FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
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Encyclopedia > Pennsylvania Constitution of 1776

The Pennsylvania Constitution of 1776 has been described as the most democratic in America and was authored primarily by Timothy Matlock, Dr. Thomas Young, George Bryan, James Cannon, and Benjamin Franklin. According to Iain McClean of Nuffield College, Oxford, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, and James Madison were vehemently opposed to this constitution, with Adams considering it the worst of all the colonies. The French, notably Turgot, Condorcet, and the Rochefoucauld admired it and this informed the decision to make France's legislature a unicameral one. Dr. Thomas Young was an American radical during the American Revolutionary War who advocated for independence from Britain. ... George Bryan (1731-1791) was a Pennsylvania statesman, and an early opponent to slavery. ... James Cannon (1740-1782) was a Scottish-born American mathematician, and one of the principal draftsmen of the 1776 Constitution of the State of Pennsylvania. ... Benjamin Franklin (January 17 [O.S. January 6] 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the most well known Founding Fathers of the United States. ... For other persons named John Adams, see John Adams (disambiguation). ... Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 N.S.–4 July 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–09), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States. ... James Madison (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836), an American politician and fourth President of the United States of America (1809–1817), was one of the most influential Founders of the United States. ... Anne Robert Jacques Turgot, Baron de Laune, often referred to as Turgot (May 10, 1727 ? March 18, 1781), was a French statesman and economist. ... Condorcet can refer to two separate things. ... François Alexandre Frédéric, duc de la Rochefoucauld-Liancourt (January 11, 1747 – March 27, 1827) was a French social reformer. ...


Innovations of the 1776 Constitution

The 1776 Constitution contained five of the six points of the People's Charter over 50 years before it was written. Some of the radical innovations included: Chartism was a movement for social and political reform in the United Kingdom during the mid-19th century. ...

  • Voting franchise for all tax paying free men.
  • A unicameral legislature with members elected to one-year terms.
  • A thirteen-member Supreme Executive Council to administer the government.
  • A judiciary appointed by the legislature for seven-year terms, and removable at any time.
  • The provision that all legislation should be held until the next session of Assembly, so that the people of the state could assess the utility of the proposed law.
  • A President elected by the Assembly and Council together
  • A Council of Censors (elected every seven years) to conduct an evaluation of the activities. They could "censure" actions by the government deemed to have violated the constitution. The Council of Censors was the only body with the authority to call a convention to amend the constitution.

The constitution also made Pennsylvania's official title the "Commonwealth of Pennsylvania". This style is used by only four states - Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, Virginia, and Kentucky. It is notable that the revolutionaries in Vermont directly copied many of the provisions of the Pennsylvania constitution. This happened because Dr. Thomas Young, a participant in the writing of the Pennsylvania constitution and mentor for Ethan Allen, wrote a letter to the Vermont constitutional convention suggesting both that Vermont be the new republic's name and that Vermont model its constitution on the new, radically democratic Pennsylvania one. This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) None Capital Montpelier Largest city Burlington Area  Ranked 45th  - Total 9,620 sq mi (24,923 km²)  - Width 80 miles (130 km)  - Length 160 miles (260 km)  - % water 3. ... Dr. Thomas Young was an American radical during the American Revolutionary War who advocated for independence from Britain. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Pennsylvania Constitution of 1776 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (528 words)
The Pennsylvania Constitution of 1776 has been described as the most democratic in America and was authored primarily by George Bryan, James Cannon, and Benjamin Franklin.
The 1776 Constitution contained five of the six points of the People's Charter over 50 years before it was written.
Those who defended the 1776 constitution agreed not to oppose a new constitution on the proviso that the party supporting change made no public attacks on the old document.
Fisher: Evolution of the Constitution of the United States (19410 words)
Pennsylvania had been living for more than ten years under a constitution which she had made for herself in 1776, — a most bungling instrument, with which the majority of her people were heartily disgusted.
Vermont adopted a new constitution in 1786, the year before the assembling of the Convention, but it differed very slightly from her constitution of 1777, which was a copy of the Pennsylvania constitution of 1776.
The three Pennsylvania constitutions taken together, — of 1683, of 1696, and of 1701, — with their amendments, and the Massachusetts charter of 1691, constitute the most advanced colonial forms, and show the nearest approach in the colonial period towards the final goal of the national document.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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