buryan is a village and civil parish in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1920 × 2560 pixel, file size: 581 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) South coast of the distrcit taken by mammal4 I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1920 × 2560 pixel, file size: 581 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) South coast of the distrcit taken by mammal4 I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this... St Loys Cove in the south of the parish of St Buryan St Loys Cove is a small bay in the south of the parish of St Buryan in the Penwith district of Cornwall, UK. It lies at the mouth of a deep cut wooded river valley and... For the Cornish-English dialect, see West Country dialects. ... Non-metropolitan districts or commonly Shire districts are a type of local government district in England. ... For other uses, see Cornwall (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Penzance Harbour and surrounding area as seen from the air Penzance (Cornish: Pensans) is a civil parish and port town in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England, UK. Granted various Royal Charters from 1512 onwards and incorporated in 1614,[2] it has a population of 21,168[1] people and... Hundreds of Cornwall in the early 19th century, (formerly known as Cornish Shires). ... For the Cornish-English dialect, see West Country dialects. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... The Local Government Act 1972 (1972 c. ... In the British Isles an urban district was a type of local government district which covered an urbanised area. ... West Penwith Rural District was a rural district in Cornwall, United Kingdom from 1894 to 1974. ...

Contents

Geography

The Penwith peninsula sits predominantly on granite bedrock that has led to the formation of a rugged coastline with many fine beaches. The contact between the granite and the adjoining sedimentary rock (mostly shales) is most clearly seen forming the cliffs at Land's End, the most westerly point in the district and this geology has resulted in the mining that has made Cornwall famous. Tin and copper has been mined in the area since pre-Roman times and the landscape is dotted with ruined mine buildings. Inland, the peninsula is primarily granite with a thin top soil. This combined with Cornwall's exposed position and the prevailing weather systems from the Atlantic Ocean means that, with the exception of the high moor areas, much of the area is a semi-bare plateau standing around 130 m above sea level. This is most evident on the north coast between St Just and Zennor where the remains of the ancient seabed of the Pliocene era are visible. There are several deep valleys cut into this plateau such as Lamorna, where sufficient shelter from the weather is gained for trees to establish and grow. The shelter of these valleys and the mild climate gives Penwith a flora not seen anywhere else in the UK. Penzance's Morrab Gardens is able to grow bananas. Penwith also contains an artificial lake, Drift Reservoir, which is located appromimately 3 miles west of Penzance. In addition to Penwith's status as a Heritage coastline, west Penwith, an area of 90 square kilometres, is considered an Environmentally Sensitive Area. Close-up of granite from Yosemite National Park, valley of the Merced River Quarrying granite for the Mormon Temple, Utah Territory. ... Lands End shown within Cornwall Lands End, the most westerly point in England The wreck of the RMS Mülheim at Lands End, 2003 This article is about the location at the western tip of Cornwall. ... Chuquicamata, the second largest open pit copper mine in the world, Chile. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... St Just (Cornish: Lannyust) is a town in Cornwall. ... Zennor Quoit, about a mile southeast of Zennor village. ... The Pliocene epoch (spelled Pleiocene in some older texts) is the period in the geologic timescale that extends from 5. ... Categories: UK geography stubs | Towns in Cornwall ... Simplified schematic of an islands flora - all its plant species, highlighted in boxes. ... Penzance Harbour and surrounding area as seen from the air Penzance (Cornish: Pensans) is a civil parish and port town in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England, UK. Granted various Royal Charters from 1512 onwards and incorporated in 1614,[2] it has a population of 21,168[1] people and... The Morrab Gardens cover approximately three acres (12,000 m²) and are set in the centre of Penzance, Cornwall. ... Drift Reservoir (grid reference SW430290) is a reservoir in Penwith district, Cornwall, England, just north of Drift village, southwest of Penzance. ... A Heritage Coast is a strip of coastline designated by the Countryside Agency in England and Wales. ... An Environmentally Sensitive Area (ESA) is a type of designation for an agricultural area which needs special protection because of its landscape, wildlife or historical value. ...


The principal towns in Penwith are Penzance, the port town and seat of local government, and St Ives, one of the county's most popular seaside resorts. The district is largely rural, and contains many villages, principal amongst them being Botallack, Carbis Bay, Crowlas, Drift, Gulval, Gwithian, Hayle, Lamorna, Lelant, Levant, Long Rock, Ludgvan, Madron, Marazion, Morvah, Mousehole, Nancledra, Newlyn, Paul, Penberth, Pendeen, Porthcurno, Sancreed, Sennen, St Buryan, St Erth, St Hilary, St Just in Penwith, St Levan and Zennor. Penzance Harbour and surrounding area as seen from the air Penzance (Cornish: Pensans) is a civil parish and port town in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England, UK. Granted various Royal Charters from 1512 onwards and incorporated in 1614,[2] it has a population of 21,168[1] people and... St Ives harbour and the local rescue lifeboat. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Botallack (Cornish: Bostalek) is an ex-tin mining village in Cornwall,United Kingdom near Lands End. ... Carbis Bay shown within Cornwall Carbis Bay (Cornish: Karrbons) is a village in the district of Penwith in Cornwall, United Kingdom. ... Crowlas is a village in the Penwith district of Cornwall, UK. Crowlas is situated on the A30 about 3 miles east of the town of Penzance and forms a small conurbation with Ludgvan Lower Quarter, within the parish of the same name. ... Drift is a village in the civil parish of Sancreed in the Penwith district of Cornwall, United Kingdom. ... Gulval is a village and civil parish in the district of Penwith, in Cornwall, United Kingdom. ... Gwithian Beach, Penwith Gwithian is a beach in Penwith, Cornwall, UK. It is located to the East side of St Ives Bay. ... Hayle (Cornish: Heyl) is a town and civil parish in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England, UK. The parish was created in 1888 from part of the now defunct Phillack parish, with which it was later combined in 1935, and incorporated part of St Erth in 1937. ... Categories: UK geography stubs | Towns in Cornwall ... Lelant is a village in Cornwall, England,UK situated between the nearby towns of Hayle and St Ives Earliest attested spelling Lananta, about year 1170. ... Long Rock is village in Cornwall, UK. Long Rock currently falls within the parish boundaries of Ludgvan and is situated about 2 miles from the town of Penzance. ... Ludgvan is a village and civil parish in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England. ... Madron is a village in West Cornwall, Britain in the district of Penwith situated outside of the modern parish boundary of the town of Penzance. ... Marazion (Cornish: Marghasyow) is a civil parish and town in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England, UK. It lies on the shores of Mounts Bay, two miles east of Penzance and is served by the Great Western Railway. ... Morvah is a hamlet in the far west of Cornwall. ... Mousehole Harbour See Mousehole (drilling) for the drilling term Mousehole (pronounced /Mauzl; in Cornish Porthynys) is a fishing village near Newlyn in Cornwall, United Kingdom, reputed to have one of the most beautiful harbours in the country. ... Nancledra is a village in Cornwall, UK. This village is about 4 miles (6km) from the towns of St Ives and Penzance. ... Newlyn Map sources for Newlyn at grid reference SW461284 Newlyn (Cornish: Lulynn) is a town in southwest Cornwall, UK. The town forms a small conurbation with neighbouring Penzance, and part of the civil parish of Penzance. ... This is where Dolly Pentrieth, reputedly and disputedly, the last native speaker of Cornish lived. ... Penberth is a small village on the Penwith peninsula in Cornwall, United Kingdom. ... Pendeen is a fairly small town which is close to the coastline in Cornwall, Britain. ... Aerial photo of Porthcurno Beach showing the Minack Theatre in the cliff face and Green Bay In the 19th Century Porthcurno was connected to the rest of the World by telegraph cables. ... Sancreed is a village and civil parish in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England. ... Looking due North over Sennen Bay Sennen is the most westerly village in mainland England (though not Britain), being less than a mile from Lands End, in Cornwall. ... St Buryan is a village and civil parish in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England. ... Map sources for St Erth at grid reference SW544356 St Erth (Cornish: Lannudhno/Praze Pras) stands at the old crossing point of the river Hayle, in the west of Cornwall. ... St Hilary is a village and civil parish in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England. ... St Just (Cornish: Lannyust) is a town in Cornwall. ... St Levan is a village and civil parish in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England. ... Zennor Quoit, about a mile southeast of Zennor village. ...

For a full list of settlements in Penwith see List of places in Penwith

As a small peninsula at the tip of a larger peninsula, the district is somewhat isolated from the rest of the UK. Two major transport routes terminate in the district, the A30 road and the Great Western Main Line railway. The St Ives Bay Line provides local transport between St Ives, and the main line at St Erth. Ferry and helicopter transport to the Isles of Scilly, 28 miles (45 km) west-south-west of the district, is based in Penzance. This is a full list of all the towns, villages, hamlets and other places of note in the Penwith district of Cornwall, United Kingdom Battery Rocks, Penzance, Bejouans, Boscaswell, Boscawen-Un, Bosporthennis, Bosvennen, Boswednack, Botreah, Botallack, Brea Cove, Crows-an-wra, Carbis Bay, Crowlas, Chenhalls, Canons Town, Cape Cornwall... The A30 is an old trunk road (main road) which runs from central London to Lands End, the westernmost point of the mainland of England (though not of mainland Great Britain), and is sometimes called the Great South West Road. ... Maidenhead Railway Bridge The Great Western Main Line is a main line railway in England that runs westwards from London Paddington station to Temple Meads station in Bristol. ... The St Ives Bay Line is a railway line from St Erth to St Ives in Cornwall. ... St Martins taken from the helicopter to Penzance View from Tresco, the second largest member of the Isles of Scilly For the area of Surrey, see Scilly Isles, Surrey. ...


History

Penwith contains the highest concentration of Iron Age and Romano-British archaeological remains in Europe [citation needed]. Iron Age Axe found on Gotland This article is about the archaeological period known as the Iron Age, for the mythological Iron Age see Iron Age (mythology). ... Romano-British is a term used to refer to the Romanized Britons under the Roman Empire (and later the Western Roman Empire) and in the years after the Roman departure exposed to Roman culture and Christian religion. ...


Penwith's population has remained broadly static for the last one hundred and fifty years [11].


Penwith is believed to be the last part of Cornwall to speak Cornish as a community language. Dolly Pentreath, the last recorded speaker (but arguably not the very last) came from Paul in Penwith. A year following the death of Dolly Pentreath, Barrington received a letter, written in Cornish and accompanied by an English translation, from a fisherman in Mousehole named William Bodinar stating that he knew of five people who could speak Cornish in that village alone. Barrington also speaks of a John Nancarrow from Marazion who was a native speaker and survived into the 1790s[1]. Dolly Pentreath (died December 1777) is considered by many to be the last native speaker of the Cornish language (that is, the last person who spoke only or predominantly Cornish). ... This is where Dolly Pentrieth, reputedly and disputedly, the last native speaker of Cornish lived. ... Mousehole Harbour See Mousehole (drilling) for the drilling term Mousehole (pronounced /Mauzl; in Cornish Porthynys) is a fishing village near Newlyn in Cornwall, United Kingdom, reputed to have one of the most beautiful harbours in the country. ... Marazion (Cornish: Marghasyow) is a civil parish and town in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England, UK. It lies on the shores of Mounts Bay, two miles east of Penzance and is served by the Great Western Railway. ...


Chesten Marchant, who died in 1676 at Gwithian is believed to have been the last monoglot Cornish speaker Chesten Marchant who died in 1676 at Gwithian, Cornwall is believed to have been the last monoglot Cornish speaker. ... Gwithian Beach, Penwith Gwithian is a beach in Penwith, Cornwall, UK. It is located to the East side of St Ives Bay. ...


Demographics

Penwith has a population of 64,000 (2005 est.).[2] 96.4% of Penwith residents were born in the UK.


72% of people in the district give Christianity as their religion, whilst nearly 18% of people state that they are non-religious, compared to 15 percent nationally. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is...


Penwith has the 6th highest rate of divorce of any district in England and Wales at 13.4% of the over 16 population, and correspondingly also has one of the lowest percentages of married couple households.


Penwith district has one of the lowest levels of home ownership in the country (280th/376) and is ranked 4th for those without central heating. The district also has one of the lowest rates of second car ownership and is ranked 300 out of 376 districts in England and Wales.


The district has some of the highest indicators of bad health in the country and is ranked 28th and 41st for those described as having long term illness and general poor health respectively.


Penwith has one of the highest unemployment rates of any district, ranked 51st out of 376 districts, and also one of the lowest rates of degree level eductation at 16%, compared to the national averavge of 20% (244th/376). Penwith is also ranked as the district having the 28th largest retired population in England and Wales.


Economy

Penwith is an area of extreme economic deprivation. It is ranked as the 25th most deprived district in England,[3] and it is located in Cornwall, the poorest county in England.[4] It has been suggested that in fact this ranking understates the extent of the problem due to the difficulties of assessing deprivation in dispersed rural populations, and the socially and economically polarised nature of rural communities.[5] Deprivation manifests itself in the form of high youth unemployment, an above average proportion of workers in manual occupations, low mean income and a low percentage of people with higher degrees. High educational attainment up to GCSE and A-level demonstrates the depth of local talent, however, poor job opportunities and the absence, until recently, of a university in Cornwall has meant that much of this young talent leaves the area and never returns.[6] As such Penwith is listed as an Objective 1 area by the European Social Fund, however, this status is due to expire in 2006. Traditionally, like much of the rest of Cornwall, Penwith's economy relied heavily on mining and fishing and was badly affected by the decline of these industries. Although the district has tried to stimulate employment through tourism, many of these jobs are by definition seasonal or part-time and do not replace the skilled jobs lost by the closure of the mines. For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... GCSE is an acronym that can refer to: General Certificate of Secondary Education global common subexpression elimination - an optimisation technique used by some compilers This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The A-level, short for Advanced Level, is a General Certificate of Education qualification in the United Kingdom, usually taken by students during the optional final two years of secondary school (Years 12 & 13, commonly called the Sixth Form), or at a separate sixth form college or further education college... Objective 1 regions are officially designated NUTS level 2 regions within the European Union where per capita GDP is less than 75% of that of the wider union; they also include certain very low population areas in Sweden and Finland and some outlying (i. ... The European Social Fund (ESF) is the oldest of the European Structural Funds that provide grants to support economic development within the European Union. ...


Mining

Tin mining once played an important part in the economy of Penwith, with mines across the district including Levant, Botallack, Cape Cornwall, Ding Dong and Wheal Hope to name a few.[7] Tin mines gradually became economically mined out though the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, as the easier seams were exhausted and more amenable sources of metal were discovered in South America. The collapse of the world tin cartel in 1983 finished what remained of the industry. The last working mine in the district and one of the last in Cornwall was at Geevor which is now a heritage site and museum following grants totalling nearly £4 million from various sources[8] including the Heritage Lottery Fund. The north of the district has arguably suffered the worst from the closure of the mines as there have been few jobs available to replace what was lost to mining. This is most notably the towns of St. Just and Pendeen which have very high levels of unemployment. Many miners from the district have emigrated over the last century in order to find mining jobs abroad. Botallack (Cornish: Bostalek) is an ex-tin mining village in Cornwall,United Kingdom near Lands End. ... Cape Cornwall, Englands only cape Cape Cornwall is a small headland in Cornwall, England, four miles north of Lands End near the village St Just. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... A tin mining museum/heritage centre in the far south west of Cornwall. ... A play here! sign outside a newsagent, incorporating the National Lotterys logo of a stylised hand with crossed fingers. ... St Just (Cornish: Lannyust) is a town in Cornwall. ... Pendeen is a fairly small town which is close to the coastline in Cornwall, Britain. ...


Fishing

Despite the decline in the number of people employed in the fishing industry due to European Union policies, it still plays an important part in the district's economy. Newlyn harbour is the largest deep sea fishing port in England in terms of the value of fish landed (turnover >£18 million 2004) and contributes 2% of the region's GDP.[9] The Newlyn fleet utilises a variety of catching methods, however, the vessels are comparatively small and mostly owned by their skippers in comparison with the large factory boats of Spain and France with whom they share their fishing grounds. Accusations of illegal overfishing by the French and Spanish fleets is a source of local friction. Until the 1960s, pilchards were the major catch landed at Newlyn, which were processed at the nearby pilchard works, before the fish fell out of favour with the public. A revival of pilchard fishing in Penwith in recent years after a rebranding exercise as Cornish sardines[10] (sardines are actually small pilchards). This has been helped by investment from the Objective One programme. Much of the catch is sold abroad in Spain and Italy. Newlyn Map sources for Newlyn at grid reference SW461284 Newlyn (Cornish: Lulynn) is a town in southwest Cornwall, UK. The town forms a small conurbation with neighbouring Penzance, and part of the civil parish of Penzance. ...


Farming

Like much of the rest of the country, farmers in Penwith have in recent years been put under financial pressure, due to a withdrawal of subsidies from the EU Common Agricultural Policy, pressure from supermarkets and crises such as foot and mouth in 2001. Agriculture in Penwith is predominantly dairy with some arable crops such as potatoes, cauliflower and broccoli (confusingly these are locally called broccoli and calebrese, respectively). Cornwall's mild climate and an absence of hard winter frosts mean that these cold senstitve crops can be produced much earlier than in the rest of the country, and early Cornish new potatoes are a lucrative source of income. Unfortunately this cash crop has come under pressure in recent years due to Globalization, which means competition with cheap imports from Egypt. In 2002 the Farm Business Centre was set up to help farmers and farm businesses across Penwith. The centre aims to expand the local agricultural sector and provide advice and funding for farmers in the transition from intensive farming toward more sustainable agriculture. This encourages farmers to seek out novel sources of income such as set-aside and organic and small scale specialist produce such as meat from rare breed animals. A priority 4.6 grant from Objective One, plus funding from the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs totalling more than £300,000 have ensured the centre’s future until September 2008.[11] The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is a system of European Union agricultural subsidies and programmes. ... Notice telling people to keep off the North York Moors. ... In geography, arable land is a form of agricultural land use, meaning land that can be (and is) used for growing crops. ... For other uses, see Potato (disambiguation). ... Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Broccoli is a plant of the Cabbage family, Brassicaceae (formerly Cruciferae). ... A KFC franchise in Kuwait. ... Intensive Farming Intensive agriculture is an agricultural production system characterized by the high inputs as relative to land area (as opposed to extensive farming). ... Set-Aside in the EU, will be updated as i update my IPM from another editor (i also am doing an ipm and shall add it on here) 1. ... The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) is the United Kingdom government department responsible for environmental protection, food production and standards, agriculture, fisheries and rural communities in England. ...


Tourism

Penwith's scenery makes it a popular holiday destination. Local attractions including the Minack Theatre, South West Coast Path, Land's End and the Blue Flag beach at Sennen Cove[12] ensure that tourism plays a major part in Penwith's economy. Additionally, St. Ives has in recent years become a popular New Year's Eve venue. Penwith also has the highest concentration of Neolithic sites in Europe, including monuments at The Merry Maidens, Lanyon Quoit, Chûn Quoit and an Iron Age village at Chysauster. Tourism accounts for 25% of Cornwall's GDP and 19% of housholds in Penwith derive their income from this activity.[13] The Minack Theatre is an open-air theatre, constructed above a gully with a rocky granite outcrop jutting into the sea (minack in Cornish means a stony or rocky place). ... The South West Coast Path passes along the cliffs (seen in the distance) at Ilfracombe, North Devon. ... Lands End shown within Cornwall Lands End, the most westerly point in England The wreck of the RMS Mülheim at Lands End, 2003 This article is about the location at the western tip of Cornwall. ... A Blue Flag beach is a maritime or freshwater recreational beach that has met stringent quality standards during the whole of the previous bathing season. ... Looking due North over Sennen Bay Sennen is the most westerly village in mainland England (though not Britain), being less than a mile from Lands End, in Cornwall. ... For other articles with similar names, see New Year (disambiguation). ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The Merry Maidens The Merry Maidens (grid reference SW432245), also known as Dawns Men (a likely corruption of the Cornish Dans Maen) is a late neolithic stone circle located 2 miles (3 km) to the south of the village of St Buryan, in the Penwith district of Cornwall, United... Lanyon Quoit, West Cornwall Lanyon Quoit is a dolmen in Cornwall. ... The best preserved of all quoits (also called dolmens or cromlechs) in Cornwall, UK is Chûn Quoit, located in open moorland near Madron, Penzance. ... Chysauster Ancient Village is Romano-British village of courtyard houses in Cornwall. ...


Penwith District Council

The current district was created on April 1, 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, as a merger of Penzance and St. Ives boroughs, St Just urban district, and West Penwith Rural District. is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... The Local Government Act 1972 (1972 c. ... In the British Isles an urban district was a type of local government district which covered an urbanised area. ... West Penwith Rural District was a rural district in Cornwall, United Kingdom from 1894 to 1974. ...


From 1972 until 1974, a shadow Penwith authority existed where sitting members of the above mentioned authorities acted in an advisory manner. With the abolition of the predecessor authorities in 1974 St Ives, Hayle, Marazion and St Just obtained Town Council status and from within their ranks began to elect Town Mayors. Penzance failed to obtain parish status for the former borough and Charter Trustees were appointed to continue elections for the position of Mayor of the town. Charter Trustees being the siting members of Penwith District Council within the former borough area. Penzance Town Council was finally created in 1980 initially electing 15 members, this was expanded to 20 members in 1999. From 1974 to the mid 1980s, Penwith District Council was dominated by independent members, only 4 out of the 34 councillors in 1981 held any political allegiance (a situation reflected in other Cornish Authorities at this time). By the late 1980s, however, the council became increasingly party politicised with the Conservative Party being the major political force on the council often forming coalitions with Conservative supporting independents to ensure the day to day operation of the Council. With the general down turn nationally for the Conservatives in 1990s, the Labour Party and to a lesser extent the Liberal Democrats began to make gains at the expense of Conservatives and at the high point of anti-conservative sentiment there remained only four Conservative councillors within the authority. The Conservatives, however, have since the mid 1990s recovered their support to regain their position as the largest party on the Council (14 councillors) with the Liberal Democrats now forming the largest opposition group (12 councillors) - Despite this the council remains hung with no overall control. The current (As of May 4, 2006 Elections) political composition being as follows. St Ives harbour and the local rescue lifeboat. ... Hayle (Cornish: Heyl) is a town and civil parish in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England, UK. The parish was created in 1888 from part of the now defunct Phillack parish, with which it was later combined in 1935, and incorporated part of St Erth in 1937. ... Marazion (Cornish: Marghasyow) is a civil parish and town in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England, UK. It lies on the shores of Mounts Bay, two miles east of Penzance and is served by the Great Western Railway. ... St Just (Cornish: Lannyust) is a town in Cornwall. ... In the United Kingdom, Charter Trustees are set up to maintain the continuity of a town charter or city charter after a district with the status of a borough or city has been abolished, until such time as a parish council is established. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Conservatives 14 Liberal Democrats 12 Labour 1 (sits with Independent group) Independent 8


As of September 2007, it has been decided that, from 2009, Penwith DC will cease to exist. It will be replaced, along with a number of other district councils, with unitary authority for Cornwall.


See also Penwith local elections One third of Penwith Council is elected each year, followed by one year without election. ...


Twinning

Since 1974 the district of Penwith has been twinned with

Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Cuxhaven beach at sunset Cuxhaven is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany, with about 55000 inhabitants. ...

Places of interest

Small National Trust for England logo for use on UK lists of places of interest. ... The standard of the National Trust The National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, usually known as The National Trust, is a British preservation organization. ... Forrestry Commision logo for use on UK lists of places of intrest. ... The Forestry Commission (established in 1919) is a non ministerial Government Department responsible for forestry in Great Britain. ... Image File history File links Country_Park1. ... A country park is an area designated for people to visit and enjoy recreation in a countryside environment. ... Access Land icon for use on UK lists of places of interest, created by Joe D. File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK... icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest, created by Joe D File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK Wikipedians notice... icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest, created by Joe D File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK Wikipedians notice... The Louvre Museum in Paris, one of the largest and most famous museums in the world. ... icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest, created by Joe D File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK Wikipedians notice... A scene on a heritage railway. ... Historic House icon For use with Template:EngPlacesKey or any other use. ... Historic houses in England is a link page for any stately home, country house or other historic house in England. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Castles in England is a link page for any castle in England. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Abbeys and priories in England is a link page for any abbey, priory, friary or other monastic religious house in England. ... The Barbara Hepworth Museum and Sculpture Garden in St Ives, Cornwall preserves the 20th century sculptors house and garden much as they were when she lived and worked there. ... Carn Euny is an archaeological site near Sancreed, on the Penwith peninsula in Cornwall, United Kingdom with considerable evidence of both Iron Age and post-Iron Age settlement. ... Castle An Dinas is an Iron age Hillfort near St Columb Major, Cornwall (grid reference SW945624). ... Access Land icon for use on UK lists of places of interest, created by Joe D. File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK... Chûn Castle is a large hillfort near Penzance in Cornwall, UK. Built around two and a half thousand years ago, the castle fell into disuse until the 6th century AD and was possibly reoccupied to protect the nearby tin mines. ... Access Land icon for use on UK lists of places of interest, created by Joe D. File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK... The best preserved of all quoits (also called dolmens or cromlechs) in Cornwall, UK is Chûn Quoit, located in open moorland near Madron, Penzance. ... Access Land icon for use on UK lists of places of interest, created by Joe D. File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK... Rooms in a building within Chysauster village Chysauster Ancient Village is Romano-British village of courtyard houses in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom, which is in the care of English Heritage. ... English Heritage icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest. ... A tin mining museum/heritage centre in the far south west of Cornwall. ... Godrevy Island is located North-East of Hayle, Cornwall, UK and is a National Trust owned stretch of coast with a famous lighthouse. ... Small National Trust for England logo for use on UK lists of places of interest. ... Lands End shown within Cornwall Lands End, the most westerly point in England The wreck of the RMS Mülheim at Lands End, 2003 This article is about the location at the western tip of Cornwall. ... Access Land icon for use on UK lists of places of interest, created by Joe D. File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK... Lanyon Quoit, West Cornwall Lanyon Quoit is a dolmen in Cornwall. ... Access Land icon for use on UK lists of places of interest, created by Joe D. File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK... Mên-an-Tol The Mên-An-Tol is a small formation of megaliths which looks like a three dimensional number 101. ... Access Land icon for use on UK lists of places of interest, created by Joe D. File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK... The Merry Maidens The Merry Maidens (grid reference SW432245), also known as Dawns Men (a likely corruption of the Cornish Dans Maen) is a late neolithic stone circle located 2 miles (3 km) to the south of the village of St Buryan, in the Penwith district of Cornwall, United... English Heritage icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest. ... The Minack Theatre is an open-air theatre, constructed above a gully with a rocky granite outcrop jutting into the sea (minack in Cornish means a stony or rocky place). ... Mousehole Harbour See Mousehole (drilling) for the drilling term Mousehole (pronounced /Mauzl; in Cornish Porthynys) is a fishing village near Newlyn in Cornwall, United Kingdom, reputed to have one of the most beautiful harbours in the country. ... Mousehole Wild Bird Hospital and Sanctuary is a wildlife hospital based near Mousehole, Cornwall, UK. The hospital was founded in 1928 by Dorothy and Phyllis Yglesias and became famous following the Torrey Canyon disaster. ... Newlyn Art Gallery is a contemporary art gallery located in Newlyn, Cornwall ,UK. The art gallery was the former home of works by the Newlyn School of Art which are now largely located at Penlee House Gallery and Museum in nearby Penzance. ... Paradise Park [1] is a Zoo based near Hayle, Cornwall, UK. It was established in 1973 as a tropical bird garden, and now includes species other than bird in its collection. ... Categories: Organization stubs | Museums in the UK | Art museums and galleries in the UK | Cornwall ... icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest, created by Joe D File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK Wikipedians notice... In the 19th Century Porthcurno was connected to the rest of the World . The Museum of Submarine Telegraphy, Cornwall, is located in the small cornish coastal village of Porthcurno. ... icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest, created by Joe D File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK Wikipedians notice... The South West Coast Path passes along the cliffs (seen in the distance) at Ilfracombe, North Devon. ... St. ... Small National Trust for England logo for use on UK lists of places of interest. ... Trinity House National Lighthouse Museum was a museum that was situated in Penzance, Cornwall, UK which housed the national collection of Trinity House. ... icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest, created by Joe D File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK Wikipedians notice... Tate St Ives is an art gallery in St. ... The Wayside Folk Museum is a small private museum situated in Zennor, Cornwall, UK. The exhibition within the museum concentrates on the past lives, traditions and practices of the people of Zennor and Penwith. ... icon for use on UK lists of places of intrest, created by Joe D File links The following pages link to this file: Cornwall Isle of Wight Bristol Somerset Buckinghamshire Northamptonshire Bedfordshire County Durham Template:EngPlacesKey Wikipedia:Counties of England List of places in Dorset Wikipedia talk:UK Wikipedians notice...

See also

West Penwith Rural District was a rural district in Cornwall, United Kingdom from 1894 to 1974. ... The Penwith Hundred was the name of one of ten ancient administrative shires of Cornwall, in the United Kingdom - see Hundreds of Cornwall. The ancient hundred of Penwith was in fact bigger in size than the current local government district of Penwith which takes its name. ...

References

  1. ^ P. Berresford Ellis, The Story of the Cornish Language, (Tor Mark Press)
  2. ^ Office for National Statistics, 2005. "Quinary age groups and sex for local authorities in the United Kingdom; estimated resident population; Mid-2004 Population Estimates."
  3. ^ Index of Local Deprivation government statistics [1]
  4. ^ Peter Kingston, 2005. "Closed for Business." The Guardian, Tuesday May 10, 2005.
  5. ^ Index of Local Deprivation government statistics [2]
  6. ^ Index of Local Deprivation government statistics [3]
  7. ^ List of mines in west Penwith [4]
  8. ^ Cornwall24 article [5]
  9. ^ Objective One media release [6]
  10. ^ Cornwall24 November 07, 2005 The Newlyn Pilchard Works and grants [7]
  11. ^ Objective One 2006 grant announcements [8]
  12. ^ South West Blue Flag Beaches [9]
  13. ^ Penwith District Council figures [10]
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Penwith

is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Penwith - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (244 words)
Penwith (Cornish: Penwyth) is a local government district in Cornwall, UK.
Tourism plays a major part in Penwith's economy, which was hit by the decline of the mining and fishing industries, which led to Penwith's listing as an Objective 1 area by the European Social Fund.
West Penwith is an Environmentally Sensitive Area of 90 square kilometres.
Penwith District Council (158 words)
Penwith District Council is considering plans from Parkwood PFI Leisure to build a £6m leisure centre in Penzance by the end of 2004.
Penwith District Council is to consider plans from MDL Developments for the £57m transformation of Newlyn quarry into a marina, including a luxury hotel and holiday villas.
Penwith District Council is considering plans for a £5.5m swimming pool and leisure centre in Penzance, and is expected to approach the private sector for funding.
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