FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Penang" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Penang

States and Territories of Malaysia
Pulau Pinang
Penang
Flag of Penang Coat of arms of Penang
Flag Coat of arms
State motto: Bersatu dan Setia (United and Loyal) (formerly Let Penang Lead)
State anthem: Untuk Negeri Kita ("For Our State")
Location of Penang
Capital George Town
5°25′N, 100°19′E
Ruling party Barisan Nasional
 - Yang Di-Pertua Negeri Tuan Yang Terutama Abdul Rahman bin Haji Abbas
 - Ketua Menteri Tan Sri Dr. Koh Tsu Koon
History  
 - Ceded by Kedah to British 11 August 1786 
 - Japanese occupation 1942 
 - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948 
Area
 - Total 1,046.3 km²
Population
 - 2006 estimate 1.47 million
 - Density 1404.91/km²
HDI  (2000) 0.828 (high)
National calling code +604
National postal code 10000 - 19500
License plate prefix P
Website: http://www.penang.gov.my
1 2,031.74 people per km² on Penang Island and 865.99 people per km² in Seberang Perai

Penang (pronounced /pə'næŋ/; Malay: Pulau Pinang) is the name of an island in the Straits of Malacca, and also of one of the states of Malaysia, located on the north-west coast of peninsular Malaysia. Penang is the second smallest state in Malaysia after Perlis, and the eighth most populous. A resident of Penang is colloquially known as a Penangite. Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Penang_(Malaysia). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Coat_of_arms_of_Penang. ... Image:Antigua and barbuda coa. ... An anthem is a composition to an English religious text sung in the context of an Anglican service. ... Anthem of the Malaysian state of Pulau Pinang Selamat Tuhan kurniakan Selamat Pulau Pinang Negeriku yang mulia Kutaat dan setia Aman dan bahagia Majulah jayalah Negeriku yang ku cinta Bersatu dan bersama Untuk negeri kita Words and music by Zainal Awaluddin bin Haji Zainal Alam Actually, the TRUTH is, it... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 273 pixelsFull resolution‎ (3,000 × 1,025 pixels, file size: 118 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... George Town is the capital city of the state of Penang in Malaysia. ... General elections were held in Malaysia on March 21, 2004. ... Barisan Nasional (National Front or BN) is a political coalition in Malaysia. ... A Chief Minister is the elected Head of Government of a state of India, a territory of Australia or a British overseas territory that has attained self-government. ... Tan Sri Dr Koh Tsu Koon (born 1949) is a Malaysian politican and currently is Penangs Chief Minister. ... Throughout much of the Second World War, British Malaya, North Borneo and Sarawak were under Japanese occupation. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... World map indicating Human Development Index (2006). ... Telephone numbering in Malaysia is regulated by the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC). ... The postal codes used in Malaysia is a 5 digit code. ... Malaysian vehicle license plates are the license plates displayed on all motorized road vehicles in Malaysia, as required by law. ... Not to be confused with the Malayalam language, spoken in India. ... The Straits of Malacca is a narrow stretch of water between Peninsular Malaysia (West Malaysia) and the Indonesian island of Sumatra. ... Malaysia is a federation of 13 states. ... Map of Peninsular Malaysia Peninsular Malaysia (or Semenanjung Malaysia in the Malay language) is the part of Malaysia which lies on the Malay Peninsula, and shares a land border with Thailand in the north. ... This article is about the Malaysian state. ...

Contents

Name

The island was referred to as 檳榔嶼 (Bīnláng Xù) in the navigational drawings used by Admiral Zheng He of Ming-dynasty China in his expeditions to the South Seas in the 15th century. Early Malays called it Pulau Ka-Satu or "First Island". A modern illustration of Zheng He, by an unidentified artist. ... For other uses, see Ming. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ...


The name "Penang" comes from the modern Malay name Pulau Pinang, which means island of the betel nut tree (Areca catechu), family Palmae. In Chinese, Penang is known as 檳城 (pinyin: Bīnchéng / Bīngchéng; Hokkien: Peng Sheah). All three names can refer either to the island of Penang, the state of Penang or sometimes the state capital, George Town. Binomial name Areca catechu Linnaeus Areca nut, or pinang, more commonly known as betel nut, is the seed of the betel palm or Areca catechu, a species of palm tree which grows throughout the Pacific, Asia, and parts of east Africa. ... Genera Many; see list of Arecaceae genera Arecaceae (also known as Palmae or Palmaceae), the palm family, is a family of flowering plants, belonging to the monocot order Arecales. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Hokkien is a Min nan word corresponding to Standard Mandarin Fujian. It can refer to: Min Nan, a Chinese language/dialect, also called Minnan, Min Nan or Minnanyu (meaning Southern Fujian). ... George Town is the capital city of the state of Penang in Malaysia. ...


More specifically, George Town is known as Tanjung in Malay and 喬治市 (Qiáozhì Shì) in Chinese. Penang Island is simply Pulau Pinang (/'pulaʊ 'pinaŋ/) in Malay and 檳榔嶼 (Bīnláng Xù) in Chinese, and Penang state is Negeri Pulau Pinang in Malay and 檳州 (Bīn Zhōu) in Chinese. George Town is the capital city of the state of Penang in Malaysia. ...


Geography

State of Penang
State of Penang

The state is geographically and administratively divided into two sections: Image File history File links Penang_State_Map. ... Image File history File links Penang_State_Map. ...

  • Penang Island: an island of 293 square kilometres located in the Straits of Malacca; and
  • Seberang Perai (also known as Province Wellesley): a narrow hinterland of 760 square kilometres on the Malay peninsula across a narrow channel whose smallest width is 4 km (2.5 miles). It is bordered by Kedah in the north (demarcated by the Muda River) and east, and Perak in the south.

The body of water between Penang Island and Seberang Perai is the North Channel to the north of George Town and the South Channel to the south of George Town. Penang Island is irregularly shaped, with a granitic, hilly and mostly forested interior, the highest point being Western Hill (part of Penang Hill) at 830 metres above sea level. The coastal plains are narrow, the most extensive of which is in the northeast which forms a triangular promontory where George Town, the state capital, is situated. The topography of Province Wellesley is mostly flat. Butterworth, the main town in Province Wellesley, lies along the Perai River estuary and faces George Town at a distance of 3 km (2 miles) across the channel to the east. The Malay Peninsula (Malay: Semenanjung Tanah Melayu) is a major peninsula located in Southeast Asia. ... State anthem: Allah Selamatkan Sultan Mahkota Capital Alor Star Royal capital Anak Bukit Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Tuanku Abdul Halim  - Menteri Besar Mahdzir Khalid History    - British control 1909   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 9,426 km² Population  - 2003 estimate 1,778,188  - Density... Muda River is the longest river in Kedah, Malaysia. ... For other uses, see Perak (disambiguation). ... George Town is the capital city of the state of Penang in Malaysia. ... South Channel is a channel separating Penang Island and mainland Peninsular Malaysia in Malaysia. ... George Town is the capital city of the state of Penang in Malaysia. ... View from the top of Penang Hill. ... The term promontory has several similar meanings in English, including geographical names: A promontory is a prominent mass of land which overlooks lower lying land or a body of water (e. ... George Town is the capital city of the state of Penang in Malaysia. ... For discussion of land surfaces themselves, see Terrain. ... Butterworth (population 108,000) is the principal town of Seberang Prai district (formerly Province Wellesley) in the state of Penang in Malaysia. ...


Towns

Island

Province Wellesley

Air Itam is a main town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Balik Pulau is a town in Penang, Malaysia Categories: | ... Beach at Batu Ferringhi Batu Ferringhi (Foreigners Rock[1]) is a strip of beaches on the northern coast of Penang, Malaysia. ... Batu Maung is a town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Batu Lanchang is a small town near Jelutong. ... Bayan Baru is located in Bayan Lepas, Penang, Malaysia. ... Bayan Lepas is town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Farlim is a township area with housing estates located near Air Itam in Penang, Malaysia. ... This article lacks information on the importance of the subject matter. ... George Town is the capital city of the state of Penang in Malaysia. ... Green Lane is a small town located inside Gelugor, Penang, Malaysia. ... Gurney Drive (Malay: Persiaran Gurney) is a popular seafront street in George Town, Penang, Malaysia. ... This article lacks information on the importance of the subject matter. ... Paya Terubong is a small town located in Air Itam, Penang, Malaysia. ... Pulau Tikus is a small island in Penang, Malaysia. ... Pulau Betong is a small island in Penang, Malaysia. ... Sungai Ara is a small town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Sungai Dua is a town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Sungai Nibong is a town located near Batu Uban in Penang, Malaysia. ... Tanjung Bungah is a small town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Tanjung Tokong is a small town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Teluk Bahang is a town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Bagan Ajam is a small town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Batu Kawan is a small town in Penang, Malaysia. ... St. ... Bukit Minyak is a industrial zone located near Permatang Tinggi, Penang, Malaysia. ... Butterworth may refer to people with the surname: Bob Butterworth, former Florida attorney general George Butterworth, a composer Mary Butterworth, a colonial counterfeiter S. Butterworth, the inventor of the Butterworth filter Butterworth may also be referred to these following places: Butterworth, Penang, a town located in Province Wellesley, Penang, Malaysia... Jawi is a town on the mainland side of Penang, Malaysia. ... Juru is a town in Penang, Malaysia Category: ... Kepala Batas is a town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Nibong Tebal is a main town in Penang, Malaysia Category: ... Pantai Aceh is a town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Permatang Pauh is a town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Perai is a main industrial area in Penang, Malaysia. ... Seberang Jaya is a township near Butterworth, Penang, Malaysia. ... Sungai Bakap is a town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Tambun is a main town in Kinta district, Perak, Malaysia. ... Permatang Tinggi is a small town located in Penang, Malaysia. ...

Greater Metropolitan Area of Penang

The National Physical Plan of Malaysia envisages a Conurbation of George Town encompassing George Town and surrounding areas. The Conurbation of George Town, together with the Conurbation of Johor Bahru are designated as Regional Growth Conurbations while the Conurbation of Kuala Lumpur is the National Growth Conurbation.


The greater metropolitan area of Penang consists of highly urbanized Penang Island, Seberang Prai, Sungai Petani, Kulim and the surrounding areas. In terms of population, it is the second largest urban area in Malaysia after the Conurbation of Kuala Lumpur (Klang Valley). According to the 2000 national census, the population of this urban area is about 1.6 million. As for the Conurbation of Kuala Lumpur, the population in 2000 is about 4.9 million while the population of Johor Bahru is 1 million. Currently, the population of this urban area is approximately 2 million.[1], Sungai Petani (abbreviated or SP) is a town in the state of Kedah, in the northern part of Peninsular Malaysia[1]. Sungai Petani is the second largest town in Kedah after Alor Star. ... Kulim is a major town and district in Kedah, Malaysia. ... Klang Valley is the area in central Selangor, Malaysia comprising Kuala Lumpur and its surroundings and suburbs naturally delineated by hilly areas and the Port Klang coastline. ... Nickname: Motto: Berkhidmat, Berbudaya, Berwawasan (English: Servicing, cultured, visionary) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: Country Malaysia State Johor Establishment 1855 Granted city status 1994 Government  - Mayor Latiff Yusof Area  - City 185 km²  (72. ...


Under 9th Malaysia Plan, this urban area is referred to as the Northern Corridor Economic Region (NCER). The Northern Corridor Economic Region is one of the three development regions formed in Peninsular Malaysia, other development regions being the South Johor Economic Region (SJER) or Iskandar Development Region (IDR) and the East Coast Development Region. The Northern Corridor Economic Region (NCER) encompases Penang (Penang Island and Seberang Prai), Kedah (Alor Star, Sungai Petani and Kulim) and Northern Perak. Northern Corridor Economic Region (NCER) (Malay: Wilayah Ekonomi Koridor Utara) is a new economic development corridor in Malaysia. ... Northern Corridor Economic Region (NCER) (Malay: Wilayah Ekonomi Koridor Utara) is a new economic development corridor in Malaysia. ... South Johor Economic Region (SJER) (Malay: Pembangunan Wilayah Ekonomi Selatan Johor) is the new main southern development corridor in Johor, Malaysia. ... Iskandar Development Region (IDR) (Malay: Wilayah Pembangunan Iskandar). ... Northern Corridor Economic Region (NCER) (Malay: Wilayah Ekonomi Koridor Utara) is a new economic development corridor in Malaysia. ... State anthem: Allah Selamatkan Sultan Mahkota Capital Alor Star Royal capital Anak Bukit Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Tuanku Abdul Halim  - Menteri Besar Mahdzir Khalid History    - British control 1909   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 9,426 km² Population  - 2003 estimate 1,778,188  - Density... Alor Stars City Emblem Menara Alor Star, the start-of-art communication tower Alor Star (Traditional Chinese: 亞羅士打, Simplified Chinese: 亚罗士打, Pinyin: yàluóshìdÇŽ), City of Rice Bowl of Malaysia(Chinese: 米都), formally known as Alor Setar, with a colourful past that spanned over more than 250 years. ... Sungai Petani (abbreviated or SP) is a town in the state of Kedah, in the northern part of Peninsular Malaysia[1]. Sungai Petani is the second largest town in Kedah after Alor Star. ... Kulim is a major town and district in Kedah, Malaysia. ... For other uses, see Perak (disambiguation). ...


Outlying islets

There are a number of small islets off the coast of Penang, the biggest of which, Pulau Jerejak, is located in the narrow channel between Penang Island and the mainland. It was previously a leper and penal colony, but is now a tourist attraction. Other islands include: Formerly a penal colony, this 362 hectare island called Pulau Jerejak (Jerejak Island) is a short ferry ride from Bayan Lepas, Penang. ... Hansens disease, commonly known as leprosy, is an infectious disease caused by infection by Mycobacterium leprae. ...

Pulau Aman is a small island in Penang, Malaysia. ... Pulau Betong is a small island in Penang, Malaysia. ... Pulau Gedung is a small island in Penang, Malaysia. ... Pulau Kendi is a small island in Penang, Malaysia. ... Pulau Rimau is a small island in Penang, Malaysia. ...

Climate

Penang enjoys a year-round equatorial climate which is warm and sunny, along with plentiful rainfall, especially during the southwest monsoon from April to September. The climate is very much dictated by the surrounding sea and the wind system. Penang's proximity with Sumatra, Indonesia makes it susceptible to dust particles carried by wind from perennial but transient forest fires, creating a phenomenon known as the haze. For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island in the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ... Haze is an atmospheric phenomenon where dust, smoke and other pollutant particles obscure the normal clarity of the sky. ...


The Bayan Lepas Regional Meteorological Office is the primary weather forecast facility for northern Peninsular Malaysia.

Temperature (day) 27°C-30°C
Temperature (night) 22°C-24°C
Ave annual rainfall 2670 mm
Relative humidity 70%-90%
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average min (°C) 23.2 23.5 23.7 24.1 24.2 23.8 23.4 23.4 23.2 23.3 23.3 23.4
Average max (°C) 31.6 32.2 32.2 31.9 31.6 31.4 31.0 30.9 30.4 30.4 30.4 30.7
Lowest recorded (°C) 19 19 19 20 19 20 22 21 20 20 18 20
Highest recorded (°C) 37 36 36 37 35 36 35 35 36 34 35 35
Average rainfall (millimeters) 69 72 146 221 203 178 192 242 356 383 232 114
Ave no of days with 1 mm 5 6 9 14 14 11 12 14 18 19 15 9

Source: National Environment Agency


Demography

Jewish Cemetery in George Town
Jewish Cemetery in George Town
Armenian Street (Lebuh Armenian)
Armenian Street (Lebuh Armenian)

The state has the highest population density in Malaysia with 2,031.74 people per square kilometre on the island and 865.99 people per square kilometre on the mainland. Penang, along with Malacca, are the only states in Malaysia where ethnic Chinese form a plurality. The ethnic composition in 2006 was: Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 382 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 382 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 475 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 475 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... For the use of the term in political theory, see Pluralism (political theory). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

There were Jewish and Armenian communities in Penang before World War II, but these dissipated as a result of the Japanese occupation and the creation of the State of Israel in 1948. A small but commercially significant community of German merchants also existed in Penang. Today, Penang has a sizeable expatriate population especially from Japan and Britain, many of which settle in Penang after their retirement as part of the Malaysia My Second Home programme. A Chinese Malaysian (Mandarin: ma lai xi ya hua ren (馬來西亞華人), Hokkien: mah lai se ah hua kiao, Cantonese: mah lah zai wah kew (馬來西亞華僑), Bahasa Malaysia: fill-in) is an overseas Chinese who resides in Malaysia. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A non-resident Indian (NRI) is an Indian citizen who has migrated to another country. ... Bumiputra or Bumiputera (Malay, from Sanskrit Bhumiputra; translated literally, it means son of the soil), is an official definition widely used in Malaysia, embracing ethnic Malays as well as other indigenous ethnic groups such as the Orang Asli in Peninsular Malaysia and the tribal peoples in Sabah and Sarawak. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Throughout much of the Second World War, British Malaya, North Borneo and Sarawak were under Japanese occupation. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Peranakan

A restaurant serving Baba-Nyonya cuisine.
A restaurant serving Baba-Nyonya cuisine.

The Peranakan, also known as the Straits Chinese or Baba-Nyonya, are the descendants of the early Chinese immigrants to Penang as well as to Malacca and Singapore. They have partially adopted Malay customs and speak a Chinese-Malay creole. The Peranakan community possesses a distinct identity in terms of food, costume, rites, crafts and culture. Most of the Peranakan Chinese are not Muslims but practise ancestor worship and Chinese religion. During British rule, the Peranakan had a reputation of being loyal British subjects and many of them adopted British mannerisms. They prided themselves as being Anglophone and distinguished themselves from the newly-arrived Chinamen or sinkheh. The Peranakan, however, are almost extinct today due to their re-absorption into the mainstream Chinese community. However, their legacy lives on in their great cuisine, their intricate nyonya kebaya costume and exquisite handicrafts. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 352 KB) Summary own work Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 352 KB) Summary own work Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Peranakan, Baba-Nyonya () and Straits Chinese (; named after the Straits Settlements) are terms used for the descendants of the very early Chinese immigrants to the Nusantara region, including both the British Straits Settlements of Malaya and the Dutch-controlled island of Java among other places, who have partially adopted Malay... Peranakan, Baba-Nyonya (峇峇娘惹) and Straits Chinese (土生華人; named after the Straits of Malacca) are terms used for the descendants of the very early Chinese immigrants to the Nusantara region, including both the British Straits Settlements of Singapore, Malacca and Penang and the Dutch-controlled island of Java among other places, who... Peranakan, Baba-Nyonya () and Straits Chinese (; named after the Straits Settlements) are terms used for the descendants of the very early Chinese immigrants to the Nusantara region, including both the British Straits Settlements of Malaya and the Dutch-controlled island of Java among other places, who have partially adopted Malay... This article is about the state in Malaysia. ... A creole language, or simply a creole, is a stable language that originates seemingly as a new language, sometimes with features that are not inherited from any apparent source, without however qualifying in any appreciable way as a mixed language. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... Ancestor worship, also ancestor veneration, is a religious practice based on the belief that ones ancestors possess supernatural powers. ... Temple incense in Taichung, Taiwan with Fu Dog behind. ... Kebaya is an evergreen traditional blouse of Indonesian and Malaysian women made from sheer material and usually worn with the sarong, batik or other traditional knitted like songket of colorful motives. ... Handicraft, also known as craftwork or simply craft, is a type of work where useful and decorative devices are made completely by hand or using only simple tools. ...


Language

The common languages of Penang, depending on social classes, social circles, and ethnic backgrounds are English, Penang Hokkien, Tamil and Malay. Mandarin, which is taught in Chinese-medium schools in the state, is also increasingly spoken. Lingua franca, literally Frankish language in Italian, was originally a mixed language consisting largely of Italian plus a vocabulary drawn from Turkish, Persian, French, Greek and Arabic and used for communication throughout the Middle East. ... Malaysian English (MyE) or formally known as Malaysian Standard English (MySE) is a form of English used and spoken in Malaysia as a second language. ... Penang Hokkien is a local variant of Minnan (Southern Min) spoken in Penang, Malaysia. ... Not to be confused with the Malayalam language, spoken in India. ... This article is on all of the Northern Chinese dialects. ...


Penang Hokkien is a variant of Minnan and is widely spoken by a substantial proportion of the Penang populace who are descendants of early Chinese settlers. It bears strong resemblance to the language spoken by Chinese living in the Indonesian city of Medan and is based on the Minnan dialect of Zhangzhou prefecture in Fujian province, China, but incorporates a large number of loanwords from Malay and English. Many Penangites who are not ethnically Chinese are also able to speak in Hokkien. Most Penang Hokkien speakers are not literate in Hokkien but instead read and write in standard (Mandarin) Chinese, English and/or Malay. Mǐn Nán (Chinese: 閩南語), also spelt as Minnan or Min-nan; native name Bân-lâm-gú; literally means Southern Min or Southern Fujian and refers to the local language/dialect of southern Fujian province, China. ... For other uses, see Medan (disambiguation). ... Mǐn Nán (Chinese: 閩南語), also spelt as Minnan or Min-nan; native name Bân-lâm-gú; literally means Southern Min or Southern Fujian and refers to the local language/dialect of southern Fujian province, China. ... Zhangzhou (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in southern Fujian province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Fujian (Chinese: 福建; pinyin: Fújiàn; Wade-Giles: Fu-chien; Postal System Pinyin: Fukien, Foukien; local transliteration Hokkien from Min Nan Hok-kiàn) is one of the provinces on the southeast coast of China. ... A loanword (or a borrowing) is a word taken in by one language from another. ...


Malay is spoken locally with north-western dialect features, such as hang for "you" and depa for "they/them".


English is a working language widely used in business and commerce, and is also the language of instruction of Science and Mathematics in schools. English used in an official or formal context is predominantly British English with some American influences. Spoken English, as in the rest of Malaysia, is often in the form of Manglish (Malaysian colloquial English). British English (BrE, BE, en-GB) is the broad term used to distinguish the forms of the English language used in the United Kingdom from forms used elsewhere in the Anglophone world. ... Manglish (or sometimes Malglish or Mangled English) is the colloquial version of the English language as spoken in Malaysia and it is a portmanteau of the word Malay and English (also possibly Mandarin and English). ...


Other languages, including Cantonese and Tamil, are also spoken in the state. Teochew is heard more in Province Wellesley than on Penang Island. This article is on all of the Yue dialects. ... Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... The Chaozhou language, also called Teochew, Teochiu, Tiuchiu, or Diojiu, is a dialect of the Chinese spoken variant of Minnan 閩南, spoken in the Chaoshan 潮汕 region of eastern Guangdong 廣東. // Chaozhou is a member of the Southern Min or Minnan dialect group, which in turn constitutes one of the seven major dialect...


Religion

Chinese Buddhism is the main religion on Penang
Chinese Buddhism is the main religion on Penang

The official religion of Penang is Islam and the head of Islam is the Yang Dipertuan Agong, but other religions are freely practised. These are Buddhism, in the Theravada, Mahayana and increasingly also Vajrayana traditions, Taoism, Chinese folk religion, Hinduism, Catholicism, Protestantism (the largest denominations of which are the Methodists, Seventh-day Adventists, Anglican, Presbyterian and Baptists) and Sikhism- reflecting Penang's diverse ethnic and socio-cultural amalgamation. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 435 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 435 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Flag of the Supreme Head of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong, a Malay title usually translated as Supreme Head, Supreme Ruler or Paramount Ruler, is the official title of the constitutional head of state of the federal state of Malaysia. ... A statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Tawang Gompa, India. ... Theravada (Pāli: theravāda; Sanskrit: स्थविरवाद sthaviravāda; literally, the Way of the Elders) is the oldest surviving Buddhist school, and for many centuries has been the predominant religion of Sri Lanka (about 70% of the population[1]) and most of continental Southeast Asia (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand). ... Relief image of the bodhisattva Kuan Yin from Mt. ... A mandala used in Vajrayana Buddhist practices. ... Taoism (or Daoism) is the English name referring to a variety of related Chinese philosophical traditions and concepts. ... Clothed statues of Matsu / Mazu (Chinese goddess of the Sea) Chinese folk religion comprises the religion practiced in much of China for thousands of years which included ancestor veneration and drew heavily upon concepts and beings within Chinese mythology. ... Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages[1]) is a religious tradition[2] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... Protestantism encompasses the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with the doctrines of the Reformation. ... The Methodist movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity. ... The Seventh-day Adventist (abbreviated Adventist[1]) Church is a Christian denomination which is distinguished by its observance of Saturday, the seventh day of the week, as the Sabbath. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... Presbyterianism is part of the Reformed churches family of denominations of Christian Protestantism based on the teachings of John Calvin which traces its institutional roots to the Scottish Reformation, especially as led by John Knox. ... Baptist churches are part of a Christian movement often regarded as an Evangelical, Protestant denomination. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is a religion that began in fifteenth century Northern India with the teachings of Nanak and nine successive human gurus. ...


There is also a small, but little-known, community of Jews in Penang, mainly along Jalan Zainal Abidin (formerly Jalan Yahudi or Jewish Street).


Characteristics of Penang

Being one of the earliest, most established urban centres in Malaysia, Penang has often prided herself on her progress while at the same time relishing her traditional and enduring values, way of life and mannerism. Old Penang evoked images of the slow-paced lifestyle of merchants and planters in the Far East, where European culture intermingled with Eastern customs and colonial buildings stood next to attap houses and rickshaw pullers and where electric trams met bullock carts. Chinese influence has always been more evident in urban areas due to their superior numbers while the Malays, until recent times, have largely resided in the rural areas. Malays although given special rights consider themselves a marginalised race in Penang. The far east as a cultural block includes East Asia, Southeast Asia, Northeast Asia and South Asia. ... Japanese rickshaw (jinrikisha), 1886. ... A modern tram in the Töölö district of Helsinki, Finland A tram (or tramway, trolley, streetcar, tramcar, Straßenbahn) is a railborne vehicle (lighter than a train) for transport of passengers (or, occasionally, freight). ...


21st century Penang remains a thriving commercial (and now industrial) centre with a relatively high standard of living. However, in terms of development it has been overtaken in recent years by the Klang Valley, which is the political and economic heart of modern Malaysia. While the slower rate of development in Penang has left much of its cultural and architectural heritage intact, what development there has been poorly managed due to underfunding in infrastructure by the federal government, corruption and the breakdown of participatory local government since the late 1960s. Nonetheless, Penangites maintain a strong civic identity rooted in Penang's former pre-eminence, reinforced by a strong local cultural and linguistic identity. Klang Valley is the area in central Selangor, Malaysia comprising Kuala Lumpur and its surroundings and suburbs naturally delineated by hilly areas and the Port Klang coastline. ...


History

Main article: History of Penang

Penang, originally part of the Malay Sultanate of Kedah, was given to the British East India Company in 1786 by the Sultan of Kedah, in exchange for military protection from Siamese and Burmese armies who were threatening Kedah. On 11 August 1786, Captain Francis Light, known as the founder of Penang, landed in Penang and renamed it Prince of Wales Island in honour of the heir to the British throne. This article is concerns the history of Penang. ... State anthem: Allah Selamatkan Sultan Mahkota Capital Alor Star Royal capital Anak Bukit Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Tuanku Abdul Halim  - Menteri Besar Mahdzir Khalid History    - British control 1909   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 9,426 km² Population  - 2003 estimate 1,778,188  - Density... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was the first joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first to issue public stock). ... 1786 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... For the country formerly called Siam see Thailand SIAM is an acronym for Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. ... is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1786 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Captain Francis Light (1740-1794) was the founder of the British colony of Penang (in modern-day Malaysia) and its capital George Town in 1786. ... George IV (George Augustus Frederick) (12 August 1762 – 26 June 1830) was king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Hanover from 29 January 1820 until his death. ...


Unbeknownst to the Sultan, Light had acted without the approval of the East India Company when he promised military protection. When the Company failed to aid Kedah when it was attacked by Siam, the Sultan tried to retake the island in 1790. The attempt was unsuccessful, and the Sultan was forced to cede the island to the Company for an honorarium of 6,000 Spanish dollars per annum. This was later increased to 10,000 dollars, with Province Wellesley (Seberang Prai) being added to Penang in 1800. An annual honorarium of 10,000 ringgits continues to this day to be paid by the Malaysian Federal Government to the state of Kedah. Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Love gift Man presents a cut of meat to a youth with a hoop. ... The Spanish dollar or peso (literally, weight) is a silver coin that was minted in the Spanish Empire after a Spanish currency reform in 1497. ... Seberang Perai (formerly known as Province Wellesley) is a narrow hinterland opposite Penang island on the Malay Peninsula, which together with the island forms the Malaysian state of Penang. ... // ON MAY 5 1853 MR.FADER HAD SEX WITH A MAN NAME MR WIEN THEN THEY HAD SON NAMEDMRS COTURE AND MR MANOOGIAN WENT INTO MRS HASKELLS OFFICE NAKED AND DANCED AROUND AND MASTERBATED ON HER CHEST AND SHE LICKED IT OFF THEN THEY HAD ORAL SEEX WITH NAPLOEAN OF... Ringgit (Malay for jagged) mostly refers to the Malaysian ringgit, which is the local currency in Malaysia, but it can also refer to the Singapore dollar and Brunei dollar in the Malay language. ...


In 1826, Penang, along with Malacca and Singapore, became part of the Straits Settlements under the British administration in India, moving to direct British colonial rule in 1867. In 1946 it became part of the Malayan Union, before becoming in 1948 a state of the Federation of Malaya, which gained independence in 1957 and became Malaysia in 1963. The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the state in Malaysia. ... The Straits Settlements were a collection of territories of the British East India Company in Southeast Asia, which were given collective administration in 1826. ... Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Malayan Union was formed on April 1, 1946 by the British. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Federation of Malaya, or in Malay Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, was formed in 1948 from the British settlements of Penang and Malacca and the nine Malay states and replaced the Malayan Union. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ...


The island was a free port until 1969. Despite the loss of the island's free-port status, from the 1970s to the late 1990s the state built up one of the largest electronics manufacturing bases in Asia, in the Free Trade Zone around the airport in the south of the island. A free port (porto franco) or free zone (US: Foreign-Trade Zone) is a port or area with relaxed jurisdiction with respect to the country of location. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ...

Incorporated into Date
Straits Settlements 1826
Crown Colony 1867
Japanese occupation 19 December 1945
Malayan Union 1 April 1946
Federation of Malaya 1 February 1948
Independence 31 August 1957
Malaysia 16 September 1963

is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ...

State government

The state has its own state legislature and executive, but these have very limited powers in comparison with those of the Malaysian federal authorities.


Executive

Penang is one of only four states in Malaysia not to have a hereditary Malay Ruler or Sultan, being a former British settlement, the other three being Malacca, also a British settlement, whose sultanate was ended by the Portuguese conquest in 1511, and the Borneo states of Sabah and Sarawak. For other uses, see Sultan (disambiguation). ... This article is about the state in Malaysia. ... A sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic monarch ruling under the terms of shariah. ... Year 1511 (MDXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... East Malaysia comprises Sabah and Sarawak East Malaysia consists of the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak, located on the island of Borneo to the east, across the South China Sea from Peninsular Malaysia which is located on the Malay Peninsula. ... For other uses, see Sabah (disambiguation). ... For the river, see Sarawak River. ...


The head of the state executive is a Yang di-Pertua Negeri (Governor) appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King of Malaysia). The present Governor is Tun Dato' Seri Haji Abdul Rahman bin Haji Abbas. In practice the Governor is a figurehead, and he acts upon the advice of the state Executive Council, which is appointed from the majority party in the Legislative Assembly. Yang di-Pertua Negeri, literally the head of state in Malay, is the title of the largely symbolic state Governors of the Malaysian states of Penang, Malacca, Sabah and Sarawak, who are appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong or King of Malaysia. ... Flag of the Supreme Head of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong is a Malay title usually translated as Supreme Ruler or Paramount Ruler, is the official title of the constitutional head of state of the federation of Malaysia. ... Forecastle with figurehead Grand Turk Figurehead is a carved wooden decoration, often female or bestiary, found at the prow of ships of the 16th to the 19th century. ...


The current Chief Minister of Penang, Tan Sri Dr Koh Tsu Koon is from the Gerakan party whose representatives have held the chief-ministership since 1969. It is the only state chief-ministership in Malaysia which has been continuously held by an ethnic Chinese since independence, reflecting the state's ethnic majority. The Chief Minister heads the State Executive Council, the highest administrative body in the state, which answers to the Legislative Assembly. The state Secretariat and other state or federal government departments assist the Executive Council in the state administration. Most of the government offices are housed in the 65-storey Tun Abdul Razak Complex (KOMTAR) in the heart of George Town. The title of Chief Minister of Penang holds the responsibility as the head of government in the state level. ... Tan Sri Dr Koh Tsu Koon (born 1949) is a Malaysian politican and currently is Penangs Chief Minister. ... Parti Gerakan Logo The Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia (Malaysian Peoples Movement Party in English) formed on 24th March 1968, is a liberal party in Malaysia. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... A Chinese Malaysian (Mandarin: ma lai xi ya hua ren (馬來西亞華人), Hokkien: mah lai se ah hua kiao, Cantonese: mah lah zai wah kew (馬來西亞華僑), Bahasa Malaysia: fill-in) is an overseas Chinese who resides in Malaysia. ...


There have been occasional calls by UMNO members of the ruling coalition, Barisan Nasional (BN), to rotate the position of Chief Minister between BN component parties, but this has consistently been rejected by the Barisan leadership. Such demand reached new heights in 2006 on allegations of the marginalisation of the Malay populace. Interestingly, one of the more vocal proponents is Khairy Jamaludin, the son-in-law of the current Malaysian Prime Minister, Dato' Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi. It is to be noted that during Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad's tenure of prime ministership, he refuted claims of marginalisation by alluding to the Malay-governed state of Kelantan. In fact, Malays in Penang are only second to their counterparts in the Klang Valley. They fare better than those from other states such as Kedah, Perlis and Terengganu. The United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Bersatu in Malay, is the largest political party in Malaysia and a founding member of the Barisan Nasional coalition, which has ruled the country uninterrupted since independence. ... Barisan Nasional (National Front or BN) is a political coalition in Malaysia. ... The Prime Minister of Malaysia (in Malay Perdana Menteri) is the indirectly elected head of government of Malaysia. ... Dato Seri Abdullah bin Haji Ahmad Badawi[1] (born November 26, 1939 in Kepala Batas, Penang) is the 5th Prime Minister of Malaysia. ... Mahathir bin Mohamad (b. ...


The current Malaysian Prime Minister, Dato' Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, hails from the mainland town of Kepala Batas, whereas the former Deputy Prime Minister Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim is from the town of Bukit Mertajam, also in Province Wellesley. The Prime Minister of Malaysia (in Malay Perdana Menteri) is the indirectly elected head of government of Malaysia. ... Dato Seri Abdullah bin Haji Ahmad Badawi[1] (born November 26, 1939 in Kepala Batas, Penang) is the 5th Prime Minister of Malaysia. ... Kepala Batas is a town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Dato Seri Anwar bin Ibrahim (born August 10, 1947) is a former deputy prime minister and finance minister of Malaysia. ...


Local Authorities

The City Hall housing the Municipal Council of Penang Island
The City Hall housing the Municipal Council of Penang Island
The Dewan Sri Penang
The Dewan Sri Penang

There are two local authorities in Penang, the Municipal Council of Penang Island (Majlis Perbandaran Pulau Pinang) [2] and the Municipal Council of Province Wellesley (Majlis Perbandaran Seberang Perai)[3]. Local councillors have been appointed by the state government since local elections were abolished in Malaysia in the 1960s. Both municipal councils are made up of a president, a municipal secretary and 24 councillors. The president is appointed by the State Government for two-year terms of office while the councillors are appointed for one-year terms of office. The state is divided into 5 administrative divisions: Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 408 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 408 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 415 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 415 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Local governments are administrative offices of an area smaller than a state. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969. ...

  • Penang Island:
    • North-East District (Daerah Timur Laut)
    • South-West District (Daerah Barat Daya)
  • Seberang Perai (Province Wellesley):
    • Central Province Wellesley (Seberang Perai Tengah)
    • Northern Province Wellesley (Seberang Perai Utara)
    • Southern Province Wellesley (Seberang Perai Selatan)

Each district is headed by a district officer.


The following table shows the succession of the heads of governments of Penang from its founding years to the present day.

Head of Government From To
British colonial period
Superintendent 11 August 1786 1799
Lieutenant governor 1799 1805
Governor 1805 1826
Resident councillor 1849 1941
Japanese occupation (World War II)
Japanese governor December 1941 1945
Postwar British rule
British military governor 1945 1946
Resident commissioner 1946 1947
After Independence
Yang Dipertua Negeri/Governor (ceremonial) 31 August 1957 Present
Chief minister 12 June 1959 Present

is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1786 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Legislature

The State Assembly Building
The State Assembly Building

The unicameral state legislature, whose members are called state assemblymen, convenes at the neoclassical state Legislative Assembly (Dewan Undangan Negeri) building at Light Street. It has 40 seats, 38 of which is held by the ruling Barisan Nasional party while the remaining two are each held by the Democratic Action Party (DAP) and PAS. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 391 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 391 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Cathedral of Vilnius (1783), by Laurynas Gucevičius. ... Barisan Nasional (National Front or BN) is a political coalition in Malaysia. ... Democratic Action Party (DAP) logo The Democratic Action Party (DAP, Parti Tindakan Demokratik in Malay) is Malaysias largest secular and Socialist opposition party. ... Pas or PAS may be: Pas River, in Spain PAS Giannina, a Greek football club from Ioannina Pas F.C., an Iranian football club from Tehran PAS may be an acronym or abbreviation of: Para-aminosalicylic acid, an old treatment for tuberculosis Paraaortic (or para-aortic) splanchnopleura Parental alienation syndrome...


In the Malaysian Parliament, Penang is represented by 13 elected Members of Parliament in the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives), serving a five-year term, and has two senators in the Dewan Negara (Senate), both appointed by the state Legislative Assembly to serve a three-year term.
The Malaysian Houses of Parliament in Kuala Lumpur. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to a parliament; in the Westminster system, specifically to the lower house. ... The Parliament of Malaysia consists of the lower house (Dewan Rakyat or literally Peoples Hall, in Malay) and upper house (Dewan Negara or Nations Hall in Malay). ... The Washington Senators can refer to: The Washington Senators (officially named the Washington Nationals during the 1905–1956 seasons), an American League baseball team based in Washington, D.C. from 1901 to 1960. ... The Dewan Negara is the Malaysian Senate. ...


Judiciary

The court system in the Federation had its origin in the 1807 charter known as the First Charter of Justice whereby the British East India Company obtained from the British Crown the right to establish a permanent Court of Judicature in the settlement of Penang. Year 1807 (MDCCCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was the first joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first to issue public stock). ... The British monarch or Sovereign is the monarch and head of state of the United Kingdom and its overseas territories, and is the source of all executive, judicial and (as the Queen_in_Parliament) legislative power. ...


Today, the judicial power is almost completely vested in the federal court system. The Supreme Court Building in Light Street and Farquhar Street houses the Penang registry of the High Court in Malaya as well as the George Town Sessions Court and Magistrates courts. The Penang Prison is located at Gaol Road. The Sultan Abdul Samad Building, as were surrounding colonial buildings near the Merdeka Square, had formerly housed all of the countrys judicial branches for decades. ... The Sultan Abdul Samad Building nearby Merdeka Square formerly housed the superior courts of the country. ...


Economy

Industry

Penang state is today the third-largest economy amongst the states of Malaysia, after Selangor and Johor. Manufacturing is the most important component of the Penang economy, contributing 45.9% of the State's GDP (2000). The southern part of the island is highly industrialised with high-tech electronics plants (such as Dell, Intel, AMD, Altera, Motorola, Agilent, Hitachi, Osram, Plexus, Bosch and Seagate) located within the Bayan Lepas Free Industrial Zone. In January 2005, Penang was formally accorded the Multimedia Super Corridor Cyber City status, the first outside of Cyberjaya, with the aim of becoming a high-technology industrial park that conducts cutting-edge research. In recent years, however, the state is experiencing a gradual decline of foreign direct investments due to factors such as cheaper labour costs in China and India, and arguably, lagging human capital. State motto: Dipelihara Allah State anthem: Duli Yang Maha Mulia Capital Shah Alam Royal capital Klang Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Sharafuddin  - Menteri Besar Dr Mohd Khir Toyo History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 7,956 km² Population  - 2005... State motto: Kepada Allah Berserah State anthem: Lagu Bangsa Johor Capital Johor Bahru Royal capital Pasir Pelangi1 Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Iskandar  - Menteri Besar Abdul Ghani Othman History    - Johor Sultanate 14th century   - British control 1914   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 19,984... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the corporation Dell, Inc. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ... Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. ... Altera headquarters in San Jose Altera Corporation (NASDAQ: ALTR) is a leading manufacturer of programmable logic devices. ... Motorola Inc. ... ... It has been suggested that Hitachi Works be merged into this article or section. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... PLEXUS (Physics Learning EXperience Using Software) is a name of project that was started by Vibor Cipan, physics student form Croatia and it is based on utilization of usage of computer technology to enhance learning of physics. ... Logo of Robert Bosch GmbH Robert Bosch GmbH [1] is a German corporation which was started in 1886 by Robert Bosch in Stuttgart, Germany. ... Seagate can refer to: Seagate Technology, a high tech manufacturer Seagate, Brooklyn, a community in Brooklyn, USA Seagate, Friends of, the nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization founded to preserve the historic winter retreat of Gwendolyn and Powel Crosley in Sarasota, Florida, USA Seagate, North Carolina, a community in North Carolina... 2005 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Deaths in January • 29 Ephraim Kishon • 25 Philip Johnson • 23 Johnny Carson • 22 Parveen Babi • 20 Jan Nowak-Jeziorański • 17 Virginia Mayo • 17 Zhao Ziyang • 15... Situated in Malaysia, the Multimedia Super Corridor is a Government designated zone, designed to leapfrog Malaysia into the information and knowledge age. ... Cyberjaya is a new planned township with a science park as the core that forms a key part of the Multimedia Super Corridor in Malaysia. ...


The entrepôt trade has greatly declined, due in part to the loss of Penang's free-port status, but also due to the active development of Port Klang near the federal capital Kuala Lumpur. However, there is a container terminal in Butterworth which continues to service the northern area. An entrepôt is a trading centre, or simply a warehouse, where merchandise can be imported and exported without paying import duties, often at a profit. ... Port Klang (Malay: Pelabuhan Klang) is the main port of Malaysia, located in the district of Klang in the state of Selangor. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... Butterworth (population 108,000) is the principal town of Seberang Prai district (formerly Province Wellesley) in the state of Penang in Malaysia. ...


Other important sectors of Penang's economy include tourism, finance, shipping and other services.


The Penang Development Corporation (PDC) is the state development agency to develop, plan, implement and promote development projects in the form of socio-economic interests on behalf of the State Government of Penang. It functions as the investment arm of the state government.


Agriculture

Penang agriculture is mainly made up of the major export crops of rubber and oil palm and some cocoa, the food commodities comprising paddy, fruits, coconut, vegetables, livestock which is dominated by poultry and swine, fisheries and aquaculture, and new emerging industries such as ornamental fishes and floriculture [4]. This does not cite any references or sources. ... Species Elaeis guineensis Elaeis oleifera The oil palms (Elaeis) coomprise two species of the Arecaceae, or palm family. ... For other uses, see Cocoa (disambiguation). ... Paddy has these meanings:- A paddy field, a field for cultivating rice or other semi-aquatic crops. ... Popular Japanese fashion magazine throughout the 1990s; the photography of which has recently been reissued in two collections from Phaidon press. ... For other uses, see Coconut (disambiguation). ... Vegetables on a market Vegetable is a nutritional and culinary term denoting any part of a plant that is commonly consumed by humans as food, but is not regarded as a culinary fruit, nut, herb, spice, or grain. ... Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Binomial name Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 Synonyms The domestic pig is usually given the scientific name Sus scrofa, though some authors call it , reserving for the wild boar. ... A fishery (plural: fisheries) is an organized effort by humans to catch fish or other aquatic species, an activity known as fishing. ... Workers harvest catfish from the Delta Pride Catfish farms in Mississippi Aquaculture is the cultivation of aquatic organisms. ... The Latin words hortus (garden plant) and cultura (culture) together form horticulture, classically defined as the culture or growing of garden plants. ...


Owing to limited land size and the highly industrialised nature of Penang's economy, agriculture is given little emphasis. In fact, agriculture is the only sector to record negative growth in the state, contributing only 1.3% to the state GDP in 2000. The share of Penang's paddy area to the national paddy area accounts for only 4.9% Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ...


Banking

View of Beach Street with the HSBC building at 1 Downing Street
View of Beach Street with the HSBC building at 1 Downing Street

Penang was the centre of banking of Malaysia at a time when Kuala Lumpur was still a small outpost. The oldest bank in Malaysia, Standard Chartered Bank (then the Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China) opened its doors in 1875. The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, now known as HSBC, opened its first branch in Penang in 1885. The Dutch-based ABN AMRO Bank opened its first office in Penang in 1888 to cater to the financial requirements of the early European traders. Most of the older banks still maintain their local headquarters on Beach Street, the old commercial centre of George Town. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 462 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 462 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Standard Chartered Bank (LSE: STAN, SEHK: 2888) is a British bank headquartered in London with operations in more than fifty countries. ... The Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China (or simply The Chartered Bank) was a bank founded in 1851. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... HSBC Holdings PLC (NYSE: HBC), (LSE: HSBA) , (HKSE: 005) , (Euronext: HSBC) , is one of the largest banking groups in the world. ... For other uses, see HSBC (disambiguation). ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... ABN AMRO (Euronext: AAB, NYSE: ABN) is one of the largest banks in Europe and has operations all over the world. ... For the toll-free telephone number see Toll-free telephone number Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Today, Penang remains a banking hub with branches of Citibank, United Overseas Bank, and Bank Negara Malaysia (the Malaysian central bank) together with local banks such as Public Bank, Maybank, Ambank and CIMB Bank. Citibank is a major international bank, founded in 1812 as the City Bank of New York. ... United Overseas Bank Limited SGX: U11 (Simplified Chinese: 大华银行有限公司; Pinyin: Dàhuá Yínháng Yǒuxìan Gōngsī), abbreviated as UOB (Simplified Chinese: 大华银行; Pinyin: Dàhuá Yínháng) is a bank incorporated in Singapore. ... Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM) is the Malaysian central bank. ... Public Bank Berhad is a bank based in Malaysia owned by a Malaysian ethnic Chinese. ... Maybank, a trade name for Malayan Banking Berhad is the largest bank and financial group in Malaysia, with significant personal banking operations in Brunei, Singapore and the Philippines as well. ...


Food

Main article: Penang cuisine
 A hawker stall selling rojak, a fruit dish in shrimp and chilli paste
A hawker stall selling rojak, a fruit dish in shrimp and chilli paste
Hawker food centre at Gurney Drive.
Hawker food centre at Gurney Drive.

Penang island is a paradise for food lovers who come from all over Malaysia and even Singapore to sample the island's unique cuisine, earning Penang the nickname of the food capital of Malaysia. Penang was recognised as having the Best Street Food in Asia by TIME magazine in 2004, citing that nowhere else can such great tasting food be so cheap. Penang's cuisine reflects the Chinese, Nyonya, Malay and Indian ethnic mix of Malaysia, but is also strongly influenced by the cuisine of Thailand to the north. Its especially famous "hawker food" is sold and eaten by the street feature strongly in noodles and fresh seafood. Great places to savour Penang's food are Gurney Drive, Pulau Tikus, New Lane, Swatow Lane, Penang Road and Chulia Street. Local Chinese restaurants serve excellent fares too. American fast food outlets and coffee joints are readily found throughout the state. Japanese, Korean, Italian and Western food are also popular. Penang cuisine is the cuisine of the multicultural society of Penang, Malaysia. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 298 KB) Summary own work Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 298 KB) Summary own work Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 417 KB) Summary own work Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 417 KB) Summary own work Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Look up time in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Peranakan, Baba-Nyonya () and Straits Chinese (; named after the Straits Settlements) are terms used for the descendants of the very early Chinese immigrants to the Nusantara region, including both the British Straits Settlements of Malaya and the Dutch-controlled island of Java among other places, who have partially adopted Malay... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Fast food is food prepared and served quickly at a fast-food restaurant or shop at low cost. ... Coffeehouse in Damascus This article is about an establishment where coffee is sold and consumed. ...


Shopping

Penang also has various of modern shopping complexes located within the state. Among of them are:

  • Queensbay Mall, is Penang's largest, longest and most packed shopping centre. It is located at the heart of the seaside facing Penang Bridge. It has a space of 2.5 milion sq.feet. It houses Penang's first Jusco dsepartmental store. It also houses an 8-screen cinema managed by Golden Screen Cinemas and other retail shops.
  • Gurney Plaza, Penang's first lifestyle shopping mall. Opened in 2001, It is located in front of Gurney Drive. It houses retail shops and also The Northern Region's largest cinema, managed by Golden Screen Cinemas. It has 12 theatres and an 80-seater Premiere Class theatre. The Premiere Class theatre is Malaysia's first.
  • Komtar, Penang's first shopping mall opened in 1989. It is still opened to the public.
  • Sunway Carnival Mall, it is located at Seberang Jaya. It is the first shopping mall in Malaysia to have an IT information provided. It also houses a cinema and lots of retail shops.

Queensbay Mall, is a shopping mall in Penang. ... The 13. ... A JUSCO store in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. ... Golden Screen Cinemas is the largest chain of cinemas in Malaysia. ... Gurney Plaza Penang is one of the latest shopping havens in Penang. ... Gurney Drive (Malay: Persiaran Gurney) is a popular seafront street in George Town, Penang, Malaysia. ... Golden Screen Cinemas is the largest chain of cinemas in Malaysia. ... KOMTAR Complex is located in Penang, Malaysia. ... Sunway Carnival Mall is a shopping mall located at the center of the Seberang Jaya area which is located beside the Sunway Hotel, Seberang Jaya. ...

Arts and Culture

Main article: Culture of Penang

Arts and Culture The Penang State Museum houses artefacts and cultural exhibits. ...

Architecture

A colonial-era house with a Straits-Chinese art deco eclectic architecture
A colonial-era house with a Straits-Chinese art deco eclectic architecture

The City Hall, Penang Fort Cornwallis in Penang The colonial Eastern & Oriental Hotel Beach Street with banks The Chinese Khoo Kongsi clan hall and temple The Blue Mansion Kapitan Keling Mosque The buildings and monuments of Penang reflect 171 years of British presence in Penang, coalescing with local, Chinese, Indian... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 325 KB) Summary own work Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 325 KB) Summary own work Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ...

Tourism

Tanjung Bunga
Tanjung Bunga

Penang may be the most famous island in Malaysia. Priceless architecture centres mainly in George Town, the capital of The Pearl of the Orient. Its endless rows of 100 year-old shophouses and colonial villas give Georgetown its distinctive atmosphere. Penang was venue to several blockbuster movies, such as “Anna and the King” (the Jodie Foster version), and the French film “Indochine” (in which Catherine Deneuve starred). A glimpse of George Town and one will understand how this unique capital seduced the many film directors as well as tourists. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 409 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Penang Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 409 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Penang Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Alicia Christian Foster (born November 19, 1962), better known as Jodie Foster, is a two-time Academy Award-winning American actress, director, and producer. ... Catherine Deneuve (born Catherine Fabienne Dorléac) (French IPA: ), (October 22, 1943, in Paris, France), is an award winning French actress. ...


The best way to capture Penang’s mix heritage is to stroll around town. Be charmed by aged buildings with their faded colours and crumbling walls. Let your eyes be affixed on the slowly changing architectural details of yesteryear houses with their columns or multi-coloured Peranakan tiles. There is a sense of being back in time surrounded by worship houses and shelters. A peaceful atmosphere rests on the streets where Aceh Mosque resides, the oldest house of worship in the city. The smell of incense drifts in the air amidst gold settings of Burmese, Thai and Chinese temples. The magnificent Khoo Kongsi is a true form of Chinese art with its delicately carved wooden panels. Other old-time occupants include Chinese shopkeepers who seem to have lived here forever, colourful Indian food stalls and rickshaws and their drivers. The George Town of yesterday continues to create history today.


Education

Main article: Education in Penang

This articles concerns the educational institutions of Penang. ...

Infrastructure

Healthcare

Healthcare in Penang is provided by public as well as private hospitals. The healthcare system in Penang is widely perceived to be good, and the public healthcare system first established by the colonial authorities was supplemented by healthcare provided by local Chinese charities, and Christian missionaries such as Roman Catholic and Seventh-day Adventist missionary groups. Hospices are also increasingly becoming the choice for long-term and terminal care. The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The Seventh-day Adventist (abbreviated Adventist[1]) Church is a Christian denomination which is distinguished by its observance of Saturday, the seventh day of the week, as the Sabbath. ...

Public Hospitals


Penang Island

  • Penang General Hospital (main)
  • Balik Pulau Hospital

Province Wellesley

  • Seberang Jaya Hospital (main)
  • Bukit Mertajam Hospital
  • Sungai Bakap Hospital
  • Kepala Batas Hospital

Private Hospitals


Penang Island

Province Wellesley Gleneagles Medical Centre was the first Penang Private Hospital located in Penang, Malaysia. ... This article needs to be wikified. ...

  • Bukit Mertajam Specialist Hospital
  • Bagan Specialist Centre

In addition to public hospitals are numerous smaller community clinics. Private hospitals supplement the system with better facilities and equipments. These hospitals cater not only to the local population but also to people from other states and health tourists from neighbouring countries. Patients from the Indonesian city of Medan across the Straits regularly visit these hospitals for quality treatment, and because the cost is less than in places like Kuala Lumpur and Singapore. Penang is, therefore, actively promoting health tourism. For other uses, see Medan (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ...


Transportation

Main article: Transportation in Penang

Getting to Penang both from within and outside Malaysia is easy as Penang is well-connected by road, rail, sea and air. AirAsia flies daily to Penang from Kuala Lumpur and Bangkok with other services to Sarawak and Sabah. A subsidiary of MAS, Firefly, has established six routes within Malaysia and two to Thailand with Penang as its hub using Fokker 50 aircraft. Other airlines operating to Penang are Singapore Airlines, MAS, together with Indonesian airlines Lion Air and Mandala [from November 2007]. Penang, Malaysia is well-connected by road, rail, sea and air. ...


Bridge, roads and highways

The 13.5 km long Penang Bridge

Penang Island is connected to the mainland by the 13.5-kilometre Penang Bridge (completed in 1985), one of the longest bridges in Asia. Due to heavy traffic, the bridge is currently being broadened into 3 lanes from the current two. On March 31, 2006, the Malaysian government announced a second bridge project, tentatively named the Penang Second Bridge, to be built under the Ninth Malaysia Plan. Penang Bridge was built by Hyundai. Image File history File linksMetadata 800px-Penang_bridge. ... Image File history File linksMetadata 800px-Penang_bridge. ... The 13. ... This article is about the year. ... Donghai Bridge, longest cross-sea bridge This is a list of the worlds bridges longer than 1 km (3281 ft) sorted by their full length above land or water. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Penang Second Bridge is a new bridge being planned in Penang, Malaysia. ... Ninth Malaysian Plan abbreviated as 9MP, is a comprehensive blueprint prepared by the Economic Planning Unit (EPU) of the Prime Ministers Department and the Finance Ministry of Malaysia with approval by the Cabinet of Malaysia to allocate the national budget from the year 2006 to 2010 to all economic... South Korean business tycoon Chung Ju-yung, founder and honorary chairman of Hyundai Group, 1998 Hyundai refers to a group of companies founded by Chung Ju-yung in South Korea, and related organizations. ...


Penang on the side of Province Wellesley is connected to the North-South Expressway (Lebuhraya Utara-Selatan), the 966-km long expressway which traverses the western part of Peninsular Malaysia linking major cities and towns. The expressway also incorporates the Penang Bridge. The North-South Expressway Northern Route between Gopeng and Simpang Pulai skretch. ... A typical expressway in Santa Clara County, California. ...


The controversial Penang Outer Ring Road (PORR) is now under way. The idea of the project is to cut travelling time on the eastern part of the island. Concerned citizens voiced protests over the designated route which will cut across quiet residential areas and also cause some environmental damage. Another expressway, the Jelutong Expressway has reduced travelling time from the Penang Bridge to the city centre by half. Penang Outer Ring Road E-- is a new expressway in George Town Penang. ... Jelutong Expressway, or Lebuhraya Jelutong in Malay is an extension of Penang Bridge which connects Georgetown, Penang to Bayan Lepas. ...


The Butterworth Outer Ring Road (BORR) is a 14-km tolled expressway that serves primarily Butterworth and Bukit Mertajam to ameliorate the upsurge in vehicular traffic due to intense urban and industrial development. Butterworth Outer Ring Road or BORR is an expressway in Butterworth, Penang, Malaysia. ... Butterworth may refer to people with the surname: Bob Butterworth, former Florida attorney general George Butterworth, a composer Mary Butterworth, a colonial counterfeiter S. Butterworth, the inventor of the Butterworth filter Butterworth may also be referred to these following places: Butterworth, Penang, a town located in Province Wellesley, Penang, Malaysia... St. ...


Unfortunately, modern transportation has also brought the problem of traffic congestion to the roads of Penang, as most of the roads in the city centre are narrow, due to lack of proper planning and also primarily because these lanes and alleys were built so long ago. Many of them have since been converted into one-way streets in order to smoothen traffic flow. Roads in the city outskirts and in Province Wellesley, however, are broad and modern because these areas were more recently populated and thus could anticipate heavier traffic. As traffic congestion worsen by the year, the government desperately needs to come up with a comprehensive solution to the erratic public transportation problem.


Public transport

Buses and taxis in George Town
Buses and taxis in George Town

Penang boasted an efficient public transport network right up to the 1970s. Electric trams, trolleybuses and double deckers used to ply the streets of Penang. The Penang Hill Railway, a funicular railway to the top of Penang Hill, was an engineering feat of sorts when it was completed in 1923, and is still in use today. Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 275 KB)Vodka Zubrowka File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 275 KB)Vodka Zubrowka File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A modern tram in the Töölö district of Helsinki, Finland A tram (or tramway, trolley, streetcar, tramcar, Straßenbahn) is a railborne vehicle (lighter than a train) for transport of passengers (or, occasionally, freight). ... A trolleybus in Arnhem An electric trolleybus (also known as trolley bus or trackless trolley or simply trolley) is a bus powered by two overhead electric wires, from which the bus draws electricity using two trolley poles. ... A double decker is a bus, airplane, train, tram, ferry, or any public transit vehicle that has two levels for passengers, one deck above the other. ... Penang Hill Railway, shot from Viaduct Station. ... Angels Flight, Los Angeles, California with gantlet track configuration Duquesne Incline, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania with full length parallel tracks The Gütschbahn in Lucerne, Switzerland – from an 1893 guidebook A funicular, also called funicular railway, inclined railway, inclined plane, or, in the United Kingdom, a cliff railway, is a system of... View from the top of Penang Hill. ...


The Penang bus services today are generally unsystematic and do not have a reputation of reliability. Therefore, the usage of public transportation is still low, exacerbating the traffic jams in the city during rush hours. The city council has, however, provided free shuttle bus services for short intra-city travel to lessen the congestion, with mixed success. In April 2006, the local authorities announced a revamp of the public bus service to bring about a more reliable and efficient network without any visible progress. On February 20, 2007, the government announced that Rapid KL will operate the public bus service in Penang under the new entity called Rapid Penang which is formed for this purpose. The services started on 31 July 2007 with 150 buses covering 38 routes on the island and mainland. is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Introduction Rangkaian Pengangkutan Integrasi Deras Sdn Bhd (Rapid KL) is a new company created under the restructuring of Kuala Lumpurs public transport system to operate the various modes of public transport in Malaysias capital city. ... Rapid Penang, a subsidary of RapidKL, is a bus company that will operate in Penang soon due the bad public buses in the state. ...


There are two main bus terminals for express buses which travel out of the state. One is located at the ferry terminal in Province Wellesley, and a newer one at Sungai Nibong on the island.


Taxis in Penang have not conformed to the meter system as exhorted by the federal authorities, citing unprofitability. A new ruling implemented on August 1, 2006 makes it compulsory for taxis to use the meter system. Although taxi drivers have been repeatedly warned by the state government and the Commercial Vehicle Licensing Board (CVLB), the meter system is still not adhered to by taxi drivers in Penang. is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


A quaint mode of transportation, the three-wheeled trishaw, still operates in certain parts of George Town. However, with the advent of modern transportation, the trishaw has increasingly become a mere tourist attraction. A velotaxi, also known as a pedicab, cycle rickshaw or trishaw (from tricycle rickshaw), is a human-powered vehicle for hire, usually with one or two seats for carrying passengers in addition to the driver. ...


Rail and monorail

Penang has 34.9 km of rail track within its border[5]. Butterworth is serviced by the Keretapi Tanah Melayu (KTM) or Malayan Railway West Coast line which runs from Padang Besar on the Malaysia-Thailand Border in Perlis to Singapore. Senandung Langkawi is the daily night express running from Kuala Lumpur to Haadyai via Butterworth. Trains are not a popular mode of transportation due to their low speed and also because of the availability of buses which are more convenient, as well as high ownership of cars. Butterworth may refer to people with the surname: Bob Butterworth, former Florida attorney general George Butterworth, a composer Mary Butterworth, a colonial counterfeiter S. Butterworth, the inventor of the Butterworth filter Butterworth may also be referred to these following places: Butterworth, Penang, a town located in Province Wellesley, Penang, Malaysia... Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTMB) or Malayan Railway Limited is the main rail operator in Peninsular Malaysia. ... The international border that separates Malaysia and Thailand stretches from Kuala Perlis, Perlis in the west to Sungai Golok, Kelantan to the east. ... This article is about the Malaysian state. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... Hat Yai (also Haad Yai) (Thai หาดใหญ่) is a city in southern Thailand near the boundary to Malaysia. ... Butterworth may refer to people with the surname: Bob Butterworth, former Florida attorney general George Butterworth, a composer Mary Butterworth, a colonial counterfeiter S. Butterworth, the inventor of the Butterworth filter Butterworth may also be referred to these following places: Butterworth, Penang, a town located in Province Wellesley, Penang, Malaysia... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Penang has had a monorail under consideration since 1999. The Penang Monorail project was finally approved on March 31, 2006 under the Ninth Malaysia Plan. On August 2, 2006, the federal government has decided to build the monorail transit system in the city of George Town. This monorail line will connect Tanjung Tokong in the north with Bayan Lepas in the south, Air Itam in the west and Weld Quay in the east. Penang Monorail is currently being proposed under the 9th Malaysian Plan. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ninth Malaysian Plan abbreviated as 9MP, is a comprehensive blueprint prepared by the Economic Planning Unit (EPU) of the Prime Ministers Department and the Finance Ministry of Malaysia with approval by the Cabinet of Malaysia to allocate the national budget from the year 2006 to 2010 to all economic... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... George Town is the capital city of the state of Penang in Malaysia. ...


Airport

Penang International Airport (PEN) is located in Bayan Lepas in the south of the island, and international flights are available to Hong Kong, Singapore, Medan, Taipei, Bangkok, Riau and Guangzhou. The airport serves as the northern gateway to Malaysia. Penang International Airport (IATA: PEN, ICAO: WMKP), previously known as Bayan Lepas International Airport, is situated in the Bayan Lepas area of Penang, Malaysia. ... Location of Medan in Indonesia. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Region City seat Xinyi District (信義區) Government  - Mayor Hau Lung-bin (KMT)1 E9 Area  - City 271. ... Location within in Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governer Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... Map of Indonesia showing Riau province Riau is a province of Indonesia, located in the center of Sumatra island along the Strait of Malacca. ... Guangzhou is the capital and the sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ...


In 2006, the airport handled 3.1 million passengers, both domestic and international, and 22.22 million metric tonne of cargo in 2005 from within and outside the country[6]. The airport is the hub of Firefly, a low-cost carrier wholly owned by Malaysia Airlines. Firefly is a low cost airline and a full subsidiary of Malaysia Airlines. ... Malaysia Airlines (Abbreviated: MAS,马航 ; Malay: Penerbangan Malaysia; Chinese: 马来西亚航空公司; Hanyu Pinyin: MálaixÄ«ya Hángkōng GōngsÄ«) is the national airline of Malaysia, operating scheduled services to over 100 destinations worldwide. ...


Ferry and seaports

A Penang ferry docking at the Butterworth jetty
A Penang ferry docking at the Butterworth jetty

Cross-channel ferry services, provided by the Penang Ferry Service, connect George Town and Butterworth, and were the only link between the island and the mainland until the bridge was built in 1985. High-speed ferries to the resort island of Langkawi, Kedah in the north as well as to Medan, Indonesia are also available daily. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 273 KB) Summary own work Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 273 KB) Summary own work Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ... Penang Ferry Service is the oldest ferry service in Malaysia. ... Langkawi is an archipelago of 99 islands in the Andaman Sea, some 30 km off the mainland coast of northwestern Malaysia. ... State anthem: Allah Selamatkan Sultan Mahkota Capital Alor Star Royal capital Anak Bukit Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Tuanku Abdul Halim  - Menteri Besar Mahdzir Khalid History    - British control 1909   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 9,426 km² Population  - 2003 estimate 1,778,188  - Density... For other uses, see Medan (disambiguation). ...


The Port of Penang is operated by the Penang Port Commission. There are four terminals, one on Penang island (Swettenham Pier) and three on the mainland, namely North Butterworth Container Terminal (NBCT), Butterworth Deep Water Wharves (BDWW), and Prai Bulk Cargo Terminal (PBCT). Malaysia being the 13th largest exporting nation, the Port of Penang plays a leading role in the nation's shipping industry, linking Penang to more than 200 ports worldwide. Swettenham Pier also accommodates cruise ships.
Legend of the Seas moored at San Diego, California A cruise ship, or less commonly cruise liner, is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, where the voyage itself and the amenities of the ship are considered an essential part of the experience. ...


Utilities

Water supply which comes under the state jurisdiction, is wholly managed by the state-owned but autonomous PBA Holdings Bhd whose sole subsidiary is the Perbadanan Bekalan Air Pulau Pinang Sdn Bhd (PBAPP). This public limited company provides reliable, round-the-clock drinking water to 100% of the urban areas and 99.5% of the rural areas throughout the state. Penang was cited by the World Development Movement as a case study in successful public water scheme. PBA's water rates are also one of the lowest in the world [7]. Penang's water supply is sourced from the Air Itam Dam, Mengkuang Dam, Teluk Bahang Dam, Bukit Panchor Dam, Berapit Dam, Cherok Tok Kun Dam, Waterfall Reservoir, Guillemard Reservoir, and also from neighbouring Kedah state. Water supply is the process of self-provision or provision by third parties of water of various qualities to different users. ... The initials PLC after a UK or Irish company name indicate that it is a public limited company, a type of limited company whose shares may be offered for sale to the public. ... The World Development Movement (WDM) exists to mobilise public pressure for fundamental change. ... State anthem: Allah Selamatkan Sultan Mahkota Capital Alor Star Royal capital Anak Bukit Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Tuanku Abdul Halim  - Menteri Besar Mahdzir Khalid History    - British control 1909   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 9,426 km² Population  - 2003 estimate 1,778,188  - Density...


Penang was among the first states in Malaya to be electrified in 1905 upon the completion of the first hydroelectric scheme. At present, electricity for industrial and domestic consumption is provided by the national electricity utility company, Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB). Map of Peninsular Malaysia Peninsular Malaysia (Malay: Semenanjung Malaysia) is the part of Malaysia which lies on the Malay Peninsula, and shares a land border with Thailand in the north. ... For other uses, see 1905 (disambiguation). ... Hydroelectric dam diagram The waters of Llyn Stwlan, the upper reservoir of the Ffestiniog Pumped-Storage Scheme in north Wales, can just be glimpsed on the right. ... Electricity (from New Latin Ä“lectricus, amberlike) is a general term for a variety of phenomena resulting from the presence and flow of electric charge. ... Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB) is the largest electricity utility company in Malaysia with RM60. ...


Telekom Malaysia Berhad is the landline telephone service provider as well as the main Internet service provider in the state. Penang also has excellent cell phone coverage. Broadband internet is also widely available. Telekom Malaysia Berhad (TM) is the largest telecommunication company in Malaysia. ... “ISP” redirects here. ... Motorola T2288 mobile phone A mobile phone is a portable electronic device which behaves as a normal telephone whilst being able to move over a wide area (compare cordless phone which acts as a telephone only within a limited range). ...


Garbage collection and disposal is managed by the respective local authorities. The main landfill is the modern Pulau Burung landfill near Nibong Tebal. Look up landfill in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Nibong Tebal is a main town in Penang, Malaysia Category: ...


Sewage treatment in Penang is managed by the national sewerage company, Indah Water Konsortium. Prior to systematic sewerage piping and treatment, waste water was haphazardly disposed, mostly in the sea, causing environmental pollution. It is not uncommon to see washing water from roadside pushcart stalls simply released into the open drainage system. Litter floating in drains and canals is not an uncommon sight. Sewage treatment, or domestic wastewater treatment, is the process of removing contaminants from wastewater, both runoff and domestic. ... The word sewerage means the provision of pipes etc to collect and dispose of sewage. ... Wastewater is any water that has been adversely affected in quality by any anthropogenic influence. ...


Sister Cities

Flag of Indonesia Medan, Indonesia [8] Image File history File links Flag_of_Indonesia. ... For other uses, see Medan (disambiguation). ...


Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs)

Penang is one of the hotbeds of social activism in the country. Anwar Fazal, who is one of the world's leading social advocate, together with several individuals founded the Consumers Association of Penang (CAP) in 1969. The country's most vocal and active consumer protection group, CAP strives to protect the interests of consumers and is a vociferous critic of both the government and private enterprises. It publishes the Utusan Konsumer, Utusan Pengguna, Utusan Cina, Utusan Tamil, Majalah Pengguna Kanak-kanak. Anwar Fazal is also known as the "Father of the Malaysian NGO Movement" and "Ralph Nader of the East". Anwar Fazal Anwar Fazal (b. ...


The World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action WABA is an organization based in Penang whose objectives are to protect, promote and support breastfeeding globally. In particular, their objectives are to re-establish and maintain a global breastfeeding culture, to eliminate all obstacles to breastfeeding, to promote more regional and national level co-operation, and to advocate for breastfeeding in development, women, environment and human rights programmes.


The Penang Heritage Trust is an NGO whose objective is to promote the conservation of Penang's heritage, and to foster cultural education about the history and heritage of Penang. PHT works to enlist the historic enclave of George Town as a World Heritage Site. The organisation had played an important role in saving many heritage buildings in Penang from the encroachment of development. A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...


The Women's Centre for Change Penang (WCC) is a non-profit organisation which supports women and children in crisis.


Friends of the Penang Botanic Gardens Society is a voluntary organisation dedicated to supporting the botanic, horticultural, educational and recreational objectives of the Penang Botanic Gardens.


Crime

Crime is on the rise in Penang, sparking concern among Penangites.[citation needed] A case in point was the daring RM 50 million heist of computer parts at the Batu Maung Free Commercial Zone on 21 November 2006, the nation's biggest robbery to date [9]. The prevalence of petty crimes like snatch thefts is equally disconcerting. This debacle is due in part to the police force which is, for years, markedly understaffed and overstretched.[citation needed] The low presence and visibility of the police force is emboldening potential criminals. The Royal Malaysian Police (PDRM) has promised major reforms and pledged to increase street and neighbourhood patrols. is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kuala Lumpur Police Headquarters The Royal Malaysian Police, or Polis Diraja Malaysia (PDRM) in Malay, is a main branch of security forces in Malaysia. ...


Sports

Tanjung City Marina
Tanjung City Marina

The state has good sporting facilities which provide good training grounds for aspiring sportsmen. The two major stadia are the City Stadium in George Town and the Batu Kawan Stadium in southern Province Wellesley. The Penang International Sports Arena (PISA) in Relau has an indoor stadium and an aquatics centre. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 400 KB) Summary own work Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 400 KB) Summary own work Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Relau is a town located just before Sungai Ara, Penang, Malaysia. ... There are a large number of sports that involve water. ...


Penang has 4 golf courses, namely the 18-hole Bukit Jambul Country Club (on the island), the 36-hole Bukit Jawi Golf Resort, the 18-hole Penang Golf Resort and the 18-hole Kristal Golf Resort. This article is about the sport of golf. ...


The Penang Turf Club, established in 1864, is Malaysia's oldest horse racing and equestrian centre. The turf club is to be relocated to a new site now under construction in Province Wellesley. The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Horse-racing is an equestrian sporting activity which has been practiced over the centuries; the chariot races of Roman times were an early example, as was the contest of the steeds of the god Odin and the giant Hrungnir in Norse mythology. ... A young rider at a horse show in Australia. ...


Eminent sports clubs in Penang include the Bukit Mertajam Country Club, Penang Club, Chinese Recreation Club (CRC), Penang Sports Club, Penang Rifle Club, Penang Polo Club, Penang Swimming Club, Chinese Swimming Club, Penang Squash Centre and a World class marina, the Tanjung City Marina which can accommodate up to 140 yachts and boats of various sizes, along the historic Weld Quay, to attract seafarers from around the world.


The exciting sport of paintball had landed in Penang and there are many paintball fields which you can choose from. The state had witness a few paintball competitions within this year with more to come.


Penang also hosts the annual Starwalk and the Penang Bridge Run and Marathon.


Consulates

Many countries have their consulates in Penang in addition to one in Kuala Lumpur. Foreign representations in Penang are:

  1. Flag of Thailand Royal Thai Consulate-General [10]
  2. Flag of Japan Consulate-General of Japan [11]
  3. Flag of Australia Australian Consulate [12]
  4. Flag of Denmark Royal Danish Consulate
  5. Flag of Norway Royal Norwegian Consulate [13]
  6. Flag of Russia Russian Consulate [14]
  7. Flag of Canada Consulate of Canada [15]
  8. Flag of Sweden Honorary Consulate of Sweden [16]
  9. Flag of Germany German Consulate [17]
  10. Flag of Indonesia Indonesian Consulate [18]
  11. Flag of the Netherlands Consulate of the Netherlands [19]
  12. Flag of France Consulate-General of France [20]
  13. Flag of Finland Honorary Consulate of Finland [21]
  14. Flag of Sri Lanka Sri Lankan Consulate [22]
  15. Flag of Hungary Hungarian Consulate [23]
  16. Flag of the United Kingdom Office of the Honorary British Consul [24]

Image File history File links Flag_of_Thailand. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Indonesia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sri_Lanka. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ...

Penang's Firsts

Fort Cornwallis in George Town, British outpost
Fort Cornwallis in George Town, British outpost
St. George's Church, first Anglican church in Southeast Asia
St. George's Church, first Anglican church in Southeast Asia
The Standard Chartered Bank building at 2 Beach Street
The Standard Chartered Bank building at 2 Beach Street
  • Penang became the first British outpost in the then Malaya and South East Asia in 1786.
  • The country's first newspaper made its appearance in Penang in 1805 - the Prince of Wales Island Gazette. This was followed by the Penang Gazette, first published in 1837.[25]
  • The Royal Malaysian Police was established when King George III awarded Penang a 'Charter of Justice’ in 1807 to form the police force and the Court of Justice.
  • Penang Free School founded by Rev. Sparke Hutchings in 1816, is the first and oldest English School in South East Asia.
  • St George's Anglican Church on Farquhar Street, established in 1816, is the oldest Anglican Church in South East Asia and the only building from Penang that was declared one of the 50 National Treasures by the Malaysian Government.
  • The Sekolah Kebangsaan Gelugor in Penang founded in 1826 is the first Malay school to be established in Malaysia. [26]
  • Convent Light Street or the Convent of the Holy Infant Jesus, a girls' school established by a French Sisters' Mission in 1852, is the oldest girls' school in South East Asia.
  • Chung Hwa Confucian School founded by Cheong Fatt Tze in 1904. It was one of the oldest formal Chinese Schools established in South-east Asia as a result of influence by the educational reforms in China in early 1900s, Mandarin is the school’s medium of instruction.
  • The Municipal Council of Penang Island (Majlis Perbandaran Pulau Pinang), is the successor of the Municipal Council of George Town, which was established in 1857 as Malaysia's first local authority.
  • The Penang Turf Club, established in 1864, is Malaysia's oldest horse racing and equestrian centre.
  • Standard Chartered Bank, the oldest bank in Malaysia, opened its doors in 1875.
  • In 1905 Penang completed its first hydroelectric scheme.
  • in 1906 Penang's first electric tramway made its appearance.
  • Malaysia's oldest Chinese newspaper still in circulation today, Kwong Wah Yit Poh or Kwong Wah Daily (光华日报) was founded on 20 December 1910 by Dr. Sun Yat-Sen in Penang.
  • The Penang Players Music and Drama Society, the oldest English amateur theatre group in Malaysia, was founded in the early 1950s by a group of expatriates residing in Penang.
  • On 1 January 1957, George Town became a city by a royal charter granted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, becoming the first town in the Federation of Malaya to become a city.
  • Penang's water rates/tariffs are amongst the lowest in Malaysia (the other being Kelantan).
  • Covering 738 km², the Seberang Perai Municipal Council (Majlis Perbandaran Seberang Perai) is the largest local authority in Malaysia.
  • The 2,562-hectare Penang National Park in Teluk Bahang gazetted in 2003 is the world’s smallest national park. [27]

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 347 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 347 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 449 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 449 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 427 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 427 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... 1786 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1807 (MDCCCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... Penang Free School is a secondary school located in George Town, Penang, Malaysia. ... Year 1816 (MDCCCXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1816 (MDCCCXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Chung Hwa Confucian School (Chinese : 孔圣庙中华学校) was founded in 1904 in Penang, Malaysia. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Horse-racing is an equestrian sporting activity which has been practiced over the centuries; the chariot races of Roman times were an early example, as was the contest of the steeds of the god Odin and the giant Hrungnir in Norse mythology. ... A young rider at a horse show in Australia. ... Standard Chartered Bank (LSE: STAN, SEHK: 2888) is a British bank headquartered in London with operations in more than fifty countries. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see 1905 (disambiguation). ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Kwong Wah Yit Poh or Kwong Wah Daily (Chinese : 光华日报) is a Malaysian Chinese daily that was founded in 20 December 1910 by Dr. Sun Yat Sen. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Sun Yat-sen (November 12, 1866 – March 12, 1925) was a Chinese revolutionary and political leader often referred to as the father of modern China. Sun played an instrumental role in the eventual overthrow of the Qing Dynasty in 1911. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... George Town is the capital city of the state of Penang in Malaysia. ... Elizabeth II in an official portrait as Queen of Canada (on the occasion of her Golden Jubilee in 2002, wearing the Sovereigns badges of the Order of Canada and the Order of Military Merit) Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary) (born 21 April 1926), styled HM The... State motto: Berserah kepada Tuhan Kerajaan Kelantan State anthem: Selamat Sultan Capital (and royal capital) Kota Bharu Ruling party PAS  - Sultan Tuanku Ismail Petra  - Menteri Besar Nik Aziz Nik Mat History    - Siamese control 1603   - British control 1909   - Japanese occupation 1942-1946   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 14...

Famous Penangites

  • Anwar Fazal, who Mother Earth News called in 1983 "probably the most influential figure in the worldwide consumer movement". [28]
  • Anwar Ibrahim, the ex-deputy prime minister during Tun Dr Mahathir's administration, whose hometown is Cherok Tok Kun.
  • Abdullah Ariff, the distinguished Malaysian artist.
  • Charlie See, born in Penang in 1910, is the founder of Festival of Beauty Inc., which holds rights to 37 pageant titles worldwide. He was involved in photography works for Miss Universe pageants and became one of the most sought-after Hollywood photographers in the 1950s and 60s. [29]
  • Datuk Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, Malaysia's fifth Prime Minister, is from Kepala Batas, Penang.
  • Jill Bennett, actress.
  • Eddy Choong, the four-time All England champion [30] and other badminton legends such as Johnny Heah, Ooi Teik Hock, Lim Say Hup, Teh Kew San, Tan Aik Huang and Tan Aik Mong.
  • Jimmy Choo, the famous shoe designer.
  • Nicol David, the current international women's squash champion.
  • P.Ramlee, Malaysia's legendary actor/singer/director.
  • Lee Chong Wei, currently ranked no.2 badminton player in the world. (Oct 4 2007)
  • Lillian Too, feng shui consultant and best-selling author of feng shui books.
  • Li Yi (李逸), Chinese singer of the 1970s whose promising singing career was cut short by a fatal road mishap in 1980.
  • Popular Malaysian band Alleycats formed in the 1960s comprising Loganathan Arumugam (vocals), David Arumugam (vocals), Tan Chin Hock (drums), Shunmugam Arumugam (lead guitar), Chester Anthony Passerella (saxophone), Khoo Fook Sin and Greenville (keyboards) and Frank Ong (bass).
  • Tan Sri Dato' Loh Boon Siew, a tycoon famous for his Boon Siew Honda.
  • Dr.Wu Lien Teh (1879 - 1960), world-renowned Plague Fighter and pioneer in the modernization of China's public health system.
  • John H. Whyte, the political scientist, was born in Penang

Anwar Fazal Anwar Fazal (b. ... Dato Seri Anwar bin Ibrahim (born August 10, 1947) is a former deputy prime minister and finance minister of Malaysia. ... Mahathir bin Mohamad (born December 20, 1925 in Alor Star, Kedah) was the Prime Minister of Malaysia from July 16, 1981 to 2003. ... The hometown and birthplace of Anwar Ibrahim former deputy prime minister of Malaysia. ... Yang Amat Berhormat Dato Seri Abdullah bin Haji Ahmad Badawi (born November 26, 1939) is the current prime minister of Malaysia, succeeding Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad. ... Kepala Batas is a town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Jill Bennett (December 24, 1931 - October 4, 1990) was a British actress best known as the fourth wife of playwright John Osborne. ... The All England Open Badminton Championships is one of the oldest and most prestigious badminton tournaments. ... Jimmy Choo, born Jimmy CHOW Yeang Keat, is a London-based womens luxury fashion designer best known for his exquisite hand-made shoes. ... Country: Malaysia Residence: Penang, Malaysia Plays: Right-Handed Racquet: Prince o3 Tour Turned pro: 2000 Highest World Ranking: 1 (January 2006) Current World Ranking: 1 (April 2007) WISPA Tour Titles: 22 WIPSA Tour Finals: 11 Coach: Liz Irving Club Based At: Squash City, Amsterdam Nicol Ann David (born August 26... Tan Sri P. Ramlee ( 22 March 1929 - 29 May 1973 ) is an entertainment icon in Malaysia. ... Lee Chong Wei (Simplified Chinese: 李宗伟) (born October 21, 1982) is a professional badminton player from Malaysia. ... Lillian Too Lillian Too (born 1946 in Penang, Malaysia) is a best-selling author, television personality and Feng Shui practitioner from Malaysia. ... Fēng Shuǐ (風水 – literally, wind and water pronounced fung shuway), which may be more than 3000 years old, is the ancient practice of placement to achieve harmony with the environment. ... The Alleycats are a Malaysian band which was formed in 1969 [1], and gained popularity in the late 1970s [2]. They comprise of musicians from Penang, and gained popularity in their home state earlier on in their career [2]. // Members include: Loganathan Arumugam (Loga); and David Arumugam on vocals Tan... Tan Sri Dato Loh Boon Siew 1915-1995 (Chinese: 駱文秀) also known as “Mr Honda” is a Penangite tycoon and the founder of Boon Siew Honda. ... Dr. Wu Lien-teh (伍连德, Wu Liande, Gnoh Lean Tuck, 1879-1960) was a Malayan-born Chinese and graduate of Emmanuel College, Cambridge. ... Professor John H. Whyte (died 17 May 1990) was an Irish historian, political scientist and author of books on Northern Ireland, divided societies and on Church-state affairs in Ireland. ...

Quotes

As one lands on Penang one is impressed even before reaching the shore by the blaze of colour in the costumes of the crowds which throng the jetty.

Isabella Bird, 19th century English traveller and writer. Isabella Bird (October 15, 1831 - October 7, 1904) was a nineteenth-century English traveler and writer. ...

References in popular culture

  • Penang was the shooting location for a number of movies, most notably:
  1. Indochine (France - 1992) featuring Catherine Deneuve and Vincent Perez.
  2. Beyond Rangoon (USA/UK - 1995).
  3. Paradise Road (USA/Australia - 1997) starring Glenn Close and Frances McDormand.
  4. Anna and the King (USA - 1999) featuring Jodie Foster and Chow Yun-Fat.
  5. The Touch (Hong Kong, 2002) featuring Michelle Yeoh.
  6. Lust, Caution (Taiwan, 2007) directed by Ang Lee.
  7. Sun Yat-sen biography film Road to Dawn (China, 2007) featuring Winston Chao and Angelica Lee
  • Penang was featured in or alluded to in novels such as:
  1. The Penang Pirate by John Conroy Hutcheson.
  2. The Man Who Could Work Miracles by H. G. Wells [31].
  3. The Phantom Ship by Frederick Marryat [32].
  4. The Crab That Played with the Sea by Rudyard Kipling [33].
  5. Threshold of Hell by Albert J. Rupp, a crew member of the USS Grenadier SS210 submarine who were captured by Japanese in April 1941 along with 75 others, recounted in the book the dark days when he was interned at Convent Light Street in Penang.

Indochine (Indochina) is a 1992 film in French and Vietnamese which tells the story of a young Indochinese woman named Camille. ... Catherine Deneuve (born Catherine Fabienne Dorléac) (French IPA: ), (October 22, 1943, in Paris, France), is an award winning French actress. ... Vincent Perez (Born June 10, 1962) is a Swiss actor from Lausanne, Switzerland. ... Beyond Rangoon is a 1995 film about Laura Bowman, an American tourist who vacations in Burma (Myanmar) in 1988, the year in which the 8888 Uprising takes place. ... Paradise Road is a 1997 film which tells the story of a group of women who are imprisoned in Sumatra during World War II. It is directed by Bruce Beresford and stars Glenn Close as beatific Adrienne Pargiter, Frances McDormand as the brash Dr. Verstak, Pauline Collins as missionary Margaret... Glenn Close (born March 19, 1947) is a five-time Academy Award-nominated American film and stage actress. ... Frances Louise McDormand[1] (born June 23, 1957) is an Academy Award-winning American film, stage, and television actress. ... For other uses, see Anna and the King (TV series). ... Alicia Christian Foster (born November 19, 1962), better known as Jodie Foster, is a two-time Academy Award-winning American actress, director, and producer. ... Chow Yun-Fat (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) (born May 18, 1955) is a Hong Kong actor. ... This article is about the film starring Michelle Yeoh. ... Dato Michelle Yeoh Choo-Kheng (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Cantonese (Yale romanization): yèuhng jí kìhng; born August 6, 1962) is a Hong Kong-based actress and dancer, sometimes billed as Michelle Khan. Yeoh is a Chinese Malaysian born in Ipoh, Malaysia. ... For the novella by Eileen Chang, see Lust, Caution. ... Ang Lee (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) (born October 23, 1954) is an Academy-Award winning film director from the Republic of China (Taiwan). ... Sun Yat-sen (November 12, 1866 – March 12, 1925) was a Chinese revolutionary and political leader often referred to as the father of modern China. Sun played an instrumental role in the eventual overthrow of the Qing Dynasty in 1911. ... Winston Chao Wen-Hsuan (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; born 9 June 1960) is an actor from Taiwan known for his roles in The Wedding Banquet, Red Rose, White Rose (紅玫瑰白玫瑰) and Eat Drink Man Woman. ... It has been suggested that Angelica Lee Sin Je be merged into this article or section. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Herbert George Wells (September 21, 1866 – August 13, 1946), better known as H. G. Wells, was an English writer best known for such science fiction novels as The Time Machine, The War of the Worlds, The Invisible Man, The First Men in the Moon and The Island of Doctor Moreau. ... Captain Frederick Marryat (July 10, 1792 – August 9, 1848) was an English novelist, a contemporary and acquaintance of Charles Dickens, noted today as an early pioneer of the sea story. ... This article is about the British author. ...

State song

The lyrics of the state anthem are as follows:


Selamat Tuhan kurniakan
Selamat Pulau Pinang
Negeriku yang mulia
Kutaat dan setia
Aman dan bahagia
Majulah jayalah
Negeriku yang ku cinta
Bersatu dan bersama
Untuk negeri kita


Trivia

  • Penang was voted as one of the best cities in Asia by Asiaweek. It was ranked 6th in 1998 and 9th in 2000.
  • Penang ranked as the 10th most liveable city in Asia in 2007, according to an international survey involving 255 cities in Asia by Employment Conditions Abroad Limited (ECA International). Back in 2002, it was placed 12th. A city is judged based on its weather, air quality, infrastructure, health services, housing, security and politics.
  • Many early settlers succumbed to malaria, earning Penang the unenviable epithet of "the White Man's Grave".
  • Penang is the name of a popular themed restaurant/bar located on Second avenue and 83rd Street in Manhattan.

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Asiaweek, the English edition, was a news magazine focusing on Asia, published weekly by Asiaweek Limited, a subsidiary of Time Inc. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). ...

See also

Penang cuisine is the cuisine of the multicultural society of Penang, Malaysia. ... The Straits Settlements were a collection of territories of the British East India Company in Southeast Asia, which were given collective administration in 1826. ... This article is concerns the history of Penang. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The City Hall, Penang Fort Cornwallis in Penang The colonial Eastern & Oriental Hotel Beach Street with banks The Chinese Khoo Kongsi clan hall and temple The Blue Mansion Kapitan Keling Mosque The buildings and monuments of Penang reflect 171 years of British presence in Penang, coalescing with local, Chinese, Indian... The street and place names of George Town, capital of Penang reflect the multicultural heritage of the island. ... British Malaya was a set of states that were colonized by the British from the 18th and the 19th until the 20th century. ... George Town is the capital city of the state of Penang in Malaysia. ... Seberang Perai (formerly known as Province Wellesley) is a narrow hinterland opposite Penang island on the Malay Peninsula, which together with the island forms the Malaysian state of Penang. ... This is a List of Governors of the Straits Settlements. ... The history of Malaysia is a relatively recent offshoot of the history of the wider Malay-Indonesian world. ... Captain Francis Light (1740-1794) was the founder of the British colony of Penang (in modern-day Malaysia) and its capital George Town in 1786. ... Tan Sri Dr Koh Tsu Koon (born 1949) is a Malaysian politican and currently is Penangs Chief Minister. ... Tun Dato Seri Dr. Lim Chong Eu (Chinese :林蒼祐) was born in 1919 in Penang. ...

References

  • The Penang Tourism Action Council. The "Light" Years and Beyond. Retrieved Jul. 26, 2005.
  • Joshua Eliot & Jane Bickersteth: Malaysia Handbook, 4th edition, Footprint Handbooks Ltd, 2002
  • Khoo Salma Nasution: More Than Merchants: A History of the German-speaking Community in Penang, 1800s-1940s, Areca Books, 2006

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Penang
  • Penang State Government
  • Penang Heritage Trust
  • Collection of Penang maps
  • Official Penang Tourism Website
  • Penang travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Penang economic data and reports by Socio-Economic & Environmental Research Institute (SERI

Coordinates: 5°24′N, 100°14′E Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Penang_(Malaysia). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Coat_of_arms_of_Penang. ... George Town is the capital city of the state of Penang in Malaysia. ... Air Itam is a main town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Bagan Ajam is a small town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Balik Pulau is a town in Penang, Malaysia Categories: | ... Beach at Batu Ferringhi Batu Ferringhi (Foreigners Rock[1]) is a strip of beaches on the northern coast of Penang, Malaysia. ... Batu Kawan is a small town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Batu Maung is a town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Bayan Lepas is town in Penang, Malaysia. ... St. ... Butterworth (population 108,000) is the principal town of Seberang Prai district (formerly Province Wellesley) in the state of Penang in Malaysia. ... Ceruk Tok Kun is a small town in Penang, Malaysia. ... This article lacks information on the importance of the subject matter. ... Jawi is a town on the mainland side of Penang, Malaysia. ... This article lacks information on the importance of the subject matter. ... Juru is a town in Penang, Malaysia Category: ... Kepala Batas is a town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Nibong Tebal is a main town in Penang, Malaysia Category: ... Pantai Aceh is a town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Permatang Pauh is a town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Perai is a main industrial area in Penang, Malaysia. ... Seberang Jaya is a township near Butterworth, Penang, Malaysia. ... Sungai Ara is a small town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Sungai Bakap is a town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Sungai Dua is a town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Tanjung Bungah is a small town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Tanjung Tokong is a small town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Teluk Bahang is a town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Val dOr is a small town in Penang, Malaysia. ... Pulau Aman is a small island in Penang, Malaysia. ... Pulau Betong is a small island in Penang, Malaysia. ... Pulau Gedung is a small island in Penang, Malaysia. ... Formerly a penal colony, this 362 hectare island called Pulau Jerejak (Jerejak Island) is a short ferry ride from Bayan Lepas, Penang. ... Pulau Kendi is a small island in Penang, Malaysia. ... Pulau Rimau is a small island in Penang, Malaysia. ... Pulau Tikus is a small island in Penang, Malaysia. ... Mount Erskine is a township in Penang, Malaysia. ... Minden Heights is a township in Penang, Malaysia. ... Taman Tun Sardon is a township in Penang, Malaysia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Malaysia is a federation of 13 states. ... State motto: Maju dan Sejahtera State anthem: Maju dan Sejahtera Constituent Kuala Lumpur Labuan Putrajaya Administered by Ministry of the Federal Territories Minister Zulhasnan Rafique Made into Federal Territory    - Kuala Lumpur 1 February 1974   - Labuan 16 April 1984   - Putrajaya 1 February 2001   - Consolidated under the Ministry 27 March 2004  Total... State motto: Kepada Allah Berserah State anthem: Lagu Bangsa Johor Capital Johor Bahru Royal capital Pasir Pelangi1 Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Iskandar  - Menteri Besar Abdul Ghani Othman History    - Johor Sultanate 14th century   - British control 1914   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 19,984... State anthem: Allah Selamatkan Sultan Mahkota Capital Alor Star Royal capital Anak Bukit Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Tuanku Abdul Halim  - Menteri Besar Mahdzir Khalid History    - British control 1909   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 9,426 km² Population  - 2003 estimate 1,778,188  - Density... State motto: Berserah kepada Tuhan Kerajaan Kelantan State anthem: Selamat Sultan Capital (and royal capital) Kota Bharu Ruling party PAS  - Sultan Tuanku Ismail Petra  - Menteri Besar Nik Aziz Nik Mat History    - Siamese control 1603   - British control 1909   - Japanese occupation 1942-1946   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 14... This article is about the state in Malaysia. ... State anthem: Berkatlah Yang DiPertuan Besar Negeri Sembilan Capital Seremban Royal capital Seri Menanti Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Yang di-Pertuan Besar Tuanku Jaafar  - Menteri Besar Mohamad Haji Hassan History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 6,645 km² Population  - 2007... State anthem: Pahang State Anthem Capital Kuantan Royal capital Pekan Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Ahmad Shah  - Menteri Besar Adnan Yaakob History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 35,964 km² Population  - 2005 estimate 1,372,500  - Density 38. ... For other uses, see Perak (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Malaysian state. ... For other uses, see Sabah (disambiguation). ... For the river, see Sarawak River. ... State motto: Dipelihara Allah State anthem: Duli Yang Maha Mulia Capital Shah Alam Royal capital Klang Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Sharafuddin  - Menteri Besar Dr Mohd Khir Toyo History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 7,956 km² Population  - 2005... State motto: Islam Hadhari Terengganu Bestari State anthem: Terengganu State Anthem Capital (and royal capital) Kuala Terengganu Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin1  - Menteri Besar Idris Jusoh History    - British control 1909   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 12,955 km² Population  - 2005... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... Motto: Coordinates: Country Malaysia State Wilayah Persekutuan Made into Federal Territory 16 April 1984 Government  - Administered by Perbadanan Labuan Labuan Corporation  - Chairman Datuk Suhaili Abdul Rahman Area  - City 92 km²  (35. ... Motto: Bandar raya Taman, Bandar raya Bestari (English :Garden City, Intelligent City ) Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1995, October 19th Made into Federal Territory 2001, February 1st Government  - Administered by Perbadanan Putrajaya Putrajaya Corporation  - Chairman Samsudin Osman Area  - City 46 km²  (17. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Penang - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5222 words)
Penang Hokkien is a variant of Minnan and is widely spoken by a substantial proportion of the Penang populace who are descendants of early Chinese settlers.
Penang agriculture is mainly made up of the major export crops of rubber and oil palm and some cocoa, the food commodities comprising paddy, fruits, coconut, vegetables, livestock which is dominated by poultry and swine, fisheries and aquaculture, and new emerging industries such as ornamental fishes and floriculture[9].
Penang is one of the hotbeds of social activism in the country.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m