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Encyclopedia > Pekin, Illinois

Pekin is a city in Tazewell County, Illinois. The population was 33,857 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Tazewell CountyGR6. Tazewell County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Tazewell County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ...

Contents

History

In January 1680, Sieur de La Salle (Robert de LaSalle) and 33 fellow explorers landed their canoes on the eastern bank of the Illinois River. They built a winter refuge in the southeast quarter of section one of Pekin Township. René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (November 22, 1643 - March 19, 1687) was a French cleric and explorer. ...


Pekin, historically, has a rich American Indian heritage. It was the site of Lebourse Sulky's Village in 1812. Sulky oversaw a mixed village of the Potawatomi, Kickapoo and Ojibwa people. He fought with Tecumseh in the War of 1812, as did most of the other chiefs of the Illinois Valley area. Later, this area was the site of Chief Shabbona's village during the Black Hawk War. Rain dance, Kansas, c. ... Kickapoo = Colloquialism. ... The Ojibwa, Aanishanabe or Chippewa (also Ojibwe, Ojibway, Chippeway, Anishinaabe, or Anishinabek) are the largest group of Native Americans/First Nations north of Mexico, including Métis. ... This 1848 drawing of Tecumseh was based on a sketch done from life in 1808. ... Combatants United States Native Americans United Kingdom Canadian colonial forces Native Americans Native Canadians Commanders James Madison Winfield Scott Andrew Jackson Isaac Brock George Prevost Tecumseh† Strength •U.S. Regular Army: 35,800 •Rangers: 3,049 •Militia: 458,463* •US Navy & US Marines: (at start of war): •Frigates:3 •Other... Combatants United States Sauk Nation Strength 8,000 Miltia 1,500 Regulars volunteers? Indian allies ? 1,000 The majority were women and children Casualties 33 killed in action 39 non-combatants killed 450-600 The Black Hawk War was fought in 1832 in the Midwestern United States. ...


Farmer Jonathan Tharp was the first non-Indian resident, building a log cabin in 1824. For some time after the arrival of white settlers, there continued to be a quite large Indian Village, populated primarily by Potawatomi, along the ridge of what is today Pekin Lake. After a county surveyor laid out a "Town Site," an auction of this town plat and site was held in Springfield, Illinois. The village site was awarded to Major Isaac Perkins, Gideon Hawley, William Haines and Major Nathan Cromwell, the last of whose wife named the City of Pekin after Beijing, China, which was at that time spelled "Peking" or "Pekin," spellings still common in German and French. A fine short history of the village is on-line at http://www.villageprofile.com/illinois/pekin/03his/index.html 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Rain dance, Kansas, c. ... Flag Seal Location Location of Springfield within Illinois Government Country State County United States Illinois Sangamon Founded 1819 Mayor Timothy Davlin Geographical characteristics Area    - City 156. ... Beijing [English Pronunciation] (Chinese: 北京 [Chinese Pronunciation]; Pinyin: BÄ›ijÄ«ng; IPA: ), a city in northern China, is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... Beijing (Chinese: 北京; pinyin: Běijīng; Wade-Giles: Pei-ching; Postal System Pinyin: Peking), is the capital city of the Peoples Republic of China. ...


A group of 11 men gathered on June 25, 1862, in Pekin to establish the first council of the Union League of America, to promote patriotism and loyalty to the Union. Its members hoped to counter Northern disillusionment with President Lincoln's military policies after early Union defeats in the Civil War. Although closely allied with the Republican Party, the League sought to enroll all Union supporters, regardless of party. By December, 1863, it claimed 140,000 members in Illinois and almost one million nationwide. The Union League movement focused on providing medical supplies, training nurses, and advocating equality for slaves. As the War gradually turned in favor of the North, the Union Leagues shifted to political endorsements, favoring radical Republicans who advocated full equality and voting rights for African Americans. The Union League played a prominent role in Lincoln’s closely contested re-election in 1864. By the end of the War Between the States, the Union League of America movement grew to two million members. The clubs still continue today, for example, The Union League Club of Chicago has been credited with establishing many of the city’s major cultural organizations, including: The Art Institute of Chicago, Orchestra Hall, the Auditorium Theater and the Field Museum. After the Civil War, The Union League Club of New York founded the Metropolitan Museum of Art, built the Statue of Liberty and Grant's Tomb. A Union League is one of a number of organizations established 1863-64 during the American Civil War to promote loyalty to the Union side and the policies of Abraham Lincoln. ...


Everett McKinley Dirksen (January 4, 1896 – September 7, 1969) was born to German immigrant parents in Pekin where he grew up on a small farm. He dropped out of the University of Minnesota to serve in the Army during World War I. His political career began in 1927, when he was elected to the Pekin city council. Dirksen was also legendary for his fondness for the marigold. When political discussions became tense, Dirksen would lighten the atmosphere by taking up his perennial campaign to have the marigold named the national flower. Although unsuccessful at that, in 1972 his home town of Pekin started holding an annual Marigold Festival in his memory, and now considers itself the Marigold Capital of the World. He is buried in Glendale Memorial Cemetery in Pekin, and the city is home to an official research facility bearing his name that was formerly housed in the Pekin Public Library. Everett McKinley Dirksen (January 4, 1896 – September 7, 1969) was a Republican U.S. Congressman and Senator from Illinois. ... Species About 20, see text : also numerous garden hybrids and cultivars The marigolds, genus Calendula L., are a genus of about 20 species of annual or perennial herbaceous plants in the daisy family Asteraceae, native to the Mediterranean region and Macaronesia. ...


Pekin is included in the list of historic sundown towns. Sundown towns were (and, in some cases, are) towns and cities in the United States where non-whites were systematically excluded from living. ...


Pekin Community High School teams were officially known as the Pekin Chinks until 1980 when the mascot was changed to the Pekin Dragons (an earlier attempt was made by a visit of the NAACP to change the name from Chinks during the 1974-1975 school year, this was voted down by the student council; the event received national attention). Pekin has a large park with a lagoon, Mineral Springs Park, which is located near Pekin Hospital and a senior center. Pekin is home to a high-rise residential facility of the United Auto Workers. It is the home of the minimum-security Pekin Federal Correctional Institute. East Court Village is a popular shopping and dining mall complex. Pekin has a large cinema complex near its northern border with North Pekin on Edgewater Drive/Illinois Route 98. The Pekin area makes up one of the vicariates, or regions, of the Peoria Catholic Diocese, and there is a large Catholic church and school, St. Joseph, in downtown; it is near a few banks, two other large churches and historic James Field.


Geography

Pekin is located at 40°34′4″N, 89°38′13″W (40.567788, -89.636949)GR1.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.6 km² (13.8 mi²). 34.1 km² (13.1 mi²) of it is land and 1.6 km² (0.6 mi²) of it (4.36%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ...


Pekin lies on the Illinois River, and its John T. McNaughton Bridge connects the city to a small area of land the city has annexed in Peoria County. This article is about the river in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Peoria County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ...


Nearby towns include North Pekin, Creve Coeur, Marquette Heights, Morton, Groveland, Tremont, and South Pekin. North Pekin is a village located in Tazewell County, Illinois. ... Creve Coeur is a village located in Tazewell County, Illinois. ... Marquette Heights is a city located in Tazewell County, Illinois. ... Morton is a village located in Tazewell County, Illinois. ... Groveland, Illinois, is a small town in central Illinois located within ten miles of Peoria. ... Tremont is a village located in Tazewell County, Illinois. ... South Pekin is a village located in Tazewell County, Illinois. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 33,857 people, 13,380 households, and 8,804 families residing in the city. The population density was 994.1/km² (2,574.8/mi²). There were 14,038 housing units at an average density of 412.2/km² (1,067.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.80% White, 2.55% African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.31% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget, is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 13,380 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.92. A marriage is a relationship between or among individuals, usually recognized by civil authority and/or bound by the religious beliefs of the participants. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.8 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $37,972, and the median income for a family was $46,346. Males had a median income of $35,906 versus $21,705 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,616. About 6.8% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.6% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


People born or raised in Pekin

  • Scott D. Altman, astronaut
  • Mark Staff Brandl, artist
  • Wyllis Cooper, writer, radio
  • Susan Dey, actress
  • Everett McKinley Dirksen, congressman and senator
  • Brad Elvis, rock 'n' roll drummer
  • Th. Emil Homerin, scholar of religion and mysticism
  • The Jets, 1970s rock band (different than The Jets from Minneapolis)
  • Larry Kenney, actor
  • John T. McNaughton, Harvard Law School professor and Vietnam War planner
  • Danny Lloyd, actor in The Shining, taught science in Pekin.
  • D.A. Points, professional golfer.
  • Ethyl Eichelberger, (1945-1990) An influential figure in experimental theater
  • Officer William H. R. Maddox, pioneer of the D.A.R.E. youth drug prevention program, distinguished police officer, and current city councilman.
  • Sol Bloom, 1870–1949 was an entertainment and popular music entrepreneur who billed himself as "Sol Bloom, the Music Man" and served for many years in the United States House of Representatives.
  • Ormond Stone 1847-1933, was an astronomer, mathematician and educator
  • Charles Turner 1825-1880 Civil War Union Brevet Brigadier General. He served during the Civil War as Colonel and commander of the 108th Illinois Volunteer Infantry. He was brevetted Brigadier General, US Volunteers on March 26, 1865 for "faithful and meritorious services during the campaign against the city of Mobile and its defenses". Buried Lakeside Cemetery Pekin

Justin Peters 2006-3000 Saved 100's of people from the giant space monsters from mars. He is the greatest person to have ever existed, he is also an avid WoW player, and is quite possible the best player ever. Scott D. Altman Scott D. Altman (born 15 August 1959) is an NASA astronaut, United States Navy Captain, and veteran of three space shuttle missions. ... Mark Staff Brandl (1955 in Peoria, Illinois) is a notable American-born artist now living primarily in Switzerland. ... Wyllis Oswald Cooper (1899 - 1955) was a writer and director. ... Susan Dey, in a still from The Partridge Family. ... Everett McKinley Dirksen (January 4, 1896 – September 7, 1969) was a Republican U.S. Congressman and Senator from Illinois. ... Th. ... The Jets The Jets was a band from Pekin, Illinois, consisting of Mike Isenberg, Graham Walker, Greg Clemons, Greg Wilson, and Randy Kohtz. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... The Jets are a family group from Minneapolis, Minnesota who specialize in pop, R&B and dance music. ... Larry in DVD interview. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Danny Lloyd was a child actor best-known for his role as Daniel Torrence in Stanley Kubricks The Shining, with Jack Nicholson and Shelly Duvall. ... The Shining (1980) is a feature film by Stanley Kubrick based on the novel of the same title by Stephen King. ... Ethyl Eichelberger (July 17, 1945 - August 12, 1990) was an American drag performer, playwright and actor. ... Drug Abuse Resistance Education, better known as DARE or D.A.R.E., is an educational program aimed primarily at fifth-grade students which seeks to discourage the use of illegal drugs. ... Sol Bloom political button. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


External links

Flag of Illinois State of Illinois
Topics History | Government | Economy | Culture
Capital Springfield
Regions American Bottom | Champaign-Urbana | Chicagoland | Coulee Region | Forgottonia | Fox Valley | Little Egypt | Metro-East | Northwestern Illinois | Quad Cities | Wabash Valley
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Harvey | Highland Park | Joliet | Kankakee | Moline | Naperville | North Chicago | Park Ridge | Peoria | Pekin | Quincy | Rockford | Rock Island
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Welcome to the City of Pekin Web Site (282 words)
Pekin is a community of over 33,000 centrally located midway between Chicago and St. Louis.
The City of Pekin, Illinois is located in the west central portion of the State.
Pekin is equidistant from the Chicago and St. Louis market centers, being about 165 miles (264 km.) from each.
Pekin Area Chamber of Commerce (263 words)
Pekin is a great community to make your home.
The Pekin Area Chamber of Commerce announces the 10th annual Community Leadership Academy for future leaders in the Pekin Area.
The mission of the Academy is “To identify, inform and educate existing and emerging leaders of the local community, and to motivate them toward leadership responsibilities by exposing them to the realities, opportunities and challenges of the local community.”
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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