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Encyclopedia > Peccary
Wikipedia:How to read a taxobox
How to read a taxobox
Peccaries
Collared Peccary, Tayassu tajacu
Collared Peccary, Tayassu tajacu
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Tayassuidae
Palmer, 1897
Species

Tayassu
Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1067, 814 KB) Collared Peccary, Melbourne Zoo File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Peccary List of mammals in Brazil Collared Peccary ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... Animalia redirects here. ... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicates Ascidiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... Subclasses Subclass Allotheria* Order Docodonta (extinct) Order Multituberculata (extinct) Order Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Order Triconodonta (extinct) Order Volaticotheria (extinct) Subclass Prototheria Order Monotremata Subclass Theria Infraclass Trituberculata (extinct) Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals are a class of vertebrate animals characterized by the production of milk in females for the nourishment of... Families Suidae Hippopotamidae Tayassuidae Camelidae Tragulidae Moschidae Cervidae Giraffidae Antilocapridae Bovidae The even-toed ungulates form the mammal order Artiodactyla. ... Theodore Sherman Palmer (1868 - 1955) was an American zoologist. ... Binomial name Tayassu pecari (Link, 1795) White-lipped Peccary, Tayassu pecari, is a peccary species found in North, Central and South America, living in rainforest, dry forest and chaco scrub. ...

Catagonus
Binomial name Tayassu tajacu (Linnaeus, 1758) Collared Peccary, Tayassu tajacu, is a peccary species found in North, Central and South America, living in many habitats, from dry, Sonoran desert and chaco to deep rainforest. ... Binomial name Tayassu pecari (Link, 1795) White-lipped Peccary, Tayassu pecari, is a peccary species found in North, Central and South America, living in rainforest, dry forest and chaco scrub. ... The Chacoan peccary (Catagonus wagneri), is the closest living relative to the extinct Platygonus pearcei. ...

The peccaries (also known by its Spanish name, javelina or pecarí) are medium-sized mammals of the family Tayassuidae. Peccaries are members of the Artiodactyls (even-toed ungulates) as are swine Suidae and hippopotami Hippopotamidae. They are found in the southwestern area of North America and throughout Central and South America. Peccaries usually measure between 90 and 130 cm in length (3 to 4 feet), and a full-grown adult usually weighs between about 20 and 40 kilograms (44 to 88 pounds). Binomial name Catagonus wagneri Wetzel , 1975 The Chacoan peccary (Catagonus wagneri), is the closest living relative to the extinct Platygonus pearcei. ... Subclasses Subclass Allotheria* Order Docodonta (extinct) Order Multituberculata (extinct) Order Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Order Triconodonta (extinct) Order Volaticotheria (extinct) Subclass Prototheria Order Monotremata Subclass Theria Infraclass Trituberculata (extinct) Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals are a class of vertebrate animals characterized by the production of milk in females for the nourishment of... In biological classification, family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is 1) a rank or 2) a taxon in that rank. ... Families Antilocapridae Bovidae Camelidae Cervidae Giraffidae Hippopotamidae Moschidae Suidae Tayassuidae Tragulidae Leptochoeridae † Chaeropotamidae † Dichobunidae † Cebochoeridae † Entelodontidae † Anoplotheriidae † Anthracotheriidae † Cainotheriidae † Agriochoeridae † Merycoidodontidae † Leptomerycidae † Protoceratidae † Xiphodontidae † Amphimerycidae † Helohyidae † Gelocidae † Merycodontidae † Dromomerycidae † Raoellidae † Choeropotamidae † Sanitheriidae † The even-toed ungulates form the mammal order Artiodactyla. ... Llamas such as this, which have two toes, are artiodactylas -- even toed ungulates Ungulates (meaning roughly hoofed or hoofed animal) make up several orders of mammals, of which six to eight survive. ... Genera Babirusas, Babyrousa Giant forest hogs, Hylochoerus Warthogs, Phacochoerus Bush pigs, Potamochoerus Pigs, Sus Suidae is the biological family to which pigs and their relatives belong. ... Genera Hippopotamus Phanourios Hexaprotodon Archaeopotamus Choeropsis Saotherium Hippopotami (colloquially also Hippopotamuses) are the members of the family Hippopotamidae. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...


People often confuse peccaries, which are found in the New World, with pigs that originated in the Old World, especially since some domestic pigs brought by European settlers have escaped over the years and now run wild in many parts of the United States. These feral pigs are popularly known as razorback hogs. Relatives of the Old World pigs include the warthog of Africa. One of the ways to tell apart the two groups is the shape of the canine tooth, or tusk. In the Old World pigs the tusk is long and curves around on itself, whereas in the New World peccaries the tusk is short and straight. Peccaries use their tusks for defense; they feed chiefly on roots and grasses but also eat invertebrates and small vertebrates. Frontispiece of Peter Martyr dAnghieras De orbe novo (On the New World). Carte dAmérique, Guillaume Delisle, 1722. ... The Old World consists of those parts of Earth known to Europeans, Asians, and Africans before the voyages of Christopher Columbus; it includes Europe, Asia, and Africa (collectively known as Africa-Eurasia), plus surrounding islands. ... Razorbacks, also referred to as an Old World swine, Eurasian wild boar, or Russian wild boar, are feral pigs that were brought to North America by the explorer Hernando de Soto during the mid-1550s. ... Binomial name Phacochoerus africanus (Pallas, 1766) // Warthogs are really cool man, innit. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ...


By rubbing the tusks together they can make a chattering noise that warns potential predators to not get too close. Peccaries, indeed, are aggressive enough in temperament that, unlike Eurasia's pigs, they cannot be domesticated as they are likely to injure humans. Dogs and sheep were among the first animals to be domesticated. ...

Contents

Species

Peccary digging for food
Peccary digging for food

Today there are three living species of peccary, found from the southwestern United States through Central America and into South America. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1067, 811 KB) Collared Peccary, Melbourne Zoo If you are a (commercial) publisher and you want me to write you an email or paper mail giving you an authorization to use my works in your products or a license with the... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1067, 811 KB) Collared Peccary, Melbourne Zoo If you are a (commercial) publisher and you want me to write you an email or paper mail giving you an authorization to use my works in your products or a license with the... For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...


The Collared Peccary (Pecari tajacu) occurs from the southwestern United States into South America. They are often found in dry arid habitats. They are sometimes called the "musk hog" because of their strong odor. In some areas of the southwestern United States they have become habituated to human beings and live in relative harmony with them in such areas as the suburbs of cities where there are still relatively large areas of brush and undergrowth to move through. They are generally found in squadrons of eight to 15 animals of various ages. They will defend themselves if they feel threatened but otherwise tend to ignore human beings. They defend themselves with their long tusks, which sharpen themselves whenever the mouth opens or close. Binomial name Tayassu tajacu (Linnaeus, 1758) Collared Peccary, Tayassu tajacu, is a peccary species found in North, Central and South America, living in many habitats, from dry, Sonoran desert and chaco to deep rainforest. ...

Two javelinas at a suburban home in Tucson, Arizona

A second species is the White-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari), which is found in the rainforests of Central and South America. Javelina picture taken by Hayford Peirce at his home in Tucson, Arizona, on June 28, 2004, and placed in the public domain. ... Javelina picture taken by Hayford Peirce at his home in Tucson, Arizona, on June 28, 2004, and placed in the public domain. ... Binomial name Tayassu pecari (Link, 1795) White-lipped Peccary, Tayassu pecari, is a peccary species found in North, Central and South America, living in rainforest, dry forest and chaco scrub. ...


The third species, the Chacoan peccary (Catagonus wagneri), is the closest living relative to the extinct Platygonus pearcei. It is found in the dry shrub habitat or Chaco of Paraguay, Bolivia and Southern Brazil. The Chacoan peccary has the unusual distinction of having been first described based on fossils and was originally thought to be only an extinct species. In 1975 the animal was discovered to still be alive and well in the Chaco region of Paraguay. The species was well known to the native people. Binomial name Catagonus wagneri Wetzel , 1975 The Chacoan peccary (Catagonus wagneri), is the closest living relative to the extinct Platygonus pearcei. ... A broom shrub in flower A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ...


Modern peccaries are social animals and often form herds. Over 100 individuals have been recorded for a single herd of white-lipped peccaries, but collared and Chacoan peccaries usually form smaller groups. Such social behavior seems to have been the situation in extinct peccaries as well.


Peccaries have scent glands below each eye and another on their back. They use the scent to mark herd territories from 75 to 700 acres. They also mark other herd members with these scent glands by rubbing one another to establish a herd scent. The pungent odor allows peccaries to recognize other members of the herd despite their poor eyesight.


History

Peccaries have a long history in North America. They first appear in the early Oligocene, about 32 million years ago, and a variety of different species are present in faunas of different ages across the continent. Some of these extinct peccaries have been found at John Day Fossil Beds National Monument in Oregon and at Badlands National Monument in South Dakota. The Oligocene epoch is a geologic period of time that extends from about 34 million to 23 million years before the present. ... John Day Fossil Beds National Monument is a 14,000 acre (57 km²) park near Kimberly, Oregon. ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Badlands National Park, in southwest South Dakota, preserves 242,756 acres (982 km²) of sharply eroded buttes, pinnacles and spires blended with the largest protected mixed grass prairie in the United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th  - Total 77,163 sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ...


Although they are common in South America today, peccaries did not reach that continent until about three million years ago, when the Isthmus of Panama formed, connecting North America and South America. At that time, many North American animals — including peccaries, llamas and tapirs — entered South America, while some South American species, such as the ground sloths, migrated north. [1] The Isthmus of Panama. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Species Tapirus bairdii Tapirus indicus Tapirus pinchaque Tapirus terrestris Tapirs (IPA:ˈteɪpÉ™r, pronounced as in taper, or IPA:təˈpɪər, pronounced as in tap-ear) are large browsing mammals, roughly pig-like in shape, with short, prehensile snouts. ... Families Rathymotheriidae Scelidotheriidae Mylodontidae Orophodontidae Megalonychidae Megatheriidae Ground sloths are extinct edentate (Order Xenarthra) mammals that are believed to be relatives of tree sloths and three-toed sloths. ...


Peccaries in Popular Culture

One song on Frank Zappa's "Studio Tan" album is about "Greggery Peccary", a "little pig" who invents the calendar. [2] Frank Vincent Zappa[1] (December 21, 1940 – December 4, 1993) was an American composer, guitarist, singer, film director, and satirist. ... Studio Tan is an album by Frank Zappa, first released in September 1978. ...


Episode 30, "Bully Up A Tree", of Davey and Goliath featured a bully who was chased up a tree by a peccary, and then rescued by the dog Goliath, whom he had teased earlier. Davey and Goliath was the title of a 1960s stop-motion animated television series. ...


A stuffed Javelina is seen in the movie "The Royal Tenenbaums".


The Pixies have a song called "Havalina" on their album Bossanova. The lyrics are: Havalina, Walking in the breeze, On the plains of old Sedona Arizona, Among the trees, Havalina


The javelina is the official mascot of Texas A&I University - Kingsville, in Kingsville, Texas.


On the television show Survivorman, in the Sonoran Desert episode, Les Stroud warns about the peccary and also has several shots of the animal. Survivorman is a reality television program broadcast in Canada on the Outdoor Life Network (OLN), and in the United States on The Discovery Channel and The Science Channel. ... Les Stroud (Born October 20, 1962 in Mimico, Ontario[1][2]) is a Canadian musician, film maker, and survival enthusiast best known as the host of the television program Survivorman. ...


Gallery

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Tayassuidae
  • ARKive - images and movies of the Chacoan peccary (Catagonus wagneri)
  • Arizona Game and Fish: Living With Javelina
  • The Collared Peccary The Collared Peccary

  Results from FactBites:
 
Peccary - LoveToKnow 1911 (623 words)
Peccaries are omnivorous, living on roots, fallen fruits, worms and carrion, and often inflict great devastation upon crops.
Remains of extinct peccaries referable to the modern genus occur in the caverns and superficial deposits of South America, but not in the earlier formations.
Of the extinct North American peccaries, the typical Dicotyles occur in the Pliocene while the Miocene Bothriolabis, which has tusks of the peccary type, approximates in the structure of its cheek-teeth to the European Miocene genus among the Suinae.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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