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Encyclopedia > Passau
Passau
Stephansdom in Passau.
Coat of arms Location
Coat of arms of Passau
Coordinates 48°34′″N 13°28′″E / Expression error: Unexpected / operator, Expression error: Unexpected / operator
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Administration
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Niederbayern
District Urban district
Lord Mayor Albert Zankl (CSU)
Basic statistics
Area 69.58 km² (27 sq mi)
 - Elevation 294–447 m Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "�"
Population 50,507  (30/06/2006)
 - Density 726 /km² (1,880 /sq mi)
Other information
Postal codes 94001–94036
Area code 0851
Licence plate code PA
Website www.passau.de

Passau (Latin: Batavis or Batavia, also Passavium; Italian: Passavia; Czech: Pasov) is a town in Niederbayern, Eastern Bavaria, Germany, known also as the Dreiflüssestadt (City of Three Rivers), because the Danube River is joined there by the Inn River from the South, and the Ilz River coming out of the Bavarian Forest to the North. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Karte_Deutschland. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Time zones of Europe: Pale colours indicate countries without daylight saving Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... The geographic region and Free State of Bavaria (German:  ), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... Niederbayern (Lower Bavaria) is one of the seven administrative regions of Bavaria, Germany, located in the east of Bavaria. ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... Councillor Patrick (Pat) John Stannard, Lord Mayor of Oxford (2004). ... The Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU – ) is a conservative political party in Germany. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, Postleitzahl (plural Postleitzahlen, abbreviated to PLZ), consist of five digits, which indicate the wider area (first two digits), and the postal district (last three digits). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... A website (alternatively, Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on a Web server, usually accessible via the Internet or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML, that is almost always accessible via HTTP, a... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Lower Bavaria (German Niederbayern) is one of the seven administrative regions of Bavaria, Germany, located in the east of Bavaria. ... The geographic region and Free State of Bavaria (German:  ), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... Length 2,888 km Elevation of the source 1,078 m Average discharge 30 km before Passau: 580 m³/s Vienna: 1,900 m³/s Budapest: 2,350 m³/s just before Delta: 6,500 m³/s Area watershed 817,000 km² Origin Black Forest (Schwarzwald-Baar, Baden- Württemberg... The Inn is a river in Switzerland, Austria and Germany. ... The Ilz is a river running through the Bavarian Forest, Germany. ... The Bavarian Forest (German: Bayerischer Wald) is a low mountain range in Bavaria, Germany. ...


Its population is 50,415, of whom about 10,000 are students at the local University of Passau. The university, founded in the late 1970s, is the extension of the (centuries old) Institute for Catholic Studies. It is renowned in Germany for its institutes of Economics, Law, Computer Sciences and Cultural Science. The University of Passau is a university in the town of Passau, in Bavaria, Germany. ...

Contents

History

Passau was an ancient Roman colony of ancient Noricum called Batavis, Latin for "for the Batavi". The Batavi were an ancient Germanic tribe mentioned often by classical authors, and they were regularly associated with the Suebian marauders, the Heruli. Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... The Batavians by Rembrandt van Rijn The Batavians (also known by Batavii, or Batavi) were a Germanic tribe, originally part of the Chatti, reported by Tacitus to have lived around the Rhine delta, in the area that is currently the Netherlands, an uninhabited district on the extremity of the coast... The Heruli (spelled variously in Latin and Greek) were a nomadic Germanic people, who were subjugated by the Ostrogoths, Huns, and Byzantines in the 3rd to 5th centuries. ...

Pfarrkirche in Passau.
Pfarrkirche in Passau.

During the second half of the 5th century, St. Severinus established a monastery here. In 739, an Irish monk called Boniface founded a bishopric here and this was the largest diocese of the Holy Roman Empire for many years. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 431 × 600 pixels Full resolution (457 × 636 pixel, file size: 89 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to de. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 431 × 600 pixels Full resolution (457 × 636 pixel, file size: 89 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to de. ... Monastery of St. ... Events With king Kormishosh the reign of the House of Ukil starts in Bulgaria. ... For the Roman general of this name, see Bonifacius. ... Pope Pius XI blesses Bishop Stephen Alencastre as fifth Apostolic Vicar of the Hawaiian Islands in a Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace window. ... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ...


In the Treaty of Passau (1552), Archduke Ferdinand I, representing Emperor Charles V, secured the agreement of the Protestant princes to submit the religious question to a diet. This led to the Peace of Augsburg in 1555. Categories: Wikipedia cleanup | Stub ... Events April - War between Henry II of France and Emperor Charles V. Henry invades Lorraine and captures Toul, Metz, and Verdun. ... Ferdinand in 1531, the year of his election as King of the Romans Ferdinand I (10 March 1503 – 25 July 1564) was an Austrian monarch from the House of Habsburg. ... Charles V (24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of the Burgundian Netherlands (1506-1555), King of Spain (1516-1556), King of Naples and Sicily (1516-1554), Archduke of Austria (1519-1521), King of the Romans (or German King), (1519-1556 but did not formally abdicate until 1558) and... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... In politics, a Diet is a formal deliberative assembly. ... The front page of the document. ... Events Russia breaks 60 year old truce with Sweden by attacking Finland February 2 - Diet of Augsburg begins February 4 - John Rogers becomes first Protestant martyr in England February 9 - Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake May 23 - Paul IV becomes Pope. ...


During World War II the town housed three sub-camps of the infamous Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp: Passau I (Oberilzmühle), Passau II (Waldwerke Passau-Ilzstadt) and Passau III (Jandelsbrunn). Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Image:Mutilation skarskarrskano. ...


From 1892 till 1894 Adolf Hitler and his family lived in Passau. The city archives mention Hitler being in Passau on 4 different occasions in the 1920s for speeches.

Passau from the South. In front the Inn River.
Passau from the South. In front the Inn River.

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 132 pixels Full resolution (12933 × 2135 pixel, file size: 4. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 132 pixels Full resolution (12933 × 2135 pixel, file size: 4. ... The Inn is a river in Switzerland, Austria and Germany. ...

Main sights

Tourism in Passau focuses mainly on the three rivers, the St. Stephen's Cathedral (Der Passauer Stephansdom) and the "Old City" (Die Altstadt). With 17,774 pipes, the organ at St. Stephen's was long held to be the largest church pipe organ in the world and is today second in size only to the organ at First Congregational Church, Los Angeles, which was expanded in 1994. St.Stephen is a true masterpiece of Italian Baroque,built by Italian architect Carlo Lurago and decorated in part by Carpoforo Tencalla. Many river cruises down the Danube start at Passau and there is a cycling path all the way down to Vienna. It is also notable for its gothic and baroque architecture. The town is dominated by the Veste Oberhaus and the former fortress of the Bishop, on the mountain crest between the Danube and the Ilz rivers. Right beside the town hall is the Scharfrichterhaus, an important jazz and cabaret stage on which political cabaret is performed. St. ... Carlo Lurago (1615-1684) was an Italian architect, who was most active in Prague. ... Carpoforo Tencalla (or Tencala (10 September 1623 - 9 March 1685) was an influential Swiss-Italian Baroque painter of canvases and frescoes. ... Vienna (German: , see also other names) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... Interior of Cologne Cathedral Gothic architecture is a style of architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, which flourished in Europe during the high and late medieval period. ... Baroque architecture, starting in the early 17th century in Italy, took the humanist Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical, theatrical, sculptural fashion, expressing the triumph of absolutist church and state. ... Veste Oberhaus is a fortress that was founded in 1219 and, for most of its time, served as the stronghold of the Bishop of Passau, Germany. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

Passau from the Veste Oberhaus. In front the Danube River.
Passau from the Veste Oberhaus. In front the Danube River.

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 163 pixels Full resolution (9415 × 1920 pixel, file size: 4. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 163 pixels Full resolution (9415 × 1920 pixel, file size: 4. ... Veste Oberhaus is a fortress that was founded in 1219 and, for most of its time, served as the stronghold of the Bishop of Passau, Germany. ... Length 2,888 km Elevation of the source 1,078 m Average discharge 30 km before Passau: 580 m³/s Vienna: 1,900 m³/s Budapest: 2,350 m³/s just before Delta: 6,500 m³/s Area watershed 817,000 km² Origin Black Forest (Schwarzwald-Baar, Baden- Württemberg...

Trivia

An interesting fact is that the Inn is the largest river of the three meeting at the city, so that the Danube should really be called Inn from Passau on. However, at the place of the confluence of two rivers, the name is given to the one which is the longest. The Inn may be wider in Passau than the Danube; still, the name stays Danube as the latter is the longer of the two. Since all three rivers meet at the same point, it causes the rivers to flood at that point. This flood affects parts of town that are at water level, which tends to amuse tourists and non-local media, while locals have many years of experience in getting used to water.


Twinnings

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Hackensack is a city in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States and the county seat of Bergen CountyGR6. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Buccleuch St Bridge Devorgilla Bridge Overlooking Dumfries The Old Bridge House Dumfries ((IPA: ) pronounced dum-freece, not dum-fries) (Dùn Phris in Scottish Gaelic) is a former royal burgh and town with a population of around 31,146 (37,846 including the Locharbriggs and Cargenbridge areas). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Cagnes-sur-Mer is a town and commune of the Alpes-Maritimes département, in southeastern France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Krems an der Donau is a city of 23,932 inhabitants in Austria, in the federal state of Lower Austria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan_(bordered). ... This is the current Japanese collaboration of the week! Please help improve it to featured article standard. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Location of Málaga Municipality Málaga  - Mayor Francisco de la Torre Prados Area    - City 385. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic_(bordered). ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Liuzhou (Chinese: 柳州; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Liuchow) is a prefecture-level city in north-central Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, in southern China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... Veszprém (in Slovak Vesprím) is a city with county rights in western Hungary. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Montecchio Maggiore is a town in the province of Vicenza, Veneto, Italy. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Passau
  • Official website (German)
  • CrankCookieShortfilmFestival-Passau (German)
  • Passau Wiki (German)
  • Images from Passau

  Results from FactBites:
 
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Passau (1786 words)
Passau was supposed to have inherited from Lorch, and to include all Hungary in his diocese.
Passau and the temporalities on the left bank of the Inn and the right bank of the Ilz went to Bavaria, while the territory on the left banks of the Danube and of the Ilz went to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany and afterwards to Austria.
Passau (1414); Renaissance and Baroque are the former Cistercian
Passau. Urlaub in Passau Hotel Passau Ferienwohnung in Passau in Bayern (786 words)
Von Passau aus erreichen Sie den Nationalpark Bayerischer Wald in Bayern mit Tierfreigehege und Informationshaus in ca.
Modehaus Garhammer, Karolibad und Christlkindlmarkt Waldkirchen Passau mit seinen 3 Flüssen oder dem Dom, Westernstadt Pullman City in Tittling, oder die schönste Stadt im Bayrischen Wald- Waldkirchen- würden Sie gerne zu einem Besuch begrüßen.
Den ältesten Teil der 1978 gegründeten Universität Passau mit heute 8000 Studenten stellt das Nikolakloster dar
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