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Encyclopedia > Paul Painlevé
Paul Painlevé, French politician

Paul Painlevé (December 5, 1863October 29, 1933, both at Paris, France) was a French mathematician and politician. He served twice as Prime Minister of the Third Republic: September 12November 13, 1917 and April 17November 22, 1925. This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... October 29 is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 63 days remaining. ... 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... France - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... France - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... A mathematician is a person whose area of study and research is mathematics. ... The Prime Minister of France (Premier ministre de la France) is the functional head of the Cabinet of France. ... The French Third Republic, (in French, Troisième Republique, sometimes written as IIIème Republique) ( 1870/ 75- 1940/ 46), was the governing body of France between the Second French Empire and the Fourth Republic. ... September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... November 13 is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 48 days remaining. ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January-May January 3 - Benito Mussolini announces he is taking dictatorial powers over Italy. ...

Contents

Early life

Brought up within a family of skilled artisans (his father was a draughtsman) Painlevé showed early promise across the range of elementary studies and was initially attracted by either an engineering or political career. However, he finally entered the École Normale Supérieure in 1883 to study mathematics, receiving his doctorate in 1887 following a period of study at Göttingen, Germany with Felix Klein and Herrmann Amandus Schwarz. Intending an academic career he became professor at Lisle, returning to Paris in 1892 to teach at the Sorbonne, École Polytechnique and later at the College de France and the École Normale Supérieure. He was elected a member of the Académie des Sciences in 1900. This is about drafting, the art and science of technical drawing. ... Engineering is the application of science to the needs of humanity. ... Events January January 16 - The United States Civil service, is passed January 19 - The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires begins service (Roselle, New Jersey) It was built by Thomas Edison. ... Mathematics is commonly defined as the study of patterns of structure, change, and space; more informally, one might say it is the study of figures and numbers. Mathematical knowledge is constantly growing, through research and application, but mathematics itself is not usually considered a natural science. ... 1887 is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar). ... Map of Germany showing Göttingen 1 External links Coat of Arms University of Göttingen Top: The old Auditorium Maximum (1862-65) Bottom: New library building Göttingen is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... The Federal Republic of Germany ( German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is one of the worlds leading industrialised countries, located in the heart of Europe. ... Felix Christian Klein (April 25, 1849 – June 22, 1925) was a German mathematician. ... Lisle is either: Lisle, Illinois, United States Lisle (town), New York, United States Lisle (village), New York, United States A last name of French origin which was originally contracted from LIsle upon an immigrants arrival at Ellis Island. ... The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Sorbonne, Paris, in a 17th century engraving The Sorbonne today, from the same point of view The historic University of Paris (French: Université de Paris) first appeared in the second half of the 12th century, but was in 1970 reorganized as 13 autonomous universities (University of Paris I–XIII). ... The cadets of Polytechnique rushed to the defense of Paris against the foreign armies in 1814. ... The Coll ge de France is a higher education teaching and research establishment located in Paris, France. ... The French Academy of Sciences (Académie des sciences) is a learned society, founded in 1666 by Louis XIV at the suggestion of Jean_Baptiste Colbert, to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research. ... 1900 is a common year starting on Monday. ...


He married Marguerite Petit de Villeneuve in 1901. Marguerite died during the birth of their son in the following year. 1901 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


Painlevé's mathematical work on differential equations led him to encounter their application to the theory of flight and, as ever, his broad interest in engineering topics fostered an enthusiasm for the emerging field of aviation. In 1908, he became Wilbur Wright's first airplane passenger in France and in 1909 created the first university course in aeronautics. In mathematics, a differential equation is an equation in which the derivatives of a function appear as variables. ... Aviation or Air transport refers to the activities surrounding mechanical flight and the aircraft industry. ... 1908 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Wilbur Wright (April 16, 1867 - May 30, 1912), the elder of the Wright brothers, seen as one of the fathers of heavier-than-air flight. ... France - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... 1909 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Aeronautics is the science and practice of aerial locomotion, i. ...


Mathematical work

It is well known that differential equations can be solved using the elementary algebraic operations, and trigonometric and exponential functions (sometimes called elementary transcendental functions). It is further known that all linear second order differential equations can be solved using these functions plus the special functions (sometimes called higher transcendental functions). Painlevé showed, that in order to solve nonlinear first order differential equations, all that was needed in addition was 12, at that point unspecified, functions subsequently named Painlevé transcendents. In mathematics, a differential equation is an equation in which the derivatives of a function appear as variables. ... In mathematics, the trigonometric functions are functions of an angle, important when studying triangles and modeling periodic phenomena. ... The exponential function is one of the most important functions in mathematics. ... In mathematics, there is a theory or theories of special functions, particular functions such as the trigonometric functions that have useful or attractive properties, and which occur in different applications often enough to warrant a name and attention of their own. ... To do: 20th century mathematics chaos theory, fractals Lyapunov stability and non-linear control systems non-linear video editing See also: Aleksandr Mikhailovich Lyapunov Dynamical system External links http://www. ...


First period as French Prime Minister

Painlevé took his aviation interests, along with those in naval and military matters, with him when he became, in 1906, Deputy for Paris's Fifth Arrondissement, the so-called Latin Quarter. By 1910, he had vacated his academic posts and World War I led to his active participation in military committees, joining Aristide Briand's cabinet in 1915 as Minister for Public Instruction and Inventions. 1906 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... An arrondissement is an administrative division in some francophone countries: France Paris Main article: Arrondissements of Paris The city of Paris, in France is divided into 20 arrondissements. ... The Quartier Latin (Latin Quarter) is an area in the 5th arrondissement of Paris, France, around the Sorbonne University. ... 1910 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Aristide Briand, French politician Aristide Briand (March 28, 1862 - March 7, 1932) was a French statesman. ... 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


On his appointment as War Minister in March 1917 he was immediately called upon to give his approval, albeit with some misgivings, to Robert Georges Nivelle's wildly optimistic plans for a breakthrough offensive in Champagne. Painlevé reacted to the disastrous public failure of the plan by dismissing Nivelle and controversially replacing him with Henri Philippe Pétain. 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Champagne is one of the traditional provinces of France, a region of France that is best known for the production of the sparkling white wine that bears the regions name. ...


On September 7, 1917, Prime Minister Alexandre Ribot lost the support of the Socialists and Painlevé was called upon to form a new government. September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Alexandre Ribot, French politician Alexandre-Félix-Joseph Ribot (February 7, 1842 - January 13, 1923) was a French statesman, four times Prime Minister. ... For information on mainstream political parties using the term Socialist, see Social democracy and Democratic socialism, For the governments of the USSR, the PRC, and others, see: Communist state, Other variants of Socialism include Marxism, Communism, and Libertarian Socialism. ...


Painlevé was a leading voice at the Rapallo conference which led to the establishment of the Supreme Allied Council, a consultative body of allied powers that anticipated the unified Allied command finally established in the following year. He appointed Ferdinand Foch as French representative knowing that he was the natural Allied commander. On Painlevé's return to Paris he was defeated and resigned on November 13, 1917 to be succeeded by Georges Clemenceau. Foch was finally made commander in chief of all Allied armies on the Western and Italian fronts in May 1918. The Rapallo Conference was convened by the allied powers of World War I, on 1917- 11-05 in Rapallo, Italy, following their defeat by Germany at the Battle of Caporetto. ... In general, allies are people or groups that have joined an alliance and are working together to achieve some common purpose. ... Ferdinand Foch ( October 2, 1851 – March 20, 1929) was a French soldier. ... The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... November 13 is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 48 days remaining. ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Georges Clemenceau (September 28, 1841 - November 24, 1929) was a French doctor, journalist and statesman. ... Ferdinand Foch ( October 2, 1851 – March 20, 1929) was a French soldier. ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


Second period as French Prime Minister

Enlarge
Cover of Time Magazine w/ Aristide Briand (November 9, 1925)

Painlevé then played little active role in politics until the election of November 1919 when he emerged as a leftist critic of the right-wing Bloc National. By the time the next election approached in May 1924 his collaboration with Edouard Herriot, a fellow member of Briand's 1915 cabinet, had led to the formation of the Cartel des Gauches. Winning the election, Herriot became Prime Minister in June, while Painlevé became President of the Chamber of Deputies. Though Painlevé ran for President of France in 1924 he was defeated by Gaston Doumergue. Herriot's administration publicly recognised the Soviet Union, accepted the Dawes Plan and agreed to evacuate the Ruhr. However, a financial crisis arose from the ensuing devaluation of the franc and in April 1925, Herriot fell and Painlevé became Prime Minister for a second time on April 17. Unfortunately, he was unable to offer convincing remedies for the financial problems and was forced to resign on November 21. 1919 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1924 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | 1872 births | 1957 deaths | Members of the Académie française | Prime ministers of France | Alumni of the École Normale Supérieure ... Aristide Briand, French politician Aristide Briand (March 28, 1862 - March 7, 1932) was a French statesman. ... 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | 1872 births | 1957 deaths | Members of the Académie française | Prime ministers of France | Alumni of the École Normale Supérieure ... The President of France, known officially as the President of the Republic (Président de la République in French), is Frances elected Head of State. ... 1924 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Gaston Doumergue, French statesman Pierre-Paul-Henri-Gaston Doumergue (August 11, 1863 at Aigues-Vives, France-June 18, 1937 at Aigues-Vives, France) was a French politician of the Third Republic. ... Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | 1872 births | 1957 deaths | Members of the Académie française | Prime ministers of France | Alumni of the École Normale Supérieure ... The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) .( Russian: Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик (СССР)  listen?; tr. ... The Dawes Plan was presented in 1924 by the committee headed by Charles G. Dawes to the Reparations Commission of the Allied nations. ... The period of German history from 1919 to 1933 is known as the Weimar Republic (Pronounced Vye-Mar, and in German it is known as the Weimarer Republik). It is named after the city of Weimar, where a national assembly convened to produce a new constitution after the German monarchy... The franc is the name of several currency units. ... Events January-May January 3 - Benito Mussolini announces he is taking dictatorial powers over Italy. ... Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | 1872 births | 1957 deaths | Members of the Académie française | Prime ministers of France | Alumni of the École Normale Supérieure ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


Later political career

Following Painlevé's resignation, Briand formed a new government with Painlevé as Minister for War. Though Briand was defeated by Raymond Poincaré in 1926, Painlevé continued in office. Poincaré stabilised the franc with a return to the gold standard, but ultimately acceded power to Briand. Painlevé remained in office as Minister for War until July 1929. Aristide Briand, French politician Aristide Briand (March 28, 1862 - March 7, 1932) was a French statesman. ... Aristide Briand, French politician Aristide Briand (March 28, 1862 - March 7, 1932) was a French statesman. ... 1926 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Gold standard - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Aristide Briand, French politician Aristide Briand (March 28, 1862 - March 7, 1932) was a French statesman. ... 1929 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Though he was proposed for President of France in 1932, Painlevé withdrew before the election. He became Minister of Air later that year, making proposals for an international treaty to ban the manufacture of bomber aircraft and to establish an international air force to enforce global peace. On the fall of the government in January 1933, his political career ended. He died in Paris in October of the same year. The President of France, known officially as the President of the Republic (Président de la République in French), is Frances elected Head of State. ... 1932 is a leap year starting on a Friday. ... 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ...


Painlevé's First Government, September 12November 16, 1917

  • Paul Painlevé - President of the Council and Minister of War
  • Alexandre Ribot - Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Louis Loucheur - Minister of Armaments and War Manufacturing
  • Théodore Steeg - Minister of the Interior
  • Louis Lucien Klotz - Minister of Finance
  • André Renard - Minister of Labour and Social Security Provisions
  • Raoul Péret - Minister of Justice
  • Charles Chaumet - Minister of Marine
  • Charles Daniel-Vincent - Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts
  • Fernand David - Minister of Agriculture
  • Maurice Long - Minister of General Supply
  • René Besnard - Minister of Colonies
  • Albert Claveille - Minister of Public Works and Transport
  • Étienne Clémentel - Minister of Commerce, Industry, Posts, and Telegraphs
  • Louis Barthou - Minister of State
  • Léon Bourgeois - Minister of State
  • Paul Doumer - Minister of State
  • Jean Dupuy - Minister of State

Changes' September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Alexandre Ribot, French politician Alexandre-Félix-Joseph Ribot (February 7, 1842 - January 13, 1923) was a French statesman, four times Prime Minister. ... Louis-Lucien Klotz was the French Minister of Finance during World War I. Categories: French politicians ... Categories: Stub | 1862 births | 1934 deaths | Members of the Académie française | Prime ministers of France ... French politician Léon Bourgeois Léon Victor Auguste Bourgeois (May 21, 1851 - September 29, 1925) was a French statesman. ... Categories: Stub | 1857 births | 1932 deaths | Presidents of France ...

September 27 is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 95 days remaining. ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... October 23 is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 69 days remaining. ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Categories: Stub | 1862 births | 1934 deaths | Members of the Académie française | Prime ministers of France ...

Painlevé's Second Ministry, April 17October 29, 1925

  • Paul Painlevé - President of the Council and Minister of War
  • Aristide Briand - Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Abraham Schrameck - Minister of the Interior
  • Joseph Caillaux - Minister of Finance
  • Antoine Durafour - Minister of Labour, Hygiene, Welfare Work, and Social Security Provisions
  • Théodore Steeg - Minister of Justice
  • Émile Borel - Minister of Marine
  • Anatole de Monzie - Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts.
  • Louis Antériou - Minister of Pensions
  • Jean Durand - Minister of Agriculture
  • Orly André-Hesse - Minister of Colonies
  • Pierre Laval - Minister of Public Works
  • Charles Chaumet - Minister of Commerce and Industry

Changes April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... October 29 is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 63 days remaining. ... Events January-May January 3 - Benito Mussolini announces he is taking dictatorial powers over Italy. ... Aristide Briand, French politician Aristide Briand (March 28, 1862 - March 7, 1932) was a French statesman. ... Categories: Stub | 1863 births | 1944 deaths | Prime ministers of France ... Anatole de Monzie (1876 - 1947) was a French administrator, encyclopaedist, political figure and scholar. ... Pierre Laval, prime minister of Vichy France Pierre Laval (June 28, 1883 - October 15, 1945) was a French politician and thrice Prime Minister of France, the final time being under the Vichy government. ...

October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in Leap years). ... Events January-May January 3 - Benito Mussolini announces he is taking dictatorial powers over Italy. ... Anatole de Monzie (1876 - 1947) was a French administrator, encyclopaedist, political figure and scholar. ...

Painlevé's Third Ministry, October 29November 28, 1925

  • Paul Painlevé - President of the Council and Minister of Finance
  • Aristide Briand - Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Édouard Daladier - Minister of War
  • Abraham Schrameck - Minister of the Interior
  • Georges Bonnet - Minister of Budget
  • Antoine Durafour - Minister of Labour, Hygiene, Welfare Work, and Social Security Provisions
  • Camille Chautemps - Minister of Justice
  • Émile Borel - Minister of Marine
  • Yvon Delbos - Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts
  • Louis Antériou - Minister of Pensions
  • Jean Durand - Minister of Agriculture
  • Léon Perrier - Minister of Colonies
  • Anatole de Monazie - Minister of Public Works
  • Charles Daniel-Vincent - Minister of Commerce and Industry
Preceded by:
Alexandre Ribot
1917
Prime Ministers of France
1917
Followed by:
Georges Clemenceau
1917-1920
Preceded by:
Edouard Herriot
1924-1925
Prime Ministers of France
1925
Followed by:
Aristide Briand
1925-1926

 
 

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