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Encyclopedia > Pedro Menéndez de Avilés
Don Pedro Menendez de Aviles
Don Pedro Menendez de Aviles

Pedro Menendez de Aviles (born 1519 in Avilés, Spain, dead in Santander on September 17, 1574), was the first Spanish governor of Florida. He founded the city of St. Augustine on August 28, 1565. picture of Don Pedro Menendez de Aviles This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Events March 4 - Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico. ... Capital Avilés Area  - total  - % of Asturias Ranked 71st 25. ... The Kingdom of Spain or Spain (Spanish and Galician: Reino de España or España; Catalan: Regne dEspanya; Basque: Espainiako Erresuma) is a country located in the southwest of Europe. ... For alternate uses, see Santander. ... September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... Events April 14 - Battle of Mookerheyde. ... State nickname: Everglade State, Sunshine State Other U.S. States Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Governor Jeb Bush Official languages English Area 170,451 km² (22nd)  - Land 137,374 km²  - Water 30,486 km² (17. ... St. ... August 28 is the 240th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (241st in leap years), with 125 days remaining. ... Events March 1 - the city of Rio de Janeiro is founded April 27 - Cebu City is established becoming the first Spanish settlement in the Philippines. ...


Pedro Menendez de Aviles was about forty-six years when he had risen to the highest rank in the Spanish navy; he was a man of huge fortune. In 1554, he commanded the vessel which bore as his king to England to marry Queen Mary; and in 1561, he commanded the great treasure-fleet of galleons on their voyage from Mexico to Spain. When he had delivered the fleet in Spain, he asked permission to go back in search of the lost vessel, but was then refused. This was the vessel that he lost his son and other family and friends on. However, after a couple of years of delay, his request was granted only on the condition that he would explore and colonize Florida. He fitted out an expedition for the purpose at his own expense, but when he was about to sail, orders came to him to kill all Protestants he might find there, or in whatever corner of the world he should discover them, on land or sea, in forests or marshes. Events February 12 - After claiming the throne of England the previous year, Lady Jane Grey is beheaded for treason alongside her husband. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK 49,138,831 377/km² Religion... [] Among the women known to history as Queen Mary are: Mary of Hungary (1371-1395), queen regnant of Hungary, was the daughter of Louis I of Hungary and the wife of Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor. ... Events The Edict of Orleans suspends the persecution of the Huguenots. ... The United Mexican States or Mexico (Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos or México; regarding the use of the variant spelling Méjico, see section The name below) is a country located in North America, bordered to the north by the United States of America, to the southeast by Guatemala and Belize, to...


Pedro was credited as the Spanish leader who began the royal fortresses at major Caribbean ports. He was appointed Captain-General of the Armada de la Carrera in 1554 when he took out the Indies fleets 1555 and brought them back safely to Spain. The experience he gained assured him of the importance of the Bahama Channel. The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ... Events February 12 - After claiming the throne of England the previous year, Lady Jane Grey is beheaded for treason alongside her husband. ... Events Russia breaks 60 year old truce with Finland May 23 - Paul IV becomes Pope. ...


When Pedro arrived off the coast of Florida, it was August 28, 1565, the Feast Day of St. Augustine. Pedro Menendez De Aviles, led a charge to Florida, wiping out a French colony and building a Spanish base. Eleven days later, he and his 600 soldiers and settlers came ashore at the site of the Timucuan Indian village of Seloy with banners flying and trumpets sounding. He hastily fortified the fledgling village and named it St. Augustine. August 28 is the 240th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (241st in leap years), with 125 days remaining. ... Events March 1 - the city of Rio de Janeiro is founded April 27 - Cebu City is established becoming the first Spanish settlement in the Philippines. ... Augustine is the name of two important Saints: Augustine of Hippo (354-430) -- philosopher and theologian, author of The City of God, Confessions Augustine of Canterbury (d. ...


Pedro's brilliant military maneuvers, allowed him to destroy the French garrison on the St. Johns River and, with the help of a hurricane, also defeated the French fleet. With the coast of Florida firmly in Spanish hands, he then set to work building the town, establishing missions to the Indians for the Church, and exploring the land. The St. ...


 
 

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