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Encyclopedia > Pengtoushan culture

The Pengtoushan culture (彭頭山文化) (7500-6100 BC [1]) was a Neolithic culture centered primarily around the central Yangtze River region in northwestern Hunan, China. Pengtoushan was roughly contemporaneous with its northern neighbor, the Peiligang culture. The two primary examples of Pengtoushan culture are the type site at Pengtoushan and the later site at Bashidang. (9th millennium BC – 8th millennium BC – 7th millennium BC – other millennia) Events The south area of Çatalhöyük. ... (8th millennium BC – 7th millennium BC – 6th millennium BC – other millennia) Events circa 7000 BC – Agriculture and settlement at Mehrgarh in South Asia circa 6500 BC – English Channel formed circa 6100 BC – The Storegga Slide, causing a megatsunami in the Norwegian Sea circa 6000... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools Excavated dwellings at Skara Brae Scotland, Europes most complete Neolithic village. ... Afternoon light on the jagged grey mountains rising from the Yangtze River gorge The Yangtze River or Chang Jiang (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Cháng Jiāng)   is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world after the Nile in Africa and the Amazon in...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: Húnán) is a province of China, located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and south of Lake Dongting (hence the name Hunan, meaning south of the lake). Hunan is sometimes called 湘 (pinyin: Xiāng) for short, after the Xiang River which runs through the... The Peiligang culture (裴李崗文化) is a name given by archaeologists to a group of Neolithic communities who lived in the Yiluo river valley in Henan Province, China. ... Categories: | ...


The type site at Pengtoushan was discovered in Lixian County, Hunan, China. The site is the earliest permanently settled village yet discovered in China[2]. The site was excavated in 1988. Pengtoushan has been difficult to date accurately, with a large variability in dates ranging from 9000 BC to 5500 BC[3]. Cord-marked pottery was discovered among the burial goods. In archaeology a type site (also known as a type-site or typesite) is a site that is considered the model of a particular archaeological culture. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: Húnán) is a province of China, located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and south of Lake Dongting (hence the name Hunan, meaning south of the lake). Hunan is sometimes called 湘 (pinyin: Xiāng) for short, after the Xiang River which runs through the... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... (10th millennium BC – 9th millennium BC – 8th millennium BC – other millennia) Beginning of the Neolithic time period of the Holocene epoch. ... (7th millennium BC – 6th millennium BC – 5th millennium BC – other millennia) Events c. ... Unfired green ware pottery on a traditional drying rack at Conner Prairie living history museum. ...


At Pengtoushan, the remains of rice from around 7000 BC were found, which may represent the earliest evidence for domesticated rice in China. The size of the Pengtoushan rice was larger than the size of naturally-occurring, wild rice; however, Pengtoushan lacked evidence of tools used in cultivating rice. Although not found at Pengtoushan, rice-cultivating tools were found in later sites associated with the Pengtoushan culture. Species Oryza glaberrima Oryza sativa Rice is two species (Oryza sativa and Oryza glaberrima) of grass, native to tropical and subtropical southern & southeastern Asia and to Africa, which together provide more than one fifth of the calories consumed by humans[1]. (The term wild rice can refer to wild species... (8th millennium BC – 7th millennium BC – 6th millennium BC – other millennia) Events circa 7000 BC – Agriculture and settlement at Mehrgarh in South Asia circa 6500 BC – English Channel formed circa 6100 BC – The Storegga Slide, causing a megatsunami in the Norwegian Sea circa 6000...


See also

This is a list of Neolithic cultures of China that have been discovered by archaeologists, sorted in chronological order from the earliest founding to the latest. ... The Daxi culture (大溪文化) (5000 BC- 3000 BC) was a Neolithic culture centered in the Three Gorges region, around the middle Yangtze River, China. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Archaeology of Asia, pp. 84
  2. ^ The Bronze Age of Southeast Asia, pp. 63
  3. ^ The Bronze Age of Southeast Asia, pp. 63

References

  • Allan, Sarah (ed), The Formation of Chinese Civilization: An Archaeological Perspective, ISBN 0-300-09382-9
  • Higham, Charles, The Bronze Age of Southeast Asia, ISBN 0-521-56505-7
  • Stark, Miriam T. (ed), Archaeology of Asia, ISBN 1-4051-0213-6

 
 

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