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Encyclopedia > Paul Joseph James Martin
The Right Hon. Paul Joseph James Martin
The Right Hon. Paul Joseph James Martin

Paul Joseph James Martin, PC, CC, QC (June 23, 1903September 14, 1992), often referred to as Paul Martin, Sr, was a noted Canadian politician. Paul Martin Sr File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Paul Martin Sr File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Privy Council Office as it appeared in the 1880s The Queens Privy Council for Canada (French: Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada) is the council of advisers to the Queen of Canada, whose members are appointed by the Governor General of Canada for life on the... Seal of the Order of Canada The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the Orders Latin motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam, which means (those) desiring a better country. ... Cherie Booth QC wearing her ceremonial robes (including full-bottomed wig) as Queens Counsel at the Bar of England and Wales. ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (258th in leap years). ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ...

Contents

Early life

Born in Ottawa, Ontario, to an Irish Catholic father and a French Canadian mother, he was raised in Pembroke, Ontario in the Ottawa Valley, although he did his high school studies at Collège St-Alexandre in Gatineau, Québec. He completed his university education at the University of Toronto. Martin opened a law practice in Windsor, Ontario. This article is about the capital city of Canada. ... French Canadian is a term that has several different connotations. ... Pembroke (population 13,490 in the 2001 Canadian census) is a city at the confluence of the Muskrat River and the Ottawa River in the Ottawa Valley in eastern Ontario, Canada. ... This is about the river in Canada. ... Map of Quebec with Gatineau highlighted in red. ... The University of Toronto (U of T) is a coeducational public research university in Toronto, Ontario. ... Nickname: The City of Roses Motto: The river and the land sustain us. ...


Politics

MP

A member of the Liberal Party of Canada, he was first elected to the House of Commons in 1935 and entered the cabinet in 1945. He went on to serve as a noted member of the cabinets of four Prime Ministers: William Lyon Mackenzie King, Louis St. Laurent, Lester B. Pearson and Pierre Trudeau. The Liberal Party of Canada (French: ), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party positioned at the centre of the political spectrum, combining a progressive social policy with moderate economics. ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Cabinet of Canada (French: Cabinet du Canada or Conseil des ministres) plays an important role in the Government of Canada in accordance with the Westminster System. ... 1945 (MCMVL) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... William Lyon Mackenzie King, OM, PC, LL.B, Ph. ... Louis Stephen St. ... Lester Bowles Mike Pearson, PC, CC, OM, OBE, MA, LL.D. (April 23, 1897 – December 27, 1972) was a Canadian statesman, diplomat and politician who was made a Nobel Laureate in 1957. ... Trudeau redirects here. ...


Martin was viewed as one of the most left-wing members of the Liberal cabinet, and as Minister of National Health and Welfare from 1946 to 1957 he played an important role in the fight against polio and overseeing the creation of hospital insurance in Canada, and is sometimes recognized as a father of medicare. Martin served as Secretary of State for External Affairs in the Pearson government, and was instrumental in the acquisition of U.S. nuclear weapons for Canadian Forces.[1] In the Cabinet of Canada, The Minister of Health is responsible for overseeing the federal governments health department (Health Canada) and enforcing the Canada Health Act, the law governing Medicare. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Poliomyelitis (polio), or infantile paralysis, is a viral paralytic disease. ... Several individuals may be recognized as father of the Canadian system of universal public medicare: Tommy Douglas pioneered public health insurance as Premier of Saskatchewan from 1944 to 1961 and federal leader of the New Democratic Party of Canada from 1961 to 1971. ... Canadas Secretary of State for External Affairs was, from 1909 to 1993, the member of the Cabinet of Canada responsible for overseeing the federal governments international relations and the former Department of External Affairs. ...

Hon. Paul Martin (left) and Rt. Hon. W.L. Mackenzie King attending the opening session of the United Nations General Assembly, 23 October 1946
Hon. Paul Martin (left) and Rt. Hon. W.L. Mackenzie King attending the opening session of the United Nations General Assembly, 23 October 1946

Image File history File links Paul_Martin_with_Mackenzie_King. ... Image File history File links Paul_Martin_with_Mackenzie_King. ... Not to be confused with William Lyon Mackenzie, Mackenzie Kings grandfather. ... The United Nations General Assembly (GA) is one of the five principal organs of the United Nations. ...

Liberal leadership

He ran for the Liberal leadership three times, in 1948, in 1958 and 1968, but was defeated at all three Liberal leadership conventions, first by Louis St. Laurent, then by Lester B. Pearson, then by Pierre Trudeau. The first three leaders of the Liberal Party of Canada were not chosen at a leadership convention. ... The first three leaders of the Liberal Party of Canada were not chosen at a leadership convention. ... (Redirected from 1968 Liberal Party of Canada leadership race) The 1968 Liberal Party of Canada leadership race saw Pierre Trudeau emerge as a surprise winner in what was one of the most important leadership races in the history of the Liberal Party of Canada. ... The first three leaders of the Liberal Party of Canada were not chosen at a convention. ...


Senator and beyond

Trudeau appointed him to the Senate in 1968. He served as Leader of the Government in the Senate until 1974 when he was appointed High Commissioner to the United Kingdom. He also served as Chancellor of Wilfrid Laurier University from 1972-1977, as a result of which the university named the Paul Martin Centre in his honour. Until his death Paul Martin was an Adjunct Professor of Political Science at the University of Windsor. The Senate of Canada (French: Le Sénat du Canada) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the House of Commons. ... The Leader of the Government in the Senate is a Canadian cabinet minister who leads the government side in the Canadian Senate and is chiefly responsible for promoting and defending the governments program in the Upper House. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... A High Commissioner is a person serving in a special executive capacity. ... Wilfrid Laurier University (WLU) is a public university located in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. ...


His two volume memoirs, A Very Public Life, was published in 1983 (ISBN 0888790929) and 1986 (ISBN 0888781216).


Paul Joseph James Martin is the father of Paul Edgar Philippe Martin, who served as Prime Minister of Canada from 2003 - 2006. He like his father was also a Cabinet Minister. For other uses, see Paul Martin (disambiguation). ... The Prime Minister of Canada (French: Premier ministre du Canada), is the head of the Government of Canada. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Honors

In 1976 he was made a Companion of the Order of Canada. In recognition of his accomplishments, Martin was granted the right to use the honorific Right Honourable in 1992, a rare honour for one who has never been Prime Minister, Governor-General or Chief Justice of Canada. The University of Windsor has a Paul Martin Chair in law and political science, recently held by former Manitoba Premier Howard Pawley (until his retirement from the University of Windsor). 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Seal of the Order of Canada The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the Orders Latin motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam, which means (those) desiring a better country. ... An honorific is a word or expression that conveys esteem or respect and is used in addressing or referring to a person. ... The Right Honourable (abbreviated The Rt Hon. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... The Governor General of Canada (French: Gouverneure générale du Canada or Gouverneur général du Canada) is the representative of the Canadian Monarch. ... The Right Hon. ... The University of Windsor is a non-denominational, provincially-supported, coeducational, public comprehensive university located in Windsor, Ontario, Canada. ... Howard Russell Pawley (born November 21, 1934) is a Canadian politician and professor who was Premier of Manitoba from 1981 to 1988. ...


See also

Vive le Québec libre! (Long live free Quebec!) was a famous and controversial phrase uttered in a speech given by French President Charles de Gaulle in Montreal on July 24, 1967. ... For other uses, see Paul Martin (disambiguation). ...

References

  1. ^ Clearwater, J. "Canadian Nuclear Weapons.", Chapter 1. Dundurn Press, 1998.

External links

  • Synopsis of federal political experience from the Library of Parliament
  • Order of Canada Citation
  • A retiring Paul Martin gives a CBC Interview
Preceded by
Raymond Morand, Cons.
Member of Parliament from Essex East
1935–1968
Succeeded by
Riding was abolished in 1966
Preceded by
Brooke Claxton
Minister of National Health and Welfare
12 December 194620 June 1957
Succeeded by
Alfred Johnson Brooks
Preceded by
Howard Charles Green
Secretary of State for External Affairs
22 April 196320 April 1968
Succeeded by
Mitchell Sharp
Preceded by
John Joseph Connolly
Minister Without Portfolio (Leader of the Government in the Senate)
20 April 19681 April 1969
Succeeded by
---
Preceded by
---
Leader of the Government in the Senate
1 April 19697 August 1974
Succeeded by
Raymond Joseph Perrault

  Results from FactBites:
 
Paul Martin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3912 words)
His father, Paul Joseph James Martin, a francophone of half Irish and half French descent, served thirty-three years as a member of the Canadian House of Commons and was a cabinet minister in four Liberal governments.
Martin has stated that there has to have been political direction but denies involvement in, or knowledge of, the sponsorship contracts, and has called a public inquiry into what has come to be known as the Sponsorship Scandal.
Martin telephoned Her Excellency the Right Honourable Michaëlle Jean, Governor General of Canada, and informed her that he is going to resign as Prime Minister of Canada.
Paul Joseph James Martin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (441 words)
Martin was viewed as one of the most left-wing members of the Liberal cabinet, and as Minister of National Health and Welfare from 1946 to 1957 he played an important role in the fight against polio and overseeing the creation of hospital insurance in Canada, and is sometimes recognized as a father of medicare.
Paul Joseph James Martin is the father of Paul Edgar Philippe Martin, who also served as an MP and Cabinet Minister.
Paul "Jr." contested the leadership of the Liberal party twice, in 1990 and 2003 and served as Prime Minister of Canada from 2003 to 2006.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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