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Encyclopedia > Pedro I of Brazil
Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil; Pedro IV of Portugal
Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil; Pedro IV of Portugal
Portuguese Royalty
House of Braganza

John IV
Children include
   Teodósio, Prince of Brazil
   Joana, Princess of Beira
   Infanta Catarina, Queen of England
   Afonso, Prince of Brazil (future Afonso VI)
   Infante Pedro, Duke of Beja (future Peter II)
Afonso VI
Peter II
Children include
   Isabel Luísa, Princess of Beira
   João, Prince of Brazil (future John V)
   Infante Francisco, Duke of Beja
   Infante António
   Infante Manuel, Count of Ourém
   Infanta Francisca Josefa
   Luísa, Duchess of Cadaval (natural daughter)
   José, Archbishop of Braga (natural son)
John V
Children include
   Infanta Maria Bárbara, Queen of Spain
   José, Prince of Brazil (future Joseph I)
   Pedro, Prince of Brazil (future Peter III)
Joseph I
Children include
   Maria Francisca, Princess of Beira (future Maria I)
   Infanta Maria Ana Francisca Josefa
   Infanta Maria Francisca Doroteia
    Benedita, Dowager Princess of Brazil
Maria I and Peter III
Children include
   José, Prince of Brazil
   João, Prince of Brazil (future John VI)
   Infanta Mariana
John VI
Children include
   Maria Teresa, Princess of Beira
   Infanta Maria Isabel, Queen of Spain
   Infante Pedro, Prince of Brazil (future Pedro IV (I of Brazil)
   Infanta Maria Francisca, Countess of Molina
   Infanta Isabel Maria
   Infante Miguel, Duke of Braganza (future Miguel I)
   Infanta Maria da Assunção
   Infanta Ana de Jesus Maria, Duchess of Loulé
Pedro IV (I of Brazil)
Children include
   Infanta Maria da Glória, Duchess of Porto (future Maria II)
   Januária, Princess Imperial of Brazil
   Princess Francisca, Princess de Joinville
   Prince Peter (Pedro II of Brazil)
Michael I
Children include
   Infanta Maria das Neves, Duchess of San Jaime
   Miguel II, Duke of Braganza
   Infanta Teresa, Archduchess of Austria
   Infanta Maria Josefa, Duchess in Bavaria
   Infanta Adelgundes, Duchess of Guimarães, Countess di Bardi
   Infanta Maria Ana, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
   Infanta Maria Antónia, Duchess of Parma
Grandchildren include
   Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza
Great-Grandchildren include
   Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza
Maria II and Ferdinand II
Children include
   Pedro, Prince Royal of Portugal, Duke of Braganza (future Pedro V)
   Infante Luís, Duke of Porto (future Luís I)
   Infante João, Duke of Beja
   Infanta Maria Ana
   Infanta Antónia, Princess of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
   Infante Augusto, Duke of Coimbra
Grandchildren include
   Carlos, Prince Royal of Portugal, Duke of Braganza (future Carlos I)
Great-grandchildren include
   Luís Filipe, Prince Royal of Portugal, Duke of Braganza
   Infante Manuel, Duke of Beja (future Manuel II)

Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil (pron. IPA /'pedɾu/ in Brazilian Portuguese and /'peðɾu/ in European Portuguese; English: Peter), known as "Dom Pedro Primeiro" (October 12, 1798September 24, 1834), proclaimed Brazil independent from Portugal and became Brazil's first Emperor. He also held the Portuguese throne briefly as Pedro IV of Portugal, the Soldier-King (Port. o Rei-Soldado), 28th (or 29th according to some historians) king of Portugal and Algarves. Pic of emperor Peter I of Brazil. ... Pic of emperor Peter I of Brazil. ... The House of Bragança (Portuguese: Casa de Bragança, pron. ... Image File history File links Casa_de_Bragança. ... John IV of Portugal (Portuguese: João IV de Portugal pron. ... Teodósio of Braganza or Teodósio of Portugal was a Portuguese Prince son of John IV of Portugal (first king of the House of Braganza) and his wife Luiza de Guzman (Luísa de Gusmão). ... Joan of Portugal or Joan of Braganza, Princess of Beira (1635-53, Portuguese: Joana, pron. ... Catherine of Braganza (November 25, 1638 – November 30, 1705) (Catherine Henrietta, Portuguese: Catarina Henriqueta de Bragança), was the queen consort of King Charles II of England. ... Afonso VI (English Alphonzo or Alphonse), or Affonso (Old Portuguese), (August 12, 1643 - September 12, 1683) was the twenty-second (or twenty-third according to some historians) King of Portugal, the second of the House of Braganza, known as the Victorious (Port. ... Peter II (Portuguese Pedro, pron. ... Afonso VI (English Alphonzo or Alphonse), or Affonso (Old Portuguese), (August 12, 1643 - September 12, 1683) was the twenty-second (or twenty-third according to some historians) King of Portugal, the second of the House of Braganza, known as the Victorious (Port. ... Peter II (Portuguese Pedro, pron. ... Isabel Luísa Josefa (pron. ... John V (Portuguese João pron. ... Francis of Braganza or Francis of Portugal (Portuguese: Francisco, pron. ... Anthony of Portugal or Anthony of Braganza (Portuguese: António, pron. ... Manuel of Braganza or Manuel of Portugal (pron. ... Francisca Josefa of Braganza (pron. ... Luísa of Portugal, Duchess of Cadaval (English: Louise; Lisbon, January 9, 1679-Évora, December 23, 1732) was a natural daughter of Portuguese King Peter II and a Portuguese lady named Maria da Cruz Mascarenhas. ... José of Braganza, Archbishop of Braga (English: Joseph; Lisbon, May 6, 1703-Ponte de Lima, June 3, 1756) was a natural son of Portuguese King Peter II and a Portuguese lady named Francisca Clara da Silva. ... John V (Portuguese João pron. ... Barbara of Braganza (pron. ... Joseph I (Portuguese José, pron. ... Peter III of Portugal (Portuguese Pedro) (July 5, 1717 - May 25, 1786) became King Consort of Portugal on the succession of his wife and niece queen Maria I in 1777, and ruled with her until his death. ... Joseph I (Portuguese José, pron. ... Maria I, Queen of Portugal (pron. ... Mariana Francisca Josefa of Braganza (pron. ... Maria Francisca Doroteia of Braganza (pron. ... Maria Francisca Benedita of Braganza (pron. ... Maria I, Queen of Portugal (pron. ... Peter III of Portugal (Portuguese Pedro) (July 5, 1717 - May 25, 1786) became King Consort of Portugal on the succession of his wife and niece queen Maria I in 1777, and ruled with her until his death. ... Joseph of Braganza (full name: José Francisco Xavier de Paula Domingos António Agostinho Anastácio de Bragança, pron. ... John VI, King of Portugal KG KGF (Portuguese João, pron. ... Mariana Vitória Josefa or Maria Ana Vitória Josefa (pron. ... John VI, King of Portugal KG KGF (Portuguese João, pron. ... Princesa dona Maria Teresa of Braganza (pron. ... Maria Isabel of Braganza (pron. ... Maria Francisca de Assis of Braganza (pron. ... Isabel Maria of Braganza and Borbón (pron. ... Miguel I, King of Portugal/pron. ... Maria da Assunção of Braganza (pron. ... Ana de Jesus Maria of Braganza (pron. ... Maria II da Glória, (pron. ... Januária Maria of Bragança (pron. ... Francisca Carolina of Bragança (pron. ... Emperor Pedro II in regalia, in the opening of the annual session of the Brazilian Imperial Parliament (General Assembly), 1873. ... Miguel I, King of Portugal/pron. ... Miguel II of Bragança (pron. ... Grand Duchess Marie Anne, Maria Anna, Maria Ana de Braganca, of Portugal (Schloss Bronnbach 13 July 1861 - New York 31 July 1942) was Grand Duchess consort of Luxembourg and its Regent. ... Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza (September 23, 1907-December 24, 1976), IPA pron. ... Duarte, Duke of Braganza (born May 15, 1945, Berne), pron. ... Maria II da Glória, (pron. ... Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (October 29, 1816 - December 15, 1885) was consort king of Portugal and Algarves following his marriage to Queen Maria II in 1836. ... Pedro V, King of Portugal KG (pron. ... Luis I, King of Portugal (October 31, 1838 – October 19, 1889) was the second son of Maria II da Glória and Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... John of Braganza (Portuguese: João, pron. ... Maria Ana of Braganza, dona Maria Ana Fernanda Leopoldina Micaela Rafaela Gabriela Carlota Antónia Júlia Vitória Praxedes Francisca de Assis Gonzaga, pron. ... Antónia of Braganza (Lisbon, February 17, 1845-Sigmaringen, December 27, 1913), pron. ... Augustus of Braganza (Portuguese: Augusto, pron. ... Carlos I, King of Portugal KG RVC (pron. ... Luís Filipe of the house of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (in English Louis Philip) was born in Lisbon, on March 21, 1887. ... King Manuel II (r: 1908–1910) Manuel II (English: Emanuel II), the Patriot Port. ... Look up pronunciation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words see here. ... Brazilian Portuguese is a collective name for the varieties of Portuguese written and spoken by virtually all the 187 million inhabitants of Brazil and by a couple million Brazilian immigrants and temporary workers in other countries, mainly in Canada, United States, Portugal, Paraguay and Japan. ... European Portuguese (EP) is the form of the Portuguese language used in Portugal. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Don (usually preceded in English by the), derived from Latin Dominus, is a Spanish (pron. ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... September 24 is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Motto: (Portuguese for Independence or Death!) Capital Rio de Janeiro Language(s) Portugese Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1822-1831 Pedro I  - 1831-1840 Regency  - 1840-1889 Pedro II Prime Minister  - 1889 Viscount of Ouro Preto History  - Established October 12, 1822  - Monarchy abolished November 15, 1889 The Empire of Brazil was... This is a List of Portuguese monarchs from the independence of Portugal from Castile in 1139, to the beginning of the Republic in October 5, 1910. ... Portuguese ( , also língua portuguesa) is a Romance language that originated in what is today Galicia (Spain) and northern Portugal. ... Algarve NUTS II region, and the district of Faro in Portugal Vilamouras marina The Algarve (pron. ...

Contents

Early years

House of Capet
Cadets
Senior House
Valois
Bourbon
Burgundy
Portugal
Aviz
Braganza

Pedro I was born October 12, 1798, at Queluz Palace, near Lisbon. His father was the prince regent at the time and would later become King John VI of Portugal (João VI); his mother was Charlotte of Spain, daughter of Charles IV of Spain. Under the full name Pedro de Alcântara Francisco António João Carlos Xavier de Paula Miguel Rafael Joaquim José Gonzaga Pascoal Cipriano Serafim de Bragança e Bourbon, he was the second son born to the royal couple. When his elder brother the Infante Antonio Francisco died in 1801, Pedro was created Prince of Beira as he was the heir-apparent of the then-Prince of Brazil, his father. The House of Capet includes any of the direct descendants of Robert the Strong. ... The direct Capetian Dynasty followed the Carolingian rulers of France from 987 to 1328. ... Main articles: France in the Middle Ages and Early Modern France The Valois Dynasty succeeded the Capetian Dynasty as rulers of France from 1328-1589. ... This article or section should include material from France: Wars of Religion - Bourbon Dynasty The House of Bourbon dates from at least the beginning of the 13th century, when the estate of Bourbon was ruled by a Lord, vassal of France. ... The following is a list of the Dukes of Burgundy Richard of Autun, the Justicier (880–921) Rudolph of Burgundy (king of France from 923) (921–923) Hugh the Black (923–952) Gilbert of Chalon (952–956) Odo of Paris (956-965) Otto-Henry the Great... The House of Aviz is a dynasty of kings of Portugal. ... Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Braganza The title Duke of Braganza in the House of Braganza is one of the most important titles in the peerage of Portugal, as the ancient Duchy of Braganza (Bragança), is one of the oldest and most important dukedoms in Portugal. ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... There are parishes that have the name Queluz: In Brazil: Queluz, São Paulo In Portugal: Queluz, a parish in the district of Sintra This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Lisbon (Portuguese: Lisboa, IPA: ) is the capital and largest city of Portugal. ... John VI, King of Portugal KG KGF (Portuguese João, pron. ... Carlota Joaquina Teresa of Spain (25 April or 25 May 1775 - 6 January or 7 January 1830) was the eldest daughter of King Carlos IV of Spain (1748-1819) and his wife Maria Luisa of Parma (1751-1819). ... Charles IV (November 11, 1748 - January 20, 1819) was King of Spain from December 14, 1788 until his abdication on March 19, 1808. ... In the Spanish and former Portuguese monarchies, Infante (masc. ... Prince of Beira is a title in Portugal, normally given to the heirs to the throne. ... For other uses, see Heir Apparent (novel). ... Prince of Brazil (Portuguese: Principe do Brasil) was a title used in kingdom of Portugal, normally conferred on the heir of the royal house. ...


In 1807, when Pedro was nine, the royal family left Portugal as an invading French army approached Lisbon. (See Napoleonic Wars.) Arriving in Brazil with a British escort in early 1808, the family would remain in the country for 13 years. Their presence made Rio de Janeiro the de facto capital of the Portuguese Empire, and led to Brazil's elevation to the status of a kingdom co-equal with Portugal. Upon the death in 1816 of his paternal grandmother, Queen Maria I, Pedro became the heir to both kingdoms and received the titles Prince of Brazil and 18th Duke of Braganza. He married the Austrian Archduchess Maria Leopoldina in Rio on November 5, 1817. Combatants Allies: Austria[1] Portugal Prussia[1] Russia[2] Spain[3] Sweden United Kingdom[4] French Empire Holland Kingdom of Italy Kingdom of Naples Duchy of Warsaw Bavaria[5] Saxony[6] Denmark [7] Commanders Archduke Charles Prince Schwarzenberg Karl Mack von Leiberich Gebhard von Blücher Duke of Brunswick Prince... Location of Rio de Janeiro Coordinates: Country Brazil Region Southeast State Rio de Janeiro Mayor Cesar Maia (PFL) Area    - City 1,260 km² Population (2005)  - City 5,613,000 [1]  - Density 4,781/km²  - Metro 11,620,000 [2] Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3) Website: www. ... Maria I, Queen of Portugal (pron. ... Prince of Brazil (Portuguese: Principe do Brasil) was a title used in kingdom of Portugal, normally conferred on the heir of the royal house. ... Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Braganza The title Duke of Braganza in the House of Braganza is one of the most important titles in the peerage of Portugal, as the ancient Duchy of Braganza (Bragança), is one of the oldest and most important dukedoms in Portugal. ... Maria Leopoldina Josepha Caroline of Habsburg, archduchess of Austria, Empress consort of Brazil, was born in 1797 in Vienna, Austria. ... November 5 is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 56 days remaining. ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Brazilian independence

When King João VI finally returned to Portugal, in the early 1820s, most of the privileges that had been accorded to Brazil were rescinded, sparking the ire of local nationalists. Pedro, who had remained in the country as regent, sided with the nationalist element and even supported the Portuguese Constitutionalist movement that led to the revolt in Oporto in 1820. When pressed by the Portuguese court to return, he refused. For that, he was demoted from regent to a mere representative of the Lisbon court in Brazil. This news reached him on September 7, 1822, when he had just arrived in São Paulo, from a visit to the port of Santos. On the banks of the Ipiranga River, he unsheathed his sword, and declared "Independence or death!" He was proclaimed Emperor of Brazil on October 12 and crowned on December 1. A modern view of the ancient city of Porto, the city that gave the name to the country. ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Landmark buildings Edifício Italia (at left) and Copan (curved façade at center), in São Paulo Downtown. ... for the Australian oil company, see Santos Limited; for the football team, see FC Santos. ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Troubled reign

The early years of Brazilian independence were very difficult ones. Dom Pedro I assumed the title of Emperor instead of King, both to underline the diversity of the Brazilian provinces and to emulate Napoleon, who linked the idea of Empire — as opposed to that of Kingdom — to the French Revolution and modernity. Nevertheless, Dom Pedro I had to navigate between the relatively cosmopolitan society of Rio de Janeiro and the more conservative and patriarchal rest of the country. He soon appeared to forget his liberal ideals by enacting a Constitution (proclaimed on February 24, 1824) that gave him substantial power, although this was seen as necessary to keep control of the interior, particularly in the yet-feudal North. Many provinces, particularly in the North, favored continued association with Portugal. Republican sentiment soared, and in 1825, during a war with Argentina, the Cisplatine province seceded to become Uruguay. Furthermore, Pedro had a number of illicit affairs, which cost him some popularity. An emperor is a (male) monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm. ... Look up monarch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... What exactly constitutes an Empire (from the Latin imperium, denoting military command within the ancient Roman government) is a topic of intense debate within the scholarly community. ... Places where monarchies maintain rule appear in blue. ... February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Motto: (Spanish) Liberty or Death Anthem: Capital Michigan Largest city Montevideo Official languages Spanish Government Republic  - President Tabaré Vázquez  - Vice President Rodolfo Nin Novoa Independence from Brazil   - Declared August 25, 1825   - Recognised August 28, 1828  Area  - Total 176,215 km² (90th) 68,038 sq mi   - Water (%) 1. ...


On the death of his father, Pedro chose to inherit his title as King of Portugal (Pedro IV) on March 10, 1826, ignoring the restrictions of his own Constitution. He promulgated the Portuguese liberal constitution of April 26, but was forced to abdicate on May 28 from the Portuguese crown in favor of his daughter Maria II. Since she was then only 7 years old, he nominated his brother Dom Miguel as steward, on the promise that he would marry her. Meanwhile, his apparent indecision between Brazil and Portugal further damaged his waning popularity. March 10 is the 69th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (70th in leap years). ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (117th in leap years). ... Abdication (from the Latin abdicatio disowning, renouncing, from ab, from, and dicare, to declare, to proclaim as not belonging to one), the act whereby a person in office renounces and gives up the same before the expiry of the time for which it is held. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... Maria II, Queen of Portugal (April 4, 1819 - November 15, 1853). ... Miguel I, King of Portugal/pron. ...

Picture of D. Pedro I of Brazil and IV of Portugal.
Picture of D. Pedro I of Brazil and IV of Portugal.

On October 17, 1829 he married his second wife, Princess Amélie de Beauharnais von Leuchtenberg in Rio de Janeiro. Amélie was the daughter of Eugène de Beauharnais, and the granddaughter of the Empress Josephine. She was also the sister of Charles Auguste Eugène Napoléon de Beauharnais, who married his (Pedro's) daughter Maria II. Image File history File links Dpedro1. ... Image File history File links Dpedro1. ... October 17 is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Eugène Rose de Beauharnais (September 3, 1781 - February 21, 1824) was the first child and only son of Joséphine de Tascher de la Pagerie and Alexandre, Vicomte de Beauharnais. ... Joséphine de Beauharnais, Empress Joséphine Joséphine de Beauharnais (June 23, 1763 - May 29, 1814) was the first wife of Napoléon Bonaparte, and became Empress of France. ...


Return to Portugal

In the aftermath of a political crisis that followed the dismissal of his ministers, and amid a growing economic crisis, Pedro abdicated his throne in Brazil in favor of his son Pedro II on April 7, 1831, who was only 5 at the time. Pedro reasserted his use of his old title, 18th Duke of Braganza. He then returned to Portugal to fight against his brother King Miguel, who meanwhile had usurped the Portuguese crown (the War of the Two Brothers). In 1834 he overthrew the usurper and restored his daughter Maria II to her kingdom. Dom Pedro IIs family Dom Pedro II and President Ulysses S. Grant, Philadelphia Exposition, 1876 Dom Pedro II in his old age Dom Pedro II of Brazil Dom Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil was the second and final Brazilian Emperor. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Pedro IV of Portugal, I of Brazil Miguel I of Portugal The Liberal Wars, also known as the Portuguese Civil War, the War of the Two Brothers, or Miguelite War, was a war between progressive constitutionalists and authoritarian absolutists in Portugal over royal succession that lasted from 1828 to 1834. ...


He died in Queluz, the palace of his birth, at the age of 36 of tuberculosis. In 1972, his remains were returned to Brazil and reinterred in the present Ipiranga Museum. There are parishes that have the name Queluz: In Brazil: Queluz, São Paulo In Portugal: Queluz, a parish in the district of Sintra This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for Tubercle Bacillus) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by the mycobacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis or Mycobacterium_bovis, which most commonly affects the lungs (pulmonary TB) but can also affect the central nervous system, lymphatic system, circulatory system, genitourinary system, bones and joints. ...


Ancestors

John V of Portugal
 
Mary Anne of Austria
 
Joseph I of Portugal
 
Mariana Victoria of Spain
 
Charles III of Spain
 
Maria Amalia of Saxony
 
Philip, Duke of Parma
 
Louise-Elisabeth of France
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Peter III of Portugal
 
 
 
 
 
Maria I of Portugal
 
 
 
 
 
Charles IV of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
Maria Luisa of Parma
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John VI of Portugal
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charlotte of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pedro I of Brazil
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

John V (Portuguese João pron. ... Mary Anne of Austria (September 7, 1683 ,Linz - August 14, 1754, Lissabon) Archduchess of Austria and Queen consort of Portugal. ... Joseph I (Portuguese José, pron. ... Marianne Victoria of Bourbon (March 31, 1718 – January 15, 1781) (in Portuguese Mariana Vitória, in Spanish Mariana Victoria) was the eldest daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elizabeth Farnese. ... Charles III of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Maria Amalia of Saxony. ... Philip of Bourbon, Duke of Parma (March 15, 1720 - July 18, 1765) was duke of Parma from 1748 to 1765. ... Louise-Elisabeth de Bourbon (August 14, 1727- December 6, 1759) was also known as Madame Infanta and the Duchess of Parma. ... Peter III of Portugal (Portuguese Pedro) (July 5, 1717 - May 25, 1786) became King Consort of Portugal on the succession of his wife and niece queen Maria I in 1777, and ruled with her until his death. ... Maria I, Queen of Portugal (pron. ... Charles IV (November 11, 1748 - January 20, 1819) was King of Spain from December 14, 1788 until his abdication on March 19, 1808. ... Maria Louise of Parma (December 9, 1751-January 2, 1819) was queen of Spain and consort of King Charles IV of Spain. ... John VI, King of Portugal KG KGF (Portuguese João, pron. ... Carlota Joaquina Teresa of Spain (25 April or 25 May 1775 - 6 January or 7 January 1830) was the eldest daughter of King Carlos IV of Spain (1748-1819) and his wife Maria Luisa of Parma (1751-1819). ...

Children

By his first wife, Maria Leopoldina, Empress of Brazil (22 January 179711 December 1826): Maria Leopoldina Josepha Caroline of Habsburg, archduchess of Austria, Empress consort of Brazil, was born in 1797 in Vienna, Austria. ... January 22 is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1797 (MDCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... December 11 is the 345th day (346th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

By his second wife, Amélie de Beauharnais von Leuchtenberg (31 July 181226 January 1873): Maria II da Glória, (pron. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... 1819 common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 46 days remaining. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (117th in leap years). ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... March 6 is the 65th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (66th in Leap years). ... The coronation banquet for George IV 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Januária Maria of Bragança (pron. ... March 11 is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (71st in Leap year). ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Francis I (Francesco Gennaro Giuseppe, August 14, 1777 – November 8, 1830) was King of the Two Sicilies from 1825 to 1830. ... February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1833 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Francisca Carolina of Bragança (pron. ... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in leap years). ... 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... François-Ferdinand-Philippe-Louis-Marie dOrléans, prince de Joinville (14 August 1818 - 16 June 1900) was the third son of Louis Philippe, duc dOrléans, afterwards king of the French and his wife Marie Amalie of Bourbon-Sicilies. ... Louis-Philippe, King of the French (October 6, 1773 – August 26, 1850) reigned as the Orléanist king of the French from 1830 to 1848. ... Emperor Pedro II in regalia, in the opening of the annual session of the Brazilian Imperial Parliament (General Assembly), 1873. ... December 2 is the 336th day (337th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... July 31 is the 212th day (213th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 153 days remaining. ... For the overture by Tchaikovsky, see 1812 Overture; For the wars, see War of 1812 (USA - United Kingdom) or Patriotic War of 1812 (France - Russia) For the Siberia Airlines plane crashed over the Black Sea on October 4, 2001, see Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 1812 was a leap year starting... January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...

He had also nine illegitimate children, including five with his best-known lover Domitila, Marchioness of Santos, one with her sister, and one with a nun in Portugal. December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Nun in cloister, 1930; photograph by Doris Ulmann A nun is a woman who has taken special vows committing her to a religious life. ...


External links

  • Dom Pedro: The struggle for Liberty in Brazil and Portugal, 1798–1834 Review of his biography by Neil Macauly.

See also

House of Braganza
Cadet Branch of the Houses of Capet, Burgundy and Aviz
Born: 12 October 1798; Died: 24 Deptember 1834
New Title
Independence
from Portugal
Emperors of Brazil
1822–1831
Succeeded by
Peter II
Preceded by
John VI
Kings of Portugal
1826
Succeeded by
Maria II


The Empire of Brazil is a political entity that comprised present-day Brazil under the rule of Emperors Pedro I and his son Pedro II. Founded in 1822, dissolved and replaced by a republic in 1889. ... São Paulo, Brazils largest city and fourth largest in the world, is an example of income inequality. ... The History of Portugal is that of an ancient European nation, whose present origins go back to the Early Middle Ages, that ascended to a great world power in the Age of Discoveries with its vast Empire. ... The House of Bragança (Portuguese: Casa de Bragança, pron. ... The House of Capet includes any of the direct descendants of Robert the Strong. ... The House of Burgundy (or Afonsine House) was the first dynasty of Kings of Portugal. ... The House of Aviz is a dynasty of kings of Portugal. ... The Brazilian monarchs were the rulers of Brazil from its discovery in 1500 until 1889. ... Dom Pedro IIs family Dom Pedro II and President Ulysses S. Grant, Philadelphia Exposition, 1876 Dom Pedro II in his old age Dom Pedro II of Brazil Dom Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil was the second and final Brazilian Emperor. ... John VI, King of Portugal KG KGF (Portuguese João, pron. ... History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... Maria II da Glória, (pron. ...

 
Imperial Family of Brazil

Forefathers - John VI of Portugal - Queen Carlota Joaquina Image File history File links Flag_of_Empire_of_Brazil. ... In 1822 (7 September), Infante dom Pedro of Portugal, heir apparent to the Portuguese throne and kings representative in Brazil, was proclaimed Emperor of Brazil. ... John VI, King of Portugal KG KGF (Portuguese João, pron. ... Carlota Joaquina Teresa of Spain (25 April or 25 May 1775 - 6 January or 7 January 1830) was the eldest daughter of King Carlos IV of Spain (1748-1819) and his wife Maria Luisa of Parma (1751-1819). ...


First generation - Pedro I - Empress Leopoldina - Princess Amélie of Leuchtenberg
Second Generation - Pedro II - Empress Teresa Cristina - Maria II da Glória - Princess Januária of Braganza - Princess Francisca of Braganza
Third generation - Princess Isabel the Redeemer - Gaston of Orleans, Count d'Eu Maria Leopoldina Josepha Caroline of Habsburg, archduchess of Austria, Empress consort of Brazil, was born in 1797 in Vienna, Austria. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Emperor Pedro II in regalia, in the opening of the annual session of the Brazilian Imperial Parliament (General Assembly), 1873. ... Princess Teresa Cristina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1822-1870) was the tenth child of king Francis II of the Two Sicilies (1777-1839) and his second wife, Princess Isabel of Bourbon, daughter of king Charles IV of Spain. ... Maria II da Glória, (pron. ... Januária Maria of Bragança (pron. ... Francisca Carolina of Bragança (pron. ... Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil (July 29, 1846—November 14, 1921), nicknamed the Redeemer, was heir to the throne of Brazil (with the title of Princess Imperial) during the last decades of the reign of her father Pedro II of Brazil, and sometime Regent. ... ...

The Vassouras Branch (dynastic)

Fourth generation - Prince Luiz of Orleans-Braganza - Princess Maria Pia
Fifth generation - Prince Pedro Henrique of Orleans-Braganza - Princess Maria Elisabeth
Sixth generation - Prince Luiz of Orleans-Braganza - Prince Bertrand of Orleans-Braganza - Prince Antonio of Orleans-Braganza - Christine, Princess de Ligne
Seventh generation - Prince Pedro Luís of Orleans-Braganza - Prince Rafael of Orleans-Braganza - Princess Amélia of Orleans-Braganza Prince Pedro Henriqe of Orleans-Bragança (1909-1981), was the great-grandson of the last emperor of Brazil, Pedro II of Brazil and grandson of Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil, and he successed her as the titular emperor of Brazil in 1921. ... Prince Luiz of Orleans-Bragança. ... Bertrand of Orleans-Braganza (born February 2, 1941) in Mandelieu, France, with baptism name of Bertrand Maria José Pio Januário Miguel Gabriel Raphael Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança , is a member of Imperial House, being the third son of Prince Pedro Henrique of Orleans-Braganza and Princess Maria... Antonio of Orleans-Braganza (born June 24, 1950 in Rio de Janeiro), with the baptism name of Dom Antonio João Maria José Jorge Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança e Wittelsbach, is a member of Imperial House of Brazil, being the third (according monarchists claims) in... Prince Antonio of Orleans-Braganza: current Prince of Grão-Pará of the Brazilian Imperial Family. ... Pedro Luis Maria José Miguel Rafael Gabriel Gonzaga de Orléans-Bragança e Wittelsbach, Prince of Brazil, Prince of Orléans-Braganza was born on 12 January 1983 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ...

The Petrópolis Branch (non-dynastic)

Fourth generation - Prince Pedro de Alcantara of Orléans-Braganza - Countess Elisabeth Dobrzensky
Fifth generation - Prince Pedro Gastão of Orleans-Braganza - Princess Isabel of Orleans-Braganza - Princess Francisca of Orleans-Braganza - Prince João of Orleans-Braganza
Sixth generation - Prince Pedro Carlos of Orleans-Braganza - Princess Maria da Gloria of Orléans-Braganza - Princess Cristina of Orleans-Braganza - Prince Jan Sapieha-Rozánski
Seventh generation - Prince Pedro Thiago of Orleans-Braganza - Princess Paula Maria Sapieha - Princess Ana Tereza Sapieha Pedro de Alcantara Luís Filipe Maria Gastão Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga of Orléans-Braganza, Prince of Grao Para (15 October 1875 - 29 January 1940) was the first born son of Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil and her husband Gaston, comte dEu. ... Pedro Gastao, titularly 6th Prince of Grao Para, born 1913, is head of the so-called Petropolis branch of the Brazilian Imperial House and a claimant to that throne. ... Princess Isabelle of Orleans-Braganza became by marriage duchess of Orléans, of Valois, of Chartres, of Guise, of Enghien, of Vendome, of Penthievre, of Aumale, of Nemours and of Montpensier, dauphine of Auvergne, princess of Joinville, princess of Condé, etc. ... Princess Maria da Gloria of Orléans-Braganza (1946- ) is the former wife of Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia and is now the Duchess of Segorbe. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Pedro I of Brazil - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1140 words)
Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil; Pedro IV of Portugal
Pedro I was born in the Queluz Palace, near Lisbon.
Pedro, who had remained in the country as regent, sided with the nationalist element and even supported the Portuguese Constitutionalist movement that led to the revolt in Oporto, 1820.
A BRIEF HISTORY OF BRAZIL (2219 words)
Pedro II (1825 - 1891), second and last emperor of Brazil was a reformist best remembered for overseeing the abolition of slavery in Brazil, in 1887, and for bringing millions of Italian, German and Polish immigrants to the south of Brazil.
Pedro II, was far more successful as a scholar and scientist than he was as a ruler; his reign was marred by a number of internal revolts and conflicts with neighboring countries.
Pedro, by all accounts a decent, kindly gentleman, was poorly treated by the new government and spent the last two years of his life in exile.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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