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Encyclopedia > Pennsylvania Hospital
The Pennsylvania Hospital by William Strickland (1755)

Pennsylvania Hospital is the first hospital in the United States. It is located in Philadelphia. Pennsylvania Hospital The Building by the Bounty of Government and many Private Persons was proudly founded for the Relief of the Sick and Miserable. ... Pennsylvania Hospital The Building by the Bounty of Government and many Private Persons was proudly founded for the Relief of the Sick and Miserable. ... For the record label, see Hospital Records. ... Nickname: Motto: Philadelphia maneto - Let brotherly love continue Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: , Country United States Commonwealth Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Government  - Mayor John F. Street (D) Area  - City 369. ...

Contents

History

On May 11, 1751 the Pennsylvania legislature granted a charter to Benjamin Franklin and Dr. Thomas Bond to establish a hospital to care for the sick-poor and mentally ill of Philadelphia. Shortly afterwards, in 1752, the first (temporary) building was opened on High (now Market) Street. Elizabeth Gardner (a Quaker widow) was appointed Matron. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3264 × 2448 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3264 × 2448 pixel, file size: 2. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Adam Smith is appointed professor of logic at the University of Glasgow March 25 - For the last time, New Years Day is legally on March 25 in England and Wales. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... A legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... Benjamin Franklin (January 17 [O.S. January 6] 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the most well known Founding Fathers of the United States. ... Dr. Thomas Bond (May 2, 1712 - March 26, 1784) was born in Calvert County, Maryland, the son of Richard Bond and Elizabeth Chew (nee Benson). ... The Scream, the famous painting commonly thought of as depicting the experience of mental illness. ... Nickname: Motto: Philadelphia maneto - Let brotherly love continue Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: , Country United States Commonwealth Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Government  - Mayor John F. Street (D) Area  - City 369. ... The Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers, or Friends, is a religious community founded in England in the 17th century. ...


In 1755 the cornerstone was laid for the East Wing of what would become the hospital’s permanent location at 8th and Pine. Patients were first admitted to the permanent hospital in 1756. The site continued to grow through the years with the addition of more wings (such as the West Wing of the building which was built in 1796) and buildings, extra land and further expansion.


Care of the mentally ill was removed to West Philadelphia in 1841 with the construction of the Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane, later known as The Institute of the Pennsylvania Hospital. Under superintendent, Thomas Story Kirkbride, the hospital developed a treatment philosophy that became the standard for care of the insane in the 19th century. West Philadelphia is a section of the City of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. ... The Institute of the Pennsylvania Hospital was a psychiatric hospital located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania which operated from 1841 to 1997. ... Thomas Story Kirkbride was born July 31, 1809 in Morrisville, Pennsylvania. ...


Pennsylvania Hospital gained a reputation as a center of innovation and medical advancement, particularly in the area of maternity. In its early years it was also known for its particularly advanced and humane facilities for mentally ill patients (at a time when mental illness was very poorly understood and patients were often treated very badly). The Scream, the famous painting commonly thought of as depicting the experience of mental illness. ...


In 1950 Pennsylvania Hospital was recognized for becoming more highly specialized as it established, in addition to its sophisticated maternity programs, an intensive care unit for neurological patients, a coronary care unit, an orthopaedic institute, a diabetes center, a hospice, specialized units in oncology and urology and broadened surgical programs. Neurology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the central and peripheral nervous systems. ... A myocardial infarction occurs when an atherosclerotic plaque slowly builds up in the inner lining of a coronary artery and then suddenly ruptures, totally occluding the artery and preventing blood flow downstream. ... Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics (BE: orthopaedics) is the branch of surgery concerned with acute, chronic, traumatic and recurrent injuries and other disorders of the locomotor system, its musclular and bone parts. ... This article is about the disease that features high blood sugar. ... Palliative care is any form of medical care or treatment that concentrates on reducing the severity of the symptoms of a disease or slows its progress rather than providing a cure. ... Oncology is the branch of medicine that studies tumors (cancer) and seeks to understand their development, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


The hospital was also a center through the years for treating the war wounded. Patients were brought to the hospital for treatment in the Revolutionary War, the American Civil War and the Spanish American War and units from the hospital were sent abroad to treat wounded in World War I and in World War II (to the Pacific theater). The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... The Spanish-American War took place in 1898, and resulted in the United States of America gaining control over the former colonies of Spain in the Caribbean and Pacific. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


The seal of the hospital, chosen by Franklin and Bond, incorporates the story of the Good Samaritan and the phrase "Take Care of Him and I will repay Thee" is used on it. The Good Samaritan The Good Samaritan is a famous New Testament parable, that appears only in the Gospel of Luke (10:25-37). ...


In 1997 Pennsylvania Hospital's Board of Managers made the decision to merge with the University of Pennsylvania Health System. The large Health System helps to support the formerly stand-alone hospital with its vast network of resources. This article is about the private Ivy League university in Philadelphia. ...


In 2001 Pennsylvania Hospital celebrated its 250th anniversary. It continues to be a center of innovation and excellence in medicine.


The library

In 1762 the first book for the hospital's Medical Library was donated by Dr. John Fothergill, a British friend of Franklin's. The library would continue to grow and in 1847 the American Medical Association designated the library as the first, largest, and most important medical library in the United States. It is still a repository for historic books and journal collections, with works dating from 1483 to 1930. John Fothergill (March 8, 1712 – December 26, 1780), English physician, was born of a Quaker family at Carr End in Yorkshire. ... The American Medical Association (AMA) is the largest association of medical doctors in the United States. ...


Famous physicians

Dr. Benjamin Rush, painted by Charles Wilson Peale, c. ... A declaration of independence is an assertion of the independence of an aspiring state or states. ... Philip Syng Physick (July 7, 1768 - December 15, 1837) was an American physician born in Philadelphia. ...

Maternity

Pennsylvania Hospital is especially noted for its many firsts in the area of women’s medicine, especially in the specialty of maternity.


In 1803 the hospital established a "lying-in" (or maternity) department. This lasted until 1854 when obstetrics and gynecology took a 75-year break at the hospital. The specialties were reinstated in 1929 with the opening of the Woman’s Building (now the Spruce Building) which sported 150 adult beds, 80 bassinets, 2 operating rooms, a series of labor and delivery rooms, and outpatient clinics. It was considered "one of the most modern hospital buildings in the country" especially at a time when women’s medicine was not thought to be very important and most births were still done at home. Obstetrics (from the Latin obstare, to stand by) is the surgical specialty dealing with the care of a woman and her offspring during pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (the period shortly after birth). ... The shamefulness associated with the examination of female genitalia has long inhibited the science of gynaecology. ...


This was followed in 1978 with the first Antenatal Testing Unit (ATU) in the region and in 1985 when the first GIFT (Gamete Intra-Fallopian Transfer) pregnancy in Philadelphia was achieved at the hospital. In 1987 Pennsylvania Hospital had two obstetrical firsts: the first Birthing Suite in a tertiary care hospital in the state was opened, and the first gestational carrier and egg donor programs in the Delaware Valley were begun to complement the hospital's existing fertility services. In 1995 the hospital was the first in the region to achieve 1,000 live births from In-vitro fertilization, GIFT and other assisted reproductive technologies. Love gift Man presents a cut of meat to a youth with a hoop. ... A gestational carrier is a woman who carries a pregnancy for another woman. ... An egg donor is a woman who provides usually several eggs (ova, oocytes) for another person or couple who want to have a child. ... The Delaware Valley, also known as the Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD Metropolitan Combined Statistical Area, is named for the Delaware River which flows through the region. ... In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a technique in which egg cells are fertilized outside the mothers body in cases where conception is difficult or impossible through normal intercourse. ... Love gift Man presents a cut of meat to a youth with a hoop. ...


See also

Philadelphia Portal

Liberty Bell; public domain. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Pennsylvania Hospital - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (716 words)
In 1950 Pennsylvania Hospital was recognized for becoming more highly specialized as it established, in addition to its sophisticated maternity programs, an intensive care unit for neurological patients, a coronary care unit, an orthopaedic institute, a diabetes center, a hospice, specialized units in oncology and urology and broadened surgical programs.
Patients were brought to the hospital for treatment in the Revolutionary War, the Civil War and the Spanish American War and units from the hospital were sent abroad to treat wounded in World War I and in World War II (to the Pacific theater).
In 1987 Pennsylvania Hospital had two obstetrical firsts: the first Birthing Suite in a tertiary care hospital in the state was opened, and the first gestational carrier and egg donor programs in the Delaware Valley were begun to complement the hospital's existing fertility services.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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