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Encyclopedia > Paul Dukas

Paul Abraham Dukas (October 1, 1865-May 17, 1935) was a Parisian-born French composer and teacher of classical music. is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... It has been suggested that List of visitor attractions in Paris be merged into this article or section. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ...

Contents

Biography

Dukas was from a French-Jewish family. He studied under Théodore Dubois and Ernest Guiraud at the Conservatoire de Paris, where he became friends with the composer Claude Debussy. After completing his studies Dukas found work as a music critic and orchestrator; he was unusually gifted in orchestration and was one of the most sensitive and insightful critics of the era. The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... François Clément Théodore Dubois (August 24, 1837 – June 11, 1924) was a French composer, organist and music teacher. ... Ernest Guiraud (June 26, 1837 – May 6, 1892) was a French composer born in New Orleans, USA. He studied at the Paris Conservatoire, where he won the Grand Prix de Rome. ... Former Conservatoire building (until 1911), still used as Théâtre du Conservatoire The Conservatoire de Paris (full contemporary name Conservatoire National Supérieur de Musique et de Danse de Paris) is a music school in Paris, France. ... Claude Debussy, photo by Félix Nadar, 1908. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the use of the term orchestration in computer science, see orchestration (computers) Orchestration or arrangement is the study and practice of arranging music for an orchestra or musical ensemble. ...


Although Dukas wrote a fair amount of music, he was perfectionistic and destroyed many of his pieces out of dissatisfaction with them. Only a few of his compositions remain. His first surviving work of note is the energetic Symphony in C (1896), which belongs to the tradition of Beethoven and César Franck. Like Franck's only symphony, Dukas' is in three movements rather than the conventional four: Allegro non troppo, ma con fuoco; Andante espressive e fuoco; Allegro spiritoso.[1] Symphony in C may refer to a number of symphonies written in the key of C Major: Symphonies referred to by their key exclusively Symphony in C (Wagner) - Richard Wagners Symphony in C (composed 1831, premiered 1832) Symphony in C (Bizet) - Georges Bizets Symphony in C (1855) Symphony... “Beethoven” redirects here. ... César-Auguste-Jean-Guillaume-Hubert Franck (December 10, 1822 – November 8, 1890), a composer, organist and music teacher of Belgian origin who lived in France, was one of the great figures in classical music in the second half of the 19th century. ...


The symphony was followed by another orchestral work, L'apprenti sorcier (English: The Sorcerer's Apprentice) (1897), which is based on Goethe's poem "Der Zauberlehrling". The Sorcerer's Apprentice was used in the Walt Disney film Fantasia. Dukas's rhythmic mastery and vivid orchestration were evident in both works. The Sorcerers Apprentice is the English name of both an 1897 symphonic poem by Paul Dukas (Lapprenti sorcier in French), and of a 1797 ballad by Goethe (Der Zauberlehrling in German), which inspired the musical work. ... “Goethe” redirects here. ... Poetry (ancient Greek: poieo = create) is an art form in which human language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or instead of, its notional and semantic content. ... For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... Fantasia is a 1940 motion picture, the third in the Disney animated features canon, which was a Walt Disney experiment in animation and music. ...


For the piano, Dukas wrote two complex and technically demanding large-scale works, a Sonata in E-flat minor (1901) and Variations, interlude and finale on a theme of Rameau (1902), again reminiscent of Beethoven and Franck. The Sonata did not enter the mainstream repertoire, but it has been more recently championed by such pianists as Marc-André Hamelin. The opera Ariane et Barbe-Bleue ("Ariadne and Bluebeard"), on which he worked from 1899 to 1907, has often been compared to Debussy's Pelléas et Mélisande, partly because of musical similarities and partly because both operas are based on libretti by Maurice Maeterlinck. The sumptuous oriental ballet La Péri (1912) was Dukas's last major work. A piano sonata is a sonata written for unaccompanied piano. ... E-flat minor is a minor scale based on E-flat, consisting of the pitches E-flat, F, G-flat, A-flat, B-flat, C-flat, D and E-flat (harmonic minor scale). ... Jean-Philippe Rameau, by Jacques André Joseph Aved, 1728 Jean-Philippe Rameau (French IPA: ) (September 25, 1683 - September 12, 1764) was one of the most important French composers and music theorists of the Baroque era. ... Marc-André Hamelin, OC, CQ, (born September 5, 1961) is a French-Canadian classical pianist and composer. ... The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, Italy. ... Ariane et Barbe-Bleue (Ariane and Bluebeard) is an opera in three acts by Paul Dukas. ... Pelléas et Mélisande (Pelléas and Mélisande) is an opera in five acts by Claude Debussy to a French libretto by Maurice Maeterlinck that almost exactly follows his famous symbolist play Pelléas et Mélisande. ... Libretto can also refer to a sub-notebook PC manufactured by Toshiba. ... Maurice Polydore Marie Bernard Maeterlinck, Belgian author Count Maurice Polydore Marie Bernard Maeterlinck (August 29, 1862 - May 6, 1949) was a Belgian poet, playwright, and essayist. ... For other uses, see Ballet (disambiguation). ... La Péri (English: The Peri), or The Flower of Immortality, is a 1912 ballet in one act by Jewish-French composer Paul Dukas, originally choreographed by Ivan Clustine and first performed in Paris, about a mans search for immortality and encounter with a mythological Peri. ...


In the last decades of his life, Dukas became well known as a teacher of composition, with many famous students including Joaquín Rodrigo, Maurice Duruflé, Olivier Messiaen and Jehan Alain. After Dukas died, he joined the scores of other famous people buried in the Père Lachaise cemetery in Paris. Joaquín Rodrigo Vidre (22 November 1901 – 6 July 1999) was a Spanish composer of classical music and a virtuoso pianist. ... Maurice Duruflé (January 11, 1902 – June 16, 1986) was a French composer, organist, and pedagogue. ... Olivier Messiaen It has been suggested that List of students of Olivier Messiaen be merged into this article or section. ... Jehan Alain (February 3, 1911, Saint-Germain-en-Laye - June 20, 1940, Saumur) was a French organist and composer. ... Looking down the hill at the Père-Lachaise cemetery The cimetière du Père-Lachaise (pronounced pierre la-sh-ez) is the largest cemetery in the city of Paris (there are larger cemeteries in Paris suburbs). ...


Principal Works

  • Orchestral Music :
Overtures (Götz von Berlichingen, Polyeucte, le Roi Lear)
Symphony (1896)
L'Apprenti sorcier (1897)
  • Chamber Music :
Alla Gitana, for cello and piano
Villanelle, for horn and piano
  • Piano :
Variations, Interlude et final on a theme of Rameau
La plainte, au loin, du faune...
Prélude élégiaque sur le nom de Haydn
Sonata in E-flat minor
  • Vocal :
Sonnet de Ronsard
Vocalise, for voice and piano
Cantatas (Hymne au soleil, Sémélé et Velléda)
  • Ballet :
La Péri (1912)
  • Opera :
Ariane et Barbe-Bleue (1907)

The Sorcerers Apprentice is the English name of both an 1897 symphonic poem by Paul Dukas (Lapprenti sorcier in French), and of a 1797 ballad by Goethe (Der Zauberlehrling in German), which inspired the musical work. ... La Péri (English: The Peri), or The Flower of Immortality, is a 1912 ballet in one act by Jewish-French composer Paul Dukas, originally choreographed by Ivan Clustine and first performed in Paris, about a mans search for immortality and encounter with a mythological Peri. ... Ariane et Barbe-Bleue (Ariane and Bluebeard) is an opera in three acts by Paul Dukas. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Recording by Netherlands Radio Philharmonic, conducted by Jean Fournet, recorded March 1992

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Paul Dukas: Biography - Classic Cat (392 words)
Paul Dukas (October 1, 1865-May 17, 1935) was a Parisian-born French composer and teacher of classical music.
Paul Abraham Dukas was from a French-Jewish family.
Although Dukas wrote a fair amount of music, he was perfectionistic and, unfortunately, destroyed many of his pieces out of dissatisfaction with them.
Play Me a Story- The Sorcerer's Apprentice Story (686 words)
The Sorcerer's Apprentice is considered to be "program music" which is music in which the composer uses musical themes to describe a particular event, a narrative idea, or develop a character.
Dukas based his symphonic work on a poem written by Goethe, a German poet.
A young boy from the village was apprenticed to a sorcerer.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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