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Encyclopedia > Patriarch of Antioch

Patriarch of Antioch is the traditional title carried by the Bishop of Antioch. As the traditional "overseers" of the first gentile Christian community, the bishops have been held in high esteem in the Christian churches for thousands of years. This diocese is one of the few for which the names of its bishops from the apostolic beginnings have been preserved. A bishop is an ordained member of the Christian clergy who, in certain Christian churches, holds a position of authority. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


It was in the city of Antioch (modern day Antakya in southeast Turkey) that Christians were first so called (Acts 11:26). Traditionally, Saint Peter established the church in Antioch, and was the city's first bishop. Ignatius of Antioch (martyred c.107) was also bishop of the city, and a prominent apostolic father. By the 4th century, the bishop of Antioch had become the most senior bishop in a region covering modern-day eastern Turkey, Lebanon, Israel and Palestine, Syria, Jordan, Iraq, and Iran. His heirarchy served the largest number of Christians in the known world at that time. In consideration of this and it's ancient origins, the Patriarchs of Antioch were considered the most senior of the various Popes of Christiandom, which included those of the Patriarch of Jerusalem, the Patriarch of Constantinople, the Patriarch of Alexandria, and the Patriarch of Rome. Antakya (Antiokheia, Antakiya, 36°11′N 36°9′E), located on the eastern side (left bank) of the Orontes River about 20 miles from the sea, is the capital (merkez ilçe) of Hatay Province, Turkey. ... As a noun, Christian is an appellation and moniker deriving from the appellation Christ, which many people associate exclusively with Jesus of Nazareth. ... The Acts of the Apostles (Greek Praxeis Apostolon) is a book of the Bible, which now stands fifth in the New Testament. ... Petrus, by Francesco del Cossa Saint Peter, also known as Peter, Simon ben Jonah/BarJonah, Simon Peter, Cephas and Kepha—original name Simon or Simeon (Acts 15:14)—was one of the twelve original disciples or apostles of Jesus. ... Icon of Ignatius being eaten by lions St. ... For other uses, see number 107. ... The Apostolic Fathers were a small collection of Christian authors who lived and wrote in the late 1st and early 2nd centuries who are acknowledged as leaders in the early church, but whose writings were not included in the collection of Christian scripture, the New Testament Biblical canon. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 4th century was that century which lasted from 301 to 400. ... The West Bank The Gaza Strip The Palestinian territories are geographic areas in the Middle East captured by Israel in the Six-day War of 1967 whose status is pending the conclusion of negotiations between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization. ... This is a list of Popes of the Roman Catholic Church. ... The term Patriarch of Jerusalem can refer to the holders of one of three offices: The Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem, who is one of the Roman Catholic patriarchs of the east The Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem, who is one of nine highest-ranking Eastern Orthodox bishops, called patriarchs The Armenian... The Patriarch of Constantinople is the Ecumenical Patriarch, ranking as the first among equals in the Eastern Orthodox communion. ... The Patriarch of Alexandria is the bishop of Alexandria, Egypt. ... Pope John Paul II has reigned since 22 Oct 1978. ...


Despite being overshadowed in ecclesiastical authority by the Patriarch of Constantinople in the later years of the Eastern Roman Empire, the Antiochene Pope remained the most independent, powerful, and trusted of the collective Popes until the conquest of Eastern Christianity by Islamic armies began in the late 7th century. The Antiochene church was a centre of Christian learning, second only to Alexandria. In contrast to the Hellenestic influenced Christology of Alexandria, Rome, and Constantinople, Antiochene theology was greatly influenced by Rabbinic Judaism and other modes of Semitic thought. Lastly, compared to the Popes in Constantinople, Rome, and Alexandria which for various reasons becamse mirred in the theology of imperial state religion, many of it's Popes managed to straddle the divide between the controversies of Christology and imperial unity through it's piety and straightforward grasp of early Christian thought which was rooted in it's primitive Church beginnings. Antiquity and modernity stand cheek-by-jowl in Egypts chief Mediterranean seaport Located on the Mediterranean Sea coast, Alexandria Αλεξάνδρεια (in Arabic, الإسكندرية, transliterated al-ʼIskandariyyah) is the chief seaport in Egypt, and that countrys second largest city, and the capital of the Al Iskandariyah governate. ... Christology is that part of Christian theology that studies and defines who Jesus the Christ was and is. ... Antiquity and modernity stand cheek-by-jowl in Egypts chief Mediterranean seaport Located on the Mediterranean Sea coast, Alexandria Αλεξάνδρεια (in Arabic, الإسكندرية, transliterated al-ʼIskandariyyah) is the chief seaport in Egypt, and that countrys second largest city, and the capital of the Al Iskandariyah governate. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Left-Wing Democrats) Area  - City Proper  1285 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,553,873 almost 4,300,000 1. ... Map of Constantinople. ... Rabbinic Judaism (or in Hebrew Yahadut Rabanit - יהדות רבנית) is a Jewish denomination characterized by reliance on the written Torah as well as the Oral Law (the Mishnah, Talmuds and subsequent rabbinic decisions) as halakha (Legally Binding, i. ... Semitic is a linguistic term referring to a subdivision of largely Middle Eastern Afro-Asiatic languages, the Semitic languages, as well as their speakers corresponding cultures, and ethnicities. ... This is a list of Popes of the Roman Catholic Church. ...


However, with the advent of internal Eastern Orthodox schisms such as Monophysitism and then the beginning of the Islamic conquests, the Patriarch's ecclesiastical authority became entangled in the politics of imperial authority and later Islamic occupation. Being considered independent of both Byzantine Imperial and Arab Moslem power but in essence occupied by both, the de facto power of the Antiochene Popes faded. Additionally, the city suffered several natural disasters including major eathquacks throughout the 4th and and 6th centuries and anti-Christian conquests beginning with the Zoroastrian Persians in the 6th century, then the Moslem Arabs in the 7th century, then the Moslem Seljuks in the 11th century, and culminating in it's final obliteration by Moslem Mamluks in the 13th century. Lastly, the ecclesiastical schisms between Rome and Constantinope and between Constaninople and Alexandria and Antioch left the Patriach's authority isolated, fractured and debased, a situation which further increased when the Franks liberated the city in 1099 and installed a Latin Patriarch of Antioch. Zoroastrianism was adapted from an earlier, polytheistic faith by Zarathushtra (Zoroaster) in Persia very roughly around 1000 BC (although, in the absence of written records, some scholars estimates are as late as 600 BC). ... The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (locally named Fârsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... The Seljuk Turks (Turkish: Selçuk; Arabic: سلجوق Saljūq, السلاجقة al-Salājiqa; Persian: سلجوقيان Saljūqiyān; also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq) were a major branch of the Oghuz Turks and a dynasty that occupied parts of Central Asia and the Middle East from the 11th to 14th centuries. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... An Ottoman Mamluk, from 1810 Mamluks (or Mameluks) (the Arabic word usually translates as owned, singular: مملوك plural: مماليك) comprised slave soldiers used by the Muslim Caliphs and the Ottoman Empire, and who on more than one occasion seized power for themselves. ... The Latin Patriarch of Antioch was an office established in the aftermath of the First Crusade by Bohemund, the first Prince of Antioch. ...


Today, no less than five church hierarchs claim the title of Patriarch of Antioch, three of whom are in full communion with the Pope of Rome. These churches are part of the Catholic Communion of Churches and are self-governing but they are not part of the Roman Catholic Church which is in itself a member of the communion. All five see themselves as part of the Antiochene heritage and claim a right to the Antiochene See through apostolic succession, although none are actually based in the city of Antakya. This multiplicity of Patriarchs of Antioch as well as their lack of location in Antioch, reflects the persecuted history of Christianity in the region since the Islamic conquest. Indeed, the Christian population in the original territories of the Antiochene Popes has been all but genocided into extinction. What was once the largest collection of Christians in the world has under successive centuries of discrimination and persecution by Islamic rulers been reduced to a few millions in a sea of Islamic followers. The Pope (from Greek: pappas, father; from Latin: papa, Papa, father) is the head of the Catholic Church, which considers him the successor of St. ... In Christianity, the doctrine of Apostolic Succession (or the belief that the Church is apostolic) maintains that the Christian Church today is the spiritual successor of the Church of the Apostles. ... This article outlines the history of Christianity and provides links to relevant topics. ...


The current Patriarchs of Antioch are:

  • His Holiness Moran Mor Ignatius Zakka I Iwas, Patriarch of Antioch and All the East. Ignatius Zakka I is the Supreme Head of the Syriac Orthodox Church, which is part of the Oriental Orthodox communion. His see is based in Damascus.
  • His Beatitude Ignatius IV (Hazim), Patriarch of Antioch and All the East. Ignatius IV is the leader of the Antiochian Orthodox Church, and thus is one of the four most prestigious hierarchs in the Eastern Orthodox Church. His see is based in Damascus.
  • His Beatitude Ignace Pierre VIII Abdel-Ahad, Patriarch of Antioch and All the East of the Syrians. Ignace Pierre VIII is the leader of the Syrian Catholic Church, an Eastern Catholic Church that is in full communion with Roman Catholic Church and uses the Antiochene liturgy. His see is based in Beirut.
  • His Beatitude Nasrallah Pierre Cardinal Sfeir, Patriarch of Antioch and All the East of the Maronites. Nasrallah Sfeir is the leader of the Maronite Church, an Eastern Catholic Church that is in full communion with the Roman Catholic Church and uses the Antiochene liturgy. His see is based in based in Bkerk√©, Lebanon.
  • His Beatitude Gregorius III Laham, Patriarch of Antioch and All the East, Alexandria, and Jerusalem of the Greek Melkites. Gregorius III is the leader of the Melkite Greek Catholic Church, an Eastern Catholic Church that is in full communion with the Roman Catholic Church and uses the Byzantine liturgy. His see is based in Damascus.

At one point, there was at least nominally a sixth claimant to the Patriarchate. When the Western European Crusaders established the Principality of Antioch, they established a Latin Rite church in the city, whose head took the title of Patriarch. After the Crusaders were expelled by the Mamelukes in 1268, the Pope continued to appoint a titular Latin Patriarch of Antioch, whose actual seat was the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome. The last holder of this office was Roberto Vincentini, who died without a successor in 1953. The post itself was abolished in 1964. His Holiness Moran Mor Ignatius Zakka I Iwas Zakka Iwas (Arabic: ) is the current Syriac Patriarch of Antioch and head of the Syriac Orthodox Church. ... The Syriac Orthodox Church is an autocephalous Oriental Orthodox church based in the Middle East with members spread throughout the world. ... The term Oriental Orthodoxy refers to the churches of Eastern Christian traditions that keeps the faith of only the first three ecumenical councils of the undivided Church - the councils of Nicea, Constantinople and Ephesus. ... Damascus by night, pictured from Jabal Qasioun; the green spots are minarets Damascus (Arabic officially دمشق Dimashq, colloquially ash-Sham الشام) is the capital city of Syria. ... Ignatius IV Hazim (born 1921?) is the current Patriarch of Antioch, leader of the Antiochian Orthodox Church. ... The Antiochian Orthodox Church is one of the five churches that composed the One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church before the Great Schism, and today is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Churches. ... The Vladimir Icon, one of the most venerated of Orthodox Christian icons of the Virgin Mary. ... The Syrian Catholic Church is a Christian church in the Levant in full communion with the pope having practices and rites in common with the Jacobites. ... Central Beirut (2004) Beirut (Arabic: , BayrÅ«t) is the capital, largest city, and chief seaport of Lebanon. ... Maronite Patriarch Nasrallah Boutros Cardinal Sfeir His Eminence and His Beatitude Nasrallah Boutros Cardinal Sfeir (born May 15, 1920 in Rayfoun, Lebanon) is the leader of Lebanons largest Christian sect, the Maronites. ... Maronites (Marunoye ܡܪܘܢܝܶܐ in Syriac, Mawarinah in Arabic) are members of one of the Eastern Rites of the Catholic church. ... The coat of arms of the Melkite Greek Catholic Church The Melkite Greek Catholic Church is an Eastern Rite sui juris particular Church in full communion with the Roman Catholic Church and the Pope of Rome. ... This article is about historical Crusades . ... The Principality of Antioch, including parts of modern-day Turkey and Syria, was one of the crusader states created during the First Crusade. ... Latin Rite, in the singular and accompanied, in English, by the definite article (The Latin Rite), is a term by which documents of the Catholic Church designate the particular Church, distinct from the Eastern Rite Churches, that developed in western Europe and northern Africa, where Latin was the language of... An Ottoman Mamluk, from 1810 Mamluks (or Mameluks) (the Arabic word usually translates as owned, singular: مملوك plural: مماليك) comprised slave soldiers used by the Muslim Caliphs and the Ottoman Empire, and who on more than one occasion seized power for themselves. ... When first appointed auxiliary bishop of the Diocese of Honolulu in Hawaii, Joseph Anthony Ferrario became a titular bishop of the ancient Egyptian city of Cusae. ... The Latin Patriarch of Antioch was an office established in the aftermath of the First Crusade by Bohemund, the first Prince of Antioch. ... The Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore is the largest church dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary and used for Christian liturgy. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Left-Wing Democrats) Area  - City Proper  1285 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,553,873 almost 4,300,000 1. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... For the Nintendo 64 emulator, see 1964 (Emulator). ...


See also

The Patriarch of Antioch, is one of the original patriarchs of early Christianity, who were bishops with influence over other sees. ... This is a list of the Maronite Patriarchs of Antioch, who have lead the Maronite Catholic Church, one of the Eastern-rite churches united with the Roman Catholic Church. ... The Patriarch of Antioch is one of the Eastern Orthodox patriarchs, sometimes called the Greek Patriarch of Antioch to distinguish from the Oriental Orthodox Syrian Patriarch of Antioch. ... The Latin Patriarch of Antioch was an office established in the aftermath of the First Crusade by Bohemund, the first Prince of Antioch. ... The Patriarch of Antioch is the head of the Syrian Orthodox Church. ... This is a list of Syrian Catholic Patriarchs of Antioch. ... This is a List of Melkite Catholic Patriarchs of Antioch. ...

External link


  Results from FactBites:
 
Latin Patriarch of Antioch - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (524 words)
The Latin Patriarch of Antioch was an office established in the aftermath of the First Crusade by Bohemund, the first Prince of Antioch.
The bishop of Antioch was one of the major ecclesiastical authorities in the Crusader states and was established to serve the Catholic members of the diocese and represent all Christians living in it's territory.
The seat of the Patriarch of Antioch was one of the oldest and most prestiges in Christiandom.
Patriarchs - Antioch (Maronite) (140 words)
Patriarch of Antioch and all the East of the Maronites 1986-
Patriarch of Antioch and all the East of the Maronites 1975-1986
Patriarch of Antioch and all the East of the Maronites 1955-1975
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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