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Encyclopedia > Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts

The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts was founded in 1805 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by painter and scientist Charles Willson Peale, sculptor William Rush, and other artists and business leaders. It is the oldest art museum and school in the nation. The Academy's museum is internationally known for its collections of 19th and 20th century American paintings, sculptures, and works on paper. Its archives house important materials for the study of American art history, museums, and art training. For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... Charles Willson Peale (1741-1827), self-portrait from 1822 Charles Willson Peale (April 15, 1741 – February 22, 1827) was an American painter, soldier and naturalist. ... William Rush (1756 - 1833) was a U.S. sculptor. ...


The current museum building opened in 1876. Designed by the American architects Frank Furness and George W. Hewitt, it has been designated a National Historic Landmark. As such, it is recognized as an important part of America's and Philadelphia's architectural heritage. It was carefully restored in 1976. The collection is installed in a chronological and thematic format, exploring the history of American art from the 1760s to the present. Frank Heyling Furness (1839 - 1912) was a noted American architect. ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ...

A U.S. Postage Stamp commemorating the 150th anniversary of the academy.

Since its founding, the Academy has collected works by leading American artists, as well as works by distinguished alumni and faculty of its school. From 1811 to 1969, the Academy also organized important annual art exhibitions from which significant acquisitions were made. Harrison S. Morris, Managing Director from 1892 to 1905, collected contemporary American art for the institution. Among the many masterpieces acquired during his tenure were works by Cecilia Beaux, William Merritt Chase, Frank Duveneck, Thomas Eakins, Winslow Homer, Childe Hassam, and Edmund Tarbell. Work by The Eight, which included former Academy students Robert Henri and John Sloan, is well represented in the collection, and provides a transition between 19th- and 20th- century art movements. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... 48-star flag, 1957 This is a survey of the postage stamps and postal history of the United States. ... Cecilia Beaux is an American society portraitist, in the nature of John Singer Sargent. ... William Merritt Chase (November 1, 1849 - October 25, 1916) was an American painter known as an exponent of Impressionism and as a teacher. ... Frank Duveneck (1848-1919) was an American figure and portrait painter born at Covington, Kentucky on 9 October 1848. ... Self portrait (1902), National Academy of Design, New York. ... Winslow Homer Winslow Homer (February 24, 1836 – September 29, 1910) was an North American landscape painter and printmaker, most famous for his marine subjects. ... Frederick Childe Hassam (October 17, 1859 - August 27, 1935) was an American Impressionist painter. ... Edmund Charles Tarbell (April 26, 1862 - August 1, 1938) was an American Impressionist painter. ... Robert Henri, by Gertrude Kasebier (1900) Snow in New York 1902, oil on canvas National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC Robert Henri (June 25, 1865 - July 12, 1929) was an American painter notable for his teaching and leadership of the Ashcan School movement in art. ... Sixth Avenue Elevated at Third Street (New York City) by John Sloan. ...


In 1876, former Academy student Thomas Eakins returned to teach there and re-vamped the certificate curriculum to what it remains today. Students in the certificate program learn fundamentals of drawing, painting, sculpture, and printmaking (lithography) for two years, after which they enjoy two years of independent study, guided by frequent, helpful critiques from faculty, students, and visiting artists alike. Self portrait (1902), National Academy of Design, New York. ... Lithography stone and mirror-image print of a map of Munich. ...


Today, the Academy maintains its strong collecting tradition with the inclusion of works by modern and contemporary American artists. Acquisitions and exhibition programs are balanced between historical and contemporary art, and the museum continues to show works by contemporary regional artists and features annual displays of work by Academy students.


Qualified students who currently attend the Academy may apply for and receive a B.F.A. (Bachelor of Fine Arts) degree from the University of Pennsylvania. The two institutions' close ties and collaboration with each other enables qualified students to receive an Ivy League degree as well as a diploma from the Academy. The Academy is also known for its strong M.F.A. (Master of Fine Arts) program, extensive continuing education offerings, as well as programs for children and families. In fact, the school received the National Medal of Arts during its 2005 bicentennial year. The Bachelor of Fine Arts, usually abbreviated BFA, is the standard undergraduate degree for students seeking a professional education in the visual or performing arts. ... This article is about the private Ivy League university in Philadelphia. ... For other uses, see Ivy League (disambiguation). ... In the United States, a Master of Fine Arts (MFA) is a terminal graduate degree in an area of visual, plastic, literary or performing arts typically requiring two to three years of study beyond the bachelor level. ... The National Medal of Arts is an award and title bestowed on selected honorees by the National Endowment for the Arts. ...


Current News

In September 2006, the School of Fine Arts of the Academy completed its move into the newly renovated Samuel M.V. Hamilton Building, located at 128 N. Broad Street, adjacent to the Historic Landmark Building. This highly anticipated move is the next major element of the Academy's expansion and enhancement as it moves into its third century as America's oldest museum and school of art.


In January 2007, the Pennsylvania Academy, in association with the Philadelphia Museum of Art, purchased the Thomas Eakins's masterpiece, The Gross Clinic, from the Jefferson Medical School. This seminal American work will be displayed at both institutions, on a rotating basis, so it can be enjoyed by future generations of Philadelphians and visitors to the city alike. The Philadelphia Museum of Art, located at the west end of the Benjamin Franklin Parkway in Philadelphias Fairmount Park, was established in 1876 in conjunction with the Centennial Exposition of the same year and is now among the largest and most important art museums in the United States. ... The Gross Clinic is an 1875 painting by Thomas Eakins. ... Thomas Jefferson University is an independent medical school and medical research institution. ...


List of Notable Academy Students and Faculty

Notable Academy students and faculty include:

Walter Emerson Baum (December 14, 1884 – July 12, 1956) was an American artist active in the Bucks County area of Pennsylvania. ... Cecilia Beaux is an American society portraitist, in the nature of John Singer Sargent. ... Swann Memorial Fountain, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania // Biography Alexander Stirling Calder (January 11, 1870 – 1945) was an American sculptor, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Arthur Beecher Carles (1882 - 1952) was an American Modernist painter. ... Self-portrait (1878) by painter Mary Cassatt Mary Stevenson Cassatt (May 22, 1844 – June 14, 1926) was an American painter and printmaker. ... Ralston Crawford (September 5, 1906 – April 27, 1978) was an American abstract painter, lithographer, and photographer. ... Jack Delano Jack Delano (August 1, 1914 – August 12, 1997) was an American photographer for the Farm Security Administration (FSA), which was later subsumed by the Office of War Information (OWI) in 1943 when the FSA was eliminated as budget waste. ... Vincent Desiderio (b. ... Self portrait (1902), National Academy of Design, New York. ... American Artist 1952- David Em is a pioneer in the use of computers in art. ... Arthur Burdett Frost (January 17, 1851 - June 22, 1928) was an early American illustrator, graphic artist, and comics writer. ... Frank Heyling Furness (1839 - 1912) was a noted American architect. ... Daniel Garber (1880-1958) was an American landscape painter and member of the art colony at New Hope, Pennsylvania. ... William James Glackens (born March 13, 1870, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; died May 22, 1938, in Westport, Connecticut) was a U.S. painter. ... Charles Grafly (December 3, 1862 _ 1929), American sculptor, was born at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Walker Kirkland Hancock (born June 28, 1901, St. ... Augustus Goodyear Heaton (1844-1931) was an American artist and leading numismatist. ... Robert Henri, by Gertrude Kasebier (1900) Snow in New York 1902, oil on canvas National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC Robert Henri (June 25, 1865 - July 12, 1929) was an American painter notable for his teaching and leadership of the Ashcan School movement in art. ... Thomas Hovenden (December 28, 1840 - August 14, 1895), American artist, was born in Dunmanway, Co. ... For other persons named David Lynch, see David Lynch (disambiguation). ... Paul Howard Manship (December 24, 1885 - January 28, 1966) was a prominent American sculptor of the early 20th century. ... John Marin (December 23, 1870 - October 2, 1953) was an early American modernist artist. ... Don Martin (May 18, 1931 – January 6, 2000) was a popular American cartoon artist whose best-known work appeared in MAD magazine from 1956 to 1988. ... Alfons Mucha (July 24, 1860 - July 14, 1939) was a Czech painter and decorative artist. ... Dana Gordon by Alice Neel, 1972 Alice Neel (January 28, 1900 – October 13, 1984) was an American portrait painter. ... Brad Neely is a comic book artist from Fort Smith, Arkansas who now resides in Austin, Texas. ... Violet Oakley (June 10, 1874 - February 25, 1961) was an American artist known for her murals and her work in stained glass. ... The Dinky Bird, by Maxfield Parrish, an illustration from Poems of Childhood by Eugene Field, 1904. ... Charles Willson Peale (1741-1827), self-portrait from 1822 Charles Willson Peale (April 15, 1741 – February 22, 1827) was an American painter, soldier and naturalist. ... Self-Portrait - Rembrandt Peale Rembrandt Peale (22 February 1778 - 3 October 1860) was a United States Neoclassical painter. ... Peter F. Rothermels Patrick Henry before the Virginia House of Burgesses Peter Frederick Rothermel (1817-1895) an American painter born in Nescopeck, Pennsylvania 18 July, 1817, although some date his birth earlier in 1813 or 1814. ... William Rush (1756 - 1833) was a U.S. sculptor. ... Lawrence Bradford Saint (1885 - 1961) was an American stained-glass window artist. ... David Sherman David Sherman is an American novelist who deals overwhelmingly with military themes at the small-unit tactical level. ... Everett Shinn (born November 6, 1876, Woodstown, New Jersey; died May 1, 1953, New York City) was an American painter and illustrator and member of the Ashcan School. ... Sixth Avenue Elevated at Third Street (New York City) by John Sloan. ... LeConte Stewart (born 1891 in Glenwood, Utah; died 1990 in Kaysville, Utah) was a Mormon artist primarily known for his landscapes of rural Utah. ... Sand Dunes at Sunset, Atlantic City by Henry Tanner Henry Ossawa Tanner (June 21, 1859–May 25, 1937) was one of the first important African American painters. ... Orlando Gray Wales (also O.G. Wales) (1865-1933) was an American landscape painter and Pennsylvania impressionist that lived and painted in Allentown, Pennsylvania and the Lehigh Valley region of the United States. ... Self Portrait of Benjamin West, ca. ... Philip Fishbourne Wharton (April 30, 1841 – July 20, 1880) was an American artist. ... David Campbell Wilson(Born October 26, 1973 Wayne, PA) is a figurative painter. ...

External links

  • Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts Official Website
Philadelphia Portal

Coordinates: 39°57′19″N 75°09′49″W / 39.95528, -75.16361 Image File history File links Portal. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (169 words)
The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts is the oldest art school in the United States, founded in Philadelphia in 1805.
In 1876, former Academy student Thomas Eakins returned to teach there and re-vamped the certificate curriculum to what it remains today.
Students in the certificate program learn fundamentals of drawing, painting, sculpture, and printmaking (lithography) for two years, after which they enjoy two years of independent study, guided by frequent, helpful critiques from faculty, students, and visiting artists alike.
[343 NLRB No. 93] Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, 4-RC-20710 (3634 words)
Pennsylvania Academy of The Fine Arts and American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees, District Council 47.
The Academy offers the models contracts with the expectation that they have the professional modeling skills to perform the job competently; they do not receive any on-the-job training and the Academy does not supervise the quality of their work.
The fact remains that the Academy, through its instructors, dictates the models’ poses, despite the fact that the models may be able to choose, for instance where to place their hand or foot while executing the pose designated by the instructor.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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