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Encyclopedia > Peking University
Peking University
北京大学

Established: 1898
Type: Public
President: Xu Zhihong (许智宏)
Faculty: 4,206
Undergraduates: 15,128
Postgraduates: 15,039
Location: Beijing, China
Campus: Urban, 273 ha
Affiliations: IARU, APRU, BESETOHA
Website: www.pku.edu.cn

Peking University (traditional Chinese: 北京大學; simplified Chinese: 北京大学; pinyin: Běijīng Dàxué), colloquially known in Chinese as Beida (北大, Běidà), was established in 1898. It is regarded as one of the best and the most selective universities in mainland China. Peking University is the second oldest Chinese university. The university policy has mandated the use of Peking University in English rather than Beijing University which is sometimes used unofficially.[citation needed] Image File history File links Peking_University. ... The date of establishment or date of founding of an institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... University President is the title of the highest ranking officer within a university, within university systems that prefer that appellation over other variations such as Chancellor or rector. ... Xu Zhihong (许智宏) is a botanist and the President of Peking University. ... A faculty is a division within a university. ... In some educational systems, undergraduate education is post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelors degree. ... Degree ceremony at Cambridge. ... Peking redirects here. ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... A hectare (symbol ha) is a unit of area, equal to 10 000 square metres, commonly used for measuring land area. ... The International Alliance of Research Universities (IARU) was launched in January 2006 as a leading co-operative network of 10 international research-intensive universities. ... The Association of Pacific Rim Universities (or APRU) is an organisation of leading universities from around the Pacific Rim. ... BESETOHA is a forum in which four representative East Asian Universities— Peking University, Seoul National University, Vietnam National University Hanoi and the University of Tokyo—meet to discuss the present state and future directions of university education, basic education and educational culture. ... A website (alternatively, web site or Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or more web servers, usually accessible via the Internet. ... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Simplified Chinese character (Simplified Chinese: or ; traditional Chinese: or ; pinyin: or ) is one of two standard sets of Chinese characters of the contemporary Chinese written language. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ...

Contents

Present

The Times Higher Education Supplement in 2006 ranks Peking University as the 14th best university in the world, which takes the highest place in Asia; In 2007, Peking University was ranked the 36th, still the highest in China mainland. [1] However, many other national and international rankings of Chinese universities place Tsinghua University first and Peking university second.[2] [1] [2] [3] The Times Higher Education Supplement, also known as The Times Higher or The THES for short, is a newspaper based in London that reports specifically on issues related to higher education. ... Tsinghua University (THU; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is a university in Beijing, China. ...


The entrance criterion of Peking University is extremely selective. Every year some of the top students from each province are admitted, which makes Peking University one of the most prestigious places for students all over China.


Peking University is a comprehensive and national key university全国重点大学. The University consists of 30 colleges and 12 departments, with 93 specialties for undergraduates, 2 specialties for the second Bachelor's degree, 199 specialties for Master's degree candidates and 173 specialties for Doctoral candidates. While in a leading position of basic sciences research and teaching, the university has gained itself very successful development of applied sciences. A bachelors degree is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts for three, four, or in some cases and countries, five or six years. ... A masters degree is a postgraduate academic degree awarded after the completion of an academic program of one to six years in duration. ... Aquatint of a Doctor of Divinity at the University of Oxford, in the scarlet and black academic robes corresponding to his position. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Hard science. ... Applied science is the art of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems. ...


At present, Peking university has 216 research institutions and research centres, including 2 national engineering research centres, 81 key national disciplines, 12 national key laboratories. With eight million holdings, the university library is the largest of its kind in Asia. The university has made an effort to combine the research on fundamental scientific issues with the training of personnel with high level specialized knowledge and professional skill as demanded by the country's modernization. It strives not only for the simultaneous improvements in teaching and research work, but also for the promotion of interaction and mutual promotion among various subjects. Julio Pérez Ferrero Library - Cúcuta, Colombia A modern-style library in Chambéry A library is a collection of information, sources, resources, and services: it is organized for use and maintained by a public body, an institution, or a private individual. ... Human Resources has at least two meanings depending on context. ...


Teaching also has been emphasized. It aims to cultivate the students' practical ability and creative power. As a result, the teaching of core courses is strengthened, the content of courses is enriched and renewed and favourable conditions have been created, for the students to develop themselves in extracurricular activities. In education, teachers are those who teach students or pupils, often a course of study or a practical skill. ... An extracurricular activity is any school-sanctioned activity in which students may participate for some form of credit or recognition. ...


Peking University has been becoming a center for teaching and research, consisting of diverse branches of learning such as pure and applied sciences, social sciences and the humanities, and sciences of management and education. Its aim is to rank among the world's best universities in the next couple of decades, with the school's leadership placing great emphasis on developing bilateral relationships with prominent American universities for student and faculty exchanges. The social sciences are a group of academic disciplines that study human aspects of the world. ... For other uses, see Humanities (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Management (disambiguation). ...


Campus

The campus of Peking University was located in the center of Beijing, and was later moved to the former campus of Yenching University in 1952. The current campus is located in northwest Beijing, in the Haidian district which was designated for universities. Yenching University was a notable university in Peking (present-day Beijing) in China. ...


It is located on the former site of Qing Dynasty royal gardens and retains Chinese-style landscaping as well as many traditional buildings. It is known throughout China, along with its neighbour Tsinghua University, for having one of the most beautiful campuses. Flag (1890-1912) Anthem Gong Jinou (1911) Qing China at its greatest extent. ... Tsinghua University (THU; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is a university in Beijing, China. ...


Beyond Peking University's main campus, Peking University Health Science Center (PKUHSC)'s campus is located in Xue Yuan Rd. where China's most distinguished colleges are located. PKUHSC's campus is less aesthetically appealing but is nonetheless a fitting site for academics and research. Peking University Health Science Campus is a top medical school in China attached to Peking University. ... Peking University Health Science Center is a top medical school in China attached to Peking University. ... Peking University Health Science Center is a top medical school in China attached to Peking University. ...


In 2001, Peking University's Shenzhen campus, Shenzhen Graduate School, was set up. This campus locates at northwest of Shenzhen City. For other uses, see Shenzhen (disambiguation). ...


National Economic Research Institute

The Director of the National Institute of Economic Research, Professor of Economics of the Peking University and Professor of the graduate school of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences is Prof. Fan Gang. Dr Fan had more than 100 academic papers published in both Chinese and English academic journals, more than 200 articles in newspapers and magazines and had also published several books.


International students

Peking University has one of the largest pools of international students in China. The dorms for international students are located at "Shao Yuan" (Shao Garden). Every year, Peking University has approximately 2000 international students on campus. Approximately 40% of the international students are Korean and the remaining 60% are made up of students from most countries in the world including most of Western Europe, North America, South America, all parts of Asia, Australia as well as many parts of Africa. The university is a member of Universitas 21, an international association of research-led universities and has joint degrees with L.S.E. Universitas 21 is an international network of research-intensive universities, established as an international reference point and resource for strategic thinking on issues of global significance. ... Mascot: Beaver Affiliations: University of London Russell Group EUA ACU CEMS APSIA Golden Triangle G5 Group Universities UK Website: http://www. ...


Notable alumni, administrators, and faculty

Peking University has produced many notable people. This is a list of people associated with Peking University in China. ...


See also

7072 Beijingdaxue (1996 CB8) is an asteroid named after Peking University. ... The following is a list of universities in mainland China. ... Beijing Medical University is one of the most influential medical universities in China. ... Gate of PKU High School High School of Peking University (Chinese: 北京大学附属中学), or PKU High School, founded in 1960, is the high school affiliated to Peking University. ...

Notes

  1. ^ http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/hybrid.asp?typeCode=144
  2. ^ http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2005-02/21/content_418027.htm

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Peking University
  • English Homepage
  • Chinese Homepage
  • Peking University Alumni Association
  • Peking University BBS
  • Peking University Judge Online
  • Shenzhen Graduate School of Peking University, Chinese Homepage

Coordinates: 39°59′23″N, 116°18′19″E Project 985 is a constructive project for founding world-class universities in the 21st century conducted by the government of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Peking redirects here. ... Tsinghua University (THU; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is a university in Beijing, China. ... Renmin University of China (RUC), previously known as Peoples University of China (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), colloquially Renda (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is a university in Beijing, China. ... Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: , in short: BÄ›iháng 北航; sometimes abbreviated as BUAA or Beihang in English) is a university located in Beijing, China. ... Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT,北京理工大学) is a university located in Beijing, Peoples Republic of China. ... 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It is a technical university in the city of Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, China, similar to Georgia Tech or Carnegie Mellon in the United States. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Tongji University (同济大学) is one of the leading universities directly under the State Ministry of Education in China. ... Shanghai Jiao Tong University (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; abbreviated Jiao Da (交大) or SJTU), located in Shanghai, is one of the oldest and most influential universities in China. ... Fudan University (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), located in Shanghai, China, is one of the oldest leading and most selective universities in the Peoples Republic of China. ... East China Normal University (华东师范大学) (ECNU) was founded in October 1951 in western Shanghai, in place of Great China University (Daxia University) and Guanghua University. ... 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Zhejiang (Chinese: 浙江; pinyin: Zhèjiāng; Wade-Giles: Che-chiang; Postal System Pinyin: Chehkiang or Chekiang) is a eastern coastal province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Zhejiang University (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in China. ... Anhui (Chinese: 安徽; pinyin: Ānhuī; Wade-Giles: An-hui; Postal System Pinyin: Ngan-hui, Anhwei or An-hwei) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with University of Science & Technology of China. ... Fujian (Chinese: 福建; pinyin: Fújiàn; Wade-Giles: Fu-chien; Postal System Pinyin: Fukien, Foukien; local transliteration Hokkien from Min Nan Hok-kiàn) is one of the provinces on the southeast coast of China. ... 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It is arguable if Hunan University is the oldest University of China. ... Central South University (CSU) is a comprehensive and national key university under the direct administration of the Ministry of Education in China. ... Guangdong (Simplified Chinese: 广东; Traditional Chinese: 廣東; pinyin: Guǎngdōng; Wade-Giles: Kuang-tung; Kwangtung in older transliteration; Cantonese: gwong2 dung1), is a province on the south coast of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Sun Yat-sen University or Zhongshan University (Traditional Chinese: 中山大學; Simplified Chinese : 中山大学; pinyin: Zhōngshān Dàxué) is a prominent university in the southern part of China, located mainly in Guangzhou. ... South China University of Technology (SCUT) is located in Guangzhou, capital of the Guangdong province of southern China. ... Sichuan (Chinese: 四川; pinyin: Sìchuān; Wade-Giles: Ssu-ch`uan; non-standard transliteration: Szechwan) is a province in central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ... 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  Results from FactBites:
 
Peking University: beijing language and culture university, beijing normal university, university in beijing (1003 words)
Peking University (traditional Chinese: 北京大學; simplified Chinese: 北京大学; pinyin: Běijīng Dàxué), colloquially known in Chinese as Beida (北大, Běidà), was established in 1898.
Peking University has been becoming a center for teaching and research, consisting of diverse branches of learning such as pure and applied sciences, social sciences and the humanities, and sciences of management and education.
The campus of Peking University was located in the center of Beijing, and was later moved to the former campus of Yenching University in 1952.
Gerhard Casper's speech at Peking Univ.: 5/98 (4301 words)
What research-intensive universities need to do now, as the 21st century approaches, is to think much harder about what distinguishes them as institutions from other societal institutions engaged in teaching, in order to bring into sharper focus for themselves and for society what is their unique and lasting task.
As we know, Peking University resulted from the Hundred Day Reform of 1898 and was made the pinnacle of a multi-layered educational system that was meant to modernize the education and training of officials.
Quite to the contrary, with universities seemingly hopelessly confused about their mission as they enter the 21st century, it is a matter of urgency to reflect on the university's core tasks and not be diverted by those who want the university to be all things to all people.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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