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Encyclopedia > Pedro Fages

Don Pedro Fages Beleta (Catalan: Pere Fages i Beleta) was born in Guissona (Lleida, Catalonia, Spain) in 1734 and died in Mexico City in 1794. Nicknamed El Oso, was a Catalan soldier, explorer, and the second Spanish military Governor of New California (California Nueva, later Alta California) from 17701774, and Governor of the Californias from 17821791. D. (usually preceded in English by the) is the abbreviation for the Spanish and the Portuguese honorific Don, a mark of high esteem for a distinguished Christian hidalgo or nobleman. ... Catalan (Català) or Valencian (Valencià) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra and co-official in several regions of Spain. ... Lleida province Lleida is a province of eastern Spain, in the western part of the autonomous community of Catalonia. ... Capital Barcelona Official languages Spanish and Catalan In Val dAran, also Aranese. ... Events January 8 - Premiere of George Frideric Handels opera Ariodante at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. ... Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the name of a megacity located in the Valley of Mexico (Valle de México), a large valley in the high plateaus (altiplano) at the center of Mexico, about 2,240 metres (7,349 feet) above sea-level, surrounded on most sides... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... A soldier is a person who has enlisted with, or has been conscripted into, the armed forces of a sovereign country and has undergone training and received equipment (such as a uniform and weapon) to defend that country or its interests. ... A governor is also a device that regulates the speed of a machine. ... Alta California (Upper California) was formed in 1804 when the province of California, then a part of the Spanish colony of New Spain, was divided in two along the line separating the Franciscan missions in the north from the Dominican missions in the south. ... 1770 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1774 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1782 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1791 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


In 1767, lieutenant Fages left Spain with the Catalan Volunteers for New Spain, to serve under Domingo Elizondo in Sonora. In 1769, Fages was selected by Viceroy José de Gálvez to lead the shipborn portion of the Gaspar de Portolà led expedition to found San Diego, California. Fages sailed from La Paz on January 10, 1769, aboard the San Carlos, and arrived at San Diego Bay on April 29, after sailing over 200 miles off course because of cartography errors. Fages accompanied both the 1769 and 1770 land expeditions to locate Monterey Bay. During this time he was promoted to captain. 1767 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... A Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary or police officer. ... Capital Barcelona Official languages Spanish and Catalan In Val dAran, also Aranese. ... Flag of New Spain New Spain (Spanish: Nueva España) was the name given to the viceroy-ruled colonial territories of the Spanish Empire from 1525 to 1821. ... Sonora is a state in northwestern Mexico, bordering the states of Chihuahua to the east, Sinaloa to the south, and Baja California to the northwest. ... 1769 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... A viceroy is a royal official who governs a country or province as a substitute for the monarch. ... Gaspar de Portolà (circa 1717 – aft. ... San Diego County in the Southwest corner of California. ... The Bay of La Paz, as seen from the International Space Station La Paz, the capital of Baja California Sur, Mexico, is a small city on the shores of the Gulf of California. ... January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1769 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... San Diego Bay is a natural harbor adjacent to San Diego, California. ... April 29 is the 119th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (120th in leap years). ... 1770 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Monterey Bay is a bay of the Pacific Ocean, on the coast of California, south of San Francisco. ... Captain is both a nautical term and a military rank. ...


After Portolà left California in 1770, Fages served as the somewhat independent military governor of New California, with his headquarters in Monterey. During this time, Fages explored by land San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, the Carquinez Strait, the San Joaquin River, and surrounding areas; and earned his nickname El Oso while hunting bears near San Luis Obispo. Fages quarreled with Father Junípero Serra, presidente of the Alta California missions, and was replaced in 1774 by former Governor of the Californias Don Fernando Rivera y Moncada. The City of Monterey is located on Monterey Bay along the Pacific coast in central California in the United States. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate The San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary in which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ... San Pablo Bay is a shallow tidal estuary that forms the northern extension of San Francisco Bay in northern California in the United States. ... Carquinez Strait The Carquinez Strait is a narrow tidal strait in northern California. ... The San Joaquin River is one of the largest rivers in the state of California. ... Genera Ailuropoda Ursus Tremarctos Arctodus (extinct) A bear is a large mammal of the order Carnivora, family Ursidae. ... The city of San Luis Obispo Jennifer Street Bridge The drive into San Luis San Luis Obispo (also SLO or often times San Luis) is the county seat of San Luis Obispo County, California, USA. Luis is pronounced locally as the more anglophone Lewis. ... Blessed Junípero Serra, O.F.M. (November 24, 1713 – August 28, 1784) was a Majorcan (Spain) Franciscan friar who founded the mission chain in Alta California. ... The Spanish Missions of California (more simply referred to as the California Missions) comprise a series of religious outposts established by Spanish Catholic Dominicans, Jesuits, and Franciscans, to spread the Christian doctrine among the local Native Americans, but with the added benefit of giving Spain a toehold in the frontier...


In 1777 Fages returned to Sonora to fight the Apaches, where he was promoted to lieutenant colonel. In 1782 he was appointed Governor of the Californias, replacing Felipe de Neve, and returned to Monterey, which had replaced Loreto as the capital of the Californias in 1777. He was promoted to colonel in 1789, and resigned his governorship in 1791. 1777 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the Native American tribe, for other uses of the word see Apache (disambiguation). ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... 1782 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Loreto (or Conchó) was the first Spanish town on the Baja California Peninsula, the capital of Las Californias from 1697–1777, and the current seat of the Loreto municipality in Baja California Sur. ... 1777 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Colonel is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1791 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


References

  • California State Military Museum article about Fages
  • Spring 1975 edition of the Journal of San Diego History

  Results from FactBites:
 
Pedro Fages at AllExperts (510 words)
Don Pedro Fages Beleta or in Catalan, Pere Fages i Beleta (1734–1794), and nicknamed El Oso, was a Catalan soldier, explorer, and the second Spanish military Governor of New California during 1770–1774, and Governor of the Californias during 1782–1791.
Fages was born in Guissona (Lleida, Catalonia, Spain).
Fages quarreled with Father Junípero Serra, presidente of the Alta California missions, and was replaced in 1774 by former Governor of the Californias Don Fernando Rivera y Moncada.
Pedro Fages: Military Governor of Alta California, 1770-1774 and 1782-1791 (335 words)
Pedro Fages, a native of Catalonia, was promoted to lieutenant in 1767, placing him second in command of the newly formed Free Company of Catalonian volunteers at the age of 33.
Pedro Fages gained the nickname, "El Oso" in 1772 while hunting bears for meat at San Luis Obispo.
Fages was industrious, energetic, a rugged frontiersman and explorer.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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