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Encyclopedia > Pashmina
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A stack of pashmina fabric
A stack of pashmina fabric

Pashmina refers to a type of cashmere wool and textiles made from it. The name comes from Pashmineh, made from Persian pashm (= "wool"). This wool comes from a special breed of goat indigenous to high altitudes of the Himalayan mountains. The special goat's fleece has been used for thousands of years to make high-quality shawls that also bear the same name. The Himalayan Mountain goat, Capra hircus, sheds its winter coat every spring and the fleece is caught on thorn bushes. One goat sheds approximately 3-8 ounces of the fiber. Villages would scour the mountainside for the finest fleece to be used. Cashmere shawls have been manufactured in Kashmir and Nepal for thousands of years, but the Indians never called them "pashmina". They were popularly called Kashmiri wool shawls. The test for a quality pashmina has been warmth, feel and the passing the shawl through a wedding ring. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1695x2118, 2239 KB) Summary http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1695x2118, 2239 KB) Summary http://www. ... Cashmere wool is wool obtained from the Cashmere goat and is also known as Pashmina. ... This article is about the type of fabric. ... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... Species See Species and subspecies The goat is a mammal in the genus Capra, which consists of nine species: the Ibex, the West Caucasian Tur, the East Caucasian Tur, the Markhor, and the Wild Goat. ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... Fiber or fibre[1] is a class of materials that are continuous filaments or are in discrete elongated pieces, similar to lengths of thread. ... Cashmere may refer to: Cashmere wool, wool from the Cashmere goat, which is a type of Asian goat. ... Kashmir (or Cashmere) may refer to: Kashmir region, the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent India, Kashmir conflict, the territorial dispute between India, Pakistan, and the China over the Kashmir region. ...


Pashmina is an indigenous Nepali word which only became popular after the so-named shawls, woven in Nepal, started being popular in the west. What are commonly thought of as pashminas have their origin in Nepal, where the people have a cultural heritage of hand-weaving pashmina shawls with the well-known fringing and hand dyeing.


A pashmina shawl can range in cost from as little as about $35US for a pure pashmina scarf up to hundreds of $US for a super high-quality pure pashmina shawl. They are known for their softness and warmth. A craze for pashminas in the mid-1990's resulted in high demand for pashminas, so demand exceeded supply. The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... A scarf is a piece of textile worn on or near the head or around the neck for warmth, cleanliness, fashion or for religious reasons. ...


To meet the demands of cashmere lovers, the goats are now commercially reared in the Gobi Desert area in Inner and Outer Mongolia. The region has identical harsh weather conditions to those of the Himalayan region, and is thereby apt for the goats to grow this inner wool, but also has acres of grazing ground to produce cashmere economically and commercially. During spring (Molting Season), the goats shed this inner wool, which they develop all over again during the course of the winter. The inner wool is collected, sheared and spun to produce cashmere. The quality is just as high, while the costs have become more reasonable as a result. The Gobi is a large desert region in northern China and southern Mongolia. ...


Pashmina accessories are available in a range of sizes, from "scarf" (12" x 60") to "wrap" or "stole" (28" x 80") to fullsize shawl (36" x 80"). Pure pashmina is a rather gauzy, open weave, as the wool cannot tolerate high tension. The most popular pashmina fabric is a 70% pashmina/30% silk blend, but 50/50 is also common. The 70/30 is tightly woven, has an elegant sheen and drapes nicely, but is still quite soft and light-weight. Look up wrap in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The stole (a liturgical vestment of various Christian denominations) is an embroidered band of cloth, formerly usually of silk, about two and one-half to three metres long and seven to ten centimetres wide, whose ends are usually broadened out. ... Silk dresses Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles. ...


When pashmina shawls rose into fashion prominence during the mid 90’s, they were marketed dubiously. Cashmere used for pashmina shawls was claimed to be of a superior quality attributable to the enhanced sheen and softness that the fabric (cashmere blended with silk) encompassed. In the consuming markets, pashmina shawls were again defined as a shawl/wrap with cashmere and silk, notwithstanding the actual meaning of pashmina - which is technically an accessory of pure pashmina and not the blend. Following up, some unscrupulous companies marketed the man-made fabric viscose as "pashmina" with deceptive marketing statements as "authentic viscose pashmina". These are often sold for a very low price, leaving the buyer to decide whether it is authenticity, quality, or price that motivates their purchase. Viscose is a viscous organic liquid used to make rayon and cellophane. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Pashmina - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (403 words)
A pashmina is a type of goat endemic to Kashmir, Ladakh, and Himachal Pradesh regions of India.
Pashmina shawls are a relatively recent cottage industry in Nepal, and all of the wool is imported from China.
Pashmina wraps are available in a range of sizes, from "muffler" (12" x 60") to "scarf" (24" x 80") to fullsize shawl (36" x 80").
Pashmina : Cashmere wool of the highest grade. (612 words)
Pashmina is the name given to the wool shorn from the underbelly of goats indigenous to remote and frigid Himalayan regions of Tibet and Central Asia at a height of 12,000 to 14,000 feet or more, a desolate place with little vegetation and extremely cold conditions.
These luxurious pashmina shawl is hand woven by traditional weavers whose families have been in the occupation since ages and they inherit this art from their ancestors, and tradition of this art continues from one generation to another generation.
The colors of pashmina that are particularly fashionable this season are shades of purple; from pale lilac to a deep violet shade of prune.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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