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Encyclopedia > Partido Socialista Obrero Español

The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español or PSOE) is one of the main parties of The Kingdom of Spain or Spain ( Spanish: Reino de España or España; Catalan: Regne dEspanya; Basque: Espainiako Erresuma; Galician: Reino da España) is a country located in the southwest of Europe. It shares the Iberian Peninsula with Portugal, Gibraltar and Andorra. To the... Spain. It is a Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. During the early and mid-20th century, social democrats were in favor... social democratic party, a member of the The Socialist International (SI) is an international organisation for social democratic parties. Its secretariat is located in London. Its members include the Labour Party (United Kingdom), SPD (Germany), the Democratic Socialists of America (USA), the Australian Labor Party, and New Democratic Party (Canada), among many others. The Socialist International has... Socialist International.

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José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero in a meeting in San Sebastián

It has had strong ties with the Unión General de Trabajadores trade union. For decades, UGT membership was a requisite for PSOE membership. During the ruling of PSOE in the 1980s, though, UGT protested the PSOE economic policy, even calling to a A general strike is a strike action by an entire labour force in a city, region or country. In the late 19th century, the growing international labour movements advocated general strikes for industrial or political purposes. General strikes were frequent in Spain during the early twentieth century, where revolutionary anarcho... general strike (14-D) on December 14 is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 17 days remaining. Events 867 - Adrian II becomes Pope 872 - John VIII becomes Pope 1287 - Zuider Zee sea wall collapses, killing over 50,000 people 1542 - Princess Mary Stuart becomes Queen... 14 December of 1988.

Early History

It was founded in Events January January 2 - Fred Spofforth claims the first Hat-trick in test cricket. January 11 - Anglo-Zulu War begins. January 22 - Zulu troops massacre British troops at the Battle of Isandlwana. At Rorkes Drift, outnumbered British soldiers drive the attackers away after hours of fighting. February February 12... 1879 in Madrid by the historical Spanish workers' leader Pablo Iglesias Posse (October 18, 1850, El Ferrol, province of Corunna, Spain - December 9, 1925, Madrid) led the Spanish socialist movement. He co-founded the Spanish Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) in 1879 and the Spanish General Workers Union (UGT) in 1888. Iglesias was born to humble parents who called him... Pablo Iglesias. Although the PSOE was rather weak during the last years of the 19th century, its active participation in strike waves of 1899-1902 and, especially its electoral coalition with the main Republican parties led in 1910 to the election of Pablo Iglesias as the first socialist representative in the Spanish Cortes (Parliament).

The PSOE formed part of the Spanish Government during the Flag of the Spanish Republics. The Second Spanish Republic (1931 – 1939) was the second period in Spanish history in which the election of both the positions of Head of State and Head of government were in the hands of the people. The First Spanish Republic was from 1873 –... second Spanish Republic (1931-1933) and as part of the The Frente Popular (Spanish Popular Front) was an electoral coalition and pact signed in January 1936 by various left-wing political organisations, instigated by Manuel Azaña for the purpose of contesting that years election. The Popular Front included the Spanish Socialist Workers Party (PSOE), Workers General Union (UGT), Communist... Spanish Popular Front ("Frente Popular"), elected to government in 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-February January 15 -- The first building to be completely covered in glass is completed in Toledo, Ohio, for the Owens-Illinois Glass Company. January 20 - Death of George V of the United Kingdom. His... 1936. During the Alternative meaning: Spanish Civil War, 1820-1823 A republican soldier seeks cover on the Plaza de Toros in Teruel, east of Madrid. The Spanish Civil War (1936 - 1939) was the result of complex political differences between the Republicans — supporters of the government of the day, the Second Spanish Republic... Spanish Civil War, it divided into two wings: a leftist revolutionary, and Marxism is the political practice and social theory based on the works of Karl Marx, a 19th century philosopher, economist, journalist, and revolutionary, along with Friedrich Engels. Marx drew on Hegels philosophy, the political economy of Adam Smith, Ricardian economics, and 19th century French socialism to develop a critique... Marxist wing, led by Francisco Largo Caballero (October 15, 1869 -March 23, 1946) was a Spanish politician and trade unionist. He was one of the historic leaders of the Socialist Party (PSOE) and of the Workers General Union (UGT). Born in Madrid, as a young man he made his living stuccoing walls. He participated... Francisco Largo Caballero, and a reformist wing, led by Indalecio Prieto Tuero (April 30, 1883 - February 11, 1962) was a Spanish politician, one of the leading figures of the Spanish Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) in the years before and during the Second Spanish Republic. Born in Oviedo in 1883, his father died when he was six years old; his... Indalecio Prieto and Julian Besteiro.

Generalísimo Francisco Franco, caudillo de España por la gracia de Dios Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde Salgado Pardo de Andrade (December 4, 1892 - November 20, 1975), abbreviated Francisco Franco Bahamonde and sometimes known as Generalísimo Francisco Franco, was dictator of Spain from 1939 until... Francisco Franco banned the PSOE in 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-June January 2 - End of term for Frank Finley Merriam, 28th Governor of California. He is succeeded by Culbert Levy Olson. January 24 - Earthquake kills 30.000 in Chile – about 50.000 sq... 1939, and it was only legalised again in February For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). Events January-February January 1 - First woman Episcopal priest ordained. January 6 - EMI sacks the Sex Pistols January 18 - Scientists identify a previously unknown bacterium as the cause of the mysterious legionnaires disease January 18 - Australia experiences its worst railway disaster... 1977. During this time it's activities was persecuted, with many leaders and militants being imprisoned, assassinated, or they See Exile (disambiguation) for other meanings. To be in exile is to be away from ones home (i.e. city, state or country) while either being explicitly refused permission to return or being threatened by prison or death upon return. It is common to distinguish between internal exile, i... exiled.

Modern history

It's XXV Congress was held in The Capitole, the 18th century city hall of Toulouse and best known landmark in the city; in the foreground is the Place du Capitole, a hub of urban life at the very center of the city Toulouse (pronounced in standard French, in local Toulouse accent) ( Occitan: Tolosa, pronounced ) is a... Toulouse in August 1972 was a leap year that started on a Saturday. Events January January 2 - the Pierre Hotel Heist - Six men rob the safety deposit boxes of the Pierre Hotel in New York City. Loot is at least $4 million January 5 - President of the United States Richard Nixon orders the... 1972. In it's XXVI congress at Suresnes (France, 1974) Felipe González was elected as secretary general, replacing Rodolfo Llopis Ferrándiz. He was from the renovating wing of the party, and his victory was a defeat for the historic or veteran wing of the party. He showed intentions to move the party away from its Marxist and socialist background, turning the PSOE into a social-democratic party, similar to those of the rest of western Europe. In For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). Events January-February January 1 - First woman Episcopal priest ordained. January 6 - EMI sacks the Sex Pistols January 18 - Scientists identify a previously unknown bacterium as the cause of the mysterious legionnaires disease January 18 - Australia experiences its worst railway disaster... 1977 PSOE became the official party of the opposition with 29.2% of the vote and 118 seats in the [[[Cortes Generales|Parliament]]. In their XXVII of May 1979 is a common year starting on Monday. Events January January 1 - United States and the Peoples Republic of China establish diplomatic relations January 4 - State of Ohio agrees to pay $675,000 to families of dead and injured in Kent State University shootings. January 7 - Vietnam and Vietnam... 1979 he resigned because the party would not abandon it's Marxism is the political practice and social theory based on the works of Karl Marx, a 19th century German philosopher, economist, journalist, and revolutionary, along with Friedrich Engels. Marx drew on Georg Hegels philosophy, the political economy of Adam Smith, Ricardian economics, and 19th century French socialism to develop... Marxist character. In September the extraordinary XXVIII was called in which González was re-elected and the party agreed to end Marxism within the party. European social democratic parties supported González stand, and the German The Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD – Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands) is the second oldest political party of Germany still in existence and also one of the oldest and largest in the world, celebrating its 140th anniversary in 2003. Rooted in the workers movement, it is left-of-center and... SPD granted them money. The party symbol was changed from the anvil with the book to the Social Democratic fist with a rose. In the referendum of 1978, PSOE favoured the The Spanish Constitution of 1978 is the culmination of the Spanish transition to democracy. Origins See constitution of Spain for the constitutional history of Spain, dating back to the constitution of 1812. As part of the Spanish transition to democracy after the death of dictator Francisco Franco in 1975, a... Spanish Constitution, which was aproved. In the 1979 elections they gained 30.5% of the vote and 121 seats, remaining the main opposition party.

On October 28 is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 64 days remaining. Events 306 - Maxentius is proclaimed Roman emperor. 312 - Battle of Milvian Bridge: Constantine the Great defeats the forces of Maxentius. Roman emperor Constantine converts himself and the empire to... October 28, 1982 is a number and represents a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar Events January-February January 6 - William Bonin is convicted of being the freeway killer. January 8 - AT&T agrees to divest itself of twenty-two subdivisions January 11 - Mark Thatcher, son of the... 1982, the PSOE won an historic electoral victory, with 48.3% of the vote (10,000,000 in total). Felipe González became The President of the Government (Spanish: Presidente del Gobierno), or Prime Minister, of Spain is the Spanish head of government. The President of the Government is elected by the Congress of Deputies (the lower house of parliament) on being proposed by the King. The current office is established under the... Prime Minister of Spain on December 2 is the 336th day (337th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 29 days remaining. Events 1409 - The University of Leipzig opened. 1755 - The second Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed by fire. 1804 - At Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned as... December 2, remaing so until March 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. Events Environmental change The invasive species Asian long-horned beetle is found in New York January 7 - One of the worst blizzards in American history hits eastern... 1996. In spite of its appearance as a party with a progressive economic program, the PSOE combined There are three main interpretations of the idea of a welfare state: the provision of welfare services by the state. an ideal model in which the state assumes primary responsibility for the welfare of its citizens. This responsibility is comprehensive, because all aspects of welfare are considered; a safety net... social reforms with a liberal and capitalist economic policy.

Though the party had previously opposed the For the National Association of Theatre Owners, please see National Association of Theatre Owners. The flag of NATO NATO 2002 Summit The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), sometimes called North Atlantic Alliance, Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for defence collaboration established in 1949, in support... NATO, after reaching the government most party leaders defended to maintain Spain inside the organisation. The González administration organised a referendum on the question in 1986, calling for a favourable vote, and won. The administration was criticised for avoiding the official names of North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and NATO, using the unofficial Atlantic Alliance terms. A symbol of this U-turn is This page has been protected from editing to deal with vandalism. Please discuss any proposed changes on the talk page. Javier Solana Javier Solana (born July 14, 1942), the 1995-1999 NATO Secretary General, is, since the fall of 1999, Secretary General of both the European Union and the 10... Javier Solana who campaigned against NATO but ended years later as its Secretary General.

PSOE Supported the United States in the See also: 2003 invasion of Iraq and Gulf War (disambiguation) C Company, 1st Battalion, The Staffordshire Regiment, 1st UK Armoured Division The Persian Gulf War was a conflict between Iraq and a coalition force of 34 nations led by the United States. The lead up to the war began with... First Gulf War (1991). The PSOE won 1986, 1989 and 1993 elections.

Economic crisis, scandals of corruption and alleged State terrorism is a controversial term that is separate from the more common term state sponsored terrorism. State terrorism is defined by some as violence upon a national population committed by national governments or their proxies. State terrorism can be effected directly, at the hands of national military or security... state terrorism against the This article is about the Basque people. For the article of clothing, see basque (clothing). The Basques (Euskaldunak) are an indigenous people who inhabit parts of both Spain and France. They are found predominantly in four provinces in Spain and three in France. This area _ the Basque Country (Basque... Basque terrorist group For other meanings of ETA, see Eta. ETA logo Euskadi Ta Askatasuna, or ETA, is a Basque paramilitary group that seeks to create an independent socialist state for the Basque people, separate from Spain and France, the countries in which Basque-populated areas currently lie. ETA is considered by Spain... ETA eroded the popularity of Felipe González, and in 1996, the PSOE lost the elections to the conservative From the left: Mariano Rajoy, Josep Piqué and José María Aznar during the proclamation act of Josep Piqué in September 2003 The Peoples Party ( Spanish: Partido Popular) is a large liberal- conservative political party in Spain. It was the governing party from 1996 to... Partido Popular (PP). Between 1996 and 2001 the PSOE weathered a crisis, suffering a hard defeat in 2000 (34.7%).

It still has remained as the ruling party in the Spains fifty provinces (provincias) are grouped into seventeen autonomous communities (comunidades aut nomas), in addition to two African autonomous cities (ciudades aut nomas) (Ceuta and Melilla). Formation and Powers Centralism, nationalism and separatism played an important role in the Spanish transition. For fear that separatism would lead to instability... autonomous communities of Andalusia, Extremadura, Castilla-La Mancha and Asturias.

In 2001, a new general secretary, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, was elected, replacing Felipe González, and renewing the party. Later, the PSOE won the municipal elections of 2003.

On 13th November 2003 the PSOE won the regional election in Capital Barcelona Official languages Spanish and Catalan In Val dAran, also Aranese. Area  – Total  – % of Spain Ranked 6th   32 114 km²  6,3% Population  – Total (2003)  – % of Spain  – Density Ranked 2nd  6 506 440  ... Catalonia, through a pact with Logo of the Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC) party. The Republican Left of Catalonia (Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya, ERC) is a left-of-centre political party that campaigns for independence for Catalonia from Spain. Its basic political principles are defined in the Statement of Ideology approved at the 19th National... Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (Republican Left of Catalonia, ERC, left-wing independentist) and Categories: Politics stubs | Catalan political parties ... Iniciativa per Catalunya (Initiative for Catalonia, ICV, left-wing).

In 2004, the PSOE won the Map of Spains electoral circumscriptions, and the parties leading in each circumscription in the election for the Congress of Deputies Legislative elections were held in Spain on March 14, 2004. At stake were all 350 seats in the lower house of the Cortes Generales, the Congress of Deputies, and... Spanish legislative elections with almost 43% of the votes, following the (Redirected from 11-M) The scene of one of the Madrid bombings. The 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks (also known as 11/3, 3/11 and 11-M) were a series of coordinated terrorist bombings against the commuter train system of Madrid, Spain on the morning of 11 March 2004... 11-M Terrorism is a controversial term with multiple definitions. One definition means a violent action targetting civilians exclusively. Another definition is the use or threatened use of violence for the purpose of creating fear in order to achieve a political, religious, or ideological goal. Under the second definition, the targets of... terrorist attacks, and the elections to the European Parliament.

PSOE called for Yes to the The Treaty establishing a constitution for Europe is a proposed constitutional treaty for the European Union. Its main aim is to replace the overlapping set of existing treaties that provides the current constitution for the Union. Despite its name, it only covers the European Union, not Europe in the geographical... European Constitution proposal in the referendum held in 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. Events January Iraqi police officers hold up their index fingers marked with purple indelible ink, a security measure to prevent double voting. Worldwide aid effort continues to develop in response to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. January 3... 2005.

Glossary of PSOE terms

  • Various rulers or governments of Europe, of Japan bestow or recognise the title of baron. In the British peerage system, barons rank lowest, coming after viscounts. A female of baronial rank has the honorific baroness. A baron may hold a barony (plural baronies). The word baron derives from an Old... Baron. Unofficial term for the party's regional leaders. They can be very powerful, especially if they run an autonomous community. There have been conflicts between barons and the central directorate. Some barons are Pasqual Maragall i Mira (born January 13, 1941) is the 127th President of Generalitat de Catalunya (the autonomous system of government of Catalonia). He has previously been Mayor of Barcelona, from 1982 to 1997, and helped run the citys successful Olympic bid. The early years He was born in... Pasqual Maragall (Catalonia), José Luis Ibarra (Extremadura), Manuel Chaves (U.S. Army), a figure in U.S.-Navajo history Manuel Chaves González, president of the Spanish region of Andalucia This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an article link referred you here... Manuel Chaves (Andalusia). (Enrique Barón was a PSOE minister for Industry, the surname is a coincidence). The term baron is more colloquial than official, representing the great power than these persons have in the party.
  • Compañero ("companion"). A term of address among Socialists, similar to the communist Comrade is a term meaning friend, colleague, or ally. The term originally carried a strong military connotation, a roommate. After the Russian Revolution, the Russian version of this term (товарищ, tovarishch) was championed by communists as an egalitarian alternative to terms like Mister. Russian... comrade. After the social-democratization, it is out of vogue and only used during campaigns or by the most leftist socialists.
  • Currents. There have been several internal groups within PSOE, based on personal or ideological affinities. Some of them have ended with separation from the PSOE. The failed trial of A primary election is one in which a political party selects a candidate for a later election by all registered voters in that jurisdiction (nominating primary). Primaries are sometimes open only to registered members of that party, and sometimes open to all voters. In open primaries, voters must typically choose... primary elections for PSOE candidates was an attempt to conciliate currents. Examples of currents are "Guerristas" (followers of Alfonso Guerra González (born May 31, Spanish politician, born in Sevilla. A leading member of the Spanish Workers Socialist Party (PSOE), he served as Vicepresident of the Government (vicepresidente del Gobierno, i.e., equivalent to deputy Prime Minister) of Spain from 1982 to 1991, under the presidency of Felipe... Alfonso Guerra), "Renovadores" (renewers, right-wing of the Party) or Izquierda Socialista (Socialist Left).

See also: Parliamentary democracy was restored following the death of General Franco in 1975, who had ruled since the end of the civil war in 1939. The 1978 constitution established Spain as a parliamentary monarchy, with the Prime Minister responsible to the bicameral Cortes Generales (Cortes) elected every 4 years. On February... Politics of Spain



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