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Encyclopedia > Peafowl
Peafowl
Indian Blue Peacock
Indian Blue Peacock
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Genus: Pavo
Linnaeus, 1758

Species

Pavo cristatus
Pavo muticus
Peacock may be one of the following: Biological: A male Peafowl, or sometimes any peafowl Peacock butterfly Red sandalwood tree - sometimes called peacock flower fence Natural: Peacock Hills, Canada Peacock Peak, Arizona, USA Peacock Sound, Antarctica Peacock ore - bornite People: Bertram Peacock - US singer J.T. Peacock - US bowler, 1907... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1067x1600, 1092 KB) Peacock front view, Melbourne Zoo If you are a (commercial) publisher and you want me to write you an email or paper mail giving you an authorization to use my works in your products or a license with... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... For other uses, see Bird (disambiguation). ... Families Megapodidae Numididae Odontophoridae Phasianidae Meleagrididae Tetraonidae Cracidae Mesitornithidae The Galliformes is an order of birds containing the turkeys, grouse, quails and pheasants. ... The Phasianidae is a family of birds which consists of the pheasants and their allies. ... species The genus Pavo Linnaeus, 1758 consist of two species of spectaculary plumaged pheasants with highly elongated and elaborated trains, decorated with metallic ocelli. ... Carl Linnaeus, Latinized as Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 13, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ...

The term peafowl can refer to the two species of bird in the genus Pavo of the pheasant family, Phasianidae. The African Congo Peafowl is placed in its own genus Afropavo and is not dealt with here. Peafowl are best known for the male's extravagant tail, which it displays as part of courtship. The male is called a peacock, the female a peahen[1], though it is common to hear the female also referred to as a "peacock" or "female peacock". The female peafowl is brown or toned grey and brown. For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Bird (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Genus (disambiguation). ... Genera Ithaginis Catreus Rheinartia Crossoptilon Lophura Argusianus Pucrasia Syrmaticus Chrysolophus Phasianus † See also partridge, quail Pheasants are a group of large birds in the order Galliformes. ... The hierarchy of scientific classification In biological classification, family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is a rank, or a taxon in that rank. ... The Phasianidae is a family of birds which consists of the pheasants and their allies. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Binomial name Afropavo congensis Chapin, 1936 The Congo Peafowl, Afropavo congensis is a species of peafowl. ... A scorpion tail The tail is the section at the rear end of an animals body; in general, the term refers to a distinct, flexible appendage to the torso. ... Suitor redirects here. ...


The two species are:

The Indian Peafowl is a resident breeder in the Indian subcontinent. The peacock is designated as the national bird of India. Binomial name Pavo cristatus Linnaeus, 1758 The Indian Peafowl, Pavo cristatus also known as the Common Peafowl or the Blue Peafowl is one of the species of bird in the genus Pavo of the Phasianidae family known as peafowl. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1766 Subspecies Linnaeus, 1766 Shaw, 1804 Delacour, 1949 The Green Peafowl, Pavo muticus, also known as the Dragonbird, is a large member of the Galliformes order. ... Map of South Asia (see note) This article deals with the geophysical region in Asia. ...


The Green Peafowl breeds from Myanmar east to Java. The IUCN lists the Green Peafowl as vulnerable to extinction due to hunting and a reduction in extent and quality of habitat. Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... The World Conservation Union or International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ...

Contents

Taxonomy

The Indian Peafowl is monotypic, while the Green Peafowl has 3 subspecies, P. muticus spicifer, P. m imperator and the nominate P. m. muticus.[2] Monotypic is an adjective, that refers to a taxonomic group with only one type: in botany it means that a taxon has only one species; Ginkgo is a monotypic genus, while Ginkgoaceae is a monotypic family. ...


The two species are largely allopatric but will hybridise in captivity. Allopatric speciation (also known as Allopatry) is speciation by geographical isolation. ...


While the form of Green Peafowl in Yunnan is not separated taxonomically, it differs in a few aspects from other forms, particularly in its forest-dwelling habits, an "odd, monal-like bill", a curiously long hind toe and longer, more slender wings (K. B. Woods in litt. 2000) [2]. Some have suggested this is a new subspecies.


Some pheasant breeders have suggested that the Green Peafowl may have more subspecies.[3][4]


Peafowl have sometimes been included in a distinct family from Pheasants [3].

Green Peafowl
Green Peafowl

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixel Image in higher resolution (3888 × 2592 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixel Image in higher resolution (3888 × 2592 pixel, file size: 2. ...

Plumage

The male (peacock) Indian Peafowl has iridescent blue-green or green coloured plumage. The so-called "tail" of the peacock, also termed the "train", is not the tail quill feathers but highly elongated upper tail coverts. The train feathers have a series of eyes that are best seen when the tail is fanned. Both species have a head crest.


The female (peahen) Indian Peafowl has a mixture of dull green, brown, and grey in her plumage. She lacks the long upper tail coverts of the male but has a crest. Females can also display their plumage to ward off danger to their young or other female competition.


The Green Peafowl is very different in appearance to the Indian Peafowl. The male has green and gold plumage and has an erect crest. The wings are black with a sheen of blue.


Unlike the Indian Peafowl, the Green Peahen is very similar to the male, only having shorter upper tail coverts and less iridesence. It is very hard to tell a juvenile male from an adult female.


Many of the brilliant colours of the peacock plumage are due to an optical interference phenomenon (Bragg reflection) based on (nearly) periodic nanostructures found in the barbules (fiber-like components) of the feathers. For other uses, see Interference (disambiguation). ... In physics, Braggs law is the result of experiments into the diffraction of X-rays or neutrons off crystal surfaces at certain angles, derived by physicists Sir W.H. Bragg and his son Sir W.L. Bragg in 1912, and first presented on 1912-11-11 to the Cambridge... Barbules are a part of the tree formed by feathers : the trunk, or axis, being the rachis and the barbs the main boughs, barbules are the secondary branches. ...


Different colours correspond to different length scales of the periodic structures. For brown feathers, a mixture of red and blue is required: one color is created by the periodic structure, and the other is a created by a Fabry-Perot interference peak from reflections off the outermost and innermost boundaries of the periodic structure. A Fabry-Perot etalon. ...


Such interference-based structural color is especially important in producing the peacock's iridescent hues (which shimmer and change with viewing angle), since interference effects depend upon the angle of light, unlike chemical pigments.


Behaviour

A rear view of an Indian Blue Peacock's tail feathers
A rear view of an Indian Blue Peacock's tail feathers

The peafowl are forest birds that nest on the ground. The Pavo peafowl are terrestrial feeders but roost in trees. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1067x1600, 1079 KB) Peacock rear, Melbourne Zoo If you are a (commercial) publisher and you want me to write you an email or paper mail giving you an authorization to use my works in your products or a license with the... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1067x1600, 1079 KB) Peacock rear, Melbourne Zoo If you are a (commercial) publisher and you want me to write you an email or paper mail giving you an authorization to use my works in your products or a license with the...


Both species of Peafowl are believed to be polygamous. However, it has been suggested that "females" entering a male Green Peafowl's territory [4] are really his own juvenile or subadult young (K. B. Woods in litt. 2000) and that Green Peafowl are really monogamous in the wild. Those who subscribe to this notion cite the similarities between the sexes. Polygamy, literally many marriages in ancient Greek, is a marital practice in which a person has more than one spouse simultaneously (as opposed to monogamy where each person has a maximum of one spouse at any one time). ...


During mating season they will often emit a very loud high pitched cry.


Diet

Peafowl are omnivorous and eat plant parts, flower petals, seed heads, insects and other arthropods, reptiles, and amphibians.


In common with other members of the Galliformes, males possess metatarsal spurs or "thorns" used primarily during intraspecific fights. Families Megapodidae Numididae Odontophoridae Phasianidae Meleagrididae Tetraonidae Cracidae Mesitornithidae The Galliformes is an order of birds containing the turkeys, grouse, quails and pheasants. ... Intraspecific antagonism means a disharmonious or antagonistic interaction between two individuals of the same species. ...


Habitat

Asiatic peafowl like the Indian Blue Peafowl and especially the Green Peafowl occupy a similar niche as the roadrunners, secretary bird, and seriema. All of these birds hunt for small animals including arthropods on the ground and tall grass and minnows in shallow streams. Species “Roadrunner” redirects here. ... Binomial name Sagittarius serpentarius (Miller,JF, 1779) The Secretary Bird, Sagittarius serpentarius, is an extraordinary member of the bird of prey family. ... Genera and species Cariama cristata Chunga burmeisteri The Seriemas are a small and ancient family of tropical South American birds, belonging to the family Cariamidae, that are related to the rails and bustards. ... Subphyla and Classes Subphylum Trilobitomorpha Trilobita - trilobites (extinct) Subphylum Chelicerata Arachnida - spiders,scorpions, etc. ... Look up minnow in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Because of human encroachment into their natural territories, peafowl and humans have come into increasing contact. Because of their natural beauty some are reluctant to classify the birds as pests, but their presence can be disturbing.


Peafowl as national symbols

The Peacock has been used by many nations as a national symbol.

  • The Peacock is the national bird of India.
  • Though the national bird of Myanmar is the Grey Peacock-pheasant, the Peacock is still a prominent symbol of Myanmar. The Dancing Peacock (the Peacock in courtship or in display of his feathers) was numerously featured in Myanmar monarchic flags as well as other nationalist symbols in the country such as coins, medals and emblems[5]. Early 20th century Myanmar banknotes also featured Peacocks[6]. The Fighting Peacock, as symbolic representation, is also associated with decades long democratic struggle against military dictatorship in the country. The latter closely resembles a Green Peafowl, as it has a tufted crest.

Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Subspecies Linnaeus, 1758 Common Grey Peacock-pheasant Rothschild, 1906 Hainan Grey Peacock-pheasant Delacour & Jabouille, 1924 Ghigis Grey Peacock-pheasant Lowe, 1925 Lowes Grey Peacock-pheasant Lowe, 1925 Northern Grey Peacock-pheasant Synonyms Pavo bicalcaratus Linnaeus, 1758 Polyplectron chinquis The Grey Peacock-pheasant, Polyplectron...

Gallery

Indian Peafowl

Green Peafowl

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1766 Subspecies Linnaeus, 1766 Shaw, 1804 Delacour, 1949 The Green Peafowl, Pavo muticus, also known as the Dragonbird, is a large member of the Galliformes order. ... Binomial name Pavo cristatus Linnaeus, 1758 The Indian Peafowl, Pavo cristatus also known as the Common Peafowl or the Blue Peafowl is one of the species of bird in the genus Pavo of the Phasianidae family known as peafowl. ... The handicap principle is an idea proposed by the Israeli biologist Amotz Zahavi. ... Tournament species in zoology are those species in which members of one sex (usually males) compete in order to mate. ... Hera/Juno, offered the head of Argus by Hermes, places his eyes in the peacocks tail, in a decoration by Jacopo Amigoni (ca 1682 - 1752) In Greek mythology, Argus Panoptes, brother to the nymph Io, was a giant with a hundred eyes. ... NBC has used numerous logos at various times; this article shows all of its television logos, including the peacock design (originally for color broadcasts only) that led to it being nicknamed the Peacock network and eventually became its logo. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9058859/peacock
  2. ^ Madge, S. and P. McGowan (2002) Pheasants, Partridges and Grouse ISBN 0-7136-3966-0
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ PDF in German
  5. ^ Myanmar flag and emblems
  6. ^ Kate's paper money: Burma

External links

Look up Peafowl in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Peafowl (1938 words)
Since peafowl are members of the pheasant family, their diet should be structured with this in mind rather than feeding them like a person would feed a chicken.
The housing requirements for peafowl are dictated by the age of the birds.
Peafowl are very hardy birds but there are a few preventive steps that can be taken to insure the health of the birds.
sociology - Peafowl (1321 words)
Peafowl are an ancient and isolated group of largely terrestrial Galliform birds belonging to the Pavoninidae.
Peafowl differ from pheasants but are similar to monals and tragopans in their ability to climb altitudinally on the wing so that they may have sufficient lift to enable soaring.
Peafowl are capable of reproducing at the age of 2.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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