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Encyclopedia > Pennsylvania Dutch English

Pennsylvania Dutch English is a dialect of English that has been influenced by Pennsylvania German (Pennsylvania Deitsch). It is largely spoken in the South-Central area of Pennsylvania, both by people who are monolingual (in English) and bilingual (in Pennsylvania German and English). The dialect has been dying out, as non-Amish Generation X and Generation Y Pennsylvania Germans tend to speak modern Middle Atlantic English. Very few non-Amish members of these two generations can speak Pennsylvania Deitsch, although most know some words and phrases. The WWII Generation was the last generation in which Pennsylania Deitsch was widely spoken among the non-Amish. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Pennsylvania German, or more commonly Pennsylvania Dutch, (Deitsch, Pennsilfaanisch-Deitsch, Pennsilfaani-Deitsch, Pennsilweni-Deitsch, Pennsilfaanisch), is a West Central German variety spoken by 150,000 to 250,000 people in North America. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... Generation Y is a term designating a cohort of people born immediately after Generation X and is only one of several terms used to describe roughly the same group of people. ... The Pennsylvania Dutch (more correctly Pennsylvania Deutsch or Pennsylvania German, speakers of the Pennsylvania German language) are a people of various religious affiliations, living mostly in central Pennsylvania, with cultural traditions dating back to the German immigrations to America in the 17th and 18th centuries. ...


Features of Pennsylvania Dutch-influenced English

Pennsylvania Dutch English differs from standard American English in various ways. Some of its hallmark features include German syntax so that "Throw the horse some hay over the fence" might be said "Throw the horse over the fence some hay". English language spread in the United States. ...


Other calques and idioms include:

Pennsylvania Dutch English Standard English
Make wet? Is it going to rain?
Outen the Lights. Turn off the lights
The candy is all There is no more candy.
Red up the room. Clean the room.
It wonders me. It makes me wonder.
Hurrieder faster
Spritzing Lightly raining.
Rutsching squirming
Schushlich Clumsy

Reference

  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/classic/A730847

 
 

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