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Encyclopedia > Pedro II of Brazil
Pedro II of Brazil
Emperor of Brazil
Reign 7 April 1831 - 15 November 1889
Coronation 18 July 1841
Born 2 December 1825
Palácio Imperial, Rio de Janeiro
Died 5 December 1891
Hotel Bedford, Paris
Predecessor Pedro I of Brazil
Successor Isabel of Brazil
Consort Teresa of the Two Sicilies
Issue Afonso de Bourbon e Bragança
Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil
Princess Leopoldina of Brazil
Pedro de Bourbon e Bragança
Royal House House of Braganza
Royal anthem Independence Hymn
Father Pedro I of Brazil
Mother Maria Leopoldina of Austria

Dom Pedro II (pron. IPA ['pedɾu]; Pedro Segundo, meaning "Peter the Second"), Emperor of Brazil (December 2, 1825December 5, 1891) KG was the second and last Brazilian Emperor. His name in full was Pedro de Alcântara João Carlos Leopoldo Salvador Bibiano Francisco Xavier de Paula Leocádio Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Bragança e Habsburgo, By the Grace of God and Unanimous Acclamation of the People, Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender of Brazil. The Brazilian monarchs were the rulers of Brazil from its discovery in 1500 until 1889. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... December 2 is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Museu Nacional main historical building The National Museum of Brazil (Museu Nacional in Portuguese) is a centenarian museum and research institution, located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... Location of Rio de Janeiro Coordinates: Country Brazil Region Southeast State Rio de Janeiro Government  - Mayor Cesar Maia (PFL) Area  - City 1,260 km²  (486. ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil (pron. ... Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil (July 29, 1846—November 14, 1921), nicknamed the Redeemer, was heir to the throne of Brazil (with the title of Princess Imperial) during the last decades of the reign of her father Pedro II of Brazil, and sometime Regent. ... The drawing portrait picture of Princess Teresa of the Two Sicilies. ... Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil (July 29, 1846—November 14, 1921), nicknamed the Redeemer, was heir to the throne of Brazil (with the title of Princess Imperial) during the last decades of the reign of her father Pedro II of Brazil, and sometime Regent. ... Princess Leopoldina of Brazil, Princess of Kohary, Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duchess in Saxony (São Cristóvão Palace, July 13, 1847 - Vienna, Austria, February 7, 1871). ... The Royal House of Braganza (Portuguese: Casa Real de Bragança, pron. ... The Hino da Independência (Anthem of Independence) was the first anthem of Brazil, composed by the first emperor, Dom Pedro I, with lyrics by Evaristo da Veiga. ... Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil (pron. ... D. Maria Leopoldina in 1825, with her children (the future Emperor Dom Pedro II sits at her lap; at her right the future Queen Maria da Glória of Portugal) Archduchess Maria Leopoldina Josepha Caroline of Austria (22 January 1797-11 December 1826), Empress consort of Brazil, and, for two... Look up pronunciation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... December 2 is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The insignia of a knight of the Order of the Garter. ... An emperor is a (male) monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm. ...


He was born on December 2, 1825 in Rio de Janeiro, making him Brazil's only native-born monarch. December 2 is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Location of Rio de Janeiro Coordinates: Country Brazil Region Southeast State Rio de Janeiro Government  - Mayor Cesar Maia (PFL) Area  - City 1,260 km²  (486. ...

Contents

The Regency

When he was a boy of five, Pedro became the Emperor of Brazil. His father Pedro I abdicated the Throne on April 7, 1831, after violent protests in Brazil against his careless handling of internal affairs, to fight a civil war in Portugal. The aim of the war in Portugal was to restore the throne of Portugal to Maria II, elder sister of Pedro II. Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil (pron. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Maria II, Queen of Portugal, (pron. ...


As a result of caring for his children's interests, in 1834, his father, Pedro I of Brazil (and Pedro IV of Portugal), had a daughter on the throne of Portugal (who was only 15 years old) and a son, namely Pedro II himself, who was Emperor of Brazil, at age 9. Year 1834 (MDCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


During the Emperor's childhood, a series of regents administered the government, in accordance with Constitution. In 1840, the Brazilian Imperial Parliament, or General Assembly, abolished the regency and declared Pedro to be of age to govern. Though only 14, Pedro already had a reputation as a judicious ruler, and the Imperial Parliament hoped that his popularity would quell the regional revolts that had rocked Brazil in the 1830s. Emperor Pedro II was consecrated and crowned on July 18, 1841. Regent, from the Latin, a person selected to administer a state because the ruler is a minor or is not present or debilitated. ...


Family life

Dom Pedro II was married on September 4, 1842 to Princess Teresa of the Two Sicilies (1822–1889), the youngest daughter of King Francis I of the Two Sicilies (1777–1830) and Maria Isabella of Spain. It was quite difficult for Brazilian monarchs to find a bride abroad, since their country was very far from Europe, and all the marriages they contracted when reigning were with princesses of small political importance. (Pedro I had been married to Leopoldina of Austria when he was Crown Prince of Portugal but, once widowed, he could only get the hand of a granddaughter of Eugene de Beauharnais, an origin which was not highly appraised at the time of his second marriage). Pedro II and Teresa Cristina had four children: is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The drawing portrait picture of Princess Teresa of the Two Sicilies. ... Francis I (Francesco Gennaro Giuseppe, August 14, 1777 – November 8, 1830) was King of the Two Sicilies from 1825 to 1830. ... Francis I (Francesco Gennaro Giuseppe, August 14, 1777 – November 8, 1830) was King of the Two Sicilies from 1825 to 1830. ...

On September 7, 1822, Prince Pedro of Portugal, heir apparent to the Portuguese throne and the Kings representative in Brazil, declared the countrys independence from Portugal and proclaimed himself Emperor of Brazil. ... Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil (July 29, 1846—November 14, 1921), nicknamed the Redeemer, was heir to the throne of Brazil (with the title of Princess Imperial) during the last decades of the reign of her father Pedro II of Brazil, and sometime Regent. ... Louis Philippe Marie Ferdinand Gaston dOrléans, comte dEu (1842-1922) was the son of Louis Charles Philippe Raphael, duc de Nemours. ... Louis, Duke of Nemours Louis Charles Philippe Raphael, duc de Nemours (October 25, 1814 – June 26, 1896) was the second son of the duke of Orleans, afterwards King Louis-Philippe of France, and his wife Marie Amalie of Bourbon-Sicilies. ... Leopoldina of Brazil, Princess of Brazil and Duchess of Saxe (São Cristóvão Palace, July 13, 1847 - Vienna, Austria, February 7, 1871). ... Ludwig August Maria Eudes of Saxe-Coburg-Kohary (b. ... Saxe-Coburg-Gotha or Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (German: Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha) was once the name given to the two German duchies of Saxe-Coburg and Saxe-Gotha in Germany, in the present states of Bavaria and Thuringia, which were in personal union between 1826 and 1918. ...

Emperor of Brazil

Emperor Pedro II in regalia, in the opening of the annual session of the Brazilian Imperial Parliament (General Assembly), 1873.
Emperor Pedro II in regalia, in the opening of the annual session of the Brazilian Imperial Parliament (General Assembly), 1873.

Pedro II reigned as Emperor of Brazil for 58 years, (under the slogan "União e Indústria" [Union and Industry]). The period saw the beginnings of industrialization, the first paved roads, the first steam-engine railway, a submarine telegraphy cable, and the introduction of the telephone. He traveled to the United States and attended the Philadelphia Exposition of 1876, where Alexander Graham Bell showed him his new telephone. Pedro II probably was the first Brazilian to use the invention. He recited Shakespeare's classic line from Hamlet, "To be or not to be" into it, and exclaimed, "This thing speaks!". Image File history File links Download high resolution version (499x672, 133 KB)The source url for this file is http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (499x672, 133 KB)The source url for this file is http://www. ... Opening day ceremonies at the Centennial Exhibition The Centennial International Exhibition of 1876, the first official worlds fair in the United States, was held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia. ... A portrait of Alexander Graham Bell in 1910s Alexander Graham Bell (3 March 1847 – 2 August 1922) was a scientist, inventor, and innovator. ... This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Shakespeare redirects here. ... Hamlet and Horatio in the cemetery by Eugène Delacroix For other uses, see Hamlet (disambiguation). ...


Liberal in outlook, Pedro II took steps to end slavery; the final abolition edict, the Golden Law, was signed in his absence by his daughter Princess Isabel, on May 13, 1888. Pedro II also took pains to learn Guarani, the most widely spoken indigenous language in nineteenth-century Brazil. He was widely respected by Brazilians of all social levels as an enlightened monarch who ruled in a principled, rational, moderate fashion. Historian Thomas Skidmore has compared Pedro II to Queen Victoria, another nineteenth-century monarch who was popular for similar reasons. Slave redirects here. ... The Lei Áurea (Golden Law), adopted on May 13, 1888, was the law that finally abolished slavery in Brazil. ... Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil (July 29, 1846—November 14, 1921), nicknamed the Redeemer, was heir to the throne of Brazil (with the title of Princess Imperial) during the last decades of the reign of her father Pedro II of Brazil, and sometime Regent. ... May 13 is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819–22 January 1901) was a Queen of the United Kingdom, reigning from 20 June 1837 until her death. ...


Though an enlightened monarch, Pedro II nonetheless retained extensive power over the Brazilian government. Under the Brazilian Constitution of 1824, the Emperor possessed Poder Moderador (Moderating Power), i.e. the power to temper the will of Brazil's representative government. In practice, this meant that Pedro II had the right to veto legislation, dissolve the lower house of the legislature (the only one that was elected), and call new elections at his pleasure. Pedro II generally respected the wishes of the electorate, but his favoritism towards the Conservative party in 1868 marred his reputation for evenhandedness. The unexpectedly long and costly Paraguayan War of 1865-1870 also diminished his popularity. War of the Triple Alliance also known as the Paraguayan War in 1864-1870, was the bloodiest conflict in Latin-American history, fought between Paraguay and the allied countries of Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


In the wake of the Paraguayan War, a war not started by Brazil, the monarchy was seen by some to be an obstacle to modernization and economic growth. Liberals called both for greater regional autonomy. The abolition of slavery caused much freedom in Brazil but irritated the wealthy elite. A military coup d'etat on November 15, 1889 overthrew the monarchy. He and his family went into exile in Portugal, and Brazil created a new federalist, republican government under the Brazilian Constitution of 1891. A coup détat, or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. ... November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Pedro II died on December 5, 1891 in Paris, France. His and his wife's remains were taken from Portugal to Brazil in 1922, and were reburied in Petrópolis, their former summer residence, in 1939. December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... Petrópolis, also known as The Imperial City of Brazil, is a town in the state of Rio de Janeiro, about 60 km from the states capital. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

The Imperial Mausoleum at Petrópolis Cathedral.
The Imperial Mausoleum at Petrópolis Cathedral.

Photographs by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Pedro II of Brazil File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Photographs by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Pedro II of Brazil File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Books

  • Barman, Roderick J. Citizen Emperor: Pedro II and the Making of Brazil, 1825–1891. 1999.
  • Brown, Rose. American Emperor: Dom Pedro II of Brazil. 1945.
  • da Costa, Emilia Viotti. The Brazilian Empire: Myths and Histories. 2000; 1985.
  • Harding, Bertita. Amazon Throne. London: Harrap, 1942.
  • Schwarcz, Lilia Moritz. The Emperor's Beard: Dom Pedro II and His Tropical Monarchy in Brazil. Trans. John Gledson. 2003.
  • Skidmore, Thomas. Brazil: Five Centuries of Change. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

See also

The Empire of Brazil is a political entity that comprised present-day Brazil under the rule of Emperors Pedro I and his son Pedro II. Founded in 1822, dissolved and replaced by a republic in 1889. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...

External links

Pedro II of Brazil
House of Braganza
Cadet branch of the House of Aviz
Born: December 2, 1825
Died: 5 December 1891
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Peter I

Emperor of Brazil

18311889
Republic established under
President Deodoro da Fonseca
Titles in pretence
New Title NOT REIGNING
Emperor of Brazil
1889–1891
Succeeded by
Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil


The Royal House of Braganza (Portuguese: Casa Real de Bragança, pron. ... The House of Aviz is a dynasty of kings of Portugal. ... December 2 is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil; Pedro IV of Portugal Pedro I of Brazil, known as Dom Pedro (October 12, 1798 - September 24, 1834), proclaimed Brazil independent from Portugal and became Brazils first Emperor. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Second_Empire_of_Brazil. ... The Brazilian monarchs were the rulers of Brazil from its discovery in 1500 until 1889. ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... // The Constitutionalist Revolution From 1889 to 1930, the government was a constitutional democracy, with the presidency alternating between the dominant states of São Paulo and Minas Gerais. ... See also: List of Brazilian monarchs This is a list of Presidents of Brazil. ... Deodoro da Fonseca (Manuel) Deodoro da Fonseca (August 5, 1827 - August 23, 1892) overthrew Emperor Pedro II to become the first president of a Republic of Brazil. ... This article is about pretender as applied to a monarchy. ... The Brazilian monarchs were the rulers of Brazil from its discovery in 1500 until 1889. ... Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil (July 29, 1846—November 14, 1921), nicknamed the Redeemer, was heir to the throne of Brazil (with the title of Princess Imperial) during the last decades of the reign of her father Pedro II of Brazil, and sometime Regent. ...

 
Imperial Family of Brazil

Forefathers - John VI of Portugal - Queen Carlota Joaquina Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Second_Empire_of_Brazil. ... In 1822 (7 September), Infante dom Pedro of Portugal, heir apparent to the Portuguese throne and kings representative in Brazil, was proclaimed Emperor of Brazil. ... John VI, King of Portugal (13 May 1767 – 26 March 1826) KG KGF (Portuguese João, pron. ... Carlota Joaquina Teresa of Spain (25 April or 25 May 1775 - 6 January or 7 January 1830) was the eldest daughter of King Carlos IV of Spain (1748-1819) and his wife Maria Luisa of Parma (1751-1819). ...


First generation - Pedro I - Empress Leopoldina - Princess Amélie of Leuchtenberg
Second Generation - Pedro II - Empress Teresa Cristina - Maria II da Glória - Princess Januária of Braganza - Princess Francisca of Braganza
Third generation - Princess Isabel the Redeemer - Gaston of Orleans, Count d'Eu Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil (pron. ... Maria Leopoldina Josepha Caroline of Habsburg, archduchess of Austria, Empress consort of Brazil, was born in 1797 in Vienna, Austria. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Princess Teresa Cristina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1822-1870) was the tenth child of king Francis II of the Two Sicilies (1777-1839) and his second wife, Princess Isabel of Bourbon, daughter of king Charles IV of Spain. ... Maria II, Queen of Portugal, (pron. ... Januária Maria of Bragança (pron. ... Francisca Carolina of Bragança (pron. ... Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil (July 29, 1846—November 14, 1921), nicknamed the Redeemer, was heir to the throne of Brazil (with the title of Princess Imperial) during the last decades of the reign of her father Pedro II of Brazil, and sometime Regent. ... ...

The Vassouras Branch (dynastic)

Fourth generation - Prince Luiz of Orleans-Braganza - Princess Maria Pia
Fifth generation - Prince Pedro Henrique of Orleans-Braganza - Princess Maria Elisabeth
Sixth generation - Prince Luiz of Orleans-Braganza - Prince Bertrand of Orleans-Braganza - Prince Antonio of Orleans-Braganza - Christine, Princess de Ligne
Seventh generation - Prince Pedro Luís of Orleans-Braganza - Prince Rafael of Orleans-Braganza - Princess Amélia of Orleans-Braganza Prince Pedro Henriqe of Orleans-Bragança (1909-1981), was the great-grandson of the last emperor of Brazil, Pedro II of Brazil and grandson of Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil, and he successed her as the titular emperor of Brazil in 1921. ... Prince Luiz of Orleans-Bragança. ... Bertrand of Orleans-Braganza (born February 2, 1941) in Mandelieu, France, with baptism name of Bertrand Maria José Pio Januário Miguel Gabriel Raphael Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança , is a member of Imperial House, being the third son of Prince Pedro Henrique of Orleans-Braganza and Princess Maria... Antonio of Orleans-Braganza (born June 24, 1950 in Rio de Janeiro), with the baptism name of Dom Antonio João Maria José Jorge Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança e Wittelsbach, is a member of Imperial House of Brazil, being the third (according monarchists claims) in... Prince Antonio of Orleans-Braganza: current Prince of Grão-Pará of the Brazilian Imperial Family. ... Pedro Luis Maria José Miguel Rafael Gabriel Gonzaga de Orléans-Bragança e Wittelsbach, Prince of Brazil, Prince of Orléans-Braganza was born on 12 January 1983 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ...

The Petrópolis Branch (non-dynastic)

Fourth generation - Prince Pedro de Alcantara of Orléans-Braganza - Countess Elisabeth Dobrzensky
Fifth generation - Prince Pedro Gastão of Orleans-Braganza - Princess Isabel of Orleans-Braganza - Princess Francisca of Orleans-Braganza - Prince João of Orleans-Braganza
Sixth generation - Prince Pedro Carlos of Orleans-Braganza - Princess Maria da Gloria of Orléans-Braganza - Princess Cristina of Orleans-Braganza - Prince Jan Sapieha-Rozánski
Seventh generation - Prince Pedro Thiago of Orleans-Braganza - Princess Paula Maria Sapieha - Princess Ana Tereza Sapieha Pedro de Alcantara Luís Filipe Maria Gastão Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga of Orléans-Braganza, Prince of Grao Para (15 October 1875 - 29 January 1940) was the first born son of Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil and her husband Gaston, comte dEu. ... Pedro Gastao, titularly 6th Prince of Grao Para, born 1913, is head of the so-called Petropolis branch of the Brazilian Imperial House and a claimant to that throne. ... Princess Isabelle of Orleans-Braganza became by marriage duchess of Orléans, of Valois, of Chartres, of Guise, of Enghien, of Vendome, of Penthievre, of Aumale, of Nemours and of Montpensier, dauphine of Auvergne, princess of Joinville, princess of Condé, etc. ... Princess Maria da Gloria Henriqueta Dolores of Orléans-Braganza (b. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Pedro II of Brazil - Biocrawler (523 words)
The aim of the war in Portugal was to restore the throne of Portugal to Maria II, older sister of Pedro.
As a result of caring for his children's interests, in 1834, the warrior father Pedro I had a daugher of 15 on the throne of Portugal and a son of 9 Pedro II who was emperor-to-be of Brazil.
Dom Pedro II was married September 4, 1843 to Princess Teresa of the Two Sicilies (b.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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