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Encyclopedia > Penglai Mountain

In China, the mystical Penglai Mountain (蓬萊山) is often said to be the base for the Eight Immortals, or at least where they travel to have a banquet. Supposedly, everything on the mountain seems white, while its palaces are made from gold and platinum, and jewelries grow on trees. The fruits on the mountain are said to be the elixir of life; because of this, Qin Shi Huang made several attempts to find the island, to no avail. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Horai is a place in Japanese mythology. ... The Eight Immortals crossing the sea, from Myths and Legends of China, 1922 by E. T. C. Werner. ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... General Name, Symbol, Number platinum, Pt, 78 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 10, 6, d Appearance grayish white Atomic mass 195. ... The elixir of life, also known as the elixir of immortality and sometimes equated with the Philosophers stone, is a legendary potion, or drink, that grants the drinker eternal life or eternal youth. ... Qin Shi Huang (Chinese: ; pinyin: Qín Shǐ Huáng; Wade-Giles: Chin Shih-huang) (November / December 260 BCE – September 10, 210 BCE), personal name Zheng, was king of the Chinese State of Qin from 247 BCE to 221 BCE, and then the first emperor of a unified China...

The legend also passed into Japan, where it took shape as the Legend of Horai. Horai is a place in Japanese mythology. ...


According to Shan Hai Jing, the mountain is said to be on an island in the eastern end of Bohai Sea, along with four other islands where immortals lived, called Fangzhang (方丈), Yingzhou (瀛州), Daiyu (岱輿), and Yuanjiao (員嬌). Shan Hai Jing (山海經,山海经) is an ancient Chinese book that contains many geographic and culture descriptions about the ancient world. ... A map showing the location of the Bohai Sea. ...

Though a Penglai City exists in Shandong, China, whether or not the city was the actual spot as described in the legends is unknown. The city, however, prides itself for the legend, and started a saying that a certain scenic region in the city was the arrival point of the Immortals. Others claim that the mountain can be seen in form of the frequent mirages at sea that the city is famous for. Penglai City (蓬莱市 Pinyin Pénglái), a subsection of Yantai City, Shandong Province, China. ...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Shāndōng; Wade-Giles: Shan-tung) is a coastal province of eastern Peoples Republic of China. ... This article is about mirage, an optical phenomenon. ...

Another theory by Yichu (義楚) of Later Zhou Dynasty puts the fabled island as Japan, while Penglai Mountain is Mount Fuji. The Zhou Dynasty (周朝; Wade-Giles: Chou Dynasty) (late 10th century BC to late 9th century BC - 256 BC) followed the Shang (Yin) Dynasty and preceded the Qin Dynasty in China. ... Mount Fuji Mount Fuji , IPA: ) is the highest mountain in Japan. ...

See also

Topics in Chinese mythology
v  d  e
General topics: Creation myth · Astrology · Dragons · Religion in China · Folk religion ·List of deities · I Ching
Important beings: Deities · Three August Ones and Five Emperors · Eight Immortals
Mythical creatures: List of mythical creatures
Mythical places: Xuanpu · Yaochi · Fusang · Queqiao · Penglai · Longmen · Di Yu
Literary sources: Shan Hai Jing · Shui Jing Zhu · Hei'an Zhuan · Fengshen Yanyi
Journey to the West · Baishe Zhuan · Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio



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