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Encyclopedia > Peak Tram
The Peak Tram approaching the upper terminus
The Peak Tram approaching the upper terminus

The Peak Tramway (traditional Chinese: 山頂纜車) is a funicular railway in Hong Kong, which carries both tourists and residents to the upper levels of Hong Kong Island. Running from Central district to Victoria Peak via the Mid-Levels, it provides the most direct route and offers good views over the harbour and skyscrapers of Hong Kong. Image File history File linksMetadata Hongkong_peak_tram. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Hongkong_peak_tram. ... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Duquesne Incline, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania with full length parallel tracks A funicular, also called funicular railway or inclined railway, inclined plane, or in England a cliff railway, consists of a system of transportation in which cables attach to a tram-like vehicle on rails to move it up and down a... The night view of the Island side as seen from the Kowloon side - the opposite side of the Victoria Harbour Hong Kong Island (Traditional Chinese: 香港島; Simplified Chinese: 香港岛; Cantonese Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2 dou2; Mandarin Pinyin: XiānggÇŽngdÇŽo) is the island where the colonial settlement of the Hong Kong territory... The night view of the Central as viewed from Tsim Sha Tsui on the opposite side of the Victoria Harbour Central (Chinese: 中環; Jyutping: zung1 waan4; Cantonese IPA: ; Pinyin: Zhōnghuán) is an area located in Central and Western District, Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong. ... For other places with the same name, see Victoria Peak (disambiguation). ... Mid-levels (Traditional Chinese: ) is an expensive residential area on Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. ...


The Peak Tram is owned and operated by the Hongkong and Shanghai Hotels group (HSH), the owner of Hong Kong's famous Peninsula Hotel along with many other properties. The line, along with HSH's Peak Tower leisure complex at the line's summit, is promoted using the brand The Peak.[1][2] The Hongkong and Shanghai Hotels, Limited is a Hong Kong-based company engaged in leisure, residential, commercial and hotel property management across Asia-Pacific. ... The Peninsula The Peninsula Hong Kong (香港半島酒店) is one of the most famous hotels in the world. ... The Peak Tower from road level The Peak Tower from the viewing platform of the Peak Galleria The interior of thePeak Tower in 2007. ...

Contents

Route

Uphill tram route 1897
Uphill tram route 1897

The Peak Tram's route from Central district to Victoria Peak covers a distance of about 1.4 kilometres and a height difference of just under 400 metres. The line has two pronounced curves, one to the left immediately after leaving the lower terminus, and the other to the right in the upper half of the ascent. The gradient also varies considerably throughout the ascent. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 404 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 890 pixel, file size: 336 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to zh. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 404 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 890 pixel, file size: 336 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to zh. ... “km” redirects here. ... This article is about the unit of length. ...


The lower terminus station is located on Garden Road near St. John's Cathedral. The original station was incorporated into St. John's Building, an office tower, with the tram terminus at the ground level. The station comprises a single track, with platforms on both sides. One platform is used for boarding, the other for exiting the tram. For former name of a road in Tsim Sha Tsui, see Hankow Road. ... St. ... Garden Road side of St johns Buuilding This article does not cite any references or sources. ...



The upper terminus is located below the Peak Tower shopping and leisure complex at Victoria Gap, some 150 metres below the summit of Victoria Peak. The station has the same arrangement of boarding and alighting platforms as the lower terminus. The haulage and control equipment for the funicular is located in a basement below the station. The Peak Tower from road level The Peak Tower from the viewing platform of the Peak Galleria The interior of thePeak Tower in 2007. ...


There are also four intermediate stations, each of which consist of a single stepped platform and a shelter:

Kennedy Road (堅尼地道) is a road in the Mid-levels on the Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong. ... Sir Arthur Kennedy Sir Arthur Edward Kennedy (5 April 1809–3 June 1883) was a British colonial administrator who served as governor of a number of British colonies, namely Sierra Leone, Western Australia, Vancouver Island, Hong Kong and Queensland. ... Flag of the Governor of Hong Kong, 1959–1997 The Governor of Hong Kong (Traditional Chinese: ; abbreviated 港督) was a British official who ruled Hong Kong during the colonial period between 1841 and 1997 and was ex-officio Commander-in-Chief and Vice-Admiral of Hong Kong. ... MacDonnell Road, (Chinese: 麥當勞道, formerly 麥當奴道) is a road on Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong. ... Sir Richard MacDonnell Sir Richard Graves Macdonnell , KCMG C.B. (Chinese Translated Name 麥當奴) (3 September 1814 – 5 February 1881) was a British colonial governor who became the 6th Governor of Hong Kong. ... Sir Francis Henry May (1860 - 1922) was a British colonial administrator. ... George Digby Barker (Chinese Translated Name 伯加) was a British soldier and colonial administrator who became the acting administrator of Hong Kong between May and December of 1891. ...

History

The Peak Tram, Garden Road Terminus, c.1920
The Peak Tram, Garden Road Terminus, c.1920

In 1881, Alexander Findlay Smith, who owned a hotel on the Peak, petitioned for the right to introduce a funicular railway to Hong Kong[3]. It took three years to build, as much of the heavy equipment and rails had to be hauled uphill by the workers, who had no mechanical support. The Peak Tram was a revolutionary new form of transport to Asia at the time, and when the tramway was finally completed it was considered a marvel in engineering. A wooden structure was built for the terminal[3]. According to photographs, the Garden Road terminus was originally an unadorned building, a large clock face was added to the edifice probably between the 1910s and 1920s. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


The Peak Tram was opened for public service on May 28, 1888 by the then Governor Sir George William des Voeux[3]. As built, the line used a static steam engine to power the haulage cable. It was at first used only for residents of Victoria Peak, although despite this it carried 800 passengers on its first day of operation, and about 150,000 in its first year. These passengers were carried in the line's wooden bodied cars.[4] Its existence accelerated the residential development of Victoria Peak and the Mid Levels. In the course of its history, the tram has been victim of two natural disasters, caused by floods caused by heavy rainfall which washed away steep sections of the track between Bowen Road and Kennedy Road. The first was in 1899, and the second occurred on 12 June 1966[3]. Sir George Des Voeux Sir George William Des Voeux, GCMG (Chinese Translated Name 德輔) (22 September 1834 - 15 December 1909) was a British colonial governor who served as Governor of Fiji (1880-1885), Newfoundland and Labrador (1886-1887), and Hong Kong (1887-1891). ... // The term steam engine may also refer to an entire railroad steam locomotive. ... For other places with the same name, see Victoria Peak (disambiguation). ... For other places with the same name, see Victoria Peak (disambiguation). ... Bowen Road (寶雲道) is a road from the Mid-levels to Wong Nai Chung Gap of Hong Kong Island, on the slope above Central, Wan Chai and Happy Valley in Hong Kong. ... Kennedy Road (堅尼地道) is a road in the Mid-levels on the Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong. ...

Peak Tram stop, c.1890
Peak Tram stop, c.1890

In 1926 the steam engine was replaced by an electric motor. On December 11, 1941, during the Battle of Hong Kong, the engine room was damaged in an attack. Service was not resumed until December 25, 1945, after the end of the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong.[4] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other kinds of motors, see motor. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... Combatants British Army Canadian Army British Indian Army Royal Hong Kong Regiment Imperial Japanese Army Commanders Mark Aitchison Young Christopher Michael Maltby Sakai Takashi Strength 15,000 troops 50,000 troops Casualties 4,500 killed 8,500 POWs 706 killed 1,534 wounded Pacific campaigns 1941-42 Pearl Harbor – Thailand... is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Japanese occupation of Hong Kong began after the Governor of Hong Kong, Sir Mark Young surrendered the territory of Hong Kong to Japan on 25 December 1941 after 18 days of fierce fighting between British and Canadian defenders against Japanese Imperial forces. ...


In 1956 the Peak Tram was equipped with a new generation of lightweight metal bodied cars, each of which seated 62-seat passengers. Unusually for a funicular line, three such cars were provided, only two of which were in use at any one time. The third spare car was kept in a car shed near Kennedy Road station.[4] A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The system was comprehensively rebuilt in 1989 by the Swiss company Von Roll, with new track, a computerized control system and two new two-car trams with a capacity of 120 passengers per tram. By the time of the handover in 1997, it carried some 2 million passengers annually[3]. Today, more than 4 million people ride the Peak Tram annually, or an average of over 11,000 every day.[4] Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Von Roll was a Swiss aerial tramway manufacturing company, it was taken over by Austrian manufacturers. ... The transfer of the sovereignty of Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to China, often referred to as The Handover, occurred on July 1, 1997. ...


Technology

The Tramways operated on the principle of two coaches moving in opposite directions balancing each other; at the same time they were aided by a motor driven cable. Except for the middle section, where the two coaches pass each other in a dual-track configuration, there is a single track for most of the length of the tramway.


The line has the following technical parameters:[5]

  • Length: 1364 metres
  • Height: 368 metres
  • Maximum Steepness: 48%
  • Track Gradient: 4 ~ 27 degrees
  • Cars: 2 2-car train sets
  • Capacity: 120 passengers per train set
  • Configuration: Single track with passing loop
  • Journey time: 4.9 minutes
  • Maximum speed: 6 metres per second
  • Track gauge: 4'11.85" foot (1520 mm)
  • Traction: Electricity

Gallery

See also

Hong Kong has a highly developed and sophisticated transportation network, encompassing both public and private transport. ... Several tourists looking at the night view of the Victoria Harbour at Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong. ... Other Hong Kong topics Culture - Economy Education - History - Politics Hong Kong Portal This is a list of buildings and structures in Hong Kong. ... Peak Reservation Ordinance (1904-1930) was a law passed by the British colonial government in Colonial Hong Kong that restricted Chinese citizens from living on Victoria Peak. ...

References

  1. ^ The Hongkong and Shanghai Hotels - Peak Tramways. The Hongkong and Shanghai Hotels, Limited. Retrieved on March 13, 2007.
  2. ^ The Peak. The Peak. Retrieved on March 13, 2007.
  3. ^ a b c d e Eric Cavaliero, Grand old lady to turn 110, July 24, 1997
  4. ^ a b c d Peak Tram History. The Peak Hong Kong. Retrieved on March 13, 2007.
  5. ^ Peak Tramway. Funiculars.net. Retrieved on March 13, 2007.

is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Peak Tram
  • Official web site of the Peak Tram

Coordinates: 22°16′19.36″N, 114°9′17.52″E Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Hong Kong Local Travel - Victoria Peak Tram - Southeast Asia (290 words)
The Victoria Peak Tram is in operation seven days a week, including holidays.
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