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Encyclopedia > Pau Casals
Pau Casals

Pau Casals, 1922
Background information
Birth name Pau Carles Salvador Casals i Defilló
Born December 29, 1876
El Vendrell, Catalonia, Spain
Died October 22, 1973
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Genre(s) Classical
Occupation(s) Cellist, conductor, pedagogue
Instrument(s) Cello
Notable instrument(s)
Violoncello
Matteo Goffriller 1700
Matteo Goffriller 1710
Carlo Tononi 1730
Casals redirects here. For other uses, see Casals (disambiguation).

Pau Carles Salvador Casals i Defilló (December 29, 1876October 22, 1973), best known during his professional career as Pablo Casals, was a virtuoso Spanish cellist and later conductor. He made many recordings throughout his career, of solo, chamber, and orchestral music, also as conductor, but Casals is perhaps best remembered for the recording of the Bach: Cello Suites he made from 1936 to 1939. Pablo Casals, from May 1923 The Etude magazine This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 50 years. ... is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1876 Pick up Sticks(MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... El Vendrell is a town located in Catalonia, Spain, wedged between the Mediterranean and the mountains, which have both shaped the places appearance, its customs and the character of its inhabitants. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Location of San Juan within the island of Puerto Rico Coordinates: Country United States Territory Puerto Rico Founded 1508/1521 Area  - City 76. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Alternate meaning: Cello web browser A cropped image to show the relative size of a cello to a human (Uncropped Version) The cello (also violoncello or cello) is a stringed instrument and part of the violin family. ... A conductor conducting at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ... In education, teachers are those who teach students or pupils, often a course of study or a practical skill. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... The violoncello, usually abbreviated to cello, or cello (the c is pronounced as in the ch of check), is a bowed stringed instrument, a member of the violin family. ... Matteo Goffriller (also Mateo Gofriller) (1659 in (Brixen:German) or (Bressanone: Italian) - 1742 in Venice) was a renowned 18th century Italian luthier, who made exceptionally great cellos. ... Matteo Goffriller (also Mateo Gofriller) (1659 in (Brixen:German) or (Bressanone: Italian) - 1742 in Venice) was a renowned 18th century Italian luthier, who made exceptionally great cellos. ... Carlo Annibale Tononi (1675-1730) was a luthier working in Bologna Italy until his father, Johannes Tononi, died in 1713. ... Casals may refer to: Pablo Casals, a world renowned cellist and conductor. ... is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1876 Pick up Sticks(MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... A virtuoso (from Italian virtuoso, late Latin virtuosus, Latin virtus meaning: skill, manliness, excellence) is an individual who possesses outstanding technical ability at singing or playing a musical instrument. ... Alternate meaning: Cello web browser A cropped image to show the relative size of a cello to a human (Uncropped Version) The cello (also violoncello or cello) is a stringed instrument and part of the violin family. ... Bach in a 1748 portrait by Haussmann Places in which Bach resided throughout his life Johann Sebastian Bach (pronounced ) (21 March 1685 O.S. – 28 July 1750 N.S.) was a prolific German composer and organist whose sacred and secular works for choir, orchestra and solo instruments drew together the... The first page from the manuscript by Anna Magdalena Bach of Suite No. ...

Contents

Biography

Casals was born in El Vendrell, Catalonia, Spain. His father, Carles Casals i Ribes (1852-1908), was a parish organist and choirmaster. He gave Casals instruction in piano, violin, and organ. At age four Casals could play the violin, piano and flute. When Casals was eleven, he first heard the cello performed by a group of traveling musicians, and decided to dedicate himself to the instrument. In 1888 his mother, Pilar Defilló de Casals, who was born in Mayagüez, Puerto Rico of Catalonian ancestry, took him to Barcelona, where he enrolled in the Escola Municipal de Música.[1] There he studied cello, theory, and piano. He made prodigious progress as a cellist; on February 23, 1891 he gave a solo recital in Barcelona at age of fourteen. He graduated from the Escola with honours two years later. El Vendrell is a town located in Catalonia, Spain, wedged between the Mediterranean and the mountains, which have both shaped the places appearance, its customs and the character of its inhabitants. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Gentilic: Mayagüezanos Location Location of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico within Puerto Rico Coordinates , , Government Founded July 19 1760 Mayor José Guillermo Rodríguez Rodríguez Political party PPD Senatorial district Mayagüez Representative district 18 and 19 Geographical characteristics Area Total 709. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ...


In 1893, the Spanish composer Isaac Albéniz heard him playing in a trio in a cafe and gave him a letter of introduction to the private secretary to María Cristina, the Queen Regent, in Madrid, Spain. Casals was asked to play at informal concerts in the palace, and was granted a royal stipend to study composition at the Conservatory de Musica y Declamacion in Madrid with the master Víctor Mirecki. He also played in the newly organized Quartet Society. In 1895 he went to Paris, where, having lost his stipend from Catalonia, he earned a living by playing second cello in the theater orchestra of the Folies Marigny. In 1896, he returned to Catalonia and received an appointment to the faculty of the Escuela Municipal de Música in Barcelona. He was also appointed principal cellist in the orchestra of Barcelona's opera house, the Liceu. In 1897 he appeared as soloist with the Madrid Symphony Orchestra, and was awarded the Order of Carlos III from the Queen. Isaac Albéniz Isaac Manuel Francisco Albéniz (IPA: ) (May 29, 1860 – May 18, 1909) was a Spanish pianist and composer best known for his piano works based on Spanish folk music. ... Maria Christina Alexandra or Christina of Sweden (1626-1689) was Queen of Sweden. ... Motto: (Spanish for From Madrid to Heaven) Location Coordinates: , Country Spain Autonomous Community Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid Province Madrid Administrative Divisions 21 Neighborhoods 127 Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jimémez (PP) Area  - Land 607 km² (234. ... Víctor Mirecki Larramat, 1908 Víctor Alexander Marie Mirecki Larramat (July 21, 1847 – April 7, 1921) was a Spanish cellist and music teacher of Franco-Polish origin. ... The façade of the Liceu, as viewed from La Rambla The Gran Teatre del Liceu (IPA: ), or simply Liceu (IPA: ) in Catalan) or Liceo (IPA: ) in Spanish, is an opera house on La Rambla in Barcelona. ... The Madrid Symphony Orchestra (Spanish: Orquesta Sinfónica de Madrid), founded in 1903, is the oldest existing symphony orchestra in Spain. ... Carlos III, wearing the Golden Fleece and the French Order of the Holy Spirit, prior to the Orders creation. ...


International career

In 1899, Casals played at The Crystal Palace in London, and later for Queen Victoria at her summer residence at Cowes, Isle of Wight. On November 12, 1899, he appeared as a soloist at a prestigious Lamoureux Concert in Paris, and played at Lamoureux again on December 17, 1899, with great public and critical acclaim. He toured Spain and the Netherlands with the pianist Harold Bauer (1900-1901) In 1901–1902 he made his first tour of the United States. In 1903 toured South America. On January 15, 1904, he was invited to play at the White House for president Theodore Roosevelt. On March 9 of that year he made his debut at Carnegie Hall in New York, playing Richard Strauss: Don Quixote under the baton of the composer. In 1906 he became associated with the talented young Portuguese cellist Guilhermina Suggia, who studied with him and began to appear in concerts as Mme. P. Casals-Suggia, although they were not legally married. Their liaison was dissolved in 1912; in 1914 Casals married the American socialite and singer Susan Metcalfe; they were separated in 1928, but did not divorce until 1957. The 1851 Great Exhibition in Hyde Park . ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837, and the first Empress of India from 1 May 1876, until her death on 22 January 1901. ... The Isle of Wight is an English island and county, off the southern English coast, to the south of the county of Hampshire, between the Solent and the English Channel. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... Harold Bauer (April 28, 1873 - March 12, 1951) was a noted pianist who began his musical career as a violinist. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ... Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. ... Carnegie Hall is a concert venue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City located at 881 Seventh Avenue, occupying the east stretch of Seventh Avenue between West 56th Street and West 57th Street. ... This article is about the German composer of tone-poems and operas. ... Don Quixote, Op. ... Guilhermina Suggia (1885 - 1950) was a Portuguese-born cellist. ...


Back in Paris, Casals organized a trio with the pianist Alfred Cortot and the violinist Jacques Thibaud; they played concerts and made recordings until 1937. Casals also became interested in conducting, and in 1919 he organized, in Barcelona, the Orquesta Pau Casals and led its first concert on October 13, 1920. With the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936, the Orquesta Pau Casals ceased its activities. Casals was an ardent supporter of the Spanish Republican government, and after its defeat vowed never to return to Spain until democracy was restored. Alfred Denis Cortot (September 26, 1877 – June 15, 1962) was a French pianist and conductor. ... Jacques Thibaud (September 27, 1880 - September 1, 1953) was a French violinist. ... It has been suggested that Martyrs of the Spanish Civil War be merged into this article or section. ... Anthem El Himno de Riego Capital Madrid Language(s) Spanish Government Republic President¹  - 1931 Niceto Alcalá-Zamora  - 1937-1939 Juan Negrín Legislature Congress of Deputies Historical era Interwar period  - Monarchy abolished April 14, 1931  - Spanish Civil War 1936-1939  - Surrender to Franco April 1, 1939 Currency Spanish peseta ¹ Formal...


He settled in the French village of Prades, on the Spanish frontier; between 1939 and 1942 he made sporadic appearances as a cellist in the unoccupied zone of southern France and in Switzerland. So fierce was his opposition to the Francisco Franco dictatorial regime in Spain that he declined to appear in countries that recognized the authoritarian Spanish government, making an exception when he took part in a concert of chamber music in the White House on November 13, 1961, at the invitation of President John F Kennedy, whom he admired. Thomas Mertons birthplace in Prades Prades (Prada de Conflent in Catalan) is a commune and a sous-préfecture of the Pyrénées-Orientales département, in southwestern France. ... General Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco Bahamonde (4 December 1892–20 November[1] 1975), commonly abbreviated to Francisco Franco (pron. ... Chamber music is a form of classical music, written for a small group of instruments which traditionally could be accommodated in a palace chamber. ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ... JFK redirects here. ...


Throughout most of his professional career, he played on a cello that was labeled and attributed to "Carlo Bergonzi . . .1733" but after playing it for 50 years it was found out to have been created by the Venetian master luthier, Matteo Goffriller in ca 1700. He acquired it in 1913.[2] The Bergonzi family was an illustrious group of luthiers in Cremona, Italy, a city that has a rich tradition of stringed instrument makers. ... An engravers impression of Antonio Stradivari examining an instrument. ... Matteo Goffriller (also Mateo Gofriller) (1659 in (Brixen:German) or (Bressanone: Italian) - 1742 in Venice) was a renowned 18th century Italian luthier, who made exceptionally great cellos. ...


Later years

Presidential Medal of Freedom
Presidential Medal of Freedom

In 1950 he resumed his career as conductor and cellist at the Prada Festival in Conflent, organized in commemoration of the bicentennial of the death of Bach; he continued leading the Prades Festivals until 1966. Presidential Medal of Freedom File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Presidential Medal of Freedom File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Thomas Mertons birthplace in Prades Prades (Prada de Conflent in Catalan) is a commune and a sous-préfecture of the Pyrénées-Orientales département, in southwestern France. ... Conflent is a Catalan comarca in North Catalonia, and currently under French administration. ...


In 1956, he made his permanent residence San Juan, Puerto Rico, where his mother had been born (when the island was still under Spanish rule). In 1957 an annual Casals Festival was inaugurated there. The Casals Festival is a classical music event celebrated every year in San Juan, Puerto Rico, it was founded in 1957 by the world renowned musician Pablo Casals. ...


On August 3, 1957, at 80, Casals married Marta Montañez Martinez, a younger student of his. They settled in the town of Ceiba and lived in a house called "El Pesebre". Marta Casals Istomin (born 1937 in Humacao, Puerto Rico), is the former president of Manhattan School of Music. ...


Throughout the 1960s Casals gave many master classes throughout the world in places such as Zermatt, Tuscany, Berkeley, and Marlboro Several of these events were televised. In June, the Matterhorn is still snow-covered, while it is spring in Zermatt below. ... Tuscany (Italian: ) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northern California, in the United States. ... Marlboro, Vermont Marlboro is a town located in Windham County, Vermont. ...


Casals was also a composer; perhaps his most effective work is La sardana (The Sardana), for an ensemble of cellos, which he composed in 1926. His oratorio El pesebre (The Manger) was performed for the first time in Acapulco, Mexico, on December 17, 1960. One of his last compositions was the Himne a les Nacions Unides (Hymn of the United Nations); he conducted its first performance in a special concert at the United Nations on October 24, 1971, 2 months before his 95th birthday. The sardana (Catalan plural sardanes) is a type of circle dance typical of Catalonia. ... Acapulco (Officially: Acapulco de Juárez) is a city and major sea port in the state of Guerrero on the Pacific coast of Mexico, 300 km (190 miles) southwest from Mexico City. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ...


Casals wrote a memoir, Joys and Sorrows; Reflections (1973).


Casals died in 1973 in San Juan, Puerto Rico, at the age of 96. In 1979 his remains were laid to rest in his hometown of El Vendrell, Catalonia. He did not live to see the end of the Franco dictatorial regime, but he was posthumously honoured by the Spanish government under King Juan Carlos I, which issued in 1976 a commemorative postage stamp in honour of the centenary of his birth. Nickname: Location of San Juan within the island of Puerto Rico Coordinates: Country United States Territory Puerto Rico Founded 1508/1521 Area  - City 76. ... Juan Carlos I, King of Spain (baptized as Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias) was born on January 5, 1938 in Rome and is the reigning King (Rey de España) and head of state of Spain. ... A centenary is an event to celebrate the 100th anniversary of an event. ...


In 1989, Casals posthumously received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. The Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award is awarded by the Recording Academy to performers who, during their lifetimes, have made creative contributions of outstanding artistic significance to the field of recording [1]. This award is distinct from the Grammy Hall of Fame Award, which honors specific recordings rather than individuals, and...


Legacy

A centenary statue at Montserrat.
A centenary statue at Montserrat.

The International Pablo Casals Cello Competition is held in Germany under the auspices of the Kronberg Academy once every four years, starting in 2000, in order to discover and further the careers of the future cello elite, and is supported by the Pau Casals Foundation, under the patronage of Marta Casals Istomin. One of the prizes is the use of one of the Gofriller cellos owned by Casals. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 825 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 825 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A centenary is an event to celebrate the 100th anniversary of an event. ...


The first top prize was awarded in 2000 to Claudio Bohórquez.


See also

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ... This is a list of famous Catalan people (people from the European region of Catalonia, one of the Autonomoues Communities of Spain). ... list of famous Puerto Ricans in alphabetical order by last names, where applicable. ...

References

  1. ^ Proyecto de Recuperación de la Casa Defilló (Espana). Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña. Retrieved on 2007-01-25.
  2. ^ Instrument ID: 1254. Cozio. Retrieved on 2007-01-22.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... January 22 is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Joys and Sorrows; Reflections, Pau Casals, (1973) ISBN 0-671-21774-7
  • "Song Of The Birds" - by Julian Lloyd Webber, (1985) ISBN 0-86051-305-X

Julian Lloyd Webber (born April 14, 1951) is a British cellist. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Pau Casals - definition of Pau Casals in Encyclopedia (1033 words)
Pau Casals i Defilló (December 29, 1876 – October 22, 1973), commonly known as Pablo Casals, was a virtuoso Catalan, Spanish cello player (and later conductor).
Casals was asked to play at informal concerts in the palace, and was granted a royal stipend to study composition at the Conservatory de Musica y Declamacion in Madrid.
Casals died in San Juan, Puerto Rico at the age of 96.
AllRefer.com - Pablo (Pau) Casals (Music: History, Composers, And Performers, Biography) - Encyclopedia (333 words)
Casals is considered the greatest 20th-century master of the cello and a distinguished composer, conductor, and pianist.
Casals gained an international reputation for brilliant expressive technique that remains unsurpassed.
In 1939, Casals settled at Prades in S France, a voluntary exile in protest against the Spanish government.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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