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Encyclopedia > Passenger ship

A passenger ship is a ship whose primary function is to carry passengers. Italian ship-rigged vessel Amerigo Vespucci in New York Harbor, 1976 A ship is a large, sea-going watercraft, sometimes with multiple decks. ...


An ocean liner is the traditional form of passenger ship, apart from smaller craft used for coastal voyages and as ferries. In the latter part of the 20th century ocean liners gave way to cruise ships as the predominant form of large passenger ship. An ocean liner is a large passenger ship, typically a motorized vessel that undertakes longer voyages on the open sea primarily for the purpose of transporting people from one place to another. ... The Pride of Burgundy, a P&O Ferries car ferry on the Dover-Calais route A ferry is a boat or a ship carrying passengers, and possibly their vehicles, on a relatively short-distance, regularly-scheduled service. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... MV Pride of Aloha docked in Port of Nāwiliwili, Kaua‘i in the Hawaiian Islands A cruise ship, or less commonly cruise liner or luxury liner, is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, where the voyage itself and the amenities of the ship are considered an essential part...


Although some ships have characteristics of both types, the design priorities of the two forms are different: ocean liners value speed and traditional luxury while cruise ships value amenities (swimming pools, theaters, ball rooms, casinos, sports facilities, etc.) rather than speed. These priorities produce different designs. In addition, ocean liners typically were built to cross the Atlantic Ocean between Europe and the United States or travel even further to South America or Asia while cruise ships typically serve shorter routes with more stops along coastlines or among various islands. Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one, leading to various perspectives about Europes borders. ...


For a long time cruise ships were never as large as the old ocean liners had been, but in the 1980s this changed when Knut Kloster, the director of Norwegian Caribbean Lines, bought one of the biggest surviving liners, the France, and transformed her into a huge cruise ship, which he named the Norway. After the success of the Norway, several new cruise ships in succession became the largest passenger ships ever built, superseding the record held by the Cunard liner Queen Elizabeth. MacGyver is one of the symbols of 1980s The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ... SS France in Hong Kong, 1974 The SS France is an ocean liner, constructed by the Chantiers de lAtlantique shipyard at Saint-Nazaire, France, and put into service by the Compagnie Générale Transatlantique in January 1962. ... The SS France is an ocean liner, constructed by the Chantiers de lAtlantique of Saint-Nazaire, and put into service by the Compagnie Générale Translantique in January 1962. ... The Cunard Line formerly Cunard White Star Line is the British cruise line that operates the RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 (QE2) and RMS Queen Mary 2 (QM2) ocean liners. ... RMS Queen Elizabeth was a steam-powered ocean liner of the Cunard Steamship Company. ...


The Queen Mary 2, which entered service in 2004, is of hybrid construction. She is marketed as an ocean liner as she is to enter the transatlantic market but her design is more like a cruise ship than any previous liner aimed at that market. She supersedes the Explorer of the Seas of the Royal Caribbean line as the largest passenger ship ever built and will be superseded by Royal Caribbean's next Freedom of the Seas. The RMS Queen Mary 2 is a Cunard Line passenger ship named after the earlier Cunard liner Queen Mary, which was in turn named after Mary of Teck. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the similarly named rock band, see TransAtlantic. ... Completed in 2000, Explorer of the Seas is one of five Voyager-class cruise ships from Royal Caribbean International. ... Royal Caribbean cruise ships Ultra-Voyager class, includes Freedom of the Seas, currently in construction with a scheduled delivery of May 2006. ... Freedom of the Seas is a Royal Caribbean cruise ship, scheduled to launch in June of 2006. ...


List of largest passenger ships of their time

Year Name Gross tonnage Company Flag
1819 SS Savannah 320 BRT Savannah Steamship Company USA
1831 SS Royal William 540 BRT St. John & Halifax Steam Navigation Company CDN
1838 SS Great Western 1340 BRT Great Western Steamship Company UK
1839 SS British Queen 1862 BRT British & American Steam Navigation Company UK
1840 SS President 2366 BRT British & American Steam Navigation Company UK
1845 SS Great Britain 3270 BRT Great Western Steamship Company UK
1853 SS Himalaya 3438 BRT P & O Steam Navigation Company Ltd. UK
1853 SS Atrato 3466 BRT Royal Mail Line Ltd. UK
1857 SS Adreatic 4145 BRT New York & Liverpool United States Mail S.S. Co. (Collins) USA
1860 SS Great Eastern 18915 BRT Eastern Steam Navigation Company UK
1867 RMS Great Republic 4352 BRT Pacific Mail Steamship Company Inc. USA
1871 RMS Egypt 4670 BRT National Line Ltd. UK
1873 RMS City of Chester 4770 BRT Inman Line Ltd. UK
1874 RMS Britannic (I) 5008 BRT White Star Line Ltd. UK
1875 SS City of Berlin 5526 BRT Inman Line Ltd. UK
1881 SS Servia 7391 BRT Cunard Line UK
1881 SS City of Rome 8415 BRT Inman Line UK
1888 SS City of New York 10499 BRT Inman Line UK
1893 RMS Campania 12950 BRT Cunard Line UK
1893 RMS Lucania 12952 BRT Cunard Line UK
1897 SS Pennsylvania 13023 BRT Hapag D
1897 Kaisr Wilhelm der Große 14349 BRT Norddeutscher Lloyd D
1899 RMS Oceanic 17274 BRT White Star Line Ltd. UK
1901 RMS Celtic 21035 BRT White Star Line Ltd. UK
1905 SS Amerika 22225 BRT Hapag D
1905 RMS Baltic 23876 BRT White Star Line Ltd. UK
1906 Kaiserin Auguste Victoria 24581 BRT Hapag D
1907 RMS Lusitania 31550 BRT Cunard Line Ltd. UK
1907 RMS Mauretania 31938 BRT Cunard Line Ltd. UK
1911 RMS Olympic 45234 BRT White Star Line Ltd. UK
1912 RMS Titanic 46329 BRT White Star Line Ltd. UK
1913 Imperator 52117 BRT Hapag D
1914 Vaterland 54282 BRT Hapag D
1922 RMS Majestic (ex Bismarck) 56551 BRT White Star Line Ltd. UK
1923 Leviathan (ex Vaterland) 59956 BRT United States Lines Inc. USA
1935 SS Normandie 79280 BRT Compagnie Générale Transatlantique S.A. F
1936 RMS Queen Mary 80774 BRT Cunard-White Star Ltd. UK
1936 SS Normandie (after reconstruction) 83423 BRT Compagnie Générale Transatlantique S.A. F
1940 RMS Queen Elizabeth 83673 BRT Cunard-White Star Ltd. UK
1996 Carnival Destiny 101509 BRZ Carnival Cruise Line Inc. USA
1997 Grand Princess 108865 BRZ P & O Princess Cruises Ltd. UK/USA
1999 Voyager of the Seas 137276 BRZ Royal Caribbean International N/USA
2000 Explorer of the Seas 137308 BRZ Royal Caribbean International N/USA
2004 RMS Queen Mary 2 148528 BRZ Cunard Line Ltd. UK
2006 Freedom of the Seas 158000 BRZ Royal Caribbean International N/USA

Note that the Great Eastern of 1867 was not been superseded in size till about 1901, but was converted to a cable laying ship after only a few voyages as a passenger ship. Tonnage is a measure of the size or cargo capacity of a ship. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... SS Royal William was a Canadian steamship that achieved the first crossing of the Atlantic Ocean to be made almost entirely under steam power, using sails only during periods of boiler maintenance. ... Motto: Latin: A Mari Usque Ad Mare (English: From Sea to Sea) Anthem: O Canada (Royal anthem: God Save the Queen) Capital Ottawa Largest city Toronto Official language(s) English and French Government Monarch Governor General Prime Minister Federal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy Queen Elizabeth II Michaëlle Jean... The steamship SS Great Western (named for the Great Western Railway Company) was the first steamship purposely built for the Atlantic crossing. ... The SS Great Britain in dry dock in Bristol, 2003. ... Himalaya was launched like many before her into Walney Channel during October of 1948 before commencing service on the Tilbury-Bombay-Australia route in 1949 following her departure from the local shipbuilding yard in the August. ... SS Great Eastern shortly before her launching, 1858 This article describes the ship the Great Eastern. ... Britannic and Germanic 2x4 carte de visite, circa 1870. ... White Star Line logo and burgee If you are looking for the Babylon 5 starships, see the article White Star. ... The Cunard Line formerly Cunard White Star Line is the British cruise line that operates the RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 (QE2) and RMS Queen Mary 2 (QM2) ocean liners. ... Hapag may mean: Hamburg-Amerikanische Packetfahrt-Actiengesellschaft (HAPAG), a former German shipping company, see Hamburg America Line or Hapag-Lloyd 724 Hapag, a minor planet (asteroid) This is a disambiguation page—a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Motto: Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit (German: Unity and Justice and Freedom ) Anthem: The third stanza of Das Lied der Deutschen Capital Berlin Largest city Berlin Official language(s) German 1 Government • President • Chancellor • Vice Chancellor Federal Republic Horst Köhler Angela Merkel (CDU) Franz Müntefering (SPD) Formation  Holy... Kaiser Wilhelm der Große, (Kaiser William the Great), named after the then Kaisers grandfather, Kaiser Wilhelm I, was a German ocean liner of the Norddeutscher Lloyd shipping line. ... Hapag-Lloyd is a German transportation company comprising a cargo container shipping line and a cruise line. ... RMS Oceanic may mean: RMS Oceanic (1870) RMS Oceanic (1899) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The RMS Baltic was the second ship of that name belonging to the White Star Line. ... RMS Mauretania, the Lusitanias sister ship. ... Two ocean liners of the Cunard Line have been named RMS Mauretania, after the ancient territory of Mauretania. ... RMS Olympic, sister ship of infamous RMS Titanic. ... RMS Titanic was the second of a trio of superliners intended to dominate the transatlantic travel business. ... A rendering of the Imperator made at at the time of her fitting-out. ... The Vaterland was a three-funneled impressive ocean liner built in Germany in 1914, second ship of the Imperator class. ... RMS Majestic, originally christened the Bismarck, was launched in 1914 and was, at 56,551 gross tones, the largest ship in the world until the construction of the French Lines Normandie in 1935. ... United States Lines was a shipping company that operated ocean liners from 1921 to 1969, most famously the SS United States. ... The poster Normandie (1935) is Cassandres most famous design The Normandie was a French ocean liner built in Saint-Nazaire, France. ... The Compagnie Générale Transatlantique (CGT), otherwise known as the French Line, was a shipping company established in 1861 as an attempt to revive the French merchant marine, the poor state of which was painfully highlighted during the Crimean War of 1856. ... Motto: French: Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité (English: Liberty, Egality, Fraternity) Anthem: La Marseillaise Capital Paris 48°51′ N 2°20′ E Largest city Paris Official language French1 Government  â€¢ President  â€¢ Prime Minister Unitary republic Jacques Chirac Dominique de Villepin Formation 843 (Treaty of Verdun) (5th Republic: 1958) Area  â€¢ Total2  â€¢ Metropolitan France3 674... RMS Queen Mary was a Cunard Line (then Cunard White Star Line) ocean liner that sailed the North Atlantic Ocean from 1936 to 1967. ... The poster Normandie (1935) is Cassandres most famous design The Normandie was a French ocean liner built in Saint-Nazaire, France. ... RMS Queen Elizabeth was a steam-powered ocean liner of the Cunard Steamship Company. ... External links Carnival. ... A Grand Duchess is the wife of a Grand Duke or a woman who rules a Grand Duchy in her own right. ... It has been suggested that Voyager of the seas be merged into this article or section. ... U.S. headquarters in Miami, Florida. ... Motto: Royal Motto: Alt for Norge (All for Norway) 1814 Eidsvoll oath: Enig og tro til Dovre faller (United and Loyal until the Dovre Mountains fall) Anthem: Ja, vi elsker dette landet Capital Oslo Largest city Oslo Official language(s) Norwegian¹ Government King Prime Minister Constitutional monarchy Harald V Jens... Completed in 2000, Explorer of the Seas is one of five Voyager-class cruise ships from Royal Caribbean International. ... The RMS Queen Mary 2 is a Cunard Line passenger ship named after the earlier Cunard liner Queen Mary, which was in turn named after Mary of Teck. ... Freedom of the Seas is a Royal Caribbean cruise ship, scheduled to launch in June of 2006. ...


References

  • Durand, Jean-François. Autour du Monde Paquebots. Cruise ships around the world. Editions marines, 1996. [bilingual text]
  • Marin, Pierre-Henri. Les paquebots, ambassadeurs des mers. Paris: Gallimard, 1989.

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