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Encyclopedia > Paul Bunyan
Paul Bunyan in Akeley, Minnesota
Paul Bunyan in Akeley, Minnesota

Paul Bunyan is a mythical lumberjack in tall tales, originating either with an American newspaperman or with French Canadians. Paul Bunyan is a mythical lumberjack. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Akeley is a city located in Hubbard County, Minnesota. ... The word mythology (from the Greek μυολογία mythología, from mythologein to relate myths, from mythos, meaning a narrative, and logos, meaning speech or argument) literally means the (oral) retelling of myths – stories that a particular culture believes to be true and that use the supernatural to interpret natural events and... Lumberjacks in Oregon, c. ... Tall Tale, also known as Tall Tale: The Unbelievable Adventures of Pecos Bill is a 1995 family Western movie starring Patrick Swayze, Nick Stahl, Oliver Platt, Roger Aaron Brown, Scott Glenn, Catherine OHara, and Jared Harris. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

Contents

Origin

Lumberjack legends

Paul Bunyan in Bangor, Maine
Paul Bunyan in Bangor, Maine

Paul Bunyan is said to be a lumberjack of gargantuan size and titanic strength. In stories about him, it is said that he and his blue ox, Babe, were so large that their footsteps created Minnesota's ten thousand lakes (including Lake Bemidji, which resembles Paul's giant footprint). Babe measured 42 axe handles and a plug of chewing tobacco between his horns. He was found during the winter of the blue snow. Once, he helped Paul to straighten a road simply by pulling it. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 794 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1632 × 1232 pixel, file size: 363 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 794 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1632 × 1232 pixel, file size: 363 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... For other places with the same name, see Bangor. ... Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... Lake Bemidji, near the headwaters of the Mississippi River Lake Bemidji is a small glacially-formed lake, approximately 11 sq mi (28 sq km) in area, in northern Minnesota in the United States. ... A plug is: a device which is designed to stop a fluid from flowing through a hole. ... Chewing tobacco is a smokeless tobacco product. ...


Like many myths, this explains a physical phenomenon. Bunyan's birth was strange, as are the births of many mythic heroes, as it took seventeen storks to carry the infant (ordinarily, one stork could carry several babies and drop them off at their parents' home). When he was old enough to clap and laugh, the vibration broke every window in the house. Paul and Babe dug the Grand Canyon by dragging his axe behind him, and created Mount Hood by piling rocks on top of their campfire to put it out. Genera Mycteria Anastomus Ciconia Ephippiorhynchus Jabiru Leptoptilos The storks are large, long-legged, long-necked wading birds with long stout bills. ... This article is about the canyon in the southwestern United States. ... Axe For other uses, see Axe (disambiguation). ... This article is about the tallest mountain in Oregon. ...


He is a classic American "big man" who was popular in 19th century America. Further, the Bunyan myths sprang from lumber camp tales, sometimes bawdy ones, to put it mildly. In one such tale, extreme cold forced bears to look for food; one wandered into a lumber camp. It chased the lumberjacks up a tree on which they had a ladder. To keep the bear from climbing after them (despite the fact that bears do not need ladders to climb trees), they kicked down the ladder. This saved them from the bear, but trapped them in the tree. To escape, the lumberjacks urinated in unison and created a frozen pole, which they slid down. Such tall tales, though later watered down, were attributed to a single character, Bunyan, and became the stories we know today.


Newspaper myths

The earliest published versions of the myth of Paul Bunyan can be traced back to James MacGillivray, an itinerant newspaper reporter who wrote the first Paul Bunyan article for the Oscoda Press in 1906, and an expanded version of the same article for the Detroit News. He is alleged to have collected stories from lumberjacks, combined them with his own embellishments, and began disseminating the legend with the July 24, 1910 printing of The Round River Drive which included the following, concerning Dutch Jake (another mythical lumberjack of great strength) and the narrator participating in a Bunyan-sponsored contest to cut down the biggest tree in the forest. James MacGillivray is the name of: James MacGillivray (sculptor), (1856-1938), Scottish sculptor (often called James Pittendrigh MacGillivray) James MacGillivray (writer), (fl. ... Along with The Detroit Free Press, The Detroit News (owned by Gannett) is one of the two major Metro Detroit newspapers. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

"Dutch Jake and me had picked out the biggest tree we could find on the forty, and we'd put three days on the cut with our big saw, what was three crosscuts brazed together, making 30 feet of teeth. We was getting along fine on the fourth day when lunchtime comes, and we thought we'd best get to the sunny side to eat. So we grabs our grub and starts around that tree.
'We hadn't gone far when we heard a noise. Blamed if there wasn't Bill Carter and Sailor Jack sawin' at the same tree. It looked like a fight at first, but we compromised, meetin' each other at the heart on the seventh day. They'd hacked her to fall to the north, and we'd hacked her to fall to the south, and there that blamed tree stood for a month or more, clean sawed through, but not knowin' which way to drop 'til a windstorm came along and throwed her over."

The popularization of the myth started with William B. Laughead's "Introducing Mr. Paul Bunyan of Westwood, California", one of a series of Bunyan advertising pamphlets for the Red River Lumber Company. Some of the pamphlet tales were based on Laughead's recollections of stories he had heard ten years earlier in a Minnesota lumber camp. Others were highly exaggerated tales of his own experiences.


Laughead, through the ad pamphlets, created much of the Bunyan "canon", including the blue ox and Johnny Inkslinger.[1] He can also be found in Akeley, MN.......

Image File history File links Paul_Bunyan_and_Babe_statues_Bemidji_Minnesota_crop. ... Image File history File links Paul_Bunyan_and_Babe_statues_Bemidji_Minnesota_crop. ... Paul Bunyan and Babe the Blue Ox are the names for a pair of large statues of the American folkhero and his ox located in Bemidji, Minnesota. ... Bemidji is a city located in Beltrami County, Minnesota. ...

Locations

Paul Bunyan has dozens of towns vying to be considered his home. Many consider Bemidji, Minnesota to be his official home, while other towns (such as the above mentioned Brainerd, Shelton, and Westwood; Bay City, Michigan, and even Eau Claire, Wisconsin), vie for the title. Several authors, including James Stevens and D. Laurence Rogers, have traced the tales to the exploits of French Canadian lumberjack Fabian "Saginaw Joe" Fournier, 1845-1875. Fournier worked for the H.M. Loud Company in the Grayling, Michigan area, 1865-1875, where MacGillivray later worked and apparently picked up the stories. The state of Michigan has declared Oscoda, Michigan as the official home of Paul Bunyan due to the earliest documented published stories by MacGillivray. Bemidji is a city located in Beltrami County, Minnesota. ... Bay City is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan located near the base of the Saginaw Bay on Lake Huron. ... Location within the state of Wisconsin. ... Grayling is a city located in Crawford County, Michigan in the U.S. state of Michigan. ...


One legend has Paul Bunyan born in Bangor, Maine (one of the great lumber capitals) and eventually going west to find more timber. Kelliher, Minnesota is the home of Paul Bunyan Memorial Park, which contains a site purporting to be Paul Bunyan's grave [2]. Another legend claims that Rib Mountain in Wausau, Wisconsin, is Bunyan's grave site. For other places with the same name, see Bangor. ... Kelliher is a city located in Beltrami County, Minnesota. ... Rib Mountain (formerly Rib Hill) is a glacially-eroded monadnock in central Wisconsin, located in the Town of Rib Mountain in Marathon County. ... Wausau is a suburb of Merrill, WI and is the county seat of Marathon County, Wisconsin. ...


Tourist attractions

Ten meter tall statue of Babe the Blue Ox at Trees of Mystery, Klamath, California
Ten meter tall statue of Babe the Blue Ox at Trees of Mystery, Klamath, California

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 538 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 2283 pixel, file size: 541 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Statue of Babe the Blue Ox, Trees of Mystery, Klamath, California. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 538 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 2283 pixel, file size: 541 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Statue of Babe the Blue Ox, Trees of Mystery, Klamath, California. ... Babe the Blue Ox, Trees of Mystery, Klamath, California. ... Babe the Blue Ox, Trees of Mystery, Klamath, California. ... Paul Bunyan and Babe the Blue Ox are the names for a pair of large statues of the American folkhero and his ox located in Bemidji, Minnesota. ... Bemidji is a city located in Beltrami County, Minnesota. ... Brainerd is a city located in Crow Wing County, Minnesota. ... Westwood is also a district in the city of Los Angeles, California Westwood is a census-designated place located in Lassen County, California. ... Del Norte County is the northwesternmost county in the U.S. state of California, located on the Pacific coast south of Oregon. ... Saint Ignace, usually written as St. ... Location within the state of Wisconsin. ... Official language(s) None Capital Madison Largest city Milwaukee Area  Ranked 23rd  - Total 65,498 sq mi (169,790 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 310 miles (500 km)  - % water 17  - Latitude 42° 30′ N to 47° 05′ N  - Longitude 86° 46′ W to 92° 53′ W Population  Ranked... Paul Bunyan Land is an amusement park located in Brainerd, Minnesota on This Old Farm. ... Brainerd is a city located in Crow Wing County, Minnesota. ... Baxter is a city located in Crow Wing County, Minnesota. ... Babe the Blue Ox, Trees of Mystery, Klamath, California. ... Babe the Blue Ox, Trees of Mystery, Klamath, California. ... Old Forge is a hamlet on Route 28 in the Town of Webb in Herkimer County, New York. ... Akeley is a city located in Hubbard County, Minnesota. ... Nickname: Location in Pima County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Pima Government  - Mayor Bob Walkup (R) Area  - City  195. ... For other places with the same name, see Bangor. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - City 376. ... St. ... Shelton is a city in Mason County, Washington, United States. ... Lake Nebagamon is a village located in Douglas County, Wisconsin. ... Nickname: Location in the state of New Mexico Coordinates: , Country State County Bernalillo Founded 1706 Government  - Mayor Martin Chavez Area  - City  181. ... Hackensack is a city in Cass County, Minnesota, United States. ... Giant Sequoia (Sequoiadendron) trees in the Giant Forest Sequoia National Park is a national park in the southern Sierra Nevada, east of Visalia, California in the United States of America. ... This page refers to the city of Bayfield. ...

Recent fiction

  • Paul Bunyan makes an appearance in the Mars trilogy by Kim Stanley Robinson
  • In Neil Gaiman's novel American Gods, Paul Bunyan is ridiculed as a fake mythology.
  • A fictional Paul Bunyan statue is seen in the Coen brothers' movie Fargo.
  • He is the subject of an opera by Benjamin Britten called Paul Bunyan, libretto by W.H. Auden (1941).
  • He is the subject of "Paul Bunyan and the Photocopier" by Larry Hammer.
  • The story is a subject of the Simpsons episode "Simpsons Tall Tales", in which the Simpsons board a train to Delaware and meet a hobo who tells them a selection of "tall tales".
  • In the webcomic "The Adventures of Dr. McNinja", the "Paul Bunyan's disease" causes people to turn into giant lumberjacks.
  • Paul Bunyan's character appeared in the movie "Tall Tales", featuring Oliver Platt as Paul Bunyan. Patrick Swayze also stars as the legendary cowboy Pecos Bill.
  • Paul was briefly shown in the 1954 Warner Brothers' only 3-D animated short "Lumber Jack-Rabbit". In the cartoon, Bugs Bunny stumbles upon Bunyan's giant carrot patch, which is guarded by Smidgen, a 124 foot (38 m) dog.
  • Paul Bunyan is alluded to as the name "The Tall Man With The Big Axe" in the novel Summerland by Michael Chabon.
  • In the 70's TV series Land of the Lost, in the episode "Snowman" from third season, Uncle Jack calls Will "A regular Paul Bunyan" when the boy chops a tree in order to make a bridge over a big cliff
  • Paul Bunyan appears in the one-act play "Mr Charles, currently of Palm Beach" (1998) by Paul Rudnick in the line "A gay woman is not simply Paul Bunyan with a cat."
  • The Woodsman character voiced by James Belushi in the film Hoodwinked! auditions for the part of Paul Bunyan for an advert in the film.
  • Paul Bunyan is mentioned in the lyrics to the Kid Dakota song "Ten Thousand Lakes" from the album "The West Is The Future".
  • Paul Bunyan appears the film Tall Tale: The Adventures of Pecos Bill (portrayed by Oliver Platt) along with John Henry and Pecos Bill
  • In 1958, Disney released an animated short about Paul's life directed by Les Clark.

The Mars trilogy is a series of award-winning science fiction novels by Kim Stanley Robinson, chronicling the settlement and terraforming of the planet Mars. ... For the late American actress, see Kim Stanley. ... Neil Richard Gaiman () (born November 10, 1960) is an English author of science fiction and fantasy short stories and novels, graphic novels, comics, and films. ... American Gods is a novel by Neil Gaiman. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that Marge Gunderson be merged into this article or section. ... Edward Benjamin Britten, Baron Britten, OM CH (November 22, 1913 Lowestoft, Suffolk - December 4, 1976 Aldeburgh, Suffolk) was a British composer, conductor, and pianist. ... Paul Bunyan was a choral operetta composed by Benjamin Britten with lyrics by W. H. Auden. ... Christopher Isherwood and W.H. Auden, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1939 Wystan Hugh Auden (February 21, 1907–September 29, 1973) was an English poet. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... Simpsons Tall Tales is the season finale and twenty-first episode of the twelfth season of The Simpsons. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Delaware. ... The Adventures of Dr. McNinja is a webcomic written and drawn by Chris Hastings and inked by his roommate Kent Archer. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Michael Chabon (born May 24, 1963) is an American author and one of the most celebrated writers of his generation. ... Oliver Platt as The West Wings Oliver Babish Oliver Platt (born January 12, 1960 in Windsor, Ontario, Canada) is a Canadian film and television actor. ... Les Clark (November 17, 1907-September 12, 1979 was the first of Disneys Nine Old Men. ...

See also

A Paul Bunyan statue in Portland, Oregon
A Paul Bunyan statue in Portland, Oregon
Folklore Portal

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1248x999, 394 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Paul Bunyan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1248x999, 394 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Paul Bunyan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - City 376. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... The folklore of the United States, or American folklore, is the folk tradition which has evolved on the North American continent since Europeans arrived in the 16th century. ... Fakelore is inauthentic, manufactured folklore which is created in the hope that it will be accepted as genuine and/or legitimate. ... Operation Paul Bunyan was a countermeasure taken by the United States Army Corps of Engineers in response to an attack by North Korean soldiers in the village of Panmunjom within the Korean Demilitarized Zone, which killed two US Army officers and wounded several South Koreans. ... Paul Bunyans Axe, named after the mythical giant lumberjack Paul Bunyan, is awarded to the winner of each college football game between Minnesota and Wisconsin. ... The Paul Bunyan-Governor of Michigan Trophy is a college rivalry trophy awarded to the winner of the annual American football game between the University of Michigan Wolverines and the Michigan State University Spartans. ... Paul Bunyan was a choral operetta composed by Benjamin Britten with lyrics by W. H. Auden. ... Fearsome critters was a collective term coined in early American lumberjack folklore for a variety of strange or frightening imaginary beasts that inhabited the timberwoods of North America and Canada. ...

Other "Big Men"

  • Little John
  • Big Joe Mufferaw a.k.a. Jos. Montferrand of the Ottawa Valley
  • Gargantua
  • Pecos Bill
  • Iron John of Michigan
  • John Henry
  • Johnny Kaw
  • Mike Fink
  • Hiawatha
  • Fionn mac Cumhaill
  • Venture Smith, the black Paul Bunyan
  • Crooked Mick of the Speewah, an Australian analogue to Paul Bunyan
  • Nätti-Jussi ("Beautiful Johnny") is a Finnish tall tale character analogous to Paul Bunyan. He is also a lumberjack, as Paul Bunyan. In a typical Nätti-Jussi joke, Nätti-Jussi is asked, where he trained to be a lumberjack. "Sahara", is the answer. "But there are no trees there!" "No more", answers Nätti-Jussi, implying that there were a lot, but that he cut them down himself. Nätti-Jussi is based on a real person, Juho Vihtori Nätti (1890-1964), who was both a lumberjack and an accomplished story-teller. It is entirely thinkable that Finnish lore about Nätti-Jussi was influenced by Paul Bunyan stories brought back by migrant lumberjacks returning from the United States and Canada.

Little John is a presumably fictional character in the legend of Robin Hood. ... Statue of Mufferaw in Mattawa, Ontario. ... Gargantua and Pantagruel is a connected series of five books written in the 16th century by François Rabelais. ... Pecos Bill is a mythical American cowboy, immortalized in numerous tall tales. ... Iron John is a fairy tale found in the collections of the Brothers Grimm about a wild man and a prince. ... Statue of John Henry outside the town of Talcott in Summers County, WV. John Henry is an African-American folk hero, who has been the subject of numerous songs, stories, plays, and novels. ... Statue of Johnny Kaw in Manhattan, Kansas Johnny Kaw is a mythical Kansas settler and the subject of a number of Paul Bunyan-esque tall tales about the settling of the territory. ... Mike Fink, {b. ... For other uses of the name Hiawatha, see Hiawatha (disambiguation). ... Fionn mac Cumhaill (pronounced /fʲiːn̪ˠ mË ak kuwaːlʲ/ in Irish or /fɪn mɘ kuːl/ in English) (earlier Finn or Find mac Cumail or mac Umaill, later Anglicised to Finn McCool) was a mythical hunter-warrior of Irish mythology, occurring also in the mythologies of Scotland... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Speewah is a mythical Australian station that is the subject of many tall tales told by Australian bushmen. ... The Speewah is a mythical Australian station that is the subject of many tall tales told by Australian bushmen. ...

References

  • Gartenberg, Max. "Paul Bunyan and Little John", Journal of American Folklore, volume 62, 1949.
  • Maltin, Leonard, "Of Mice and Magic - the History of American Animation", Plume Books, Revised edition, May, 1990
  • Bélanger, Georges, "La collection Les Vieux m'ont conté du père Germain Lemieux, s.j." Francophonies d'Amérique, Ottawa. Presses de l'Université d'Ottawa, no. 1, 1991, pages 35-42
  • Germain, Georges-Hébert, "Adventurers in the New World: The Saga of the Coureurs des Bois", Libre-Expression, Montréal, 2003

External links

  • The Story of Paul Bunyan
  • The Paul Bunyan Logging Camp Museum and re-created logging camp.
  • Folklore History of the Paul Bunyan Legend Paul Bunyan: How A Terrible Timber Feller Became the Legend, book tracing the origin and how the Paul Bunyan legends were created
  • The Straight Dope: Is Paul Bunyan a fraud? Describes the links between the Bunyan legend and the Red River Lumber Company.
  • Paul Bunyan, Modern-Day Sex Symbol
  • Roadside America Giants and other weird stuff along America's roads.
  • Paul Bunyan at Microsoft as a Support Knowledge Base article.
  • The Story of Paul Bunyan with Paul Bunyan dress-up game. Great resource for teachers

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