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Encyclopedia > Pensacola, Florida
Pensacola, Florida
Pensacola in 1885

Seal
Nickname: The City of Five Flags
Motto: Enhancing the Quality of Life for all Citizens
Location in Escambia County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 30°26′0″N 87°12′0″W / 30.43333, -87.2
Country  United States
State  Florida
County  Escambia
Government
 - Mayor John Fogg (R)
Area
 - City 39.7 sq mi (102.7 km²)
 - Land 22.7 sq mi (58.8 km²)
 - Water 17.0 sq mi (43.9 km²)
Elevation 102 ft (31 m)
Population (2006)
 - City 53,248
 - Density 2,478.7/sq mi (956.8/km²)
 - Metro 437,125
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 850
FIPS code 12-55925[1]
GNIS feature ID 0294117[2]
Website: pensacolacitygov.com

Pensacola is the westernmost city in the Florida Panhandle and the county seat of Escambia County.[3] As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 56,255 and as of 2006, the estimated population was 53,248.[4] However, the Pensacola metropolitan area, comprising Escambia and Santa Rosa counties, had a population of 439,877.[5] Image File history File links 1885 panoramic lithograph of Pensacola, Florida. ... Image File history File links PensaSeal. ... // A nickname is a name of an entity or thing that is not its proper name. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Escambia_County_Florida_Incorporated_and_Unincorporated_areas_Pensacola_Highlighted. ... Escambia County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Image File history File links Flag_of_Florida. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... Following is a list of counties in Florida. ... Escambia County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... John Fogg is an American politician, and since 1994, the mayor of Pensacola, Florida. ... GOP redirects here. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Area code 850 is in use for the Florida Panhandle, USA. [1] Area code 904 was used for the entire part of northern Florida from 11 July 1965, when 904 split from 305, until 904 itself was split in the mid-1990s. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... The Florida Panhandle is the region of the state of Florida which includes the westernmost 16 counties in the state. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Escambia County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... The United States Census of year 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...


Pensacola is a sea port on Pensacola Bay, which connects to the Gulf of Mexico. A large United States Navy airbase, the first in the United States, is located southwest of Pensacola (near the community of Warrington) and is home to the Blue Angels flight demonstration team and the National Museum of Naval Aviation. The main campus of the University of West Florida is situated north of the city center. Categories: Stub | Commercial item transport and distribution | Transportation ... Pensacola Bay is located in the northwestern part of Florida known as the Florida Panhandle. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... USN redirects here. ... Naval Air Station Pensacola, The Cradle of Naval Aviation, is a United States Navy base located in Warrington, Florida, a community southwest of the Pensacola city limits. ... Warrington is a census-designated place located in Escambia County, Florida. ... The United States Navys Blue Angels (or Navy Flight Demonstration Squadron), formed in 1946, is the worlds first officially sanctioned military aerial demonstration team. ... The National Museum of Naval Aviation is located at Naval Air Station Pensacola, Florida. ... This article is about the school. ...


Pensacola is nicknamed "The City of Five Flags" due to the five governments that have flown flags over it during its history: the flags of Spain (Castile), France, Great Britain, the Confederate States of America, and the United States. Other nicknames include "World's Whitest Beaches" (due to the white sand prevalent along beaches in the Florida panhandle), "Cradle of Naval Aviation" (the National Museum of Naval Aviation is located at the Pensacola Naval Air Station, home of the legendary Blue Angels), "Western Gate to the Sunshine State," "America's First Settlement," "Emerald Coast," "Redneck Riviera," and "Red Snapper Capital of the World." The starting point of Crown of Castile can be considered when the union of the Kingdoms of Castile and Leon in 1230 or the later fusion of their Cortes (their Parlaments). ... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial)  States that seceded under CSA control  States and territories claimed by CSA without formal secession and/or control Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia... The National Museum of Naval Aviation is located at Naval Air Station Pensacola, Florida. ... Naval Air Station Pensacola, The Cradle of Naval Aviation, is a United States Navy base located in Warrington, Florida, a community southwest of the Pensacola city limits. ... The United States Navys Blue Angels (or Navy Flight Demonstration Squadron), formed in 1946, is the worlds first officially sanctioned military aerial demonstration team. ... Emerald-green waters in Destin, FL, part of the Emerald Coast. Pensacola Beach, part of the Emerald Coast. The Emerald Coast (sometimes called the Redneck Riviera) is an area in the southeastern United States on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, roughly bounded by Pensacola, Florida on the west... The Redneck Riviera is a colloquialism for a stretch of the Gulf Coast of the southern United States that is known for its resorts and widely considered to have some of best beaches found worldwide. ...

Contents

History

Pensacola was one of the first European settlement attempts in what would later become the United States of America.

Pensacola, Florida has had a rich and colorful history dating nearly 450 years, being one of the earliest European settlement attempts in the continental United States (1559)[6][7][8] and controlled by five countries. Pensacola's location has caused great turmoil, with many buildings destroyed by wars, and by numerous major hurricanes. The location, south of the original British colonies, and as the dividing line between French Louisiana and Spanish Florida, along the Perdido River, has caused the possession of the city to change multiple times. Pensacola has been under the possession of the Spanish, French, British, United States and Confederate States, and has remained a part of the United States since the end of the American Civil War. Along with wars, numerous hurricanes have been a major factor in Pensacola history. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 615 KB)Downtown Pensacola sign, taken by me on 5/28/2005. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 615 KB)Downtown Pensacola sign, taken by me on 5/28/2005. ... Pensacola, Florida has had an impressive history, being the first European settlement in the continental United States. ... January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... This article is about weather phenomena. ... Flag In 1803, the United States concluded the Louisiana Purchase (green area) with France. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... Motto: Deo Vindice (Latin: With God As Our Vindicator) Anthem: God Save the South (unofficial) Dixie (popular) Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Danville, Virginia April 3–April 10, 1865 Largest city New Orleans February 4, 1861–May 1... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...

Pensacola: site of 1698 settlement near Fort Barrancas is marked "X" (above left end of Santa Rosa Island).

Early exploration of Pensacola Bay (called Polonza or Ochuse) spanned decades, with Ponce de León (1513), Pánfilo de Narváez (1528), and Hernando de Soto (1539) plus others charting the area.[8] Image File history File links Florida-Pensacola-map-legend-X-6-1756-FAA.gif‎ City map of Pensacola, Florida, with city limits marked by legend. ... Image File history File links Florida-Pensacola-map-legend-X-6-1756-FAA.gif‎ City map of Pensacola, Florida, with city limits marked by legend. ... Events January 4 - Palace of Whitehall in London is destroyed by fire. ... Fort Barrancas is the name of a historic United States military fort in the Warrington area of Pensacola, Florida. ... Santa Rosa Island, looking east. ... Pensacola Bay is located in the northwestern part of Florida known as the Florida Panhandle. ... Ponce de León may refer to: Juan Ponce de León (1460–1521), Spanish conquistador. ... 1513 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pánfilo de Narváez Pánfilo de Narváez (1470 – 1528) was a Spanish conqueror and soldier in the Americas. ... Events June 19 - Battle of Landriano - A French army in Italy under Marshal St. ... Hernando de Soto is a: Spanish explorer. ... Events May 30 - In Florida, Hernando de Soto lands at Tampa Bay with 600 soldiers with the goal to find gold. ...


Due to prior exploration, the first settlement of Pensacola was large, landing on August 15, 1559,[8] and led by Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano with over 1,400 people on 11 ships from Vera Cruz, Mexico.[7] However, weeks later, the colony was decimated by a hurricane on September 19, 1559,[7][8] which killed hundreds, sank five ships, grounded a caravel, and ruined supplies. The 1,000 survivors divided to relocate/resupply the settlement, but due to famine and attacks, the effort was abandoned in 1561.[7] About 240 people sailed to Santa Elena (today's Parris Island, South Carolina), but another storm hit there, so they sailed to Cuba and scattered.[7] The remaining 50 at Pensacola were taken back to Mexico, and the Viceroy's advisers concluded northwest Florida was too dangerous to settle, for 135 years.[7] This article is about the day of the year. ... January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... Tristán de Luna y Arellano (1519 – 1571) was a Spanish conquistador of the 16th century. ... Veracruz is the name of a city and a state in Mexico. ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... Portuguese caravel, adorned with the Cross of the Order of Christ. ... // Events The Edict of Orleans suspends the persecution of the Huguenots. ... Parris Island is a census-designated place located in Beaufort County, South Carolina. ...


Pensacola was permanently reestablished by the Spanish in 1696 on the mainland, near Fort Barrancas (see map),[9] and became the largest city in Florida, as the capital of the British colony of West Florida in 1763. Another major hurricane devastated the settlement in 1722, causing the French occupation to evacuate, and the Spanish returned. The year 1696 had the earliest equinoxes and solstices for 400 years in the Gregorian calendar, because this year is a leap year and the Gregorian calendar would have behaved like the Julian calendar since March 1500 had it have been in use that long. ... Fort Barrancas is the name of a historic United States military fort in the Warrington area of Pensacola, Florida. ... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... // Events Abraham De Moivre states De Moivres theorem connecting trigonometric functions and complex numbers Publication of the first book of Bachs Well-Tempered Clavier Fall of Persias Safavid dynasty during a bloody revolt of the Afghani people. ...


The Spanish built three presidios in Pensacola:[10]

  • Presidio Santa Maria de Galve (1698-1719): the presidio included fort San Carlos de Austria (east of present Fort Barrancas) and a village with church;[10]
  • Presidio Isla de Santa Rosa (1722-1752): this next presidio was on Santa Rosa Island near the site of present Fort Pickens, but hurricanes battered the island in 1741 and 1752, and the presidio was closed and moved to the mainland;[10]
  • Presidio San Miguel de Panzacola (1754-1763): the final presidio was about five miles east of the first presidio, over in the present-day historic district of downtown Pensacola, named from "Panzacola" (of Spain).[10]

From 1763, the British went back to the mainland area of fort San Carlos de Barrancas, building the Royal Navy Redoubt, and Pensacola became the capital of the 14th British colony, West Florida. After Spain joined the American Revolution late, in 1779, the Spanish captured East Florida and West Florida, regaining Pensacola from (1781-1819).[6] In an 1819 Transcontinental Treaty (Adams-Onis), Spain renounced its claims to West Florida and ceded East Florida to the U.S. (US$5 million).[6] In 1821, with Andrew Jackson as provisional governor, Pensacola became part of the United States.[6] The Presidio Santa Maria de Galve, founded in 1696 by the Spanish colonists, was in the area of Fort Barrancas at Naval Air Station Pensacola in northwest Florida, USA. The presidio was captured peacefully on May 14, 1719, by Governor Bienville of French Louisiana, with a fleet of ships and... Fort Barrancas is the name of a historic United States military fort in the Warrington area of Pensacola, Florida. ... Santa Rosa Island is a 40-mile barrier island located in Florida, thirty miles from the Alabama state border. ... Sketch of Fort Pickens, Florida, by Lt. ... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Fort Barrancas (1839) or Fort San Carlos de Barrancas (from 1787) is the name of a historic United States military fort in the Warrington area of Pensacola, Florida. ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen... 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1821 (MDCCCXXI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Andrew Jackson (disambiguation). ...


Geography

A relative of mine is the creator of this image; he has released it into the public domain. ... A relative of mine is the creator of this image; he has released it into the public domain. ... Pensacola Beach is an unincorporated community located on Santa Rosa Island, south of Pensacola, in Escambia County, Florida, United States. ...

Topography

Pensacola is located at 30°26′13″N, 87°12′33″W (30.436988, -87.209277).[11]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 102.7 km² (39.7 sq mi). 22.7 square miles (58.8 km²) of it is land and 17.0 square miles (43.9 km²) of it (42.77%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Climate

The climate of Pensacola is subtropical, with mild winters and hot, humid summers. Summer temperatures are characterized by highs in the low 90s and lows in the mid 70s. The average high in July is 91 °F (32.8 °C), with 59 days per year reaching at least 90 °F (32.2 °C).[12] The average low in July is 75 °F (23.9 °C).[13] Evening thunderstorms are common during the summer months. Temperatures above 100 °F (37.7 °C) are rare, and last occurred in July 2000, when seven days over 100 °F were recorded.[14] The hottest temperature ever recorded in the city was 106 °F (41.1 °C) on July 14, 1980.[13] Subtropical (or semitropical) areas are those adjacent to the tropics, usually roughly defined as the ranges 23. ... Humidity is the quantity of moisture in the air. ... For other uses, see Summer (disambiguation). ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ...


Average highs in January are 61 °F (16.1 °C) and average lows are 43 °F (6.1 °C).[13] There are, on average, fifteen nights per year of below freezing temperatures.[15] Temperatures below 20 °F are rare, and last occurred in January 2003, when a low of 18 °F (-7.7 °C) was seen.[16] The coldest temperature ever recorded in the city was 5 °F (-15 °C) on January 21, 1985.[13][17] Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...


The city receives 64.28 inches (1633 mm) of precipitation per year, with a rainy season in the summer. The rainiest month is July, with 8.02 inches (204 mm), while 3.89 inches (99 mm) falls in April, the driest month.[13]

Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rec High °F   80   82   86   96   98 101 106 104   98   92   86   81
Norm High °F 61.2 64.4 70.2 76.2 83.4 89.0 90.7 90.1 87.0 79.3 70.3 63.4
Norm Low °F 42.7 45.4 51.7 57.6 65.8 72.1 74.5 74.2 70.4 59.6 51.1 44.7
Rec Low °F    5   15   22   33   48   56   61   60   43   32   25   11
Rainfall
(inches/mm)
5.3 /
135
4.7
119
6.4
163
3.9
99
4.4
112
6.4
163
8.0
203
6.9
175
5.8
147
4.1
104
4.5
114
4.0
102
Source: USTravelWeather.com [1]

A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ...

Hurricanes

Flooding in Downtown Pensacola from Hurricane Katrina

Pensacola's location on the Florida Panhandle makes it vulnerable to hurricanes. Major hurricanes which have made landfall at or near Pensacola include Eloise (1975), Frederic (1979), Juan (1985), Erin (1995), Opal (1995), Ivan (2004), and Dennis (2005). Image File history File links Katrina_pensacola. ... Image File history File links Katrina_pensacola. ... The Florida Panhandle is the region of the state of Florida which includes the westernmost 16 counties in the state. ... Hurricane Eloise was the fifth tropical storm, fourth hurricane, and second major hurricane of the 1975 Atlantic hurricane season. ... The 1975 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 1975, and lasted until November 30, 1975. ... Hurricane Frederic in 1979 was the one of the costliest hurricanes to ever hit the U.S. Gulf Coast. ... First storm formed: June 19, 1979 Last storm dissipated: Oct. ... The 1985 Atlantic hurricane season was an ongoing event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. ... First storm formed: July 15, 1985 Last storm dissipated: Nov. ... Hurricane Erin was the fifth named tropical cyclone and the second hurricane of the unusually active 1995 Atlantic hurricane season. ... The 1995 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 1995, and lasted until November 30, 1995. ... Hurricane Opal was a major hurricane that formed in the Gulf of Mexico in September 1995. ... The 1995 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 1995, and lasted until November 30, 1995. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2004. ... The 2004 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 2004, and lasted until November 30, 2004. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ... The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the most active Atlantic hurricane season in recorded history, repeatedly shattering previous records. ...


Pensacola and several surrounding areas were devastated by Hurricane Ivan. Pensacola found itself on the eastern side of the eyewall, which sent a large storm surge into Escambia Bay that eventually destroyed most of the I-10 Escambia Bay Bridge.[18] The storm heavily damaged the bridge. It knocked 58 spans off of the eastbound and westbound bridges and misaligned another 66 spans causing the bridge to close to traffic in both directions.[19] Over six billion dollars in damage occurred in the metro area and more than 10,000 homes were destroyed, with another 27,000 heavily damaged. NASA created a comparison image to illustrate the massive damage. Hurricane Ivan drove up the cost of housing in the area, leading to a severe shortage of affordable housing. In July 2005, Hurricane Dennis made landfall just east of the city, sparing it the blow it had received from Ivan the year before. However, hurricane and near-hurricane force winds were recorded in downtown, causing moderate damage. This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2004. ... The Escambia Bay Bridge is a four-lane freeway bridge that crosses the Escambia Bay near Pensacola, Florida. ... For other uses, see NASA (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ...


Although Pensacola only received a glancing blow from 2005's devastating Hurricane Katrina, light to moderate damage was reported in the area. Katrina also undermined a large percentage of Pensacola's tourist base from Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama. This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ...


Transportation

Pensacola is served by Interstate 10 and the Interstate 110 spur connecting I-10 with downtown Pensacola. Major air traffic in the Pensacola and greater northwest Florida area is handled by Pensacola Regional Airport. Airlines currently serving Pensacola Regional Airport are Air Tran Airways, American Airlines, ASA, Comair, Continental Airlines, Continental Express, Delta Air Lines, SkyWest, and US Airways. Amtrak train service and Greyhound bus service are also available.[20][21] However, Amtrak suspended service to Pensacola (and the rest of the Gulf Coast) because of damage caused by Hurricane Katrina. As of January 2008, it is still unknown whether Amtrak service will be restored. Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 10 Interstate 10 (abbreviated I-10) is the southernmost east-west, coast-to-coast interstate highway in the United States. ... Interstate 110 (abbreviated I-110) is a 6. ... Pensacola Regional Airport (IATA: PNS, ICAO: KPNS, FAA LID: PNS) is a public airport located 3 miles (5 km) northeast of the city of Pensacola in Escambia County, Florida. ... AirTran Airways (formerly known as Valujet) is a low-cost airline based in the United States. ... American Airlines, Inc. ... Atlantic Southeast Airlines (ASA) is an American airline based in Atlanta, Georgia, USA flying to over 150 destinations as a Delta Connection carrier. ... This article is about the US airline. ... Continental Airlines (NYSE: CAL) is a U.S. certificated air carrier. ... Continental Express (IATA: n/a, ICAO: BTA, and Callsign: Jet Link) is the operating name of ExpressJet Airlines for Continental Airlines. ... Delta Air Lines, Inc. ... This is an article about an airline in North America. ... US Airways is a low-cost carrier[2][3] owned by US Airways Group, Inc. ... Vermonter at the Brattleboro, Vermont, station, 18 March 2004. ... This article is about the US bus line. ... The Gulf of Mexico is a major body of water bordered and nearly landlocked by North America. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ...


The local bus service is the Escambia County Area Transit (ECAT).[22] In December of 2007, ECAT announced that it would cut many of its routes citing poor rider frequency. However in January of 2008, ECAT announced that it would expand service to neighboring Gulf Breeze and change existing routes to more convenient locations. [23] Gulf Breeze is a city located in Santa Rosa County, Florida. ...


Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1850 2,164
1860 2,876 32.9%
1870 3,347 16.4%
1880 6,845 104.5%
1890 11,750 71.7%
1900 17,747 51.0%
1910 22,982 29.5%
1920 31,035 35.0%
1930 31,579 1.8%
1940 37,449 18.6%
1950 43,479 16.1%
1960 56,752 30.5%
1970 59,507 4.9%
1980 57,619 -3.2%
1990 58,165 0.9%
2000 56,255 -3.3%
Est. 2006 53,248 -5.3%
Population 1850-2000.[24]
See also: Escambia County, Florida Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 56,255 people, 24,524 households, and 14,665 families residing in the city, and 402,000 people in the Pensacola MSA. The population density was 2,478.7 people per square mile (956.8/km²). There were 26,995 housing units at an average density of 1,189.4/sq mi (459.2/km²). The Seventh Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876 — an increase of 35. ... The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... 1880 US Census The United States Census of 1880 was the tenth United States Census. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... 1900 US Census The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Escambia County is the westernmost county in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area is a Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) consisting of Escambia County and Santa Rosa County in the state of Florida in the USA. The principal cities in the MSA are Pensacola, Ferry Pass and Brent, all located in Escambia County. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas. ...


There were 24,524 households out of which 24.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.7% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.2% were non-families. 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.92. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In addition to the Christian majority, Pensacola is home to a small but significant Jewish community, whose roots stretch back to the mid to late 1800s. The first Florida chapter of B'nai Brith was founded downtown in 1874, as well as the first temple, Beth-El, in 1876. Paula Ackerman, the first woman who performed rabbinical functions in the United States, was a Pensacola native and led services at Beth-El. Apart from the Reform Beth-El, Pensacola is also served by the Conservative B'nai Israel Synagogue. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Bnai Brith Membership Certificate, 1876. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The synagogue Scolanova Trani in Italy. ... The Temple Beth-El on Palafox Street The Temple Beth-El (ק.ק. בית אל), located in downtown Pensacola, Florida, is the oldest Jewish house of worship in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Year 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) // January 31 - United States orders all Indigenous peoples in the United States to move onto reservations February 2 - The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs of Major League Baseball is formed. ... Paula Ackerman (née Paula Herskovitz, December 7, 1893 - January 12, 1989) was the first woman to perform rabbinical functions in the United States. ... Reform Judaism can refer to (1) the largest denomination of American Jews and its sibling movements in other countries, (2) a branch of Judaism in the United Kingdom, and (3) the historical predecessor of the American movement that originated in 19th-century Germany. ... This article is about Conservative (Masorti) Judaism in the United States. ...


The median income for a household in the city was $34,779, and the median income for a family was $42,868. Males had a median income of $32,258 versus $23,582 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,438. About 12.7% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.2% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


The population of Pensacola belies its standing within the state and the region. A longtime opposition to annexation in the areas surrounding the city has held its 2000 Census population figure at 56,255. However, the 2000 Census population of Pensacola Urbanized Area was 321,875, the eighth largest in the state.


Law and government

See also: List of mayors of Pensacola, Florida
Council Members
District Council Member
1 P.C. Wu
2 Sam Hall
3 Mike DeSorbo
4 Marty Donovan
5 John Jerralds
6 Jewel Canada-Wynn
7 Ronald Townsend
8 (at large) Jack Nobles
9 (at large) Mike Wiggins

The City of Pensacola is governed by an elected City Council with nine seats, two of which are considered "at large." The city government also has an elected mayor; John Fogg has held that office since 1994. The Mayor of Pensacola is the chief executive of the Pensacola, Florida City Government. ... John Fogg is an American politician, and since 1994, the mayor of Pensacola, Florida. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ...


Politics

Like other parts of the South, Pensacola was solidly Democratic for more than a century after the Civil War. Until the 1970s, most local elections were determined by the Democratic primary. However, since the 1960s, the staunchly conservative military and Bible Belt city has become dependably Republican. In August 2005, registered Republicans outnumbered Democrats for the first time in the area's history. As of August 2005, in Escambia County, 44% of the residents are registered Republicans compared to 39.91% of the population having registered as Democrats with another 13.21% having no party affiliation.[25] Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... The approximate extent of the Bible Belt, indicated in red The Bible Belt is an informal term for an area of the United States of America in which socially conservative Christian Evangelical Protestantism is a dominant part of the culture. ...


In the 2004 presidential election, 65% of Escambia County residents voted for George W. Bush over John Kerry. The Pensacola area has not supported a Democrat for President since John Kennedy in 1960. In 1968, Pensacola and the rest of North Florida supported American Independent Party candidate George Wallace. The United States presidential election of 2004 was held on Tuesday, November 2, 2004 to elect the president. ... This article is about the politician, former governor of Alabama and former presidential candidate. ...


Chuck Baldwin, the 2008 presidential nominee of the Constitution Party, is the pastor of Crossroads Baptist Church in Pensacola. Charles Chuck Baldwin (born May 3, 1952 in La Porte, Indiana) is an American political figure, activist within the Constitution Party, and Baptist minister. ... The Constitution Party is a conservative United States political party. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      A pastor is an...


Regional representatives

Pensacola is currently represented in the U.S. House of Representatives by Jeff Miller (R) and in the U.S. Senate by Bill Nelson (D) and Mel Martinez (R), in the state senate by Charlie Clary (R) and Durell Peaden (R), and in the state house by Clay Ford (R), Dave Murzin (R), and Greg Evers (R).[26] The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ... For other persons named Jeff Miller, see Jeff Miller (disambiguation). ... GOP redirects here. ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... For other people named Bill Nelson, see Bill Nelson (disambiguation). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Melquíades Rafael Mel Martínez (born October 23, 1946) is a Cuban-American, who is currently the junior United States Senator from Florida and the General Chairman of the Republican Party. ... GOP redirects here. ... Greg Evers (born June 16, 1955) has been a Republican member of the Florida House of Representatives since 2001. ...


As of January 2007, Pensacola, and the rest of the State of Florida, are served by Charlie Crist (R) as governor, who replaced term-limited Governor Jeb Bush (R). Charles Joseph Charlie Crist, Jr. ... GOP redirects here. ... John Ellis Jeb Bush (born February 11, 1953) is an American politician, and was the 43rd Governor of Florida. ... GOP redirects here. ...


Sister cities

According to Sister City International, Pensacola has the following sister cities:[27]

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the United States

Image File history File links Flag_of_Peru. ... Chimbote is the largest city in the Ancash Region of Peru. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Costa_Rica. ... Escazú is part of the city of San José, Costa Rica, in the western part of the province. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... 14th-century wall painting depiciting Gero in the chuch he founded at Gernrode. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Horlivka or Gorlovka (Горлівка) is a city in the Donets Basin in Ukraine, with a population of 292,000 (2001 census). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Peru. ... Miraflores is a district of the Lima Province in Peru. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Region City seat Lingya District (苓雅區) Government  - Mayor Chen Chu (陳菊) Area  - Total 154 km² (59. ... // This is a list of sister cities in the United States arranged alphabetically by state. ...

City, schools, libraries and hospitals

Public primary and secondary education schools in Pensacola are administered by the Escambia County School District. The current superintendent of schools for Escambia County is Jim Paul. The University of West Florida, which resides north of the city, is the primary tertiary school in the area. UWF also has the largest library in the region, the John C. Pace Library. Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to everyday speech. ... A primary school in Český Těšín, Poland Primary education is the first stage of compulsory education. ... Secondary education - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Escambia County School District is the organisation responsible for the administration of public schools in Escambia County, Florida, in the United States. ... This article is about the school. ... The University of Cambridge is an institute of higher learning. ... The John C. Pace Library is the academic library of the University of West Florida and is the largest library in the Northwest Florida area. ...


Universities and colleges

This article is about the school. ... Pensacola Junior College (usually shortened to PJC) is the name for an umbrella of multiple community colleges in Escambia County and Santa Rosa County, Florida. ... Pensacola Christian College (PCC) is an unaccredited, Independent Baptist[2][3] college in Pensacola, Florida, founded in 1974 by Arlin Horton. ... Accreditation is a type of quality assurance process under which a facilitys or institutions services and operations are examined by a third-party accrediting agency to determine if applicable standards are met. ... Download high resolution version (1088x816, 247 KB)Pensacola High School picture, taken by me on 5/28/2005. ... Download high resolution version (1088x816, 247 KB)Pensacola High School picture, taken by me on 5/28/2005. ... Name Motto Pensacola High School A Step Above the Rest! Address 500 West Maxwell Street Town Pensacola, Florida 32501 Established 1901 Type Public secondary Religion Secular Students Coeducational Grades 9 to 12 Accreditation Florida State Department of Education District Escambia County School District Mascot Tigers Colors Maroon and White Yearbook...

High schools in the City of Pensacola

The Escambia County School District is the organisation responsible for the administration of public schools in Escambia County, Florida, in the United States. ... Escambia High School is a high school located in Escambia County, Florida. ... Address 2500 Longleaf Drive Town Pensacola, Florida 32526 Established 1975 Type Public secondary Religion Secular Students Coeducational Grades 9 to 12 Accreditation Florida State Department of Education District Escambia County School District Mascot Eagle Colors Red, white and blue Yearbook Talon Stadium Lon R. Wise Memorial Website Link Pine Forest... Name Pensacola School Of Liberal Arts Address 1550 North 13th Avenue Town Pensacola, Florida 32503 Established 1969 Type Private secondary Religion Nonsectarian Students Coeducational Grades 8 to 12 Pensacola School Of Liberal Arts is a private secondary school in Pensacola, Florida, established by William Holston to be an alternative to... Pensacola Catholic High School is a Roman Catholic diocesan high school in Pensacola, Florida under the jurisdiction of the Ordinary of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pensacola-Tallahassee. ... Name Motto Pensacola High School A Step Above the Rest! Address 500 West Maxwell Street Town Pensacola, Florida 32501 Established 1901 Type Public secondary Religion Secular Students Coeducational Grades 9 to 12 Accreditation Florida State Department of Education District Escambia County School District Mascot Tigers Colors Maroon and White Yearbook... The Newsweek logo Newsweek is a weekly news magazine published in New York City and distributed throughout the United States and internationally. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Name Booker T. Washington High School Address 6000 College Parkway Town Pensacola, Florida 32503 Established Type Public secondary Religion Secular Students Coeducational Grades 9 to 12 Accreditation Florida State Department of Education District Escambia County School District Mascot Wild Cats Colors Blue, White, and Gold Yearbook Graffiti Website Link Booker... Pensacola Christian Academy is the local Christian school run by Pensacola Christian College. ...

Libraries

The West Florida Regional Library is a system of libraries with five locations throughout the Pensacola area. They offer fiction and non-fiction books, magazines, books on cassette or CD, DVD and VHS films and music. Each library offers public access computers, children's materials, and a variety of reading materials. The West Florida Regional Library System is an organisation of libraries that serve the greater Northwest Florida area, with branch libraries in both Escambia County, Florida and Santa Rosa County, Florida. ... The West Florida Regional Library System is an organisation of libraries that serve the greater Northwest Florida area, with branch libraries in both Escambia County, Florida and Santa Rosa County, Florida. ...


Genealogy and local history resources are available at the Main Branch downtown. Library staff and various volunteers from the West Florida Genealogy Society are available to help start the research process. The Friends of the Library hold periodic book sales where donated and discarded items are sold to the public. Donations of books or audio-video items in good condition are welcome at the main library.


Hospitals

  • Baptist Hospital – Baptist Health Care, (850) 434-4011
  • Gulf Breeze Hospital – Baptist Health Care, (850) 934-2000
  • Naval Hospital – United States Navy, (850) 505-6601
  • Sacred Heart Hospital – Sacred Heart Health System, (850) 416-1600
  • Santa Rosa Medical Center – FastHealth Corporation, (850) 626-5050
  • West Florida Hospital – West Florida Healthcare, (850) 494-4000
  • Nemours Children's Clinic - Nemours Children's Clinic, (850) 505-4700

Culture

Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...

Festivals and holidays

Major holidays in Pensacola include Memorial Day (GLBT),[29] Mardi Gras, and the Fiesta of Five Flags. Celebrations of note in Pensacola are the Great Gulfcoast Arts Festival, the Seafood Festival, Gay Pride (Memorial Day Weekend), The King Mackerel and Cobia Tournament, Florida Springfest (although canceled in 2006, 2007, and 2008), Gracefest (a Christian music festival), Lobsterfest, University of West Florida Festival On The Green, the Bushwhacker Festival and the Bill Fishing Tournament. LGBT (or GLBT) is an acronym used as a collective term to refer to lesbians, gays, bisexuals, and transgender people. ... The Great Gulfcoast Arts Festival is an annual three-day, juried art show in historic Seville Square in downtown Pensacola, Florida. ... The Florida SpringFest is a three-day annual showcase in popular music acts, both local and national, in downtown Pensacola, Florida. ...


Historic Seville Square and it adjacents parks, Fountain Park and Bartram Park are the sites of most of Pensacola's festivals. In the summer on Thursdays and on the Thursday in the beginning of the Christmas season, the Pensacola Heritage Foundation presents local bands in it's famous gazebo for free and very popular concerts. In December the Pensacola Christmas Market is a popular event in Seville Square as is the Great Gulf Coast Arts Festival and Seafood Festival are in the fall and the Cajun Crawfish Festival is in the spring. Festivals in Seville Square is a successful tradition begun by local preservations in the early 60's led by Mary Turner Rule Reed and the Pensacola Heritage Foundaion who started the movement to save and restore this square and Pensacola's old settlement around it.


City media

The largest daily newspaper in the area is the Pensacola News Journal. Pensacola is also home to WEAR-TV, the ABC affiliate for Pensacola, Fort Walton Beach, and Mobile, Alabama, and WSRE-TV, the local PBS member station, which is operated by Pensacola Junior College. Other television stations in the market include WALA-TV the Fox Affiliate, and, WKRG the CBS affiliate, also WPMI, the NBC affiliate, which all are located in Mobile. Cable service in the city is provided by Cox Communications. Pensacola Magazine, the city's monthly glossy magazine, and Northwest Florida's Business Climate, the only business magazine devoted to the region, are published locally. Escambia County is the westernmost county in the U.S. state of Florida. ... The Pensacola News Journal is a daily (seven day, mornings) newspaper serving the Pensacola, Florida area. ... WEAR is the ABC affiliate for the Pensacola, Florida, Mobile, Alabama, and Fort Walton Beach, Florida viewing area. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ... Fort Walton Beach is a city in Okaloosa County, Florida, United States. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country State County Mobile Founded 1702 Incorporated 1814 Government  - Mayor Sam Jones Area  - City 412. ... WSRE is the PBS member station for the Pensacola, Florida, viewing area. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... Pensacola Junior College (usually shortened to PJC) is the name for an umbrella of multiple community colleges in Escambia County and Santa Rosa County, Florida. ... WALA-TV is the Fox Broadcasting Company affiliate for southern Alabama and the western Panhandle area of Florida. ... WKRG has been the CBS station in Mobile, Alabama since its inception on September 5, 1955. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... WPMI is the call sign of two broadcast stations in Mobile, Alabama under the ownership of Clear Channel Communications. ... This article is about the television network. ... Cox Communications is a privately owned subsidiary of Cox Enterprises providing digital cable television and telecommunications services in the United States. ...



Pensacola is also home to the 2006 ACM Radio station of the year CatCountry987, Which also has this years Nominee for On air Personality of the year with the CatPack Morning show.


Sports teams

Pensacola is home to several semiprofessional sports teams, including the Pensacola Ice Pilots of the ECHL, the Pensacola Lightning state runner up for NAFL, the Pensacola Pelicans of the American Association (of Independent Baseball) (AA), the Pensacola Aviators of the American Basketball Association, and the Pensacola Power of the National Women's Football Association (NWFA). The Pensacola Ice Pilots are a minor league ice hockey team located in Pensacola, Florida. ... The ECHL (formerly the East Coast Hockey League) is a professional ice hockey league based in Princeton, New Jersey, with teams scattered across the United States and Canada, generally regarded as a tier below the American Hockey League. ... ‹The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... The Pensacola Pelicans are a minor league baseball team in Pensacola, Florida. ... This article refers to the modern American Association that started in 2006. ... The Pensacola Aviators are an American Basketball Association expansion team located in Pensacola, Florida. ... The American Basketball Association (ABA) is a mens basketball league founded in 1999. ... It Started in 2001. ... The National Womens Football Association (NWFA) is a full-contact American football league for women. ...


Music scene and subculture

Because it has few venues/music halls and a large elderly population, Pensacola's music scene is considered lackluster at best. Perhaps most consistently, however, the city has been home to a small, but fairly active Punk, Folk and Indie scene with bands such as This Bike is a Pipe Bomb. Country/Folk singer and host of the BBC documentary Searching for the Wrong Eyed-Jesus Jim White was raised in Pensacola before moving to Georgia after Hurricane Ivan. There is also a moderately sized gothic and Industrial scene in the greater Pensacola Area with events such as Freaky Fridaze held monthly at Bedlam, a popular nightclub in the downtown area.[citation needed]There has also been a recent growth in the hardcore metal scene in Pensacola, and shows of this genre are often held at the local American Legion post and The Red Door, a Christian-based showspace. Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Folk song redirects here. ... in music that is characterized by its perceived independence from mainstream or pop culture as a whole. ... This Bike Is a Pipe Bomb is a folk-punk band from Pensacola, Florida, USA. Their first recording was released in 1997 on Ghostmeat Records. ... Jim White (born March 10, 1957[1]) is an American southern gothic singer/songwriter. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2004. ... This article is about the subculture. ... Industrial music is a loose term for a number of different styles of experimental music, especially but not necessarily electronic music. ...


Popular Venues include Sluggo's, the End of the Line Cafe, the Handlebar, and the Gutter Lounge; which has hosted shows by MC Chris and The Horror Pops. Because Pensacola is part of the greater Northwest Florida region, many people from Pensacola frequently attend shows and events in nearby Fort Walton Beach and Mobile, Alabama. Chris Ward IV (born September 2, 1975), otherwise known as mc chris, is a rapper, voice actor, and improvisational comedian born in Illinois, U.S.. He attended Art Institute of Chicago, and New York Universitys (NYU) Tisch School of the Arts. ... HorrorPops are a Danish band that formed in 1996. ... Fort Walton Beach is a city in Okaloosa County, Florida, United States. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country State County Mobile Founded 1702 Incorporated 1814 Government  - Mayor Sam Jones Area  - City 412. ...


See also

The United States Navys Blue Angels (or Navy Flight Demonstration Squadron), formed in 1946, is the worlds first officially sanctioned military aerial demonstration team. ... The Brownsville Revival (also known as The Pensacola Outpouring) was a widely reported religious phenomenon that began within the Pentecostal movement in 1995. ... The Escambia Bay Bridge is a four-lane freeway bridge that crosses the Escambia Bay near Pensacola, Florida. ... The Escambia High School riots were racially motivated nonviolent and violent demonstrations which occurred in varying forms between 1972 and 1977 at the then-newly desegregated Escambia High School in Pensacola, Florida. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2004. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 10 Interstate 10 (abbreviated I-10) is the southernmost east-west, coast-to-coast interstate highway in the United States. ... Interstate 110 (abbreviated I-110) is a 6. ... This is a list of people from Pensacola, Florida. ...

References

  1. ^ a b American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ US Board on Geographic Names. United States Geological Survey (2007-10-25). Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ Find a County. National Association of Counties. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ Pensacola, Florida (FL) Detailed Profile - relocation, real estate, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, news, sex offenders
  5. ^ Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005. United States Census Bureau.
  6. ^ a b c d Johnson, Jane. Santa Rosa Island - a History (Part 1). Retrieved on 2007-03-06.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Pinson, Steve. The Tristan de Luna Expedition. Pensacola Archeology Lab. Retrieved on 2007-03-06.
  8. ^ a b c d "History" (Luna colony at Ochuse/Pensacola). MyFlorida.com. State of Florida, Office of Cultural & Historical Programs (2007). Retrieved on 2007-03-06.
  9. ^ Floripedia: Pensacola, Florida. University of South Florida (2005). Retrieved on 2007-03-06.
  10. ^ a b c d Presidio Isla de Santa Rosa. University of West Florida (2003). Retrieved on 2007-03-06.
  11. ^ US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990. United States Census Bureau (2005-05-03). Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ Mean Number of Days With Maximum Temperature 90 °F or Higher. National Climatic Data Center (2007-06-23). Retrieved on 2007-03-06.
  13. ^ a b c d e Monthly Averages for Pensacola, Fla.. The Weather Channel. Retrieved on 2007-03-06.
  14. ^ History for Pensacola, Florida on Saturday, July 1, 2000. Weather Underground. Retrieved on 2007-03-06.
  15. ^ Mean Number of Days With Minimum Temperature 32 °F or Less. National Climatic Data Center (2004-06-23). Retrieved on 2007-03-06.
  16. ^ History for Pensacola, Florida on Friday, January 24, 2003. Weather Underground. Retrieved on 2007-03-06.
  17. ^ History for Pensacola, Florida on Sunday, December 26, 2004. Weather Underground. Retrieved on 2007-03-06.
  18. ^ Bridge Replacement over Escambia Bya. Florida Department of Transportation. Retrieved on 2007-08-14.
  19. ^ Repairing Florida's Escambia Bay Bridge. ACP Construction. Retrieved on 2007-08-14.
  20. ^ http://www.amtrak.com/servlet/ContentServer?pagename=Amtrak/am2Station/Station_Page&code=PNS
  21. ^ Greyhound.com : Locations : Pensacola, Florida
  22. ^ About ECAT. ECAT. Retrieved on 2007-10-25.
  23. ^ ECAT to expand service in Gulf Breeze. Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved on 2008-01-11.
  24. ^ Census Of Population And Housing. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-05-13.
  25. ^ Stafford, David H. Voter Statistics. EscambiaVotes.com. Escambia County Supervisor of Elections.
  26. ^ Representatives, Regular Session 2007. Florida House of Representatives. Retrieved on 2007-03-06.
  27. ^ Online Directory: Florida, USA. Sister Cities International. Retrieved on 2007-03-06.
  28. ^ Berrett, Dan. "The Complete List of the 1,000 Top U.S. Schools", Newsweek. Retrieved on 2007-03-06. 
  29. ^ Nelson, Melissa. "Gays Flock to Fla. Panhandle for Holiday", Associated Press, ABC News, 2007-05-27. Retrieved on 2007-05-27. 

The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... InsertSLUTTY WHORES≤ non-formatted text here{| class=toccolours border=1 cellpadding=4 style=float: right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; width: 20em; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%; clear: right; |+ United States Geological Survey |- |style= align=center colspan=2| [[Image:USGS logo. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of South Florida (USF), known within its system as USF Tampa[2][3][4], is a public university system located in Tampa, Florida, USA, with an autonomous campus in St. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the school. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The U.S. National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) in Asheville, North Carolina is the worlds largest active archive of weather data. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The U.S. National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) in Asheville, North Carolina is the worlds largest active archive of weather data. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

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