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Encyclopedia > Patriot (American Revolution)

This article concerns Patriots in the American Revolutionary War. For other uses of the word "patriot", see the disambiguation page. This article is about military actions only. ... Look up patriot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Patriots (also known as Americans, Whigs, Congress-Men or Rebels) was the name the colonists of the British Thirteen Colonies who rebelled against British control during the American Revolution called themselves. It was their leading figures who, in July 1776, declared the United States of America an independent nation. Their rebellion was based on the political philosophy of republicanism, as expressed by pamphleteers such as Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, and Thomas Paine. Look up Whig in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In 1775, the British claimed authority over the red and pink areas on this map and Spain ruled the orange. ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen... For other uses, see 1776 (disambiguation). ... The United States Declaration of Independence was an act of the Second Continental Congress, adopted on July 4, 1776, which declared that the Thirteen Colonies in North America were Free and Independent States and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to... Republicanism is the political value system that has dominated American political thought since the American Revolution. ... Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 N.S.–4 July 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–09), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States. ... Alexander Hamilton (January 11, 1755 or 1757[1]—July 12, 1804) was an Army officer, lawyer, Founding Father, American politician, leading statesman, financier and political theorist. ... For other persons of the same name, see Thomas Paine (disambiguation). ...


As a group, Patriots comprised men and women representing the full array of social, economic, ethnic and racial backgrounds. They included college students like Alexander Hamilton, planters like Thomas Jefferson, and plain farmers like Daniel Shays and Joseph Plumb Martin. Alexander Hamilton (January 11, 1755 or 1757[1]—July 12, 1804) was an Army officer, lawyer, Founding Father, American politician, leading statesman, financier and political theorist. ... Engraving depicting Daniel Shays (left) and Job Shattuck Daniel Shays (c. ... Joseph Plumb Martin (1760 – 1850) was a Revolutionary War soldier, who published an account of his experiences as a soldier in a Connecticut regiment of the Continental Army in 1830. ...


Those colonists who remained loyal to the British Crown called themselves Loyalists or "Tories". This article is about the monarchy of the United Kingdom, one of sixteen that share a common monarch; for information about this constitutional relationship, see Commonwealth realm; for information on the reigning monarch, see Elizabeth II. For information about other Commonwealth realm monarchies, as well as other relevant articles, see... Britannia gives a heros welcome to returning American Loyalists. ... For other uses, see Tory (disambiguation). ...


In addition, many people remained neutral or said nothing.


Many Patriots were active before 1775 in groups such as the Sons of Liberty. The most prominent leaders of the Patriots are referred to today by Americans as the Founding Fathers of the United States. Year 1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Sons of Liberty as depicted in British press The Sons of Liberty was a secret organization of American Patriots which originated in the Thirteen Colonies before the American Revolution. ... Scene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United States, by Howard Chandler Christy. ...

Contents

References

  • Joseph J. Ellis. Founding Brothers: The Revolutionary Generation (2002), Pulitzer Prize
  • Mark E. Kann; The Gendering of American Politics: Founding Mothers, Founding Fathers, and Political Patriarchy, Praeger (1999) online version
  • Robert Middlekauff; The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution, 1763-1789 (2005) online version
  • John C. Miller; Origins of the American Revolution. (1943) online version
  • John C. Miller; Triumph of Freedom, 1775-1783, (1948) online version
  • Robert Previdi; "Vindicating the Founders: Race, Sex, Class, and Justice in the Origins of America," Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 29, 1999
  • Ray Raphael. A People's History of the American Revolution: How Common People Shaped the Fight for Independence (2002)
  • Cokie Roberts. Founding Mothers: The Women Who Raised Our Nation (2005)

List of prominent Patriots

Most of the individuals listed below served the American Revolution in multiple capacities.


Statesmen and office holders

For other persons named John Adams, see John Adams (disambiguation). ... John Dickinson (November 2, 1732 – February 14, 1808) was an American lawyer, artist and politician from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Wilmington, Delaware. ... Benjamin Franklin (January 17 [O.S. January 6] 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the most well known Founding Fathers of the United States. ... For other persons named John Hancock, see John Hancock (disambiguation). ... Patrick Henry (May 29, 1736 – June 6, 1799) was a prominent figure in the American Revolution, known and remembered primarily for his stirring oratory. ... Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 N.S.–4 July 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–09), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States. ... James Madison (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836), was an American politician and the fourth President of the United States (1809–1817), and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. ...

Pamphleteers and activists

For other uses, see Samuel Adams (disambiguation). ... Alexander Hamilton (January 11, 1755 or 1757[1]—July 12, 1804) was an Army officer, lawyer, Founding Father, American politician, leading statesman, financier and political theorist. ... William Molineux (1716 - October 1774) was an American merchant best known for his role in the Boston Tea Party of 1773. ... For other persons of the same name, see Thomas Paine (disambiguation). ... For the song by the Beastie Boys, see Paul Revere (song). ...

Military officers

See also: Military leadership in the American Revolutionary War

  Results from FactBites:
 
American Revolution - Patriot Of The American Revolution, Henry Knox (1491 words)
American Revolution - Patriot Of The American Revolution, Henry Knox
The American forces were so outnumbered, they were forced to retreat which did not end until the crossing of the Delaware River at Trenton on December 8, 1776.
The Americans had seized all the boats along the Delaware, so the British were unable to follow.
Patriot (American Revolution) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (289 words)
Patriots (also known as Partisans, or Rebels) were British North American colonists who rebelled against the British monarchy during the American Revolution and established the independent states that became the United States of America.
Patriots developed and used the political philosophy of "republicanism" and were also influenced by John Locke and the English Country party.
The Patriots were seen by some historians, such as Simon Schama stated in A History of Britain, as a rebirth of revolt against absolute monarchy found in the English Civil War, which was seen as an unbritish ideal.
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