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Encyclopedia > Pedophilia

Pedophilia or paedophilia (Commonwealth usage) is the primary or exclusive sexual attraction of adults to prepubescent children. A person with this attraction is called a pedophile or paedophile.[1] The ICD-10 and DSM IV, which are standard medical diagnosis manuals, describe pedophilia as a paraphilia and mental disorder of adults or older adolescents, if it causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.[2] An Ephebe Kisses A Man Tondo from an Attic kylix, 5th c. ... A male Caucasian toddler child A child (plural: children) is a young human. ... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) is a detailed description of known diseases and injuries. ... The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, published by the American Psychiatric Association, is the handbook used most often in diagnosing mental disorders in the United States and other countries. ... Look up paraphilia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The term pedophile is also used colloquially to denote an adult who is sexually attracted to young adolescents, especially younger than the local age of consent,[3] as well as those accused or convicted of child sexual abuse or child pornography-related offences. An Ephebe Kisses A Man Tondo from an Attic kylix, 5th c. ... Age of consent laws Worldwide While the phrase age of consent typically does not appear in legal statutes,[1] when used with reference to criminal law the age of consent is the minimum age at which a person is considered to be capable of legally giving informed consent to any... Child sexual abuse is an umbrella term describing criminal and civil offenses in which an adult engages in sexual activity with a minor or exploits a minor for the purpose of sexual gratification. ... Child pornography refers to pornographic material depicting children. ...

Contents

Definitions

The word comes from the Greek paidophilia (παιδοφιλία): pais (παις, "child") and philia (φιλία, "love, friendship"). Paidophilia was coined by Greek poets either as a substitute for "paiderastia" (pederasty),[4] or vice versa.[5] Pederasty or paederasty (literally boy-love, see Etymology below) refers to an intimate or erotic relationship between an adolescent boy and an adult male outside his immediate family. ...


The classic spelling is with ae or æ, to avoid confusion with pedophilia, which etymologically means attraction to the ground (πέδον). The term should also not be confused with podophilia either, which is attraction to feet (πούς > octopus / ποδός / πηδόν > pedal). It is correctly pronounced using the "ped" as in "pediatrician," not as in "pedestrian" (as the original spelling contained an æ, which is pronounced as a long e). Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


The term paedophilia erotica was coined in 1886 by the Viennese psychiatrist Richard von Krafft-Ebing in his writing Psychopathia Sexualis.[6] He gave the following characteristics: For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing with his wife Marie Luise Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing[1] (August 14, 1840 – December 22, 1902) was an Austro-German psychiatrist who wrote Psychopathia Sexualis (1886), a famous study of sexual perversity, and remains well-known for his coinage of the term sadism (after... Psychopathia Sexualis may refer to: Psychopathia Sexualis (book), a psychology book on sexuality by Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing Psychopathia Sexualis (album), an album by Whitehouse An album by The Makers (American band) Psychopathia Sexualis (play), a play by John Patrick Shanley A controversial comic by Miguel Ángel Martín...

  • The sexual interest is toward pre-pubescent youths only. This interest does not extend to the first signs of pubic hair.
  • The sexual interest is toward pre-pubescent youths only and does not include teenagers.
  • The sexual interest remains over time.

As people who have this interest would include many adolescents and pre-pubescents, some experts who theorize that attraction to minors is more common among youth, specify that the interest must be toward pre-pubescent youths at least five years younger than the subject. Pubic hair is hair in the frontal genital area, the crotch, and sometimes at the top of the inside of the legs; these areas form the pubic region. ...


Adults sexually attracted to pre-pubescent youths were placed into three categories by Krafft-Ebing:

  • a.) pedophile
  • b.) surrogate (that is, the pre-pubescent youths are regarded as a substitute object for a preferred, non-available adult object)
  • c.) sadistic

Other researchers used their own terms for the Krafft-Ebing categories: Look up sadism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

  • a.) preferential/structured/fixed (i. e. pedophile) type,
  • b.) situational/opportunistic/regressed/incest (i. e. surrogate) type
  • c.) sadistic (no change)

This three-type model as well as the fundamental mental and behavioural differences of the three types were empirically evidenced, among others, by Kinsey; Howells 1981;[7] Abel, Mittleman & Becker 1985;[8] Knight et al. 1985;[9] Brongersma 1990;[10] McConaghy 1993;[11] Ward et al. 1995;[12] Hoffmann 1996;[13] Seikowski 1999.[14] Incest is defined as sexual intercourse or any form of sexual activity between closely related persons, especially within the nuclear family. ... Empirical research is any activity that uses direct or indirect observation as its test of reality. ...


The term pedophile is commonly used to describe all child sexual offenders, including those who do not meet the clinical diagnosis standards. This use is seen as problematic by some people.[15][16][17] Some researchers, such as Howard E. Barbaree,[18] have endorsed the use of actions as a sole criterion for the diagnosis of pedophilia as a means of taxonomic simplification, rebuking the American Psychiatric Association's standards as "unsatisfactory". Child sexual abuse, whether perpetrated by a clinically diagnosed pedophile or a situational offender, is illegal in most jurisdictions. It has been suggested that Sex offender registry be merged into this article or section. ... Due to the epidemic of medical errors, readers are cautioned to be aware that the American Psychiatric Association isnt immune to this. ... Child sexual abuse is an umbrella term describing criminal and civil offenses in which an adult engages in sexual activity with a minor or exploits a minor for the purpose of sexual gratification. ...


Some psychologists,[19][20] such as Dr. Fred S. Berlin, assert sexual attraction to pre-pubescent youths to be a sexual orientation in itself.[21][22] In one article, Berlin writes "it is likely that no one would choose voluntarily to develop a pedophilic sexual orientation. Those with such an orientation have no more decided to have it than have any of us decided as children to be either heterosexual or homosexual."[23] Berlin also defends the classification of pedophilia as a mental disorder, however, stating "In our society, to have a pedophilic sexual orientation can create both psychological burdens and impairments."[23] Sexual orientation refers to the direction of an individuals sexuality, usually conceived of as classifiable according to the sex or gender of the persons whom the individual finds sexually attractive. ... Heterosexuality is a sexual orientation characterized by esthetic attraction, romantic love or sexual desire exclusively for members of the opposite sex or gender, contrasted with homosexuality and distinguished from bisexuality and asexuality. ... Since its coinage, the word homosexuality has acquired multiple meanings. ...


Diagnosis

The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (F65.4) defines pedophilia as "a sexual preference for children, boys or girls or both, usually of prepubertal or early pubertal age."[24] The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (most commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. ...


The APA's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th edition, Text Revision gives the following as its "Diagnostic criteria for 302.2 Pedophilia":[25] Due to the epidemic of medical errors, readers are cautioned to be aware that the American Psychiatric Association isnt immune to this. ... The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual published by the American Psychiatric Association The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is a handbook for mental health professionals that lists different categories of mental disorder and the criteria for diagnosing them, according to the publishing organization the American Psychiatric Association. ...

  • A. Over a period of at least 6 months, recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors involving sexual activity with a prepubescent child or children (generally age 13 years or younger);
  • B. The person has acted on these sexual urges, or the sexual urges or fantasies cause marked distress or interpersonal difficulty;
  • C. The person is at least age 16 years and at least 5 years older than the child or children in Criterion A.

Neither the ICD or the APA diagnostic criteria require actual sexual activity with a pre-pubescent youths. The diagnosis can therefore be made based on the presence of fantasies or sexual urges alone, provided the subject meets the remaining criteria. "For individuals in late adolescence with pedophilia, no precise age difference is specified, and clinical judgment must be used" (p. 527 DSM).[26] See fantasy for an account of the literary genre involving the development of common or popular fantasies. ... As a three-letter acronym or abbreviation DSM or dsm can mean several things: // DSM (company), an international chemicals company based in the Netherlands Dependency Structure Matrix Deputy Stage Manager Design Structure Matrix The IATA airport code for Des Moines International Airport in Des Moines, Iowa, United States and issometimes...


Causes

The cause or causes of pedophilia are not well understood. German psychologist Michael Griesemer theorizes[27] that pedophiles miss the switch of sexual interest from prepubescent to postpubescent partners (so-called sex-dimorphic maturation of the frontal brain) that usually occurs with the onset of puberty. Noted American sexologist John Money differentiated between affectional and sadistic pedophilia. He believed that affectional pedophilia was caused by a surplus of parental love that became erotic [28]. A stereotypical German The Germans (German: die Deutschen), or the German people, are a nation in the meaning an ethnos (in German: Volk), defined more by a sense of sharing a common German culture and having a German mother tongue, than by citizenship or by being subjects to any particular... The frontal lobe is an area in the brain of mammals. ... Puberty refers to the process of physical changes by which a childs body becomes an adult body capable of reproduction. ... Sexology is the systematic study of human sexuality. ... John William Money, Ph. ...


There are indications of a familial transmittability,[29] though it is unclear whether this stems from genetics. For other uses, see Gene (disambiguation). ...


Extent of occurrence

The extent to which pedophilia occurs is not known with any certainty. Historically, sexual contacts between older pre-pubescents and adults were relatively common and accepted in many places, including the United States and England, where the legal age of consent typically ranged from seven to 12 years until the end of the 19th century.[30][31] Some studies have concluded that at least a quarter of all adult men may have some feelings of sexual arousal in connection with pre-pubescent youths.[32] Freund et al. (1972) remarked that "with males who have no deviant object preferences, clearly positive sexual reactions occur to [nude] 6- to 8-year old female children."[33] For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


In 1989 Briere and Runtz conducted a study on 193 male undergraduate students concerning pedophilia. Of the sample, 21 percent acknowledged sexual attraction to some small children; nine percent reported sexual fantasies involving children; five percent admitted masturbating to these fantasies; and seven percent conceded some probability of actually having sex with a child if they could avoid detection and punishment. The authors also noted that "given the probable social undesirability of such admissions, [one could] hypothesize that the actual rates ... were even higher.".[34] In some educational systems, undergraduate education is post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelors degree. ... Woman masturbating, 1913 drawing by Gustav Klimt. ...


A study by Hall et al. of Kent State University found that, of their sample of 80 adult male volunteers, 20 percent reported some attraction to prepubescent girls and 32.5 percent exhibited sexual arousal to heterosexual pedophilic stimuli that equaled or exceeded their arousal to the adult stimuli.[35] For the events of May 4, 1970, see Kent State shootings Kent State University (also known as Kent, Kent State or KSU) is one of America’s largest university systems, the third largest university in Ohio after Ohio State University (57,748) and the University of Cincinnati (35,364), and...


Less research is available regarding pedophilia's occurrence in females.[36] In a 1996 study of a university sample, 2.6 percent of surveyed females self-reported at least some sexual interest in children.[37]


Occurrence in child sex offenders

A perpetrator of child sexual abuse is commonly assumed to be and referred to as a pedophile; however, there may be other motivations for the crime[18] (such as stress, marital problems, or the unavailability of an adult partner),[38] much as adult rape can have non-sexual impetus. Child sexual abuse may or may not be an indicator that its perpetrator is a pedophile.


Some research indicates that most perpetrators of child sexual abuse are not primarily interested in pre-pubescent youths.[39] In two studies designed to measure sexual preferences using phallometric data, it was found that "30% of the [child sex] offenders tested did not show sufficient arousal [to children] to derive a usable score." [40]


Sociology professor Rüdiger Lautmann, stated in his book on pedophilia, "In this book I am concerned exclusively with the first type [the true pedophile who "has a general interest in social contact with children, including a sexual dimension"], which constitutes approximately five percent of all pedosexually active men."[41]


A survey of cases of father-daughter incest concluded that most involve fathers who are situational offenders, rather than pedophiles.[42][verification needed]


As noted by Abel, Mittleman, and Becker[43] (1985) and Ward et al. (1995), there are generally large distinctions between the two types of offenders' characteristics. Situational offenders tend to offend at times of stress; have a later onset of offending; have fewer, often familial victims; and have a general preference for adult partners. Pedophilic offenders, however, often start offending at an early age; often have a large number of victims who are frequently extrafamilial; are more inwardly driven to offend; and have values or beliefs that strongly support an offense lifestyle.


Attempts have been made to use offender profiling to identify pedophiles, however, these methods have come under criticism for making claims that are in excess of what the evidence supports.[44] Offender profiling is a behavioral and investigative tool that helps investigators to profile an unknown subject (unsub) or offender(s). ...


Treatment

A number of proposed treatment techniques for pedophilia have been developed. In 1981, writer David Crawford reported that the success rate of these therapies was very low.[45] Dr. Fred Berlin, founder of the Johns Hopkins Sexual Disorders Clinic, believed pedophilia could "indeed be successfully treated," if only the medical community would give it more attention.[21] More recently, Dr. Berlin has concluded that, as a sexuality, pedophilia cannot be cured.[46]


Although there are no known therapies for treating pedophilia, many therapies are available for treating the behavior of offending pedophiles. Such therapies do not affect a person's sexual attraction to children, but some are very effective at preventing re-offending behavior.[47]


Medical therapies

Behavior modification programs have been shown to reduce recidivism in contact sex offenders.[48] Often such programs use principles of applied behavior analysis such as the use of reward and punishment to train new behavior such as problem solving.[49] Many of the programs use covert sensitization[50] and odor aversion, which are both forms of aversion therapy. While such programs are effective in lowering recidivism by 15-18 percent, they do not represent a cure. Behavior modification is the use of empirically demonstrated behavior change techniques to improve behavior, such as altering an individuals behaviors and reactions to stimuli through positive and negative reinforcement of adaptive behavior and/or the reduction of maladaptive behavior through positive and negative punishment. ... Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is a systematic process of studying and modifying observable behavior through a manipulation of the environment. ... Denatonium, usually available as denatonium benzoate (or under trade names such as Bitrex or Aversion) and as denatonium saccharide, is the most bitter compound known to date. ... Aversion therapy is a form of psychiatric or psychological treatment in which the patient is exposed to a stimulus while simultaneously being subjected to some form of discomfort. ...


Anti-androgenic medications such as Depo Provera may be used to lower testosterone levels in offending pedophiles, and are often used in conjunction with the non-medical approaches above. (This is commonly referred to as "chemical castration.") Gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues, which last longer and have less side effects, are also effective in reducing libido and may be used.[51] Androgen is the generic term for any natural or synthetic compound, usually a steroid hormone, that stimulates or controls the development and maintenance of masculine characteristics in vertebrates by binding to androgen receptors. ... Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) is a progestogen-only hormonal contraceptive birth control drug which is injected every 3 months. ... Chemical castration is a form of temporary castration caused by certain hormonal drugs. ... A gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue, also known as a GnRH analogue, (sometimes analog) is a synthetic peptide drug modeled after the human hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). ...


A study by the Council on Scientific Affairs found that the success rate of aversion therapy was parallel to that of homosexual reparative therapy; that is to say, extremely low.[52] This method is rarely used on pedophiles who have not offended. Reparative therapy (also called conversion therapy and sexual reorientation therapy) refers to methods aimed at changing gay, lesbian, and bisexual peoples sexual orientations to heterosexual, or at eliminating or diminishing same-sex desires and behaviors. ...


Convicted sex offenders, including many pedophiles, have been treated by the psychosurgical procedure commonly known as lobotomization. Psychosurgery has long been controversial, particularly the historical use of surgical intervention on homosexuals given that homosexuality is no longer considered a mental illness by the psychiatric community (see for instance Rieber et al. 1976;[53] Sigusch 1977;[54] Rieber & Sigusch 1979;[55] Schorsch & Schmidt 1979)[56] Lobotomies are generally no longer practiced and are prohibited in a number of countries. Psychosurgery is a term for surgeries of the brain involving procedures that modulate the performance of the brain, and thus effect changes in cognition, with the intent to treat or alleviate severe mental illness. ... Look up Lobotomy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Thalamotomy is an alternative surgical treatment of sex offenders in practice since the problems with leucotomy have been commonly known (see Greist 1990;[57] Diering & Bell 1991;[58] Hay & Sachdev 1992;[59] Rappaport 1992;[60] de la Porte 1993;[61] Poynton 1993;[62] Bridges et al. 1994;[63] Cummings et al. 1995)[64] and is increasingly advertised as an "effective therapy" for sex offenders (as well as for some children suffering from symptoms of child sexual abuse, since the 1980s (see for instance Andy 1970;[65] Bradford 1988a;[66] Wyre & Swift 1991;[67] Abel et al. 1992;[68] Bridges et al. 1994;[63] Cummings et al. 1995).[64] As Levey and Curfman have noted, however, given the availability of psychopharmacological treatment options, psychosurgical interventions are not likely to be employed given their extreme side effects and irreversible nature. See the same article for an in depth review of treatment options and diagnostic criteria. First introduced in the 1950s, thalamotomy is an invasive procedure, primarily effective for tremors such as those associated with Parkinsons Disease (PD), where a selected portion of the thalamus is surgically destroyed (ablated). ... Psychopharmacology is the study of the effects of any psychoactive drug that acts upon the mind by affecting brain chemistry. ...


Additionally, Reid writes that neurosurgery for sex offenders is "essentially unavailable" in the United States and that data on its use is sparse.[69] Insertion of an electrode during neurosurgery for Parkinsons disease. ...


Many proponents of therapy for "pedophiles" cite the research of Klaus M. Beier of the Institute of Sexology and Sexual Medicine at Charité, a large university hospital in Berlin, Germany, which reported success in a preliminary study using role-play therapy and medicine. According to researchers, contact child sex offenders were better able to control their urges once they understood the pre-pubescent youth's view.[70][71] Although these results are relevant to the prevention of re-offending in contact child sex offenders, there is no empirical suggestion that such therapy is a cure for pedophilia. The Charité is the largest university hospitals in Europe[1]. The Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin is the medical school for the Free University of Berlin and the Humboldt University of Berlin. ... For other uses, see Berlin (disambiguation). ... In role-playing, participants adopt characters, or parts, that have personalities, motivations, and backgrounds different from their own. ...


Related terms

  • Ephebophilia, also known as hebephilia, is the condition of being sexually attracted primarily or exclusively to adolescents. These terms are used in contrast with pedophilia; however, in jurisdictions where the legal age of consent is higher (like USA and Britain), pedophilia is sometimes used more broadly in a non-medical sense to describe both ephebophilia and attraction to younger children; in effect, any person younger than the legal age of consent. Ephebophilia does not have broad academic acceptance as constituting a paraphilia.
  • Pederasty has historically been given sharply different meanings, sometimes referring to male homosexual interactions in general, sometimes to anal sex in general, and sometimes specifically to sex between men and boys. In academic usage the word has still a fourth meaning, referring specifically to the age-structured homosexual interactions practiced in classical Greece between older men and adolescent boys, and by extension to age-structured homosexual interactions in other cultures.
  • Nepiophilia, also called infantophilia, is the attraction to toddlers and infants (usually ages 0–3). Some researchers have suggested a distinction between pedophilia and nepiophilia, especially for same-sex pedophilia (see for example Bernard 1975, 1982; Lautmann 1994), as it is unusual for pedophiles to prefer toddlers. According to Howells 1981;[72] Bernard 1982;[73] McConaghy 1993;[74] Lautmann 1994,[75] male-oriented pedophilia more prevalently blends in with ephebophilia, while female-oriented pedophilia more prevalently blends in with nepiophilia.

An Ephebe Kisses A Man Tondo from an Attic kylix, 5th c. ... The Adolescents were a punk band in the 1980s. ... Age of consent laws Worldwide While the phrase age of consent typically does not appear in legal statutes,[1] when used with reference to criminal law the age of consent is the minimum age at which a person is considered to be capable of legally giving informed consent to any... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... Age of consent laws Worldwide While the phrase age of consent typically does not appear in legal statutes,[1] when used with reference to criminal law the age of consent is the minimum age at which a person is considered to be capable of legally giving informed consent to any... Look up paraphilia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Pederasty or paederasty (literally boy-love, see Etymology below) refers to an intimate or erotic relationship between an adolescent boy and an adult male outside his immediate family. ... Roman men having anal sex. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... Pederastic courtship scene Athenian black-figure amphora, 5th c. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A Preteen or pre-teen refers to a stage of human development during childhood. ... Lolicon art often depicts childlike characteristics with likely double meanings. ... This article is about the comics created in Japan. ... Porn redirects here. ... Neoteny is the retention by adults of a species of traits previously seen only in juveniles (pedomorphosis/paedomorphosis), and is a subject studied in the field of developmental biology. ... Shotacon ) is a Japanese abbreviation for the Shōtarō Complex, a term describing affinity or sexual preference for underage boys. ... Nepiophilia aka infantophilia is the sexual attraction towards babies and toddlers (aged 0-4/5 years). ... Boy toddler Toddler is a common term for a a young child who is learning to walk or toddle,[1] generally considered to be the second stage of development after infancy and occurring predominantly during the ages of 12 to 36 months old. ... A human infant The word Infant derives from the Latin in-fans, meaning unable to speak. ...

Pedophilia-related activism

Pro-pedophile activism

Main article: Pro-pedophile activism

Some pro-pedophile activists aim to change legal, medical and social views of pedophilia. This advocacy movement gained public attention in 1948 with Alfred Kinsey's publication of the Kinsey Reports including his interviews with pedophiles, and increased momentum in the late 1990s with the highly controversial Rind et al. study, that has since been quoted by numerous pedophile advocacy organizations.[76][77][78] Pro-pedophile activism or Pro-paedophile activism (Commonwealth usage) encompasses pro-pedophile organizations and activists that argue for certain changes of criminal laws and cultural response associated with pedophiles and adult-minor sexual relations. ... Alfred Charles Kinsey (June 23, 1894 – August 25, 1956), was an American biologist and professor of entomology and zoology who in 1947 founded the Institute for Research in Sex, Gender and Reproduction at Indiana University, now called the Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender and Reproduction. ... The 1948 first edition of Sexual Behavior in the Human Male, the first of the two Kinsey reports. ... Alfred Charles Kinsey (June 23, 1894 – August 25, 1956), was an American biologist and professor of entomology and zoology who in 1947 founded the Institute for Research in Sex, Gender and Reproduction at Indiana University, now called the Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender and Reproduction. ... Rind, Tromovitch and Bauserman are the authors of A meta-analytic examination of assumed properties of child sexual abuse using college samples. ...


Anti-pedophile activism

Main article: Anti-pedophile activism

Anti-pedophile activism encompasses opposition to pedophiles, pro-pedophile activism, and other phenomena that are seen as related to pedophilia, such as child pornography and child sexual abuse.[79] Whilst much of the direct action classified as anti-pedophile involves demonstrations against sex offenders[80], groups advocating legalization of sexual activity between adults and children,[81] and internet users who solicit sex from teens, there are some organizations, such as Absolute Zero,[82] that explicitly target pedophiles. Anti-pedophile (or anti-paedophile) activism encompasses opposition to pedophiles, pro-pedophile activism, and other phenomena that are commonly seen as related to pedophilia, such as child pornography and child sexual abuse[1]. // Some local groups have taken to marching in opposition to the locations of various child sex offenders... Pro-pedophile activism or Pro-paedophile activism (Commonwealth usage) encompasses pro-pedophile organizations and activists that argue for certain changes of criminal laws and cultural response associated with pedophiles and adult-minor sexual relations. ... Child pornography refers to pornographic material depicting children. ... Child sexual abuse is an umbrella term describing criminal and civil offenses in which an adult engages in sexual activity with a minor or exploits a minor for the purpose of sexual gratification. ...


See also

Significant age disparity in sexual relationships has been a feature of couples in many cultures and societies. ... Age of consent laws Worldwide While the phrase age of consent typically does not appear in legal statutes,[1] when used with reference to criminal law the age of consent is the minimum age at which a person is considered to be capable of legally giving informed consent to any... Anti-pedophile (or anti-paedophile) activism encompasses opposition to pedophiles, pro-pedophile activism, and other phenomena that are commonly seen as related to pedophilia, such as child pornography and child sexual abuse[1]. // Some local groups have taken to marching in opposition to the locations of various child sex offenders... Child pornography refers to pornographic material depicting children. ... Child sexual abuse is an umbrella term describing criminal and civil offenses in which an adult engages in sexual activity with a minor or exploits a minor for the purpose of sexual gratification. ... Child sexuality refers to sexual feelings, behavior and development in children. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Age disparity in sexual relationships. ... Neoteny describes a process by which paedomorphism is achieved, and is a subject studied in the field of developmental biology. ... Paidika: The Journal of Paedophilia (1987-1995) was a scholarly, peer-reviewed journal published by the Stichting Paidika Foundation, a Netherlands nonprofit organization. ... This article is about pedophilia/paedophilia in movies/films. ... Pederastic film became a genre in its own right in the 1960s. ... Pro-pedophile activism or Pro-paedophile activism (Commonwealth usage) encompasses pro-pedophile organizations and activists that argue for certain changes of criminal laws and cultural response associated with pedophiles and adult-minor sexual relations. ... The Roman Catholic sex abuse cases are a series of accusations of child sexual abuse made against Roman Catholic priests and also concern accusations of related church cover-ups against said abuse. ...

Notes and references

Notes

  1. ^ Personality Correlates of Pedophilia: Are They Reliable Indicators?. : Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles. Retrieved on 2007-10-21.
  2. ^ medem.com
  3. ^ Ames, A. & Houston, D. A. (1990). "Legal, social, and biological definitions of pedophilia." Archives of Sexual Behavior. 19 (4), 333-342.
  4. ^ Liddell, H.G., and Scott, Robert (1959). Intermediate Greek-English Lexicon. ISBN 0-19-910206-6.
  5. ^ Anonymous (probably Geigel, Alois. 1869) Das Paradoxon der Venus Urania ("The paradox of man-manly love"), p. 6. OCLC 68582227 OCLC 77768935 Reprinted as a complete facsimile in Hohmann, Joachim S. (1977). Der unterdrückte Sexus ("Historical oppression of sexuality"). ISBN 3879587124 (German). The anonymous 1869 author had harshly rejected the theories of early LGBT activist Karl Heinrich Ulrichs whose "filthy pederasty" he contrasted with chaste, "sublime paedophilia" basing both definitions on the classical meaning boy for παις instead of the non-classical meaning child, and εραστια ("erastia") as pure "sexual desire", contrasted with more sublime φιλία.
  6. ^ Krafft-Ebing, Richard von (1886). Psychopathia Sexualis. English translation: ISBN 1-55970-425-X.
  7. ^ Howells, K. (1981). "Adult sexual interest in children: Considerations relevant to theories of aetiology," Adult sexual interest in children, 55-94.
  8. ^ Abel, G. G., Mittleman, M. S., & Becker, J. V. (1985). "Sex offenders: Results of assessment and recommendations for treatment." In M. H. Ben-Aron, S. J. Hucker, & C. D. Webster (Eds.), Clinical criminology: The assessment and treatment of criminal behavior (pp. 207-220). Toronto, Canada: M & M Graphics.
  9. ^ Knight, R.; Rosenberg, R.; Schneider, B. (1985). "Classification of sex offenders: Perspectives, methods, and validation" In A. W. Burgess (Ed.) Rape and sexual assault: A research handbook (pp. 222-293). New York: Garland.
  10. ^ Edward Brongersma (1990): "Boy-Lovers and Their Influence on Boys: Distorted Research and Anecdotal Observations" In Journal of Homosexuality 20 - 1/2
  11. ^ McConaghy, Nathaniel (1993). "Sexual Behaviour: Problems and Management", 312, New York: Plenum
  12. ^ Ward, T., Hudson, S. M., Marshall, W. L., & Siegert, R. J. (1995). "Attachment style and intimacy deficits in sexual offenders: A theoretical framework." In Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 7, 317-334.
  13. ^ Hoffmann, R. (1996). "Die Lebenswelt des Pädophilen: Rahmen, Rituale und Dramaturgie der pädophilen Begegnung" (Paedophile conduct: Context, rituals, and choreography of paedophile contacts). Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag (German)
  14. ^ Seikowski, K. (1999). "Pädophilie: Definition, Abgrenzung und Entwicklungsbedingungen" ("Paedophilia: Definition, distinguishing features, and aetiology") In Sexualmedizin 21, pp. 327-332 (German)
  15. ^ Edwards, M. (1997) "Treatment for Paedophiles; Treatment for Sex Offenders." Paedophile Policy and Prevention, Australian Institute of Criminology Research and Public Policy Series (12), 74-75.
  16. ^ Underwager, Ralph and Wakefield, Hollida (1995). "Special Problems with Sexual Abuse Cases: Assessment of the Accused Adult." In J. Ziskin (Ed.) Coping With Psychiatric and Psychological Testimony (Fifth Edition). Los Angeles: Law and Psychology Press. pp. 1315-1370. ISBN 1-879689-07-3
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Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) was founded in 1967 and originally named the Ohio College Library Center. ... The Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) was founded in 1967 and originally named the Ohio College Library Center. ... -1... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The word Jan has the following meanings: Shorthand for the month January Common male name in The Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Austria, Denmark, Sweden, Poland, Czech Republic and Norway that means delicate flower. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... The word Jan has the following meanings: Shorthand for the month January Common male name in The Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Austria, Denmark, Sweden, Poland, Czech Republic and Norway that means delicate flower. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Abel GG: Behavioral treatment of child molesters, in Perspectives on Behavioral Medicine. Edited by Stunkard AJ, Baum A. New York, Lawrence Erlbaum, 1989, pp 223-242
  • Abel GG, Blanchard EB: The role of fantasy in the treatment of sexual deviation. Arch Gen Psychiatry 30:467-475, 1974
  • Abel GG, Osborn CA: Clinical syndromes of adult psychiatry: the paraphilias, in The Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry. New York, Oxford University Press, in press.
  • Abel GG, Rouleau J-L: Male sex offenders, in Handbook of Outpatient Treatment of Adults. Edited by Thase ME, Edelstein BA, Hersen M. New York, Plenum, 1990, pp 271-290
  • Fagan P. J. et al (2002). "Pedophilia" (requires registration). Journal of the American Medical Association. 288, 2458-2465.
  • Levine, Judith. (2002). Harmful to Minors: The Perils of Protecting Children From Sex. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Discusses the perception and reality of pedophilia. ISBN 0-8166-4006-8.
  • Pryor, Douglass, Unspeakable Acts: Why Men Sexually Abuse Children, New York Univ. Press, 1996.
  • Rind et al. (1998). "A meta-analytic examination of assumed properties of child sexual abuse using college samples." Psychological Bulletin. 124 (1), 22-53.
  • Scruton, Roger, Sexual Desire: A Moral Philosophy of the Erotic, Free, 1986.
  • Wilson, Paul R. (1981). The Man They Called a Monster. Melbourne: Cassell Australia. ISBN 0-7269-9282-8. (Book about a court reporter who had sexual relationships with 2500 adolescent males; includes interviews with the later adults who reflect on these relationships.)

Judith Levine (born 1952) is a noted author and civil libertarian. ... Harmful to Minors: The Perils of Protecting Children From Sex (ISBN 0-8166-4006-8) is a controversial book by Judith Levine that was published in 2002 with a foreword by former United States Surgeon General Joycelyn Elders. ... Rind, Tromovitch and Bauserman are the authors of A meta-analytic examination of assumed properties of child sexual abuse using college samples. ...

External links

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, published by the American Psychiatric Association, is the handbook used most often in diagnosing mental disorders in the United States and other countries. ... Archives of Sexual Behavior is an academic sexology journal and the official publication of the International Academy of Sex Research. ... Look up paraphilia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Agalmatophilia is an uncommon sexual fetish or paraphilia, also known as Pygmalionism after the myth of Pygmalion. ... Andromimetophilia (often misspelled as androminetophilia) is a condition in which erotic or sexual arousal is facilitated by or contingent upon a female sex partner impersonating a male. ... Look up autogynephilia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Biastophilia is a paraphilia in which sexual arousal becomes dependent on sexually attacking a non-consenting, surprised, terrified, and struggling stranger. ... A model in bondage cuffs with a leg spreader In the context of BDSM, bondage involves people being tied up or otherwise restrained for pleasure. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Age disparity in sexual relationships. ... Look up coprophilia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A philia is the love or obsession with a particular thing or subject. ... Dippoldism (German Dippoldismus) is the paraphilia of sexual arousal from spanking or otherwise applying corporal punishment to children. ... Emetophilia is a sexual fetish in which an individual is aroused by vomiting or observing others vomit. ... An Ephebe Kisses A Man Tondo from an Attic kylix, 5th c. ... Autoerotic asphyxiation, asphyxiophilia, or breath control play, is the practice of intentionally reducing the amount of oxygen to the brain during sexual stimulation in order to heighten the received pleasure from orgasm. ... Erotic lactation means breastfeeding of an adult partner or re-lactation for primarily erotic reasons. ... An exhibitionist exposing himself at a soccer game. ... Food play is a form of sexual fetishism in which participants are aroused by erotic situations involving food. ... This article is about a specific paraphilia. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Human animal roleplay (also called petplay, ponyplay, ponyism or pup-play) is a form of erotic sexual role-play where one or more of the participants takes on the role of a real or imaginary animal in character, including appropriate mannerisms and behavior, and sometimes a partner will act as... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Katoptronophilia is a paraphilia for mirrors (the Greek word for mirror is katoptron). ... Klismaphilia (sometimes spelled Klysmaphilia) is the paraphilia of deriving sexual pleasure from enemas. ... Macrophilia refers to sexual fantasy involving fictitious giants. ... Mysophilia is a paraphilia relating to soiled or dirty material. ... Look up Necrophilia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... CambridgeBayWeather 15:10, 26 August 2005 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Olfactophilia, (Latin=olfacto, to smell, pertaining to the sense of smell, and philia, love), is the sexual attraction to, or sexual arousal by, smells and odors emanating from the body, especially the sexual areas. ... Osmolagnia, (Greek=osme, smell, and lagneia, lust), is the sexual attraction to, or sexual arousal by, smells and odors emanating from the body, especially the sexual areas. ... Paraphilic infantilism is the desire to wear diapers and be treated as a helpless infant. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Flogging demonstration at Folsom Street Fair 2004. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Two women in handcuffs and latex miniskirts and tops - Latex and PVC fetishism Wikinews has related news: Dr. Joseph Merlino on sexuality, insanity, Freud, fetishes and apathy Sexual fetishism is the sexual attraction for material and terrestrial objects while in reality the essence of the object is inanimate and sexless. ... Somnophilia (from Latin, somnus, sleep + -philia), or sleeping princess syndrome, is a paraphilia in which sexual arousal and/or orgasm are stimulated by intruding on and awakening a sleeping stranger with erotic caresses. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Paraphilia. ... Cathie Jung (born 1937), wearing a sterling silver corset, holds the Guinness World Record for the smallest waist of any currently living person, at 38. ... A folded cream-coloured full slip Some men find the sheer fabric of stockings highly enticing Transvestic fetishism is a sexual fetish for the clothing of the opposite gender. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Troilism is the act of two people performing intercourse while a third watches. ... Golden shower redirects here. ... Look up vorarephilia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... “Voyeur” redirects here. ... This article is about zoophilia, the emotional and (optionally) sexual attraction of humans to animals. ... For the Japanese noodle preparation method, see udon. ... Hadaka (裸) is the japanese word for nude. ... Lolicon art often depicts childlike characteristics with likely double meanings. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Omorashi ) is a fetish subculture recognized predominantly in Japan, in which participants experience arousal from having a full bladder or a sexual attraction to someone else experiencing the feeling of a full bladder. ... Shotacon ) is a Japanese abbreviation for the Shōtarō Complex, a term describing affinity or sexual preference for underage boys. ... Tamakeri is a recently introduced type of Japanese fetish pornography. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Sexual behavior is a form of physical intimacy that may be directed to reproduction (one possible goal of sexual intercourse) and/or to the enjoyment of activity involving sexual gratification. ... Sexology is the systematic study of human sexuality. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Pedophilia - Definition, Description, Causes and symptoms, Demographics, Diagnosis, Treatments, Prognosis, Prevention (0 words)
Pedophilia is also a psychosexual disorder in which the fantasy or actual act of engaging in sexual activity with prepubertal children is the preferred or exclusive means of achieving sexual excitement and gratification.
Pedophilia is one of the more common paraphilias; the large worldwide market for child pornography suggests that it is more frequent in the general population than prison statistics would indicate.
A diagnosis of pedophilia cannot be assigned to an individual in late adolescence (age 17 to 19) who is involved in an ongoing sexual relationship with a 12- or 13-year-old person.
Pedophilia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2489 words)
Pedophilia, paedophilia, or pædophilia (see spelling differences), is the paraphilia of being sexually attracted primarily or exclusively to pre-pubescent children.
Those who have committed sexual crimes against children, but do not meet the normal diagnosis criteria for pedophilia, are referred to as situational, opportunistic, or regressed offenders, whereas offenders primarily attracted toward children are called structured, preferential, or fixated pedophiles, as their orientation is fixed by the structure of their personality.
These terms are used in contrast with pedophilia; however pedophilia is sometimes used more broadly in the western world to describe both ephebophilia and attraction to younger children, that is, any person younger than the legal age of consent.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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