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Encyclopedia > Partition
Look up partition in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Generally, a partition is a splitting of something into parts. The term is used in a variety of senses: Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ...

Contents

Chemistry

  • Nernst partition law
  • Partitioning, a synonym for liquid-liquid extraction

Walther Nernst. ... Liquid-liquid extraction, also known as solvent extraction and partitioning, is a method to separate compounds based on their solution preferences for two different immiscible liquids, usually water and an organic solvent. ...

Computer science

  • Disk partitioning, the dividing of a hard disk's storage space into independent parts
  • Partition (mainframe), for dividing a computer into several independent virtual computers
  • Partition also refers to an algorithm used in quicksort which separates a list into two sublists, those elements less than or equal to a value and those greater than it. It is also used in selection algorithms.
  • Partition (database) for splitting a database and access.
  • Partition problem, an NP-complete problem: given a set of integers, can the set be partitioned into two subsets with equal sums?

In computer engineering, hard disk drive partitioning is the creation of logical divisions upon a hard disk that allows one to apply operating system-specific logical formatting. ... A partition is a subset of data processing system hardware resources allocated to an operating system wherein there is no overlap in resources allocated to two partitions. ... Quicksort in action on a list of random numbers. ... In computer science, a selection algorithm is an algorithm for finding the kth smallest (or kth largest) number in a list. ... A partition is a division of a logical database or its constituting elements into distinct independent parts. ... The Partition problem is an NP-Complete problem in Computer Science. ...

Law

  • Partition (law), to divide up a piece of land into separate portions representing the proportionate interests of the tenants

A partition is a term used in the law of real property to describe the court-ordered division of a concurrent estate into separate portions representing the proportionate interests of the tenants. ...

Mathematics

  • List of partition topics
  • Partition of a set, a collection of non-empty subsets such that every element belongs to one and only one of the subsets
  • Partition (number theory), a way to write a positive integer as a sum of other positive integers; the partition function gives the number of different ways to partition a number
  • Partition problem, an NP-complete problem: given a set of integers, can the set be partitioned into two subsets with equal sums?
  • A partition of unity is a set of functions whose sum is the constant function
  • Partition of an interval, used in the theory of the Riemann integral and the Riemann-Stieltjes integral

This is a list of partition topics, in the mathematical sense. ... A partition of U into 6 blocks: an Euler diagram representation. ... In number theory, a partition of a positive integer n is a way of writing n as a sum of positive integers. ... The Partition problem is an NP-Complete problem in Computer Science. ... In mathematics, a partition of unity of a topological space X is a set of continuous functions {ρi} from X to the unit interval [0,1] such that every point has a neighbourhood where all but a finite number of the functions are identically zero, and the sum of all... In mathematics, a partition of an interval [a, b] on the real line is a finite sequence of the form a = x0 < x1 < x2 < ... < xn = b. ...

Music

Main article: Partition (music)

In music using the twelve tone technique a partition is a method of creating segments from sets, most often through registral difference. ...

Movie

Partition is a 2007 film, directed by Vic Sarin, written by Patricia Finn and Vic Sarin, and starring Jimi Mistry and Kristin Kreuk. ...

Physics

In statistical mechanics, the partition function Z is an important quantity that encodes the statistical properties of a system in thermodynamic equilibrium. ... In quantum field theory, we have a generating functional, Z[J] of correlation functions and this value, called the partition function is usually expressed by something like the following functional integral: where S is the action functional. ...

Political geography

Notable examples are:

The Partitions of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Polish: Rozbiór Polski or Rozbiory Polski; Lithuanian: Lietuvos-Lenkijos padalijimai, Belarusian: Падзелы Рэчы Паспалітай) took place in the 18th century and ended the existence of the sovereign Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... The Partition of Bengal in 1905, was made on 16 October by then Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon. ... The Partition of Bengal in 1947 divided Bengal into the two separate entities of West Bengal belonging to India, and East Bengal belonging to Pakistan. ... This article is under construction. ... The Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU) was a former state of India. ... Combatants Mukti Bahini India Aided By  Soviet Union Pakistan Aided By United States People’s Republic of China Commanders • General M A G Osmani • General Jagjit Singh Aurora • General Sam Manekshaw • General A. A. K. Niazi • General Tikka Khan Strength India: 500,000+ Mukti Bahini: 100,000[1][2] Pakistan... On 29 November 1947 the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine or United Nations General Assembly Resolution 181, a plan to resolve the Arab-Israeli conflict in the British Mandate of Palestine, was approved by the United Nations General Assembly. ... The Partition of Ireland took place in May 1921. ... Soviet-Turkish border as per treaty The Treaty of Kars (Turkish: Kars AntlaÅŸması, Russian: Карсский договор) was a friendship treaty[1] between TBMM, (which was declared Turkey in 1923), and the Soviet Union by the representatives of Russian SFSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Armenian SSR, Georgian SSR. It was signed in Kars on... The Partition of Vietnam refers to the establishment of the 17th parallel as the Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone in 1954, splitting Vietnam into halves after the First Indochina War. ... The three partitions of Luxembourg reduced Luxembourgs area substantially, to the advantage of the three surrounding countries. ... Partition in Quebec politics refers to the secession of regions of the province of Quebec. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Partition (computing) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (763 words)
Disk partitioning is a simple technique which can be viewed as a precursor of logical volume management.
With Windows the standard partitioning scheme is to create a single partition, the C: drive, where the operating system, data, and programs all reside.
A /home partition is useful for desktop uses as it allows a clean reinstall (or a fresh install of another Linux distribution) while leaving data intact.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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