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Encyclopedia > Patrick Cleburne
Patrick Cleburne
Patrick Cleburne

Patrick Ronayne Cleburne (March 16 or 17, 1828November 30, 1864) was a major general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War, killed at the Battle of Franklin. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (818x1024, 61 KB) Summary Library of Congress: TITLE: [Maj. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (818x1024, 61 KB) Summary Library of Congress: TITLE: [Maj. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (76th in Leap years). ... March 17 is the 76th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (77th in Leap years). ... 1828 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... November 30 is the 334th day (335th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 31 days remaining, as the final day of November. ... 1864 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Some Confederate soldiers The Confederate States Army (CSA) was formed in February, 1861, to defend the Confederate States of America, which had itself been formed that same year when seven southern states seceded from the United States (with four more to follow). ... The American Civil War (1861–1865) was fought in North America within the United States of America, between twenty-four mostly northern states of the Union and the Confederate States of America, a coalition of eleven southern states that declared their independence and claimed the right of secession from the... Battle of Franklin II Conflict American Civil War Date November 30, 1864 Place Williamson County, Tennessee Result Union victory The Battle of Franklin was a major engagement of the American Civil War fought at Franklin, Tennessee on November 30, 1864. ...

Contents


Early Life

Cleburne was born in Ovens, County Cork, Ireland, the second son of Dr. Joseph Cleburne, a solid, middle-class physician. Patrick's mother died when he was eighteen months old and he was an orphan at fifteen. He followed his father into the study of medicine but failed his entrance exam to Trinity College of Medicine in 1846. In response to this failure he enlisted in the 41st Regiment of Foot of the British Army. County Cork (Contae Chorcaí in Irish) is the most southwesterly and the largest of the modern counties of Ireland. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ...


Three years later Cleburne bought his discharge and emigrated to the United States with two brothers and a sister. After spending a short time in Ohio he settled in Helena, Arkansas, where he obtained employment as a pharmacist and was readily accepted into the town's social order. By 1860 he had become a naturalized citizen, begun the practice of law, and was very popular with the local residents. During this time he became close friends with Thomas C. Hindman, another future Confederate general from Helena. Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus (largest metropolitan area is Cleveland) Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 34th 116,096 km² 355 km 355 km 8. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Helena-West Helena, Arkansas. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... Thomas Carmichael Hindman (28 January 1828 - 27 September 1868) was a United States Representative from the 1st Congressional District of Arkansas and a Major General in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. ...


Service in the Confederate Army

When the secession crisis broke out Cleburne sided firmly with the southern states. His choice was not due to any love of slavery, which he disliked, but out of affection for the Southern people who had adopted him as one of their own, and out of a distrust of centralized governments. When war threatened, Cleburne joined the local company (the Yell Rifles) as a private soldier and was quickly elected captain. He rose quickly through the ranks and was promoted to brigadier general on March 4, 1862. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view. ... A Brigadier General, or one-star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Cleburne served at the Battle of Shiloh, the Battle of Perryville, was wounded in the face at the Battle of Richmond (Kentucky), and was appointed major general soon after the Battle of Murfreesboro. Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders Ulysses S. Grant Don Carlos Buell Albert S. Johnston† P.G.T. Beauregard Strength Army of West Tennessee (33,085 men) and Army of the Ohio (32,000 men) Army of the Mississippi (44,968 men) Casualties 1,754 killed... The Battle of Perryville was an important but largely neglected encounter in the American Civil War. ... The Battle of Richmond, Kentucky, the most complete Confederate victory in the Civil War, took place on what is now the grounds of the Bluegrass Army Depot. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Battle of Stones River / Battle of Murfreesboro II Conflict American Civil War Date December 31, 1862 - January 2, 1863 Place Murfreesboro, Tennessee Result Both sides claim victory, but the Confederate Army withdraws The Battle of Stones River or Murfreesboro II, was a battle fought in the American Civil War. ...


During the campaigns of 1863 in Tennessee, General Cleburne became more and more outspoken about the incompetence of the commander of the army General Braxton Bragg, which may have retarded his advancement within the army. During this time Cleburne and his soldiers played a critical role at the Confederate victory at the Battle of Chickamauga with a rare night assault and probably saved the Army of Tennessee from utter destruction by holding off a much larger United States Army at both Tunnel Hill on Missionary Ridge at the Battle of Chattanooga and at the Battle of Ringgold Gap in northern Georgia. Cleburne and his troops received an official thanks from the Confederate Congress for their actions during this campaign. 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... State nickname: Volunteer State Official languages English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Governor Phil Bredesen (D) Senators Bill Frist (R) Lamar Alexander (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 36th 109,247 km² 2. ... Braxton Bragg Braxton Bragg (March 22, 1817 – September 27, 1876) was a career U.S. Army officer and a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. ... For other meanings of confederate and confederacy, see confederacy (disambiguation) National Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God our Vindicator) Official language English de facto nationwide Various European and Native American languages regionally Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Largest... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders William S. Rosecrans George H. Thomas Braxton Bragg James Longstreet Strength Army of the Cumberland (56,965) Army of Tennessee (66,000) Casualties 1,657 killed, 9,756 wounded, 4,757 captured/missing 2,312 killed, 14,674 wounded, 1... The Army of Tennessee was formed in November 1862. ... The Battle of Chattanooga may refer to several American Civil War Battles: Battle of Chattanooga I Battle of Chattanooga II Battle of Chattanooga III (1863) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders Joseph Hooker Patrick Cleburne Strength Three Divisions One Division Casualties 507 221 The battle of Ringgold Gap was a battle in the American Civil War, fought in Northwest Georgia. ... For other meanings of confederate and confederacy, see confederacy (disambiguation) National Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God our Vindicator) Official language English de facto nationwide Various European and Native American languages regionally Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Largest...


Cleburne's strategic utilization of terrain, ability to hold ground where others failed, and his ability to use his smaller force to stymie the movements of the enemy earned him his fame during this time and gained him the nickname "Stonewall of the West". Federal troops were quoted as dreading seeing the flag of Cleburne's Division across the battlefield from them.


It became obvious to Cleburne that the Confederate States were losing the war due to the drain on manpower and resources that they were facing. In 1864 he dramatically called upon the leadership of the Army of Tennessee and put forth a proposal to emancipate slaves and enlist them in the Confederate Army to secure Southern independence. This proposal was met with extreme hostility and was officially suppressed on order of Confederate President Jefferson Davis. Cleburne would find his military career stalled from this point on and he was passed over for advancement to corps commander. For other meanings of confederate and confederacy, see confederacy (disambiguation) National Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God our Vindicator) Official language English de facto nationwide Various European and Native American languages regionally Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Largest... 1864 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Jefferson Davis (June 3, 1808 – December 6, 1889) was an American soldier and politician, most famous for serving as the first and only President of the Confederate States, leading the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. ...


Death and legacy

Prior to the campaigning season of 1864, Cleburne became engaged to Susan Tarleton of Mobile, Alabama. Their marriage was never to be as Cleburne was killed during an ill conceived assault, which Cleburne opposed, on Union fortifications at the Battle of Franklin, just south of Nashville, Tennessee, on November 30, 1864. He was last seen advancing on foot toward the Union entrenchment with his sword raised after his horse was shot out from under him. Confederate war records indicate he died of a shot to the abdomen. Motto: Nickname: The Azalea City Location in Alabama Founded 1702 Incorporated 1814 County Mobile County Borough {{{borough}}} Parrish {{{parrish}}} Mayor Sam Jones Area  - Total  - Water 412. ... The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ... Battle of Franklin II Conflict American Civil War Date November 30, 1864 Place Williamson County, Tennessee Result Union victory The Battle of Franklin was a major engagement of the American Civil War fought at Franklin, Tennessee on November 30, 1864. ... The Nashville skyline Nashville is the capital of the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... November 30 is the 334th day (335th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 31 days remaining, as the final day of November. ... 1864 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Cleburne's remains were laid to rest at St. John's Church near Mount Pleasant, Tennessee, where they remained for six years. In 1870 he was disinterred and returned to his adopted hometown of Helena, Arkansas, with much fanfare. (His specific location of interment is in dispute. Various sources claim Maple Hill Cemetery, Magnolia Cemetery, and Evergreen Cemetery in Helena.) Mount Pleasant is a city located in Maury County, Tennessee. ... 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Helena-West Helena, Arkansas. ...


Some southern counties and cities are named after Patrick Cleburne, including:

Cleburne County is a county of the State of Alabama. ... Cleburne County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. ... Cleburne is a city located in Johnson County, Texas. ...

Don Juan Peron

It is widely speculated that Patrick Cleburne was homosexual, as were many men in that era. One famous case it that of Don Juan Peron, who agreed to help Cleburne after spending the night in his tent. Though Peron later betrayed Cleburne it is said that they spent the night playing totem tennis, a clearly homosexual passtime.


References

  • Eicher, John H., & Eicher, David J.: Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Wikinfo | Patrick Cleburne (720 words)
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne (16 March 1828 - 30 November 1864) was a Major General in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War and a resident of the State of Arkansas.
Cleburne was born in Ovens, County Cork, Ireland on 16 March, 1828.
Cleburne served at the Battle of Shiloh, the Battle of Perryville, Kentucky, was wounded through the cheeks at the Battle of Richmond, Kentucky, and was appointed Major General soon after the Battle of Murfreesboro, Tennessee.
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne (1828–1864) - Encyclopedia of Arkansas (1098 words)
Cleburne’s politics mirrored Arkansas’s Southern stance, and he joined the Democratic Party in 1855 during their fight against the Know-Nothing party in the 1856 elections.
Cleburne was promoted to brigadier general in March 1862, and his brigade participated in the Battle of Shiloh in April and the 1862 Kentucky Campaign that summer.
Cleburne believed that if slaves in the South were offered military service in exchange for their freedom, the foreign support and manpower issues would be resolved, as well as the slavery dilemma.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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