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Encyclopedia > Paul Cézanne
Vase of Flowers (1876) Oil on canvas

Paul Cézanne (January 19, 1839October 22, 1906) was a French painter who represents the bridge from impressionism to cubism. From [1]. The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States. ... From [1]. The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States. ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1839 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ... 1906 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... See also Impressionist (entertainment): A girl with a watering can by Renoir, 1876 Impressionism was a 19th century art movement, which began as a private association of Paris-based artists who exhibited publicly in 1874. ... ...


Life and work

Cézanne was born in Aix-en-Provence and went to school there. From 1859 to 1861 he studied law, while continuing drawing lessons. Against the objections of his father, he decided to pursue an artistic career and left for Paris with his friend Émile Zola in 1861. Gradually, his father reconciled to his course of life and supported him in it. He later received a large inheritance, on which he could live with ease. Aix (prounounced eks), or, to distinguish it from other cities built over hot springs, Aix-en-Provence is a city in southern France, some 30 km north of Marseille. ... 1859 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Émile Zola ( April 2, 1840 – September 29, 1902) was an influential French novelist, the most important example of the literary school of naturalism (literature), and a major figure in the political liberalization of France. ...


In Paris, he met Camille Pissarro and other impressionists. The garden at Pontoise, painted 1877. ...


Cézanne began with the light, airy painting of the impressionists, but gradually solidified it and made it more architectural. In his words: "I want to make of impressionism something solid and lasting like the art in the museums." He structurally ordered whatever he perceived into simple forms and colour planes to create the most telling image of the subject matter. His geometric essentialisation of forms influenced cubism, in particular. ...


His paintings were in the first exhibition of the Salon des Refusés in 1863, which displayed works not accepted by the jury of the official Paris Salon. The Paris Salon rejected Cézanne's submissions every year from 1864 to 1869. Honoré Daumier satirized the bourgeoises scandalized by the Salons Venuses, 1864 The Paris Salon (French: Salon de Paris) was an institution in French official art patronage, founded in Paris, France in 1673 to exhibit art works, particularly paintings. ...


He exhibited little in his lifetime and worked in increasing artistic isolation, remaining in the South of France far from Paris. He concentrated on a few subjects: still lifes, studies of bathers, and especially the Mont Sainte-Victoire, of which he painted innumerable views.

Still Life with Fruit Basket (1888-90) Barnes Foundation, Merion, Pennsylvania. Oil on canvas.

To early 20th-century modernists, Cézanne was the founder of modern painting. Henri Matisse called him, "the father of us all". still life with basket by cezanne The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States. ... still life with basket by cezanne The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States. ... Self-Portrait in a Striped T-shirt (1906). ...


Cézanne and Zola disagreed, and never reconciled, over Zola's fictionalized depiction of Cézanne in the novel L'Oeuvre (The Masterpiece, 1886). 1886 is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) Events January 18 _ Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ...


In 1906, Cézanne collapsed while painting in the outdoors during a thunderstorm. One week later, on October 22, he died of pneumonia.


On May 10, 1999, Cézanne's painting Rideau, cruchon et compotier sold for $60.5 million, the fourth highest price paid for a painting up to that time. The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ...


See also

Post-Impressionism is a term applied to a number of painters of the late 19th and early 20th centuries whose style developed out of or reacted against that of the Impressionists. ... This is a list of the highest prices paid for paintings. ...

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