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Encyclopedia > Patañjali

Patañjali (Devanāgarī पतञ्जलि) is the compiler of the Yoga Sutra, a major work containing aphorisms on the practical and philosophical wisdom regarding practice of Raja yoga. ("Yoga" in traditional Hinduism involves inner contemplation, a rigorous system meditation practice, ethics, metaphysics, and devotion to the one common soul, God, or Brahman/Atman.) Devanāgarī. ... This article is in need of attention. ... This article is about the Hindu religion; for other meanings of the word, see Hindu (disambiguation). ... Meditation usually refers to a state in which the body is consciously relaxed and the mind is allowed to become calm and focused. ... Ethics is a general term for what is often described as the science (study) of morality. In philosophy, ethical behavior is that which is good or right. ... Metaphysics (Greek words meta = after/beyond and physics = nature) is a branch of philosophy concerned with the study of first principles and being (ontology). ... In the Vedantic (and subsequently Yogic) schools of Hinduism, Brahman is the signifying name given to the concept of the unchanging, infinite, immanent and transcendent reality that is the Divine Ground of all being. ... (Redirected from ) This is a disambiguation page for the term atman (or atma). ...

Virtually nothing is known about the life of Patañjali, and some scholars believe he is entirely mythical. Various references suggest he lived between 200 BC and 400 AD. Ancient texts often refer to Patañjali as an incarnation of the serpent god Ananta, and he is sometimes depicted as half human and half serpent. A statue of Patanjali This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... For the computer game, see Myth (computer game). ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC - 200s BC - 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC Years: 205 BC 204 BC 203 BC 202 BC 201 BC - 200 BC - 199 BC 198 BC... For alternate uses, see Number 400. ... The term God is used to designate a Supreme Being, however, there are countless definitions of God. ... In Indian and Hindu mythology, Sesha is a naga (serpent). ...

Patañjali is the reputed author of the Yoga Sutra, as well as commentary on Pāṇini's Sanskrit grammar (Aṣṭādhyāyī) which is called 'Mahābhāṣya'. There are also many ayurvedic texts attributed to him. Nearly all scholars believe these texts were actually written by different people in different eras. Panini can mean one of the following :- A 5th century BC Hindu scholar Panini (scholar) A type of Italian sandwich Panini (sandwich) A brand of collectable stickers Panini (stickers) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Sanskrit language ( संस्कृता वाक्) is one of the earliest attested members of the Indo-European language family and is not only a classical language, but also an official language of India. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Ayurveda (आयुर्वेद Sanskrit: ayu—life; veda—knowledge of) or ayurvedic medicine is a more than 2,000 year old comprehensive system of medicine based on a holistic approach rooted in Vedic culture. ...

The Yoga Sutra probably dates around AD 200. Patañjali has often been called the founder of Yoga because of this work, although in reality is more a major figure. The Yoga Sutra is a treatise on Raja Yoga, built on Samkhya and the Hindu scripture of the Bhagavad Gita. Yoga is also found in the Puranas, Vedas and Upanishads. Still, this work is certainly a major work among the great Hindu scriptures and certainly is the basis of Raja Yoga. Patañjali's Yoga is part of the six schools of Hindu Philosophy. They give us the earliest reference to the popular term Ashtanga Yoga which translates literally as the eight limbs of yoga. They are yama, niyama, asana, pranayama, pratyahara, dharana, dhyana and samadhi. For other uses, see number 200. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Samkhya, also Sankhya, (Sanskrit: सांख्य) is a school of Indian philosophy, and is one of the six astika or Hindu philosophical schools of India. ... The Puranas are part of Hindu Smriti; these religious scriptures discuss devotion and mythology. ... The Vedas are part of the Hindu Shruti; these religious scriptures form part of the core of the Brahminical and Vedic traditions within Hinduism and are the inspirational, metaphysical and mythological foundation for later Vedanta, Yoga, Tantra and even Bhakti forms of Hinduism. ... The Upanishads (उपनिषद्, Upanişad) are part of the Hindu Shruti scriptures which primarily discuss meditation and philosophy and are seen as religious instructions by most schools of Hinduism. ... Hatha Yoga posture Yoga is a form of mysticism that developed on the Indian subcontinent in the Hindu cultural context. ... Hindu philosophy (one of the main divisions of Indian philosophy) is traditionally seen through the prism of six different systems that are listed here and makes up the main belief systems of Hinduism. ... For the system of yoga taught by Sri K. Pattabhi Jois, see Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga. ... Tibetan Dharmapala at the Field Museum in Chicago Yama is the Hindu lord of death whose first recorded appearance is in the Vedas. ... The Niyamas are codified as the observances in numerous scriptures including the Shandilya and Varuha Upanishads, Hatha Yoga Pradipika by Gorakshanatha, the Tirumantiram of Tirumular and the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. ... A drawing of a girl in lotus pose Students taking a yoga class A woman in the Lotus position A yoga instructor performing an asana Asana is a Sanskrit word that literally means a seat but in the practise of yoga refers to a pose or posture. ... Prana is the source of which energy evolves from. ... Pratyahara is the fifth among the Eight steps of Patanjalis Ashtanga Yoga. ... Dharana (Pronounced Dhaaranaa, with a voiced, aspirated dh) is the sixth of the eight steps of Patanjalis Ashtanga Yoga. ... Dhyāna means meditation in Sanskrit. ... (This term describes Samadhi in Buddhism, whereas Samadhi meditation describes Samadhi in Yoga) Samadhi, or concentration of the mind, is the second of the three parts of the Buddhas teaching, namely Sila (morality), Samadhi (concentration), and Panna (insight/wisdom). ...

Yoga Sutras of Patañjali

This is an article about the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. ...

External links

  • Internet archive of the Yoga Sutras of Patañjali (http://hrih.net/patanjali/), featuring different interpretations (50+) translated into 22 different languages
  • English translation of the Yoga Sutras by T.K.V.Desikachar (http://www.bindu.freeserve.co.uk/yoga/yogasutra/ys1.htm), with links to 6 additional English translations and word-by-word definitions of included source text
  • [http://www.bindu.freeserve.co.uk/yoga/yogasutra/ys1.htm
  • Exposition of Patañjali's Yama and Niyama (http://www.atmajyoti.org/med_foundations_of_yoga.asp)
  • Essays on the Yoga Sutras (http://www.atmajyoti.org/essays_yoga_sutras_1.asp) by Raghavan Iyer, plus much more
Topics in Hinduism
Shruti (primary Scriptures): Vedas | Upanishads | Bhagavad Gita | Itihasa (Ramayana & Mahabharata) | Agamas
Smriti (other texts): Tantras | Sutras | Puranas | Brahma Sutras | Hatha Yoga Pradipika | Smritis | Tirukural | Yoga Sutra
Concepts: Avatar | Brahman | Dharma | Karma | Moksha | Maya | Ishta-Deva | Murti | Reincarnation | Samsara | Trimurti | Turiya
Schools & Systems: Schools of Hinduism | Early Hinduism | Samkhya | Nyaya | Vaisheshika | Yoga | Mimamsa | Vedanta | Tantra | Bhakti
Traditional Practices: Jyotish | Ayurveda
Rituals: Aarti | Bhajans | Darshan | Diksha | Mantras | Puja | Satsang | Stotras | Yajna
Gurus and Saints: Shankara | Ramanuja | Madhvacharya | Ramakrishna | Vivekananda | Sree Narayana Guru | Aurobindo | Ramana Maharshi | Sivananda | Chinmayananda | Sivaya Subramuniyaswami | Swaminarayan
Denominations: List of Hindu Sects
Vaishnavism | Saivism | Shaktism | Smartism | Agama Hindu Dharma | Contemporary Hindu movements | Survey of Hindu organisations



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