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Encyclopedia > Pegasus (constellation)
Pegasus
Pegasus
Click for larger image
List of stars in Pegasus
Abbreviation: Peg
Genitive: Pegasi
Symbology: the Winged Horse / Pegasus
Right ascension: 23 h
Declination: +20°
Area: 1121 sq. deg. (7th)
Main stars: 9, 17
Bayer/Flamsteed stars: 87
Stars with planets: 5
Bright stars: 5
Nearby stars: 2
Brightest star: ε Peg (Enif) (2.39m)
Nearest star: ι Peg (38.3 ly)
Messier objects: 1
Meteor showers: July Pegasids
Bordering constellations: Andromeda
Lacerta
Cygnus
Vulpecula
Delphinus
Equuleus
Aquarius
Pisces
Visible at latitudes between +90° and −60°
Best visible at 21:00 (9 p.m.) during the month of October

Pegasus (IPA: /ˈpɛgəsəs/) is a northern constellation, named after the mythological winged horse Pegasus. It is one of the 88 modern constellations, and was also one of the 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy. This is a celestial map of the constellation Pegasus. ... This is the list of notable stars in the constellation Pegasus, sorted by decreasing brightness. ... The genitive case is a grammatical case that indicates a relationship, primarily one of possession, between the noun in the genitive case and another noun. ... For other uses, see Wing (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... Pegasus and Bellerophon, Attic red-figure Pegasus and Bellerophon, from Mabie, Hamilton Wright (Ed. ... Equatorial Coordinates Right ascension (abbrev. ... In astronomy, declination (abbrev. ... Here is a list of the 88 modern constellations by their area in the sky, measured in square degrees. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Flamsteed designations for stars are similar to Bayer designations, except that they use numbers instead of Greek letters. ... Epsilon Pegasi (ε Peg / ε Pegasi) is a star in the constellation Pegasus. ... The apparent magnitude (m) of a star, planet or other celestial body is a measure of its apparent brightness as seen by an observer on Earth. ... A light-year or lightyear (symbol: ly) is a unit of measurement of length, specifically the distance light travels in vacuum in one year. ... The Messier objects are a set of astronomical objects catalogued by Charles Messier in his catalogue of Nebulae and Star Clusters first published in 1774. ... A meteor shower, some of which are known as a meteor storm or meteor outburst, is a celestial event where a group of meteors are observed to radiate from one point in the sky. ... Andromeda (IPA: ) is a constellation named for the princess Andromeda (which is Greek for Ruler over men), a character in Greek mythology. ... Lacerta, being Latin for Lizard, is one of the 88 official constellations acknowledged by the International Astronomical Union. ... Cygnus (IPA: , Latin: ) is a northern constellation. ... Vulpecula (IPA: , Latin: ) is a faint northern constellation located in the middle of the Summer Triangle, an asterism consisting of the bright stars Deneb, Vega and Altair. ... Delphinus, being Latin for Dolphin, is a rather small (ranked 69th) northern constellation very close to the celestial equator. ... Equuleus (IPA: , Latin: Despite its smallness and lack of bright stars (none are brighter than fourth magnitude), it was also one of Ptolemys 48 constellations. ... Aquarius (IPA: , Latin: ) is the eleventh sign of the zodiac, situated between Capricornus and Pisces. ... For other uses, see Pisces. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Pegasus and Bellerophon, Attic red-figure Pegasus and Bellerophon, from Mabie, Hamilton Wright (Ed. ... A medieval artists rendition of Claudius Ptolemaeus Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: ; ca. ...

Contents

Features

α Peg (Markab), β Peg, and γ Peg, together with α Andromedae (Alpheratz or Sirrah) form the large asterism known as the Square of Pegasus. 51 Pegasi, a star in this constellation, is the first Sun-like star known to have an extrasolar planet. IK Pegasi is the nearest supernova candidate. Spectroscopic analysis of HD 209458 b, an extrasolar planet in this constellation has provided the first evidence of atmospheric water vapour beyond the solar system. Template:Starox begin |- ! style=background-color: #FFFFC0; colspan=2 | Observation data Equinox J2000 |- | Constellation | Pegasus |- | Right ascension | 23h 04m 45. ... Beta Pegasi (β Peg / β Pegasi) is a star in the constellation Pegasus. ... Gamma Pegasi (γ Peg / γ Pegasi) is a star in the constellation of Pegasus. ... Alpha Andromedae (α And / α Andromedae) is the brightest star in the Andromeda constellation, which is located immediately northwest of Pegasus. ... Asterism has several meanings: In astronomy, it refers to a constellation_like group of stars; see asterism (astronomy) In gemmology, it is an optical phenomenon; see asterism (gemmology) In typography, it refers to a symbol; see asterism (typography) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages... 51 Pegasi (Flamsteed designation, HIP 113357 in the Hipparcos Catalogue, HD 217014 in the Henry Draper Catalogue) is the name of a Sun-like star 14. ... An extrasolar planet, or exoplanet, is a planet beyond the Solar System. ... IK Pegasi (or HR 8210) is a binary star system in the constellation Pegasus. ... Multiwavelength X-ray image of the remnant of Keplers Supernova, SN 1604. ... HD 209458 b is an extrasolar planet that orbits the Sun-like star HD 209458 in the constellation Pegasus, some 150 light-years from Earths solar system, with evidence of water vapor. ...


Deep sky objects

The central square arcminute of M15 imaged using the lucky imaging technique Globular Cluster M15 (also known as Messier Object 15 or NGC 7078) is a globular cluster in the constellation Pegasus. ... The Globular Cluster M80 in the constellation Scorpius is located about 28,000 light years from the Sun and contains hundreds of thousands of stars. ... Epsilon Pegasi (ε Peg / ε Pegasi) is a star in the constellation Pegasus. ... Seyfert Galaxy NGC 7742 imaged by the Hubble Telescope. ...

History and mythology

Pegasus was born from the blood of Medusa when the latter was slain by Perseus. Medusa, by Arnold Böcklin (1878) In Greek mythology, Medusa (Greek: Μέδουσα, guardian, protectress[1]) was a monstrous chthonic female character, essentially an extension of an apotropaic mask, gazing upon whom could turn onlookers to stone. ... Perseus with the head of Medusa, by Antonio Canova, completed 1801 (Vatican Museums) Perseus, Perseos, or Perseas (Greek: Περσεύς, Περσέως, Περσέας), the legendary founder of Mycenae and of the Perseid dynasty there, was the first of the mythic heroes of Greek mythology whose exploits helped establish the hegemony of Zeus and the Twelve...


Pegasus has an appearance resembling a grazing horse, with a large square area as its body [1]. Due to the presence of the 4 brightest stars in the square, i.e. the 4 horses of Pegasus, this may be part of the origin of the myth of the Mares of Diomedes [citation needed], one of The Twelve Labours of Herakles, together with another feature in the Zodiac sign of Aquarius, namely Aquarius itself, pouring out the waters. Grazing To feed on growing herbage, attached algae, or phytoplankton. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... Heracles capturing the Mares of Diomedes. ... Hercules and the Hydra by Antonio Pollaiuolo The Twelve Labours (Greek: dodekathlos) of Heracles (Latin: Hercules) are a series of archaic episodes connected by a later continuous narrative, concerning a penance carried out by Heracles, the greatest of the Greek heroes. ... For the son of Alexander the Great, see Heracles (Macedon). ... The term zodiac denotes an annual cycle of twelve stations along the ecliptic, the apparent path of the sun across the heavens through constellations that divide the ecliptic into twelve equal zones of celestial longitude. ... Spirit of Aquarius Aquarius is an astrological sign, which is associated with the constellation Aquarius. ...


The star formerly known as Delta Pegasi (labeled "Sirrah" in the map), one of the 4 stars in Pegasus' square, is now considered to be part of Andromeda, (α Andromedae) and is more usually called "Alpheratz." By moving the star, the square became a triangle attached to a stick body, thus resembling a wing. As a winged horse, Pegasus features in Greek mythology as its namesake, Pegasus. Alpha Andromedae (α And / α Andromedae) is the brightest star in the Andromeda constellation, which is located immediately northwest of Pegasus. ... Andromeda (IPA: ) is a constellation named for the princess Andromeda (which is Greek for Ruler over men), a character in Greek mythology. ... The bust of Zeus found at Otricoli (Sala Rotonda, Museo Pio-Clementino, Vatican) Greek mythology is the body of stories belonging to the Ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. ... Pegasus and Bellerophon, Attic red-figure Pegasus and Bellerophon, from Mabie, Hamilton Wright (Ed. ...


Visualizations

Diagram of alternate way to connect the stars in the constellation Pegasus. Pegasus is shown to be a winged horse.
Diagram of alternate way to connect the stars in the constellation Pegasus. Pegasus is shown to be a winged horse.

The body of the horse consists of a quadrilateral formed by the stars α Peg, β Peg, γ Peg, and α And. Image File history File links Pegasus_constellation_map_visualization. ... Image File history File links Pegasus_constellation_map_visualization. ... Template:Starox begin |- ! style=background-color: #FFFFC0; colspan=2 | Observation data Equinox J2000 |- | Constellation | Pegasus |- | Right ascension | 23h 04m 45. ... Beta Pegasi (β Peg / β Pegasi) is a star in the constellation Pegasus. ... Gamma Pegasi (γ Peg / γ Pegasi) is a star in the constellation of Pegasus. ... Alpha Andromedae (α And / α Andromedae) is the brightest star in the Andromeda constellation, which is located immediately northwest of Pegasus. ...


The front legs of the winged horse are formed by two crooked lines of stars, one leading from η Peg to κ Peg and the other from μ Peg to 1 Pegasi. Matar (shoulder) is the name of the star? Pegasi (Eta Pegasi). ... Jih is the name of the star Kappa Pegasi. ... Mu Pegasi (μ Peg / μ Pegasi) is a star in the constellation Pegasus. ...


Another crooked line of stars from α Peg via θ Peg to ε Peg forms the neck and head; ε is the snout. Template:Starox begin |- ! style=background-color: #FFFFC0; colspan=2 | Observation data Equinox J2000 |- | Constellation | Pegasus |- | Right ascension | 23h 04m 45. ... Baham is a meat typically served for breakfast in South Africa. ... Epsilon Pegasi (ε Peg / ε Pegasi) is a star in the constellation Pegasus. ...


See also

The Pegasus Dwarf Spheroidal (also known as Andromeda VI or Peg dSph for short) is a dwarf spheroidal galaxy about 2. ... The Pegasus Dwarf Irregular Galaxy (also known as Peg DIG or the Pegasus Dwarf) is an irregular galaxy and a dwarf galaxy in the direction of the constellation Pegasus. ...

References

  • H. A. Rey, The Stars — A New Way To See Them. Enlarged World-Wide Edition. Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1997. ISBN 0-395-24830-2.
  • Ian Ridpath and Wil Tirion (2007). Collins Stars and Planets Guide, HarperCollins, London. ISBN 978-0007251209.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:




Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

The 88 modern constellations
Andromeda • Antlia • Apus • Aquarius • Aquila • Ara • Aries • Auriga • Boötes • Caelum • Camelopardalis • Cancer • Canes Venatici • Canis Major • Canis Minor • Capricornus • Carina • Cassiopeia • Centaurus • Cepheus • Cetus • Chamaeleon • Circinus • Columba • Coma Berenices • Corona Australis • Corona Borealis • Corvus • Crater • Crux • Cygnus • Delphinus • Dorado • Draco • Equuleus • Eridanus • Fornax • Gemini • Grus • Hercules • Horologium • Hydra • Hydrus • Indus • Lacerta • Leo • Leo Minor • Lepus • Libra • Lupus • Lynx • Lyra • Mensa • Microscopium • Monoceros • Musca • Norma • Octans • Ophiuchus • Orion • Pavo • Pegasus • Perseus • Phoenix • Pictor • Pisces • Piscis Austrinus • Puppis • Pyxis • Reticulum • Sagitta • Sagittarius • Scorpius • Sculptor • Scutum • Serpens • Sextans • Taurus • Telescopium • Triangulum • Triangulum Australe • Tucana • Ursa Major • Ursa Minor • Vela • Virgo • Volans • Vulpecula

  Results from FactBites:
 
Pegasus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (451 words)
In Greek mythology, Pegasus (Pegasos) was a winged horse that was the son of Poseidon, in his role as horse-god, and the Gorgon Medusa.
Pegasus was eventually turned into a constellation, but a single feather fell to the earth near the city of Tarsus (hence its name).
Similarly, in the Disney adaptation of the Hercules legend, Pegasus is depicted as a childhood pet of Hercules.
The Constellations - Enchanted Learning Software (2295 words)
Cetus is a constellation that straddles the celestial equator.
[Abbreviation: Sgr] Sagittarius is the ninth constellation of the zodiac.
[Abbreviation: Sco] Scorpius (the scorpion) is a constellation of the zodiac.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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