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Encyclopedia > Pedunculate oak
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Pedunculate Oak
English Oak (Quercus robur)
English Oak (Quercus robur)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fagales
Family: Fagaceae
Genus: Quercus
Species: Q. robur
Quercus robur
L.

The Pedunculate Oak or English Oak (Quercus robur) is native to most of Europe, and to Asia Minor to the Caucasus, and also to parts of North Africa. Download high resolution version (701x948, 99 KB)Pedunculate Oak foliage and acorns - photo User:MPF File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms (as opposed to folk taxonomy). ... Divisions Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering plants Adiantum pedatum (a fern... Classes Magnoliopsida- Dicots Liliopsida- Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are a major group of land plants. ... Young castor oil plant showing its prominent two embryonic leaves (cotyledons), that differ from the adult leaves An example of a trimerous and non-eudicot flower: Magnolia Dicotyledons or dicots are a group of flowering plants whose seed typically contains two embryonic leaves or cotyledons. ... Families included in the Kew list: Fagaceae - Beech family   (including Nothofagaceae) Betulaceae - Birch family Corylaceae - Hazel family Ticodendraceae not included in the Kew list: Casuarinaceae - She-oak family Juglandaceae - Walnut family Rhoipteleaceae Myricaceae The Fagales are an order of flowering plants, including some of the best known trees. ... Genera Castanea - Chestnuts Castanopsis Chrysolepis - Golden chinkapin Colombobalanus Fagus - Beeches Formanodendron Lithocarpus - Stone oaks Nothofagus - Southern beeches Quercus - Oaks Trigonobalanus The family Fagaceae, or beech family, is characterized by alternate leaves with pinnate venation, flowers in the form of catkins, and fruit in the form of nuts, one to seven... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus, and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... Carolus Linnaeus Carl Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as , (May 23, 1707 – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[1] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one, leading to various perspectives about Europes borders. ... Anatolia (Greek: ανατολη anatole, rising of the sun or East; compare Orient and Levant, by popular etymology Turkish Anadolu to ana mother and dolu filled), also called by the Latin name of Asia Minor, is a region of Southwest Asia which corresponds today to the Asian portion of Turkey. ... The Entholinguistic patchwork of the modern Caucasus - CIA map The Caucasus, a region bordering Asia Minor, is located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea which includes the Caucasus Mountains and surrounding lowlands. ... Africa is the worlds second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia. ...


It is the type species of the genus (the species by which the oak genus Quercus is defined), and a member of the white oak section Quercus subgenus Quercus section Quercus. The populations in Italy, southeast Europe, and Asia Minor & the Caucasus are sometimes treated as separate species, Q. brutia Tenore, Q. pedunculiflora K. Koch and Q. haas Kotschy respectively. Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus, and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... Genus Quercus Subgenus Quercus Typical oaks. ...

English Oak - from Thomé, Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 1885
English Oak - from Thomé,
Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 1885

It is a large deciduous tree 25–35 m tall (exceptionally to 40 m), with lobed and nearly sessile (very short-stalked) leaves 7–14 cm long. Flowering takes place in mid spring, and their fruit, called acorns, ripen by autumn of the same year. The acorns are 2–2.5 cm long, pedunculate (having a peduncle or acorn-stalk, 3–7 cm long) with one to four acorns on each peduncle. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1462x2346, 908 KB) Please see the file description page for further information. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1462x2346, 908 KB) Please see the file description page for further information. ... Deciduous means temporary or tending to fall off (deriving from the Latin word decidere, to fall off). ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... Acorns of Sessile Oak The acorn is the fruit of oaks (genera Quercus, Lithocarpus and Cyclobalanopsis, in the family Fagaceae). ...


It forms a long-lived tree, with a large widespreading head of rugged branches. While it may naturally live to an age of a few centuries, many of the oldest trees are pollarded or coppiced, both pruning techniques that extend the tree's potential lifespan, if not its health. A specimen of notable longevity is one in Stelmužė, Lithuania which is believed to be approximately 1,500 years old, possibly making it the oldest Oak in Europe; another specimen, estimated to be about 1,200 years old, grows in Denmark. Pollarding is a woodland management method of encouraging lateral branches by cutting off a tree stem two metres or so above ground level. ... Coppicing is a traditional method of woodland management, by which young tree stems are cut down to a foot or less from ground level. ... Stelmužė is a village in the Zarasai municipality of Lithuania. ...


A close relative is the Sessile oak (Quercus petraea), which shares much of its range. Pedunculate Oak is distinguished from this species by its leaves having only a very short stalk 3–8 mm long, and by its pendunculate acorns. The two often hybridise in the wild, the hybrid being known as Quercus × rosacea. Binomial name Quercus petraea (Mattuschka) Liebl. ...


Within its native range it is valued for its importance to insects and other wildlife. Numerous insects live on the leaves, buds, and in the acorns. The acorns form a valuable food resource for several small mammals and some birds, notably Eurasian Jays Garrulus glandarius. Classes & Orders See taxonomy Insects are invertebrate animals of the Class Insecta, the largest and (on land) most widely-distributed taxon within the phylum Arthropoda. ... Orders Subclass Multituberculata (extinct) Plagiaulacida Cimolodonta Subclass Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Subclass Triconodonta (extinct) Subclass Eutheria (includes extinct ancestors)/Placentalia (excludes extinct ancestors) Afrosoricida Artiodactyla Carnivora Cetacea Chiroptera Cimolesta (extinct) Creodonta (extinct) Condylarthra (extinct) Dermoptera Desmostylia (extinct) Dinocerata (extinct) Embrithopoda (extinct) Hyracoidea Insectivora Lagomorpha Litopterna (extinct) Macroscelidea Mesonychia (extinct) Notoungulata (extinct) Perissodactyla... Binomial name Garrulus glandarius Linnaeus, 1758 The Eurasian Jay (Garrulus glandarius) occurs over a vast region from Western Europe and north-west Africa to the eastern seaboard of Asia and down into south-east Asia. ...


Cultivation and uses

It is planted for forestry, and produces a long-lasting and durable heartwood, much in demand for interior and furniture work. A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ...


Several hybrids with other white oak species have also been produced in cultivation, including Turner's oak Q. × turnerii (Q. ilex × Q. robur), Heritage oak Q. × macdanielli (Q. macrocarpa × Q. robur) and Two worlds oak Q. × bimundorum (Q. alba × Q. robur), the latter two developed by nurseries in the United States. In biology, hybrid has three meanings. ... Binomial name Quercus ilex L. The Holm Oak Quercus ilex L., also called Holly oak or Evergreen Oak, is a large evergreen oak native to the Mediterranean region. ... Binomial name Quercus macrocarpa Michx. ... Binomial name Quercus alba L. The White oak (Quercus alba) is one of the most magnificent of oaks. ...


A number of cultivars are grown in arboreta and in parks and gardens. These are generally smaller than the standard tree, mostly growing to between 10-15 m and exhibiting unusual leaf or crown shape characteristics. The most common cultivated form probably is the cultivar Quercus robur 'Fastigiata', with a narrow and columnar crown. This is propagated from an upright tree that was found in central Europe. This Osteospermum Pink Whirls is a successful cultivar. ... An arboretum is a botanical garden primarily devoted to trees and other woody plants, forming a living collection of trees intended at least partly for scientific study. ... An Australian park A park is any of a number of geographic features. ... Part of a garden in Bristol, England A flower bed in the gardens of Bristol Zoo, England Checkered flower bed in Tours, France A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the display, cultivation, and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature. ...


Quercus robur 'Concordia', is a small slow-growing tree with leaves bright yellow in spring, reaching 10 m.


Quercus robur 'Purpurea' another cultivar growing to 10 m, but with purple coloured leaves similar to a copper beech.

Enlarge
Fastigiate English Oak Quercus robur 'Fastigiata', Knightshayes Court.
Golden English Oak Quercus robur' 'Concordia', Wilton House.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 900 KB) Summary Quercus robur Fastigiata at Knightshayes Court, Devon, UK 02 September 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 900 KB) Summary Quercus robur Fastigiata at Knightshayes Court, Devon, UK 02 September 2005. ... Knightshayes Court is an estate in Tiverton, Devon, England, owned by the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 874 KB) Summary Quercus robur Concordia at Wilton House, Wiltshire, UK 24 May 2006 http://en. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 874 KB) Summary Quercus robur Concordia at Wilton House, Wiltshire, UK 24 May 2006 http://en. ... Jones and de Causs South Front and the Palladian Bridge (1736/7), in a view of circa 1820 Wilton House is an English country house situated at Wilton near Salisbury in Wiltshire. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Pedunculate oak - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (532 words)
The Pedunculate Oak or English Oak (Quercus robur) is native to most of Europe, and to Asia Minor to the Caucasus, and also to parts of North Africa.
It is the type species of the genus (the species by which the oak genus Quercus is defined), and a member of the white oak section Quercus subgenus Quercus section Quercus.
Pedunculate Oak is distinguished from this species by its leaves having only a very short stalk 3–8 mm long, and by its pendunculate acorns.
English oak - definition of English oak in Encyclopedia (420 words)
The Pedunculate Oak or English Oak (Quercus robur L.) is native to most of Europe, and to Asia Minor to the Caucasus, and also to parts of North Africa.
The acorns are 2–2.5 cm long, pedunculate (having a peduncle or acorn-stalk, 3–7 cm long) with one to four acorns on each peduncle.
Pedunculate Oak is distinguished from this species by its leaves having only a very short stalk 3–8 mm long, and by its pendunculate acorns.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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