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Encyclopedia > Pasty
A Cornish pasty
A Cornish pasty

A pasty (Cornish: Pasti, Hoggan, incorrectly written as pastie) is a type of pie, originally from Cornwall, United Kingdom. It is a baked savoury pastry case traditionally filled with diced meat, sliced potato and onion. The ingredients are uncooked before being placed in the unbaked pastry case.[1] Pasties with traditional ingredients are specifically named Cornish pasties. Traditionally, pasties have a semicircular shape, achieved by folding a circular pastry sheet over the filling. One edge is crimped to form a seal. Northern Ireland (Irish: ) is a part of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... A pastie supper A pastie is a large, round patéd pie common to Northern Ireland. ... Pasties (sing. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 519 pixelsFull resolution (2848 × 1848 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 519 pixelsFull resolution (2848 × 1848 pixel, file size: 2. ... For the Cornish-English dialect, see West Country dialects. ... This article is about the baked good, for other uses see Pie (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Cornwall (disambiguation). ... Wikibooks Cookbook has an article on Baking Baking is the technique of prolonged cooking of food by dry heat acting by conduction, and not by radiation, normally in an oven, but also in hot ashes, or on hot stones. ...

The vowel 'a' in pasty is 'pure' (IPA /ˈpæsti/, /ˈpɑːsti/). Thus, "pasty" does not sound anything like "paste." The exact pronunciation varies among dialects. A monophthong (in Greek μονόφθογγος = single note) is a pure vowel sound, one whose articulation at both beginning and end is relatively fixed, and which does not glide up or down towards a new position of articulation; compare diphthong. ... The symbols of the International Phonetic Alphabet can be used to show pronounciation in English. ...

Oggy is a slang term used in Britain which comes from a Cornish term for the pasty. Oggy can refer to one of several terms: An oggy or oggie is a Westcountry term for a Cornish pasty. ...



An old postcard from Cornwall
An old postcard from Cornwall

The origins of the pasty are largely unknown. It is generally accepted that the pasty originates from Cornwall, where pasties evolved to meet the needs of Cornish tin miners. Tradition claims that the pasty was originally made as lunch ('croust' or 'crib' in the Cornish language) for Cornish miners who were unable to return to the surface to eat. The story goes that, covered in dirt from head to foot (including some arsenic often found with tin), they could hold the pasty by the folded crust and eat the rest of the pasty without touching it, discarding the dirty pastry. The pastry they threw away was supposed to appease the knockers, capricious spirits in the mines who might otherwise lead miners into danger.[1] A related tradition holds that it is bad luck for fishermen to take pasties to sea. Due to the high energy content, pasties were also popular as a meal eaten by farmers and other labourers and were not exclusive to miners. Image File history File links Pasty2. ... Image File history File links Pasty2. ... For other uses, see Cornwall (disambiguation). ... This article is about the metallic chemical element. ... Lunch is an abbreviation of luncheon, meaning a midday meal. ... For the Cornish-English dialect, see West Country dialects. ... Chuquicamata, the second largest open pit copper mine in the world, Chile. ... Wheal Jane was a tin mine near Baldhu and Chacewater in West Cornwall. ... This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ... Categories: Stub ...

The pasty's dense, folded pastry could stay warm for 8 to 10 hours and, when carried close to the body, helped the miner stay warm.[2] In such pasties meat and each vegetable would each have its own pastry "compartment," separated by a pastry partition. Traditional bakers in former mining towns will still bake pasties with fillings to order, marking the customer's initials with raised pastry. This practice was started because the miners used to eat part of their pasty for breakfast and leave the remaining half for lunch, meaning that a way to identify the pasties was needed.[3] Some mines kept large ovens to keep the pasties warm until mealtime. It is said that a good pasty should be strong enough to endure being dropped down a mine shaft.[4]

Pasties are still very popular throughout Devon, Cornwall, Wales, Ireland and Brittany; as well as other parts of the United Kingdom. Pasties in these areas are usually hand-made and sold in bakeries or (less often) specialist pasty shops. They are also sold in supermarkets, but these are mass produced and often taste entirely different from traditional Cornish pasties. Several pasty shop chains have also opened up in recent years, selling pasties that are more traditional than the common mass-produced varieties while still offering novel fillings. It is common in some areas for pasties to be eaten "on-the-move" from the paper bag they are sold in, making them essentially a fast food. Part of the seafront of Torquay, south Devon, at high tide Devon is a large county in South West England, bordered by Cornwall to the west, and Dorset and Somerset to the east. ... For other uses, see Cornwall (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ... A baker prepares fresh rolls A baker is someone who primarily bakes and sells bread. ... Packaged food aisles in a Fred Meyer store in Portland, Oregon A supermarket is a departmentalized self-service store offering a wide variety of food and household merchandise. ... Mass production is the production of large amounts of standardised products on production lines. ... Fast food is food prepared and served quickly at a fast-food restaurant or shop at low cost. ...

The true region from which pasties originated is hotly disputed between Cornwall and Devon. Outside of Britain, pasties were generally brought to new regions by Cornish miners, and as such are referred to as a Cornish invention.


A traditional Cornish pasty filled with steak and vegetables
A traditional Cornish pasty filled with steak and vegetables

While there are no completely standard pasty ingredients, almost every traditional recipe includes diced steak, finely sliced onion, and potato. Other common ingredients include swede (rutabaga, called yellow turnip in Cornwall) and possibly parsley. The presence of carrot in a store-bought pasty is sometimes considered an indication of inferior quality in Cornwall, although it has become common in American pasties. Other cuts of beef are occasionally used instead of skirt, and steak may also be replaced by beef mince (ground beef), although in Cornwall this is also a sign of inferior quality. While meat is a common ingredient in modern pasty recipes, it was a luxury for many 19th century Cornish miners, so traditional pasties usually include many more vegetables than meat. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 538 pixelsFull resolution (1448 × 973 pixel, file size: 809 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 538 pixelsFull resolution (1448 × 973 pixel, file size: 809 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A steak (from Old Norse steik, roast) is a slice from a larger piece of meat, typically beef. ... For other uses, see Onion (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Potato (disambiguation). ... This article is about the herb. ... This article is about the cultivated vegetable. ... Image:Minced beef USDA.jpg Minced beef in industrial grinder Ground beef, beef mince or hamburger meat, is a meat product, made of beef finely chopped by a meat grinder. ...

Pasty ingredients are usually seasoned with salt and pepper, depending on individual taste.[5] Traditional Cornish pasties are said to have contained two courses: [6] meat and vegetables at one end, and fruit (such as apples, plums, or cherries) at the other.[5] This reflects the pasty's use as a complete meal for miners, but it is disputed whether the fruit ingredients could actually survive the lengthy baking process required for the meat. More likely, on occasion a small bit of jam was inserted under the "crimping" at one end while the pasty was still hot. No such "two course" pasty is commercially produced in Cornwall today,[7]. although "pork and apple" pasties are readily available in shops throughout Cornwall, albeit with the ingredients, including an apple flavoured sauce, mixed together throughout the pasty[8], as well as sweet pasties such as apple and figgy, and chocolate and banana, which are common in some areas of Cornwall. For other uses, see Apple (disambiguation). ... Plum is also a nickname for British humorist P. G. Wodehouse. ... A cherry is both a tree and its fleshy fruit, a type known as a drupe with a single hard pit enclosing the seed. ... For other uses, see Pork (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Borkh. ...

Today, pasty contents vary, especially outside of Cornwall. Common fillings include beef steak and stilton, chicken and ham, cheese and vegetable and even turkey and stuffing. Other speciality pasties include breakfast and vegetarian pasties. Pasty crust recipes also vary. Traditional recipes call for a tough (not flaky) crust, which could withstand being held and bumped in the Cornish tin mines. Modern pasties almost always use a short (or pastry) crust.[5] There is a great deal of debate among pasty makers about the proper traditional ingredients and recipes for a pasty, specifically the mixture of vegetables and crimping of the crust.[1] The crimping debate is contested even in Cornwall itself, with some advocating a side crimp while others maintain that a top crimp is more authentic.[7] Another theory is that a pasty whose crimp is at the top of the crust rather than the side is more common in Devon.[5] Stilton cheese is a cheese of England. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the cut of meat. ... Cheese is a solid food made from the milk of cows, goats, sheep, and other mammals. ... A plate of vegetables Vegetable is a culinary term which generally refers to an edible part of a plant. ... In cooking, stuffing is usually a mixture of various ingredients used to fill a cavity in another food item. ... Part of the seafront of Torquay, south Devon, at high tide Devon is a large county in South West England, bordered by Cornwall to the west, and Dorset and Somerset to the east. ...

In Cornwall there is also a version known as the windy pasty. This is made by taking the last bit of pastry left over from making pasties, which is then rolled into a round, folded over and crimped as for an ordinary pasty. It is baked in an oven and when done (while still hot) opened out flat and filled with jam. It may be eaten hot or cold. [4]

Pasties were traditionally eaten as a complete meal, with the vegetable and meat juices acting as a form of gravy. Nowadays, pasties are sometimes served with gravy or ketchup as a dressing. for the guitarist, see Dave Felton Gravy is a type of sauce, usually made from the juices that naturally run from meat or vegetables during cooking. ... This article is about the condiment. ...

In other Cornish-influenced regions

A pasty from the Upper Peninsula of Michigan
A pasty from the Upper Peninsula of Michigan

Cornish miner migrants helped to spread pasties into the rest of the world during the 19th century. As tin mining in Cornwall began to fail, miners brought their expertise and traditions to new mining regions. As a result, pasties can be found in many regions of the world, including: Image File history File links A Cornish Pasty from the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. ... Image File history File links A Cornish Pasty from the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. ... The Upper Peninsula of Michigan, also known as The Upper Peninsula, The U.P. (or The UP), and Above the Bridge by Michiganders, refers to the northern peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the metallic chemical element. ...

  • The slate belt mining region of eastern Pennsylvania, including the towns of Bangor, East Bangor, Pen Argyl and Wind Gap where many churches to this day hold "pastie suppers" or sell the items as a means of making money for their parishes.
  • Parts of Wisconsin, the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, and the Iron Range of northern Minnesota. In some of these areas, pasties are now a major tourist draw, including an annual Pasty Fest in early July in Calumet, Michigan. Pasties in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan have a particularly unusual history, as a small influx of Finnish immigrants followed the Cornish miners, in 1864. These Finns (and many other ethnic groups) adopted the pasty for use in the Copper Country copper mines. About 30 years later, a much larger flood of Finnish immigrants found their countrymen baking pasties, and assumed that it was a Finnish invention. As a result, the pasty has become strongly associated with Finnish culture in this area.[2]
  • The Mexican state of Hidalgo, and the twin silver mining cities of Pachuca and Real del Monte (Mineral del Monte), have notable Cornish influences from the Cornish miners that settled here. Pasties are considered typical local cuisine.[5] Mexican pasties are often served stuffed with typically Mexican ingredients, such as tinga and mole sauce . In Mexican Spanish, they are referred to as pastes.
Main article: Paste (food)
  • Various parts of Australia including South Australia, particularly the Yorke Peninsula, where many immigrant Cornish miners settled in the 19th century. As well as being produced by large commercial bakeries such as Balfour's and Vili's, most local bakeries in South Australia produce pasties. They are offered for sale alongside, and in South Australia are generally as popular as, Australian meat pies. However, in other Australian states (those without a Cornish heritage) they are relatively little-known. Australian pasties traditionally contain no meat, although this is not universal.
  • Tempe, Arizona, Nevada County and Grass Valley in Nevada County California, Butte, Montana, and Anaconda, Montana.
  • Colombo, capital of former British colony Sri Lanka, is home to a handful of Cornish Pasty shops
  • Sacramento, capital of California, is home to a few Cornish Pasty Shops as well

Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... Bangor (Pennsylvania) Bangor is located in Northampton County, Pennsylvania, 45 miles (72 km) southeast of Scranton, in the Lehigh Valley region of Pennsylvania, United States. ... East Bangor is a borough located in Northampton County, Pennsylvania. ... Pen Argyl is a borough located in Northampton County, Pennsylvania. ... Wind Gap is a borough located in Northampton County, Pennsylvania. ... Official language(s) None Capital Madison Largest city Milwaukee Area  Ranked 23rd  - Total 65,498 sq mi (169,790 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 310 miles (500 km)  - % water 17  - Latitude 42° 30′ N to 47° 05′ N  - Longitude 86° 46′ W to 92° 53′ W Population  Ranked... The Upper Peninsula of Michigan is the northern of the two major land masses that comprise the U.S. state of Michigan. ... The Iron Range and Arrowhead are overlapping regions that make up the northeastern section of Minnesota in the United States. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... The Calumet Theatre, built in 1900 Calumet is a village in Calumet Township, Houghton County, in the U.S. state of Michigans Upper Peninsula, that was once at the center of the mining industry of the Upper Peninsula. ... The Copper Country is an area in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan in the United States, including most of Keweenaw, Houghton, Baraga and Ontonagon counties. ... Hidalgo is a state in central Mexico, with an area of 20,502 km². In 2000 the state had a population of some 2,231,000 people. ... For the Mexican American Zoot Suit subculure, see Pachuco. ... Mineral del Monte (also Real del Monte) is a city and municipality in Hidalgo state in central Mexico, lying at an altitude of 2700 metres (8,800 ft). ... Tinga can be: footballer Paulo César Tinga, of Borussia Dortmund an ancient name of Tangier a genre of popular Music of Guinea-Bissau the name of a Mexican dish, usually prepared with shredded chicken. ... Mole (MOH-leh, IPA: /ˈmo. ... Pastes is a type of Mexican pastry eaten in the Hidalgo region of central Mexico. ... Pastes is a type of Mexican pastry eaten in the Hidalgo region of central Mexico. ... Capital Adelaide Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Marjorie Jackson-Nelson Premier Mike Rann (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 11  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $59,819 (5th)  - Product per capita  $38,838/person (7th) Population (End of September 2006)  - Population  1,558,200 (5th)  - Density  1. ... The Yorke Peninsula is a peninsula located north-west and west of Adelaide in South Australia, Australia, between Spencer Gulf on the west and Gulf St. ... A typical Australian Meat pie with Tomato Sauce An Australian meat pie is a hand-sized pie containing largely minced meat and gravy and often consumed as a takeaway food snack. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ... Nevada County is a county located in Californias Sierra Nevada, in the Mother Lode country. ... Grass Valley is a city in Nevada County, California, United States. ... Uptown Butte 1942 view of the city Butte is a city in Silver Bow County, Montana and is the county seat. ... Anaconda, county seat of Anaconda-Deer Lodge County, is located in mountainous southwestern Montana. ... Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: , District Colombo District Government  - Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area  - City 37. ... Sacramento is a Spanish- and Portuguese-language word meaning sacrament; it is a common toponym in parts of the world where those tongues were or are spoken. ...

Early references to Pasties

  • A 13th century charter was granted by Henry III (1207 - 1272) to the town of Great Yarmouth. The town is bound to send to the sheriffs of Norwich every year one hundred herrings, baked in twenty four pasties, which the sheriffs are to deliver to the lord of the manor of East Carlton who is then to convey them to the King.[9]
  • The 13th century chronicler Matthew Paris wrote of the monks of St Albans Abbey "according to their custom, lived upon pasties of flesh-meat"[10]
  • 1393- "Le Menagier De Paris," (venison, veal, beef, & mutton)[11]
  • 1420- fifteenth-century cookery-book has a 'venysoun pasty' served at A Royal feast for the Earl of Devonshire [12]
  • 1465 The installation feast of George Neville, archbishop of York and chancellor of England there were served, 4000 cold and 1500 hot venison pasties.,[13]
  • A 16th century (1510) Audit Book and Receivers Accounts for the Borough of Plymouth, show the financial cost of making a pasty, using venison from the Mount Edgcumbe estate just across the Tamar River. is housed in the Plymouth and West Devon Record Office . [14]
  • 1672- To Make a Venison Pasty from The Queen-like Closet or Rich Cabinet by Hannah Wolley [15]
  • 1690- Rare and Excellent Receipts by Mary Tillinghast[16]
  • 1720- Lamb and vennison pasty recipe from Edward Kidder's Receipts of Pastry and Cookery [17]
  • 1742- Mary Swanwick's `Her Cookery Book'[18]
  • 1747- The Art of Cookery, by Hannah Glasse (venison pasty)
  • 18th century - The Cornwall Records Office (CRO) in Truro has a recipe for a Cornish pasty of 1746. This is the earliest record of a true Cornish pasty recipe.

Les Merton, author of The Official Encyclopaedia of the Cornish Pasty, in reply to the claim, says that he believes the pasty was around in Cornwall as early as 8,000BC - 10,000 years ago.[19] (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Henry III (1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272) was the son and successor of John Lackland as King of England, reigning for fifty-six years from 1216 to his death. ... Great Yarmouth, often known to locals simply as Yarmouth, is an English coastal town in the county of Norfolk. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... English historians in the Middle Ages is an overview of the history of English historians and their works in the Middle Ages. ... Self portrait of Matthew Paris from the original manuscript of his Historia Anglorum (London, British Library, MS Royal 14. ... St Albans Cathedral from the west. ... Events Ottoman Turks occupy Veliko Turnovo in north-central Bulgaria. ... This medieval cookbook, which has been dated at 1393, is an excellent resource for those attempting to recreate French cooking in the middle ages. ... Events May 21 - Treaty of Troyes. ... The Dukes of Devonshire are members of the aristocratic Cavendish family in the United Kingdom. ... Events July 13 - Battle of Montlhéry Troops of King Louis XI of France fight inconclusively against an army of the great nobles organized as the League of the Public Weal. ... George Neville (c. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Year 1510 (MDX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... , Plymouth (Cornish: ) is a city of 243,795 inhabitants (2001 census) in the south-west of England, or alternatively the West Country, and is situated within the traditional and ceremonial county of Devon at the mouths of the rivers Plym and Tamar and at the head of one of the... Mount Edgcumbe House is a stately home in south-east Cornwall. ... The Tamar is a river in south western England, that forms most of the border between Devon (to the east) and Cornwall (to the west). ... Events England, France, Munster and Cologne invade the United Provinces, therefore this name is know as ´het rampjaar´ (the disaster year) in the Netherlands. ... Events Giovanni Domenico Cassini observes differential rotation within Jupiters atmosphere. ... Mary Tillinghast was a British cook and writer best known for her work Rare and Excellent Receipts by Mary Tillinghast (1690) Categories: | | ... // Events January 6 - The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings February 11 - Sweden and Prussia sign the (2nd Treaty of Stockholm) declaring peace. ... Edward Kidder, (1665/6-1739) was a renowned 18th century pastrycook, or, as he called himself, pastry-master, who carried on his business in Queen Street, Cheapside. ... // Events January 24 - Charles VII Albert becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ... Year 1747 (MDCCXLVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Hannah Glasse was a housewife in the 1700s. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Truro (pronounced ; Cornish: Truru) is a city in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. ... // Events Catharine de Ricci (born 1522) canonized. ...

The pasty in music, art, and literature

The pasty is the subject of various rhymes and songs. It is also featured in many works of literature, including several of Shakespeare's plays.

The earliest known literary reference to pasties appears in an Arthurian romance by a Frenchman called Chretien de Troyes from the 1100's, set in Cornwall and written for the Countess of Champagne. This work includes the lines: A bronze Arthur in plate armour with visor raised and with jousting shield wearing Kastenbrust armour (early 15th century) by Peter Vischer, typical of later anachronistic depictions of Arthur. ... Chr tien de Troyes wrote in Champagne, France, during the last half of the twelfth century. ... August 5 - Henry I becomes King of England. ... The Counts of Champagne ruled the region of Champagne, France from 1022 to 1314. ...

Next Guivret opened a chest and took out two pasties.
My friend,' said he, 'Now try a little of these cold pasties ..."[2]

However this reference is doubtful as the original french could be translated to mean simply "pastry."

References to pasties later occur in various Robin Hood stories of the 1300's.[2] Robin Hood memorial statue in Nottingham. ... Events February 22 - Jubilee of Pope Boniface VIII. March 10 - Wardrobe accounts of King Edward I of Englanddo (aka Edward Longshanks) include a reference to a game called creag being played at the town of Newenden in Kent. ...

In Chaucer's 14th century work The Canterbury Tales there are two references to pasties. First, "All of pasties be the walls of flesh, of fish, and rich meat." and second, "pouches of dough that were small and portable rather than their next of kin, pot pies, which were very large and stayed on the table." These references seem to directly describe a pasty in the modern sense. Chaucer: Illustration from Cassells History of England, circa 1902 Chanticleer the rooster from an outdoor production of Chanticleer and the Fox at Ashby_de_la_Zouch castle Geoffrey Chaucer (ca. ... Canterbury Tales Woodcut 1484 The Canterbury Tales is a collection of stories written by Geoffrey Chaucer in the 14th century (two of them in prose, the rest in verse). ...

In the late 14th or early 15th century, French chronicler, Jean Froissart, wrote, of people "with botelles of wyne trusses at their sadelles, and pastyes of samonde, troutes, and eyls, wrapped in towels" Jean Froissart (~1337 - ~1405) was one of the most important of the chroniclers of medieval France. ...

There are references to pasties in three of Shakespeare's plays. In The Merry Wives of Windsor, Act 1 Scene 1 the Page says "Wife, bid these gentlemen welcome. Come, we have a hot venison pasty to dinner: come gentlemen, I hope we shall drink down all unkindness". In All's Well That Ends Well, Act IV Scene III, Parrolles states: "I will confess to what I know without constraint: if ye pinch me like a pasty, I can say no more". Finally, in Titus Andronicus, Titus bakes Chiron and Demetrius's bodies into a pasty, and forces their mother to eat them. Shakespeare redirects here. ... Title page of the 1602 quarto The Merry Wives of Windsor is a comedy by William Shakespeare featuring the fat knight Sir John Falstaff and is Shakespeares only play to deal exclusively with contemporary English life. ... Alls Well That Ends Well is a comedy by William Shakespeare, and is often considered one of his problem plays, so-called because they cannot be easily classified as tragedy or comedy. ... Title page of the first quarto edition (1594) The Tragedy of Titus Andronicus may be Shakespeares earliest tragedy. ...

In the 16th century play Englishmen for My Money, or A Woman Will Have Her Will (1598) by William Haughton, is the line "I have the scent of London stone as full in my nose, as Abchurch Lane of Mother Wall's pasties" Englishmen for My Money, or A Woman Will Have Her Will is an Elizabethan era stage play, a comedy written by William Haughton that dates from the year 1598. ... Events January 7 - Boris Godunov seizes the throne of Russia following the death of his brother-in-law, Tsar Feodor I. April 13 - Edict of Nantes - Henry IV of France grants French Huguenots equal rights with Catholics. ... William Haughton (d. ...

Pasties appear in several other novels. In the novel American Gods by Neil Gaiman, main character Shadow discovers pasties at Mabel's restaurant in the fictional town of Lakeside. The food is mentioned as being popularized in America by Cornishmen, similar to how gods are "brought over" to America in the rest of the story. Another literature reference takes place in The Cat Who... series by Lilian Jackson Braun. Jim Qwilleran often eats at The Nasty Pasty, a popular restaurant in fictional Moose County, famous for its tradition of being a mining settlement. Reference to pasties is also made in Brian Jacques' popular Redwall series of novels, where it is a staple favorite on the menu to the mice and hares of Redwall Abbey. Pasties also appear in the Poldark series of historical novels of Cornwall, by Winston Graham, as well as the television series adapted from these works. American Gods is a novel by Neil Gaiman. ... Neil Richard Gaiman () (born November 10, 1960) is an English author of science fiction and fantasy short stories and novels, graphic novels, comics, and films. ... There are over two dozen books in the series. ... Lilian Jackson Braun Lilian Jackson Braun was born in 1912. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Redwall was the first book in the eponymous series by Brian Jacques. ... Poldark is a series of historical novels by Winston Graham, and a popular BBC television series of the 1970s based on the books. ... --70. ... Winston Graham (June 30, 1908-July 10, 2003) was an English novelist, best known for the Poldark series of historical novels. ...

Cyril Tawney wrote the song The Oggie Man in 1959 and it appeared on the album A Cold Wind Blows. Cyril Tawney (born October 12, 1930, Gosport, Hampshire; died April 21, 2005, Exeter. ...

A west country schoolboy playground-rhyme current in the 1940s concerning the pasty went:
   Matthew, Mark, Luke and John,
   had a pasty ten feet long,
   cut it once, cut it twice,
   oh my God, it's full of rice. The West Country is an informal term for the area of south-western England roughly corresponding to the modern South West England government region. ... Combination playground structure for small children; slides, climbers (stairs in this case), playhouse A playground is an area designed for children to play freely. ... A rhyme is a repetition of identical or similar terminal sounds in two or more different words (i. ... Matthew the Evangelist (מתי, Gift of the LORD, Standard Hebrew and Tiberian Hebrew: Mattay; Septuagint Greek: Ματθαίος, Matthaios), most often called Saint Matthew, is an important Christian figure, and one of Jesus Twelve Apostles. ... Mark the Evangelist (מרקוס, Greek: Μάρκος) (1st century) is traditionally believed to be the author of the Gospel of Mark and a companion of Peter. ... Luke the Evangelist (לוקא, Greek: Loukas) is said by tradition to be the author of both the Gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles, the third and fifth books of the New Testament. ... John the Apostle (Hebrew: Johanan ;Greek Ιωάννης, see names of John) was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... For other uses, see Rice (disambiguation). ...

The Jeff Daniels film "Escanaba in da Moonlight" uses pasties in a humorous sense as a major part of the storyline. For other persons of this name, see Jeff Daniels (disambiguation). ...

Cultural references

A traditional Cornish tale claims that the devil knew of Cornishwomen's propensity for putting any available food into pasties, and would never dare to cross the River Tamar into Cornwall for fear of ending up as a pasty filling.[3] The Tamar is a river in south western England, that forms most of the border between Devon (to the east) and Cornwall (to the west). ...

The popular rhyme "Oggy Oggy Oggy, Oi Oi Oi" stems from the Cornish word for pasty. When the pasties were ready for eating, the bal-maidens at the mines would shout down the shaft "Oggy Oggy Oggy" and the miners would shout "Oi Oi Oi" meaning yes, or alright. The Welsh comic Max Boyce apologised to the Cornish nation for taking the rhyme from Cornwall and claiming it to be Welsh. It is often sung at Cornish rugby matches where it is accompanied by a second verse. The Oggy Oggy Oggy (or possibly Oggie Oggie Oggie) chant and its numerous variations are often heard at (primarily British) sporting events, political rallies and around Boy Scout and Girl Guide campfires. ...

Pasties are the subject of various competitions and festivals. In Fowey, Cornwall a large pasty is paraded through the streets during regatta week. It is 6 foot long and is so heavy that it needs to be carried by four men - normally in fancy dress. Similarly, a giant pasty is lifted over the goal posts of the Cornish rugby team when they play an important match. Calumet, Michigan holds "Pasty Fest" each summer to celebrate the regionally famous food. Fowey (pronounced , Cornish: Fowydh) is a town and civil parish in south Cornwall, England, at the mouth of the River Fowey. ... A regatta is a boat race or series of boat races. ... A costume party (also referred to as fancy dress party in the United Kingdom) is a type of party where the guests dress up in a costume. ... Calumet is a village in Calumet Township, Houghton County, in the U.S. state of Michigans Upper Peninsula. ...

Although there is no official world record for the largest pasty, in 1985 a group of Young Farmers in Cornwall spent 7 hours making a pasty over 32ft long. This was believed to have been beaten in 1999 when bakers in Falmouth made their own giant pasty during the town's first ever pasty festival.[1] A world record is the best performance in a certain discipline, usually a sports event. ... The National Federation of Young Farmers Clubs (NFYFC) is the largest rural youth organisation of its kind covering various Young Farmers Clubs (YFCs) throughout England and Wales, helping support young people in agriculture and the countryside. ... Falmouth (Cornish: Aberfal) is a seaport on the River Fal on the south coast of Cornwall, England, UK. It is both a town and a civil parish. ...

See also

Wikibooks Cookbook has an article on

Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo-en. ... Wikibooks logo Wikibooks, previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks, is a wiki for the creation of books. ... The Bedfordshire Clanger is a traditional dish from the county of the same name. ... A calzone (Italian stocking or pants (not used frequently for pants: pantaloni is the modern usage for the word pants, plural calzoni), sometimes referred to as a stuffed or folded pizza, is an Italian turnover made from pizza dough and stuffed with cheese and marinara sauce (usually mozzarella cheese and... Curry puff is a Malaysian, Thai (กะหรี่ปั๊ป, IPA: ), and Singaporean snack which is of Malay origin. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the Mexican American Zoot Suit subculure, see Pachuco. ... For other uses, see Jiaozi (disambiguation). ... A classic potato knish A knish is an Eastern European snack food popular in Jewish communities. ... Pierogi frying A plateful of Pierogi Pierogi (also perogi, perogy, pirohi, piroghi, pirogi, or pyrohy) are filled Slavic dumplings. ... A triangular Samosa A samosa is a common snack in South Asia, in countries such as India and Pakistan. ... Sambusac, also known as simbusak or samboussa, is a small fried pasty, which may be either half-moon shaped or triangular. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Calzone. ... A turnover is a kind of pastry made by placing jam or another kind of fruit filling on a square of pastry dough and folding it over. ...


  1. ^ a b c d Christopher Lean. The Cornish Pasty. Retrieved on 2006-03-13.
  2. ^ a b c d Luke Miller and Marc Westergren. History of the Pasty. The Cultural Context of the Pasty. Retrieved on 2006-03-13.
  3. ^ a b Edith Martin. Cornish Recipes: Ancient and Modern. A. W. Jordan. 
  4. ^ Horace Sutton. "Cornwall: Land of King Arthur", Chicago Tribune, 1972-10-01. 
  5. ^ a b c d Ann Pringle Harris. "Fare of the Country; In Cornwall, a Meal in a Crust", New York Times, 1988-02-07. Retrieved on 2005-03-15. 
  6. ^ UK Icons
  7. ^ a b Hettie Merrick. The Pasty Book. Tor Mark Press, Penryn, 1995. 
  8. ^ Pasty Bakery Menu.
  9. ^ A classical and archæological dictionary. page 555 (1840)
  10. ^ The Beauties of England and Wales page 40 (1808)
  11. ^ http://franiccolo.home.mindspring.com/olde_eng_fest_recipes.html
  12. ^ A Ryal Fest in þe Feste at þe weddyng of þe Erle of Deuynchire.
  13. ^ [ http://www.google.co.uk/books?id=JMknAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA585&dq=Matthew+Paris+pasty#PPA585,M1 Encyclopaedia Britannica 1823 vol VIII page 585]
  14. ^ West Devon Record Office. Retrieved on 2005-12-23.
  15. ^ [1]
  16. ^ The old foodie blog
  17. ^ [2]
  18. ^ [3]
  19. ^ "Pasty Wars" from the Western Morning News. Retrieved on 2006-12-23.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Penryn (Cornish: Pennrynn, from Pen-ryn meaning promontory) is a town in Cornwall, England, UK on the Penryn river. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Pastis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (199 words)
Pastis is an anise-flavored liqueur and apéritif from France, typically containing 40-45% alcohol by volume, although there exist alcohol-free varieties.
Pastis is normally diluted with water before drinking (generally 5 volumes of water for 1 volume of pastis).
Although it is consumed throughout France, especially in the summer, pastis is generally associated with southeastern France, especially with the city of Marseille, and with the clichés of the Provençal lifestyle, like pétanque.
Pastis/ Delray Beach: SouthFlorida.com (771 words)
Pastis, named after the popular anise-flavored aperitif of the region, is a great place to begin an exploration of what the French love to call their "cuisine of the sun."
Like many of the main courses at Pastis, the plate arrives oven-hot, and that has a downside with this dish because the fish keeps cooking; by the time I dug down to it, it was a bit overcooked.
The best news about the Pastis menu, and one of the reasons the restaurant is often full, even on weeknights, is that nearly all the appetizers and most of the main courses are available, with the restaurant's wonderful, homemade desserts and coffee, for a package price of just $24.50.
  More results at FactBites »



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