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Encyclopedia > Paul D. Boyer

Paul Delos Boyer (born July 31, 1918) is an American biochemist. He is one of the laureates for the 1997 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. July 31 is the 212th day (213th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 153 days remaining, as the final day of July. ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Biochemistry is the chemistry of life. ... 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... List of Nobel Prize laureates in Chemistry from 1901 to the present day. ...

Boyer was born in Provo, Utah. He attended Provo High School, where he was active in student government and the debating team. He received a B.S. in chemistry from Brigham Young University in 1939 and obtained a Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation Scholarship for graduate studies. Five days before leaving for Wisconsin, Paul married a beautiful and talented coed, Lyda Whicker. Together they have three children, Gail, Hali and Douglas, and eight grandchildren. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Provo, Utah. ... Chemistry (in Greek: χημεία) is the science of matter that deals with the composition, structure, and properties of substances and with the transformations that they undergo. ... Name Brigham Young University Location (main campus) Provo, UT 84602 Established October 16, 1875 Community Urban Type Private coeducational Classification Parochial Religion Owned by the LDS Church Enrollment 32,400 Faculty 2,100 President Cecil O. Samuelson Nickname Cougars Mascot Cougar School Colors Dark blue and beige Motto Enter to... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


After he received his Ph.D. degree in biochemistry from the University of Wisconsin in 1943, he spent years at Stanford University on a war-related research project dedicated to stabilization of serum alubumin for transfusions. He began his independent research career at the University of Minnesota and introduced kinetic, isotopic, and chemical methods for investigating enzyme mechanisms. In 1955, he received a Guggenheim Fellowship and worked with Professor Hugo Theorell on the mechanism of alcohol dehydrogenase. In 1956, he accepted a Hill Foundation Professorship and moved to the medical campus of the University of Minnesota. In 1959-60, he served as Chairman of the Biochemistry Section of the American Chemical Society and in 1969-70 as President of the American Society of Biological Chemists. For the University of Wisconsin system, see University of Wisconsin System. ... 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... For other meanings of Stanford, see Stanford (disambiguation). ... Affectionately referred to by locals as the U or U of M, The University of Minnesota is a large university with several campuses spread throughout the U.S. state of Minnesota. ... Ribbon diagram of the catalytically perfect enzyme TIM. Factor D enzyme crystal prevents the immune system from inappropriately running out of control. ... Guggenheim Fellowships are awarded annually by the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation to those who have demonstrated exceptional capacity for productive scholarship or exceptional creative ability in the arts. ... The American Chemical Society (ACS) is a learned society (professional association) based in the United States that supports scientific inquiry in the field of chemistry. ...


Since 1963, he has been a Professor in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at UCLA. in 1965, he became the Founding Director of the Molecular Biology Institute and spearheaded the construction of the building and the organization of an interdepartmental Ph.D. program. This institutional service did not diminish the creativity and originality of his research program, which led to three postulates for the binding mechanism for ATP synthesis: i.e. that energy input was not used primarily to form ATP but to promote the binding of phosphate and mostly the release of tightly bound ATP; that three identical catalytic sites went through compulsory, sequential binding changes; and that the binding changes of the catalytic subunites, circularly arranged on the periphery of the enzyme, were driven by the rotation of a smaller internal subunit. The University of California, Los Angeles, popularly known as UCLA, is a public, coeducational university situated in the neighborhood of Westwood within the city of Los Angeles. ... Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is the nucleotide known in biochemistry as the molecular currency of intracellular energy transfer; that is, ATP is able to store and transport chemical energy within cells. ... In chemistry, a phosphate is a polyatomic ion or radical consisting of one phosphorus atom and four oxygen. ...


Paul Boyer was Editor or Associate Editor of the Annual Review of Biochemistry from 1963-89. He was Editor of the classic series, The Enzymes. In 1981, he was Faculty Research Lecturer at UCLA. He received the Rose Award of the American Society of Chemistry and Molecular Biology in 1989; Honorary doctorates from the Universities of Stockholm (1974), Minnesota (1996), and Wisconsin (1998); and the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. The University of California, Los Angeles, popularly known as UCLA, is a public, coeducational university situated in the neighborhood of Westwood within the city of Los Angeles. ...


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