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Encyclopedia > Paul Kurtz
Dr. Paul Kurtz
Dr. Paul Kurtz

Paul Kurtz (born December 21, 1925 in Newark, New Jersey) is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the University at Buffalo (SUNY), but is best known for his prominent role in the United States skeptical community. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 393 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1312 × 2000 pixel, file size: 368 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) photo of Paul Kurtz sent to me by his secretary for the Paul Kurtz Wikipedia article. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 393 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1312 × 2000 pixel, file size: 368 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) photo of Paul Kurtz sent to me by his secretary for the Paul Kurtz Wikipedia article. ... December 21 is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... Nickname: The Brick City Map of Newark in Essex County Coordinates: County Essex Founded/Incorporated 1666/1836  - Mayor Cory Booker, term of office 2006–2010 Area [1]    - City 67. ... University at Buffalo, The State University of New York (also known as University at Buffalo or simply UB) is a coeducational public research university, which has multiple campuses located in Buffalo and Amherst, New York, USA. Offering over 100 bachelors, 112 masters and 98 doctoral degrees, it is... The State University of New York (acronym SUNY; usually pronounced SOO-nee) is a system of public institutions of higher education in New York, United States. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


He is founder and chairman of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry, formerly the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal (CSICOP), the Council for Secular Humanism, the Center for Inquiry and Prometheus Books. The Committee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSI), formerly known as the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal (CSICOP) is a U.S. nonprofit organization whose stated purpose is to encourage the critical investigation of paranormal and fringe-science claims from a responsible, scientific point of view and... The Council for Secular Humanism (originally the Council for Democratic and Secular Humanism, or CODESH) regards itself as the only exclusively secular humanist organization in the USA. In 1980 CODESH issued A Secular Humanist Declaration. ... <drini ☎> 14:27, 15 August 2005 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Prometheus Books is a publishing company founded in August 1969 by Paul Kurtz and publishes scientific, educational, and popular books, especially those of a secular humanist or scientific skepticism nature. ...


He is editor in chief of Free Inquiry magazine, a publication of the Council for Secular Humanism. He was co-president of the International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU). He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and Humanist Laureate and president of the International Academy of Humanism. As a member of the American Humanist Association, he contributed to the writing of Humanist Manifesto II. The asteroid (6629) Kurtz was named in his honor. Free Inquiry is a bi-monthly journal of secular humanist opinion and commentary, published by the Council for Secular Humanism. ... Founded in Amsterdam in 1952, International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) is the sole world umbrella organisation [1] embracing Humanist, atheist, rationalist, secular, skeptic, Ethical Culture, freethought and similar organisations world-wide. ... The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is an organization that promotes cooperation between scientists, defends scientific freedom, encourages scientific responsibility and supports scientific education for the betterment of all humanity. ... The American Humanist Association (AHA) is a American Humanist group serving secular Humanism, but tending to favor Humanism as defined by the world body for Humanism, the IHEU. Founded in 1941, the AHA has served its members by initiating social reforms and other programs. ... Humanist Manifesto is the title of three manifestos laying out a secular humanist worldview. ... It has been suggested that minor planet be merged into this article or section. ...

Contents

Disillusioned with Communism

Kurtz received his bachelor's degree from New York University, and the Master's degree and Doctor of Philosophy degree from Columbia University. Kurtz was left-wing in his youth, but has said that serving in the United States Army in World War II taught him the dangers of ideology. He saw the Buchenwald and Dachau concentration camps after they were liberated, and became disillusioned with Communism when he encountered Russian slave laborers who had been taken to Nazi Germany by force but refused to return to the Soviet Union at the end of the war. A bachelors degree (Artium Baccalaureus, A.B. or B.A.) is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts for three, four, or in some cases and countries, five or six years. ... New York University (NYU) is a major research university in New York City. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate (or graduate) course of one to three years in duration. ... Doctor of Philosophy, abbreviated Ph. ... Columbia University is a private research university in the United States. ... “Leftism” redirects here. ... The United States Army is one of the armed forces of the United States and has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Slave laborers in the Buchenwald concentration camp (Elie Wiesel is second row, seventh from left). ... The main entrance just after the liberation Memorial at the camp, 1997. ... Piles of bodies in a liberated Nazi concentration camp in Germany Prior to and during World War II, Nazi Germany maintained concentration camps (Konzentrationslager, abbreviated KZ or KL) throughout the territories it controlled. ... Communism is an ideology that seeks to establish a classless, stateless social organization based on common ownership of the means of production. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933&#8211;1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ...


Secular humanism

Kurtz was largely responsible for the secularization of humanism. Before Kurtz embraced the term "secular humanism," which had received wide publicity through fundamentalist Christians in the 1980s, humanism was more widely perceived as a religion (or a pseudoreligion) that did not include the supernatural. This can be seen in the first article of the original Humanist Manifesto which refers to "Religious Humanists" and by Charles and Clara Potter's influential 1930 book Humanism: A New Religion. Secular humanism is a humanist philosophy that upholds reason, ethics, and justice, and specifically rejects the supernatural and the spiritual as warrants of moral reflection and decision-making. ... Pseudoreligion (or pseudotheology) is a generally pejorative term applied to a non-mainstream belief system or philosophy which is functionally similar to a religious practice, typically having a founder, principal text, liturgy and faith-based beliefs. ... Humanist Manifesto is the title of three manifestos laying out a humanist worldview published by the American Humanist Association (AHA). ...


Kurtz used the publicity generated by fundamentalist preachers to grow the membership of the Council for Secular Humanism, as well as strip the religious aspects found in the earlier humanist movement. The Council for Secular Humanism (originally the Council for Democratic and Secular Humanism, or CODESH) regards itself as the only exclusively secular humanist organization in the USA. In 1980 CODESH issued A Secular Humanist Declaration. ...


In 1999 Kurtz was given the International Humanist Award by the IHEU. The International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) is the world umbrella organization for humanist, ethical culture, rationalist, secular, and freethought groups. ...


Kurtz is the publisher of over 650 articles or reviews and has authored and edited over 40 books.


Kurtz believes that the nonreligious members of the community should take a positive view on life. Religious skepticism, according to Paul Kurtz, is only one aspect of the secular humanistic outlook. Kurtz coined the term eupraxsophy (originally eupraxophy) to refer to philosophies or lifestances such as secular humanism and Confucianism that do not rely on belief in the transcendent or supernatural. A eupraxsophy is a nonreligious lifestance or worldview emphasizing the importance of living an ethical and exuberant life, and relying on rational methods such as logic, observation and science (rather than faith, mysticism or revelation) toward that end. The word is based on the Greek words for "good practice and wisdom." Eupraxsophies, like religions, are cosmic in their outlook, but eschew the supernatural component of religion, avoiding the "transcendental temptation," as Kurtz puts it. Religious skepticism is a type of skepticism relating to religion, but should not be confused with atheism. ... Eupraxsophy (previously eupraxophy but updated) [1] is a nonreligious lifestance or worldview emphasizing the importance of living an ethical and exuberant life, and relying on rational methods such as logic, observation and science (rather than faith, mysticism or revelation) toward that end. ... This section does not cite its references or sources. ... Worldview is Chicago Public Radios daily international-affairs radio show, hosted by Jerome McDonnell. ... Ethics is a general term for what is often described as the science (study) of morality. In philosophy, ethical behavior is that which is good or right. ... Rational may be: the adjective for the state of rationality acting according to the philosophical principles of rationalism a mathematical term for certain numbers; the rational numbers the software company Rational Software; now owned by IBM, and formerly Rational Software Corporation This is a disambiguation page &#8212; a navigational aid... Logic, from Classical Greek λόγος logos (the word), is the study of the principles and criteria of valid inference and demonstration. ... Observation is an activity of a sapient or sentient living being (e. ... Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ... Faith has two general implications which can be implied either exclusively or mutually; To Trust: Believing a certain variable will act a specific way despite the potential influence of known or unknown change. ... Mysticism from the Greek μυστικός (mustikos) an initiate (of the Eleusinian Mysteries, μυστήρια (musteria) meaning initiation[1]) is the pursuit of achieving communion or identity with, or conscious awareness of, ultimate reality, the divine, spiritual truth, or God through direct experience, intuition, or insight; and the belief that such experience is one... Revelation is an uncovering or disclosure via communication from the divine of something that has been partially or wholly hidden or unknown. ...


Critique of the paranormal

Another aspect in Kurtz’s legacy is his critique of the paranormal. In 1976 CSICOP started Skeptical Inquirer, its official journal. Like Martin Gardner, Carl Sagan, Isaac Asimov and others, Kurtz has popularized scientific skepticism and critical thinking about claims of the paranormal. Kurtz wrote: Paranormal is an umbrella term used to describe a wide variety of reported anomalous phenomena. ... The Skeptical Inquirer is a magazine of the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal (CSICOP) dedicated to debunking pseudoscience. ... Martin Gardner (b. ... Insert non-formatted text here Carl Edward Sagan (November 9, 1934 – December 20, 1996) was an American astronomer and astrobiologist and a highly successful popularizer of astronomy, astrophysics, and other natural sciences. ... Isaac Asimov (January 2?, 1920? – April 6, 1992, IPA: , originally Исаак Озимов but now transcribed into Russian as Айзек Азимов) was a Russian-born American author and professor of biochemistry, a highly successful and exceptionally prolific writer best known for his works of science fiction and for his popular science books. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... are you kiddin ? i was lookin for it for hours ...

[An] explanation for the persistence of the paranormal, I submit, is due to the transcendental temptation. In my book by that name, I present the thesis that paranormal and religious phenomena have similar functions in human experience; they are expressions of a tendency to accept magical thinking. This temptation has such profound roots within human experience and culture that it constantly reasserts itself.[1] In psychology and cognitive science, magical thinking is non-scientific causal reasoning (e. ...

In The Transcendental Temptation, Kurtz analyzes how provable are the claims of Jesus, Moses, Muhammad as well as the founders of religions on American soil such as Joseph Smith and Ellen White. He also evaluates the antics of the most famous modern psychics and what he believes are the fruitless researches of parapsychologists. The Transcendental Temptation is considered among Kurtz's most influential writings.[2] This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... Moses with the Tablets, 1659, by Rembrandt This article is about the Biblical figure. ... For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (name). ... Joseph Smith most commonly refers to Joseph Smith, Jr. ... Ellen Gould Harmon White (November 26, 1827 - July 16, 1915) was co-founder of Seventh-day Adventism. ... Psychic, from the Greek psychikos meaning mental, of the soul (in turn derived from psyche meaning soul, mind), is a term used to describe phenomena or abilities that are said to originate from the brain but which transcend its confines. ... Parapsychology is the study of certain types of paranormal phenomena (parapsychology comes from the Greek para, “beside, beyond,” + psychology, derived from the Greek psyche, “soul, mind,” + logos “rational discussion”). The term was coined by Max Dessoir (1889). ...


On 19 April 2007 Kurtz appeared on Penn & Teller's television show Bullshit! arguing that exorcism and Satanic cults are "hype and paranonia."[3] Penn (left) & Teller Penn & Teller are an illusionist and comedy duo from the United States. ... Bullshit! (also known as Penn & Teller: Bullshit!) is an American, Emmy-nominated documentary television series, running since 2003 on the premium cable channel Showtime. ... Saint Francis exorcised demons in Arezzo, fresco of Giotto Exorcism (from Late Latin exorcismus, from Greek exorkizein - to adjure) is the practice of evicting demons or other evil spiritual entities from a person or place of which they have possessed (taken control of). ... Satanism Associated organizations Church of Satan First Satanic Church First Church of Satan Prominent figures Anton LaVey | Blanche Barton | Peter H. Gilmore | Peggy Nadramia | Karla LaVey Associated concepts Left-Hand Path | Pentagonal Revisionism | Suitheism | Survival of the fittest | Objectivism | Might Is Right Books and publications The Satanic Bible | The Satanic...


Bibliography

  • The Transcendental Temptation: A Critique of Religion and the Paranormal, 1986 ISBN 0-87975-645-4
  • A Skeptic's Handbook of Parapsychology (Paul Kurtz, editor), 1985, Prometheus Books, ISBN 0-87975-300-5
  • Forbidden Fruit: The Ethics of Humanism, 1988, Prometheus Books, ISBN 0-87975-455-5
  • The New Skepticism: Inquiry and Reliable Knowledge, 1992, Prometheus Books, ISBN 0-87975-766-3
  • The Courage to Become, 1997, Praeger/Greenwood, ISBN 0-275-96016-1
  • Living Without Religion: Eupraxophy ISBN 0-87975-929-1
  • In Defense of Secular Humanism ISBN 0-87975-228-9
  • Challenges to the Enlightenment: In Defense of Reason and Science by Paul Kurtz, et al, 1994 ISBN 0-87975-869-4
  • Skepticism and Humanism: The New Paradigm, 2001 ISBN 0-7658-0051-9
  • Science and Religion by Paul Kurtz, et al, 2003 ISBN 1-59102-064-6
  • Affirmations: Joyful And Creative Exuberance, 2004 ISBN 1-59102-265-7

Prometheus Books is a publishing company founded in August 1969 by Paul Kurtz and publishes scientific, educational, and popular books, especially those of a secular humanist or scientific skepticism nature. ... Prometheus Books is a publishing company founded in August 1969 by Paul Kurtz and publishes scientific, educational, and popular books, especially those of a secular humanist or scientific skepticism nature. ...

See also

<drini ☎> 14:27, 15 August 2005 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ... The Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal, or CSICOP, is a U.S. organization founded to encourage the critical investigation of paranormal and fringe-science claims from a responsible, scientific point of view and disseminate factual information about the results of such inquiries to the scientific... The Council for Secular Humanism (originally the Council for Democratic and Secular Humanism, or CODESH) regards itself as the only exclusively secular humanist organization in the USA. In 1980 CODESH issued A Secular Humanist Declaration. ... are you kiddin ? i was lookin for it for hours ... Eupraxsophy (previously eupraxophy but updated) [1] is a nonreligious lifestance or worldview emphasizing the importance of living an ethical and exuberant life, and relying on rational methods such as logic, observation and science (rather than faith, mysticism or revelation) toward that end. ... Free Inquiry is a bi-monthly journal of secular humanist opinion and commentary, published by the Council for Secular Humanism. ... Humanist Manifesto is the title of three manifestos laying out a secular humanist worldview. ... Prometheus Books is a publishing company founded in August 1969 by Paul Kurtz and publishes scientific, educational, and popular books, especially those of a secular humanist or scientific skepticism nature. ... Secular humanism is a humanist philosophy that upholds reason, ethics, and justice, and specifically rejects the supernatural and the spiritual as warrants of moral reflection and decision-making. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Notes

  1. ^ http://www.csicop.org/si/2001-07/kurtz.html
  2. ^ http://www.csicop.org/list/listarchive/msg00214.html
  3. ^ "on 5, Episode 5: Exorcism", Bullshit!, Showtime.com, 19 April 2007. Retrieved on 2007-05-22. 

Bullshit! (also known as Penn & Teller: Bullshit!) is an American, Emmy-nominated documentary television series, running since 2003 on the premium cable channel Showtime. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Paul Kurtz at AllExperts (724 words)
Paul Kurtz (born December 21, 1925 in Newark, New Jersey) is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the University at Buffalo (SUNY), but is best known for his prominent role in the United States skeptical community.
Kurtz was left-wing in his youth, but has said that serving in the United States Army in World War II taught him the dangers of ideology.
Kurtz used the publicity generated by fundementalist preachers to grow the membership of the Council of Secular Humanism, as well as strip the religious aspects found in the earlier Humanist movement.
Prof. Paul M. Kurtz Faculty Profile (569 words)
In addition, Kurtz advises the dean, represents the school at events when the dean cannot be present and assists the institutional advancement team in alumni relations and fundraising efforts.
In 2001, Kurtz was appointed as a commissioner to represent Georgia on the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws.
Kurtz served as a law clerk to Chief Judge Harry Phillips of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit upon his graduation from law school.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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