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Encyclopedia > Pavlovsk

Pavlovsk (Russian: Павловск) is a town situated in the Leningrad oblast, Russia, 30 km from St. Petersburg, just to the south of Tsarskoe Selo. The town developed around the Pavlovsk Palace, one of the most splendid residences of the Russian imperial family. Pop. (2003) is 25000. Leningrad Oblast (Russian: Ленингра́дская о́бласть; tr. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Tsarskoye Selo (Царское Село in Russian, may be translated as “Tsar’s Village”), a former residence of the royal families and visiting nobility 24 km south of St. ... A dwelling is a structure in which humans or other animals live. ... 2003 (MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The palace of Pavel I

View of the palace and park in 1808.
View of the palace and park in 1808.

The town's history started in 1777 when Catherine II granted some 362 desyatinas of land along the Slavyanka river to her son Paul upon the birth of his first child. The name Pavlovsk derives from Paul's name in Russian, Pavel. View of the Pavlovsk palace park in 1808. ... View of the Pavlovsk palace park in 1808. ... 1777 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... H.I.M. Yekaterina II Alexeyevna the Great, Empress and Autocrat of all the Russias Catherine II (Russian: , tr. ... Obsolete Russian weights and measures were used in Imperial Russia and after the Russian Revolution until they were replaced in the Soviet Union by a metric system in 1924. ... Paul I of Russia by Vladimir Borovikovsky Paul I of Russia (Russian: Pavel Petrovich, Павел I Петрович) (October 1, 1754 - March 23, 1801) was an Emperor (Tsar) of Russia (1796 - 1801). ...


In 1780, the fashionable Scottish architect Charles Cameron was made responsible for construction activities in Pavlovsk. His Neoclassical design for the Grand Palace was approved by Paul two years later. Around the palace a huge English park was laid out, with numerous temples, collonades, bridges, and statues. 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Transport in Scotland Timeline of Scottish history Caledonia List of not fully sovereign nations Subdivisions of Scotland National parks (Scotland) Traditional music of Scotland Flower of Scotland Wars of Scottish Independence National Trust for Scotland Historic houses in Scotland Castles in Scotland Museums in Scotland Abbeys and priories in Scotland... Cameron Gallery in Tsarskoe Selo Charles Cameron (1730s-1812) was a Scottish architect who introduced the Adam style into Russian architecture. ... Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population - Total (mid-2004) - Density Ranked 1st UK 50. ... An Australian park A park is any of a number of geographic features. ...


When Paul ascended the throne as Paul I in 1796, a settlement near the palace was large enough to be incorporated as city. After Paul's death the palace was proclaimed a residence of his widow, Maria Feodorovna. Then it passed to the Konstantinovichi branch of the Romanov dynasty. 1796 was a leap year starting on Friday. ... Portrait of Maria Fyodorovna in 1777 by Alexander Roslin Sophie Marie Dorothea Auguste Louise of Württemberg or Maria Fyodorovna (Russian: )(October 25, 1759 - November 5, 1828) the second wife of Tsar Paul I of Russia. ... The House of Romanov (Рома́нов, pronounced Ro-MAH-nof), the second and last royal dynasty of Russia, which ruled Muscovy and the Russian Empire for five generations from 1613 to 1762. ...


Later history

A small fort was built in Pavlovsk for amusement of Paul I.
A small fort was built in Pavlovsk for amusement of Paul I.

Prior to the revolution, Pavlovsk was a favourite summer retreat for well-to-do inhabitants of the Russian capital. The life of Pavlovsk dachniki was described by Dostoyevsky in his novel The Idiot. A fort in Pavlovsk, 19th century This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... A fort in Pavlovsk, 19th century This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Fyodor Dostoevsky. ... Pevear and Volokhonsky translation of The Idiot The Idiot is a novel written by the Russian writer Fyodor Dostoevsky in 1869. ...


To facilitate transportation, the first railway in Russia was opened between St Petersburg and Pavlovsk on October 10, 1837. The railway station was used as a sort of concert hall, with Johann Strauss II, Franz Liszt, and Robert Schumann among many celebrities that performed there. The impressive 'Vauxhall Pavilion' is also used to attract customers to the railway line. Strauss' finer pieces result around the time he held his concerts there. October 10 is the 283rd day of the year (284th in Leap years). ... 1837 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street Station in 1865. ... Johann Strauss II The Waltz King coming to life in the Stadtpark, Vienna Johann Strauss II (or Johann Strauss the Younger, or Johann Strauss Jr. ... Franz Liszt (Hungarian: Liszt Ferenc) (October 22, 1811 – July 31, 1886) was a Hungarian virtuoso pianist and composer. ... Robert Schumann (June 8, 1810 – July 29, 1856) was a German composer and pianist. ... Vauxhall is an inner city area of south London in the London Borough of Lambeth. ...


The Pavlovsk palace is probably the best preserved of Russian imperial residences outside the capital. The sumptious neoclassical interiour of the palace was faithfully restored after the great fire in 1803. A damage sustained by the palace during the German occupation in 1941-43, though considerable, was not so devastating as in the case of Peterhof and Tsarskoe Selo. 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... Peterhof: the Samson Fountain and Sea Channel Peterhof, (originally Piterhof, Dutch: Peters Court) is a series of palaces and gardens, laid out on the orders of Tsar Peter the Great, and sometimes called the Russian Versailles. It is located about 20 km west and 6 km south of St...


External links

  • Official website about the Pavlovsk palace
  • The palace of Pavlovsk
  • Pavlovsk - a Gardens Guide review
  • Autumnal views of Pavlovsk

  Results from FactBites:
 
The St. Petersburg Times - Arts + Features - rebuilding pavlovsk on the quiet (1320 words)
Sergey Gutzait is a high-profile personality in Pavlovsk, the small, picturesque St. Petersburg suburb famous for its palace and park.
Pavlovsk is named for Catherine the Great's son, Paul I, who made it his home.
Among the architectural highlights of Pavlovsk's park is a classical yellow pavilion with white columns.
Pavlovsk (599 words)
The town of Pavlovsk which is famous for its palace and park ensemble is located 26 kilometers to the south of Saint Petersburg.
It was founded in 1777, at the time when empress Catherine II granted her son, Grand Prince Pavel Petrovich, court hunting grounds situated on the bank of the Slavyanka river.
One of the remarkable architectural sights of Pavlovsk is the Temple of Friendship the flat dome of which rests on 60 columns.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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