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Encyclopedia > Patras
Patras  (Πάτρα)
the Roman Odeum of Patras
the Roman Odeum of Patras
Location
Coordinates 38°15′N 21°44′E / 38.25, 21.733Coordinates: 38°15′N 21°44′E / 38.25, 21.733
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (min-max): 0 - 10 m (0 - 33 ft)
Government
Country: Greece
Periphery: West Greece
Prefecture: Achaea
Districts: 11
Mayor: Andreas Fouras
Population statistics (as of 2001[1])
City Proper
 - Population: 171,616
 - Area:[2] 125.4 km² (48 sq mi)
 - Density: 1,369 /km² (3,545 /sq mi)
Metropolitan
 - Population: 210,494
Codes
Postal codes: 26x xx
Area codes: 2610
License plate codes: ΑΧ
Website
www.patras.gr

Patras (Demotic Greek: Πάτρα, Pátra, IPA: [ˈpatra], Classical Greek: Πάτραι, Pátrai, Latin: Patrae) is Greece's third largest city and the capital of the prefecture of Achaea, located in northern Peloponnese, 215 kilometers west of Athens. The city is built at the foothills of Mount Panachaikon, overlooking the Gulf of Patras. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 872 KB) Summary The Roman odeum of Patras. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 685 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (800 × 700 pixel, file size: 27 KB, MIME type: image/png) Other versions Adapted from Image:Greece outline map. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing daylight saving Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Summer Time (EEST) is one of the names of UTC+3 time zone, 3 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... The peripheries (περιφέρειες) are the subnational divisions of Greece. ... Categories: Greece geography stubs ... Greece consists of 13 administrative regions known as Peripheries of Greece, which are further subdivided into 51 prefectures (nomoi, singular - nomos, Greek: νομοί, νομός)): See also List of the prefectures of Greece by area List of the prefectures of Greece by population density List of the prefectures of Greece by population External... Achaea (Greek: , Achaïa; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is an ancient province and a present prefecture of Greece, on the northern coast of the Peloponnese, stretching from the mountain ranges of Erymanthus and Cyllene on the south to a narrow strip of fertile land on the... Districts are a form of local government in several countries. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This is an alphabetical list of municipalities and communities in Greece. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Here are list of postal codes in Greece. ... This is a list of dialing codes in Greece. ... Greek car number plates are composed of three letters and four digits per plate (e. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Dhimotiki (Greek Δημοτική, IPA //) or Demotic Greek is the standard language of Greece. ... The History of Greece extends back to the arrival of the Greeks in Europe some time before 1500 BC, even though there has only been an independent state called Greece since Turkey, Italy and Libya. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... Achaea (Greek: , Achaïa; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is an ancient province and a present prefecture of Greece, on the northern coast of the Peloponnese, stretching from the mountain ranges of Erymanthus and Cyllene on the south to a narrow strip of fertile land on the... Greece and the Peloponnese The Peloponnese or Peloponnesus (Greek: Πελοπόννησος Peloponnesos; see also List of Greek place names) is a large peninsula in southern Greece, forming the part of the country south of the Gulf of Corinth. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... Computer generated view of Patras with Panachaiko The Panachaicus (Greek, Modern: Παναχαϊκό, Ancient/Katharevousa: -on, commonly Panachaïkos or Panachaiko and Panahaiko, Voidia or Vodia in medieval, post-medieval and until the beginning of the 20th century. ... Gulf of Patras from space, March 1994 The Gulf of Patras (Greek: Πατραϊκός Κόλπος Patraikós Kólpos) is a branch of the Ionian Sea. ...


The Patras metropolitan area is a conurbation of nearly 200,000 inhabitants.[3] The core settlement has a history spanning four millennia. In the Roman period it had become a cosmopolitan center of the eastern Mediterranean whilst, according to Christian tradition, it was also the place of Saint Andrew's martyrdom. Dubbed Greece's Gate to the West, Patras is a commercial hub, while its busy port is a nodal point for trade and communication with Italy and the rest of Western Europe. The city has two public universities and one Technological Institute, hosting a large student population and rendering Patras a major scientific centre with a field of excellence in technological education. The Rio-Antirio bridge connects Patras' easternmost suburb of Rio to the town of Antirrio, connecting the Peloponnese peninsula with mainland Greece. Every spring, the city hosts one of Europe's largest and most colourful carnivals; notable features of the Patras Carnival include its mammoth-sized satirical floats and extravagant balls and parades, enjoyed by hundrends of thousands of visitors in a pleasant Mediterranean climate, with relatively cool yet humid summers and rather mild winters. Patras is also famous for supporting an indigenous cultural scene active mainly in the performing arts and modern urban literature; it was European Capital of Culture 2006. The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... Saint Andrew (Greek: Ανδρέας, Andreas), called in the Orthodox tradition Protocletos, or the First-called, is a Christian Apostle and the elder brother of Saint Peter. ... For other uses, see Martyr (disambiguation). ... A current understanding of Western Europe. ... The Rio-Antirio bridge (Greek: Γέφυρα Ρίου-Αντίρριου), officially called Charilaos Trikoupis bridge after the statesman who first envisaged it, is a cable-stayed bridge crossing the Gulf of Corinth near Patras, linking the town of Rio on the Peloponnese to Antirio on mainland Greece, thus connecting the peninsula with the rest of... Peloponnesos (Greek: Πελοπόννησος, sometime Latinized as Peloponnesus or Anglicized as The Peloponnese) is a large peninsula in Greece, forming the part of the country south of the Isthmus of Corinth. ... Patras Carnival the float of the queen of Carnival Main article: Patras The Patras Carnival is the largest event of its kind in Greece and one of the biggest in Europe. ...  Areas with Mediterranean climate A Mediterranean climate is a climate that resembles the climate of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin. ... The European Capital of Culture is a city designated by the European Union for a period of one year during which it is given a chance to showcase its cultural life and cultural development. ...

Contents

Geography and climate

Satellite view of Patras
Satellite view of Patras

Patras is located 215 km (134 mi) west of Athens by road, 94 km (58 mi) northeast of Pyrgos, 7 km (4 mi) south of Rio, 134 km (83 mi) west of Corinth, 77 kilometers northwest of Kalavryta, and 144 km (89 mi) northwest of Tripoli. Download high resolution version (1024x658, 139 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1024x658, 139 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Pyrgos (Greek: Πύργος) is the capital of the Prefecture of Elis in Greece. ... Rio (Greek: Modern: Ρίο Rio, Ancient: Ρίον Rion, Latin: Rhion or Rhium) is a suburban town north of Patras, Greece, with a population of around 13,000. ... Temple of Apollo at Corinth Corinth, or Korinth (Κόρινθος) is a Greek city, on the Isthmus of Corinth, the original isthmus, the narrow stretch of land that joins the Peloponnesus to the mainland of Greece. ... Kalalvryta or Kalavrita (Greek: Καλάβρυτα) is a town, a province and a municipality in the eastcentral part of the prefecture of Achaia. ... Tripoli (Greek, Modern: Τρίπολη, Katharevousa: -s; older form and Latin: Tripolis,rarely Tripolitsa, Tripolitza and Tripolizza) is a city in the central part of the Peloponnesos, Greece, and the capital of the prefecture of Arcadia. ...


A central feature of the urban geography of Patras is its division in upper and lower sections, connected with stairs. This is the result of an interplay between natural geography and human settlement patterns; the lower section of the city, which includes the 19th century urban core and the port, is adjacent to the sea and stretches between the estuaries of the rivers of Glafkos and Haradros. It is built on what was originally a bed of river soils and dried-up swamps. The older upper section covers the area of the pre-modern settlement, around the Fortress, on what is the last elevation of Mount Panachaikon (1,926 m (6,319 ft))[4] before the Gulf of Patras. Urban geography is the study of urban areas. ...


The largest river in the area is Glafkos flowing to the south of Patras. Glafkos springs in Mount Panachaikon and its water is, since 1925, collected in a small mountainous reservoir-dam near the village of Souli and subsequently pumped in order to provide energy for the country's first hydroelectric plant.[5] The water is also used for the orchards of Eglykas and as drinking water for the city. Other rivers are Haradros, Meilichos and the mountain torrent Diakoniaris. The Glafkos river is a river in Greece, the first hydroelectric power plant was built on this river. ... Computer generated view of Patras with Panachaiko The Panachaicus (Greek, Modern: Παναχαϊκό, Ancient/Katharevousa: -on, commonly Panachaïkos or Panachaiko and Panahaiko, Voidia or Vodia in medieval, post-medieval and until the beginning of the 20th century. ... Hydroelectric dam diagram The waters of Llyn Stwlan, the upper reservoir of the Ffestiniog Pumped-Storage Scheme in north Wales, can just be glimpsed on the right. ...

Climate chart for Patras
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temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: HNMS (ΕΜΥ)[6]

Of great importance for the biological diversity of the area and the preservation of its climate is the swamp of Agyia, a small and coastal aquatic ecosystem of only 30 hectares, located to the north of the city centre. The main features of this wetland are its apparent survival difficulty , being at the heart of a densely populated urban centre that features a relatively arid climate and its admittedly high level of biodiversity, with over 90 species of birds being observed until the early 1990s, according to a study by the Patras Bureau of the Hellenic Ornithological Society.[7] Agyia (Greek: Αγυία) is a section of the city of Greece. ... An estuary mouth and coastal waters, part of an aquatic ecosystem. ...


Another geophysical characteristic of the region is its high level of seismicity. Small tremors are recorded along the coast of Patras almost constantly. Larger earthquakes hit the area every few years with potentially destructive effects. In 1993, a 5.0 magnitude earthquake caused some damage to several (mostly older) buildings throughout Patras due to the proximity of the epicenter to the city. In June 15, 1995, a 6.2 magnitude earthquake hit the nearby town of Aigion, causing some structural damage to a few buildings of Patras as well. The Ionian Islands are also frequently hit by even more severe earthquakes, some of which can be felt in the city. In antiquity, the most notable example of destruction caused by an earthquake in the region was the total submergence of the ancient Achaean city of Helike, now Eliki. Seismology (from the Greek seismos = earthquake and logos = word) is the scientific study of earthquakes and the movement of waves through the Earth. ... Aigion or Aigio (Greek: Modern: Αίγιο, Ancient/Katharevousa: -on, Latin: Aegium) also, Egio or Egionis a town in northeast Achaea that has a population of around 12,000, with a square, a bus terminal and a fountain in downtown. ... Helike (Greek: pron. ... Eliki (Greek: Ελίκη), is a Greek village in the Achaia prefecture. ...


History

Main article: History of Patras
Byzantine Fortress on top of the city
View of the Patras port in the early 20th century: Aghiou Nikolaou street.
The Apollo Theatre in Georgiou I square, a work of the architect Ernst Ziller, built with the contributions of the thriving 19th century commercial class
The Apollo Theatre in Georgiou I square, a work of the architect Ernst Ziller, built with the contributions of the thriving 19th century commercial class

The first traces of settlement in Patras date as early as in the 3rd millennium BC, in the area of modern Aroe. Patras flourished for the first time during the Post-Helladic or Mycenean period (1580–1100 BC). Ancient Patras was formed by the unification of three Mycenaean villages located in modern Aroe; namely Antheia and Mesatis. Mythology has it that after the Dorian invasion, a group of Achaeans from Laconia led by the eponymous Patreus established a colony. During antiquity, Patras remained a farming city. It would be in Roman times that it was to become an important port. // Ancient times Patras, the Roman Odeum The first traces of settlement in Patras date to the 3rd millennium BC, in modern Aroe. ... Image File history File links Patras_Patrasfortress. ... Image File history File links Patras_Patrasfortress. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 922 KB) Summary Patras Apollo Municipal Theatre in Georgiou I square, a work of the architect Ziller, built with the contributions of the thriving 19th century commercial class. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 922 KB) Summary Patras Apollo Municipal Theatre in Georgiou I square, a work of the architect Ziller, built with the contributions of the thriving 19th century commercial class. ... Ernst (Ernestos) Moritz Theodor Ziller (June 22, 1837, Oberlössnitz nr. ... Mycenaean Greece, the last phase of the Bronze Age in ancient Greece, is the historical setting of the epics of Homer and much other Greek mythology. ... Mycenaean Greece, the last phase of the Bronze Age in ancient Greece, is the historical setting of the epics of Homer and much other Greek mythology. ... The Municipality of Messatida, also: Messatis is an administrative district in Greece. ... [[Im Category: ... The Achaeans (in Greek , Achaioi) is the collective name given to the Greek forces in Homers Iliad (used 598 times). ... Laconia (; see also List of traditional Greek place names), also known as Lacedaemonia, is a prefecture in Greece. ...


After 280 BC and prior to the Roman occupation of Greece, Patras played a significant role in the foundation of the second "Achaean League" (Achaiki Sympoliteia), along with the cities of Dyme, Triteia and Pharai. Later on, and following the Roman occupation of Greece in 146 BC, Patras played a key role, and Augustus founded a Roman colony in its area. Moreover, Patras became a Christian centre since the early days of Christianity, and it is the city where St. Andrew was crucified. The Achaean League was a confederation of Greek city states in Achaea, a territory on the northern coast of the Peloponnese. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC - 140s BC - 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC Years: 151 BC 150 BC 149 BC 148 BC 147 BC - 146 BC - 145 BC 144 BC... For other persons named Octavian, see Octavian (disambiguation). ...


During Byzantine times Patras continued to be an important port as well as an industrial center. One of the most scholarly philosophers and theologians of the time, Arethas of Caesarea was born at Patrae, at around 860. By the 9th century there are strong signs the city was prosperous: the widow Danielis from Patras had accumulated immense wealth in land ownership, the carpet and textile industry, and offered critical support in the ascent of Basil I the Macedonian to the Byzantine throne. Byzantine redirects here. ... Arethas of Caesarea was born at Patrae, Greece, about 860; was, like all the eminent men of that time, a disciple of Photius. ... Danielis (9th century AD), was a widowed byzantine noblewoman from Patras. ... Basil, his son Constantine, and his second wife, emperess Eudoxia Ingerina. ...


In 1204 Patras was conquered by the Fourth Crusade, and became the seat of the Latin Duchy of Achaia within the Principality of Achaea. Captured in 1205 by William of Champlitte and Villehardouin, the city became capital and its archbishop primate of the principality of Achaea, while in 1387 De Heredia, grand master of the order of the Hospital at Rhodes, endeavoured to make himself master of Achaea and took Patras by storm. In 1408, Patras became Venetian, and by the close of the 15th century the city was governed by the archbishop in the name of the pope. It was nevertheless seized once more by the despot Constantine in 1430, who was immediately contested by the Ottoman Empire. The Entry of the Crusaders into Constantinople (Eugène Delacroix, 1840). ... The Principality of Achaea was one of the three vassal states of the Latin Empire which replaced the Byzantine Empire after the capture of Constantinople during the Fourth Crusade. ... William of Champlitte (died 1209) was a participant on the Fourth Crusade, and the first Prince of Achaea. ... 1. ... This article is about the Greek island of Rhodes. ... Borders of the Republic of Venice in 1796 Capital Venice Language(s) Venetian, Latin, Italian Religion Roman Catholic Government Republic Doge  - 1789–97 Ludovico Manin History  - Established 697  - Treaty of Zara June 27, 1358  - Treaty of Leoben April 17, 1797 * Traditionally, the establishment of the Republic is dated to 697. ... For other uses, see Pope (disambiguation). ... The Despotate of Morea in 1450, showing Mystras. ... Constantine XI: The last Byzantine emperor is considered a saint by the Eastern Orthodox Church. ...


In 1458 Patras was conquered by the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmet II. Under the Ottomans, it was known as Baliabadra, from the Greek Παλαιά Πάτρα, the town, as opposed to Νέα Πάτρα, the fortress. Though Mehmet granted the city special privileges and tax reductions, it never became a major centre of commerce. Venice and Genoa attacked and captured it several times during the 15th and 16th centuries, but never re-established their rule effectively.[8]. It was here that the Greek Revolution began[9]; but the Turks, confined to the citadel, held out until 1828. Ottoman redirects here. ... Mehmed II Mehmed II (March 30, 1432 – May 3, 1481; nicknamed el-Fatih, the Conqueror) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire for a short time from 1444 to 1446, and later from 1451 to 1481. ... For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Genoa (disambiguation). ... Combatants Greek guerilla forces Ottoman Empire forces Commanders Kolokotronis Vrionis, Ibrahim Pasha Strength Casualties {{{notes}}} The Greek War of Independence, also known as the Greek Revolution, was a successful war waged by the Greeks between 1821 and 1827 to win independence from the Ottoman Empire. ...


Patras was liberated on 7 October 1828 by the French expeditionary force in the Peloponnese, under the command of General Maison. Patras developed quickly into the second largest urban centre in late 19th century Greece.[10] The city benefited from its role as the main export port for the agricultural produce of the Peloponnese.[11] is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1828 (MDCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Nicolas Joseph Maison (December 19, 1770 - February 13, 1840), born in Épinay-sur-Seine, was a Marshal of France and Minister of War. ...


In the early 20th century, Patras developed fast and became the first Greek city to introduce public streetlights and electrified tramways.[12] The war effort necessitated by the first World War hampered the city's development and also created uncontrollable urban sprawl with the influx of refugees from Asia Minor. During the Second World War, the city was a major target of Italian air raids; during the period of Axis occupation, a German military command was established and German and Italian troops stationed in the city. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Urban sprawl, also known as suburban sprawl, is the spreading out of a city and its suburbs over rural land at the fringe of an urban area. ... Anatolia (Greek: ανατολη anatole, rising of the sun or East; compare Orient and Levant, by popular etymology Turkish Anadolu to ana mother and dolu filled), also called by the Latin name of Asia Minor, is a region of Southwest Asia which corresponds today to the Asian portion of Turkey. ... Strategic bombing is a military strategem used in a total war style campaign that attempts to destroy the economic ability of a nation-state to wage war. ...


Urban Landscape

Patras' western seafront
Patras' western seafront
Psila Alonia Square
Psila Alonia Square
The Old Lighthouse (replica of the original lighthouse of Patras)

The city is divided into the upper and the lower sections, connected with roads and broad stairs. The upper section is the older and the more picturesque ; however, the lower sections are attractively laid out, featuring a variety of squares in a unique geometric pattern. The most notable of these are the Psila Alonia and the Georgiou I . A number of exquisite neoclassical buildings are to be found, including the '' "Apollon" Theatre in Georgiou I Square, the Town Hall, the headquarters of the Local Trade Association and the Court of Justice. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 4. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 4. ... Image File history File links Oldlighthouse. ... Image File history File links Oldlighthouse. ...


The most significant ancient monument, open to the public, is the Roman Odeon, now reconstructed and in use as an open-air theatre used for performances and concerts during the summer months. Overlooking the whole town is the ruined Castle, whose current outline dates back to the Venetian invasion of the town (1687-1715). Today, its interior is used as a public garden.


Near the seafront, between the sites of the new and the old port, stands the monumental church of Saint Andrew, the patron Saint of the city and the largest church of Greece.[13] A replica of the city's emblematic old lighthouse, built as a part of a coastline beautification project, rises at a nearby park. Generally, much of Patras' coastline is framed by roads and avenues running alongside; these include Dymaion Coast to the south and Iroon Polytechneiou Road to the north. Unfortunately, due to insufficient urban planning as well as institutional weaknesses on behalf of the City Council (mainly due to a lack of proper financial planning), some of the city's coastal areas are not in an ideal condition, with several areas illegally occupied by shops built along the coastline. This is contrary to what the Constitution of Greece of 2001 declares; that the Greek coastline is a "national treasure", and as such belongs to the Greek people. The Syntagma (Σύνταγμα), the Constitution of Greece is resolved by the Fifth Revisionary Parliament of the Hellenes and entered into force in 1975. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ...


Architecture

St. Andrew's chuch
St. Andrew's chuch

The city is endowed with many neoclassical buildings and mansions dating since the late 19th and the early 20th centuries. In the past, years of neglect and the absence of protection enforcement, as well as recent earthquakes had contributed to the destruction of several such examples. Today, however, most surviving neoclassical buildings are under a strict protection status. The project for the restoration of the city's architectural heritage is part of the 2006 Cultural Capital bid. Several (Λαϊκή)laikê (produce markets) take place across the city's neighborhoods on weekdays and on Saturdays. Image File history File links Agiandreas. ... Image File history File links Agiandreas. ... Late Baroque classicizing: G. P. Pannini assembles the canon of Roman ruins and Roman sculpture into one vast imaginary gallery (1756) Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that... A street market is an outdoor market such as traditionally held in a market square in a market town, and are often held only on particular days of the week. ...


Landmarks

The Achaia region is home to 4 museums, including the Patras Archaeological Museum and the Museum for the Sacrifice of the people of Kalavrita.[14] The region is also home to various Ancient Greek and Byzantine Monuments, including the Roman Odeum, the Castle of Rio and the Fortress of Patras.[14]

Panoramic view of Patras at night
Panoramic view of Patras at night

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2556x841, 1372 KB)Patras at night. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2556x841, 1372 KB)Patras at night. ...

City Plan

The first city plan of Patras, 1829
The first city plan of Patras, 1829

Patras is the first city of the modern Greek state to develop a city plan. In January 1829, Stamatis Voulgaris, a Greek engineer of the French army, presented the plan of the new city of Patras to the Governor Kapodistrias, who approved it. Voulgaris applied the orthogonal rule in the urban complex of Patras. The plan was divided into two sectors, the upper and the lower city, with a different city block layout. The plan was revised in 1858 and was the proposal that was finally used. statue of John Capodistria in Panepistimiou Street, Athens John Capodistria, (in Greek Ioannis Kapodistrias or Ιωάννης Καποδίστριας, and in Italian Giovanni Capo dIstria, Count Capo dIstria) (February 11, 1776 - October 9, 1831), Greek-born diplomat of the Russian Empire and later first head of state of independent Greece...


Neighbourhoods and Districts

Main article: List of neighbourhoods in Patras
Patras city districts
Patras city districts

This article is a list of neighbourhoods in Patras. ...

Suburbs

Nowadays, the municipalities of Rio and Antirrio have functionally become a part of the wider urban complex of Patras, other suburbs are: Rio (Greek: Modern: Ρίο Rio, Ancient: Ρίον Rion, Latin: Rhion or Rhium) is a suburban town north of Patras, Greece, with a population of around 13,000. ... Antirio (Greek: Modern, Αντίρριο, also pronouced as: a-DEE-ree-oh, Ancient/Katharevousa: _n), older spellings Antirrio, Antirrion, Antirhion, Antirion, ancient spelling: Antirrhion, Latin: Antirrhium is a community lying in a cape which has its closest distance to the Peloponnese in which the Rio_Antirio bridge can now access to the...

PETROTO is a little village located near OMPLOS mountain and ACHAIA CLAUSS.It is known for its resistance on turkish forces who tried to kill everyone in this place. ... Saravali is a surname Saravali (Greek: Σαράβαλι , before the 1970s, -ον, Saraválion)is a community located 6 km SE of the centre and a suburb of Patras, Greece, north of Ovrya, northeast of Mintilogi and 9 km W of the Iera Moni Omplou/Omplos Monastery. ... Mintilogi, pro. ... Monodendri (Greek: Μόνοδενδρι, before the abandonment of Katharevousa, -ion, older form Monodendrion, is a community that is located 10 km south and a suburb of Patras, Greece. ... Paralia (Greek: Παραλία meaning beach hence its coastline) is a municipality and a community 6 km south of and a suburb of Patras. ... There are communities and a municipality that have the name Vrachneika, pronunciation: vrakh-NAY-ee-kah (Greek: Βραχνέικα, Βραχναίικα until the 1990s,also Vrahneika) in Greece: Vrachnaiika, rarely Vrachnaiika or Vrahneika (the municipality, Greek: Dêmos/Dimos Vrachnaiikon) is a community and a municipality that is 12 km south of and... Roitika (Greek: Ροίτικα) is a community that is located in the municipality of Paralia, and south of Paralia which forms a boundary to its south. ... There is another Tsoukaleika in the prefecture of Messenia, see Tsoukaleika (Messenia), Greece (pop: 315) Tsoukaleika(Greek: Τσουκαλέικα, older form: Τσουκαλαίικα), older forms Tsoukalaiika, is a village in the municipality of Vrachneika in the northern part of the prefecture of Achaia and sometimes the southermost place in the metropolitan area...

Demographics

The urban area of Patras includes the towns of Rion (12,674), Paralia (9,153), Vrachneika (4,805) and Messatida (12,246), comprising 18,5% of the urban population. This is a town that uses the same modern name, for other uses see Rio Rio or Rion, Latin: Rhion or Rhium (Greek: Modern: Ρίο Rio, Ancient: Ρίον Rion) is a suburban town north of Patras, Greece. ... Paralia (Greek: Παραλία meaning beach hence its coastline) is a municipality and a community 6 km south of and a suburb of Patras. ... Vrachnaiika or Vrachneika (Greek: Βραχνέικα, Βραχναίικα until the 1990s, pronunciation: vrakh-NAY-ee-kah) is a community and a municipality that is 12 km south of and a suburb of Patras, Greece, between the city and Kato Achaia. ... The Municipality of Messatida, also: Messatis is an administrative district in Greece. ...

Historical Population[15][16][17]
Year Patras Urban Area
1853 15,854 19,499
1861 18,342 23,020
1870 16,641 26,190
1879 25,494 34,227
1889 33,529 44,970
1896 37,985 51,932
1907 37,728 -
1920 52,174 -
1928 61,278 -
1951 87,570 94,192
1961 96,100 103,985
1971 112,228 120,847
1981 142,163 154,596
1991 161,782 190,463
2001 171,616 210,494
2007 (est.) 180,000 230,000
Population of Patras (dark blue) and the urban area of Patras (blue) from 1853 to 2007.
Population of Patras (dark blue) and the urban area of Patras (blue) from 1853 to 2007.
Patras suburbs
Patras suburbs

Government

Patras is the regional capital of Western Greece and the capital of the Achaea prefecture (the 5th most populous prefecture of Greece). The city is going to be the capital of one of the newly proposed regions of Greece, including Peloponnese and Ionian Islands. Categories: Greece geography stubs ... Achaea (Greek: , Achaïa; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is an ancient province and a present prefecture of Greece, on the northern coast of the Peloponnese, stretching from the mountain ranges of Erymanthus and Cyllene on the south to a narrow strip of fertile land on the... This is a list of the prefectures of Greece, in order of descending population (in 2005). ... Peloponnese (Greek: Πελοπόννησος, Peloponnesos), is a periphery in southern Greece. ... The Ionian Islands (Modern Greek: Ιόνια νησιά, Ionia nisia; Ancient Greek: , Ionioi Nēsoi) are a group of islands in Greece. ...


Consulates

The city hosts consulates from several European countries (the only exception is the Lebanon consulate) The term Consulate can refer to: the office or the period in office of a consul a diplomatic consulate the French Consulate which governed between 1799 and 1804 a brand of menthol cigarettes Consulate This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share...

  • Flag of the United Kingdom British Honorary Vice Consulate
  • Flag of Italy Honorary Consulate of Italy
  • Flag of Germany Consulate of Germany
  • Flag of Switzerland Consulate of Switzerland
  • Flag of Austria Consulate of Austria
  • Flag of Norway Royal Norwegian Honorary Consulate
  • Flag of Sweden Consulate of Sweden
  • Flag of Finland Finland's Honorary Consulate
  • Flag of Denmark Royal Danish Consulate
  • Flag of the Netherlands Honorary Consulate of Netherlands

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Embassy of Finland in Prague Finnish Embassy in Canberra Finnish Embassy in Washington DC Finland has a streamlined diplomatic network that uses consulates sparingly. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Estonia. ... Estonian embassy in Washington DC Estonia (re-)established a foreign ministry on 12 April 1990 while the country was slowly becoming independent from the Soviet Union, with the symbols and instruments of soverignty were progressively being reintroduced. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lebanon. ...

Infrastructure

Port of Patras
Port of Patras

In the past, Patras lacked public investment in infrastructure. In recent years, this trend has changed significantly. Several important works have been recently completed to serve Patras as an Olympic city, a European Capital of Culture and one of the most populous Greek cities. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 4. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 4. ...


The city has always been a sea-trade hub due to its strategic position. The port manages more than half of the foreign sea-passenger transportation in Greece.[18] It has excellent car-ferry links with the Ionian islands and the major Adriatic ports of Italy. Additionally, a new port is under construction in the southern section of the city to accommodate the increased traffic and relieve the city center from the port operations.[19] The Ionian Islands (Modern Greek: Ιόνια νησιά, Ionia nisia; Ancient Greek: , Ionioi Nēsoi) are a group of islands in Greece. ... The Adriatic Sea is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea separating the Apennine peninsula (Italy) from the Balkan peninsula, and the system of the Apennine Mountains from that of the Dinaric Alps and adjacent ranges. ...


A newly constructed, 20 km ring road was first opened in 2002 in order to alleviate heavy traffic throughout the city.[20] A mini ring road is now being constructed to alleviate heavy traffic-related problems in the city centre.[21] Two large highways are under construction that will connect the seacoast and the new port with the external ring road that surrounds the city of Patras. The first is over the small Diakoniaris river while the second consists of two roads, 4 km each, that will run in parallel with the Glaykos river.[22][23] Another project will lead to an additional entrance to the downtown area by expanding the Kanakari street. Greek National Road 9 is the second-longest national highway that runs into the Peloponnese. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


The highway connection with Athens and Pyrgos is to be drastically upgraded.[24] Patras will also be the central hub of the Ionia Odos highway that will bridge western Greece from Kalamata to Ioannina. Pyrgos (Greek: Πύργος) is the capital of the Prefecture of Elis in Greece. ... Kalamata (Greek, Modern: Καλαμάτα, Ancient/Katharevousa: -ai), older forms: Kalamai is a city in southern Greece, on the Peloponnesos, by the Mediterranean. ... This article is about the Greek city. ...

Rio-Antirio bridge.

The impressive Rio-Antirio bridge is located to the north of the city and links Peloponnese to mainland Greece. It was completed in August 2004. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 647 KB) Summary Photo taken in August 2004 while cruising under the bridge. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 647 KB) Summary Photo taken in August 2004 while cruising under the bridge. ... The Rio-Antirio bridge (Greek: Γέφυρα Ρίου-Αντίρριου), officially called Charilaos Trikoupis bridge after the statesman who first envisaged it, is a cable-stayed bridge crossing the Gulf of Corinth near Patras, linking the town of Rio on the Peloponnese to Antirio on mainland Greece, thus connecting the peninsula with the rest of... Greece and the Peloponnese The Peloponnese or Peloponnesus (Greek: Πελοπόννησος Peloponnesos; see also List of Greek place names) is a large peninsula in southern Greece, forming the part of the country south of the Gulf of Corinth. ...


A rudimentary single, narrow gauge railway track crosses the city and connects it to Athens and to Pyrgos-Kalamata, while the central passenger train station lies to the west of the downtown area, between Aghiou Nikolaou Street and Othonos-Amalias Avenue. The main freight station of Aghios Andreas lies further to the south, next to the homonymous church. Finally, the old depot of Aghios Dionysios, consisting of about ten tracks, offers basic turntable and roundhouse facilities ; its length is approximately 400m. A new standard gauge railway to Korinth and further to Athens is under construction. A single track railway A single track railway is one where traffic in both directions shares the same track. ... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... Temple of Apollo at Corinth Corinth, or Korinth (Κόρινθος) is a Greek city, on the Isthmus of Corinth, the original isthmus, the narrow stretch of land that joins the Peloponnesus to the mainland of Greece. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ...


Other heavy infrastructure works include the Peiros-Parapeiros dam (to provide water supply for Patras and surrounding towns)[25] and a "small industries" park that will be constructed next to the Glaykos river and provide an easy connection with the new port.


The city is one of the main Greek internet and GRNET hubs and is connected with high speed lines to Athens as part of the backbone. A metropolitan optical network will be deployed in the city, with a total length of 48 km.[26] Grnet is one of the many Greek IRC networks. ...


Two major state hospitals operate in the city: the Saint Andreas Hospital is the oldest of the two; named after the city's patron saint. The University Hospital of Rio is a prominent university hospital, where intern medical students specialize on their major. There exist, in addition, two smaller state hospitals, Karamandanio - children's hospital, and the Center of Chest Diseases of Southwest Greece, and the Greek army operates the 409 army hospital in the city. A large range of private hospitals and clinics operate in parallel.


Numerous art venues[27] and an ultra-modern archaeological museum[28] were constructed for the needs of European Culture Capital designation. The cultural and educational facilities include the city and university libraries, many theaters and a municipal art gallery, [29] in the host city of the University of Patras, the Hellenic Open University and the Technical Institute of Patras. A number of research facilities also surround the university.


Economy

The economy of the city largely depends on a thriving service sector. Its main economic activities include retailing, logistics, financial and the public sector services. Patras suffered a severe problem of deindustrialization during the late 1980s and 1990s; a number of major productive units shut down in successive order. As a result, a considerable portion of the city's workforce and the city's economic planning in its entirety had to be re-evaluated and restructured by the authorities. The University of Patras contributed by working towards this goal, using its widely respected service and technology sectors. The area still retains some of its traditional winemaking and foodstuff industries as well as a small agricultural sector, and its industrial area lies approximately 20 km to the south of the downtown area, located between the 16th km of GR-9 and Fares/Phares (pro. FAH-rehs). Major businesses in Patras include: Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Greek economy is growing fast after the implementation of stabilization policies in recent years. ... Topics of Greece Culture - Education Geography - History - Politics Greece Portal Greece attracts well over 16 million tourists a year contributing 15% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the nations Economy. ... Deindustrialization is the process by which the manufacturing-based economy of a country or region declines. ... Pharae redirects here, for the ancient city in the modern Messinia prefecture, see Pharae, Messinia Farres or Fares (Greek, Modern: Φαρές, Katharevousa: -ον -ai or -e), older forms: -ai and -e, Ancient and Latin form: Pharae, Ancient Greek form: Pharai is a Greek village located 14 km south of Patras, about 135...


Service sector

  • Transport
(Araxos airport, Hellenic Railways, Port of Patras, Seaplanes, Ιntercity Buses). Also large logistic and freight transportation companies.
  • Tertiary Education
(University of Patras, Hellenic Open University, TEI of Patras)
  • Regional Hospital
(Agios Andreas Hospital, Patras University Hospital, Olympion S.A.)
  • Administration
(Capital of West Greece region, and Achaea prefecture)
  • Logistics
  • Banking

Most Greek Banks have their regional headquarters for Western Greece located in Patras. Araxos (Greek: Άραξος), Latin form: Araxus is a village located in the municipality of Larissos in the northwestern part of the prefecture of Achaia. ... Organismós Sidirodrómon Elládos (Greek: Οργανισμός Σιδηροδρόμων Ελλάδος, the Hellenic Railways Organisation) is the Greek national railway company, operating both freight and passenger trains on a network which includes lines in the Peloponnese, mainland Greece, parts of Macedonia and Thrace, as well as new lines connecting Thessaloniki to Istanbul and Sofia. ... University of Patras (Greek: Πανεπιστήμιο Πατρών Panepistimio Patron) is a university located 6 km northeast of downtown Patras, 3 km S of the Rio-Antirio bridge, 206 km W of Athens, 106 km NE of Pyrgos and 2 km east of Rhio, Greece. ... The Open University of Greece (Hellas Open University - HOU) was founded in 1992 in Patra. ... Categories: Greece geography stubs ... Achaea (Greek: , Achaïa; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is an ancient province and a present prefecture of Greece, on the northern coast of the Peloponnese, stretching from the mountain ranges of Erymanthus and Cyllene on the south to a narrow strip of fertile land on the...

  • Construction & Real estate

Numerous small local companies are involved in the construction sector.

  • Retailing

Most of the large retail and super-market chains operate in the city. Patras has also some local but dynamic companies.

  • Tourism (The prefecture has 4.800 hotels rooms and 286.000 tourists for 2006, mainly Greeks, that stayed for a total of 634.000 days.[30][31]

Manufacturing

TITAN operates a large cement factory, with a private port, in Psathopyrgos,a suburb of Patras. TITAN Cement Company S.A. is a large cement producing company, based in Athens, Greece. ... There is also a tower named Psathopyrgos on the island of Ios, see Psathopyrgos (tower) Psathopyrgos or Psathopirgos (Greek: Ψαθόπυργος fr. ...

  • Foodstuff

The most numerous industries in the city include many local juice and drinks producers and two large facilities from Coca-Cola HBC and Athenian Brewery. The largest local company in soft-drinks production is LOUX (ΛΟΥΞ). The city is also home to many leading Greek wineries and distilleries, among them the venerable Achaia-Clauss. In the food sector, Friesland, through the local subsidiary NOYNOY, operates a new yogurt factory in the industrial area. Patras is also home to important fish-farming companies (Andromeda, Nireus)[32][33]. The city hosts the second largest flour-mills in Greece, KEPENOU-MILLS[34]. Dutch Heineken bottle Heineken International owns a worldwide portfolio of over 170 beer brands, mainly pale lager, though some other beer styles are produced. ... Achaia Clauss is a venerable Greek winery located in Patras, Peloponnese. ... Capital Leeuwarden Queens Commissioner drs. ... Gristmill with water wheel, Skyline Drive, VA, 1938 A gristmill is a building where grain is ground into flour. ...

  • Pharmaceutical production.

CBL is headquartered in Patras and Vianex, of the Greek businessman Pavlos Giannakopoulos, has its largest production facilities in the industrial area of the city[35]. Pavlos Giannakopoulos is a Greek businessman and co-owner, along with his brother Thanassis Giannakopoulos, of pharmaceutical corporation Vianex, which was originally founded by their father Dimitrios Giannakopoulos, in 1924, as a small local importer and distributor firm. ...

  • Textiles

The omnipresent textile industry of the city is now almost defunct after the shut-down of the huge factory of Piraiki-Patraiki ("Πειραϊκή-Πατραϊκή"), followed by numerous smaller textile industries. The remains of the facilities, still cover hundreds of acres in the south side of the city. Nowadays, Patras companies focus in dress production, the most important amongst them being DUR. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...

  • Machinery

Patras has several packing and industrial equipment companies. The most important of them are the local Antzoulatos and the multinational Frigoglass, a subsidiary of Coca Cola HBC, headquartered in the suburbs of Patras. IDEAL is also, one of the leading bike producers in Greece, with large export activities. A multinational corporation (or transnational corporation) (MNC/TNC) is a corporation or enterprise that manages production establishments or delivers services in at least two countries. ...

  • Timber and Paper.

Patras hosts several timber manufacturing companies, and a wood distribution center of Shelman. The largest local company is ABEX[36]. The paper sector is also active including a paper-factory belonging to Georgia-Pacific (Delica) and two important Greek companies, ELITE and El-pack, headquartered in the city. Georgia-Pacific Corp. ...

  • Energy

Acciona has recently completed the largest wind park in Greece, on the Panachaiko mountain, overlooking the city of Patras[37]. The Public Electric Company, operates a small hydroelectric plant on river Glafkos[38] Acciona Trasmediterránea is a Spanish ferry company. ... A wind farm is a collection of wind turbines in the same location. ... Computer generated view of Patras with Panachaiko The Panachaicus (Greek, Modern: Παναχαϊκό, Ancient/Katharevousa: -on, commonly Panachaïkos or Panachaiko and Panahaiko, Voidia or Vodia in medieval, post-medieval and until the beginning of the 20th century. ... The Glafkos river is a river in Greece, the first hydroelectric power plant was built on this river. ...


Research

There has been a significant development in the R&D sector, during the last years, as a result of the many research institutes and the University impact in the area. The Computer Technology Institute and the Industrial Systems Institute[39] of Greece are headquartered in Patras. The city is also a host to the FORTH-ICE-HT (Institute of Chemical Engineering & High Temperature Chemical Processes)[40] and the Institute of Biomedical Technology.[41] The phrase research and development (also R and D or, more often, R&D), according to the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development, refers to creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use... The Foundation for Research & Technology - Hellas (Greek: Ίδρυμα Τεχνολογίας και Έρευνας) is a research centre in Greece, supervised by the Hellenic Ministry of Development. ...


Atmel Corporation has an important R&D facility in Patras with more than 200 employees.[42] Bytemobile has its European Development Center in Patras.[43] INTRACOM facilities in Patras house the offices of Telecommunications Software Development, Terminal Equipment Design, Development Programmes, and Support Services divisions. Expansion plans have recently been completed.[44] CBL Patras, a global manufacturer of specialty chemicals and active pharmaceutical ingredients, is a startup from a professor of the University of Patras.[45] Patras science park is an incubator for many small but upcoming technology companies.[46][47] Atmel ATMEGA32 microcontroller Atmel AT90S2333 microcontroller Atmel Corporation (NASDAQ: ATML) is a manufacturer of semiconductors, founded in 1984. ... Intracom is a major Greek company,specialising in computer and defense system software developement. ... University of Patras (Greek: Πανεπιστήμιο Πατρών Panepistimio Patron) is a university located 6 km northeast of downtown Patras, 3 km S of the Rio-Antirio bridge, 206 km W of Athens, 106 km NE of Pyrgos and 2 km east of Rhio, Greece. ...


Media

There are around 10 local radio stations (including Super B, Top FM, Step FM and more) and 4 television stations, one covering the entire south-western region of Greece and 3 stations broadcasting only in the prefecture of Achaia (see Achaea#Television). The main newspapers are the Peloponnisos[1] and Imera. More newspapers are, Epi ta proso, To Gegononta tis Achaias, Gnomi, Kosmos tis Patras, Proodos and Simerini Fanzines include Splats. Super B is a Greek local radio and television station serving all of the Achaia prefecture. ... This article is about the modern Greek district Achaea. ... Achaea (Greek: , Achaïa; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is an ancient province and a present prefecture of Greece, on the northern coast of the Peloponnese, stretching from the mountain ranges of Erymanthus and Cyllene on the south to a narrow strip of fertile land on the... Peloponnisos (Greek Πελοπόννησος) is a Greek regional daily newspaper published in Patras, the capital of the Peloponnese peninsula from which it takes its name. ... Frontpage of Epi ta Proso. ... Kosmos (Greek: Κόσμος της Πάτρας, English: The People of Patras) is a weekly newspaper that was founded in 2007 from Kosmos E.P.E. and is based in Patras in the Achaea prefecture in Greece. ... Proodos (Greek: Πρόοδος, English: Progress) was a weekly newspaper based in Patras in the Achaea prefecture in Greece that was founded in 1929 and existed for several months. ... Splats (Greek: Σπλατς) is a fanzine with comics. ...


Culture

Patras Carnival the float of the king of Carnival

The current cultural activity of the city includes the Patras International Festival (various artistic activities, mainly in the field of music), the Patras Carnival and the Poetry Symposium. [48][49] The city hosts several conservatoires and schools of music, including one devoted exclusively to Byzantine music, and several orchestras and choirs. There is one full-time theatre group in the city, as well as several amateur groups.[50] A number of schools teach dancing, and there are plans to set up a dance theatre within the context of the Patras Municipal Regional Theatre. Patras has a visual arts workshop, a school of icon painting and a carnival float workshop, and hosts a Municipal Gallery as well as private art galleries; there is also a Municipal Library, an archaeological museum, a folk art museum, an historical and ethnological museum and a museum of the press. The architectural heritage of the city is dominated by neo-classicism, but also includes structures from other periods. took at 26/2/2004 by KC Cheung File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... took at 26/2/2004 by KC Cheung File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Patras Carnival the float of the queen of Carnival Main article: Patras The Patras Carnival is the largest event of its kind in Greece and one of the biggest in Europe. ...


Festivals

Main article: Patras Carnival
  • The Patras Carnival, Patrino karnavali is the largest event of its kind in Greece and one of the biggest in Europe, with a heritage reaching back 160 years. The events begin on January 17 and lasts until Clean Monday. The carnival is not a single event but a variety of events that include balls, parades, a children's carnival and artistic projects. Its apogee comes in the last weekend of Carnival with the Saturday evening parade of carnival groups, the extravagant Sunday parade of floats and groups, and finally the ritual burning of king carnival in the mole of Saint Nikolaos street in the harbour of Patras. Its characteristic principles are spontaneity, improvisation, inspiration and volunteerism.
  • The International Festival of Patras takes place every summer, with a program consisting mostly of plays--both ancient drama and modern theatre--as well as various musical events.

Patras Carnival the float of the queen of Carnival Main article: Patras The Patras Carnival is the largest event of its kind in Greece and one of the biggest in Europe. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Clean Monday (Greek: Καθαρή Δευτέρα), also known as Ash Monday or (in Cyprus only) Green Monday, is the first day of the Eastern Orthodox Christian lent. ... A float is a decorated platform, either built on a vehicle or towed behind one, which is a component of many festive parades, such as the Macys Thanksgiving Day Parade and the Tournament of Roses Parade. ...

Theatre

Main article: Patras Municipal and Regional Theatre

The Patras Municipal Theatre was founded in June 1988 and was renamed as Patras Municipal and Regional Theatre in 1989. Its founding artistic directors were the actors Maya Liberopoulou and Viktor Arditis. The theatre draws its funding from the Municipality of Patras and the Ministry of culture. Its main stage is the landmark Apollon Theatre. Throughout its existence it has produced critically acclaimed plays that cover ancient dramaturgy, modern Greek and international repertoire. Other theatre groups are the Viomichaniki(Industrial) and Michani Technis (Art Machine). The ancient Roman Odeum hosts ancient dramas in the summer months, while the Pantheon theatre and the Art Factory, the Lithographeion and Agora theatres are some additional theatre buildings. Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Dramaturgy is the art of dramatic composition and the representation of the main elements of drama on the stage. ...


Music scene

Patras also has a very strong indie rock scene with critically acclaimed bands such as Raining Pleasure, Abbie Gale, Serpentine, Doh an Doris and others. Patras is also the birthplace of Karagiozis, the Greek shadow theatre, with Dimitris Sardounis as its founder. Indie rock is a subgenre of rock music often used to refer to bands that are on small independent record labels or that arent on labels at all. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Karagiozis (Greek: Καραγκιόζης, from Turkish: Karagöz) is a shadow puppet and fictional character of Greek traditional folklore inspired from an Ottoman Turkish counterpart who was known as Karagöz. ...


European Capital of Culture 2006

Patras 2006 logo
Patras 2006 logo
Cultural Capital leaflet

Patras was chosen by the European Commission to be the European Capital of Culture for the year 2006. The concept of the event revolved around the main theme of "Bridges" and "Links", taking benefit from the City's rich history and its position as a "Gate to the West", to underline the essence of the productive interaction of culture and civilisation in Europe. The EU Commission found Patras' plans very ambitious and also commented that a successful hosting of the title by a medium sized city would make it possible to redefine the meaning of the term Cultural Capital. During 2006 various cultural events took place. Image File history File links Button_europeancapital_en. ... Image File history File links Button_europeancapital_en. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (763x1132, 201 KB) Summary Advertising material of the Cultural Capital, http://patras2006. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (763x1132, 201 KB) Summary Advertising material of the Cultural Capital, http://patras2006. ... Berlaymont, the Commissions seat The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive branch of the European Union. ... The European Capital of Culture is a city designated by the European Union for a period of one year during which it is given a chance to showcase its cultural life and cultural development. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


The Selection Panel for 2006 noted in its final report:


The current cultural activity of the city includes the Patras International Festival (various artistic activities, mainly in the field of music), the Patras Carnival and the (organized each year for the 25 years by an ad hoc committee at the University of Patras).[51][52] The city hosts several conservatoires and schools of music, including one devoted exclusively to Byzantine music, and several orchestras and choirs. There is one full-time theatre group in the city, the, as well as several amateur groups.[53] A number of schools teach dancing, and there are plans to set up a dance theatre within the context of the Patras Municipal Regional Theatre. Patras has a visual arts workshop, a school of icon painting and a carnival float workshop, and hosts a Municipal Gallery as well as private art galleries. The city has a Municipal Library, an archaeological museum, a folk art museum, an historical and ethnological museum and a museum of the press. The architectural heritage of the city is dominated by neo-classicism, but includes also constructions from other periods.


The Patras 2006 proposal focuses on two central ideas: “bridges” and “dialogues”. Cultural managers from Patras and the general public will be involved in developing these ideas. Further, four poles/programmes of cultural attraction will be developed. The first, “A city for Europe”, will relate to the architectural heritage, the industrial revolution and similar subjects. “The counterpart cities” programme will be developed in the fields of human and social sciences and in diverse artistic fields. “The three sea battles” will present a cultural programme focusing on peace and understanding. The last theme, “The many homelands”, is directly linked to the etymology of the name of the city. This programme will amongst other things concentrate on art workshops, the transfer of know-how, way of life and entertainment. Excerpt from the Report of the Selection Panel for the European Capital of Culture 2006[54][55]


With the completion of the Capital of Culture programme, a part old factory was renovated to host exhibitions and house a small theatre, and neoclassical buildings around the city were renovated as part of a plan to preserve the city's architectural heritage and link it to its cultural life.


A major new archaeological museum is being built, which with its globe-like roof and modern architectural design, will enhance the town's northern entrance and take its place among the other town landmarks.


Sports

Main article: Patras Sports

Patras has many sports facilities and important teams in all the major Greek leagues. Panachaiki Gymnastiki Enosi, Apollon Patras and EA Patras are the major sports club based in Patras, the first specializing in football, the second in basketball and the third in volleyball. Sports Clubs based in Patras, Greece Apollon Patras Apolloniada Patras Achilleas Patras AC - Patras, fourth division AEK Patras FC - Patras, fourth division Aetos Patras - Patras, fourth division Aris Patras A.O. Ampelokipi Patras A.O. Anagenisi Patras Agyia FC - Patras (Agyia), fourth division Albatross Glyfadas Patras - Patras, fourth division AS... Panachaiki Gymnastiki Enosi is a Greek sports club based in Patras. ... A.U. Apollon Patras (Greek: ) is a sporting club that includes basketball, football and others. ... A sports club, athletics club or sports association is an eclectic institution oriented to multiple sports, which fields many teams and has varied sports departments in several sports, working under the same umbrella organization. ...

Logo Club Leagues Venue (Capacity) Established
Panachaiki Third Division - football Kostas Davourlis Stadium 11.321 1891
Thyella Third Division - football Fotis Aravantinos Stadium 3.000 1930
Apollon Patras A2 Ethniki - basketball Apollon Arena - Perivola 4.150 1926
Olympiada Patras Logo Olympiada Patras First Division - basketball Dimitris Tofalos Arena 4.150 1961
EA Patras First Division - volleyball EAP Arena - Agios Dionysios 2.200 1927
NE Patras First Division - water polo Antonis Pepanos 3.000 2006
NO Patras Second Division - water polo NOP Aquatic Centre - Akti Dymeon 2.000 1929

Panachaiki, known officially as Panachaiki GE (Greek: Παναχαϊκή Γυμναστική Ένωση - Panachaiki Gymnastiki Enosi), the Pan-Achaean Gymnastic Union, is a Greek multisport club based in the city of Patras, Greece. ... Gamma Ethniki (Greek: Γ Εθνικη or Τρίτη Εθνική Κατηγορία; Third National Division) is the Third highest professional football league in Greece. ... Soccer redirects here. ... el:Στάδιο Κώστας Δαβουρλής of the Greek Wikipedia published under GFDL. Kostas Davourlis Stadium is a stadium in Patras, Greece. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The first version of this article has been based in the text of el:Α.Π.Σ. Θύελλα of the Greek Wikipedia published under the GFDL. Thyella (Τempest)(Greek: Α.Π.Σ. Θύελλα ) is an athletic club in Patras in the Achaia prefecture. ... Gamma Ethniki (Greek: Γ Εθνικη or Τρίτη Εθνική Κατηγορία; Third National Division) is the Third highest professional football league in Greece. ... Soccer redirects here. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A.U. Apollon Patras (Greek: ) is a sporting club that includes basketball, football and others. ... This article is about the sport. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... // The Olympias of The Patras Athletic Company (Greek: Αθλητική Εταιρεία Πατρών Ολυμπιάς Athlitiki Etaireia Patron Olympias) is a Greek professional basketball club that was founded in 1961 and was founded in a tavern owned by Birba at Messolongiou Street and Fotila Streets. ... The A1 Ethniki is the highest professional basketball competition among clubs in Greece. ... This article is about the sport. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the ball used in this sport, see Volleyball (ball). ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Water polo is a team water sport. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Water polo is a team water sport. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Religion

The city is the seat of a Greek Orthodox archbishopric, while there is a living community of Roman catholics and a historical Anglican church. The Church of Greece (Greek: Ekklēsía tês Helládos, IPA: /eklisia tis elaðos/) is one of the fifteen autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches which make up the Eastern Orthodox Communion. ... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ...


People

The city boasts a relatively large number of politicians in the national political arena as its natives. Most particularly in the first century after liberation, when the city lay second only to Athens in the urban hierarchy of the country, significant personalities shaping the character of Greece were associated with Patras. Its famous natives include the prime ministers Dimitrios Gounaris the main leader of the anti-venizelist party in the 1910s, Stylianos Gonatas a high-ranking officer, politician and one of the leaders of the “1922 Revolution”, Andreas Michalakopoulos, a prominent liberal party cadre, foreign minister and prime minister, and Dimitrios Maximos a distinguished economist, minister and finally prime minister during the civil war era. More recent figures include George Papandreou (senior) leader of the Center Union and one of the most important political personalities in post World War II Greece, Panagiotis Kanellopoulos, the last democratically elected head of government before the establishment of the 1967 junta, and Costis Stephanopoulos, the former president of the Hellenic Republic. Categories: Historical stubs | 1866 births | 1922 deaths | Prime Ministers of Greece ... Venizelism was one of the major political movements in Greece from the 1900s until the mid 1970s. ... Stylianos Gonatas, General, Senator and Prime Minister of Greece Stylianos Gonatas (Greek: , 1876-1966) was a Greek military officer and Prime Minister of Greece in 1922-1924. ... Andreas Michalakopoulos (Greek: Ανδρέας Μιχαλακόπουλος) (1876 in the Achaia prefecture - 1938), an important Greek politician in the mid-war period who served as Prime Minister of Greece from October 7, 1924 to June 26, 1925 and was a close associate of the famous Eleftherios Venizelos for more than 20 years. ... Komma Fileleftheron (Greek: Κόμμα Φιλελευθέρων - literally Party of the Friends of Liberty; usually translated as Liberal Party) was one of the major Greek political parties of the early 20th Century. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Combatants Hellenic Army, Royalist forces, Republicans United Kingdom Communist Party of Greece (ELAS, DSE) Commanders Alexander Papagos, Thrasyvoulos Tsakalotos, James Van Fleet Markos Vafiadis Strength 150,000 men 50,000 men and women Casualties 15,000 killed 32,000+ killed or captured The Greek Civil War (Ελληνικός εμφύλιος πόλεμος [ellinikos emfilios polemos]) was... Georgios Papandreou, the Geros of Democracy George Papandreou (in Greek Georgios Papandreou or Γεώργιος Παπανδρέου) (18 February 1888 - 1 November 1968) was a Greek politician. ... The Center Union (Greek: Ένωση Κέντρου, Enosi Kentrou; abbreviation: EK) was the political party created in 1961 by Greek politician George Papandreou. ... Panagiotis Kanellopoulos Panagiotis Kanellopoulos (1902-1986) was a distinguished Greek politician and Prime Minister. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... The Greek military junta of 1967-1974, alternatively The Regime of the Colonels (Greek: ), or in Greece The Junta (Greek: ) and The Seven Years (Greek: ) are terms used to refer to a series of right-wing military governments that ruled Greece from 1967 to 1974. ... Kostantinos Stefanopoulos Konstantinos Stephanopoulos was born in Patras on 15 August 1926. ...

Politics Related

Sports Related Andreas Michalakopoulos (Greek: Ανδρέας Μιχαλακόπουλος) (1876 in the Achaia prefecture - 1938), an important Greek politician in the mid-war period who served as Prime Minister of Greece from October 7, 1924 to June 26, 1925 and was a close associate of the famous Eleftherios Venizelos for more than 20 years. ... Germanos was an Orthodox Metropolitan of Patras, who, on March 25, 1821, proclaimed national uprising. ... Here were two historical Prime Ministers of Greece and his relatives that had the name Zaimis (Greek: Ζαΐμης): Alexandros Zaimis (prime minister of Greece five times in the late 1890s and the early-20th century) Andreas Zaimis, a Greek minister, a soldier for the Greek War of Independence and a patriot... Categories: Historical stubs | 1866 births | 1922 deaths | Prime Ministers of Greece ... Athanasios Kanakaris (Αθανάσιος Κανακάρης) was a Greek politician. ... Benizelos Rouphos (Greek: Μπενιζέλος Ρούφος) (1795 - 1868) was a Greek politician and Prime Minister. ... Danielis (9th century AD), was a widowed byzantine noblewoman from Patras. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Georgios Papandreou, the Geros of Democracy George Papandreou (in Greek Georgios Papandreou or Γεώργιος Παπανδρέου) (18 February 1888 - 1 November 1968) was a Greek politician. ... Panagiotis Kanellopoulos Panagiotis Kanellopoulos (1902-1986) was a distinguished Greek politician and Prime Minister. ... Kostantinos Stefanopoulos Konstantinos Stephanopoulos was born in Patras on 15 August 1926. ...

Culture Related Nikolaos Andriakopoulos was a Greek gymnast. ... Nikos Barlos (Greek: Νίκος Μπάρλος; born July 12, 1979 in Patras, Greece) is a Greek professional basketball player who currently plays for Olympiacos BC. He was a member of the national team that won the silver medal in the 2005 Mediterranean Games Apollon Patras (Greece): 1999-2005. ... Stephanos Christopoulos was a Greek wrestler. ... Kostas Davourlis (Greek: Κώστας Δαβουρλής) (born 4 January 1948), popularly nicknamed The Black Prince, was a former Greek footballer (central attacking midfielder) born in Agyia, Patras. ... Themistoklis Diakidis (born August 22, 1882) was a Greek High jump athlete. ... Konstantinos (Kostas) Katsouranis (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος „Κώστας“ Κατσουράνης; born June 26, 1979 in Patras, Greece) is a Greek football player currently playing for SL Benfica, having joined them from AEK Athens FC in June 2006. ... Themis Rigas (Greek: Θέμης Ρήγας) (born 1945), popularly nicknamed The Train, is a former Greek footballer (winger) born in Patras. ... Dimitrios Tofalos (Greek: , born 1877[1] in Patras - died November 15, 1966) was a Greek weightlifter. ... Vassilis Stravopodis (Greek: Βασίλης Στραβοπόδης) (born 1948), popularly nicknamed The Wizard, is a former Greek footballer (midfielder) born in Patras. ...

Arethas of Caesarea was born at Patrae, Greece, about 860; was, like all the eminent men of that time, a disciple of Photius. ... Jean Goldkette Jean Goldkette (18 March 1893 – 24 March 1962) was a jazz pianist and bandleader. ... Mnaseas of Patrae was a Greek historian of the late 3rd century BCE, who is reckoned to have been a pupil or Eratosthenes. ... Jean Moréas (April 15, 1856 - April 30, 1910), born Iannis Papadiamontopolos, was a Greek poet who wrote in the French language. ... Matilde Serao (1856—1927) was a Greek-born Italian journalist and novelist. ... Saint Regulus or Saint Rule was a monk of the East who, in the 4th century, it is said, came to Scotland from the Greek island of Patmos with the bones of Saint Andrew, and deposited them at St Andrews. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Epameinondas Thomopoulos (Greek: Επαμεινώνδας Θωμόπουλος, 1878 - January 4, 1974) was a Greek artist who attended the academy and the first Greek impressionist. ... Memos Makris (Μέμος Μακρής in Greek) (Patras April 1, 1913 – Athens May 26, 1993) was a prominent Greek sculptor. ... Thanos Mikroutsikos (Greek: Θάνος Μικρούτσικος) (1947- ) was born in Patras, Greece and is one of the leading composers of popular and classical music in his home country. ... Dimitris Xantzopoulos is a Greek caricaturist and comics author. ...

Transportation

Airports

  • Araxos Airport is located about 40km from the city.

Roads

  • GR-5/E55
  • GR-8/E55 and E65 (partly Panepistimiou Street)
  • GR-8A
  • GR-9/E55 (partly Akti Dymaion)
  • GR-33 (partly Kalavryton, Georgiou Papandreou Street and Akrotiriou)
  • Patras Bypass

Greek National Road 5 is a highway in Western Greece. ... The European route E55 passes through the following cities: Helsingborg - Elsinore - Rostock - Berlin - Dresden - Teplice - Prague - Vienna - Ancona - Ioannina - Arta (bypasses) - Amphilochia - Agrinion - Messolonghi - Rhion * Antirrhion - Patras - Kourtesi - Marathia - Pyrgos - Epitalion - Zacharo - Kalo Nero - near Dorio - near Oichalia - Allagi - Thouria - Kalamáta From Helsingborg, the route continues northward through Sweden and... Greek National Road 8 is an old highway linking the cities of Patras, Corinth and Athens. ... The European route E55 passes through the following cities: Helsingborg - Elsinore - Rostock - Berlin - Dresden - Teplice - Prague - Vienna - Ancona - Ioannina - Arta (bypasses) - Amphilochia - Agrinion - Messolonghi - Rhion * Antirrhion - Patras - Kourtesi - Marathia - Pyrgos - Epitalion - Zacharo - Kalo Nero - near Dorio - near Oichalia - Allagi - Thouria - Kalamáta From Helsingborg, the route continues northward through Sweden and... E65 is a name of a BMW car platform: BMW E65/E66 a European road: European route E65 This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... A non-motorway part of the road Greek National Road 8A, sometimes Greek National Road 8 is a toll road running from Kifissou avenue, in Athens up to the northeast of Patras. ... Greek National Road 9 is the second-longest national highway that runs into the Peloponnese. ... The European route E55 passes through the following cities: Helsingborg - Elsinore - Rostock - Berlin - Dresden - Teplice - Prague - Vienna - Ancona - Ioannina - Arta (bypasses) - Amphilochia - Agrinion - Messolonghi - Rhion * Antirrhion - Patras - Kourtesi - Marathia - Pyrgos - Epitalion - Zacharo - Kalo Nero - near Dorio - near Oichalia - Allagi - Thouria - Kalamáta From Helsingborg, the route continues northward through Sweden and... The Akti Dymaion or the Akti Dymeon, Akti Dimeon and the Akti Dimaion (Greek: Ακτή Δυμαίων, literally the Dyme coast) is a major avenue that was part of the GR-9/E55 (Patras-Pyrgos) before the construction of the new highway and the Patras Bypass. ... Greek National Road 33 is a highway that runs from Patras, originally at Dimitris Gounaris Street, now begins at the beltway, and had a branch ending at Olympia, and ends near Vytina, and Levídi, and some think it still ends at Ellinikon near Andritsaina and Megalopolis. ...

Major streets of the city

Main article: List of streets in Patras

This article is a List of notable streets in Patras, Greece, it include some streets in its suburbs outside the municipality: 28 Oktovriou (Karolou) Street (Othonos Amalias Avenue - Korinthou) 28 Oktovriou Street in Mintilogli Afstralias Street (Notara and Aretha - 1. ... Aghiou Andreou street Agiou Andreou Street (Greek: Odos Agiou Andreou), is Patras major street running one way northbound entirely from Trion Navarcheiou Street to Agiou Dionysiou Street. ... Iroon Polytechneiou Street (Greek: Odos Iroon Polytechneiou), is Patras major street running from Othonos Amalias Avenue and Norman Street up to the EOT campground at Patras. ... This article is considered orphaned, since there are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Maizonos Street (Greek: Odos Maizonos), also Mezonos Street is Patras major street running southbound one way entirely from Agias Sofias Avenue to Eleftherios Venizelos Street. ... Patras, Othonos-Amalias Avenue Othonos Amalias Avenue (Greek: Leoforos Othonis-Amalias), is Patras major avenue running southbound one way entirely from Iroon Polytechneiou Avenue with Norman Street to Trion Navarcheiou Street with Akti Dymaion. ... The Riga Fereou Street is the main street in Patras, Greece linking with 28 Oktovriou (Karolou) Street and near Papaflessa with parts of the street running near the OSE SPAP Line. ...

Twin cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia. ... Aleksinac (Алексинац) is a town and municipality located in the NiÅ¡ava District of Serbia. ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Coordinates: , Country Poland Voivodeship Kuyavian-Pomeranian Powiat city county Gmina Bydgoszcz Established before 1238 City Rights 1346/1349 Government  - Mayor Konstanty Dombrowicz Area  - City 174. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Moldova. ... Location of ChiÅŸinău in Moldova Coordinates: , Country Founded 1436 Government  - Mayor Dorin Chirtoacă, since 2007 Area  - City 120 km²  (46. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... For other uses, see Bari (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Ancona is a city and a seaport in the Marche, a region of central Italy, population 101,909 (2005). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Albania. ... Gjirokastër, as seen from the Citadel. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Canterbury is a cathedral city in east Kent in South East England and is the seat of the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Primate of All England, head of the Church of England and of the worldwide Anglican Communion. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Reggio Calabria (officially Reggio di Calabria, Rìggiu in Calabrian dialect, Righi in Greek-Calabrian), is the largest and the oldest city in Calabria, Italy, dating back to the 8th century BC (see history below). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cyprus. ... District Limassol Government  - Mayor Andreas Christou Population (2004)  - City 201. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... County Dolj County Status County capital Mayor Antonie Solomon, Democratic Party, since 2004 Area 81. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity Republika Srpska Land area 15,000km² Population (1991 census) 195,139 230,000 Population density 126,8/km2 Coordinates Area code +387 51 Mayor Dragoljub Davidović (SNSD) Website http://www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cyprus. ... Famagusta (Greek: Αμμόχωστος, Ammochostos; Turkish: GazimaÄŸusa) is a city on the east coast of Cyprus. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Coat of arms Motto: Franco-Provençal: Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Rhône-Alpes Department Loire (42) Canton Chief town of 9 cantons Intercommunality Communauté dagglomération Saint-Étienne Métropole Mayor Michel Thiollière  (UMP) (since 2001) Statistics Altitude 422 m–1... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Savannah redirects here. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized...

Photo gallery

References

  1. ^ PDF (875 KB) 2001 Census (Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece (ΕΣΥΕ). www.statistics.gr. Retrieved on 2007-10-30.
  2. ^ (Greek) Basic Characteristics. Ministry of the Interior. www.ypes.gr. Retrieved on 2007-08-07.
  3. ^ EU Commission, Directorate General for Regional Policy, Inforegio, Urban Audit, City profile.
  4. ^ Region of Western Greece: Geography - Accessed Feb. 9, 2007
  5. ^ Thomopoulos, St. N, History of the City of Patras from Antiquity to 1821, Patrai 1952, (ed. Triantafyllou, K.N.)
  6. ^ Patras climatology data. EMY.
  7. ^ Hellenic Ornithological Society - Birds, birding and conservation in Greece
  8. ^ Encyclopaedia of Islam s.v. Baliabadra
  9. ^ Strategus Makrygiannis, "Memoirs", Book A, Chapter I, Athens, 1849, http://www.snhell.gr/testimonies/writer.asp?id=102
  10. ^ Triantafyllou, Κ.Ν., Historic Lexicon of Patras
  11. ^ Kounenaki Pegy, "19th Century Patras: how the character of the city changed with the development of the port after 1828" Kathimerini 14-10-01 http://news.kathimerini.gr/4dcgi/_w_articles_civ_491371_14/10/2001_3252
  12. ^ Thomopoulos
  13. ^ Info about St.Andrew Church by InfoCenter Patras.
  14. ^ a b Region of Western Greece: Monuments - Accessed on Feb. 9, 2007
  15. ^ 1928-1980 statistical data are from: "The population of Greece in the second half of the 20th century". Hellenic Republic. National Statistical Service of Greece. Athens 1980 & "Statistical Yearbook of Greece" Hellenic Republic. National Statistical Service of Greece. Athens 1980
  16. ^ Population data from 1853 to 1920 are cited from: Kosta N. Triantafyllou, "Istorikon Lexikon ton Patron: Istoria tis poleos ton Patron apo arxaiotaton xronon eos simeron kata alphavitikin eidologikin katataksin" 3rd edition, Patrai 1995
  17. ^ Data on municipal and urban population refer to permanent population and are taken from: the "2001 Census" of the National Statistical Service of Greece
  18. ^ ΟΛΠ - Στατιστικά στοιχεία.
  19. ^ Οργανισμός Λιμένος Πατρών - Το νέο λιμάνι.
  20. ^ Ring Road map.
  21. ^ Works under construction in the region of Western Greece.
  22. ^ Μηχανικη Α.Ε
  23. ^ Μηχανικη Α.Ε
  24. ^ Road Axis PATRA - ATHENS - THESSALONIKI - EVZONI. Hellenic Ministry of Public Works.
  25. ^ Μηχανικη Α.Ε
  26. ^ Metropolitan Optical Network of Patras.
  27. ^ European Culture Capital, Patras Venues.
  28. ^ KTIZON, Presentation of the Archaeological museum of Patras.
  29. ^ Cultural Facilities in Patras - Infocenter.
  30. ^ Greek Statistics Organization, Tourism data - 2006.
  31. ^ Greek Statistics Organization, Tourism data - 2006.
  32. ^ Andromeda Aquaculture.
  33. ^ Nireus Aquaculture.
  34. ^ KEPENOU mills.
  35. ^ Vianex facilities in Patras.
  36. ^ ABEX Timber Manufacturing.
  37. ^ Acciona Wind Parks.
  38. ^ Glafkos Hydroelectric Power Station.
  39. ^ Industrial Systems Institute.
  40. ^ Institute of Chemical Engineering & High Temperature Chemical Processes.
  41. ^ Institute of Biomedical Technology.
  42. ^ Atmel Hellas: A Win-Win Investment in Technology. www.elke.gr.
  43. ^ Bytemobile - Company facts. Bytemobile.
  44. ^ INTRACOM TELECOM: Infrastructure. Intracom Telecom.
  45. ^ Hellenic Center for Investment e-news. www.elke.gr.
  46. ^ Patras Science Park - Hosted Companies. Patras Science Park.
  47. ^ Awards of the 7th International Venture Capital Forum (Greek).
  48. ^ ΔΕΠΑΠ
  49. ^ Poetry Symposium
  50. ^ Patras Municipal Regional Theatre
  51. ^ ΔΕΠΑΠ
  52. ^ Poetry Symposium
  53. ^ Patras Municipal Regional Theatre
  54. ^ Patras Final Report
  55. ^ Patras Future Report

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Encyclopaedia of Islam (EI) is the standard encyclopaedia of the academic discipline of Islamic studies. ...

See also

Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... This article lists communities in Achaea, Greece: A-B Achaiko Agia Marina Agia Varvara Agia Varvara Agioi Theodoroi Agios Andreas Agios Konstantinos Agios Georgios, Rio Agios Georgios Agios Nikolaos Agios Nikolaos Agios Stefanos Agios Vasileios Agios Vlassios Agiovlastika Agrampela Agridi Agyia, Patras Aiyes Aigira, also Aegira Aigion Akoli Akrata Aktaio... The Rio-Antirio bridge (Greek: Γέφυρα Ρίου-Αντίρριου), officially called Charilaos Trikoupis bridge after the statesman who first envisaged it, is a cable-stayed bridge crossing the Gulf of Corinth near Patras, linking the town of Rio on the Peloponnese to Antirio on mainland Greece, thus connecting the peninsula with the rest of... Computer generated view of Patras with Panachaiko The Panachaicus (Greek, Modern: Παναχαϊκό, Ancient/Katharevousa: -on, commonly Panachaïkos or Panachaiko and Panahaiko, Voidia or Vodia in medieval, post-medieval and until the beginning of the 20th century. ... Rio (Greek: Modern: Ρίο Rio, Ancient: Ρίον Rion, Latin: Rhion or Rhium) is a suburban town north of Patras, Greece, with a population of around 13,000. ... PWN logo Patras Wireless Network (PWN) is, historically, the first city-wide, wireless community network in Greece. ... Kalalvryta or Kalavrita (Greek: Καλάβρυτα) is a town, a province and a municipality in the eastcentral part of the prefecture of Achaia. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Patras
  • The official website of the city
  • Patras 2006 European Capital of Culture
  • The official website of the Carnival of Patras
  • A video about Patras Carnival from Travel Channel
  • Video about Patras European Capital of Culture 2006
  • Patras City Guide Patrino

  Results from FactBites:
 
Patras - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4206 words)
Patras is located 200 kilometres west of Athens, on the northeastern coast of the Peloponnesos at the foot of Mount Panachaikon, overlooking the Gulf of Patras), which is, in fact, an inlet of the Ionian sea.
Patras is located 215 kilometers west of Athens by road, 94 kilometers northeast of Pyrgos, 7 kilometers south of Rio, 134 kilometers west of Corinth, 77 kilometers northwest of Kalavryta, and 144 kilometers northwest of Tripoli.
In 1204 Patras was conquered by the Fourth Crusade, and became the seat of the Latin Duchy of Achaia within the Principality of Achaea.Captured in 1205 by William of Champlitte and Villehardouin, the city became the capital and its archbishop the primate of the principality of Achaea.
Patras - LoveToKnow 1911 (642 words)
The foundation of Patras goes back to prehistoric times, the legendary account being that Eumelus, having been taught by Triptolemus how to grow grain in the rich soil of the Glaucus valley, established three townships, Aroe (i.e.
The Achaeans having strengthened and enlarged Aroe, called it Patrae, as the exclusive residence of the ruling families, and it was recognized as one of the twelve Achaean cities.
Captured in 1205 by William of Champlitte and Villehardouin, the city became the capital and its archbishop the primate of the principality of Achaea.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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